F G Shellock

Summary

Affiliation: University of Southern California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint In vitro magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of ossicular implants at 3 T
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California and Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, California 90045, USA
    Otol Neurotol 33:871-7. 2012
  2. pmc Assessment of MRI issues at 3-Tesla for metallic surgical implants: findings applied to 61 additional skin closure staples and vessel ligation clips
    Amreeta Gill
    Biomedical Engineering Interdepartmental Program, University of California, Los Angeles, 420 Westwood Plaza, Engineering IV, 64 144, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 14:3. 2012
  3. pmc Magnetic resonance imaging in patients with cardiac pacemakers: era of "MR Conditional" designs
    Jerold S Shinbane
    Division of Cardiovascular Medicine Cardiovascular and Thoracic Institute, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 13:63. 2011
  4. ncbi request reprint Safety of gadobenate dimeglumine (MultiHance): Summary of findings from clinical studies and postmarketing surveillance
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California and Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Invest Radiol 41:500-9. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint In-office MR imaging
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 7511 McConnell Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA
    Clin Sports Med 21:261-87, vii. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Radiofrequency energy induced heating of bovine capsular tissue: in vitro assessment of newly developed, temperature-controlled monopolar and bipolar radiofrequency electrodes
    Frank G Shellock
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 10:254-9. 2002
  7. ncbi request reprint Magnetic resonance safety update 2002: implants and devices
    Frank G Shellock
    Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 16:485-96. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Cardiac pacemaker: in vitro assessment at 1.5 T
    Frank G Shellock
    Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Am Heart J 151:436-43. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Biomedical implants and devices: assessment of magnetic field interactions with a 3.0-Tesla MR system
    Frank G Shellock
    University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 16:721-32. 2002
  10. ncbi request reprint Knees of Ironman triathletes: magnetic resonance imaging assessment of older (>35 years old) competitors
    Frank G Shellock
    Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, California 90045, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 17:122-30. 2003

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications63

  1. doi request reprint In vitro magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of ossicular implants at 3 T
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California and Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, California 90045, USA
    Otol Neurotol 33:871-7. 2012
    ..Ossicular implants made from metallic materials may be acceptable or pose hazards for patients referred for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations, depending on the outcome of proper MRI testing procedures...
  2. pmc Assessment of MRI issues at 3-Tesla for metallic surgical implants: findings applied to 61 additional skin closure staples and vessel ligation clips
    Amreeta Gill
    Biomedical Engineering Interdepartmental Program, University of California, Los Angeles, 420 Westwood Plaza, Engineering IV, 64 144, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 14:3. 2012
    ..Therefore, metallic surgical implants were assessed at 3-Tesla for magnetic field interactions, MRI-related heating, and artifacts...
  3. pmc Magnetic resonance imaging in patients with cardiac pacemakers: era of "MR Conditional" designs
    Jerold S Shinbane
    Division of Cardiovascular Medicine Cardiovascular and Thoracic Institute, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 13:63. 2011
    ..The development and implementation of cardiac MR conditional devices will continue to require the expertise and collaboration of multiple disciplines and will need to prove safety, effectiveness, and cost effectiveness in patient care...
  4. ncbi request reprint Safety of gadobenate dimeglumine (MultiHance): Summary of findings from clinical studies and postmarketing surveillance
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California and Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Invest Radiol 41:500-9. 2006
    ..Prospective studies and retrospective analyses were undertaken to evaluate the clinical safety of gadobenate dimeglumine (MultiHance) and to assess tolerability in special populations...
  5. ncbi request reprint In-office MR imaging
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 7511 McConnell Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA
    Clin Sports Med 21:261-87, vii. 2002
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Radiofrequency energy induced heating of bovine capsular tissue: in vitro assessment of newly developed, temperature-controlled monopolar and bipolar radiofrequency electrodes
    Frank G Shellock
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 10:254-9. 2002
    ..2 to +2.7 degrees C; highest mean temperature 77.7 degrees C). These findings provide basic temperature profiles for the two new temperature-controlled RF devices...
  7. ncbi request reprint Magnetic resonance safety update 2002: implants and devices
    Frank G Shellock
    Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 16:485-96. 2002
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Cardiac pacemaker: in vitro assessment at 1.5 T
    Frank G Shellock
    Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Am Heart J 151:436-43. 2006
    ..Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate a cardiac pacemaker using a 1.5-T magnetic resonance (MR) system...
  9. ncbi request reprint Biomedical implants and devices: assessment of magnetic field interactions with a 3.0-Tesla MR system
    Frank G Shellock
    University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 16:721-32. 2002
    ..To evaluate magnetic field interactions for 109 different biomedical implants and devices in association with exposure to a 3.0-Tesla magnetic resonance (MR) system...
