Peter Ubel

Summary

Affiliation: University of Michigan
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Misimagining the unimaginable: the disability paradox and health care decision making
    Peter A Ubel
    Program for Improving Health Care Decisions, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Health Psychol 24:S57-62. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Disability and sunshine: can hedonic predictions be improved by drawing attention to focusing illusions or emotional adaptation?
    Peter A Ubel
    Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 11:111-23. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint What is perfect health to an 85-year-old?: evidence for scale recalibration in subjective health ratings
    Peter A Ubel
    Program for Improving Health Care Decisions, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0429, USA
    Med Care 43:1054-7. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint What is the price of life and why doesn't it increase at the rate of inflation?
    Peter A Ubel
    University of Michigan Health Systems 300 N Ingalls, Room 7C27 Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:1637-41. 2003
  5. pmc Misperceptions about beta-blockers and diuretics: a national survey of primary care physicians
    Peter A Ubel
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 18:977-83. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint The influence of cost-effectiveness information on physicians' cancer screening recommendations
    Peter A Ubel
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:1727-36. 2003
  7. doi request reprint Abandoning the language of "response shift": a plea for conceptual clarity in distinguishing scale recalibration from true changes in quality of life
    Peter A Ubel
    Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, 300 North Ingalls Building, Rm 7C27, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5429, USA
    Qual Life Res 19:465-71. 2010
  8. ncbi request reprint Is information always a good thing? Helping patients make "good" decisions
    Peter A Ubel
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Care 40:V39-44. 2002
  9. doi request reprint Beyond costs and benefits: understanding how patients make health care decisions
    Peter A Ubel
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Oncologist 15:5-10. 2010
  10. ncbi request reprint Exploring the role of order effects in person trade-off elicitations
    Peter A Ubel
    Health Services Research and Development, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Michigan Health Care System, 300 North Ingalls, Room 7C27, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Health Policy 61:189-99. 2002

Detail Information

Publications87

  1. ncbi request reprint Misimagining the unimaginable: the disability paradox and health care decision making
    Peter A Ubel
    Program for Improving Health Care Decisions, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Health Psychol 24:S57-62. 2005
    ..On balance, the available evidence suggests that, whereas patients misreport their well-being, healthy people also mispredict the emotional impact that chronic illness and disability will have on their lives...
  2. ncbi request reprint Disability and sunshine: can hedonic predictions be improved by drawing attention to focusing illusions or emotional adaptation?
    Peter A Ubel
    Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 11:111-23. 2005
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint What is perfect health to an 85-year-old?: evidence for scale recalibration in subjective health ratings
    Peter A Ubel
    Program for Improving Health Care Decisions, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0429, USA
    Med Care 43:1054-7. 2005
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint What is the price of life and why doesn't it increase at the rate of inflation?
    Peter A Ubel
    University of Michigan Health Systems 300 N Ingalls, Room 7C27 Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:1637-41. 2003
  5. pmc Misperceptions about beta-blockers and diuretics: a national survey of primary care physicians
    Peter A Ubel
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 18:977-83. 2003
    ..The persistent use of these agents raises questions as to whether physicians perceive ACE inhibitors and calcium channel blockers to be better than beta-blockers and diuretics...
  6. ncbi request reprint The influence of cost-effectiveness information on physicians' cancer screening recommendations
    Peter A Ubel
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:1727-36. 2003
    ..Physicians are relatively reluctant to abandon common screening strategies, even when they learn that they are expensive, and are hesitant to adopt unfamiliar screening strategies, even when they learn that they are inexpensive...
  7. doi request reprint Abandoning the language of "response shift": a plea for conceptual clarity in distinguishing scale recalibration from true changes in quality of life
    Peter A Ubel
    Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, 300 North Ingalls Building, Rm 7C27, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5429, USA
    Qual Life Res 19:465-71. 2010
    ..g., scale recalibration) with true causes of changing QoL (e.g., hedonic adaptation). We propose abandoning the term response shift, in favor of less ambiguous terms, like scale recalibration and adaptation...
