James Shikany

Summary

Affiliation: University of Alabama at Birmingham
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Awareness and management of chronic disease, insurance status, and health professional shortage areas in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS): a cross-sectional study
    Raegan W Durant
    University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, 1717 11th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:208. 2012
  2. doi request reprint Randomized controlled trial of chewing gum for weight loss
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 20:547-52. 2012
  3. pmc Dietary glycemic load, glycemic index, and carbohydrate and risk of breast cancer in the Women's Health Initiative
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham Alabama 35294, USA
    Nutr Cancer 63:899-907. 2011
  4. pmc Effects of a low-fat dietary intervention on glucose, insulin, and insulin resistance in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Dietary Modification trial
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:75-85. 2011
  5. doi request reprint Dietary carbohydrate, glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of prostate cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (PLCO) cohort
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1530 3rd Ave S, MT 610, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 22:995-1002. 2011
  6. pmc Association of glycemic load with cardiovascular disease risk factors: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Nutrition 26:641-7. 2010
  7. pmc Effects of low- and high-glycemic index/glycemic load diets on coronary heart disease risk factors in overweight/obese men
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 4410, USA
    Metabolism 58:1793-801. 2009
  8. ncbi request reprint Antioxidant supplement use in Women's Health Initiative participants
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294, USA
    Prev Med 36:379-87. 2003
  9. pmc Divergence in popular diets relative to diets consumed by Americans, and implications for diet selection
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    MedGenMed 9:8. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Effect of folic acid fortification of foods on folate intake in female smokers with cervical dysplasia
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, the Department of Nutrition Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 4410, USA
    Nutrition 20:409-14. 2004