  10. ncbi request reprint Knees of Ironman triathletes: magnetic resonance imaging assessment of older (>35 years old) competitors
    Frank G Shellock
    Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, California 90045, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 17:122-30. 2003
    ..To use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate the knees of older (>35 years old), competitive Ironman triathletes to determine the prevalence of abnormal findings...
  11. ncbi request reprint Septal repair implants: evaluation of magnetic resonance imaging safety at 3 T
    Frank G Shellock
    Department of Radiology and Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA
    Magn Reson Imaging 23:1021-5. 2005
    ..Thus, the findings indicated that it would be safe for a patient with these implants to undergo MRI at 3 T or lower. Importantly, because of the minor magnetic field interactions, MRI may be performed immediately after implantation...
  12. ncbi request reprint Drug eluting coronary stent: in vitro evaluation of magnet resonance safety at 3 Tesla
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 7:415-9. 2005
    ..To evaluate MR safety at 3 Tesla for a drug eluting coronary stent...
  13. ncbi request reprint Detachable coil for cerebral aneurysms: in vitro evaluation of magnetic field interactions, heating, and artifacts at 3T
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California and Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, 7511 McConnell Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 26:363-6. 2005
    ..While artifacts may impair the ability to properly visualize anatomy in proximity to this implant, careful selection of imaging parameters can mitigate this problem...
  14. ncbi request reprint Implantable microstimulator: magnetic resonance safety at 1.5 Tesla
    Frank G Shellock
    University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA
    Invest Radiol 39:591-9. 2004
    ..Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate MR safety for an implantable microstimulator in association with a 1.5 Tesla MR system...
  15. ncbi request reprint Functional assessment of the joints using kinematic magnetic resonance imaging
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, CA, USA
    Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 7:249-76. 2003
    ..Other kinematic MRI procedures applied to the ankle, wrist, cervical spine, shoulder, and lumbar spine are briefly discussed...
  16. ncbi request reprint Metallic neurosurgical implants: evaluation of magnetic field interactions, heating, and artifacts at 1.5-Tesla
    F G Shellock
    Department of Radiology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 14:295-9. 2001
    ..5-T or less. Furthermore, these implants may be considered for use in interventional MR procedures insofar as the MR safe qualities and relatively small artifacts would likely be desirable for such procedures...
  17. ncbi request reprint Cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators: in vitro magnetic resonance imaging evaluation at 1.5-tesla
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, California 90045, USA
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 9:21-31. 2007
    ..To evaluate the effect of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) performed at 1.5-Tesla on current generation pacemakers and ICDs to identify safe parameters for MRI examinations...
  18. ncbi request reprint Magnetically programmable shunt valve: MRI at 3-Tesla
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Magn Reson Imaging 25:1116-21. 2007
    ..Therefore, this magnetically programmable CSF shunt valve is acceptable for a patient undergoing MRI at 3-Tesla or less when specific safety guidelines are followed, including resetting the valve, as needed...
  19. ncbi request reprint Safety of magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents
    F G Shellock
    University of Southern California School of Medicine and Shellock R and D Services, Inc, Los Angeles, California 90045, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 10:477-84. 1999
    ..Notably, the use of MR imaging contrast agents in special patient populations must be understood. This article discusses each of these important issues...
  20. ncbi request reprint Safety characteristics of gadobenate dimeglumine: clinical experience from intra- and interindividual comparison studies with gadopentetate dimeglumine
    Frank G Shellock
    University of Southern California and Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education and Research, Los Angeles, California 90045, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 24:1378-85. 2006
    ..To evaluate the safety and tolerability of gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) relative to that of gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA) in patients and volunteers undergoing MRI for various clinical conditions...
  21. ncbi request reprint Temperature changes associated with radiofrequency energy-induced heating of bovine capsular tissue: evaluation of bipolar RF electrodes
    F G Shellock
    University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Arthroscopy 16:348-58. 2000
    ..None of the temperatures recorded at the different depths were excessive, suggesting that sensitive anatomic structures should not be damaged by RF energy-induced heating under the conditions described above...
  22. ncbi request reprint Radiofrequency energy-induced heating of bovine capsular tissue: Temperature changes produced by bipolar versus monopolar electrodes
    F G Shellock
    Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, The University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, U S A
    Arthroscopy 17:124-31. 2001
    ..To determine temperature changes associated with radiofrequency (RF) energy-induced heating of bovine capsular tissue using a bipolar RF electrode versus a temperature-controlled, monopolar RF electrode...