  8. ncbi request reprint Is information always a good thing? Helping patients make "good" decisions
    Peter A Ubel
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Care 40:V39-44. 2002
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Beyond costs and benefits: understanding how patients make health care decisions
    Peter A Ubel
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Oncologist 15:5-10. 2010
    ..In this article, I describe some of these contextual factors, and lay out the challenges these factors raise for clinicians' efforts to help their patients make informed decisions...
  10. ncbi request reprint Exploring the role of order effects in person trade-off elicitations
    Peter A Ubel
    Health Services Research and Development, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Michigan Health Care System, 300 North Ingalls, Room 7C27, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Health Policy 61:189-99. 2002
    ..The person trade-off (PTO) has been advocated by some as an alternative measure for the purposes of cost-effectiveness analyses. However, the measurement properties of PTO elicitations are still being defined...
  11. ncbi request reprint Do nonpatients underestimate the quality of life associated with chronic health conditions because of a focusing illusion?
    P A Ubel
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Decis Making 21:190-9. 2001
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Preference for equity as a framing effect
    P A Ubel
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Decis Making 21:180-9. 2001
    ..In this article, 2 new studies are reported that explore whether people's preferences for equity versus efficiency are susceptible to a framing effect...
  13. ncbi request reprint "What should I do, doc?": Some psychologic benefits of physician recommendations
    Peter A Ubel
    University of Michigan, Division of General Internal Medicine, 300 N Ingalls, Room 7C27, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:977-80. 2002
  14. ncbi request reprint Whose quality of life? A commentary exploring discrepancies between health state evaluations of patients and the general public
    Peter A Ubel
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Qual Life Res 12:599-607. 2003
    ..Decisions about whose values to measure for the purposes of economic analyses, and how to measure discrepancies, should take these potential contributing factors into account...
  15. ncbi request reprint Mortality versus survival graphs: improving temporal consistency in perceptions of treatment effectiveness
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
    Patient Educ Couns 66:100-7. 2007
    ..Previous research has demonstrated that people perceive treatments as less effective when survival graphs show fewer years of data versus more data. We tested whether using mortality graphs would reduce this temporal inconsistency bias...
  16. pmc Public response to cost-quality tradeoffs in clinical decisions
    Mary Catherine Beach
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Med Decis Making 23:369-78. 2003
    ..To explore public attitudes toward the incorporation of cost-effectiveness analysis into clinical decisions...
  17. doi request reprint Mispredicting and misremembering: patients with renal failure overestimate improvements in quality of life after a kidney transplant
    Dylan Smith
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System and Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, MI, USA
    Health Psychol 27:653-8. 2008
    ..The authors surveyed kidney transplant patients, both before and after transplant, to test whether they would overestimate the benefits of a successful transplant for their quality of life...
  18. ncbi request reprint Altruism, incentives, and organ donation: attitudes of the transplant community
    J D Jasper
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, and the Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, USA
    Med Care 42:378-86. 2004
    ..This study investigated the attitudes of the transplant community toward the current policy of altruistic organ donation and 6 alternative policies offering incentives to the donor family...
  19. pmc Does a helping hand mean a heavy heart? Helping behavior and well-being among spouse caregivers
    Michael J Poulin
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Psychol Aging 25:108-17. 2010
    ..Helping valued loved ones may promote caregivers' well-being...
  20. doi request reprint The impact of the format of graphical presentation on health-related knowledge and treatment choices
    Sarah T Hawley
    Division of General Medicine, Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, United States, United States
    Patient Educ Couns 73:448-55. 2008
    ..To evaluate the ability of six graph formats to impart knowledge about treatment risks/benefits to low and high numeracy individuals...
  21. doi request reprint A gift of life: ethical and practical problems with conditional and directed donation
    Michael L Volk
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Transplantation 85:1542-4. 2008
  22. pmc Communicating side effect risks in a tamoxifen prophylaxis decision aid: the debiasing influence of pictographs
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 73:209-14. 2008
    ....
