K R Smith
Affiliation: University of California
- Indoor air pollution in developing countries and acute lower respiratory infections in childrenK R Smith
Environmental Health Sciences, University of California, Berkeley 94720 7360, USA
Thorax 55:518-32. 2000..Biomass in the form of wood, crop residues, and animal dung is used in more than two fifths of the world's households as the principal fuel...
- National burden of disease in India from indoor air pollutionK R Smith
School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:13286-93. 2000..Using a disability-adjusted lost life-year approach, the total is 4-6% of the Indian national burden of disease, placing indoor air pollution as a major risk factor in the country...
- Indoor air pollution in developing countries: recommendations for researchK R Smith
140 Warren Hall, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
Indoor Air 12:198-207. 2002..The substitution of biomass by coal being considered in some countries should be pursued with caution because of the known serious health effects of household coal use...
- China at the crossroads: the economics of tobacco and healthT W Hu
University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Tob Control 15:i37-41. 2006..To analyse economic aspects of tobacco control policy issues in China...
- Capacity building in environmental health research in India and NepalOndine S von Ehrenstein
School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
Int J Occup Environ Health 12:300-6. 2006..The focus of capacity building in environmental health research in countries in economic and environmental transition should be on country-based research projects with embedded training efforts...
- Woodsmoke health effects: a reviewLuke P Naeher
Department of Environmental Health Science, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA
Inhal Toxicol 19:67-106. 2007..In addition, we provide recommendations for additional woodsmoke research...
- Inhaled carbon and lung function in childrenNigel G Bruce
N Engl J Med 355:1496-7; author reply 1497. 2006
- Indoor air pollution in rural China: cooking fuels, stoves, and health statusJohn W Peabody
Institute for Global Health, University of California, San Francisco, USA
Arch Environ Occup Health 60:86-95. 2005..Decreasing household coal use, increasing use of improved stove technology, and increasing kitchen ventilation may decrease the short-term health effects of indoor air pollution...
- An inexpensive dual-chamber particle monitor: laboratory characterizationRufus Edwards
School of Social Ecology, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 7070, USA
J Air Waste Manag Assoc 56:789-99. 2006....
- Cooking smoke and tobacco smoke as risk factors for stillbirthVinod Mishra
Demographic and Health Research Division, ORC Macro, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
Int J Environ Health Res 15:397-410. 2005..11, 3.62). The adjusted effect of active tobacco smoking is also positive (OR = 1.23) but not statistically significant. No effect of passive smoking was found, nor was there evidence of any modifying effects of tobacco smoking...
- Case-control study of indoor cooking smoke exposure and cataract in Nepal and IndiaAmod K Pokhrel
School of Public Health, 140 Warren Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
Int J Epidemiol 34:702-8. 2005..Three epidemiological studies have associated indoor cooking with solid fuels (e.g. wood or dung) and cataract or blindness. However, associations in these studies may have been caused by unmeasured confounding...
- Eye discomfort, headache and back pain among Mayan Guatemalan women taking part in a randomised stove intervention trialEsperanza Diaz
Section for General Practice, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, N 5018 Bergen, Norway
J Epidemiol Community Health 61:74-9. 2007..Indoor air pollution (IAP) from combustion of biomass fuels represents a global health problem, estimated to cause 1.6 million premature deaths annually...
- Urinary methoxyphenol biomarkers and woodsmoke exposure: comparisons in rural Guatemala with personal CO and kitchen CO, levoglucosan, and PM2.5Michael Clark
Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, 140 Warren Hall, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
Environ Sci Technol 41:3481-7. 2007..Although based on relatively few measurements, this study demonstrates that the urinary concentrations of specific methoxyphenols may be effective biomarkers of short-term exposures to inhaled woodsmoke in field conditions...
