William G Shadel

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Thinking about craving: an experimental analysis of smokers' spontaneous self-reports of craving
    William G Shadel
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 130 North Bellefield Avenue, 5th Floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Addict Behav 29:811-5. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Adolescents' responses to the gender valence of cigarette advertising imagery: the role of affect and the self-concept
    William G Shadel
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 130 North Bellefield Avenue, 5th Floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Addict Behav 29:1735-44. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Who am I? The role of self-conflict in adolescents' responses to cigarette advertising
    William G Shadel
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    J Behav Med 27:463-75. 2004
  4. doi request reprint What underlies appraisals? Experimentally testing a Knowledge-and-Appraisal Model of Personality Architecture among smokers contemplating high-risk situations
    Daniel Cervone
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607 7137, USA
    J Pers 76:929-68. 2008
  5. pmc Friends moderate the effects of pro-smoking media on college students' intentions to smoke
    Claude M Setodji
    RAND Corporation, 4570 Fifth Avenue, Suite 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 27:256-61. 2013
  6. pmc Motives for smoking in movies affect future smoking risk in middle school students: an experimental investigation
    William G Shadel
    RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 123:66-71. 2012
  7. ncbi request reprint Daily smoking patterns, their determinants, and implications for quitting
    Siddharth Chandra
    Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 15:67-80. 2007
  8. pmc Exposure to pro-smoking media in college students: does type of media channel differentially contribute to smoking risk?
    William G Shadel
    RAND Corporation, 4570 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Ann Behav Med 45:387-92. 2013
  9. pmc Momentary effects of exposure to prosmoking media on college students' future smoking risk
    William G Shadel
    RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Health Psychol 31:460-6. 2012
  10. ncbi request reprint Reduction of abstinence-induced withdrawal and craving using high-dose nicotine replacement therapy
    Saul Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 184:637-44. 2006