  23. doi request reprint Effect of esthetic outcome after breast-conserving surgery on psychosocial functioning and quality of life
    Jennifer F Waljee
    Sections of General Surgery and Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    J Clin Oncol 26:3331-7. 2008
    ..Understanding the effect of asymmetry on psychosocial functioning is essential for patients to make an informed choice for surgery...
  24. ncbi request reprint Validation of the Subjective Numeracy Scale: effects of low numeracy on comprehension of risk communications and utility elicitations
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Decis Making 27:663-71. 2007
    ..In a companion article, the authors describe the Subjective Numeracy Scale (SNS), a self-assessment of numerical aptitude and preferences for numbers that correlates strongly with objective numeracy...
  25. doi request reprint Alternate methods of framing information about medication side effects: incremental risk versus total risk of occurrence
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Center for Clinical Management Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 5429, USA
    J Health Commun 13:107-24. 2008
    ..Presenting adverse reaction risks in this manner may improve patient comprehension of the effects of treatment decisions and support effective risk communication...
  26. ncbi request reprint Mispredictions and misrecollections: challenges for subjective outcome measurement
    Dylan M Smith
    VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Disabil Rehabil 30:418-24. 2008
    ..To review research from the behavioral sciences that demonstrates how predictions of future events--and memories of past events--are often systematically biased...
  27. ncbi request reprint Why people refuse to make tradeoffs in person tradeoff elicitations: a matter of perspective?
    Laura J Damschroder
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Decis Making 27:266-80. 2007
    ..The authors explore whether people would be more willing to make tradeoffs if the focus was changed from trading off groups of patients to choosing the best decision or evaluating treatment benefits...
  28. pmc "If I'm better than average, then I'm ok?": Comparative information influences beliefs about risk and benefits
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
    Patient Educ Couns 69:140-4. 2007
    ..To test whether providing comparative risk information changes risk perceptions...
  29. ncbi request reprint Making numbers matter: present and future research in risk communication
    Angela Fagerlin
    Ann Arbor VA HSR and D Center for Excellence, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Am J Health Behav 31:S47-56. 2007
    ..To summarize existing research on individual numeracy and methods for presenting risk information to patients...
  30. ncbi request reprint Measuring numeracy without a math test: development of the Subjective Numeracy Scale
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Decis Making 27:672-80. 2007
    ..Basic numeracy skills are necessary before patients can understand the risks of medical treatments. Previous research has used objective measures, similar to mathematics tests, to evaluate numeracy...
  31. doi request reprint Are subjective well-being measures any better than decision utility measures?
    Dylan M Smith
    VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, USA
    Health Econ Policy Law 3:85-91. 2008
    ..We conclude with a call for expanded research into developing new tools for quantifying health-related quality of life that are more valid, more sensitive to changes in health status, and less biased...
  32. doi request reprint The accuracy of predicting parity as a prerequisite for cesarean delivery on maternal request
    Kristie Keeton
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 112:285-9. 2008
    ..We sought to estimate the accuracy with which women were able to predict their final parity...
  33. doi request reprint The DECISIONS study: a nationwide survey of United States adults regarding 9 common medical decisions
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Med Decis Making 30:20S-34S. 2010
    ..Yet no study has specifically examined how and when a representative sample of patients considered, discussed, and made medical decisions...
  34. pmc A demonstration of ''less can be more'' in risk graphics
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Clinical Management Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Med Decis Making 30:661-71. 2010
    ..The graphical format typically displays 4 outcomes simultaneously: survival, mortality due to cancer, other-cause mortality, and incremental survival due to adjuvant treatment...
  35. pmc Testing whether decision aids introduce cognitive biases: results of a randomized trial
    Peter A Ubel
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 80:158-63. 2010
    ..Decision aids (DAs) offer a promising method of helping them make this decision. But concern lingers that DAs might introduce cognitive biases...
  36. doi request reprint Sex differences in attainment of independent funding by career development awardees
    Reshma Jagsi
    University of Michigan and Ann Arbor Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Ann Intern Med 151:804-11. 2009
    ..Concerns have been raised about the career pipeline in academic medicine, including whether women with a demonstrated commitment to research succeed at the same rate as male colleagues...
