J S Volek

Summary

Affiliation: University of Connecticut
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Effects of an 8-week weight-loss program on cardiovascular disease risk factors and regional body composition
    J S Volek
    The Human Performance Laboratory, The University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269 1110, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:585-92. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Strength nutrition
    Jeff S Volek
    The Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, 2095 Hillside Road, Unit 1110, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Curr Sports Med Rep 2:189-93. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint L-Carnitine L-tartrate supplementation favorably affects markers of recovery from exercise stress
    Jeff S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 282:E474-82. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint An isoenergetic very low carbohydrate diet improves serum HDL cholesterol and triacylglycerol concentrations, the total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol ratio and postprandial pipemic responses compared with a low fat diet in normal weight, normolipidemic w
    Jeff S Volek
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    J Nutr 133:2756-61. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Increasing fluid milk favorably affects bone mineral density responses to resistance training in adolescent boys
    Jeff S Volek
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 103:1353-6. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Very-low-carbohydrate weight-loss diets revisited
    Jeff S Volek
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269 1110, USA
    Cleve Clin J Med 69:849, 853, 856-8 passim. 2002
  7. ncbi request reprint Comparison of a very low-carbohydrate and low-fat diet on fasting lipids, LDL subclasses, insulin resistance, and postprandial lipemic responses in overweight women
    Jeff S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 1110, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 23:177-84. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint Hormonal responses to consecutive days of heavy-resistance exercise with or without nutritional supplementation
    W J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana 47306, USA
    J Appl Physiol 85:1544-55. 1998
  9. ncbi request reprint Influence of compression therapy on symptoms following soft tissue injury from maximal eccentric exercise
    W J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Ind 47306, USA
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 31:282-90. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Effects of heavy-resistance training on hormonal response patterns in younger vs. older men
    W J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana 47306, USA
    J Appl Physiol 87:982-92. 1999

Detail Information

Publications103 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint Effects of an 8-week weight-loss program on cardiovascular disease risk factors and regional body composition
    J S Volek
    The Human Performance Laboratory, The University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269 1110, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:585-92. 2002
    ..To determine the influence of weight loss on multiple cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors...
  2. ncbi request reprint Strength nutrition
    Jeff S Volek
    The Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, 2095 Hillside Road, Unit 1110, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Curr Sports Med Rep 2:189-93. 2003
    ..To date, the most promising strategies to augment gains in muscle size and strength appear to be consumption of protein-carbohydrate calories before and after resistance exercise, and creatine supplementation...
  3. ncbi request reprint L-Carnitine L-tartrate supplementation favorably affects markers of recovery from exercise stress
    Jeff S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 282:E474-82. 2002
    ..The amount of muscle disruption from MRI scans during LCLT was 41-45% of the placebo area. These data indicate that LCLT supplementation is effective in assisting recovery from high-repetition squat exercise...
  4. ncbi request reprint An isoenergetic very low carbohydrate diet improves serum HDL cholesterol and triacylglycerol concentrations, the total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol ratio and postprandial pipemic responses compared with a low fat diet in normal weight, normolipidemic w
    Jeff S Volek
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    J Nutr 133:2756-61. 2003
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Increasing fluid milk favorably affects bone mineral density responses to resistance training in adolescent boys
    Jeff S Volek
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 103:1353-6. 2003
    ..Compared with juice, the milk group had a significantly greater increase in bone mineral density (0.014 vs 0.028 g/cm(2)). Increasing intake of milk in physically active adolescent boys may enhance bone health...
  6. ncbi request reprint Very-low-carbohydrate weight-loss diets revisited
    Jeff S Volek
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269 1110, USA
    Cleve Clin J Med 69:849, 853, 856-8 passim. 2002
    ..We believe that very-low-carbohydrate diets merit further study for weight loss, and that criticisms of these diets lack scientific evidence...
  7. ncbi request reprint Comparison of a very low-carbohydrate and low-fat diet on fasting lipids, LDL subclasses, insulin resistance, and postprandial lipemic responses in overweight women
    Jeff S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 1110, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 23:177-84. 2004
    ..The primary purpose of this study was to compare a very low-carbohydrate and a low-fat diet on fasting blood lipids, LDL subclasses, postprandial lipemia, and insulin resistance in overweight and obese women...
