John A Shepherd

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Outcomes of screening mammography by frequency, breast density, and postmenopausal hormone therapy
    Karla Kerlikowske
    General Internal Medicine Section, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 4150 Clement St, Mailing Code 111A1, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    JAMA Intern Med 173:807-16. 2013
  2. doi Screening mammography in women less than age 50 years
    Karla Kerlikowske
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 24:38-43. 2012
  3. pmc Breast cancer risk by breast density, menopause, and postmenopausal hormone therapy use
    Karla Kerlikowske
    General Internal Medicine Section, University of California, San Francisco Coordinating Center, California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Clin Oncol 28:3830-7. 2010
  4. pmc Biomarker expression and risk of subsequent tumors after initial ductal carcinoma in situ diagnosis
    Karla Kerlikowske
    University of California, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA corrected
    J Natl Cancer Inst 102:627-37. 2010
  5. pmc Comparative effectiveness of digital versus film-screen mammography in community practice in the United States: a cohort study
    Karla Kerlikowske
    University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Ann Intern Med 155:493-502. 2011
  6. ncbi Longitudinal measurement of clinical mammographic breast density to improve estimation of breast cancer risk
    Karla Kerlikowske
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Veterans Affairs, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:386-95. 2007
  7. pmc Obesity, mammography use and accuracy, and advanced breast cancer risk
    Karla Kerlikowske
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, General Internal Medicine Section, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:1724-33. 2008
  8. ncbi Declines in invasive breast cancer and use of postmenopausal hormone therapy in a screening mammography population
    Karla Kerlikowske
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:1335-9. 2007
  9. doi Epidemiology of ductal carcinoma in situ
    Karla Kerlikowske
    General Internal Medicine Section, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of California, San Francisco, 4150 Clement St, 111A1, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr 2010:139-41. 2010
  10. pmc Screening outcomes in older US women undergoing multiple mammograms in community practice: does interval, age, or comorbidity score affect tumor characteristics or false positive rates?
    Dejana Braithwaite
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, 185 Berry St, Ste 5700, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 105:334-41. 2013

Detail Information

Publications103 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Outcomes of screening mammography by frequency, breast density, and postmenopausal hormone therapy
    Karla Kerlikowske
    General Internal Medicine Section, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 4150 Clement St, Mailing Code 111A1, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    JAMA Intern Med 173:807-16. 2013
    ..Controversy exists about the frequency women should undergo screening mammography and whether screening interval should vary according to risk factors beyond age...
  2. doi Screening mammography in women less than age 50 years
    Karla Kerlikowske
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 24:38-43. 2012
    ..For women aged 40-49 years, to describe the benefits and harms of performing screening mammography, accuracy of digital mammography, and new evidence on the effectiveness of risk-based screening...
  3. pmc Breast cancer risk by breast density, menopause, and postmenopausal hormone therapy use
    Karla Kerlikowske
    General Internal Medicine Section, University of California, San Francisco Coordinating Center, California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Clin Oncol 28:3830-7. 2010
    ..We determined whether the association between breast density and breast cancer risk and cancer severity differs according to menopausal status and postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT) use...
  4. pmc Biomarker expression and risk of subsequent tumors after initial ductal carcinoma in situ diagnosis
    Karla Kerlikowske
    University of California, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA corrected
    J Natl Cancer Inst 102:627-37. 2010
    ..Studies have failed to identify characteristics of women who have been diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and have a high or low risk of subsequent invasive cancer...
  5. pmc Comparative effectiveness of digital versus film-screen mammography in community practice in the United States: a cohort study
    Karla Kerlikowske
    University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Ann Intern Med 155:493-502. 2011
    ..Few studies have examined the comparative effectiveness of digital versus film-screen mammography in U.S. community practice...
  6. ncbi Longitudinal measurement of clinical mammographic breast density to improve estimation of breast cancer risk
    Karla Kerlikowske
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Veterans Affairs, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:386-95. 2007
    ..Whether a change over time in clinically measured mammographic breast density influences breast cancer risk is unknown...