  23. doi request reprint MRI safety update 2008: part 1, MRI contrast agents and nephrogenic systemic fibrosis
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California and Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, 7511 McConnell Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 191:1129-39. 2008
    ..This article is the first part of a two-part series on MRI safety. In this article, part 1, the topic of MRI contrast agents and nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is addressed...
  24. ncbi request reprint MR procedures: biologic effects, safety, and patient care
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, USA
    Radiology 232:635-52. 2004
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of the rotator cuff and glenoid labrum using a 0.2-Tesla extremity magnetic resonance (MR) system: MR results compared to surgical findings
    F G Shellock
    University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 14:763-70. 2001
    ..Notably, the statistical values determined for the use of this MR system were comparable to those reported in the peer-reviewed literature for the use of whole-body, mid- and high-field-strength MR systems...
  26. doi request reprint Assessment of MRI issues for a 3-T "immune" programmable CSF shunt valve
    Frank G Shellock
    Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 197:202-7. 2011
    ..A newly developed CSF shunt valve that incorporates a magnetically adjustable mechanism designed to resist unintended setting changes was evaluated for problems during 3-T MRI...
  27. doi request reprint In vitro evaluation of MR imaging issues at 3T for aneurysm clips made from MP35N: Findings and information applied to 155 additional aneurysm clips
    F G Shellock
    University of Southern California and Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, 90045, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 31:615-9. 2010
    ..Aneurysm clips need to be tested at 3T to characterize MR imaging concerns, including magnetic field interactions, MR imaging-related heating, and artifacts. Therefore, we evaluated these risks for aneurysm clips...
  28. doi request reprint MRI safety update 2008: part 2, screening patients for MRI
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California and Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, 7511 McConnell Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 191:1140-9. 2008
    ..This article is the second part of a two-part series on MRI safety. In this article, part 2, the topic of screening patients for MRI procedures is addressed...
  29. pmc Ventricular assist device implant (AB 5000) prototype cannula: in vitro assessment of MRI issues at 3-Tesla
    Frank G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California and Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 10:23. 2008
    ..To evaluate MRI issues at 3-Tesla for a ventricular assist device (VAD)...
  30. ncbi request reprint Radiofrequency energy induced heating of bovine articular cartilage: comparison between temperature-controlled, monopolar, and bipolar systems
    F G Shellock
    7511 McConnell Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 9:392-7. 2001
    ..Neither electrosurgical system exceeded the set temperature of 70 degrees C. These findings provide basic tissue temperature characteristics for the newly developed, temperature-controlled RF devices applied to articular cartilage...
  31. ncbi request reprint Magnetic resonance imaging safety: implications for cardiovascular patients
    S Ahmed
    School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 3:171-82. 2001
    ..This review article discusses the bioeffects of MR exposures and provides an overview of safety considerations, with an emphasis on information pertinent to cardiovascular patients...
  32. ncbi request reprint Radiofrequency energy-induced heating of bovine articular cartilage: evaluation of a new temperature-controlled, bipolar radiofrequency system used at different settings
    Frank G Shellock
    University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, USA
    J Knee Surg 15:90-6. 2002
    ..These data provide basic information for the temperature-controlled, bipolar radiofrequency system applied to articular cartilage and may be useful in guiding electrosurgical equipment for thermal-assisted chondroplasty...
  33. ncbi request reprint Pre-MRI procedure screening: recommendations and safety considerations for biomedical implants and devices
    A M Sawyer-Glover
    Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, California 94305, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 12:92-106. 2000
    ..Information pertaining to MR safety and the relative risk factors for implants, devices and materials is discussed. A comprehensive pre-MRI procedure screening form that is recommended for use by MR facilities is also included...
  34. ncbi request reprint Effect of bracing on patellar kinematics in patients with patellofemoral joint pain
    C M Powers
    Department of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:1714-20. 1999
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an elastic patellofemoral sleeve brace in altering patellar tracking in subjects with patellofemoral pain...
  35. ncbi request reprint Development and clinical application of kinematic MRI of the patellofemoral joint using an extremity MR system
    F G Shellock
    Future Diagnostics, Inc, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:788-91. 1999
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to develop a kinematic MRI technique for the patellofemoral joint using the extremity MR system and to apply this procedure in the clinical setting...
  36. ncbi request reprint Programmable CSF shunt valve: in vitro assessment of MR imaging safety at 3T
    F G Shellock
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California and Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, Calif 90045, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 27:661-5. 2006
    ..Artifacts for the programmable valve were relatively large in relation to the size and shape of the valve; this finding may impact the diagnostic use of MR imaging if the area of interest is in proximity to this implant...
