Richard Schulz

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Predictors and consequences of perceived lack of choice in becoming an informal caregiver
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Aging Ment Health 16:712-21. 2012
  2. ncbi request reprint Willingness to pay for quality of life technologies to enhance independent functioning among baby boomers and the elderly adults
    Richard Schulz
    Address correspondence to Richard Schulz, Department of Psychiatry and UCSUR, 3343 Forbes Avenue, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 E mail
    Gerontologist 54:363-74. 2014
  3. pmc Magnitude and causes of bias among family caregivers rating Alzheimer disease patients
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 21:14-25. 2013
  4. pmc Socioeconomic position and incident mobility impairment in the Cardiovascular Health Study
    Cheryl K Nordstrom
    Wayne State University, Center for Health Research, Detroit, MI, USA
    BMC Geriatr 7:11. 2007
  5. pmc Improving the quality of life of caregivers of persons with spinal cord injury: a randomized controlled trial
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, 121 University Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Rehabil Psychol 54:1-15. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint End-of-life care and the effects of bereavement on family caregivers of persons with dementia
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, USA
    N Engl J Med 349:1936-42. 2003
  7. pmc Spousal suffering and partner's depression and cardiovascular disease: the Cardiovascular Health Study
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry and University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, 121 University Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 17:246-54. 2009
  8. pmc Dementia patient suffering and caregiver depression
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 22:170-6. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint Involvement in caregiving and adjustment to death of a spouse: findings from the caregiver health effects study
    R Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry and University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, 121 University Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    JAMA 285:3123-9. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Patient suffering and caregiver compassion: new opportunities for research, practice, and policy
    Richard Schulz
    University Center for Social and Urban Research, 121 University Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Gerontologist 47:4-13. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications105 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Predictors and consequences of perceived lack of choice in becoming an informal caregiver
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Aging Ment Health 16:712-21. 2012
    ..Using data from a national sample of informal caregivers to older adults, we identify predictors of lack of choice and the consequences of lack of choice in taking on the caregiving role...
  2. ncbi request reprint Willingness to pay for quality of life technologies to enhance independent functioning among baby boomers and the elderly adults
    Richard Schulz
    Address correspondence to Richard Schulz, Department of Psychiatry and UCSUR, 3343 Forbes Avenue, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 E mail
    Gerontologist 54:363-74. 2014
    ..We report the results of a study designed to assess whether and how much potential individual end users are willing to pay for Quality of Life Technologies (QoLTs) designed to enhance functioning and independence...
  3. pmc Magnitude and causes of bias among family caregivers rating Alzheimer disease patients
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 21:14-25. 2013
    ..The goals of this study were to identify caregiver, patient, and contextual factors associated with caregiver rating bias...
  4. pmc Socioeconomic position and incident mobility impairment in the Cardiovascular Health Study
    Cheryl K Nordstrom
    Wayne State University, Center for Health Research, Detroit, MI, USA
    BMC Geriatr 7:11. 2007
    ..We investigated if personal socioeconomic position (SEP) factors and neighborhood characteristics were associated with incident mobility impairment in the elderly...
  5. pmc Improving the quality of life of caregivers of persons with spinal cord injury: a randomized controlled trial
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, 121 University Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Rehabil Psychol 54:1-15. 2009
    ..To assess the efficacy of two psychosocial interventions for caregivers of older persons with spinal cord injury (SCI)...
  6. ncbi request reprint End-of-life care and the effects of bereavement on family caregivers of persons with dementia
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, USA
    N Engl J Med 349:1936-42. 2003
    ....
  7. pmc Spousal suffering and partner's depression and cardiovascular disease: the Cardiovascular Health Study
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry and University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, 121 University Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 17:246-54. 2009
    ..To assess the effects of suffering in a spouse on prevalent and incident psychiatric (depression) and physical morbidity (cardiovascular disease [CVD]) in their partner, controlling for known risk factors for depression and CVD...
  8. pmc Dementia patient suffering and caregiver depression
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 22:170-6. 2008
    ..Medical treatment of patients that maintain or improve memory but do not address suffering may have little impact on the caregiver. Alzheimer disease patient suffering should be systematically assessed and treated by clinicians...
  9. ncbi request reprint Involvement in caregiving and adjustment to death of a spouse: findings from the caregiver health effects study
    R Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry and University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, 121 University Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    JAMA 285:3123-9. 2001
    ..Most deaths in the United States occur among older persons who have 1 or more disabling conditions. As a result, many deaths are preceded by an extended period during which family members provide care to their disabled relative...
  10. ncbi request reprint Patient suffering and caregiver compassion: new opportunities for research, practice, and policy
    Richard Schulz
    University Center for Social and Urban Research, 121 University Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Gerontologist 47:4-13. 2007
    ..We conclude with a discussion of implications and future directions for clinical intervention, research, and policy...
