Gregory T Smith

Summary

Affiliation: University of Kentucky
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint On the complexity of quantifying construct validity
    Gregory T Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Assess 17:413-4. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Reactive personality-environment transactions and adult developmental trajectories
    Gregory T Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Dev Psychol 42:877-87. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint On construct validity: issues of method and measurement
    Gregory T Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Assess 17:396-408. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Thinness and eating expectancies predict subsequent binge-eating and purging behavior among adolescent girls
    Gregory T Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 116:188-97. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint On the validity and utility of discriminating among impulsivity-like traits
    Gregory T Smith
    University of Kentucky, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Assessment 14:155-70. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Incremental validity principles in test construction
    Gregory T Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Assess 15:467-77. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Integration of impulsivity and positive mood to predict risky behavior: development and validation of a measure of positive urgency
    Melissa A Cyders
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Assess 19:107-18. 2007
  8. pmc Positive urgency predicts illegal drug use and risky sexual behavior
    Tamika C B Zapolski
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 23:348-54. 2009
  9. pmc Experimental effect of positive urgency on negative outcomes from risk taking and on increased alcohol consumption
    Melissa A Cyders
    Department of Psychology, Indiana University Purdue University, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 24:367-75. 2010
  10. ncbi request reprint Coping with distress by eating or drinking: role of trait urgency and expectancies
    Sarah Fischer
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 18:269-74. 2004

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications53

  1. ncbi request reprint On the complexity of quantifying construct validity
    Gregory T Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Assess 17:413-4. 2005
    ..Nonetheless, the laudable attempt by these distinguished authors to quantify construct validity reminds us of the complexity of the construct validation process...
  2. ncbi request reprint Reactive personality-environment transactions and adult developmental trajectories
    Gregory T Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Dev Psychol 42:877-87. 2006
    ..Differential learning in a task that approximated skill acquisition for a developmental transition implies that personality may help shape individual developmental trajectories in the adult years...
  3. ncbi request reprint On construct validity: issues of method and measurement
    Gregory T Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Assess 17:396-408. 2005
    ..Ongoing efforts to improve the construct validity process reflect the legacy of L. J. Cronbach and P. E. Meehl...
  4. ncbi request reprint Thinness and eating expectancies predict subsequent binge-eating and purging behavior among adolescent girls
    Gregory T Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 116:188-97. 2007
    ..The onset of most behaviors can be understood in terms of learned expectancies for reinforcement from these behaviors. The same model can be applied to the risk for eating disorders...
  5. ncbi request reprint On the validity and utility of discriminating among impulsivity-like traits
    Gregory T Smith
    University of Kentucky, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Assessment 14:155-70. 2007
    ..Sensation seeking appeared to relate to the frequency of engaging in risky behaviors, and urgency appeared to relate to problem levels of involvement in those behaviors...
  6. ncbi request reprint Incremental validity principles in test construction
    Gregory T Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Assess 15:467-77. 2003
    ..Implementation of these suggestions is likely to provide theoretical clarification and improved prediction...
  7. ncbi request reprint Integration of impulsivity and positive mood to predict risky behavior: development and validation of a measure of positive urgency
    Melissa A Cyders
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Assess 19:107-18. 2007
    ..In Study 3, they confirmed the hypothesis that positive urgency differentiated alcoholics from both eating-disordered and control individuals...
  8. pmc Positive urgency predicts illegal drug use and risky sexual behavior
    Tamika C B Zapolski
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 23:348-54. 2009
    ..The authors discuss the theoretical and practical implications of this finding...
  9. pmc Experimental effect of positive urgency on negative outcomes from risk taking and on increased alcohol consumption
    Melissa A Cyders
    Department of Psychology, Indiana University Purdue University, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 24:367-75. 2010
    ..Positive urgency's role was above and beyond previously identified risk factors; these findings, combined with prior cross-sectional and longitudinal field studies, provide support for the role of positive urgency in rash action...