  8. ncbi request reprint Hormonal responses to consecutive days of heavy-resistance exercise with or without nutritional supplementation
    W J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana 47306, USA
    J Appl Physiol 85:1544-55. 1998
    ..These data indicate that protein-carbohydrate supplementation before and after training can alter the metabolic and hormonal responses to consecutive days of heavy-resistance exercise...
  9. ncbi request reprint Influence of compression therapy on symptoms following soft tissue injury from maximal eccentric exercise
    W J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Ind 47306, USA
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 31:282-90. 2001
    ..A between groups design was used to compare recovery following eccentric muscle damage under 2 experimental conditions...
  10. ncbi request reprint Effects of heavy-resistance training on hormonal response patterns in younger vs. older men
    W J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana 47306, USA
    J Appl Physiol 87:982-92. 1999
    ..These data indicate that older men do respond with an enhanced hormonal profile in the early phase of a resistance training program, but the response is different from that of younger men...
  11. ncbi request reprint Influence of exercise training on physiological and performance changes with weight loss in men
    W J Kraemer
    Department of Kinesiology, Noll Physiological Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:1320-9. 1999
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the physiological effects of a weight-loss dietary regimen with or without exercise...
  12. ncbi request reprint Muscle recruitment patterns regulate physiological responses during exercise of the same intensity
    M R Deschenes
    Department of Kinesiology, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia 23187 8795, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 279:R2229-36. 2000
    ..These data indicated that the more pronounced muscle activation pattern associated with pedaling at 40 rpm resulted in greater physiological and psychophysiological stress than that observed at 80 rpm even though VO(2) was the same...
  13. ncbi request reprint Safety measures of L-carnitine L-tartrate supplementation in healthy men
    M R Rubin
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 15:486-90. 2001
    ..The results of this study suggest that LCLT, when used as a dietary supplement, has no adverse effects on metabolic and hematological safety variables in normally healthy men...
  14. ncbi request reprint Effects of a high-fat diet on postabsorptive and postprandial testosterone responses to a fat-rich meal
    J S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Metabolism 50:1351-5. 2001
    ..Alternative mechanisms (eg, higher uptake at the receptor level of cells) other than chylomicron-induced or insulin-induced inhibition of steroidogenesis are likely responsible for the reduction in TT and FT after a fat-rich meal...
  15. ncbi request reprint Resistance training combined with bench-step aerobics enhances women's health profile
    W J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:259-69. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the comprehensive physiological alterations that take place during the combination of bench-step aerobics (BSA) and resistance exercise training...
  16. ncbi request reprint Low-volume circuit versus high-volume periodized resistance training in women
    J O Marx
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:635-43. 2001
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint A ketogenic diet favorably affects serum biomarkers for cardiovascular disease in normal-weight men
    Matthew J Sharman
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269 1110, USA
    J Nutr 132:1879-85. 2002
    ..The results suggest that a short-term ketogenic diet does not have a deleterious effect on CVD risk profile and may improve the lipid disorders characteristic of atherogenic dyslipidemia...
  18. ncbi request reprint Neuromuscular disturbance outlasts other symptoms of exercise-induced muscle damage
    M R Deschenes
    Department of Kinesiology, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187 8795, USA
    J Neurol Sci 174:92-9. 2000
    ..While other symptoms of exercise-induced muscle damage dissipate within 7 days, neuromuscular perturbation persists for at least 10 days...
  19. ncbi request reprint Responses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrate
    Barry A Spiering
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:259-64. 2007
    ..Use of LCLT appears to attenuate metabolic stress and the hypoxic chain of events leading to muscle damage after exercise...
  20. ncbi request reprint The effect of heavy resistance exercise on the circadian rhythm of salivary testosterone in men
    W J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 84:13-8. 2001
    ..The results of this investigation indicate that resistance exercise does not affect the circadian pattern of salivary testosterone secretion over a 16-h waking period in resistance-trained men...
  21. ncbi request reprint The effects of amino acid supplementation on muscular performance during resistance training overreaching
    Nicholas A Ratamess
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 17:250-8. 2003
    ..In addition, an initial high-volume, moderate-intensity phase of overreaching followed by a higher intensity, moderate-volume phase appears to be very effective for enhancing muscle strength in resistance-trained men...
