Robert J Wellman

Summary

Affiliation: University of Massachusetts Medical School
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Psychometric properties of the Autonomy over Tobacco Scale in German
    R J Wellman
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Eur Addict Res 18:76-82. 2012
  2. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the Hooked on Nicotine Checklist and the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence in adult smokers
    Robert J Wellman
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 8:575-80. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint The extent to which tobacco marketing and tobacco use in films contribute to children's use of tobacco: a meta-analysis
    Robert J Wellman
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:1285-96. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the psychometric properties of the hooked on nicotine checklist and the modified Fagerström tolerance questionnaire
    Robert J Wellman
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Addict Behav 31:486-95. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint The effect of abstinence on cigarette consumption upon the resumption of smoking
    Robert J Wellman
    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Worcester 01655, United States
    Addict Behav 31:711-6. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Tobacco chippers report diminished autonomy over smoking
    Robert J Wellman
    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Worcester 01655, United States
    Addict Behav 31:717-21. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Symptoms of tobacco dependence after brief intermittent use: the Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youth-2 study
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:704-10. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Susceptibility to nicotine dependence: the Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youth 2 study
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Ave, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 120:e974-83. 2007
  9. doi request reprint The Autonomy Over Smoking Scale
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 23:656-65. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint The relationship between level of cigarette consumption and latency to the onset of retrospectively reported withdrawal symptoms
    W W S A Fernando
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA, 01655, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 188:335-42. 2006

Detail Information

Publications23

  1. doi request reprint Psychometric properties of the Autonomy over Tobacco Scale in German
    R J Wellman
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Eur Addict Res 18:76-82. 2012
    ..We investigated the psychometric properties of a German translation of the 12-item Autonomy over Tobacco Scale (AUTOS) among 1,195 eighth-grade students...
  2. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the Hooked on Nicotine Checklist and the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence in adult smokers
    Robert J Wellman
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 8:575-80. 2006
    ..The HONC is uniquely suited for use with smokers whose cigarette consumption is low...
  3. ncbi request reprint The extent to which tobacco marketing and tobacco use in films contribute to children's use of tobacco: a meta-analysis
    Robert J Wellman
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:1285-96. 2006
    ..To quantify the effect of exposure on initiation of tobacco use among adolescents...
  4. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the psychometric properties of the hooked on nicotine checklist and the modified Fagerström tolerance questionnaire
    Robert J Wellman
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Addict Behav 31:486-95. 2006
    ..The most important advantage of the HONC is that it is measuring a clearly defined concept, diminished autonomy over tobacco, which begins when the sequelae of tobacco use present a barrier to quitting...
  5. ncbi request reprint The effect of abstinence on cigarette consumption upon the resumption of smoking
    Robert J Wellman
    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Worcester 01655, United States
    Addict Behav 31:711-6. 2006
    ..The shapes of the observed trajectories suggest that more than one process may be at work. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings...
  6. ncbi request reprint Tobacco chippers report diminished autonomy over smoking
    Robert J Wellman
    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Worcester 01655, United States
    Addict Behav 31:717-21. 2006
    ..Although chippers may not warrant a dependence diagnosis, they may benefit from help with cessation. Autonomy over smoking may be a more useful basis than cigarette consumption rates for classifying smokers...
  7. ncbi request reprint Symptoms of tobacco dependence after brief intermittent use: the Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youth-2 study
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:704-10. 2007
    ..The first study found that symptoms of dependence commonly appeared soon after the onset of intermittent smoking...
  8. ncbi request reprint Susceptibility to nicotine dependence: the Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youth 2 study
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Ave, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 120:e974-83. 2007
    ..We studied a cohort of 1246 public school 6th-graders in 6 Massachusetts communities (mean age at baseline: 12.2 years)...
  9. doi request reprint The Autonomy Over Smoking Scale
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 23:656-65. 2009
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint The relationship between level of cigarette consumption and latency to the onset of retrospectively reported withdrawal symptoms
    W W S A Fernando
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA, 01655, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 188:335-42. 2006
    ..Subthreshold smokers (who smoke < or =5 cigarettes/day) experience withdrawal symptoms, yet they smoke less than is required to maintain serum nicotine levels...
  11. ncbi request reprint Screening adolescents for nicotine dependence: the Hooked On Nicotine Checklist
    Katherine Carter Wheeler
    Department of Biology Biotechnology, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    J Adolesc Health 35:225-30. 2004
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint A sensitization-homeostasis model of nicotine craving, withdrawal, and tolerance: integrating the clinical and basic science literature
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 7:9-26. 2005
    ..It provides a framework for theory-based research...
  13. doi request reprint Does progression through the stages of physical addiction indicate increasing overall addiction to tobacco?
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 219:815-22. 2012
    ..As physical addiction advances, the desire to smoke changes in quality and intensity from wanting, to craving, to needing. A prior study in adolescents suggested that this progression signifies increasing addiction...
  14. doi request reprint A comparison of the autonomy over tobacco scale and the Fagerström test for nicotine dependence
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Addict Behav 37:856-61. 2012
    ..Based on these results and those from prior studies, we conclude that the AUTOS offers researchers a valid and highly reliable, theory-based measure that is more versatile in its applications than the FTND...
  15. doi request reprint A systematic review of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual diagnostic criteria for nicotine dependence
    Joseph DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Addict Behav 35:373-82. 2010
    ..However, the data do not support the central premise of a 3-symptom diagnostic threshold, and no data establish that the DSM-ND criteria provide an accurate diagnosis of nicotine dependence...
  16. ncbi request reprint Tobacco promotion and the initiation of tobacco use: assessing the evidence for causality
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 117:e1237-48. 2006
    ..We sought to determine whether there is evidence of a causal link between exposure to tobacco promotion and the initiation of tobacco use by children...
  17. doi request reprint Imaging brain activation in nicotine-sensitized rats
    Zhixin Li
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Brain Res 1199:91-9. 2008
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Preventing cancer by controlling youth tobacco use
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical Center, 55 Lake Ave, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Semin Oncol Nurs 19:261-7. 2003
    ..To review the epidemiology and prevention of teen smoking and the risks of smoking among survivors of childhood cancer...
  19. ncbi request reprint Sensitization to nicotine: how the animal literature might inform future human research
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655
    Nicotine Tob Res 9:9-20. 2007
    ..Sensitization is incorporated into two theories of addiction: incentive-sensitization and sensitization-homeostasis. Whether sensitization occurs in humans and how it is expressed is unclear, as is its role in human addiction...
  20. doi request reprint Diminished autonomy over tobacco can appear with the first cigarettes
    Robert Scragg
    Epidemiology and Statistics Section, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Addict Behav 33:689-98. 2008
    ..These data suggest that smoking one cigarette in total can prompt a loss of autonomy...
  21. ncbi request reprint R-rated film viewing and adolescent smoking
    Murray Laugesen
    Health New Zealand
    Prev Med 45:454-9. 2007
    ..As smoking is very common in R-rated films, we sought to determine if viewing R-rated films is associated with adolescent smoking...
  22. ncbi request reprint Measuring adults' loss of autonomy over nicotine use: the Hooked on Nicotine Checklist
    Robert J Wellman
    Behavioral Sciences Department, Fitchburg State College, MA, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 7:157-61. 2005
    ..The HONC appears to be psychometrically sound in both adolescents and adults. It is a reliable and valid measure of lost autonomy for both novice and experienced smokers, and it allows for comparisons between these populations...
  23. ncbi request reprint Early dating and smoking initiation: Some thoughts about a common cause
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Addiction 101:1682-3. 2006