ERIC NATHAN TURKHEIMER

Summary

Affiliation: University of Virginia
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc A Children of Twins Study of parental divorce and offspring psychopathology
    Brian M D'Onofrio
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University 47405, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:667-75. 2007
  2. doi request reprint A phenotypic null hypothesis for the genetics of personality
    Eric Turkheimer
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 email
    Annu Rev Psychol 65:515-40. 2014
  3. ncbi request reprint Heritability and biological explanation
    E Turkheimer
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22903, USA
    Psychol Rev 105:782-91. 1998
  4. ncbi request reprint Analysis and interpretation of twin studies including measures of the shared environment
    Eric Turkheimer
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904 4400, USA
    Child Dev 76:1217-33. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic status modifies heritability of IQ in young children
    Eric Turkheimer
    University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:623-8. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Deliberate self-harm in a nonclinical population: prevalence and psychological correlates
    E David Klonsky
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4400, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 160:1501-8. 2003
  7. pmc The interpersonal problems of the socially avoidant: self and peer shared variance
    Thomas L Rodebaugh
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, 63130, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 119:331-40. 2010
  8. pmc The effect of assumptions about parental assortative mating and genotype-income correlation on estimates of genotype-environment interaction in the National Merit Twin Study
    John C Loehlin
    Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 0187, USA
    Behav Genet 39:165-9. 2009
  9. pmc Identification and explanation of racial differences on contamination measures
    Monnica T Williams
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Box 400400, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    Behav Res Ther 45:3041-50. 2007
  10. pmc Genotype by environment interaction in adolescents' cognitive aptitude
    K Paige Harden
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, P O Box 400400, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    Behav Genet 37:273-83. 2007