- Indoor air pollution from unprocessed solid fuel use and pneumonia risk in children aged under five years: a systematic review and meta-analysisMukesh Dherani
Division of Public Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, England
Bull World Health Organ 86:390-398C. 2008..8. Greater efforts are now required to implement effective interventions...
- Co-benefits of climate mitigation and health protection in energy systems: scoping methodsKirk R Smith
Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 29:11-25. 2008..We offer sample calculations, which illustrate the apparent high degree of co-benefit effectiveness for targeted interventions in the household energy sector in developing countries...
- An inexpensive light-scattering particle monitor: field validationZohir Chowdhury
School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, California, USA
J Environ Monit 9:1099-106. 2007..94; N = 88). In addition, with appropriate cleaning of the sensing chamber, UCB mass sensitivity does not decrease with time when used intensively in open woodfire kitchens, demonstrating the significant potential of this monitor...
- A global perspective on energy: health effects and injusticesPaul Wilkinson
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Lancet 370:965-78. 2007..In this Series, we examine the opportunities to improve health, reduce climate effects, and promote development through realistic adjustments in the way energy and food are produced and consumed...
- Energy, energy efficiency, and the built environmentPaul Wilkinson
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Lancet 370:1175-87. 2007....
- Pneumonia case-finding in the RESPIRE Guatemala indoor air pollution trial: standardizing methods for resource-poor settingsNigel Bruce
Division of Public Health, Whelan Building, University of Liverpool, England
Bull World Health Organ 85:535-44. 2007....
- Chimney stove intervention to reduce long-term wood smoke exposure lowers blood pressure among Guatemalan womenJohn P McCracken
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:996-1001. 2007..Given the evidence that ambient particles increase blood pressure, we hypothesized that the intervention would lower blood pressure...
- Household air pollution from coal and biomass fuels in China: measurements, health impacts, and interventionsJunfeng Jim Zhang
School of Public Health, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:848-55. 2007..Our objective in this review was to help elucidate the extent of this indoor air pollution health hazard...
- Maternal exposure to biomass smoke and reduced birth weight in ZimbabweVinod Mishra
Population and Health Studies, East West Center, Honolulu, HI 96848 1601, USA
Ann Epidemiol 14:740-7. 2004..To examine the association between household use of biomass fuels for cooking and birth weight...
- Childhood asthma and indoor woodsmoke from cooking in GuatemalaMorten A Schei
Environmental Health Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 14:S110-7. 2004..Hence use of open fire for cooking, may be an important risk factor for asthma symptoms and severity...
- Human exposures to combustion products from household use of unprocessed solid fuels (biomass and coal) in simple stoves are substantial sources of ill-health in a world perspectiveKirk R Smith
Indoor Air 12:145-6. 2002
- Why particles?Kirk R Smith
Chemosphere 49:867-71. 2002
- Place makes the poison: Wesolowski Award Lecture - 1999Kirk R Smith
University of California, Berkeley 94720, USA
J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 12:167-71. 2002..It, thus, has profound economic and policy implications, which will be examined in the context of particle air pollution in different parts of the world...
- Exposure efficiency: an idea whose time has come?John S Evans
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Room 211, 718 Huntington Avenue, 02115 Boston, MA, USA
Chemosphere 49:1075-91. 2002....
- Models to predict emissions of health-damaging pollutants and global warming contributions of residential fuel/stove combinations in ChinaRufus D Edwards
Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, 140 Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
Chemosphere 50:201-15. 2003....
- Characterization of non-methane hydrocarbons emitted from various cookstoves used in ChinaStella Manchun Tsai
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey School of Public Health, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA
Environ Sci Technol 37:2869-77. 2003..Strikingly, burning the coal briquette and honeycomb coal briquette produced OFP values more than 2 orders of magnitude lower than burning unprocessed (raw) coal, even in the same vented metal stove, for every 1 MJ delivered to the pot...
- The burden of disease from indoor air pollution in developing countries: comparison of estimatesKirk R Smith
Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
Int J Hyg Environ Health 206:279-89. 2003..2 million premature deaths annually in the early 1990s...