Detail Information

Publications29

  1. ncbi request reprint Thinking about craving: an experimental analysis of smokers' spontaneous self-reports of craving
    William G Shadel
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 130 North Bellefield Avenue, 5th Floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Addict Behav 29:811-5. 2004
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Adolescents' responses to the gender valence of cigarette advertising imagery: the role of affect and the self-concept
    William G Shadel
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 130 North Bellefield Avenue, 5th Floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Addict Behav 29:1735-44. 2004
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Who am I? The role of self-conflict in adolescents' responses to cigarette advertising
    William G Shadel
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    J Behav Med 27:463-75. 2004
    ..These results have implications for understanding the impact of cigarette advertising on smoking initiation for some adolescents...
  4. doi request reprint What underlies appraisals? Experimentally testing a Knowledge-and-Appraisal Model of Personality Architecture among smokers contemplating high-risk situations
    Daniel Cervone
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607 7137, USA
    J Pers 76:929-68. 2008
    ..The results were consistent with the hypothesis that systems of self- and situational knowledge underlie consistency and variability in appraisals...
  5. pmc Friends moderate the effects of pro-smoking media on college students' intentions to smoke
    Claude M Setodji
    RAND Corporation, 4570 Fifth Avenue, Suite 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 27:256-61. 2013
    ..Being with family members or with a romantic partner did not moderate the impact of prosmoking media exposure on either dependent variable. These results suggest a new role for peers in the development of youth smoking...
  6. pmc Motives for smoking in movies affect future smoking risk in middle school students: an experimental investigation
    William G Shadel
    RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 123:66-71. 2012
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Daily smoking patterns, their determinants, and implications for quitting
    Siddharth Chandra
    Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 15:67-80. 2007
    ..5 standard deviations) in the evening. Daily smoking patterns were related to environmental smoking restrictions, but the strength of this relationship differed among clusters and by time of day. Clusters differed in lapse risk...
  8. pmc Exposure to pro-smoking media in college students: does type of media channel differentially contribute to smoking risk?
    William G Shadel
    RAND Corporation, 4570 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Ann Behav Med 45:387-92. 2013
    ..There are almost no data on whether the different channels through which pro-smoking media appear (i.e., point-of-sale advertising, movie smoking) differently influence smoking...
  9. pmc Momentary effects of exposure to prosmoking media on college students' future smoking risk
    William G Shadel
    RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Health Psychol 31:460-6. 2012
    ..This study used ecological momentary assessment to examine acute changes in college students' future smoking risk as a function of their exposure to prosmoking media (e.g., smoking in movies, paid advertising, point-of-sale displays)...
  10. ncbi request reprint Reduction of abstinence-induced withdrawal and craving using high-dose nicotine replacement therapy
    Saul Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 184:637-44. 2006
    ..Prior studies have shown that Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) decreases withdrawal symptom severity but have relied on retrospective reports and lacked robust measures of baseline symptoms or symptoms during unmedicated abstinence...
  11. ncbi request reprint Analyzing milestones in smoking cessation: illustration in a nicotine patch trial in adult smokers
    Saul Shiffman
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 74:276-85. 2006
    ..6). The biggest effect of treatment was to prevent progression to relapse among those who had lapsed (HR = 7.1). Analysis of effects by milestones may enhance understanding of cessation treatments and their mechanisms of action...
  12. pmc Lapse-induced surges in craving influence relapse in adult smokers: an experimental investigation
    William G Shadel
    RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Health Psychol 30:588-96. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study is to experimentally evaluate the effects of a programmed smoking lapse on smoking relapse and the effects of postlapse changes in craving on relapse...
  13. pmc Tobacco industry manipulation messages in anti-smoking public service announcements: the effect of explicitly versus implicitly delivering messages
    William G Shadel
    RAND Corporation, 4570 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Addict Behav 35:526-9. 2010
    ..No significant main effects of age were found nor were any interactions between age and message delivery. These results suggest that message delivery factors should be taken into account when designing anti-smoking PSAs...
  14. ncbi request reprint Using a knowledge-and-appraisal model of personality architecture to understand consistency and variability in smokers' self-efficacy appraisals in high-risk situations
    Daniel Cervone
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60607 7137, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 21:44-54. 2007
    ..Results speak to the field's need for assessment strategies to detect, and theoretical models to explain, within-person, across-context variations in self-efficacy for avoiding addictive behaviors...
  15. pmc Prevalence of and associations with waterpipe tobacco smoking among U.S. university students
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Ann Behav Med 36:81-6. 2008
    ..Although waterpipe tobacco smoking seems to be increasing on U.S. university campuses, these data have come from convenience samples...
  16. ncbi request reprint Evaluating smokers' reactions to advertising for new lower nicotine quest cigarettes
    William G Shadel
    Department of PsychologyUniversity of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 20:80-4. 2006
    ..e., lower in tar, healthier, less likely to cause cancer). Two individual-differences variables, need for cognition and perceived vulnerability, moderated smokers' health beliefs about Quest cigarettes...
  17. pmc Uncovering the most effective active ingredients of antismoking public service announcements: the role of actor and message characteristics
    William G Shadel
    RAND Corporation, 4570 Fifth Avenue, Suite 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 11:547-52. 2009
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Adolescents' reactions to the imagery displayed in smoking and antismoking advertisements
    William G Shadel
    Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Brown Medical School, Miriam Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 16:173-6. 2002
    ..Antismoking advertising may be more effective at limiting adolescent smoking if the images displayed have a more positive valence...
  19. pmc Smoking motives in movies are important for understanding adolescent smoking: a preliminary investigation
    William G Shadel
    RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 12:850-4. 2010
    ..This laboratory study examined whether exposure to movie smoking that is portrayed as having a clear motive is associated with the desire to smoke differently than smoking that is portrayed as having no clear motive...
  20. ncbi request reprint Correlates of motivation to quit smoking in methadone-maintained smokers enrolled in a smoking cessation trial
    William G Shadel
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 130 N Bellefield Avenue, 5th Floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Addict Behav 30:295-300. 2005
    ..These results have implications for understanding motivational processes among methadone-maintained smokers and may help in the design of interventions that will assist this population with quitting smoking...
  21. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of acute administration of nicotine gum in relief of cue-provoked cigarette craving
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates and the University of Pittsburgh, 201 North Craig Street, Suite 320, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 166:343-50. 2003
    ..Acute cravings, often provoked by exposure to smoking cues, appear to be important triggers for smoking relapse. Relief of acute craving may therefore be an important step in preventing relapse...
  22. pmc Exposure to cigarette advertising and adolescents' intentions to smoke: the moderating role of the developing self-concept
    William G Shadel
    RAND Corporation, 4570 Fifth Avenue, Suite 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 33:751-60. 2008
    ..This study evaluated whether the developmental maturity of the self-concept, operationalized as self-conflict, moderated smoking intentions following exposure to cigarette advertisements among adolescents who have never smoked...
  23. ncbi request reprint Evaluating social-cognitive mechanisms that regulate self-efficacy in response to provocative smoking cues: an experimental investigation
    William G Shadel
    Department of PsychologyUniversity of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 20:91-6. 2006
    ..Higher levels of self-efficacy were consistently associated with decreased craving. These results have both theoretical and clinical implications for smoking cessation...
  24. pmc Measuring exposure to protobacco marketing and media: a field study using ecological momentary assessment
    Steven C Martino
    RAND, 4570 Fifth Avenue, Suite 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 14:398-406. 2012
    ....
  25. pmc Using ecological momentary assessment to determine media use by individuals with and without major depressive disorder
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165:360-5. 2011
    ..To use ecological momentary assessment techniques to measure the association of major depressive disorder (MDD) with media use...
  26. ncbi request reprint Does the DRD2-Taq1 A polymorphism influence treatment response to bupropion hydrochloride for reduction of the nicotine withdrawal syndrome?
    Sean P David
    Center for Primary Care and Prevention, Brown University Medical School, Providence, RI 02860, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 5:935-42. 2003
    ..These data suggest that bupropion attenuates specific symptoms of the nicotine withdrawal syndrome and that this effect may be modified by genotype for the dopamine D2 receptor...
  27. ncbi request reprint Depressive symptoms and readiness to quit smoking among cigarette smokers in outpatient alcohol treatment
    Brian Hitsman
    Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Brown Medical School, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 16:264-8. 2002
    ..S. Radloff, 1977). The findings suggest that alcoholic smokers with low depressive symptoms are more receptive to quitting smoking after sustained alcohol abstinence...
  28. ncbi request reprint Response to social stress, urge to smoke, and smoking cessation
    Raymond Niaura
    Brown University Center for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Addict Behav 27:241-50. 2002
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in adolescents' responses to themes of relaxation in cigarette advertising: Relationship to intentions to smoke
    Danae N Dirocco
    Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Columbia University, USA
    Addict Behav 32:205-13. 2007
    ..These results have implications for understanding what features of cigarette advertisements have the most influence among different groups of adolescents...