Detail Information

Publications40

  1. pmc A Children of Twins Study of parental divorce and offspring psychopathology
    Brian M D'Onofrio
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University 47405, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:667-75. 2007
    ..The relations may be due to genetic or environmental selection factors, characteristics that lead to both marital separation and offspring functioning...
  2. doi request reprint A phenotypic null hypothesis for the genetics of personality
    Eric Turkheimer
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 email
    Annu Rev Psychol 65:515-40. 2014
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Heritability and biological explanation
    E Turkheimer
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22903, USA
    Psychol Rev 105:782-91. 1998
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Analysis and interpretation of twin studies including measures of the shared environment
    Eric Turkheimer
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904 4400, USA
    Child Dev 76:1217-33. 2005
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic status modifies heritability of IQ in young children
    Eric Turkheimer
    University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:623-8. 2003
    ..The models suggest that in impoverished families, 60% of the variance in IQ is accounted for by the shared environment, and the contribution of genes is close to zero; in affluent families, the result is almost exactly the reverse...
  6. ncbi request reprint Deliberate self-harm in a nonclinical population: prevalence and psychological correlates
    E David Klonsky
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4400, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 160:1501-8. 2003
    ..The present study investigated the prevalence and correlates of deliberate self-harm in a large group of nonclinical subjects...
  7. pmc The interpersonal problems of the socially avoidant: self and peer shared variance
    Thomas L Rodebaugh
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, 63130, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 119:331-40. 2010
    ..Similar results were found for both dependent personality disorder traits and narcissistic personality disorder traits, exceeding our expectations for this method...
  8. pmc The effect of assumptions about parental assortative mating and genotype-income correlation on estimates of genotype-environment interaction in the National Merit Twin Study
    John C Loehlin
    Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 0187, USA
    Behav Genet 39:165-9. 2009
    ..Another possible explanation, a greater freedom of members of DZ pairs at higher income levels to follow independent interests, remained plausible...
  9. pmc Identification and explanation of racial differences on contamination measures
    Monnica T Williams
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Box 400400, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    Behav Res Ther 45:3041-50. 2007
    ..A confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that the difference between Black and White participants on the pathological anxiety factor was eliminated when differences on the attitude factors were controlled statistically...
  10. pmc Genotype by environment interaction in adolescents' cognitive aptitude
    K Paige Harden
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, P O Box 400400, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    Behav Genet 37:273-83. 2007
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint The Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality (SNAP): temporal stability and predictive validity of the diagnostic scales
    Alison H Melley
    University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904 4400, USA
    Assessment 9:181-7. 2002
    ..The results provide some evidence for the validity of the SNAP..
  12. pmc Marital conflict and conduct problems in Children of Twins
    K Paige Harden
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
    Child Dev 78:1-18. 2007
    ..Furthermore, genetic influences mediated the association between marital conflict frequency and conduct problems. These results highlight the need for quasiexperimental designs in investigations of intergenerational associations...
  13. pmc Alcohol use in adolescent twins and affiliation with substance using peers
    Jennifer Hill
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, P O Box 400400, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 36:81-94. 2008
    ..The association between alcohol use and peer behavior may be a spurious association attributable to a shared genetic liability to drink alcohol and associate with peers who drink alcohol...
  14. ncbi request reprint Improving assessment of personality disorder traits through social network analysis
    Allan Clifton
    Department of Psychology, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY 12604 0127, USA
    J Pers 75:1007-31. 2007
    ..Partitioning networks into two subgroups achieved more consistent improvements than multiple subgroups. We discuss implications for multiple informant assessments...
  15. pmc A behavior genetic investigation of adolescent motherhood and offspring mental health problems
    K Paige Harden
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesvile, VA 29904 4400, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 116:667-83. 2007
    ..The generalizability of these results to the United States, which has a higher adolescent birth rate, is discussed...
  16. pmc Gene-environment correlation and interaction in peer effects on adolescent alcohol and tobacco use
    K Paige Harden
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, PO Box 400400, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4400, USA
    Behav Genet 38:339-47. 2008
    ..Moreover, adolescents who were genetically liable to substance use were more vulnerable to the adverse influences of their best friends--a gene-environment interaction...
  17. pmc Regional analysis of self-reported personality disorder criteria
    Eric Turkheimer
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
    J Pers 76:1587-622. 2008
    ..Regional interpretation in three dimensions elucidates several important aspects of PDs and their interrelationships...
  18. pmc Combining nonlinear biometric and psychometric models of cognitive abilities
    Elliot M Tucker-Drob
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, P O Box 400400, Charlottesville, VA, 22904 4400, USA
    Behav Genet 39:461-71. 2009
    ..We then reanalyze data from the National Collaborative Perinatal Project, previously used by Turkheimer et al. (2003; Psychol Science), with a two-step method to model both phenomena...
  19. pmc Family structure and age at menarche: a children-of-twins approach
    Jane Mendle
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
    Dev Psychol 42:533-42. 2006
    ..These findings strongly suggest selection, and not causation, accounts for the relationship between stepfathering and early menarche...
  20. ncbi request reprint Factorial structure of pathological personality as evaluated by peers
    Cannon Thomas
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904 4400, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 112:81-91. 2003
    ..However, cross-method correlations of factor scores were only moderate, suggesting that peer reports are reliably different from self-reports regarding the presence of pathological personality traits...
  21. pmc A genetically informed study of the association between harsh punishment and offspring behavioral problems
    Stacy K Lynch
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
    J Fam Psychol 20:190-8. 2006
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Gender role and personality disorders
