Jeffrey R Stout

Summary

Affiliation: University of Oklahoma
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi Effects of creatine supplementation and three days of resistance training on muscle strength, power output, and neuromuscular function
    Joel T Cramer
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:668-77. 2007
  2. pmc Effect of protein/essential amino acids and resistance training on skeletal muscle hypertrophy: A case for whey protein
    Juha J Hulmi
    Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, P, O, Box 35, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 7:51. 2010
  3. pmc International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: meal frequency
    Paul M La Bounty
    Dept, of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 8:4. 2011
  4. pmc International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
    Erica R Goldstein
    Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale Davie, FL 33314, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 7:5. 2010
  5. pmc Acute effects of a thermogenic nutritional supplement on cycling time to exhaustion and muscular strength in college-aged men
    Ashley A Walter
    Biophysics Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 6:15. 2009
  6. pmc Effects of beta-alanine supplementation and high-intensity interval training on endurance performance and body composition in men; a double-blind trial
    Abbie E Smith
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 6:5. 2009
  7. pmc Total body water estimations in healthy men and women using bioimpedance spectroscopy: a deuterium oxide comparison
    Jordan R Moon
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratories, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 5:7. 2008
  8. pmc The effects of a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, creatine, and amino acids during three weeks of high-intensity exercise on aerobic and anaerobic performance
    Abbie E Smith
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 7:10. 2010
  9. pmc Minimal nutrition intervention with high-protein/low-carbohydrate and low-fat, nutrient-dense food supplement improves body composition and exercise benefits in overweight adults: A randomized controlled trial
    Christopher M Lockwood
    Metabolic and Body Composition Research Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 5:11. 2008
  10. pmc Effects of creatine loading on electromyographic fatigue threshold during cycle ergometry in college-aged women
    Abbie E Smith
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 4:20. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications60

  1. ncbi Effects of creatine supplementation and three days of resistance training on muscle strength, power output, and neuromuscular function
    Joel T Cramer
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:668-77. 2007
    ....
  2. pmc Effect of protein/essential amino acids and resistance training on skeletal muscle hypertrophy: A case for whey protein
    Juha J Hulmi
    Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, P, O, Box 35, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 7:51. 2010
    ..Therefore, this review will focus on whey protein supplementation and its effects on skeletal muscle mass when combined with heavy resistance training...
  3. pmc International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: meal frequency
    Paul M La Bounty
    Dept, of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 8:4. 2011
    ..5. Increasing meal frequency appears to help decrease hunger and improve appetite control.The following literature review has been prepared by the authors in support of the aforementioned position statement...
  4. pmc International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
    Erica R Goldstein
    Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale Davie, FL 33314, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 7:5. 2010
    ..7.) The scientific literature does not support caffeine-induced diuresis during exercise, or any harmful change in fluid balance that would negatively affect performance...
  5. pmc Acute effects of a thermogenic nutritional supplement on cycling time to exhaustion and muscular strength in college-aged men
    Ashley A Walter
    Biophysics Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 6:15. 2009
    ..The purpose of the present study was to examine the acute effects of a thermogenic nutritional supplement containing caffeine, capsaicin, bioperine, and niacin on muscular strength and endurance performance...
  6. pmc Effects of beta-alanine supplementation and high-intensity interval training on endurance performance and body composition in men; a double-blind trial
    Abbie E Smith
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 6:5. 2009
    ....
  7. pmc Total body water estimations in healthy men and women using bioimpedance spectroscopy: a deuterium oxide comparison
    Jordan R Moon
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratories, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 5:7. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of the SFB7 for estimating total body water in healthy college-age men and women compared to the 4000B and deuterium oxide (D2O)...
  8. pmc The effects of a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, creatine, and amino acids during three weeks of high-intensity exercise on aerobic and anaerobic performance
    Abbie E Smith
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 7:10. 2010
    ....
  9. pmc Minimal nutrition intervention with high-protein/low-carbohydrate and low-fat, nutrient-dense food supplement improves body composition and exercise benefits in overweight adults: A randomized controlled trial
    Christopher M Lockwood
    Metabolic and Body Composition Research Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 5:11. 2008
    ....
