J C Thomas

Summary

Affiliation: University of North Carolina
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Ethics in a pandemic: a survey of the state pandemic influenza plans
    James C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:S26-31. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint The social ecology of syphilis
    J C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599 7400, USA
    Soc Sci Med 48:1081-94. 1999
  3. ncbi request reprint Things ain't what they ought to be: social forces underlying racial disparities in rates of sexually transmitted diseases in a rural North Carolina county
    J C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599 7400, USA
    Soc Sci Med 49:1075-84. 1999
  4. ncbi request reprint Evaluation and lessons learned from a lay health advisor programme to prevent sexually transmitted diseases
    J C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599 7400, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 11:812-8. 2000
  5. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of HIV-associated periodontitis and chronic periodontitis in a southeastern US study group
    R G McKaig
    Department of Dental Ecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599 7450, USA
    J Public Health Dent 58:294-300. 1998
  6. pmc Trust and collaboration in the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases
    J C Thomas
    Dept of Public Health, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, 2104 B McGavran Greenberg Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Public Health Rep 116:540-7. 2001
  7. pmc What's driving an epidemic? The spread of syphilis along an interstate highway in rural North Carolina
    R L Cook
    Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    Am J Public Health 89:369-73. 1999
  8. ncbi request reprint When is sex safe? Insiders' views on sexually transmitted disease prevention and treatment
    M A McDonald
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hilll, USA
    Health Educ Behav 28:624-42. 2001
  9. pmc Domestic violence and sexually transmitted diseases: the experience of prenatal care patients
    S L Martin
    Dept of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, 27599 7400, USA
    Public Health Rep 114:262-8. 1999
  10. ncbi request reprint Molecular typing of Neisseria gonorrhoeae causing repeated infections: evolution of porin during passage within a community
    M M Hobbs
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7030, USA
    J Infect Dis 179:371-81. 1999