    E David Klonsky
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, 102 Gilmer Hall, P O Box 400400, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4400, USA
    J Pers Disord 16:464-76. 2002
    ..Both men and women who typically behaved consistent with their gender had more narcissistic and histrionic features, whereas participants who typically behaved unlike their gender had more features of the Cluster A personality disorders...
  23. ncbi request reprint Interpersonal perception and pathological personality features: consistency across peer groups
    Susan C South
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, USA
    J Pers 73:675-91. 2005
    ..There was considerable convergence between personality disorder features and negative evaluations by others, with participants high in detachment eliciting the most negative reactions from peers in the lab...
  24. ncbi request reprint Ethnic identification biases responses to the Padua Inventory for obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Monnica T Williams
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904, USA
    Assessment 12:174-85. 2005
    ..Results suggest that extraneous factors contribute to racial differences on scores. Cultural practices and fear of being negatively stereotyped may contribute to item bias...
  25. ncbi request reprint Impaired social functioning and symptoms of personality disorders assessed by peer and self-report in a nonclinical population
    Thomas F Oltmanns
    Department of Psychology, P O Box 400400, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    J Pers Disord 16:437-52. 2002
    ..Overall, our results complement those from clinical samples and provide further evidence that there is an association between PD traits and impaired social functioning...
  26. pmc A genetically informed study of marital instability and its association with offspring psychopathology
    Brian M D'Onofrio
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 114:570-86. 2005
    ..The results are consistent with a causal connection between marital instability and psychopathology in young-adult offspring...
  27. pmc A genetically informed study of the processes underlying the association between parental marital instability and offspring adjustment
    Brian M D'Onofrio
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, VA 47405, USA
    Dev Psychol 42:486-99. 2006
    ..In contrast, the increased risk for cohabitation and earlier initiation of drug use was explained by selection factors, including genetic confounds. ((c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)...
  28. ncbi request reprint Self- and peer perspectives on pathological personality traits and interpersonal problems
    Allan Clifton
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Psychol Assess 17:123-31. 2005
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Personality disorder not otherwise specified: searching for an empirically based diagnostic threshold
    Jason L Pagan
    Department of Psychology, One Brookings Drive, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Pers Disord 19:674-89. 2005
    ..This definition identified 5.5% of the young adults who were interviewed in this study...
  30. pmc Personality disorder symptoms and marital functioning
    Susan C South
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minnesota, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:769-80. 2008
    ..The incremental validity of spouse report for several of the 10 PD scales was supported for marital satisfaction and verbal aggression, particularly for the Borderline and Dependent PD scales...
  31. pmc Detection of aberrant responding on a personality scale in a military sample: an application of evaluating person fit with two-level logistic regression
    Carol M Woods
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Psychol Assess 20:159-68. 2008
    ..Other potential sources of aberrancy were carelessness, haphazard responding, or uncooperativeness. Social desirability was not as influential as expected...
  32. pmc Population density and youth antisocial behavior
    K Paige Harden
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:999-1008. 2009
    ..Rather, the association between population density and delinquency appears to be due to unmeasured selection variables that differ between families who live in more or less densely populated counties...
  33. ncbi request reprint The emotional experience of intercourse and sexually transmitted diseases: a decision-tree analysis
    Kathleen L Whitten
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22903, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 30:348-56. 2003
    ..Epidemiologic data document high risks for many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among US adolescents and young adults...
  34. pmc Searching for an environmental effect of parental alcoholism on offspring alcohol use disorder: a genetically informed study of children of alcoholics
    Wendy S Slutske
    Department of Psychological Sciences, Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 117:534-51. 2008
    ..The results of this study suggest that the direct causal effect of being exposed to an alcoholic parent on offspring alcohol use disorder is modest at best...
  35. ncbi request reprint Age at first sexual intercourse and teenage pregnancy in Australian female twins
    Mary Waldron
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, United States of America
    Twin Res Hum Genet 10:440-9. 2007
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Traits associated with personality disorders and adjustment to military life: predictive validity of self and peer reports
    Edna R Fiedler
    Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, TX 78236 5300, USA
    Mil Med 169:207-11. 2004
    ..Peers provide useful information that is not redundant with that provided by the individual. When possible, assessment of personality problems should be considered from information obtained from peers or other informants...
  37. ncbi request reprint Meta-perception for pathological personality traits: do we know when others think that we are difficult?
    Thomas F Oltmanns
    Washington University in St Louis, USA
    Conscious Cogn 14:739-51. 2005
    ..It therefore appears that insight into how one is viewed by others can moderate negative impressions fostered by PD traits...
  38. ncbi request reprint Gender bias in diagnostic criteria for personality disorders: an item response theory analysis
    J Serrita Jane
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 116:166-75. 2007
    ..For 1 paranoid personality disorder criterion and 3 antisocial criteria, men were more likely to endorse the biased items. For 2 schizoid personality disorder criteria, women were more likely to endorse the biased items...
  39. pmc Intergenerational transmission of childhood conduct problems: a Children of Twins Study
    Brian M D'Onofrio
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, 1101 E 10th St, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:820-9. 2007
    ..The familial nature of childhood conduct problems has been well documented, but few genetically informed studies have explicitly explored the processes through which parental conduct problems influence an offspring's behavior problems...
  40. ncbi request reprint The interrater reliability of the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality
    J Serrita Jane
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University New Haven, CT 06510, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 47:368-75. 2006
    ..70, with the notable exception of criteria scored through observation only. Overall, the SIDP-IV demonstrated good reliability in a non-treatment-seeking population...