Kevin Volpp

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Mortality among hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries in the first 2 years following ACGME resident duty hour reform
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA 298:975-83. 2007
  2. doi request reprint Building physician work hour regulations from first principles and best evidence
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, and Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 300:1197-9. 2008
  3. pmc Did duty hour reform lead to better outcomes among the highest risk patients?
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:1149-55. 2009
  4. pmc Teaching hospital five-year mortality trends in the wake of duty hour reforms
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veteran s Administration Hospital, 1120 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 28:1048-55. 2013
  5. pmc Effect of a protected sleep period on hours slept during extended overnight in-hospital duty hours among medical interns: a randomized trial
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia VA Medical Center, 1120 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA 308:2208-17. 2012
  6. ncbi request reprint Mortality among patients in VA hospitals in the first 2 years following ACGME resident duty hour reform
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA 298:984-92. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Effect of cuts in Medicare reimbursement on process and outcome of care for acute myocardial infarction patients
    Kevin G Volpp
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Circulation 112:2268-75. 2005
  8. pmc Financial incentive-based approaches for weight loss: a randomized trial
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 300:2631-7. 2008
  9. doi request reprint A randomized, controlled trial of financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:699-709. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Paying people to lose weight and stop smoking
    Kevin G Volpp
    LDI Center for Health Incentives University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine the Wharton School and Philadelphia VA Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    LDI Issue Brief 14:1-4. 2009