  37. pmc Happily hopeless: adaptation to a permanent, but not to a temporary, disability
    Dylan M Smith
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, USA
    Health Psychol 28:787-91. 2009
    ..Based on prior research and theorizing, the authors hypothesized that, paradoxically, those with irreversible colostomies would adapt more fully, and become happier, than would those with colostomies that were potentially reversible...
  38. pmc Women's decisions regarding tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention: responses to a tailored decision aid
    Angela Fagerlin
    Ann Arbor VA HSR and D, Center for Clinical Management Research, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 119:613-20. 2010
    ..After viewing the DA, women demonstrated good understanding of tamoxifen's risks and benefits, but most were not interested in taking tamoxifen for breast cancer chemoprevention...
  39. pmc Risky feelings: why a 6% risk of cancer does not always feel like 6%
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 81:S87-93. 2010
    ..We sought to discuss and put into context several lines of research that have explored the links between emotion and risk perceptions...
  40. doi request reprint Frequency, nature, effects, and correlates of conflicts of interest in published clinical cancer research
    Reshma Jagsi
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 5010, USA
    Cancer 115:2783-91. 2009
    ..Relationships between clinical researchers and industry are becoming increasingly complex. The frequency and impact of conflicts of interest in the full range of high-impact, published clinical cancer research is unknown...
  41. pmc Caregiving behavior is associated with decreased mortality risk
    Stephanie L Brown
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Psychol Sci 20:488-94. 2009
    ..These findings suggest that it may be premature to conclude that health risks for caregivers are due to providing active help. Indeed, under some circumstances, caregivers may actually benefit from providing care...
  42. doi request reprint Deficits and variations in patients' experience with making 9 common medical decisions: the DECISIONS survey
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Clinical Management Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Decis Making 30:85S-95S. 2010
    ....
  43. pmc Improving understanding of adjuvant therapy options by using simpler risk graphics
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    Health Services Research and Development Center for Clinical Management Research, Veterans Administration Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Cancer 113:3382-90. 2008
    ..However, the graphical format used to display these results (a set of 4 horizontal stacked bars) may be suboptimal. The authors tested whether using simpler formats would improve comprehension of the relevant risk statistics...
  44. ncbi request reprint Impact of the model for end-stage liver disease allocation policy on the use of high-risk organs for liver transplantation
    Michael L Volk
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Gastroenterology 135:1568-74. 2008
    ..We aimed to determine whether implementation of MELD affected the quality of organs transplanted, the type of patients who receive the higher-risk organs, and the impact of these changes on their posttransplant survival...
  45. doi request reprint Under-representation of women in high-impact published clinical cancer research
    Reshma Jagsi
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Cancer 115:3293-301. 2009
    ..Adequate representation of women in research has been deemed essential...
  46. doi request reprint Beyond utilitarianism: a method for analyzing competing ethical principles in a decision analysis of liver transplantation
    Michael L Volk
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Med Decis Making 28:763-72. 2008
    ..In this study, the authors examine a method to incorporate competing ethical principles in a decision analysis of liver transplantation for a patient with acute liver failure (ALF)...
  47. ncbi request reprint Who decides? Living donor liver transplantation for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma
    Michael L Volk
    Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0362, USA
    Transplantation 82:1136-9. 2006
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Misremembering colostomies? Former patients give lower utility ratings than do current patients
    Dylan M Smith
    Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Health Psychol 25:688-95. 2006
    ....
  49. pmc When do patients and their physicians agree on diabetes treatment goals and strategies, and what difference does it make?
    Michele Heisler
    Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI 48113 0170, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 18:893-902. 2003
    ..However, this hypothesis has not been tested in actual encounters of patients with their own physicians...
  50. ncbi request reprint "Is 28% good or bad?" Evaluability and preference reversals in health care decisions
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Decis Making 24:142-8. 2004
    ..9 v. 6.7, P = 0.051). The results suggest that clinicians and developers of patient information materials alike should consider information evaluability when deciding how to present health care options to patients...