  22. doi request reprint Carbohydrate restriction (with or without additional dietary cholesterol provided by eggs) reduces insulin resistance and plasma leptin without modifying appetite hormones in adult men
    Joseph Ratliff
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Nutr Res 29:262-8. 2009
    ..001) after the intervention. These results indicate that inclusion of eggs in the diet (additional dietary cholesterol) did not modify the multiple beneficial effects of CRD on insulin resistance and appetite hormones...
  23. ncbi request reprint Androgen receptor content following heavy resistance exercise in men
    Nicholas A Ratamess
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Unit 1110, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 93:35-42. 2005
    ..This may have been due to greater protein catabolism associated with the higher level of stress following higher-volume resistance exercise...
  24. doi request reprint Low-carbohydrate diet disrupts the association between insulin resistance and weight gain
    Jose O Leite
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Metabolism 58:1116-22. 2009
    ..The association between weight gain and insulin resistance seems to be dependent on high carbohydrate intake...
  25. ncbi request reprint The influence of muscle action on the acute growth hormone response to resistance exercise and short-term detraining
    W J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Growth Horm IGF Res 11:75-83. 2001
    ..These data indicate that GH is sensitive to muscle action type with differential responses observed with resistance exercise after short-term detraining...
  26. ncbi request reprint Performance, biochemical, and endocrine changes during a competitive football game
    Jay R Hoffman
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, 08628 0718, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1845-53. 2002
    ..In addition, biochemical and endocrine responses also were examined to assess the physiological stress imposed by this competitive contest...
  27. doi request reprint l-Carnitine l-tartrate supplementation favorably affects biochemical markers of recovery from physical exertion in middle-aged men and women
    Jen Yu Ho
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Metabolism 59:1190-9. 2010
    ..These findings support our previous findings of l-carnitine in younger people that such supplementation can reduce chemical damage to tissues after exercise and optimize the processes of muscle tissue repair and remodeling...
  28. ncbi request reprint Influence of compression hosiery on physiological responses to standing fatigue in women
    W J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:1849-58. 2000
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to examine the influence of various designs of commercial hosiery, which use graduated compression, on the physiological and performance responses to standing fatigue...
  29. ncbi request reprint The effects of 10 days of spaceflight on the shuttle Endeavor on predominantly fast-twitch muscles in the rat
    W J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Histochem Cell Biol 114:349-55. 2000
    ..Thus, countermeasures aimed at slowing or even preventing muscle fiber atrophy are warranted...
  30. ncbi request reprint Effects of a carbohydrate-restricted diet with and without supplemental soluble fiber on plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and other clinical markers of cardiovascular risk
    Richard J Wood
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 4017, USA
    Metabolism 56:58-67. 2007
    ..Furthermore, a CRD led to clinically important positive alterations in cardiovascular disease risk factors...
  31. ncbi request reprint Body composition and hormonal responses to a carbohydrate-restricted diet
    Jeff S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Metabolism 51:864-70. 2002
    ....
  32. doi request reprint Effects of L-carnitine L-tartrate supplementation on muscle oxygenation responses to resistance exercise
    Barry A Spiering
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 22:1130-5. 2008
    ..Enhanced oxygen consumption would explain why hypoxic stress was attenuated with LCLT supplementation...
  33. ncbi request reprint Physiological responses to short-term exercise in the heat after creatine loading
    J S Volek
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:1101-8. 2001
    ..This investigation was designed to examine the influence of creatine (Cr) supplementation on acute cardiovascular, renal, temperature, and fluid-regulatory hormonal responses to exercise for 35 min in the heat...
  34. ncbi request reprint Differential effects of exhaustive cycle ergometry on concentric and eccentric torque production
    W J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, Storrs, USA
    J Sci Med Sport 4:301-9. 2001
    ..In conclusion, a 90-second maximal cycling sprint results in a significant decline in maximal torque of both concentric and eccentric muscle actions with the greatest magnitude observed during concentric muscle actions...
  35. ncbi request reprint Effects of vitamin E supplementation on recovery from repeated bouts of resistance exercise
    Neva G Avery
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana 47306, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 17:801-9. 2003
    ..VE supplementation was not effective at attenuating putative markers of membrane damage, oxidative stress, and performance decrements after repeated bouts of whole-body concentric/eccentric resistance exercise...