  7. pmc Obesity, mammography use and accuracy, and advanced breast cancer risk
    Karla Kerlikowske
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, General Internal Medicine Section, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:1724-33. 2008
    ....
  8. ncbi Declines in invasive breast cancer and use of postmenopausal hormone therapy in a screening mammography population
    Karla Kerlikowske
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:1335-9. 2007
    ....
  9. doi Epidemiology of ductal carcinoma in situ
    Karla Kerlikowske
    General Internal Medicine Section, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of California, San Francisco, 4150 Clement St, 111A1, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr 2010:139-41. 2010
    ..New information regarding incidence of DCIS and subtypes of DCIS according to frequency of mammography and risk factors could lead to insights into the biology of DCIS...
  10. pmc Screening outcomes in older US women undergoing multiple mammograms in community practice: does interval, age, or comorbidity score affect tumor characteristics or false positive rates?
    Dejana Braithwaite
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, 185 Berry St, Ste 5700, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 105:334-41. 2013
    ..Conclusion Women aged 66 to 89 years who undergo biennial screening mammography have similar risk of advanced-stage disease and lower cumulative risk of a false-positive recommendation than annual screeners, regardless of comorbidity...
  11. pmc Prevention of breast cancer in postmenopausal women: approaches to estimating and reducing risk
    Steven R Cummings
    San Francisco Coordinating Center, California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute, 94107, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:384-98. 2009
    ..It is uncertain whether evidence supports routinely estimating a postmenopausal woman's risk of breast cancer and intervening to reduce risk...
  12. ncbi Prognostic characteristics of breast cancer among postmenopausal hormone users in a screened population
    Karla Kerlikowske
    San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, General Internal Medicine Section, 111A1, 4150 Clement St, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    J Clin Oncol 21:4314-21. 2003
    ..We determined the risk of breast cancer and tumor characteristics among current postmenopausal hormone therapy users compared with nonusers, by duration of use...
  13. ncbi Physician predictors of mammographic accuracy
    Rebecca Smith-Bindman
    Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, 1600 Divisadero St, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 97:358-67. 2005
    ..The association between physician experience and the accuracy of screening mammography in community practice is not well studied. We identified characteristics of U.S. physicians associated with the accuracy of screening mammography...
  14. pmc Average household exposure to newspaper coverage about the harmful effects of hormone therapy and population-based declines in hormone therapy use
    Jennifer S Haas
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02120 1613, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:68-73. 2007
    ..The news media facilitated the rapid dissemination of the findings from the estrogen plus progestin therapy arm of the Women's Health Initiative (EPT-WHI)...
  15. ncbi Are breast density and bone mineral density independent risk factors for breast cancer?
    Karla Kerlikowske
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 97:368-74. 2005
    ..We determined whether mammographic breast density and BMD of the hip and spine are correlated and independently associated with breast cancer risk...
  16. ncbi Variation in screening mammography and Papanicolaou smear by primary care physician specialty and gatekeeper plan (United States)
    David A Haggstrom
    San Francisco General Hospital, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
    Cancer Causes Control 15:883-92. 2004
    ..To assess whether the specialty of a patient's primary care physician or being part of a gatekeeper plan influence breast and cervical cancer screening...
  17. pmc Variability in interpretive performance at screening mammography and radiologists' characteristics associated with accuracy
    Joann G Elmore
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Ave, Box 359780, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Radiology 253:641-51. 2009
    ..To identify radiologists' characteristics associated with interpretive performance in screening mammography...
  18. ncbi Can Medicare billing claims data be used to assess mammography utilization among women ages 65 and older?
    Rebecca Smith-Bindman
    Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    Med Care 44:463-70. 2006
    ..Medicare data may be a useful source for determining the utilization of mammography among elderly women, but the accuracy of these data has not been established...
  19. pmc Using clinical factors and mammographic breast density to estimate breast cancer risk: development and validation of a new predictive model
    Jeffrey A Tice
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 1732, USA
    Ann Intern Med 148:337-47. 2008
    ..Current models for assessing breast cancer risk are complex and do not include breast density, a strong risk factor for breast cancer that is routinely reported with mammography...