  51. ncbi request reprint Don't ask, don't tell: a change in medical student attitudes after obstetrics/gynecology clerkships toward seeking consent for pelvic examinations on an anesthetized patient
    Peter A Ubel
    Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 188:575-9. 2003
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint The impact of considering adaptation in health state valuation
    Laura J Damschroder
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor MI 48109 0429, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:267-77. 2005
    ..Our findings suggest that asking non-patients to do an adaptation exercise before giving QoL ratings may help close the gap in ratings between patients and citizen non-patients...
  53. ncbi request reprint How making a risk estimate can change the feel of that risk: shifting attitudes toward breast cancer risk in a general public survey
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 57:294-9. 2005
    ..001). Asking people to estimate risks influenced their subsequent perceptions of the risk of breast cancer...
  54. ncbi request reprint What's time got to do with it? Inattention to duration in interpretation of survival graphs
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Risk Anal 25:589-95. 2005
    ..g., in the title) and remind readers that attending to graph axis labels is the only way to pierce these visual illusions...
  55. ncbi request reprint Reducing the influence of anecdotal reasoning on people's health care decisions: is a picture worth a thousand statistics?
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:398-405. 2005
    ..People's treatment decisions are often influenced by anecdotal rather than statistical information. This can lead to patients making decisions based on others' experiences rather than on evidence-based medicine...
  56. ncbi request reprint Health, wealth, and happiness: financial resources buffer subjective well-being after the onset of a disability
    Dylan M Smith
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:663-6. 2005
    ..We also found some evidence that the buffering effect of wealth faded with time, as below-median participants recovered some of their well-being...
  57. ncbi request reprint Surgical management of the rheumatoid hand: consensus and controversy among rheumatologists and hand surgeons
    Amy K Alderman
    Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    J Rheumatol 30:1464-72. 2003
    ..We conducted a national survey evaluating potential differences in physicians' management of RA hand deformities...
  58. pmc A matter of perspective: choosing for others differs from choosing for yourself in making treatment decisions
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:618-22. 2006
    ..Many people display omission bias in medical decision making, accepting the risk of passive nonintervention rather than actively choosing interventions (such as vaccinations) that result in lower levels of risk...
  59. ncbi request reprint Why are you calling me? How study introductions change response patterns
    Dylan M Smith
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Health Care System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Qual Life Res 15:621-30. 2006
    ..The current investigation extends this work by testing whether standard survey introductions alter the observed associations between variables...
  60. pmc Does labeling prenatal screening test results as negative or positive affect a woman's responses?
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Health Services Research and Development Service, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:528.e1-6. 2007
    ..We tested whether adding interpretive labels (eg, "negative test") to prenatal genetic screening test results changes perceived risk and preferences for amniocentesis...
  61. ncbi request reprint Cure me even if it kills me: preferences for invasive cancer treatment
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:614-9. 2005
    ..This study assessed the proportion of people choosing nonoptimal treatments (treatments which reduced survival chances) when presented with hypothetical cancer scenarios which varied by outcome cause...
  62. pmc Screening experiments and the use of fractional factorial designs in behavioral intervention research
    Vijay Nair
    Department of Statistics, University of Michigan, 439 West Hall, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1354-9. 2008
    ..We then use 2 ongoing behavioral intervention projects to illustrate the usefulness of FFDs. FFDs should be supplemented with follow-up experiments in the refining phase so any critical assumptions about interactions can be verified...
  63. doi request reprint Patient comprehension of emergency department care and instructions: are patients aware of when they do not understand?
    Kirsten G Engel
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 53:454-461.e15. 2009
    ..The objective of this study is to assess, at discharge, patients' comprehension of their ED care and instructions and their awareness of deficiencies in their comprehension...