  36. ncbi request reprint A combination of psyllium and plant sterols alters lipoprotein metabolism in hypercholesterolemic subjects by modifying the intravascular processing of lipoproteins and increasing LDL uptake
    Sudeep Shrestha
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Nutr 137:1165-70. 2007
    ..03). These results indicate that the hypocholesterolemic action of PSY and PS can be explained in part by modifications in the intravascular processing of lipoproteins and by increases in LDL receptor-mediated uptake...
  37. ncbi request reprint Anticipatory responses of catecholamines on muscle force production
    Duncan N French
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Unit 1110, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    J Appl Physiol 102:94-102. 2007
    ..02) for F(maintainers) than F(reducers). In conclusion, an anticipatory rise in catecholamines existed, which may be essential for optimal force production at the onset of exercise...
  38. doi request reprint Carbohydrate restriction, as a first-line dietary intervention, effectively reduces biomarkers of metabolic syndrome in Emirati adults
    Taif Al-Sarraj
    Department of Nutritional Sciences and 4Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Nutr 139:1667-76. 2009
    ..05) group than in the CRD + AHA group. Results from this study suggest that a 6-wk CRD can effectively be used as a first-line diet therapy to rapidly improve features of MetS and cardiovascular risk in adult Emirati...
  39. ncbi request reprint High-affinity growth hormone binding protein and acute heavy resistance exercise
    Martyn R Rubin
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:395-403. 2005
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to examine the influence of resistance training on circulating concentrations of growth hormone binding protein (GHBP) in response to acute heavy resistance exercise...
  40. pmc Nutritional aspects of women strength athletes
    J S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, 2095 Hillside Road, U 1110, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Br J Sports Med 40:742-8. 2006
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Hormonal responses to a 160-km race across frozen Alaska
    W J Kraemer
    University of Connecticut, Human Performance Laboratory, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 1110, USA
    Br J Sports Med 42:116-20; discussion 120. 2008
    ..Examining hormonal responses to an extreme 160-km competition across frozen Alaska provides a unique opportunity to study this intense stress...
  42. doi request reprint Effects of exercise at different times on postprandial lipemia and endothelial function
    Ricardo Silvestre
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:264-74. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of previous exercise on metabolic, hormonal, and endothelial responses to an oral fat-tolerance test (OFTT)...
  43. doi request reprint Effects of hydration state and resistance exercise on markers of muscle damage
    Linda M Yamamoto
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 22:1387-93. 2008
    ..Despite these results, athletes are encouraged to commence exercise in a euhydrated state to maximize endogenous hormonal, mechanical, and metabolic benefits...
  44. ncbi request reprint Effects of concurrent resistance and aerobic training on load-bearing performance and the Army physical fitness test
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Mil Med 169:994-9. 2004
    ..Army Physical Fitness Test performance, loaded running, and leg power responded positively to training, however, it appears there is a high degree of specificity when concurrent training regimens are implemented...
  45. ncbi request reprint The effects of carbohydrate loading on repetitive jump squat power performance
    Disa L Hatfield
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 20:167-71. 2006
    ..These data show that elevated carbohydrate intake is not needed to optimize a repetitive power-endurance performance when it is done as the first exercise in a workout...
  46. ncbi request reprint Maximal power at different percentages of one repetition maximum: influence of resistance and gender
    Gwendolyn A Thomas
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:336-42. 2007
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Lymphocyte proliferation in response to acute heavy resistance exercise in women: influence of muscle strength and total work
    K Dohi
    Laboratory for Sports Medicine, Department of Kinesiology, Center for Sports Medicine, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 85:367-73. 2001
    ..Therefore, individuals performing at the same relative exercise intensity (i.e. 10 RM) in a resistance exercise protocol may have different immune responses stemming from differences in absolute total work performance...
  48. doi request reprint Carbohydrate restriction favorably alters lipoprotein metabolism in Emirati subjects classified with the metabolic syndrome
    T Al-Sarraj
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 20:720-6. 2010
    ..Carbohydrate restriction (CR) has been shown to improve dyslipidemias associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). We evaluated the effects of CR on lipoprotein subfractions and apolipoproteins in Emirati adults classified with the MetS...