  20. ncbi Breast cancer yield for screening mammographic examinations with recommendation for short-interval follow-up
    Karla Kerlikowske
    Dept of Medicine and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Univ of California, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    Radiology 234:684-92. 2005
    ..To compare cancer yield for screening examinations with recommendation for short-interval follow-up after diagnostic imaging work-up versus after screening mammography only...
  21. ncbi Characteristics associated with recurrence among women with ductal carcinoma in situ treated by lumpectomy
    Karla Kerlikowske
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 95:1692-702. 2003
    ..We identified factors associated with recurrence as DCIS versus invasive breast cancer and determined the 5-year absolute risks of recurrence as a function of these factors...
  22. ncbi Clinical comparison of a novel breast DXA technique to mammographic density
    John A Shepherd
    Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Med Phys 33:1490-8. 2006
    ..We conclude that breast composition can be precisely evaluated and assessed with clinical DXA densitometers at a lower dose than with mammographic breast density methods...
  23. ncbi Breast cancer risk reduction options: awareness, discussion, and use among women from four ethnic groups
    Celia Patricia Kaplan
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, CA 94143 0856, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:162-6. 2006
    ..With recent advances in breast cancer risk reduction practices, it is increasingly important to assess both the breadth of and disparities in use across different racial/ethnic groups...
  24. pmc Long-term prognostic role of functional limitations among women with breast cancer
    Dejana Braithwaite
    Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center and the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, 185 Berry St, Ste 5700, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 102:1468-77. 2010
    ..The long-term prognostic role of functional limitations among women with breast cancer is poorly understood...
  25. doi Timeliness of abnormal screening and diagnostic mammography follow-up at facilities serving vulnerable women
    L Elizabeth Goldman
    Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Med Care 51:307-14. 2013
    ..Whether timeliness of follow-up after abnormal mammography differs at facilities serving vulnerable populations, such as women with limited education or income, in rural areas, and racial/ethnic minorities is unknown...
  26. pmc Disclosing harmful mammography errors to patients
    Thomas H Gallagher
    Department of Medicine, and Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Washington, 4311 11th Ave NE, Suite 230, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
    Radiology 253:443-52. 2009
    ..To assess radiologists' attitudes about disclosing errors to patients by using a survey with a vignette involving an error interpreting a patient's mammogram, leading to a delayed cancer diagnosis...
  27. pmc Positive predictive value of specific mammographic findings according to reader and patient variables
    Aruna Venkatesan
    School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 513 Parnassus Ave, Room S 245, San Francisco, CA 94143 0454, USA
    Radiology 250:648-57. 2009
    ....
  28. doi High mammographic breast density is independent predictor of local but not distant recurrence after lumpectomy and radiotherapy for invasive breast cancer
    Catherine C Park
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 73:75-9. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that the MBD might be a predictor of LRR after BCS and RT for invasive breast cancer...
  29. ncbi Mammographic breast density and the Gail model for breast cancer risk prediction in a screening population
    Jeffrey A Tice
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 1732, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 94:115-22. 2005
    ..Although the current standard, the Gail model, is well calibrated in populations, it performs poorly for individuals. Mammographic breast density (BD) may improve the predictive accuracy of the Gail model...
  30. pmc Missed opportunities: family history and behavioral risk factors in breast cancer risk assessment among a multiethnic group of women
    Leah S Karliner
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Medical Effectiveness Research Center for Diverse Populations, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:308-14. 2007
    ..Clinician's knowledge of a woman's cancer family history (CFH) and counseling about health-related behaviors (HRB) is necessary for appropriate breast cancer care...
  31. ncbi Comparing the performance of mammography screening in the USA and the UK
    Rebecca Smith-Bindman
    Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Med Screen 12:50-4. 2005
    ..Efforts to improve mammographic screening in the USA should target lowering the recall rate without reducing the cancer detection rate...
  32. ncbi Does utilization of screening mammography explain racial and ethnic differences in breast cancer?
    Rebecca Smith-Bindman
    University of California and San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94115, USA
    Ann Intern Med 144:541-53. 2006
    ..Reasons for persistent differences in breast cancer mortality rates among various racial and ethnic groups have been difficult to ascertain...