Detail Information

Publications35

  1. ncbi request reprint Mortality among hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries in the first 2 years following ACGME resident duty hour reform
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA 298:975-83. 2007
    ..The association of duty hour reform with mortality among patients in teaching hospitals nationally has not been well established...
  2. doi request reprint Building physician work hour regulations from first principles and best evidence
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, and Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 300:1197-9. 2008
  3. pmc Did duty hour reform lead to better outcomes among the highest risk patients?
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:1149-55. 2009
    ..Earlier work demonstrated that ACGME duty hour reform did not adversely affect mortality, with slight improvement noted among specific subgroups...
  4. pmc Teaching hospital five-year mortality trends in the wake of duty hour reforms
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veteran s Administration Hospital, 1120 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 28:1048-55. 2013
    ..While previous studies showed no systematic impacts in the first 2 years post-reform, the impact on mortality in subsequent years has not been examined...
  5. pmc Effect of a protected sleep period on hours slept during extended overnight in-hospital duty hours among medical interns: a randomized trial
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia VA Medical Center, 1120 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA 308:2208-17. 2012
    ..A 2009 Institute of Medicine report recommended protected sleep periods for medicine trainees on extended overnight shifts, a position reinforced by new Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requirements...
  6. ncbi request reprint Mortality among patients in VA hospitals in the first 2 years following ACGME resident duty hour reform
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA 298:984-92. 2007
    ..The association of these changes with mortality among hospitalized patients has not been well established...
  7. ncbi request reprint Effect of cuts in Medicare reimbursement on process and outcome of care for acute myocardial infarction patients
    Kevin G Volpp
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Circulation 112:2268-75. 2005
    ....
  8. pmc Financial incentive-based approaches for weight loss: a randomized trial
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 300:2631-7. 2008
    ..Identifying effective obesity treatment is both a clinical challenge and a public health priority due to the health consequences of obesity...
  9. doi request reprint A randomized, controlled trial of financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:699-709. 2009
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Paying people to lose weight and stop smoking
    Kevin G Volpp
    LDI Center for Health Incentives University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine the Wharton School and Philadelphia VA Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    LDI Issue Brief 14:1-4. 2009
    ..This Issue Brief explores the use of financial incentives to motivate and sustain smoking cessation and weight loss...
  11. pmc Is thirty-day hospital mortality really lower for black veterans compared with white veterans?
    Kevin G Volpp
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University and Woodland Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Serv Res 42:1613-31. 2007
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Will mandated minimum nurse staffing ratios lead to better patient outcomes?
    Julie Sochalski
    University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Med Care 46:606-13. 2008
    ..Mandatory hospital nurse staffing ratios are under consideration in a number of states without strong empirical evidence of the optimal ratio...
  13. pmc Prolonged hospital stay and the resident duty hour rules of 2003
    Jeffrey H Silber
    Center for Outcomes Research, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Med Care 47:1191-200. 2009
    ..Resident duty hour reforms of 2003 had the potential to create a major impact on the delivery of inpatient care...
  14. pmc Effect of work-hours regulations on intensive care unit mortality in United States teaching hospitals
    Meeta Prasad
    Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine MP, JDC, JMK, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Crit Care Med 37:2564-9. 2009
    ..The United States instituted restrictions on resident work-hours in July 2003. The clinical impact of this reform on critically ill patients is unknown...
  15. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin G Volpp
    CHERP, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University and Woodland Ave, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:12-8. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether modest financial incentives increase the rate of smoking cessation program enrollment, completion, and quit rates in a outpatient clinical setting...
  16. pmc Hospital teaching intensity, patient race, and surgical outcomes
    Jeffrey H Silber
    Center for Outcomes Research, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 3535 Market St, Ste 1029, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Surg 144:113-20; discussion 121. 2009
    ....
  17. pmc Impact of a prescription copayment increase on lipid-lowering medication adherence in veterans
    Jalpa A Doshi
    Center for Health Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Circulation 119:390-7. 2009
    ..We examined the impact of the copayment increase on lipid-lowering medication adherence...
  18. pmc P4P4P: an agenda for research on pay-for-performance for patients
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Incentives, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 28:206-14. 2009
    ..Patient-targeted incentives have great potential, and systematic testing will help determine how they can best be used to improve population health...
  19. pmc A test of financial incentives to improve warfarin adherence
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:272. 2008
    ..Novel methods are needed to improve adherence for warfarin. We conducted two pilot studies to determine whether a lottery-based daily financial incentive is feasible and improves warfarin adherence and anticoagulation control...
  20. ncbi request reprint Internal medicine and general surgery residents' attitudes about the ACGME duty hours regulations: a multicenter study
    Jennifer S Myers
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Acad Med 81:1052-8. 2006
    ..To assess internal medicine and general surgery residents' attitudes about the effects of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education duty hours regulations on medical errors, quality of patient care, and residency experiences...
  21. pmc Patient opinions regarding 'pay for performance for patients'
    Judith A Long
    Philadelphia VA Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:1647-52. 2008
    ..Many large employers and payers are turning to pay for performance for patients (P4P4P) to reduce health costs and improve the health of their covered populations. How these programs may be perceived by patients is unknown...
  22. pmc The Hospital Compare mortality model and the volume-outcome relationship
    Jeffrey H Silber
    Center for Outcomes Research, 3535 Market Street, Suite 1029, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Serv Res 45:1148-67. 2010
    ..We ask whether Medicare's Hospital Compare random effects model correctly assesses acute myocardial infarction (AMI) hospital mortality rates when there is a volume-outcome relationship...
  23. pmc Short- and long-term mortality after an acute illness for elderly whites and blacks
    Daniel Polsky
    VA Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Department of General Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Serv Res 43:1388-402. 2008
    ..To estimate racial differences in mortality at 30 days and up to 2 years following a hospital admission for the elderly with common medical conditions...
  24. doi request reprint Randomized trial of lottery-based incentives to improve warfarin adherence
    Stephen E Kimmel
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Am Heart J 164:268-74. 2012
    ..Efforts to improve adherence have typically been either ineffective or too complex to implement in clinical practice. Lottery-based incentive interventions could be a scalable approach to improving adherence...
  25. ncbi request reprint Did postoperative mortality increase after the implementation of the Medicare Balanced Budget Act?
    Meena Seshamani
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6021, USA
    Med Care 44:527-33. 2006
    ..The Balanced Budget Act (BBA) of 1997 was a cost-saving measure designed to reduce Medicare reimbursements by $116.4 billion from 1998 to 2002. Resulting financial strain could adversely affect the quality of patient care in hospitals...
  26. pmc To leave or to lie? Are concerns about a shift-work mentality and eroding professionalism as a result of duty-hour rules justified?
    Julia E Szymczak
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Milbank Q 88:350-81. 2010
    ..In this qualitative study, we explore how medical and surgical residents perceive and respond to DHR by examining the "local" organizational culture in which their work is embedded...
  27. ncbi request reprint Is lower 30-day mortality posthospital admission among blacks unique to the Veterans Affairs health care system?
    Daniel Polsky
    VA Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Pittsburgh, PA 19104, USA
    Med Care 45:1083-9. 2007
    ..However, no studies have directly compared racial differences in mortality within 30 days of hospitalization between the VA and non-VA facilities in the US health care system...
  28. ncbi request reprint Failure-to-rescue: comparing definitions to measure quality of care
    Jeffrey H Silber
    Center for Outcomes Research, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Med Care 45:918-25. 2007
    ..This study examines the reliability and validity of different FTR measures currently in use...
  29. ncbi request reprint Did recent changes in Medicare reimbursement hit teaching hospitals harder?
    R Tamara Konetzka
    The University of Chicago, Department of Health Studies, 5841 S Maryland Avenue, MC2007, Chicago IL 60637, USA
    Acad Med 80:1069-74. 2005
    ....
  30. pmc The effect of cuts in medicare reimbursement on hospital mortality
    Meena Seshamani
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Health Serv Res 41:683-700. 2006
    ....
  31. doi request reprint Nurse staffing ratios: trends and policy implications for hospitalists and the safety net
    Patrick H Conway
    Center for Health Care Quality and Division of Health Policy and Clinical Effectiveness, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45215, USA
    J Hosp Med 3:193-9. 2008
    ..Mandated minimum nurse-to-patient staffing ratio legislation was passed in California in 1999 and implemented January 1, 2004. Nurse staffing legislation is being considered in at least 25 other states...
  32. ncbi request reprint Managed care and hospital cost containment
    R Tamara Konetzka
    Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Inquiry 45:98-111. 2008
    ..Post-backlash, high managed care penetration no longer was associated with lower cost growth in the most competitive markets, indicating that the synergistic effects between managed care and hospital competition no longer may exist...
  33. doi request reprint A delicate balance: physician work hours, patient safety, and organizational efficiency
    Kevin G Volpp
    Circulation 117:2580-2. 2008
  34. ncbi request reprint Asymmetric paternalism to improve health behaviors
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
    JAMA 298:2415-7. 2007
  35. pmc Accounting for apparent "reverse" racial disparities in Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)-based medical care: influence of out-of-VA care
    Andrea D Gurmankin
    Philadelphia Pittsburgh VA Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:2076-8. 2004
    ..Among exclusive VA users, Blacks had higher rates of urology referrals and prostate biopsies compared with Whites. However, these racial differences were attenuated when care obtained outside the VA also was considered...

Research Grants9

  1. Financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Impact of resident work hour rules on errors and quality
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this study will be central to any future efforts to reduce errors in teaching hospitals through resident work hour reform. ..
  3. Financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  4. Work Hour Regulation for Physician Trainees: Educational and Clinical Outcomes
    Kevin G Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....