  49. ncbi request reprint The effects of a 10-kilometer run on muscle strength and power
    Ana L Gomez
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 16:184-91. 2002
    ..From a practical perspective, it appears that a minimum of 48 hours should be utilized between multiple trials in 10-km races at track and field meets...
  50. doi request reprint Endocrine response patterns to acute unilateral and bilateral resistance exercise in men
    Matthew J Migiano
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 24:128-34. 2010
    ..It is important to pay attention to the amount of muscle mass utilized in a resistance exercise protocol to optimize endocrine signaling...
  51. ncbi request reprint Comparison of low fat and low carbohydrate diets on circulating fatty acid composition and markers of inflammation
    Cassandra E Forsythe
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, 2095 Hillside Road, Unit 1110, Storrs, CT, 06269 1110, USA
    Lipids 43:65-77. 2008
    ..In summary, a very low carbohydrate diet resulted in profound alterations in fatty acid composition and reduced inflammation compared to a low fat diet...
  52. ncbi request reprint The impact of velocity of movement on performance factors in resistance exercise
    Disa L Hatfield
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 20:760-6. 2006
    ..6 +/- 46.4 W). VOL speed elicited higher total volume than the VS velocity. The results of this study indicate that a VS velocity may not elicit appropriate levels of force, power, or volume to optimize strength and athletic performance...
  53. ncbi request reprint Weight loss associated with reduced intake of carbohydrate reduces the atherogenicity of LDL in premenopausal women
    Ingrid Lofgren
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Metabolism 54:1133-41. 2005
    ..This study suggests that moderate weight loss (<5% of body weight) associated with reduced caloric intake, lower dietary carbohydrate, and increased physical activity impacts the atherogenicity of LDL...
  54. ncbi request reprint Endurance capacity and high-intensity exercise performance responses to a high fat diet
    Jesse Fleming
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 13:466-78. 2003
    ..These deleterious effects on exercise performance may be accounted for in part by a reduction in body mass and/or increased ratings of perceived exertion...
  55. ncbi request reprint Responses of growth hormone aggregates to different intermittent exercise intensities
    Martyn R Rubin
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 89:166-70. 2003
    ....
  56. doi request reprint Effect of resistance exercise on muscle steroidogenesis
    Jakob L Vingren
    Human Performance Laboratory, Dept of Kinesiology, 2095 Hillside Road, Unit 1110, Univ of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    J Appl Physiol 105:1754-60. 2008
    ..This study expands on the current knowledge obtained from animal studies by examining resting and postexercise concentrations of muscle testosterone and steroidogenic enzymes in humans...
  57. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrate restriction reduces lipids and inflammation and prevents atherosclerosis in Guinea pigs
    Moises Torres-Gonzalez
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Atheroscler Thromb 15:235-43. 2008
    ..Guinea pigs were used to evaluate the effects of chol and CR on aortic cholesterol accumulation, mechanical properties of aortas and cytokine production...
  58. ncbi request reprint Physiological and performance responses to tournament wrestling
    W J Kraemer
    Laboratory for Sports Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:1367-78. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological and performance responses to a simulated freestyle wrestling tournament after typical weight loss techniques used by amateur wrestlers...
  59. pmc Eggs modulate the inflammatory response to carbohydrate restricted diets in overweight men
    Joseph C Ratliff
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 5:6. 2008
    ..Here, as a follow up of our previous study, we examined the effects of eggs (a source of both dietary cholesterol and lutein) on adiponectin, a marker of insulin sensitivity, and on inflammatory markers in the context of a CRD...
  60. doi request reprint Eggs distinctly modulate plasma carotenoid and lipoprotein subclasses in adult men following a carbohydrate-restricted diet
    Gisella Mutungi
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Nutr Biochem 21:261-7. 2010
    ..These results indicate that CR favorably alters VLDL metabolism and apolipoprotein concentrations, while the components of the egg yolk favor the formation of larger LDL and HDL leading to an increase in plasma lutein and zeaxanthin...
  61. pmc Ergogenic effects of betaine supplementation on strength and power performance
    Elaine C Lee
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 7:27. 2010
    ..We investigated the ergogenic effects of betaine (B) supplementation on strength and power performance...