  33. ncbi Perceived risk of breast cancer among women at average and increased risk
    Jennifer S Haas
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02120 1613, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 14:845-51. 2005
    ..This study examined characteristics associated with perception of breast cancer risk among women at average and increased risk...
  34. ncbi Differences in screening mammography outcomes among White, Chinese, and Filipino women
    Karla Kerlikowske
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:1862-8. 2005
    ..The accuracy of screening mammography among Asian women in the United States has received little attention. We determined whether the accuracy of screening mammography for Chinese and Filipino women differs from that of white women...
  35. pmc Single x-ray absorptiometry method for the quantitative mammographic measure of fibroglandular tissue volume
    Serghei Malkov
    Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Med Phys 36:5525-36. 2009
    ....
  36. pmc Compositional breast imaging using a dual-energy mammography protocol
    Aurelie D Laidevant
    Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Med Phys 37:164-74. 2010
    ..This article describes a novel approach to dual-energy mammography, full-field digital compositional mammography (FFDCM), which can independently image the three compositional components of breast tissue: water, lipid, and protein...
  37. pmc Changes in invasive breast cancer and ductal carcinoma in situ rates in relation to the decline in hormone therapy use
    Ghada N Farhat
    San Francisco Coordinating Center, California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Clin Oncol 28:5140-6. 2010
    ..To assess trends in invasive breast cancer and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) incidence in association with changes in hormone therapy (HT) use in regular mammography screeners...
  38. doi Screening and prevention of breast cancer in primary care
    Jeffrey A Tice
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 1701 Divisadero Street, Suite 554, San Francisco, CA 94143 1732, USA
    Prim Care 36:533-58. 2009
    ....
  39. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of extending cervical cancer screening intervals among women with prior normal pap tests
    Shalini L Kulasingam
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 107:321-8. 2006
    ..We estimated the cost-effectiveness of screening women with 3 or more prior normal tests compared with screening those with no prior tests...
  40. ncbi Mammographic density and estrogen receptor status of breast cancer
    Elad Ziv
    Department of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco, 1635 Divisadero Street, Suite 600, San Francisco, CA 04115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:2090-5. 2004
    ..We determined if mammographic density is associated more strongly with ER-positive breast cancer than with ER-negative breast cancer...
  41. ncbi Association between breast density and subsequent breast cancer following treatment for ductal carcinoma in situ
    E Shelley Hwang
    Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco Cancer Center, 1600 Divisadero Avenue, B606 San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:2587-93. 2007
    ..All subjects had an American College of Radiology Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) breast density measure recorded prior to diagnosis...
  42. ncbi Detection of ductal carcinoma in situ in women undergoing screening mammography
    Virginia L Ernster
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 94:1546-54. 2002
    ..We pooled data from seven regional mammography registries to determine the percentage of mammographically detected cancers that are DCIS and the rate of DCIS per 1000 mammograms...
  43. pmc Accuracy of diagnostic mammography at facilities serving vulnerable women
    L Elizabeth Goldman
    Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Med Care 49:67-75. 2011
    ..Whether accuracy of diagnostic mammography at facilities serving vulnerable women differs from other facilities is unknown...
  44. doi Physician workload in mammography
    Rebecca Smith-Bindman
    Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, China Basin Landing, 185 Berry St, STE 350, Lobby 7, Campus Box 0946, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 190:526-32. 2008
    ..The purpose of our study was to estimate per-physician annual volumes of mammography interpretation...
  45. ncbi Mammographic breast density and family history of breast cancer
    Elad Ziv
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 95:556-8. 2003
    ..37, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.96 to 1.89; BI-RADS 3, OR = 1.70, 95% CI = 1.19 to 2.40; BI-RADS 4, OR = 1.70, 95% CI = 1.05 to 2.71). Thus, the genetic factors that determine breast density may determine breast cancer risk...
  46. pmc Volume of mammographic density and risk of breast cancer
    John A Shepherd
    Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 20:1473-82. 2011
    ....
  47. pmc Changes in newspaper coverage about hormone therapy with the release of new medical evidence
    Jennifer S Haas
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02120 1613, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:304-9. 2006
    ..Differential coverage by lay newspapers may have contributed to the differential impact...
