Affiliation: University of Wisconsin
- Irritable bowel syndrome--diarrhoeaArnold Wald
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 1685 Highland Avenue, Suite 4000, Madison, WI 53705, USA
Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 26:573-80. 2012..Evidence will be presented for dietary manipulations, probiotics and pharmacotherapies including tricyclic agents, antibiotics, serotonin antagonists and anti-diarrhoeal agents in the management of patients with IBS-D...
- Constipation in the primary care setting: current concepts and misconceptionsArnold Wald
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wis, USA
Am J Med 119:736-9. 2006..This review highlights and seeks to correct some of these misconceptions and provide treatment guidelines for the practicing physician...
- Clinical practice. Fecal incontinence in adultsArnold Wald
Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53792, USA
N Engl J Med 356:1648-55. 2007
- Acute and chronic megacolonStephen B Hanauer
Arnold Wald, MD Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 600 Highland Avenue, H6 516 CSC, Madison, WI 53792 5124, USA
Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol 10:237-47. 2007..For patients with disabling symptoms, surgical exclusion of the colon, decompression and antegrade enemas via cecostomy, or subtotal or segmental resection may be palliative...
- Appropriate use of laxatives in the management of constipationArnold Wald
Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 600 Highland Avenue, H6 516 CSC, Madison, WI 53792 5124, USA
Curr Gastroenterol Rep 9:410-4. 2007..This review addresses each of the four classes of laxatives and provides suggestions about their appropriate use in clinical practice...
- Behavioral and complementary approaches for the treatment of irritable bowel syndromeArnold Wald
Section of GI and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53792, USA
Nutr Clin Pract 23:284-92. 2008....
- Management and prevention of fecal impactionArnold Wald
Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, H6 516, Madison, WI 53792, USA
Curr Gastroenterol Rep 10:499-501. 2008..Management consists of disimpaction, colon evacuation, and a maintenance bowel program to prevent recurrent impactions...
- Chronic constipation: advances in managementA Wald
Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53792, USA
Neurogastroenterol Motil 19:4-10. 2007....
- Motility disorders of the colon and rectumArnold Wald
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
Curr Opin Gastroenterol 28:52-6. 2012..The major motor functions of the large bowel include storage, propulsion and defecation. New developments continue to expand our knowledge of this area and provide significant advances in the treatment of disorders of colorectal motility...
- Survey of laxative use by adults with self-defined constipation in South America and Asia: a comparison of six countriesA Wald
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, 53792, USA
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 31:274-84. 2010..In contrast to the US and Europe, prevalence and laxative use for self-defined constipation among adults was previously reported to be unassociated with age among adults in South Korea and Brazil...
- A multinational survey of prevalence and patterns of laxative use among adults with self-defined constipationA Wald
Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 28:917-30. 2008..While numerous studies report prevalence of constipation, use of laxatives is poorly understood...
- The burden of constipation on quality of life: results of a multinational surveyA Wald
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 26:227-36. 2007..The impact of constipation on quality of life (QoL) may vary in different cultural or national settings...
- Women's health training in gastroenterology fellowship: a national survey of fellows and program directorsSumona Saha
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, UW Medical Foundation Centennial Building, Room 4224, 1685 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA
Dig Dis Sci 56:751-60. 2011....
- Urinary and fecal incontinence after bariatric surgeryErica N Roberson
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53705, USA
Dig Dis Sci 55:2606-13. 2010..Morbidly obese women have markedly high rates of urinary and fecal incontinence. Weight loss reduces prevalence and severity of urinary incontinence; however, the effect of weight loss on fecal incontinence is unknown...
- Bowel habits and toilet training in a diverse population of childrenEllen R Wald
Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, USA
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 48:294-8. 2009..To gather data concerning bowel habits and toilet training of developmentally normal children ages 5 to 8 years...
- Con: Anorectal manometry and imaging are not necessary in patients with fecal incontinenceArnold Wald
Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
Am J Gastroenterol 101:2681-3. 2006
- Fresh perspectives in chronic constipation and other functional bowel disordersBrooks D Cash
Gastroenterology Division and Colon Health Initiative, National Naval Medical Center, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Rev Gastroenterol Disord 7:116-33. 2007..Therapies for IBS-C also are limited. However, ongoing research provides promise for improved outcomes in patients with FBDs...