  10. pmc Effects of creatine loading on electromyographic fatigue threshold during cycle ergometry in college-aged women
    Abbie E Smith
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 4:20. 2007
    ..2 kg +/- 0.2 kg). These findings suggest that 5 days of Cr loading in women may be an effective strategy for delaying the onset of neuromuscular fatigue during cycle ergometry...
  11. pmc Percent body fat estimations in college women using field and laboratory methods: a three-compartment model approach
    Jordan R Moon
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 4:16. 2007
    ..abstract:..
  12. ncbi Effects of creatine supplementation on the onset of neuromuscular fatigue threshold and muscle strength in elderly men and women (64 - 86 years)
    J R Stout
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, 115 Huston Huffman Center, 1401 Asp Ave, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    J Nutr Health Aging 11:459-64. 2007
    ..This study examined the effects of 14 days of creatine supplementation on the physical working capacity at fatigue threshold (PWCFT), maximal isometric grip strength (GRIP), sit-to-stand (STS), and body weight (BW) in elderly men and women...
  13. ncbi Effects of twenty-eight days of beta-alanine and creatine monohydrate supplementation on the physical working capacity at neuromuscular fatigue threshold
    Jeffrey R Stout
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 20:928-31. 2006
    ..CrBA groups (p > 0.05). These findings suggested that b-Ala supplementation may delay the onset of neuromuscular fatigue. Furthermore, there appeared to be no additive or unique effects of CrM vs. b-Ala alone on PWC(FT)...
  14. ncbi Effects of beta-alanine supplementation on the onset of neuromuscular fatigue and ventilatory threshold in women
    J R Stout
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 6081, USA
    Amino Acids 32:381-6. 2007
    ..In conclusion, beta-alanine supplementation appears to improve submaximal cycle ergometry performance and TTE in young women, perhaps as a result of an increased buffering capacity due to elevated muscle carnosine concentrations...
  15. pmc The effects of four weeks of creatine supplementation and high-intensity interval training on cardiorespiratory fitness: a randomized controlled trial
    Jennifer L Graef
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Huston Huffman Center, 1401 Asp Avenue, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 6:18. 2009
    ....
  16. doi The consistency of ordinary least-squares and generalized least-squares polynomial regression on characterizing the mechanomyographic amplitude versus torque relationship
    Trent J Herda
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Physiol Meas 30:115-28. 2009
    ..Future studies should examine alternative methods for improving the consistency and reliability of the patterns of response for the MMG(RMS) versus isometric torque relationship...
  17. doi Low-calorie energy drink improves physiological response to exercise in previously sedentary men: a placebo-controlled efficacy and safety study
    Christopher M Lockwood
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 24:2227-38. 2010
    ..However, when combined with exercise, preworkout energy drink consumption may significantly improve some physiological adaptations to combined aerobic and resistance training...
  18. doi The effects of beta-alanine supplementation and high-intensity interval training on neuromuscular fatigue and muscle function
    Abbie E Smith
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 105:357-63. 2009
    ..In conclusion, HIIT appeared to be the primary stimulus effecting EMG(FT) or EEA, suggesting adaptations from HIIT may be more influential than increasing skeletal muscle carnosine levels on delaying fatigue in recreationally active men...
  19. ncbi Effects of creatine loading on electromyographic fatigue threshold in cycle ergometry in college-age men
    Ashley A Walter
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 18:142-51. 2008
    ..In addition, a significant increase (p = .009) in weight was observed in the Cr group. These data suggest that there was a minimal influence of Cr loading on EMG FT for the participants in this study...
  20. doi Reliability of absolute versus log-transformed regression models for examining the torque-related patterns of response for mechanomyographic amplitude
    Trent J Herda
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 6081, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 179:240-6. 2009
    ..Thus, the log-transformed MMG(RMS) versus TQ relationships may offer an attractive alternative method for reliably quantifying and tracking changes in the TQ-related patterns of response for MMG(RMS) on a subject-by-subject basis...
  21. doi Six weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in women
    Ashley A Walter
    Biophysics Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 24:1199-207. 2010
    ..Overall, these results suggested that HIIT may be an effective and time-efficient method of training to improve maximal oxygen uptake...