  10. ncbi request reprint Coping with distress by eating or drinking: role of trait urgency and expectancies
    Sarah Fischer
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 18:269-74. 2004
    ..Eating expectancies were associated with binge eating, but not with alcohol use or problems. Urgency's effect on binge eating was moderated by expectancies, but its effect on alcohol use and problem drinking was not...
  11. pmc On the value of homogeneous constructs for construct validation, theory testing, and the description of psychopathology
    Gregory T Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Assess 21:272-84. 2009
    ..In contrast, the use of composite diagnoses can retard scientific progress and hamper clinicians' efforts to understand and treat dysfunction...
  12. doi request reprint A longitudinal transactional risk model for early eating disorder onset
    Carolyn M Pearson
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 121:707-18. 2012
    ..In turn, it predicted increases in high-risk eating expectancies by the spring of sixth grade, and thus heightened risk...
  13. pmc Clarifying the construct of perfectionism
    Agnes M Stairs
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Assessment 19:146-66. 2012
    ..The nine scales were internally consistent and stable across time, and they were differentially associated with relevant measures of personality in theoretically meaningful ways...
  14. pmc A risk model for preadolescent disordered eating
    Jessica L Combs
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 44:596-604. 2011
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Associations among family-of-origin food-related experiences, expectancies, and disordered eating
    Agnes M Annus
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 40:179-86. 2007
    ..The study reported here integrates research on family-of-origin learning experiences and adult eating/thinness expectancies in the study of risk for eating disordered behavior...
  16. doi request reprint Manipulation of thinness and restricting expectancies: further evidence for a causal role of thinness and restricting expectancies in the etiology of eating disorders
    Agnes M Annus
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40503, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 22:278-87. 2008
    ..These results provide further support for the role of expectancies in the etiology of eating-disordered behaviors...
  17. doi request reprint Learning experiences in dance class predict adult eating disturbance
    Agnes Annus
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40508, USA
    Eur Eat Disord Rev 17:50-60. 2009
    ..Learning experiences about thinness in dance class seem more important than time spent in dance class when examining the relationship between dance study and eating disorders...
  18. pmc Longitudinal validation of the acquired preparedness model of drinking risk
    Regan Fried Settles
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 24:198-208. 2010
    ....
  19. doi request reprint The role of negative urgency and expectancies in problem drinking and disordered eating: testing a model of comorbidity in pathological and at-risk samples
    Sarah Fischer
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 26:112-23. 2012
    ....
  20. pmc The role of personality dispositions to risky behavior in predicting first-year college drinking
    Melissa A Cyders
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
    Addiction 104:193-202. 2009
    ..Recent advances in personality research that have delineated multiple, separate dispositions to engage in risky behaviors may help to clarify the personality contribution to risk for this problem...
  21. pmc Validation of an existing measure of eating disorder risk for use with early adolescents
    Carolyn M Pearson
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40508, USA
    Eat Behav 14:113-8. 2013
    ..The COEDS appears to be a reliable and valid measure for risk assessment in youth; it may prove useful for researchers and clinicians interested in screening for risk and as a means to test whether prevention efforts have reduced risk...
  22. doi request reprint Construct validation theory applied to the study of personality dysfunction
    Tamika C B Zapolski
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY40506 0044, USA
    J Pers 80:1507-31. 2012
    ..The authors further argue that description based on homogeneous dimensions of personality function/dysfunction is more useful because it provides direct connections to validated treatments...
  23. pmc The acquired preparedness risk model applied to smoking in 5th grade children
    Jessica L Combs
    115 Kastle Hall, Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, KY 40506, United States
    Addict Behav 37:331-4. 2012
    ..This model should be investigated longitudinally...
  24. pmc The acquired preparedness model of risk for bulimic symptom development
    Jessica L Combs
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 24:475-86. 2010
    ..This application of a basic science theory to eating disorder risk appears fruitful, and the findings suggest the importance of early interventions that address both disposition and learning...