  62. doi request reprint Carbohydrate restriction has a more favorable impact on the metabolic syndrome than a low fat diet
    Jeff S Volek
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, 2095 Hillside Road, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Lipids 44:297-309. 2009
    ..The results support the use of dietary carbohydrate restriction as an effective approach to improve features of MetS and cardiovascular risk...
  63. doi request reprint Recovery from a national collegiate athletic association division I football game: muscle damage and hormonal status
    William J Kraemer
    Department of Kinesiology, Division of Athletics, Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 23:2-10. 2009
    ....
  64. ncbi request reprint Effect of adding exercise to a diet containing glucomannan
    William J Kraemer
    Department of Kinesiology, Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Metabolism 56:1149-58. 2007
    ..Addition of a resistance and endurance exercise training program to a glucomannan diet regimen significantly improved measures of body composition, HDL-C, and TC/HDL-C ratio...
  65. doi request reprint Influences of a dietary supplement in combination with an exercise and diet regimen on adipocytokines and adiposity in women who are overweight
    Maren S Fragala
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 06269, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 105:665-72. 2009
    ..05 for S vs. P). Supplementation with a proprietary blend of modified cellulose and cetylated fatty acids during an 8-week weight loss program exhibited favorable effects on adipocytokines and regional body composition...
  66. doi request reprint Effects of carnitine supplementation on flow-mediated dilation and vascular inflammatory responses to a high-fat meal in healthy young adults
    Jeff S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    Am J Cardiol 102:1413-7. 2008
    ..In conclusion, consistent with other work showing a beneficial effect of carnitine on vascular function, these findings indicate that carnitine supplementation in healthy individuals improves postprandial FMD after a high-fat meal...
  67. ncbi request reprint Effects of a multi-nutrient supplement on exercise performance and hormonal responses to resistance exercise
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 101:637-46. 2007
    ..These responses indicate that MF supplementation augments the quality of an acute bout of resistance exercise thereby increasing the endocrine signaling and recovery following heavy resistance exercise...
  68. ncbi request reprint Influence of oral contraceptive use on growth hormone in vivo bioactivity following resistance exercise: responses of molecular mass variants
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Department of Physiology and Neurobiology, University of Connecticut Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Growth Horm IGF Res 18:238-44. 2008
    ..However, OC use only increased biological activity of GH in one of two bioassays. These data demonstrated that GH concentrations at rest and following exercise are assay-dependent...
  69. doi request reprint Effects of dietary carbohydrate restriction versus low-fat diet on flow-mediated dilation
    Jeff S Volek
    Department of Kinesiology and the Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Metabolism 58:1769-77. 2009
    ..9% to 5.2% in the LFD group (P = .004). These findings show that a 12-week low-carbohydrate diet improves postprandial vascular function more than a LFD in individuals with atherogenic dyslipidemia...
  70. doi request reprint Carbohydrate restriction and dietary cholesterol distinctly affect plasma lipids and lipoprotein subfractions in adult guinea pigs
    Moises Torres-Gonzalez
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Nutr Biochem 19:856-63. 2008
    ..The results also indicate that the atherogenicity of lipoproteins induced by high dietary cholesterol is attenuated by carbohydrate restriction in guinea pigs...
  71. ncbi request reprint Weight loss leads to reductions in inflammatory biomarkers after a very-low-carbohydrate diet and a low-fat diet in overweight men
    Matthew J Sharman
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, 2095 Hillside Road, Unit 1110, Storrs, CT 06269 01110, USA
    Clin Sci (Lond) 107:365-9. 2004
    ..These data suggest that, in the short-term, weight loss is primarily the driving force underlying the reductions in most of the inflammatory biomarkers...
  72. ncbi request reprint Diet and exercise for weight loss: a review of current issues
    Jeff S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 1110, USA
    Sports Med 35:1-9. 2005
    ..Perhaps the most challenging, but rewarding, question that faces researchers is how to predict individual responses to diet and exercise interventions...
  73. ncbi request reprint Effects of treatment with a cetylated fatty acid topical cream on static postural stability and plantar pressure distribution in patients with knee osteoarthritis
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 19:115-21. 2005
    ..Such over-the-counter treatment may help improve the exercise trainability of people with OA...