  22. doi Validity of electromyographic fatigue threshold as a noninvasive method for tracking changes in ventilatory threshold in college-aged men
    Kristina L Kendall
    Metabolic and Body Composition Lab, Department of Health and Exercise Science, Huston Huffman Center, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 24:109-13. 2010
    ..However, the use of EMG(FT) to predict VT does not seem to be valid for tracking changes after 6 weeks of HIIT. At this time, it is not recommended that EMG(FT) be used to predict and track changes in VT...
  23. ncbi Total body water changes after an exercise intervention tracked using bioimpedance spectroscopy: a deuterium oxide comparison
    Jordan R Moon
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratories, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Clin Nutr 28:516-25. 2009
    ..The aim of the current study was to determine the validity of a BIS device (Imp SFB7) for tracking changes in overfat and obese individuals...
  24. doi The reliability of the intermittent critical velocity test and assessment of critical rest interval in men and women
    David H Fukuda
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, 1401 Asp Ave HHC 104, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 112:1197-205. 2012
    ..The ICV test during treadmill running provides reliable ICV and W' measures, as well as an estimated recovery time via CRI for men and women...
  25. doi Effects of creatine monohydrate and polyethylene glycosylated creatine supplementation on muscular strength, endurance, and power output
    Trent J Herda
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 23:818-26. 2009
    ..Thus, PEG creatine may have ergogenic effects that are comparable to those of CM, but with a smaller dose of creatine...
  26. doi Acute effects of a thermogenic nutritional supplement on energy expenditure and cardiovascular function at rest, during low-intensity exercise, and recovery from exercise
    Eric D Ryan
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 23:807-17. 2009
    ..These results suggested that the combination of thermogenic ingredients in this nutritional supplement may be useful to help maintain a negative caloric balance but may not influence substrate use or perceived exertion...
  27. doi Estimating body fat in NCAA Division I female athletes: a five-compartment model validation of laboratory methods
    Jordan R Moon
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratories, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, 115 Huston Huffman Center, 1401 Asp Ave, Norman, OK, 73019, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 105:119-30. 2009
    ....
  28. doi The effects of creatine loading and gender on anaerobic running capacity
    David H Fukuda
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 24:1826-33. 2010
    ..Creatine loading may be used before competition by athletes to provide improvements in high-intensity, short-duration activities...
  29. doi Acute effects of static versus dynamic stretching on isometric peak torque, electromyography, and mechanomyography of the biceps femoris muscle
    Trent J Herda
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 22:809-17. 2008
    ..Overall, an acute bout of dynamic stretching may be less detrimental to muscle strength than static stretching for the hamstrings...
  30. doi Reliability of mechanomyographic amplitude and mean power frequency during isometric step and ramp muscle actions
    Trent J Herda
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 6081, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 171:104-9. 2008
    ..36 to 0.80, while the SEM (% of mean) ranged from 14.9 to 33.9% and 6.9 to18.9% for MMG RMS and MMG MPF, respectively. Thus, MMG RMS and MMG MPF demonstrated reliability that was comparable to that of the surface electromyographic signal...
  31. doi Physiological effects of caffeine, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, and exercise in overweight and obese women
    Abbie E Smith
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, 1401 Asp Avenue, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 35:607-16. 2010
    ..The current study suggests that implementing a caffeine-EGCG-containing drink prior to exercise may improve MM, fitness, and lipid profiles in overweight women...
  32. ncbi An alternative approach to the Army Physical Fitness Test two-mile run using critical velocity and isoperformance curves
    David H Fukuda
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, 1401 Asp Avenue, HHC104, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Mil Med 177:145-51. 2012
    ..The combination of variables from the CV test and isoperformance curves provides an alternative to standardized time-trial testing...
  33. ncbi Anthropometric estimations of percent body fat in NCAA Division I female athletes: a 4-compartment model validation
    Jordan R Moon
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratories, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 23:1068-76. 2009
    ..Additionally, more than 3 skinfold sites did not improve %fat values. Therefore, the Jackson et al. sum of 3 skinfold equation is the suggested skinfold equation in the white female NCAA Division I athletes...
  34. doi The possible combinatory effects of acute consumption of caffeine, creatine, and amino acids on the improvement of anaerobic running performance in humans
    David H Fukuda
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Nutr Res 30:607-14. 2010
    ..7 ± 54.0 seconds) (P = .08). These findings suggest that the acute ingestion of this preexercise supplement may be an effective strategy for improving anaerobic performance, but appears to have no effect on aerobic power...