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications24

  1. pmc Awareness and management of chronic disease, insurance status, and health professional shortage areas in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS): a cross-sectional study
    Raegan W Durant
    University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, 1717 11th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:208. 2012
    ..We examined variation in awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia according to both geographic and financial access to care...
  2. doi request reprint Randomized controlled trial of chewing gum for weight loss
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 20:547-52. 2012
    ..Analyses including completers only produced essentially the same results. We conclude that chewing gum on a regular schedule for 8 weeks did not facilitate weight loss in these overweight and obese adults...
  3. pmc Dietary glycemic load, glycemic index, and carbohydrate and risk of breast cancer in the Women's Health Initiative
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham Alabama 35294, USA
    Nutr Cancer 63:899-907. 2011
    ..07). Although there was no evidence of associations between GL, GI, or carbohydrate and total breast cancer risk in WHI participants, the suggestion of an association between GL and risk of in situ cancers requires further investigation...
  4. pmc Effects of a low-fat dietary intervention on glucose, insulin, and insulin resistance in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Dietary Modification trial
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:75-85. 2011
    ..Glycemic effects of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) low-fat dietary intervention are unknown...
  5. doi request reprint Dietary carbohydrate, glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of prostate cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (PLCO) cohort
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1530 3rd Ave S, MT 610, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 22:995-1002. 2011
    ..To evaluate the associations between dietary carbohydrate, glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), and incident prostate cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (PLCO) cohort...
  6. pmc Association of glycemic load with cardiovascular disease risk factors: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Nutrition 26:641-7. 2010
    ....
  7. pmc Effects of low- and high-glycemic index/glycemic load diets on coronary heart disease risk factors in overweight/obese men
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 4410, USA
    Metabolism 58:1793-801. 2009
    ..Overall, high- and low-GI/GL diets of 4 weeks' duration had no consistent effects on coronary heart disease risk factors in this group of overweight/obese men...
  8. ncbi request reprint Antioxidant supplement use in Women's Health Initiative participants
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294, USA
    Prev Med 36:379-87. 2003
    ..Although antioxidant supplements are widely available and commonly used in the United States, there is a lack of detailed information on their use, including types of supplements used, doses, duration of use, and changes in use over time...
  9. pmc Divergence in popular diets relative to diets consumed by Americans, and implications for diet selection
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    MedGenMed 9:8. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that because most of these diets differ greatly from the way most Americans spontaneously eat, the choice of a WLD may be less critical than the decision to adopt any WLD...
  10. ncbi request reprint Effect of folic acid fortification of foods on folate intake in female smokers with cervical dysplasia
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, the Department of Nutrition Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 4410, USA
    Nutrition 20:409-14. 2004
    ..We investigated the effect of folic acid fortification of enriched cereal grains on folate intake in women of predominantly childbearing age at high risk for cervical cancer...
  11. pmc Glycemic index and glycemic load of popular weight-loss diets
    James M Shikany
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    MedGenMed 8:22. 2006
    ..Carbohydrate-restricted diets have been popular in recent years. The theoretical glycemic impact of these diets, compared with other popular weight-loss diets, has not been reported...
  12. ncbi request reprint Plasma adiponectin concentrations and correlates in African Americans in the Hypertension Genetic Epidemiology Network (HyperGEN) study
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Metabolism 56:1011-6. 2007
    ..The directions of the associations of plasma adiponectin with other factors were in agreement with results in other racial/ethnic groups...
  13. ncbi request reprint Predictors of non-spine fracture in elderly men: the MrOS study
    Cora E Lewis
    University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35205, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 22:211-9. 2007
    ..1 years. Six clinical risk factors predicted fracture risk independent of hip BMD: tricyclic antidepressant use, previous fracture, inability to complete a narrow walk trial, falls in previous year, age > or =80 years, and depressed mood...
  14. ncbi request reprint Burden of comorbid medical conditions and quality of diabetes care
    Jewell H Halanych
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:2999-3004. 2007
    ..We sought to examine the relationship between comorbidity and commonly assessed services for diabetic patients in a managed care organization...
  15. doi request reprint Is dietary fat "fattening"? A comprehensive research synthesis
    James M Shikany
    Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, MT610 Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:699-715. 2010
    ..General recommendations to reduce dietary fat to promote weight loss or maintenance in all circumstances may merit reconsideration...
  16. doi request reprint Serum urate and its relationship with alcoholic beverage intake in men and women: findings from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) cohort
    Angelo L Gaffo
    Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Ann Rheum Dis 69:1965-70. 2010
    ..To investigate if beer, liquor (spirits), wine and total alcohol intakes have different associations with serum urate (SU) concentrations at different ages in a cohort of young men and women...
  17. ncbi request reprint Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of invasive breast cancer: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial
    Ross L Prentice
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Wash 98109, USA
    JAMA 295:629-42. 2006
    ..The hypothesis that a low-fat dietary pattern can reduce breast cancer risk has existed for decades but has never been tested in a controlled intervention trial...
  18. ncbi request reprint Development of a glycemic index database for food frequency questionnaires used in epidemiologic studies
    Marian L Neuhouser
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Nutr 136:1604-9. 2006
    ..The augmentation of this FFQ database with GI and GL values will enable etiologic investigations of GI and GL with numerous disease outcomes in the WHI and other epidemiologic studies that utilize this FFQ...
  19. pmc Low-fat dietary pattern and cancer incidence in the Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Randomized Controlled Trial
    Ross L Prentice
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Avenue North, PO Box 19024, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:1534-43. 2007
    ..The trial protocol also listed ovarian cancer and endometrial cancer as outcomes that may be favorably affected by the intervention...
  20. doi request reprint Calcium, vitamin D supplementation, and physical function in the Women's Health Initiative
    Robert L Brunner
    University of Nevada School of Medicine, PMB 251, MS 145, Reno, NV 89557, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:1472-9. 2008
    ..Now we examine whether the treatment affected self-reported physical functioning and objective measures of physical functioning...
  21. doi request reprint Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of treated diabetes mellitus in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled dietary modification trial
    Lesley F Tinker
    Women s Health Initiative, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, PO Box 19024, Mail Stop M3 A410, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:1500-11. 2008
    ..This study was undertaken to assess the effects of a low-fat dietary pattern on incidence of treated diabetes among generally healthy postmenopausal women...
  22. ncbi request reprint Rural African Americans' dietary knowledge, perceptions, and behavior in relation to cardiovascular disease
    Ralphenia Pace
    Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Tuskegee University, 204 TM Campbell Hall, Tuskegee, AL 36088, USA
    Ethn Dis 18:6-12. 2008
    ....
  23. pmc Selected antioxidants and risk of hormone receptor-defined invasive breast cancers among postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study
    Yan Cui
    Office of Health Assessment and Epidemiology, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA 90012, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1009-18. 2008
    ..Few studies have evaluated carotenoids and vitamins C and E in association with the risk of breast cancers defined by estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status...
  24. pmc Serum vitamin D concentration and prostate cancer risk: a nested case-control study
    Jiyoung Ahn
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, 6120 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:796-804. 2008
    ....

Research Grants2

  1. GLYCEMIC INDEX/GLYCEMIC LOAD AND BLOOD LIPIDS IN THE WHI
    James Shikany; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Existing WHI FFQs will then be reanalyzed to calculate each participant's mean dietary GI and GL. Existing blood glucose, insulin, and lipid data for these WHI participants will be used in the data analyses. ..