  74. ncbi request reprint Scientific basis and practical aspects of creatine supplementation for athletes
    Jeff S Volek
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    Nutrition 20:609-14. 2004
    ..In summary, the predominance of research indicates that creatine supplementation represents a safe, effective, and legal method to enhance muscle size and strength responses to resistance training...
  75. ncbi request reprint Responses of plasma proenkephalin peptide F in rats following 14 days of spaceflight
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 75:114-7. 2004
    ..Proenkephalin peptide F [107-140] is related to the enhancement of immune function, while microgravity has been shown to cause immuno-suppression. We investigated the physiological response of proenkephalin peptide F to microgravity...
  76. ncbi request reprint Cortitrol supplementation reduces serum cortisol responses to physical stress
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Metabolism 54:657-68. 2005
    ....
  77. ncbi request reprint Effect of a cetylated fatty acid topical cream on functional mobility and quality of life of patients with osteoarthritis
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, School of Medicine, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 1110, USA
    J Rheumatol 31:767-74. 2004
    ..To examine the effect of a topical cream consisting of cetylated fatty acids on functional performance in patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis (OA) of one or both knees...
  78. ncbi request reprint Influence of nutrition on responses to resistance training
    Jeff S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:689-96. 2004
    ..The pathway of adaptation is proposed as a model to assist in integrating research findings from the current body of literature and future studies examining various diet and resistance exercise configurations...
  79. ncbi request reprint Very low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets affect fasting lipids and postprandial lipemia differently in overweight men
    Matthew J Sharman
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    J Nutr 134:880-5. 2004
    ..05)...
  80. ncbi request reprint The effects of creatine supplementation on muscular performance and body composition responses to short-term resistance training overreaching
    Jeff S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 91:628-37. 2004
    ..In addition, creatine supplementation appears to be effective for maintaining muscular performance during the initial phase of high-volume resistance training overreaching that otherwise results in small performance decrements...
  81. ncbi request reprint Androgenic responses to resistance exercise: effects of feeding and L-carnitine
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1288-96. 2006
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of 3 wk of L-carnitine L-tartrate (LCLT) supplementation and post-resistance-exercise (RE) feeding on hormonal and androgen receptor (AR) responses...
  82. ncbi request reprint Effects of chromium supplementation on glycogen synthesis after high-intensity exercise
    Jeff S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:2102-9. 2006
    ..Chromium enhances insulin signaling and insulin-mediated glucose uptake in cultured cells. We investigated the effect of chromium on glycogen synthesis and insulin signaling in humans...
  83. ncbi request reprint Physiological changes with periodized resistance training in women tennis players
    William J Kraemer
    Deaprtment of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:157-68. 2003
    ..To compare the physiological and performance adaptations between periodized and nonperiodized resistance training in women collegiate tennis athletes...
  84. ncbi request reprint The effects of L-carnitine L-tartrate supplementation on hormonal responses to resistance exercise and recovery
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 17:455-62. 2003
    ..These data support the use of LCLT as a recovery supplement for hypoxic exercise and lend further insights into the hormonal mechanisms that may help to mediate quicker recovery...
  85. ncbi request reprint Effects of resistance training on neuromuscular junction morphology
    M R Deschenes
    Department of Kinesiology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia 23187 8795, USA
    Muscle Nerve 23:1576-81. 2000
    ..The data presented here indicate that the stimulus of resistance training was sufficiently potent to remodel NMJ structure, and that this effect cannot be attributed to muscle fiber hypertrophy or fiber type conversion...
  86. ncbi request reprint Influence of muscle strength and total work on exercise-induced plasma growth hormone isoforms in women
    W J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Conneticut, USA
    J Sci Med Sport 6:295-306. 2003
    ....
  87. ncbi request reprint High intake of cholesterol results in less atherogenic low-density lipoprotein particles in men and women independent of response classification
    Kristin L Herron
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    Metabolism 53:823-30. 2004
    ....
  88. ncbi request reprint A review of low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets
    Eric C Westman
    Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Box 50, Suite 200 B Wing, 2200 West Main Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 5:476-83. 2003
    ..This review summarizes the physiology and recent clinical studies regarding this type of diet...
  89. ncbi request reprint Creatine supplementation improves muscular performance in older men
    Lincoln A Gotshalk
    Department of Health and Physical Education, University of Hawaii at Hilo, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:537-43. 2002
    ..Creatine supplementation could therefore benefit older individuals because aging is associated with a decrease in muscle strength and explosive power...