  25. ncbi request reprint Comparability of the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 between women and men
    Nichea S Spillane
    University of Kentucky, USA
    Assessment 11:85-93. 2004
    ..However the EDI-2 scales were generally less reliable for men, leading to slightly lower Pearson-based estimates of correlations among the measures for men...
  26. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and chronic orofacial pain: an empirical examination of the mutual maintenance model
    Jessica L Burris
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    J Orofac Pain 23:243-52. 2009
    ....
  27. pmc Negative urgency: a personality predictor of externalizing behavior characterized by neuroticism, low conscientiousness, and disagreeableness
    Regan E Settles
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 121:160-72. 2012
    ..Low Conscientiousness did not add to prediction from negative urgency, except in a few cases. The tendency toward affect-driven rash action may underlie many externalizing behaviors...
  28. pmc Longitudinal validation of the urgency traits over the first year of college
    Melissa A Cyders
    Department of Psychology, School of Science, Indiana University Purdue University, Indianapolis, IN 46202 3275, USA
    J Pers Assess 92:63-9. 2010
    ..These results provide further evidence for the validity of the theory of emotion-based rash action and for the measures of positive and negative urgency...
  29. pmc A risk model for disordered eating in late elementary school boys
    Carolyn M Pearson
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 24:696-704. 2010
    ..To this end, it appears that characteristics of boys, including their pubertal status, personalities, and psychosocial learning, help identify boys at risk...
  30. pmc Risk factors for elementary school drinking: pubertal status, personality, and alcohol expectancies concurrently predict fifth grade alcohol consumption
    Rachel L Gunn
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 24:617-27. 2010
    ..Drinker status among fifth graders is not just a function of context and factors external to children: it is predictable from a combination of pubertal status, personality characteristics, and learned alcohol expectancies...
  31. doi request reprint Construct validity of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire in meditating and nonmeditating samples
    Ruth A Baer
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Assessment 15:329-42. 2008
    ..Findings support the construct validity of the FFMQ in a combination of samples not previously investigated...
  32. ncbi request reprint Expectancy influences the operation of personality on behavior
    Sarah Fischer
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 17:108-14. 2003
    ..Thus, the relationships of the trait risk factors to these 2 addictive behaviors are stronger if one also holds certain expectancies for reinforcement from those behaviors...
  33. pmc Preadolescent disordered eating predicts subsequent eating dysfunction
    Jessica L Combs
    University of Kentucky, Department of Psychology, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 38:41-9. 2013
    ..This article tested whether disordered eating in the spring of sixth grade can be predicted by the behaviors of fifth grade elementary school children...
  34. ncbi request reprint Clarifying the role of impulsivity in bulimia nervosa
    Sarah Fischer
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 0044, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 33:406-11. 2003
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint A theory of reservation-dwelling American Indian alcohol use risk
    Nichea S Spillane
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Bull 133:395-418. 2007
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Recent advances in understanding the personality underpinnings of impulsive behavior and their role in risk for addictive behaviors
    Erica L Birkley
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Curr Drug Abuse Rev 4:215-27. 2011
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Women and acquired preparedness: personality and learning implications for alcohol use
    Kristen G Anderson
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 64:384-92. 2003
    ..The model holds that trait disinhibition influences the formation of alcohol expectancies, which then influence drinking levels...
  38. ncbi request reprint Assessment of mindfulness by self-report: the Kentucky inventory of mindfulness skills
    Ruth A Baer
    University of Kentucky, USA
    Assessment 11:191-206. 2004
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Media effects on expectancies: exposure to realistic female images as a protective factor
    Suzannah M Fister
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 18:394-7. 2004
    ..Media exposure to realistic female images appears to lessen the relationship between at-risk status and subsequent endorsement of thinness/restricting expectancies and may therefore disrupt the risk process...
  40. ncbi request reprint Similarities and differences between women and men on eating disorder risk factors and symptom measures
    Laura M Boerner
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Eat Behav 5:209-22. 2004
    ..Men had lower scores on symptom and risk measures, but not on other eating measures...