Research Grants

  1. Neighborhood effects on STD and AIDS rates
    James Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2006

Detail Information

Publications38

  1. pmc Ethics in a pandemic: a survey of the state pandemic influenza plans
    James C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:S26-31. 2007
    ..Although some states acknowledged the need for ethical decisionmaking, very few prescribed how it should happen. If faced by a pandemic in the near future, we stand the risk of making many unjust and regrettable decisions...
  2. ncbi request reprint The social ecology of syphilis
    J C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599 7400, USA
    Soc Sci Med 48:1081-94. 1999
    ..The hypotheses generated by this study may also lead to a better measurement and understanding of potentially important environmental determinants of community syphilis rates, and the development of new or enhanced prevention strategies...
  3. ncbi request reprint Things ain't what they ought to be: social forces underlying racial disparities in rates of sexually transmitted diseases in a rural North Carolina county
    J C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599 7400, USA
    Soc Sci Med 49:1075-84. 1999
    ..Knowledge of social forces and their effects is critical for designing and evaluating interventions to prevent STDs and to decrease extreme racial disparities in rates of disease...
  4. ncbi request reprint Evaluation and lessons learned from a lay health advisor programme to prevent sexually transmitted diseases
    J C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599 7400, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 11:812-8. 2000
    ..Consistent condom use with main partners increased by 23%. An LHA intervention in this population appears efficacious for improving STD-related care seeking behaviours but the effect on condom use with main partners is less clear...
  5. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of HIV-associated periodontitis and chronic periodontitis in a southeastern US study group
    R G McKaig
    Department of Dental Ecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599 7450, USA
    J Public Health Dent 58:294-300. 1998
    ..This study estimates factors associated with the prevalence of HIV-associated periodontal diseases (HIV-P) and the severity and extent of periodontitis in HIV-infected adults from North Carolina (NC)...
  6. pmc Trust and collaboration in the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases
    J C Thomas
    Dept of Public Health, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, 2104 B McGavran Greenberg Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Public Health Rep 116:540-7. 2001
    ..Each participant in the collaboration played a role in establishing or building upon trust with others. These trusting relationships were critical for empowering a marginalized group at high risk for STDs...
  7. pmc What's driving an epidemic? The spread of syphilis along an interstate highway in rural North Carolina
    R L Cook
    Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    Am J Public Health 89:369-73. 1999
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether county syphilis rates were increased along Interstate Highway 95 (I-95) in North Carolina during a recent epidemic...
  8. ncbi request reprint When is sex safe? Insiders' views on sexually transmitted disease prevention and treatment
    M A McDonald
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hilll, USA
    Health Educ Behav 28:624-42. 2001
    ..The authors compare and contrast their worldview with the public health concepts of primary and secondary STD prevention...
  9. pmc Domestic violence and sexually transmitted diseases: the experience of prenatal care patients
    S L Martin
    Dept of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, 27599 7400, USA
    Public Health Rep 114:262-8. 1999
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Molecular typing of Neisseria gonorrhoeae causing repeated infections: evolution of porin during passage within a community
    M M Hobbs
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7030, USA
    J Infect Dis 179:371-81. 1999
    ..Sequence analysis of por genes revealed evidence of horizontal genetic exchange and point mutations in potential surface-exposed regions during passage in the community...
  11. pmc Incarceration as forced migration: effects on selected community health outcomes
    James C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1762-5. 2006
    ..We estimated the effects of high incarceration rates on rates of sexually transmitted infections and teenage pregnancies...
  12. ncbi request reprint From slavery to incarceration: social forces affecting the epidemiology of sexually transmitted diseases in the rural South
    James C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7435, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:S6-10. 2006
    ..Each of these forces led to sexual and care-seeking behaviors that favor transmission of STDs...
  13. ncbi request reprint An interagency network perspective on HIV prevention
    James C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7435, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:71-5. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to describe the network structures of agencies and individuals engaged in HIV prevention in a North Carolina county...
  14. ncbi request reprint Late diagnosis of HIV in young men in North Carolina
    Elizabeth A Torrone
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Public Health, Raleigh, NC 27599, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:846-8. 2007
  15. pmc Incarceration and sexually transmitted infections: a neighborhood perspective
    James C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    J Urban Health 85:90-9. 2008
    ..The statistical associations and stories of the effects of incarceration on sexual relationships provide additional evidence of unintended community health consequences of high rates of incarceration...
  16. ncbi request reprint Pulling together: interagency coordination and HIV/STD prevention
    James C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, Campus Box 7435, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 14:E1-6. 2008
    ..The measures of network exchanges employed in this study may be appropriate for future assessment of service provision of funded prevention programs...
  17. doi request reprint Ethical decision making in a crisis: a case study of ethics in public health emergencies
    James C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 15:E16-21. 2009
    ..The recommendations are likely relevant to many state, city, and county public health departments throughout the United States...
  18. pmc Neighborhood factors affecting rates of sexually transmitted diseases in Chicago
