D Tilman

Summary

Affiliation: University of Minnesota
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Biodiversity impacts ecosystem productivity as much as resources, disturbance, or herbivory
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:10394-7. 2012
  2. ncbi request reprint Carbon-negative biofuels from low-input high-diversity grassland biomass
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 314:1598-600. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 441:629-32. 2006
  4. doi request reprint Diversification, biotic interchange, and the universal trade-off hypothesis
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Am Nat 178:355-71. 2011
  5. pmc Niche tradeoffs, neutrality, and community structure: a stochastic theory of resource competition, invasion, and community assembly
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:10854-61. 2004
  6. pmc Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agriculture
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:20260-4. 2011
  7. ncbi request reprint Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 418:671-7. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Diversity and productivity in a long-term grassland experiment
    D Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 294:843-5. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Plant diversity enhances ecosystem responses to elevated CO2 and nitrogen deposition
    P B Reich
    Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 410:809-12. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change
    D Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 292:281-4. 2001

Detail Information

Publications32

  1. pmc Biodiversity impacts ecosystem productivity as much as resources, disturbance, or herbivory
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:10394-7. 2012
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Carbon-negative biofuels from low-input high-diversity grassland biomass
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 314:1598-600. 2006
    ..32 megagram hectare(-1) year(-1)). Moreover, LIHD biofuels can be produced on agriculturally degraded lands and thus need to neither displace food production nor cause loss of biodiversity via habitat destruction...
  3. ncbi request reprint Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 441:629-32. 2006
    ..Our results indicate that the reliable, efficient and sustainable supply of some foods (for example, livestock fodder), biofuels and ecosystem services can be enhanced by the use of biodiversity...
  4. doi request reprint Diversification, biotic interchange, and the universal trade-off hypothesis
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Am Nat 178:355-71. 2011
    ..The existence of transrealm trade-offs, should further work support this possibility, has deep implications for ecology and evolution...
  5. pmc Niche tradeoffs, neutrality, and community structure: a stochastic theory of resource competition, invasion, and community assembly
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:10854-61. 2004
    ..This prediction provides a potential solution to the invasion paradox, which is the tendency for highly diverse regions to be more heavily invaded...
  6. pmc Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agriculture
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:20260-4. 2011
    ..Efficient management practices could substantially lower nitrogen use. Attainment of high yields on existing croplands of underyielding nations is of great importance if global crop demand is to be met with minimal environmental impacts...
  7. ncbi request reprint Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 418:671-7. 2002
    ..New incentives and policies for ensuring the sustainability of agriculture and ecosystem services will be crucial if we are to meet the demands of improving yields without compromising environmental integrity or public health...
  8. ncbi request reprint Diversity and productivity in a long-term grassland experiment
    D Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 294:843-5. 2001
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Plant diversity enhances ecosystem responses to elevated CO2 and nitrogen deposition
    P B Reich
    Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 410:809-12. 2001
    ..We found that the enhanced biomass accumulation in response to elevated levels of CO2 or nitrogen, or their combination, is less in species-poor than in species-rich assemblages...
  10. ncbi request reprint Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change
    D Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 292:281-4. 2001
    ..Significant scientific advances and regulatory, technological, and policy changes are needed to control the environmental impacts of agricultural expansion...
  11. pmc Community assembly and invasion: an experimental test of neutral versus niche processes
    Joseph Fargione
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:8916-20. 2003
    ..This simple mechanism of greater competitive inhibition of invaders that are similar to established abundant species could, in theory, explain many of the patterns observed in plant communities...
  12. doi request reprint Loss of plant species after chronic low-level nitrogen deposition to prairie grasslands
    Christopher M Clark
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, 100 Ecology, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 451:712-5. 2008
    ..A second experiment showed that a decade after cessation of nitrogen addition, relative plant species number, although not species abundances, had recovered, demonstrating that some effects of nitrogen addition are reversible...
  13. pmc Climate change and health costs of air emissions from biofuels and gasoline
    Jason Hill
    Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:2077-82. 2009
    ..These advantages are critically dependent on the source of land used to produce biomass for biofuels, on the magnitude of any indirect land use that may result, and on other as yet unmeasured environmental impacts of biofuels...
