Kevin G Volpp

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The effect of increases in HMO penetration and changes in payer mix on in-hospital mortality and treatment patterns for acute myocardial infarction
    Kevin G M Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Hospital, and Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104 6021, USA
    Am J Manag Care 10:505-12. 2004
  2. pmc Volume-based referral for cardiovascular procedures in the United States: a cross-sectional regression analysis
    Andrew J Epstein
    Division of Health Policy and Administration, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 5:42. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin G Volpp
    CHERP, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University and Woodland Ave, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:12-8. 2006
  4. pmc P4P4P: an agenda for research on pay-for-performance for patients
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Incentives, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 28:206-14. 2009
  5. pmc The effect of market reform on racial differences in hospital mortality
    Kevin G M Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:1198-202. 2006
  6. pmc A test of financial incentives to improve warfarin adherence
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:272. 2008
  7. pmc Teaching hospital financial status and patient outcomes following ACGME duty hour reform
    Amol S Navathe
    Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Serv Res 48:476-98. 2013
  8. ncbi request reprint Mortality among patients in VA hospitals in the first 2 years following ACGME resident duty hour reform
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA 298:984-92. 2007
  9. pmc Did duty hour reform lead to better outcomes among the highest risk patients?
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:1149-55. 2009
  10. pmc Prolonged hospital stay and the resident duty hour rules of 2003
    Jeffrey H Silber
    Center for Outcomes Research, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Med Care 47:1191-200. 2009

Detail Information

Publications48

  1. ncbi request reprint The effect of increases in HMO penetration and changes in payer mix on in-hospital mortality and treatment patterns for acute myocardial infarction
    Kevin G M Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Hospital, and Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104 6021, USA
    Am J Manag Care 10:505-12. 2004
    ..To determine whether changes in health maintenance organization (HMO) penetration or payer mix affected in-hospital mortality and treatment patterns of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
  2. pmc Volume-based referral for cardiovascular procedures in the United States: a cross-sectional regression analysis
    Andrew J Epstein
    Division of Health Policy and Administration, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 5:42. 2005
    ..In addition to hospital risk-adjusted mortality standards, the Leapfrog Group recommends annual hospital procedure minimums of 450 for CABG and 400 for PCI to reduce procedure-associated mortality...
  3. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin G Volpp
    CHERP, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University and Woodland Ave, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:12-8. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether modest financial incentives increase the rate of smoking cessation program enrollment, completion, and quit rates in a outpatient clinical setting...
  4. pmc P4P4P: an agenda for research on pay-for-performance for patients
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Incentives, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 28:206-14. 2009
    ..Patient-targeted incentives have great potential, and systematic testing will help determine how they can best be used to improve population health...
  5. pmc The effect of market reform on racial differences in hospital mortality
    Kevin G M Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:1198-202. 2006
    ....
  6. pmc A test of financial incentives to improve warfarin adherence
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:272. 2008
    ..Novel methods are needed to improve adherence for warfarin. We conducted two pilot studies to determine whether a lottery-based daily financial incentive is feasible and improves warfarin adherence and anticoagulation control...
  7. pmc Teaching hospital financial status and patient outcomes following ACGME duty hour reform
    Amol S Navathe
    Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Serv Res 48:476-98. 2013
    ..To examine whether hospital financial health was associated with differential changes in outcomes after implementation of 2003 ACGME duty hour regulations...
  8. ncbi request reprint Mortality among patients in VA hospitals in the first 2 years following ACGME resident duty hour reform
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA 298:984-92. 2007
    ..The association of these changes with mortality among hospitalized patients has not been well established...
  9. pmc Did duty hour reform lead to better outcomes among the highest risk patients?
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:1149-55. 2009
    ..Earlier work demonstrated that ACGME duty hour reform did not adversely affect mortality, with slight improvement noted among specific subgroups...