  37. ncbi request reprint Magnetic resonance safety testing of a newly-developed fiber-optic cardiac pacing lead
    Wilson Greatbatch
    Greatbatch Enterprises, Inc, Clarence, New York, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 16:97-103. 2002
    ..To assess magnetic resonance (MR) safety for a newly developed, fiber-optic cardiac pacing lead...
  38. ncbi request reprint Aneurysm clips: evaluation of magnetic field interactions and translational attraction by use of "long-bore" and "short-bore" 3.0-T MR imaging systems
    Frank G Shellock
    University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine and Institute for Magnetic Resonance, Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 24:463-71. 2003
    ..0-T MR systems is increasing worldwide. We evaluated magnetic field interactions and translational attraction for 32 aneurysm clips in association with exposure to "long-bore" and "short-bore" 3.0-T MR imaging systems...
  39. ncbi request reprint Prosthetic heart valves and annuloplasty rings: assessment of magnetic field interactions, heating, and artifacts at 1.5 Tesla
    F G Shellock
    University of South California, School of Medicine, Los Angeles, USA
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 3:317-24. 2001
    ..5 T or less. Notably, these findings essentially apply to 54 different heart valve prostheses and 37 different annuloplasty rings (i.e., based on the various models and sizes available for these implants)...
  40. ncbi request reprint Cardiac pacemakers, ICDs, and loop recorder: evaluation of translational attraction using conventional ("long-bore") and "short-bore" 1.5- and 3.0-Tesla MR systems
    Frank G Shellock
    University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, and Institute for Magnetic Resonance, Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 5:387-97. 2003
    ..To evaluate magnet-related translational attraction for cardiac pacemakers, ICDs, and an insertable loop recorder in association with exposure to "long-bore" and "short-bore" 1.5- and 3.0-Tesla MR systems...
  41. ncbi request reprint Simple design changes to wires to substantially reduce MRI-induced heating at 1.5 T: implications for implanted leads
    Robert W Gray
    Biophan Technologies, Inc, West Henrietta, NY 14586, USA
    Magn Reson Imaging 23:887-91. 2005
    ..e., 10.5 degrees C difference observed in one experiment and 26 degrees C difference in another). These findings have important implications for MRI-induced heating of leads used for medical implants...
  42. doi request reprint Cervical external immobilization devices: evaluation of magnetic resonance imaging issues at 3.0 Tesla
    Francis L Diaz
    Radnet Management, Inc, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:411-5. 2010
    ..Laboratory investigation, ex vivo...
  43. ncbi request reprint MR in patients with pacemakers and ICDs: Defining the issues
    Jerold S Shinbane
    Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 9:5-13. 2007
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Patellofemoral kinematics during weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing knee extension in persons with lateral subluxation of the patella: a preliminary study
    Christopher M Powers
    Musculoskeletal Biomechanics Research Laboratory, Department of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Southem California, Los Angles, CA, USA
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 33:677-85. 2003
    ..Single-group, repeated-measures design...
  45. ncbi request reprint New metallic implant used for permanent contraception in women: evaluation of MR safety
    Frank G Shellock
    Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 178:1513-6. 2002
    ..This ex vivo investigation evaluated the safety of using MR imaging with a new metallic implant designed to provide permanent birth control...
  46. ncbi request reprint 8.0-Tesla human MR system: temperature changes associated with radiofrequency-induced heating of a head phantom
    Allahyar Kangarlu
    Department of Radiology, The Ohio State University, 1654 Upham Drive, 126 Means Hall, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 17:220-6. 2003
    ..To investigate if the heat induced in biological tissues by typical radio frequency (RF) energy associated with an 8.0-Tesla magnetic resonance (MR) system causes excessive temperature changes...
  47. ncbi request reprint The effects of eccentric velocity on activation of elbow flexors: evaluation by magnetic resonance imaging
    K Kulig
    Department of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:196-200. 2001
    ..To compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal intensity changes in the primary elbow flexors during two isotonic exercise protocols varying in eccentric velocity and the ratio of eccentric to concentric activity...
  48. ncbi request reprint Assessment of patellofemoral relationships using kinematic MRI: comparison between qualitative and quantitative methods
    Samuel R Ward
    Musculoskeletal Biomechanics Research Laboratory, Department of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90089 4500, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 16:69-74. 2002
    ..qualitative criteria to interpret images of the patellofemoral joint (PFJ) obtained using kinematic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging...
  49. ncbi request reprint Bilateral neurostimulation systems used for deep brain stimulation: in vitro study of MRI-related heating at 1.5 T and implications for clinical imaging of the brain
    Roongroj Bhidayasiri
    Department of Neurology, UCLA Medical Center and Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Magn Reson Imaging 23:549-55. 2005
    ..Notably, these findings are highly specific to the neurostimulation systems, device positioning technique, MR system and imaging conditions used in this investigation...