  48. pmc An assessment of the quality of mammography care at facilities treating medically vulnerable populations
    L Elizabeth Goldman
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Med Care 46:701-8. 2008
    ..Whether mammography facilities that treat vulnerable women demonstrate lower quality of care than other facilities is unknown...
  49. ncbi Novel use of single X-ray absorptiometry for measuring breast density
    John A Shepherd
    Musuloskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Technol Cancer Res Treat 4:173-82. 2005
    ..Using phantoms, BD(SXA) has been shown to have a long-term repeatability of better than 2% for a breast composition range of 0 to 100% fibroglandular density...
  50. ncbi Comparison of screening mammography in the United States and the United kingdom
    Rebecca Smith-Bindman
    Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco 94115, USA
    JAMA 290:2129-37. 2003
    ..Screening mammography differs between the United States and the United Kingdom; a direct comparison may suggest methods to improve the practice...
  51. ncbi A generalized least significant change for individuals measured on different DXA systems
    John A Shepherd
    Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0946, USA
    J Clin Densitom 10:249-58. 2007
    ..We conclude that the GLSC, defined using commonly used clinical cross-calibration and precision assessments, is the most accurate method to compare scans between dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry systems...
  52. ncbi Improved 4-compartment body-composition model for a clinically accessible measure of total body protein
    Joseph P Wilson
    University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 97:497-504. 2013
    ..Unfortunately, there is not a clinically accessible method to measure total body protein, which is the functional mass of muscle...
  53. doi A multinational study to develop universal standardization of whole-body bone density and composition using GE Healthcare Lunar and Hologic DXA systems
    John A Shepherd
    Department of Radiology and Bioimaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 27:2208-16. 2012
    ..The equations we derived reduce differences between BMD and body composition as determined by GE Healthcare Lunar and Hologic systems and will facilitate combining study results in clinical or epidemiological studies...
  54. ncbi How do personal characteristics affect sensitivity and specificity of mammography?
    Karla Kerlikowske
    University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Nat Clin Pract Oncol 2:16-7. 2005
  55. ncbi Patterns of chromosomal alterations in breast ductal carcinoma in situ
    E Shelley Hwang
    Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94115, USA
    Clin Cancer Res 10:5160-7. 2004
    ..Genomic changes specific to pure DCIS versus invasive cancer, as well as alterations unique to individual DCIS subtypes, have not been fully defined...
  56. pmc Abrogated response to cellular stress identifies DCIS associated with subsequent tumor events and defines basal-like breast tumors
    Mona L Gauthier
    Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Cancer Cell 12:479-91. 2007
    ..Assessment of these biomarkers in DCIS begins to allow prediction of tumor formation years before it actually occurs...
  57. doi Total and regional body volumes derived from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry output
    Joseph P Wilson
    University of California Berkeley UCSF Graduate Program in Bioengineering, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    J Clin Densitom 16:368-73. 2013
    ....
  58. doi Comparing BMD results between two similar DXA systems using the generalized least significant change
    John A Shepherd
    Department of Radiology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0946, USA
    J Clin Densitom 11:237-42. 2008
    ..A revision of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry's policies for comparing scans from systems of the same technology may be appropriate...
  59. ncbi Computer-assisted technique to delineate osteolytic lesions around the femoral component in total hip arthroplasty
    Sven Prevrhal
    Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94107, USA
    J Arthroplasty 23:833-8. 2008
    ..2% to 4.8%. The new technique compares favorably to precision of qualitative visual assessment and permits more accurate detection and quantitation of osteolytic lesions...
  60. pmc Smoking and survival after breast cancer diagnosis: a prospective observational study and systematic review
    Dejana Braithwaite
    Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 136:521-33. 2012
    ..Women who smoke following breast cancer diagnosis and treatment are at higher risk of death both from breast cancer and other causes...
  61. pmc Clinical and biomarker predictors of side effects from tamoxifen
    Wendy Lorizio
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 132:1107-18. 2012
    ..The association between endoxifen levels and side effects is consistent with the data that suggest that endoxifen is the most highly active metabolite of tamoxifen...