  10. pmc Prolonged hospital stay and the resident duty hour rules of 2003
    Jeffrey H Silber
    Center for Outcomes Research, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Med Care 47:1191-200. 2009
    ..Resident duty hour reforms of 2003 had the potential to create a major impact on the delivery of inpatient care...
  11. doi request reprint A randomized trial of a three-hour protected nap period in a medicine training program: sleep, alertness, and patient outcomes
    Judy A Shea
    Dr Shea is professor of medicine clinician educator and associate dean of medical education research, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Dr Dinges is professor of psychology in psychiatry and chief of the division of sleep and chronobiology, Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Dr Small is associate professor, Department of Statistics, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Dr Basner is assistant professor of sleep and chronobiology in psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Mr Zhu is assistant director of data analytics, LDI Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Ms Norton is research project manager, CHERP, Philadelphia VA Medical Center, and CHIBE, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Mr Ecker is a senior information technology project leader, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Ms Novak was research coordinator, CHERP, Philadelphia VA Medical Center, and CHIBE, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, London WC1E 7HT
    Acad Med 89:452-9. 2014
    ..The authors evaluated intern and patient outcomes associated with protected nocturnal nap periods of three hours that are personnel neutral...
  12. pmc Teaching hospital five-year mortality trends in the wake of duty hour reforms
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veteran s Administration Hospital, 1120 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 28:1048-55. 2013
    ..While previous studies showed no systematic impacts in the first 2 years post-reform, the impact on mortality in subsequent years has not been examined...
  13. pmc Hospital teaching intensity, patient race, and surgical outcomes
    Jeffrey H Silber
    Center for Outcomes Research, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 3535 Market St, Ste 1029, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Surg 144:113-20; discussion 121. 2009
    ....
  14. pmc Short- and long-term mortality after an acute illness for elderly whites and blacks
    Daniel Polsky
    VA Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Department of General Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Serv Res 43:1388-402. 2008
    ..To estimate racial differences in mortality at 30 days and up to 2 years following a hospital admission for the elderly with common medical conditions...
  15. pmc The Hospital Compare mortality model and the volume-outcome relationship
    Jeffrey H Silber
    Center for Outcomes Research, 3535 Market Street, Suite 1029, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Serv Res 45:1148-67. 2010
    ..We ask whether Medicare's Hospital Compare random effects model correctly assesses acute myocardial infarction (AMI) hospital mortality rates when there is a volume-outcome relationship...
  16. pmc Internal medicine trainees' views of training adequacy and duty hours restrictions in 2009
    Judy A Shea
    Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Acad Med 87:889-94. 2012
    ....
  17. doi request reprint A randomized, controlled trial of financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:699-709. 2009
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Failure-to-rescue: comparing definitions to measure quality of care
    Jeffrey H Silber
    Center for Outcomes Research, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Med Care 45:918-25. 2007
    ..This study examines the reliability and validity of different FTR measures currently in use...
  19. doi request reprint Assessing the effects of the 2003 resident duty hours reform on internal medicine board scores
    Jeffrey H Silber
    Dr Silber is professor, Departments of Pediatrics and Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine professor, Department of Health Care Management, The Wharton School director, Center for Outcomes Research, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and senior fellow, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Dr Romano is professor of medicine and pediatrics and director, Primary Care Outcomes Research Faculty Development Program, Division of General Medicine and Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California Dr Itani is professor, Department of Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, and chief of surgery, VA Boston Health Care System and Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts Dr Rosen is professor, Department of Health Policy and Management, Boston University School of Public Health, affiliated with the Center for Organization, Leadership and Management Research, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts Dr Small is associate professor, Department of Statistics, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Dr Lipner is senior vice president of evaluation, Research and Development, American Board of Internal Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Dr Bosk is professor, Departments of Sociology and Medical Ethics and Health Policy, and Senior Fellow, Royal Perth Hospital
    Acad Med 89:644-51. 2014
    ..To determine whether the 2003 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) duty hours reform affected medical knowledge as reflected by written board scores for internal medicine (IM) residents...