  64. ncbi request reprint Ignorance of hedonic adaptation to hemodialysis: a study using ecological momentary assessment
    Jason Riis
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, MI, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 134:3-9. 2005
    ..This relative negativity in controls' estimates of their own moods could also contribute to their underestimation of the moods and overall well-being of patients...
  65. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of rheumatoid hand surgery: contrasting perceptions of hand surgeons and rheumatologists
    Amy K Alderman
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 28:3-11; discussion 12-3. 2003
    ..S. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the attitudes of hand surgeons and rheumatologists toward the effectiveness of rheumatoid hand surgery...
  66. doi request reprint Narratives that address affective forecasting errors reduce perceived barriers to colorectal cancer screening
    Amanda J Dillard
    University of Michigan, Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, 300 N Ingalls, 7B02, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
    Soc Sci Med 71:45-52. 2010
    ..The narrative also increased risk perception for colorectal cancer and interest in screening in the next year...
  67. ncbi request reprint The validity of person tradeoff measurements: randomized trial of computer elicitation versus face-to-face interview
    Laura J Damschroder
    Veterans Affairs VA, Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Decis Making 24:170-80. 2004
    ..Subjects made, on average, equally consistent judgments for the 3 comparisons. A computerized PTO elicitation protocol produced results of similar quality to that of a face-to-face interview...
  68. ncbi request reprint The "Hassle Factor": what motivates physicians to manipulate reimbursement rules?
    Rachel M Werner
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1134-9. 2002
    ..This study sought to determine the relationship between the likelihood of a successful appeal, appeals process length, and severity of the health condition and physicians' willingness to sanction deception...
  69. ncbi request reprint Incremental and average cost-effectiveness ratios: will physicians make a distinction?
    John C Hershey
    Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA 19104, USA
    Risk Anal 23:81-9. 2003
    ....
  70. ncbi request reprint Support for physician deception of insurance companies among a sample of Philadelphia residents
    G Caleb Alexander
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Ann Intern Med 138:472-5. 2003
    ..Some physicians seem to be willing to sanction deception of insurance companies. Little is known about public attitudes regarding this practice...
  71. ncbi request reprint When money is saved by reducing healthcare costs, where do US primary care physicians think the money goes?
    David A Asch
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Am J Manag Care 9:438-42. 2003
    ..Physician willingness to reduce medical costs is mixed. Some physicians might be unwilling to reduce medical costs because they are concerned about where the savings would go...
  72. pmc Physicians' preferences for active-controlled versus placebo-controlled trials of new antihypertensive drugs
    Scott D Halpern
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 17:689-95. 2002
    ..To evaluate physicians' preferences for referring patients to, and using information from, active-controlled trials (ACTs) versus placebo-controlled trials (PCTs) of new antihypertensive drugs...
  73. ncbi request reprint The role of physicians' recommendations in medical treatment decisions
    Andrea D Gurmankin
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104 6021, USA
    Med Decis Making 22:262-71. 2002
    ..It is unclear, however, what the appropriate role of physicians' recommendations ought to be in this new shared decision-making paradigm. One way to approach this question is to assess the influence of physicians' recommendations...
  74. ncbi request reprint Effect of framing as gain versus loss on understanding and hypothetical treatment choices: survival and mortality curves
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, USA
    Med Decis Making 22:76-83. 2002
    ..However, the effect of framing as survival versus mortality on understanding and treatment choice is not known...
  75. ncbi request reprint Rethinking the objectives of decision aids: a call for conceptual clarity
    Wendy L Nelson
    Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Med Decis Making 27:609-18. 2007
    ..Second, the authors argue that the goal of reducing decisional conflict is conceptually untenable and propose that it be eliminated as an objective of decision aids...
  76. ncbi request reprint Individualized survival curves improve satisfaction with cancer risk management decisions in women with BRCA1/2 mutations
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Clin Oncol 23:9319-28. 2005
    ..This study was conducted to determine the effect of a tailored decision support system (DSS) that provides individualized survival and cancer incidence curves specific to expected outcomes of alternative management strategies...