  62. doi Language barriers, location of care, and delays in follow-up of abnormal mammograms
    Leah S Karliner
    Department of Medicine, Medical Effectiveness Research Center for Diverse Populations, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Med Care 50:171-8. 2012
    ..Breast cancer is frequently diagnosed after an abnormal mammography result. Language barriers can complicate communication of those results...
  63. pmc Evaluation and outcomes of women with a breast lump and a normal mammogram result
    Jennifer S Haas
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02120 1613, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:692-6. 2005
    ..Many women experience a breast lump. Clinical guidelines suggest that a normal mammogram result alone is not adequate to exclude a diagnosis of cancer...
  64. ncbi Accuracy of mammographic breast density analysis: results of formal operator training
    Sven Prevrhal
    Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 1250, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11:1389-93. 2002
    ....
  65. ncbi Trends in colonoscopy for colorectal cancer screening
    Kathryn A Phillips
    University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Med Care 45:160-7. 2007
    ..A major health priority is to increase colorectal cancer screening, and colonoscopy has become an increasingly important method of screening. The Medicare program began coverage for colonoscopy for average risk individuals in 2001...
  66. ncbi Evaluation of abnormal mammography results and palpable breast abnormalities
    Karla Kerlikowske
    University of California, San Francisco, General Internal Medicine Section, Department of Veterans Affairs, San Francisco, California 94121, USA
    Ann Intern Med 139:274-84. 2003
    ....
  67. pmc Agreement of mammographic measures of volumetric breast density to MRI
    Jeff Wang
    Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e81653. 2013
    ..Automated technologies for mammography exist to quantify breast density objectively, but the technique that most accurately measures the quantity of breast fibroglandular tissue is not known...
  68. pmc Breast density assessment in adolescent girls using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry: a feasibility study
    John A Shepherd
    Musuloskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0946, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:1709-13. 2008
    ..4% and 16.6 cm(3)). These pilot data indicate that dedicated DXA breast scans may be useful in studies exploring breast density in girls...
  69. doi Comparison of DXA hip structural analysis with volumetric QCT
    Sven Prevrhal
    Department of Radiology, UCSF, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA
    J Clin Densitom 11:232-6. 2008
    ..5 for CSMI) and standard DXA at the neck (r2=0.82 for BMD). HSA and volumetric QCT compared favorably, which supports the validity of a projective technique such as DXA to derive geometrical properties of the proximal hip...
  70. pmc Optimal monitoring time interval between DXA measures in children
    John A Shepherd
    Department of Radiology, Bone and Breast Density Research Group, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 26:2745-52. 2011
    ..MTI was neither useful nor stable in late adolescence and young adulthood. Alternative criteria to determine scan intervals must be used in this age range...
  71. pmc CD36 repression activates a multicellular stromal program shared by high mammographic density and tumor tissues
    Rosa Anna DeFilippis
    Department of Pathology, Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Cancer Discov 2:826-39. 2012
    ..Levels of CD36 and extent of mammographic density are both modifiable factors that provide potential for intervention...
  72. pmc Are gatekeeper requirements associated with cancer screening utilization?
    Kathryn A Phillips
    School of Pharmacy, Institute of Health Policy Studies, UCSF Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA
    Health Serv Res 39:153-78. 2004
    ..Our objective was to examine whether gatekeeper requirements are associated with the utilization of cancer screening for breast, cervical, and prostate cancer...
  73. ncbi Protective association of aspirin/NSAIDs and esophageal cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Douglas A Corley
    Northern California Kaiser Division of Research, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, 2238 Geary Boulevard, GI 2 West, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    Gastroenterology 124:47-56. 2003
    ..We performed a systematic review with meta-analysis of observational studies evaluating the association of aspirin/nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use and esophageal cancer...
  74. pmc Ratio of trunk to leg volume as a new body shape metric for diabetes and mortality
    Joseph P Wilson
    University of California Berkeley University of California San Francisco Graduate Program in Bioengineering, San Francisco, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e68716. 2013
    ..We determined whether a novel body shape measure, trunk to leg volume ratio, was independently associated with diabetes and mortality...