  20. pmc Effect of a protected sleep period on hours slept during extended overnight in-hospital duty hours among medical interns: a randomized trial
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia VA Medical Center, 1120 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA 308:2208-17. 2012
    ..A 2009 Institute of Medicine report recommended protected sleep periods for medicine trainees on extended overnight shifts, a position reinforced by new Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requirements...
  21. pmc Anticipated consequences of the 2011 duty hours standards: views of internal medicine and surgery program directors
    Judy A Shea
    Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Acad Med 87:895-903. 2012
    ..To assess internal medicine (IM) and surgery program directors' views of the likely effects of the 2011 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education duty hours regulations...
  22. pmc Financial incentive-based approaches for weight loss: a randomized trial
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 300:2631-7. 2008
    ..Identifying effective obesity treatment is both a clinical challenge and a public health priority due to the health consequences of obesity...
  23. doi request reprint A longitudinal analysis of the impact of hospital service line profitability on the likelihood of readmission
    Amol S Navathe
    Department of Health Care Management, The Wharton School, The University of Pennsylvania, and Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veteran s Administration Hospital, Philadelphia, PA 19146, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 69:414-31. 2012
    ....
  24. pmc Residency training at a crossroads: duty-hour standards 2010
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, USA
    Ann Intern Med 153:826-8. 2010
    ..A more flexible, dynamic policy that emphasizes ongoing testing and evaluation would be more likely to achieve improvements in clinical and educational outcomes...
  25. doi request reprint The impact of price discounts and calorie messaging on beverage consumption: a multi-site field study
    J Jane S Jue
    Department of Veterans Affairs and Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics, 1301 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Prev Med 55:629-33. 2012
    ..To examine the efficacy of alternative approaches for shifting consumers toward zero calorie beverages. We examined the effect of price discounts and novel presentations of calorie information on sales of beverages...
  26. pmc Effect of work-hours regulations on intensive care unit mortality in United States teaching hospitals
    Meeta Prasad
    Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine MP, JDC, JMK, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Crit Care Med 37:2564-9. 2009
    ..The United States instituted restrictions on resident work-hours in July 2003. The clinical impact of this reform on critically ill patients is unknown...
  27. ncbi request reprint Paying people to lose weight and stop smoking
    Kevin G Volpp
    LDI Center for Health Incentives University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine the Wharton School and Philadelphia VA Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    LDI Issue Brief 14:1-4. 2009
    ..This Issue Brief explores the use of financial incentives to motivate and sustain smoking cessation and weight loss...
  28. pmc Lottery-based versus fixed incentives to increase clinicians' response to surveys
    Scott D Halpern
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 723 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Health Serv Res 46:1663-74. 2011
    ..To compare the effects of lottery-based and fixed incentives on clinicians' response to surveys...
  29. ncbi request reprint Mortality among hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries in the first 2 years following ACGME resident duty hour reform
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA 298:975-83. 2007
    ..The association of duty hour reform with mortality among patients in teaching hospitals nationally has not been well established...
  30. pmc The effects of price competition and reduced subsidies for uncompensated care on hospital mortality
    Kevin G M Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, PA 19104, USA
    Health Serv Res 40:1056-77. 2005
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Did postoperative mortality increase after the implementation of the Medicare Balanced Budget Act?
    Meena Seshamani
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6021, USA
    Med Care 44:527-33. 2006
    ..The Balanced Budget Act (BBA) of 1997 was a cost-saving measure designed to reduce Medicare reimbursements by $116.4 billion from 1998 to 2002. Resulting financial strain could adversely affect the quality of patient care in hospitals...
  32. doi request reprint Building physician work hour regulations from first principles and best evidence
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, and Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 300:1197-9. 2008
  33. pmc Market reform in New Jersey and the effect on mortality from acute myocardial infarction
    Kevin G M Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Hospital, and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 19104 6021, USA
    Health Serv Res 38:515-33. 2003
    ....