  35. doi The determination of critical rest interval from the intermittent critical velocity test in club-level collegiate hockey and rugby players
    David H Fukuda
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 25:889-95. 2011
    ..630; p = 0.016) were significantly correlated with CRI. The ability to quantify CRI, an additional variable derived from the ICV test, provides a possible measure that can be used in the prescription and evaluation of training methods...
  36. doi Passive properties of the muscle-tendon unit: the influence of muscle cross-sectional area
    Eric D Ryan
    Biophysics Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, 1401 Asp Avenue, HHC Room 12, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 6081, USA
    Muscle Nerve 39:227-9. 2009
    ..05; r = 0.765). Since passive stiffness and the ability to absorb passive energy decreases with many diseases, these findings may support the need to maintain or increase muscle CSA...
  37. doi Electrode placement over the innervation zone affects the low-, not the high-frequency portion of the EMG frequency spectrum
    Travis W Beck
    Biophysics Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, 1401 Asp Avenue, HHC Room 104, Norman, OK 73019 6081, United States
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 19:660-6. 2009
    ..Thus, these findings indicated that electrode placement over the IZ affected primarily the low-, rather than the high-frequency portion of the EMG frequency spectrum...
  38. doi The effects of tournament preparation on anthropometric and sport-specific performance measures in youth judo athletes
    David H Fukuda
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 27:331-9. 2013
    ..Furthermore, the outcomes from this study provide direction for coaches and trainers in their efforts to impact physical performance and judo skills in children and adolescents through precompetition training...
  39. doi Effects of four weeks of high-intensity interval training and creatine supplementation on critical power and anaerobic working capacity in college-aged men
    Kristina L Kendall
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Huston Huffman Center, Norman, Oklahoma 73019, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 23:1663-9. 2009
    ..38%). Furthermore, no changes in AWC were observed in any of the groups after treatment. The current findings suggest that Cr supplementation may enhance the effects of intense interval endurance training on endurance performance changes...
  40. doi Gender differences in musculotendinous stiffness and range of motion after an acute bout of stretching
    Katherine M Hoge
    Biophysics Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 24:2618-26. 2010
    ..Practitioners may want to consider the possible gender differences in passive stretching responses and that increases in ROM may not always reflect decreases in MTS...
  41. ncbi Short-duration beta-alanine supplementation increases training volume and reduces subjective feelings of fatigue in college football players
    Jay R Hoffman
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, PO Box 7718, Ewing, NJ 08628, USA
    Nutr Res 28:31-5. 2008
    ..However, higher training volumes and lower subjective feelings of fatigue in BA indicated that as duration of supplementation continued, the efficacy of beta-alanine supplementation in highly trained athletes became apparent...
  42. doi Critical velocity: a predictor of 2000-m rowing ergometer performance in NCAA D1 female collegiate rowers
    Kristina L Kendall
    Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 0390, USA
    J Sports Sci 29:945-50. 2011
    ..733), explaining 54% of the variability in performance. These findings suggest the critical velocity test may be more appropriate for evaluating performance in novice rowers...
  43. doi Predicting maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max) from the critical velocity test in female collegiate rowers
    Kristina L Kendall
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Huston Huffman Center, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 26:733-8. 2012
    ....
  44. doi The development of physiological profiles and identification of training needs in NCAA female collegiate rowers using isoperformance curves
    David H Fukuda
    Metabolic and Body Composition Lab, Department of Health and Exercise Science, Huston Huffman Center, University of Oklahoma, 1401 Asp Avenue, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 111:679-85. 2011
    ..The information drawn from isoperformance curves and the parameters of the CV test can be used to provide an objective view of physiological capabilities and training needs on both an individual and team basis...
  45. ncbi Mechanomyographic amplitude and mean power frequency responses during isometric ramp vs. step muscle actions
    Eric D Ryan
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, Biophysics Laboratory, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 168:293-305. 2008
    ..Overall, these findings indicated that the torque-related patterns of responses for MMG(RMS) and MMG(MPF) were different among subjects (i.e., inter-individual variability) and were muscle- (VL vs. RF) and mode-specific (ramp vs. step)...