  41. pmc Emotion-based dispositions to rash action: positive and negative urgency
    Melissa A Cyders
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Bull 134:807-28. 2008
    ..The authors discuss the implications of this theory...
  42. ncbi request reprint Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness
    Ruth A Baer
    University of Kentucky, Kentucky, USA
    Assessment 13:27-45. 2006
    ..Findings suggest that conceptualizing mindfulness as a multifaceted construct is helpful in understanding its components and its relationships with other variables...
  43. pmc The measurement of dispositions to rash action in children
    Tamika C B Zapolski
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Assessment 17:116-25. 2010
    ..Pending further validation efforts, it appears to be the case that researchers may be able to distinguish among different dispositions to rash action prior to adolescence...
  44. doi request reprint Longitudinal test of a developmental model of the transition to early drinking
    Regan E Settles
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky
    J Abnorm Psychol 123:141-51. 2014
    ..In addition, the alcohol expectancy and drinker status predicted each other reciprocally across time. Multiple factors appear to transact to predict early drinking behavior. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). ..
  45. pmc Less drinking, yet more problems: understanding African American drinking and related problems
    Tamika C B Zapolski
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky
    Psychol Bull 140:188-223. 2014
    ..Further empirical research will be needed to test our theories and otherwise move this important field forward. A focus on within-group variation in drinking patterns and problems is necessary. We suggest several new avenues of inquiry...
  46. pmc Scientific advances in the diagnosis of psychopathology: introduction to the special section
    Gregory T Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Assess 21:241-2. 2009
    ..The articles in this special section play 2 roles: They describe the fundamental changes that are necessary, and they provide a stepping stone for the next wave of advances in psychological assessment research...
  47. doi request reprint Relations among religiousness, spirituality, and sexual practices
    Jessica L Burris
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    J Sex Res 46:282-9. 2009
    ..Spirituality appears to have a unique and strong association with the sexual practices of young adults, particularly women, and should be assessed in future studies of young adults' sexual practices...
  48. pmc Construct validity: advances in theory and methodology
    Milton E Strauss
    Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 0001, USA
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 5:1-25. 2009
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint Similarities and differences between Caucasian and African American college women on eating and dieting expectancies, bulimic symptoms, dietary restraint, and disinhibition
    Jana G Atlas
    Division of School Psychology, Alfred University, Alfred, New York, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 32:326-34. 2002
    ..To clarify race differences in eating disorder risk factors and symptoms, by comparing Caucasian and African American samples on the factor structures, intercorrelations, and mean levels of endorsement on a set of risk and symptom measures...
  50. ncbi request reprint Reliability, stability, and factor structure of the Bulimia Test-Revised and Eating Disorder Inventory-2 scales in adolescence
    Denis M McCarthy
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, 65211, USA
    Assessment 9:382-9. 2002
    ..These results provide evidence of good psychometric performance for these scales in adolescence. The lack of change in these measures raises questions about the developmental trajectory of these variables through adolescence...
  51. ncbi request reprint Validation of eating and dieting expectancy measures in two adolescent samples
    Jean R Simmons
    The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 31:461-73. 2002
    ..To demonstrate the validity of two measures of eating and dieting expectancies (The Eating Expectancy Inventory [EEI] and the Thinness and Restricting Expectancy Inventory, [TREI]) for use with adolescents...
  52. ncbi request reprint Elementary school drinking: the role of temperament and learning
    Kristen G Anderson
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 19:21-7. 2005
    ..Disinhibition moderated the relation between positive alcohol expectancies and drinking in some cases. Mediation was not supported...
  53. ncbi request reprint Advancing the expectancy concept via the interplay between theory and research
    Frances K Del Boca
    University of South Florida, Tampa 33620 8200, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 26:926-35. 2002
    ..Consistent with the notion of consilience, expectancy theory has demonstrated a convergence of findings across different levels of analysis, as well as across different operations, methods, and research designs...