  34. doi request reprint Default options in advance directives influence how patients set goals for end-of-life care
    Scott D Halpern
    Fostering Improvement in End of Life Decision Science Program, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 32:408-17. 2013
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint On the Way to Health
    David A Asch
    LDI Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    LDI Issue Brief 17:1-4. 2012
    ..This Issue Brief describes the development and use of a new web-based IT platform, Way to Health, to deliver and evaluate behavioral interventions to improve health...
  36. pmc To leave or to lie? Are concerns about a shift-work mentality and eroding professionalism as a result of duty-hour rules justified?
    Julia E Szymczak
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Milbank Q 88:350-81. 2010
    ..In this qualitative study, we explore how medical and surgical residents perceive and respond to DHR by examining the "local" organizational culture in which their work is embedded...
  37. pmc Impact of a prescription copayment increase on lipid-lowering medication adherence in veterans
    Jalpa A Doshi
    Center for Health Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Circulation 119:390-7. 2009
    ..We examined the impact of the copayment increase on lipid-lowering medication adherence...
  38. ncbi request reprint Market reform in New Jersey and quality of care: a cautionary tale
    Kevin G M Volpp
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    LDI Issue Brief 8:1-4. 2003
    ..The findings serve as a reminder that cost-constraining reforms may reduce the quality of care, particularly for uninsured and other vulnerable populations...
  39. doi request reprint Behavioral economics holds potential to deliver better results for patients, insurers, and employers
    George Loewenstein
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 32:1244-50. 2013
    ....
  40. pmc Leveraging insights from behavioral economics to increase the value of health-care service provision
    Mitesh S Patel
    Department of Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, 100 Centrex, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 27:1544-7. 2012
    ....
  41. pmc Peer mentoring and financial incentives to improve glucose control in African American veterans: a randomized trial
    Judith A Long
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, USA
    Ann Intern Med 156:416-24. 2012
    ..A peer mentorship model could be a scalable approach to improving control in this population and reducing disparities in diabetic outcomes...
  42. doi request reprint The law, policy, and ethics of employers' use of financial incentives to improve health
    Kristin M Madison
    Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 39:450-68. 2011
    ..The ACA sets the stage for a broad-based research and implementation agenda through which we can learn to structure incentive programs to not only promote public health but also address prevalent concerns...
  43. ncbi request reprint Effect of cuts in Medicare reimbursement on process and outcome of care for acute myocardial infarction patients
    Kevin G Volpp
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Circulation 112:2268-75. 2005
    ....
  44. pmc Is thirty-day hospital mortality really lower for black veterans compared with white veterans?
    Kevin G Volpp
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University and Woodland Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Serv Res 42:1613-31. 2007
    ....
  45. pmc Patient opinions regarding 'pay for performance for patients'
    Judith A Long
    Philadelphia VA Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:1647-52. 2008
    ..Many large employers and payers are turning to pay for performance for patients (P4P4P) to reduce health costs and improve the health of their covered populations. How these programs may be perceived by patients is unknown...
  46. ncbi request reprint Internal medicine and general surgery residents' attitudes about the ACGME duty hours regulations: a multicenter study
    Jennifer S Myers
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Acad Med 81:1052-8. 2006
    ..To assess internal medicine and general surgery residents' attitudes about the effects of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education duty hours regulations on medical errors, quality of patient care, and residency experiences...
  47. pmc Hospital coronary artery bypass graft surgery volume and patient mortality, 1998-2000
    Saif S Rathore
    Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    Ann Surg 239:110-7. 2004
    ..To evaluate the association between annual hospital coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery volume and in-hospital mortality...
  48. ncbi request reprint Comparing the standard rating scale and the magnifier scale for assessing risk perceptions
    Andrea D Gurmankin
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:560-70. 2005
    ..The authors tested whether the magnifier scale lowers risk perceptions for low-probability (in 0%-1% magnifying glass section of scale) but not high-probability (>1%) events compared to a standard rating scale (SRS)...