  14. pmc Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels
    Jason Hill
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:11206-10. 2006
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Nitrogen limitation constrains sustainability of ecosystem response to CO2
    Peter B Reich
    Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 440:922-5. 2006
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Niche differences in phenology and rooting depth promote coexistence with a dominant C4 bunchgrass
    Joseph Fargione
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Oecologia 143:598-606. 2005
    ..This work provides novel empirical evidence for the factors that contribute to species coexistence in the field. Our study suggests that spatial and temporal niche differentiation promote species coexistence in these grasslands...
  17. pmc Species and functional group diversity independently influence biomass accumulation and its response to CO2 and N
    Peter B Reich
    Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St Paul, 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:10101-6. 2004
    ..These results indicate that S and F independently influence biomass accumulation and its response to elevated CO(2) and N...
  18. ncbi request reprint Biodiversity as a barrier to ecological invasion
    Theodore A Kennedy
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, Saint Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 417:636-8. 2002
    ..These results suggest that local biodiversity represents an important line of defence against the spread of invaders...
  19. ncbi request reprint Resource use patterns predict long-term outcomes of plant competition for nutrients and light
    Ray Dybzinski
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Am Nat 170:305-18. 2007
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Ecological mechanisms associated with the positive diversity-productivity relationship in an N-limited grassland
    D A Fornara
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Ecology 90:408-18. 2009
    ....
  21. pmc Human-caused environmental change: impacts on plant diversity and evolution
    D Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:5433-40. 2001
    ....
  22. pmc From selection to complementarity: shifts in the causes of biodiversity-productivity relationships in a long-term biodiversity experiment
    Joseph Fargione
    Department of Ecology, University of Minnesota, St Paul 55108, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 274:871-6. 2007
    ....
  23. doi request reprint Soil fertility increases with plant species diversity in a long-term biodiversity experiment
    Ray Dybzinski
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN, 55108, USA
    Oecologia 158:85-93. 2008
    ..Our results suggest a mechanism, the fertility effect, by which increased plant species diversity may increase community productivity over time by increasing the supply of nutrients via both greater inputs and greater retention...
  24. ncbi request reprint Causes, consequences and ethics of biodiversity
    D Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul 55108, USA
    Nature 405:208-11. 2000
    ..Societal responses to the loss of biodiversity also involve trade-offs, and the elaboration of these will be essential in developing wiser environmental ethics and policy...
  25. ncbi request reprint Grassland species loss resulting from reduced niche dimension
    W Stanley Harpole
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Irvine, 321 Steinhaus Hall, Irvine, California 92697, USA
    Nature 446:791-3. 2007
    ..Our results provide an alternative mechanistic explanation for the effects of nutrient eutrophication on the diversity of terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems...
  26. doi request reprint Land clearing and the biofuel carbon debt
    Joseph Fargione
    The Nature Conservancy, 1101 West River Parkway, Suite 200, Minneapolis, MN 55415, USA
    Science 319:1235-8. 2008
    ..In contrast, biofuels made from waste biomass or from biomass grown on degraded and abandoned agricultural lands planted with perennials incur little or no carbon debt and can offer immediate and sustained GHG advantages...
  27. ncbi request reprint Conventional functional classification schemes underestimate the relationship with ecosystem functioning
    Justin P Wright
    Ecol Lett 9:111-20. 2006
    ..These results suggest that we need a more nuanced understanding of how the diversity of functional traits of species in an assemblage affects ecosystem functioning...
  28. ncbi request reprint Non-neutral patterns of species abundance in grassland communities
    W Stanley Harpole
    Ecol Lett 9:15-23. 2006
    ..Additionally, we found that changes in relative abundance after environmental change (N-addition or disturbance) were not neutral but also were significantly associated with R*...
  29. pmc Invasion, competitive dominance, and resource use by exotic and native California grassland species
    Eric W Seabloom
    National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93103, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:13384-9. 2003
    ..If our results prove to be general, it may be feasible to restore native California grassland flora to at least parts of its former range...
  30. pmc Biodiversity loss threatens human well-being
    Sandra Diaz
    Instituto Multidisciplinario de BiologĂ­a Vegetal CONICET UNC and FCEFyN, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Argentina
    PLoS Biol 4:e277. 2006
  31. ncbi request reprint Resource availability controls fungal diversity across a plant diversity gradient
    Mark P Waldrop
    School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1115, USA
    Ecol Lett 9:1127-35. 2006
    ....
  32. pmc Biography of David Tilman
    Tinsley H Davis
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:10851-3. 2004