  75. pmc Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry-based body volume measurement for 4-compartment body composition
    Joseph P Wilson
    University of California, Berkeley University of California, San Francisco Graduate Program in Bioengineering, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:25-31. 2012
    ..Total body volume (TBV), with the exclusion of internal air voids, is necessary to quantify body composition in Lohman's 4-compartment (4C) model...
  76. pmc Dual-energy and low-kVp CT in the abdomen
    Benjamin M Yeh
    Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, Box 0628, M 372, 505 Parnassus Ave, San Francisco, CA 94143 0628, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 193:47-54. 2009
    ..The purpose of this article is to discuss the influence of tube potential on CT images and explore the potential impact of dual-energy CT on imaging of the abdomen and pelvis...
  77. doi Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry with serum ferritin predicts liver iron concentration and changes in concentration better than ferritin alone
    John A Shepherd
    Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Clin Densitom 13:399-406. 2010
    ....
  78. ncbi T-scores and Z-scores
    John A Shepherd
    Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Clin Densitom 10:349-50. 2007
  79. ncbi Factors affecting participation in a breast cancer risk reduction telephone survey among women from four racial/ethnic groups
    Genevieve Des Jarlais
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Medical Effectiveness Research Center, University of California, 3333 California Street, Suite 335, San Francisco, CA 94143 0856, USA
    Prev Med 41:720-7. 2005
    ..Little is known about the participation of minorities in health behavior research. This manuscript assesses factors associated with participation among women in four racial/ethnic groups...
  80. doi Executive summary of the 2013 International Society for Clinical Densitometry Position Development Conference on Body Composition
    John A Shepherd
    Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA Electronic address
    J Clin Densitom 16:489-95. 2013
    ..Three separate articles in this issue will detail the rationale, discussion, and additional research topics for each question the Task Forces addressed. ..
  81. ncbi First pregnancy events and future breast density: modification by age at first pregnancy and specific VEGF and IGF1R gene variants
    Lee Ann Prebil
    Marin County Department of Health and Human Services, 899 Northgate Drive, Suite 415, San Rafael, CA, 94903, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 25:859-68. 2014
    ..Our objective was to examine the relationship between first pregnancy characteristics and later life breast density, and whether the association is modified by genotype...
  82. pmc Effect of 1 year of an intentional weight loss intervention on bone mineral density in type 2 diabetes: results from the Look AHEAD randomized trial
    Ann V Schwartz
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 27:619-27. 2012
    ..One year of an intensive lifestyle intervention in adults with type 2 diabetes, resulting in weight loss, was associated with a modest increase in hip bone loss despite improved fitness and glycemic control...
  83. ncbi Accuracy of CT-based thickness measurement of thin structures: modeling of limited spatial resolution in all three dimensions
    Sven Prevrhal
    Osteoporosis and Arthritis Research Group, Department of Radiology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94117, USA
    Med Phys 30:1-8. 2003
    ....
  84. pmc Do fatty breasts increase or decrease breast cancer risk?
    John A Shepherd
    Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, 4150 Clement Street VAMC 111A1, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 14:102. 2012
    ..Understanding the interplay of body mass index, menopause status, and measurement of non-dense breast area would help to clarify the contribution of non-dense breast area to breast cancer risk...
  85. ncbi Cross-calibration and minimum precision standards for dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry: the 2005 ISCD Official Positions
    John A Shepherd
    Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0946, USA
    J Clin Densitom 9:31-6. 2006
    ..We present here the ISCD Official Positions on these topics that were established as a result of the 2005 PDC, together with the associated rationales and supportive evidence...
  86. ncbi Risk of cervical cancer associated with extending the interval between cervical-cancer screenings
    George F Sawaya
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Department of Veterans Affairs and University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, USA
    N Engl J Med 349:1501-9. 2003
    ....
  87. ncbi Ethnic disparities in breast cancer
    Leah S Karliner
    University of California, San Francisco, and Medical Effectiveness Research Center for Diverse Populations, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Womens Health (Lond Engl) 3:679-88. 2007
    ..This review will examine what is known regarding ethnic differences in all of these areas, what questions remain, and where researchers and policy makers should focus their future efforts...