  77. ncbi request reprint Harnessing the power of default options to improve health care
    Scott D Halpern
    Department of Medicine, The Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, the Center for Bioethics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104 6021, USA
    N Engl J Med 357:1340-4. 2007
  78. ncbi request reprint Provider experience and attitudes toward family presence during resuscitation procedures
    Kirsten G Engel
    J Palliat Med 10:1007-9. 2007
  79. pmc The use of life expectancy in cancer screening guidelines. Moving with caution from model-based evidence to evidence-based guidelines
    Paula M Lantz
    J Gen Intern Med 20:552-3. 2005
  80. ncbi request reprint In a mailed physician survey, questionnaire length had a threshold effect on response rate
    Christopher Jepson
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3535 Market Street, Room 4017, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:103-5. 2005
    ..To examine the association between questionnaire length and response rate in a mailed survey of generalist physicians randomly selected from the American Medical Association master file...
  81. pmc Do unmet expectations for specific tests, referrals, and new medications reduce patients' satisfaction?
    B Mitchell Peck
    College of Public Health, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:1080-7. 2004
    ..Patient-centered care requires clinicians to recognize and act on patients' expectations. However, relatively little is known about the specific expectations patients bring to the primary care visit...
  82. ncbi request reprint The importance of age in allocating health care resources: does intervention-type matter?
    Mira Johri
    SOLIDAGE McGill University, Université de Montréal Research Group on Integrated Services for Older Persons, Canada
    Health Econ 14:669-78. 2005
    ..We investigated whether the perceived importance of age in resource allocation decisions differs among intervention-types...
  83. ncbi request reprint Effect of assessment method on the discrepancy between judgments of health disorders people have and do not have: a web study
    Jonathan Baron
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6196, USA
    Med Decis Making 23:422-34. 2003
    ..The discrepancy varied in size and direction across disorders. Subjects also thought that they would be less affected than others...
  84. ncbi request reprint Emotions, decisions, and the limits of rationality: symposium introduction
    Peter A Ubel
    Med Decis Making 25:95-6. 2005
    ..The authors provide examples, discuss implications of their findings for medical decision-making, and describe strategies that we might employ to minimize or eliminate the biases that might be introduced into decision-making processes...
  85. ncbi request reprint Fear of litigation may increase resuscitation of infants born near the limits of viability
    Dustin W Ballard
    University of California Davis Medical Center, USA
    J Pediatr 140:713-8. 2002
    ..To explore how fear of litigation influences neonatal treatment decisions...
  86. ncbi request reprint Setting organ allocation priorities: should we care what the public cares about?
    Mira Johri
    Department of Health Administration, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, Canada
    Liver Transpl 9:878-80. 2003
    ..To investigate the nature of public preferences in the allocation of donor liver grafts for transplantation...
  87. ncbi request reprint Responding to the immunoglobulin shortage: a case study
    Ann Boulis
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, USA
    J Health Polit Policy Law 27:977-99. 2002
    ....

Research Grants18

  1. Identifying and reducing cognitive biases created by decision aids
    Peter Ubel; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This work is essential to ensuring that patients are fully informed and able to participate in decision making regarding their medical care. ..
  2. Identifying and reducing cognitive biases created by decision aids
    Peter Ubel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This work is essential to ensuring that patients are fully informed and able to participate in decision making regarding their medical care. ..
  3. IDENTIFY & REDUCE COGNITIVE BIASES OF DECISION AIDS
    Peter Ubel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN PATIENT AND PUBLIC UTILITY RATINGS
    Peter Ubel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is not clear how the quality of life, and comorbidity measures will be used in these models. ..
  5. VALUE MEASUREMENT IN CEA: FAIRNESS TO ELDERLY/DISABLED
    Peter Ubel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The goal is to evaluate whether PTO determinations can be an effective solution to the problems that arise when conventional utility assessment is applied to the evaluation of health care programs for the elderly and disabled. ..
  6. Identifying and reducing cognitive biases created by decision aids
    Peter A Ubel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This work is essential to ensuring that patients are fully informed and able to participate in decision making regarding their medical care. ..