- Indoor air pollution: a global health concernJunfeng Zhang
Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute and School of Public Health, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, NJ 08854, USA
Br Med Bull 68:209-25. 2003..Given that tobacco consumption and synthetic chemical usage will not be declining at least in the near future, concerns about indoor air pollution may be expected to remain...
- Exposure assessment for respirable particulates associated with household fuel use in rural districts of Andhra Pradesh, IndiaKalpana Balakrishnan
Environmental Health Engineering, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute Deemed University, Chennai, India
J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 14:S14-25. 2004..This would facilitate the development of a regional exposure database and enable better estimation of health risks...
- Impact of improved stoves, house construction and child location on levels of indoor air pollution exposure in young Guatemalan childrenNigel Bruce
Department of Public Health, University of Liverpool, UK
J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 14:S26-33. 2004..Large donor-funded stove programmes need to aim for wider acceptance and uptake by the local families. Better stove maintenance is also required...
- The origin, fate, and health effects of combustion by-products: a research frameworkMaureen D Avakian
MDB, Inc, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
Environ Health Perspect 110:1155-62. 2002..In this article we summarize the principal findings and recommendations for research focus and direction...
- Disease burden of adult lung cancer and ischaemic heart disease from passive tobacco smoking in ChinaQuan Gan
School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Tob Control 16:417-22. 2007..To address the health hazards tobacco smoking imposes upon non-smokers in China, this paper estimates the burden of diseases in adults from passive tobacco smoking for two major diseases--lung cancer and ischaemic heart disease (IHD)...
- Occupational health in IndiaTushar Kant Joshi
Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India
Occup Med 17:371-89, iii-iv. 2002..India urgently requires modern OHS legislation with adequate enforcement machinery, and establishment of centres of excellence in occupational medicine, to catch up with the rest of the world...
- Symposium introduction. Mitigating, adapting, and suffering: how much of each?Kirk R Smith
Annu Rev Public Health 29:xxiii-xxv. 2008
- Policies for accelerating access to clean energy, improving health, advancing development, and mitigating climate changeAndy Haines
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Lancet 370:1264-81. 2007..Intersectoral research and concerted action, both nationally and internationally, will be required...
- The occurrence and seasonal variation of accelerant-related burn injuries in central FloridaSusan Rainey
Tampa General Regional Burn Center, Tampa, Florida, USA
J Burn Care Res 28:675-80. 2007..The results of this study support the development of a community-based educational program directed at burn injury prevention, with special attention to the implications of the hurricane season...
- In praise of petroleum?Kirk R Smith
Science 298:1847. 2002
- Outdoor air pollution and acute respiratory infections among children in developing countriesIsabelle Romieu
Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, 655 Avenida Universidad, Col Santa Maria Ahuacatitlan, Cuernavaca, Morelos, 62508 Mexico
J Occup Environ Med 44:640-9. 2002..Children may be at greater risk, given the poor environmental and nutritional conditions prevalent in developing countries...
- Indoor air pollution and acute respiratory infectionsKirk R Smith
Indian Pediatr 40:815-9. 2003
- Wealth, poverty and climate changeKirk R Smith
Med J Aust 179:571-2. 2003..Rich countries must lead the fight against climate change affecting rich and poor in our global village...
- Lessons learned from "the skeptical environmentalist": an environmental health perspectiveAgnes Bodnar
Division of Environmental Health Sciences, University of California, 140 Warren Hall 7360, Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
Int J Hyg Environ Health 207:57-67. 2004..Now that the dust from the initial stampede to praise and condemn the book has settled, we will explore lessons to be learned from TSE and the associated debate from an environmental health perspective...
- Defining intake fractionDeborah H Bennett
School of Public Health, Harvard University, USA
Environ Sci Technol 36:207A-211A. 2002