- Long-term outcome of functional childhood constipationSeema Khan
Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Alfred I duPont Hospital for Children, 1600 Rockland Road, Wilmington, Delaware 19803, USA
Dig Dis Sci 52:64-9. 2007..In a long-term follow-up of a small sample, the prevalence of constipation in FCC adults is comparable to that in controls. Childhood constipation appears to be a predictor of IBS in adulthood...
- Safety and tolerability of tegaserod in patients with chronic constipation: pooled data from two phase III studiesEamonn M M Quigley
Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, Department of Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 4:605-13. 2006..Studies show that tegaserod effectively relieves the symptoms of chronic constipation/idiopathic constipation (CC). This pooled analysis assessed the safety and tolerability of tegaserod in a large dataset of CC patients...
- Severe constipationArnold Wald
Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 3:432-5. 2005
- Myths and misconceptions about chronic constipationStefan A Müller-Lissner
Abteilung Innere Medizin, Park Klinik Weissensee, Schönstrasse 80, 13086 Berlin, Germany
Am J Gastroenterol 100:232-42. 2005..Tolerance to stimulant laxatives is uncommon. There is no indication for the occurrence of "rebound constipation" after stopping laxative intake. While laxatives may be misused, there is no potential for addiction...
- Endoanal ultrasound findings and fecal incontinence symptoms in women with and without recognized anal sphincter tearsHolly E Richter
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35249 7333, and Division of Radiology, Magee Womens Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Obstet Gynecol 108:1394-401. 2006..To estimate whether endoanal ultrasound findings are more prevalent in primiparous women with a history of anal sphincter tear than in women without this history and whether the findings are associated with fecal incontinence symptoms...
- Constipation, diarrhea, and symptomatic hemorrhoids during pregnancyArnold Wald
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, PUH, Mezzanine Level, C Wing, 200 Lothrop Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Gastroenterol Clin North Am 32:309-22, vii. 2003....
- Is chronic use of stimulant laxatives harmful to the colon?Arnold Wald
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
J Clin Gastroenterol 36:386-9. 2003..The dose of such agents should be titrated to effect. Bisacodyl may be used if anthraquinone laxatives are unsatisfactory...
- Neurotrophin-3 improves functional constipationHenry P Parkman
Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140, USA
Am J Gastroenterol 98:1338-47. 2003..CONCLUSIONS: NT-3, administered TTW, increased stool frequency, enhanced colon transit, and improved symptoms of chronic constipation. NT-3 seems to be a novel, safe, and effective agent for the treatment of functional constipation...
- Biofeedback for fecal incontinenceArnold Wald
Gastroenterology 125:1533-5. 2003
- Introduction. Advancing the treatment of fecal and urinary incontinence through researchWilliam E Whitehead
Gastroenterology 126:S1-2. 2004
- Priorities for treatment research from different professional perspectivesWilliam E Whitehead
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Center for Gastrointestinal and Motility Disorders, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599 7080, USA
Gastroenterology 126:S180-5. 2004....
- Diagnosis of constipation in primary and secondary careArnold Wald
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Rev Gastroenterol Disord 4:S28-33. 2004..Most patients, however, do not require diagnostic studies beyond a careful history and physical examination, and are easily managed in the primary care setting...
- Effect of tegaserod in chronic constipation: a randomized, double-blind, controlled trialJohn F Johanson
University of Illinois College of Medicine, Rockford, IL, USA
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2:796-805. 2004..CONCLUSIONS: Over 12 weeks, tegaserod treatment produced significant improvements in chronic constipation symptoms and was also safe and well tolerated...
- Faecal incontinence in the elderly : epidemiology and managementArnold Wald
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Presbyterian University Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
Drugs Aging 22:131-9. 2005..Significant improvement in quality of life can be achieved in most elderly persons with faecal incontinence...
- Pathophysiology, diagnosis and current management of chronic constipationArnold Wald
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol 3:90-100. 2006..This article reviews the modern principles and therapies used to manage chronic constipation of varying severities...
- Functional anorectal disordersAdil E Bharucha
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
Gastroenterology 130:1510-8. 2006..Functional disorders of defecation may be amenable to pelvic floor retraining by biofeedback therapy (such as dyssynergic defecation)...
- Quality of life after antireflux surgery compared with nonoperative management for severe gastroesophageal reflux diseaseHiran C Fernando
Division of Thoracic Surgery, Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, PA 15213-3221, USA
J Am Coll Surg 194:23-7. 2002..Laparoscopic fundoplication should be considered for patients who are dissatisfied with medical treatment...