  11. ncbi request reprint Long-term care placement of dementia patients and caregiver health and well-being
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    JAMA 292:961-7. 2004
    ..Placing a relative with dementia into a long-term care facility is common among caregivers. Placement transition and factors that affect caregiver health and well-being after placement of the patient are not well described...
  12. ncbi request reprint Predictors of complicated grief among dementia caregivers: a prospective study of bereavement
    Richard Schulz
    University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, 121 University Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 14:650-8. 2006
    ..This is the first study to prospectively assess predictors of complicated grief among family caregivers of patients with dementia who experience the death of their care recipient...
  13. pmc Measuring the experience and perception of suffering
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry and UCSUR, University of Pittsburgh, 121 University Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Gerontologist 50:774-84. 2010
    ..assess psychometric properties of scales developed to assess experience and perception of physical, psychological, and existential suffering in older individuals...
  14. pmc Baseline differences and trajectories of change for deceased, placed, and community residing Alzheimer disease patients
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 24:143-50. 2010
    ....
  15. pmc Intervention taxonomy (ITAX): describing essential features of interventions
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, 121 University Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Am J Health Behav 34:811-21. 2010
    ..To identify key features of interventions that need to be considered in the design, execution, and reporting of interventions...
  16. pmc Dementia caregiver intervention research: in search of clinical significance
    Richard Schulz
    University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Gerontologist 42:589-602. 2002
    ..Our goal was to focus on issues of clinical significance in caregiver intervention research in order to move the field toward a greater emphasis on achieving reliable and clinically meaningful outcomes...
  17. ncbi request reprint Evidence-based caregiver interventions in geriatric psychiatry
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, 121 University Place, Suite 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 28:1007-38, x. 2005
  18. pmc Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH): overview, site-specific outcomes, and future directions
    Richard Schulz
    University of Pittsburgh, University Center for Social and Urban Research, 121 University Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Gerontologist 43:514-20. 2003
  19. ncbi request reprint Introduction to the special section on Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH)
    Richard Schulz
    Department of Psychiatry, University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, 121 University Place, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    Psychol Aging 18:357-60. 2003
    ..The authors describe the design of the study, summarize the interventions implemented at each site, and provide an overview of the 4 articles in this special section...
  20. pmc Enhancing the quality of life of dementia caregivers from different ethnic or racial groups: a randomized, controlled trial
    Steven H Belle
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    Ann Intern Med 145:727-38. 2006
    ..Finding better ways to support family caregivers is a major public health challenge...
  21. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and outcomes of caregiving after prolonged (> or =48 hours) mechanical ventilation in the ICU
    KyungAh Im
    Epidemiology Data Center, Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, 130 DeSoto Street, 127 Parran Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Chest 125:597-606. 2004
    ....
  22. pmc The Mood Disorder Burden Index: a scale for assessing the burden of caregivers to adults with unipolar or bipolar disorder
    Lynn M Martire
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, United States University Center for Social and Urban Research, Pittsburgh, PA, United States
    Psychiatry Res 168:67-77. 2009
    ..It will be important for future research to administer the MDBI to caregivers of middle-aged and older patients as well as those receiving treatment through inpatient settings or community outpatient clinics...
  23. ncbi request reprint Older spouses' perceptions of partners' chronic arthritis pain: implications for spousal responses, support provision, and caregiving experiences
    Lynn M Martire
    Department of Psychiatry and University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Psychol Aging 21:222-30. 2006
    ..Future research that uses such observational methods may be highly useful for understanding the effects of chronic illness on older couples...
  24. pmc Using a new taxonomy to combine the uncombinable: integrating results across diverse interventions
    Steven H Belle
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Psychol Aging 18:396-405. 2003
    ..The results indicate that actively targeting caregiver behavior is effective in achieving positive outcomes with respect to caregiver depression...
  25. pmc Feasibility of a patient-driven approach to recruiting older adults, caregivers, and clinicians for provider-patient communication research
    Jennifer H Lingler
    University of Pittsburgh Schools of Nursing and Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    J Am Acad Nurse Pract 21:377-83. 2009
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Long-term mortality and quality of life after prolonged mechanical ventilation
    Lakshmipathi Chelluri
    Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA, USA
    Crit Care Med 32:61-9. 2004
    ..To describe and identify factors associated with mortality rate and quality of life 1 yr after prolonged mechanical ventilation...
  27. ncbi request reprint Health risk behaviors in family caregivers during patients' stay in intensive care units: a pilot analysis
    Jiyeon Choi
    University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, 336 Victoria Bldg, 3500 Victoria St, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Crit Care 22:41-5. 2013
    ..Despite known associations between stress and physical health, limited attention has been paid to the need to promote and maintain physical health in these caregivers...