    James C Thomas
    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Urban Health 87:102-12. 2010
    ..6 (95% CI 124.4, 204.7) cases per 100,000. Factors that undermine the social fabric of a community can become manifest in health outcomes such as STDs. The effects of high rates of incarceration on neighborhoods merit further exploration...
  19. pmc Genomics and the public health code of ethics
    James C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 2799 7435, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:2139-43. 2005
    ..In addition, the concerns raised by genomics highlight areas of our understanding of the ethical principles of public health in which further refinement may be necessary...
  20. ncbi request reprint Social structure, race, and gonorrhea rates in the southeastern United States
    James C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7435, USA
    Ethn Dis 13:362-8. 2003
    ..In particular, we were interested in aspects of race other than the proportion of Blacks in a population, including the potential influence of under-reporting of infections...
  21. ncbi request reprint High rates of incarceration as a social force associated with community rates of sexually transmitted infection
    James C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Infect Dis 191:S55-60. 2005
    ..The United States has the highest rate of incarceration in the world. Some populations experience both high rates of incarceration and high rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs)...
  22. pmc Teaching ethics in schools of public health
    James C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435 USA
    Public Health Rep 118:279-86. 2003
  23. doi request reprint Do the wealthy have a health advantage? Cardiovascular disease risk factors and wealth
    A Hajat
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, USA
    Soc Sci Med 71:1935-42. 2010
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with periodontitis in an HIV-infected southeast USA study
    R G McKaig
    Department of Dental Ecology, CB 7450 School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599 7450, USA
    Oral Dis 6:158-65. 2000
    ....
  25. pmc Risk behavior disclosure during HIV test counseling
    Elizabeth Ann Torrone
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 24:551-61. 2010
    ..Modifications to the risk assessment process, including better explaining the role of the risk assessment in prevention counseling, may increase the validity of the data...
  26. ncbi request reprint Do clinic-based STD data reflect community patterns?
    Penelope P Howards
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 13:775-80. 2002
    ..The utility of clinic-based studies for community-based interventions may be enhanced by collecting extra information from clinic patients with lower risk profiles...
  27. pmc Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 6C: an intra- and interclonal complex comparison
    J C Thomas
    Yale University, School of Public Health, New Haven, CT 06520 8034, USA
    J Bacteriol 193:3409-10. 2011
    ..Serotype 6C isolates are increasing in prevalence and becoming progressively more resistant to antibiotics. As a result, these strains are likely to become more important in the near future...
  28. doi request reprint Variations in the effect of incarceration on community gonorrhoea rates, Guilford County, North Carolina, 2005-2006
    K A Porter
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 21:34-8. 2010
    ..Using a spatial model, we found evidence that the association varies across the county. The association between incarceration and gonorrhoea varies by the rate of incarceration and geographically...
  29. pmc Glen or Glenda: reported gender of sex partners in two statewide HIV databases
    Elizabeth A Torrone
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:525-30. 2010
    ..We assessed agreement of reported gender of sex partners in 2 statewide HIV databases linked by client identifiers...
  30. doi request reprint Identifying gaps in HIV prevention services
    Elizabeth A Torrone
    Department of Epidemiology, UNC Chapel Hill School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Soc Work Public Health 25:327-40. 2010
    ..Findings from this study can inform local and regional planners on how to efficiently target prevention programs, including programs aimed at reducing racial and geographic disparities in sexually transmitted diseases, such as HIV...
  31. ncbi request reprint Skills for the ethical practice of public health
    James C Thomas
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 11:260-1. 2005
  32. ncbi request reprint Gender difference in HIV RNA levels: a meta-analysis of published studies
    Sonia Napravnik
    School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:11-9. 2002
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint A study in contrasts: measures of racial disparity in rates of sexually transmitted disease
    Julia C Dombrowski
    Public Health Leadership Program, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 31:149-53. 2004
    ..Although relative measures are commonly used to express health disparities, absolute measures could have more value in public health decision-making...
  34. ncbi request reprint Morbidity and mortality profile of human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with and without hepatitis C co-infection
    Angel M Mayor
    Retrovirus Research Center, and Department of Microbiology, Universidad Central del Caribe, School of Medicine, Bayamon, Puerto Rico
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:239-45. 2006
    ..Primary and secondary prevention are necessary to reduce the expanding impact of HCV infection in HIV patients...
  35. pmc A code of ethics for public health
    James C Thomas
    Am J Public Health 92:1057-9. 2002
  36. pmc The feasibility and acceptability of a multimedia hepatitis C prevention program for Hispanic HIV-infected persons
    Angel M Mayor
    Retrovirus Research Center, Internal Medicine Department, Universidad Central del Caribe, School of Medicine, Bayamon, Puerto Rico, USA
    Ethn Dis 18:S2-195-9. 2008
    ..We developed and implemented a multimedia educational intervention for HIV-infected IDUs, based on the Health Belief Model and social cognitive theory...
  37. pmc The public in public health ethics: the Public Health Society responds
    Terry Brandenburg
    Am J Public Health 94:7; author reply 7-8. 2004
  38. doi request reprint An agenda for public health ethics
    James C Thomas
    J Public Health Manag Pract 14:329-31. 2008

Research Grants1

  1. Neighborhood effects on STD and AIDS rates
    James Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The final model will include corrections for autocorrelation between the geographical units. ..