  46. doi Effects of two modes of static stretching on muscle strength and stiffness
    Trent J Herda
    Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Health, Sport, and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:1777-84. 2011
    ....
  47. doi A comparison of techniques for estimating training-induced changes in muscle cross-sectional area
    Jason M Defreitas
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 24:2383-9. 2010
    ..It is the authors' hope that the present study will increase awareness among practitioners of these useful field methods for estimating training-induced changes in muscle CSA...
  48. doi A comparison of adaptive and notch filtering for removing electromagnetic noise from monopolar surface electromyographic signals
    Travis W Beck
    Biophysics Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019, USA
    Physiol Meas 30:353-61. 2009
    ..Thus, adaptive filtering may be the best method for removing electromagnetic noise from monopolar surface EMG signals...
  49. doi Determination of aerobic and anaerobic performance: a methodological consideration
    Abbie E Smith
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Huston Huffman Center, 1401 Asp Ave, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Physiol Meas 32:423-31. 2011
    ..999, SEM = 0.075). These results suggest that CV and ARC can be estimated from two velocities, but to ensure a linear relationship, three velocities are recommended...
  50. ncbi Effect of low-dose, short-duration creatine supplementation on anaerobic exercise performance
    Jay R Hoffman
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, New Jersey 08628, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 19:260-4. 2005
    ..Although the results of this study demonstrated reduced fatigue rates in patients during high-intensity sprint intervals, further research is necessary in examining the efficacy of low-dose, short-term creatine supplementation...
  51. doi Validity of the BOD POD for assessing body composition in athletic high school boys
    Jordan R Moon
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 22:263-8. 2008
    ..008) and had the lowest TE values compared to HW. These data suggest that the BP can produce acceptable body fat measures for athletic white boys but is not superior to estimates made by the SF equations used in this study...
  52. doi Putting to rest the myth of creatine supplementation leading to muscle cramps and dehydration
    V J Dalbo
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, 1401 Asp Avenue, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Br J Sports Med 42:567-73. 2008
    ....
  53. ncbi Inter-individual variability among the mechanomyographic and electromyographic amplitude and mean power frequency responses during isometric ramp muscle actions
    E D Ryan
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, Biophysics Laboratory, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol 47:161-73. 2007
    ..isometric torque relationships should be examined on a subject-by-subject and muscle-by-muscle basis during isometric ramp muscle actions...
  54. ncbi High-velocity intermittent running: effects of beta-alanine supplementation
    Abbie E Smith-Ryan
    Applied Physiology Laboratory, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 26:2798-805. 2012
    ..95-5.06 minutes. There seems to be no ergogenic effect of β-alanine supplementation on CV, ARC, or high-intensity running lasting approximately 2-5 minutes in either men or women in the current study...
  55. doi Acute effects of passive stretching vs vibration on the neuromuscular function of the plantar flexors
    T J Herda
    Biophysics Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 6081, USA
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 19:703-13. 2009
    ..e., gamma loop impairment) that may have been responsible for the strength losses. However, mechanical factors related to PROM and MTS cannot be ruled out as contributors to the stretching-induced force deficit...
  56. ncbi Acute effects of passive stretching and vibration on the electromechanical delay and musculotendinous stiffness of the plantar flexors
    T J Herda
    Biophysics Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 6081, USA
    Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol 50:277-88. 2010
    ....
  57. ncbi Effect of creatine phosphate supplementation on anaerobic working capacity and body weight after two and six days of loading in men and women
    Joan M Eckerson
    Department of Exercise Science and Athletic Training, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska 68178, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 19:756-63. 2005
    ..PL (kJ and kJ.kg(-1)). Cr supplementation increased AWC 13-15% in both genders compared to PL (1.1%- 3.0% decline); although this result was not statistically significant, it may have some practical significance...
  58. ncbi Effect of two and five days of creatine loading on anaerobic working capacity in women
    Joan M Eckerson
    Department of Exercise Science and Athletic Training, Creighton University, Omaha, NE 68178, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 18:168-73. 2004
    ..These results suggest that Cr supplementation is effective for increasing AWC in women following 5 days of loading without an associated increase in BW...
  59. ncbi Amino acids and growth hormone manipulation
    Jeffrey R Stout
    Nutrition 18:683-4. 2002