  88. ncbi Prospective breast cancer risk prediction model for women undergoing screening mammography
    William E Barlow
    Cancer Research and Biostatistics, 1730 Minor Avenue, Suite 1900, Seattle, WA 98101, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 98:1204-14. 2006
    ..We used prospective risk information to predict a diagnosis of breast cancer in a cohort of 1 million women undergoing screening mammography...
  89. ncbi Performance of diagnostic mammography for women with signs or symptoms of breast cancer
    William E Barlow
    W E Barlow, Center for Health Studies, Group Health Cooperative, Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle 98101 1448, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 94:1151-9. 2002
    ..We evaluated whether age, breast density, self-reported breast lump, and previous mammography influence the performance of diagnostic mammography...
  90. ncbi Factors associated with imaging and procedural events used to detect breast cancer after screening mammography
    Patricia A Carney
    Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 188:385-92. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to characterize the type and frequency of diagnostic evaluations after screening mammography and to summarize their association with the likelihood of biopsy and subsequent breast cancer diagnosis...
  91. ncbi Individual and combined effects of age, breast density, and hormone replacement therapy use on the accuracy of screening mammography
    Patricia A Carney
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School, 1 Medical Center Drive, HB 7925, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    Ann Intern Med 138:168-75. 2003
    ..The relationships among breast density, age, and use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in breast cancer detection have not been fully evaluated...
  92. ncbi Short-interval follow-up mammography: are we doing the right thing?
    Karla Kerlikowske
    J Natl Cancer Inst 95:418-9. 2003
  93. ncbi The mammogram that cried Wolfe
    Karla Kerlikowske
    N Engl J Med 356:297-300. 2007
  94. ncbi Effect of breast augmentation on the accuracy of mammography and cancer characteristics
    Diana L Miglioretti
    Center for Health Studies, Group Health Cooperative, Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash 98101, USA
    JAMA 291:442-50. 2004
    ..Breast augmentation is not associated with an increased risk of breast cancer; however, implants may interfere with the detection of breast cancer thereby delaying cancer diagnosis in women with augmentation...
  95. ncbi Changes in the use of postmenopausal hormone therapy after the publication of clinical trial results
    Jennifer S Haas
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02120 1613, USA
    Ann Intern Med 140:184-8. 2004
    ..The recent publication of clinical trial results has led to a dramatic shift in the evidence about postmenopausal hormone therapy...
  96. ncbi Effects of estrogen-only treatment in postmenopausal women
    Karla Kerlikowske
    JAMA 292:684-5; author reply 685-6. 2004
  97. ncbi Biennial versus annual mammography and the risk of late-stage breast cancer
    Emily White
    School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 96:1832-9. 2004
    ..Mammography screening may reduce breast cancer mortality by detecting cancers at an earlier stage. However, certain questions remain, including the ideal interval between mammograms...
  98. ncbi Association between mammography timing and measures of screening performance in the United States
    Bonnie C Yankaskas
    Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7515, 106 Mason Farm Rd, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7515, USA
    Radiology 234:363-73. 2005
    ..S. community-based screening mammography...
  99. ncbi Mammography surveillance following breast cancer
    Berta M Geller
    Office of Health Promotion Research, College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401 3444, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 81:107-15. 2003
    ..To describe when women diagnosed with breast cancer return for their first mammography, and to identify factors predictive of women returning for mammographic surveillance...
  100. ncbi Performance benchmarks for screening mammography
    Robert D Rosenberg
    Department of Radiology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, MSC10 5530, USA
    Radiology 241:55-66. 2006
    ..S. radiologists to allow development of performance benchmarks for screening mammography...
  101. ncbi Pathologic findings from the Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium: population-based outcomes in women undergoing biopsy after screening mammography
    Donald L Weaver
    Department of Pathology, University of Vermont, Burlington, 05405, USA
    Cancer 106:732-42. 2006
    ..To the authors' knowledge, a comprehensive analysis of pathology outcomes after screening mammography, as it is practiced clinically in the U.S. general population, has not been performed...