  50. ncbi request reprint MR Safety and the American College of Radiology White Paper
    Frank G Shellock
    Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education, and Research, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 178:1349-52. 2002
  51. doi request reprint Ironman triathletes: MRI assessment of the shoulder
    Robert M Reuter
    1516 Cotner Ave, Los Angeles, CA, 90025, USA
    Skeletal Radiol 37:737-41. 2008
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of specific absorption rate as a dosimeter of MRI-related implant heating
    Kenneth B Baker
    Department of Neurology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Desk S 90, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 20:315-20. 2004
    ..To compare the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-related heating per unit of whole body averaged specific absorption rate (SAR) of a conductive implant exposed to two different 1.5-Tesla/64 MHz MR systems...
  53. ncbi request reprint Neurostimulation system used for deep brain stimulation (DBS): MR safety issues and implications of failing to follow safety recommendations
    Ali R Rezai
    The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA
    Invest Radiol 39:300-3. 2004
    ..4 W/kg; etc.) may result in serious, temporary, or permanent injury to the patient including the possibility of transient dystonia, paralysis, coma, or even death...
  54. ncbi request reprint Magnetic resonance imaging and cardiac pacemaker safety at 1.5-Tesla
    Edward T Martin
    Oklahoma Heart Institute, Tulsa 74133, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 43:1315-24. 2004
    ..The study was done to determine whether patients with pacemakers could safely undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 1.5-Tesla (T)...
  55. ncbi request reprint Comments on MR heating tests of critical implants
    Frank G Shellock
    J Magn Reson Imaging 26:1182-5. 2007
  56. ncbi request reprint Effects of coil dimensions and field polarization on RF heating inside a head phantom
    Alayar Kangarlu
    College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Magn Reson Imaging 23:53-60. 2005
    ..While these results showed an increase in localized heating due to RF pulses at 8 T, they highlight that RF inhomogeneity could be redistributed using different RF coil designs through which the hot spots could be made cooler...
  57. ncbi request reprint Neurostimulation systems: assessment of magnetic field interactions associated with 1.5- and 3-Tesla MR systems
    Kenneth B Baker
    Department of Neurology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 21:72-7. 2005
    ..To evaluate magnetic field interactions at 1.5- and 3-Tesla for implantable pulse generators (IPGs) and radiofrequency (RF) receivers used for implantable neurostimulation systems...
  58. ncbi request reprint Reduction of magnetic resonance imaging-related heating in deep brain stimulation leads using a lead management device
    Kenneth B Baker
    Center for Neurological Restoration, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Neurosurgery 57:392-7; discussion 392-7. 2005
    ....
  59. ncbi request reprint Neurostimulation systems for deep brain stimulation: in vitro evaluation of magnetic resonance imaging-related heating at 1.5 tesla
    Ali R Rezai
    Section of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosurgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 15:241-50. 2002
    ..To assess magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-related heating for a neurostimulation system (Activa Tremor Control System, Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) used for chronic deep brain stimulation (DBS)...
  60. ncbi request reprint Magnetic resonance imaging and permanent cosmetics (tattoos): survey of complications and adverse events
    Whitney D Tope
    Department of Dermatology, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 15:180-4. 2002
    ..To use a survey to determine the incidence of complications and adverse events in individuals with permanent cosmetics (e.g., tattooed eyeliner, eyebrows, lips, cheeks, etc.) who underwent magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS and..
  61. ncbi request reprint MR imaging-related heating of deep brain stimulation electrodes: in vitro study
    Daniel A Finelli
    Division of Radiology, Section of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 23:1795-802. 2002
    ..This in vitro study investigates the relationship between electrode heating and the specific absorption rate (SAR) of several MR images...
  62. ncbi request reprint Is magnetic resonance imaging safe for patients with neurostimulation systems used for deep brain stimulation?
    Ali R Rezai
    Center for Neurological Restoration, Department of Neurosurgery, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    Neurosurgery 57:1056-62; discussion 1056-62. 2005
  63. ncbi request reprint Assessment of the rotator cuff and glenoid labrum using an extremity MR system: MR results compared to surgical findings from a multi-center study
    Michael B Zlatkin
    National Musculoskeletal Imaging, Sunrise, Florida, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 19:623-31. 2004
    ..To conduct a multi-center assessment of the use of a 0.2-T, extremity MR system (E-scan; General Electric Lunar Corp. and Esaote, Genoa, Italy) for identifying tears of the rotator cuff and glenoid labrum...