  90. ncbi request reprint Effects of creatine supplementation and resistance training on muscle strength and weightlifting performance
    Eric S Rawson
    Department of Exercise Science and Athletics, Bloomsburg University, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania 17815, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 17:822-31. 2003
    ....
  91. doi request reprint Effect of hydration state on resistance exercise-induced endocrine markers of anabolism, catabolism, and metabolism
    Daniel A Judelson
    Dept of Kinesiology, California State Univ, Fullerton, CA 92834, USA
    J Appl Physiol 105:816-24. 2008
    ..These results suggest that hypohydration can modify the hormonal and metabolic response to resistance exercise, influencing the postexercise circulatory milieu...
  92. ncbi request reprint A combination therapy including psyllium and plant sterols lowers LDL cholesterol by modifying lipoprotein metabolism in hypercholesterolemic individuals
    Sudeep Shrestha
    LipoScience Inc, Raleigh, NC 27616
    J Nutr 136:2492-7. 2006
    ..In addition, the evaluation of lipoprotein subfractions resulting from the action of the fiber and plant sterols in the intestinal lumen provides an insight on the secondary mechanisms of plasma LDL-C lowering...
  93. ncbi request reprint Serum basal hormone concentrations and muscle mass in aging women: effects of strength training and diet
    Janne Sallinen
    Dept of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 16:316-31. 2006
    ..Our results support the conclusion that nutritional counseling can contribute to the increase in the muscle cross-sectional area during prolonged strength training in aging women...
  94. ncbi request reprint The effects of ten weeks of resistance and combined plyometric/sprint training with the Meridian Elyte athletic shoe on muscular performance in women
    Nicholas A Ratamess
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, New Jersey 08628, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:882-7. 2007
    ..However, high-intensity sprint endurance at 60 m increased to a greater extent during training with the Meridian Elyte athletic shoe...
  95. ncbi request reprint Effects of strength training and nutritional counseling on metabolic health indicators in aging women
    Janne Sallinen
    Dept of Biology of Physical Activity, Univ of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Can J Appl Physiol 30:690-707. 2005
    ..Effects of strength training (ST) and nutritional counseling (NC) on metabolic health indicators were examined in 50 aging women...
  96. ncbi request reprint The effects of amino acid supplementation on hormonal responses to resistance training overreaching
    William J Kraemer
    Department of Kinesiology, Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Metabolism 55:282-91. 2006
    ..It appears that amino acid supplementation is effective for attenuating muscle strength loss during initial high-volume stress, possibly by reducing muscle damage by maintaining an anabolic environment...
  97. ncbi request reprint Protein ingestion prior to strength exercise affects blood hormones and metabolism
    Juha J Hulmi
    Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1990-7. 2005
    ..The effects of protein consumption before strength training session on blood hormones, energy metabolites, RER, and excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) were examined...
  98. ncbi request reprint The acute effects of twenty-four hours of sleep loss on the performance of national-caliber male collegiate weightlifters
    Peter A Blumert
    Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Midwestern State University, Wichita Falls, Texas 76308, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:1146-54. 2007
    ..If an athlete is in an acute period of sleep loss, as noticed by negative mood disturbances, it may be more beneficial to focus on the psychological (motivation) rather than the physiological aspect of the sport...
  99. ncbi request reprint Body size and composition of National Football League players
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 19:485-9. 2005
    ..These data provide a basic template for size profiles and differences among various positions and allow comparisons with other studies for changes in the NFL over the past 3 decades...
  100. ncbi request reprint A cetylated fatty acid topical cream with menthol reduces pain and improves functional performance in individuals with arthritis
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 19:475-80. 2005
    ..Nevertheless, our data support the use of a topical cream consisting of cetylated fatty acids (with or without menthol) for enhancing the potential for exercise training in this population...
  101. doi request reprint Replacing dietary carbohydrate with protein and fat decreases the concentrations of small LDL and the inflammatory response induced by atherogenic diets in the guinea pig
    Matthew J Sharman
    Centre of Excellence for Alzheimer s Disease Research and Care, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup WA 6027, Australia
    J Nutr Biochem 19:732-8. 2008