  28. pmc Group-based trajectory modeling of caregiver psychological distress over time
    Chien Wen J Choi
    Department of Acute and Tertiary Care School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15217, USA
    Ann Behav Med 44:73-84. 2012
    ..Competing theories of adaptation and wear-and-tear describe psychological distress patterns among family caregivers...
  29. pmc Models of self and others and their relation to positive and negative caregiving responses
    Jennifer Q Morse
    Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Aging 27:211-8. 2012
    ..Age, gender, and model of self were related to caregiving responses, suggesting that model of self may help identify caregivers at risk for poor responses...
  30. pmc Patterns of depressive symptoms in caregivers of mechanically ventilated critically ill adults from intensive care unit admission to 2 months postintensive care unit discharge: a pilot study
    Jiyeon Choi
    Department of Acute and Tertiary Care, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Crit Care Med 40:1546-53. 2012
    ....
  31. pmc Informal caregiver burden among survivors of prolonged mechanical ventilation
    David C Van Pelt
    CRISMA Laboratory, Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 606D Scaife Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 175:167-73. 2007
    ..In existing studies, it is unclear whether the observed burden is a consequence of critical illness or of preexisting patient illness...
  32. ncbi request reprint Moderators of interventions designed to enhance physical and psychological functioning among younger women with early-stage breast cancer
    Michael F Scheier
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Clin Oncol 25:5710-4. 2007
    ..To identify factors that condition or moderate the impact of a previously described set of interventions on psychological and physical adjustment after diagnosis and treatment for early-stage breast cancer...
  33. ncbi request reprint Family caregiving of persons with dementia: prevalence, health effects, and support strategies
    Richard Schulz
    University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 12:240-9. 2004
    ..Authors review practice guidelines and recommendations for healthcare providers in light of the empirical literature on family caregiving...
  34. pmc Spouses' cardiovascular reactivity to their partners' suffering
    Joan K Monin
    University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 65:195-201. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that heightened physiological stress caused by exposure to a loved one's suffering may be one pathway to caregivers' increased risk for cardiovascular disease...
  35. pmc Anticipatory grief in new family caregivers of persons with mild cognitive impairment and dementia
    Linda Garand
    Health and Community Systems Department, 415 Victoria Building, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, 3500 Victoria Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 26:159-65. 2012
    ..Given these findings, family caregivers of individuals with mild cognitive deficits or a new AD diagnosis may benefit from interventions specifically addressing anticipatory grief...
  36. pmc Coping with health stresses and remission from late-life depression in primary care: a two-year prospective study
    Meredith L Wallace
    Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 27:178-86. 2012
    ..Conversely, disengagement strategies involve the withdrawal of these resources from obsolete or unattainable health goals, combined with goal restructuring...
  37. pmc The association of public and private religious involvement with severity of depression and hopelessness in older adults treated for major depression
    Mario Cruz
    Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Advanced Center for Intervention and Services Research for Late life Mood and Anxiety Disorders, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 17:503-7. 2009
    ..The authors assessed the association between public and private religious participation and depression as well as hopelessness in older depressed, adults treated in mental health settings...
  38. pmc Impact of close family members on older adults' early response to depression treatment
    Lynn M Martire
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Psychol Aging 23:447-52. 2008
    ..Future research may identify family attitudes and behaviors that stem from burden and compromise older adults' ability to recover from depression...
  39. pmc The Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH): project design and baseline characteristics
    Stephen R Wisniewski
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Psychol Aging 18:375-84. 2003
    ..Caregivers reported high levels of depressive symptoms and moderate burden. Care recipients were older, with a mean age of 79, and were moderately to severely impaired with mean Mini-Mental State Exam scores of 13/30...
  40. ncbi request reprint Hospital costs in patients receiving prolonged mechanical ventilation: does age have an impact?
    Lakshmipathi Chelluri
    Department of Critical Care Medicine, Room 637, 6th Floor Scaife, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Crit Care Med 31:1746-51. 2003
    ..The aging of the population is one of the causes of the increase in healthcare costs in the past few decades. It is controversial whether chronological age alone should be used in making healthcare decisions...
  41. pmc Does social support impact depression in caregivers of adults ageing with spinal cord injuries?
    Juleen Rodakowski
    Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh 15260, USA
    Clin Rehabil 27:565-75. 2013
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the role of social support in predicting depression in caregivers of adults aging with spinal cord injuries...
  42. pmc Exploring spirituality in family caregivers of patients with primary malignant brain tumors across the disease trajectory
    Alyssa G Newberry
    School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Oncol Nurs Forum 40:E119-25. 2013
    ..To determine whether the perceived level of spirituality in family caregivers of patients with primary malignant brain tumors (PMBTs) changes across the disease trajectory...
  43. ncbi request reprint Preventive health practices: comparison of family caregivers 50 and older
    Judith Tabolt Matthews
    University of Pittsburgh, School of Nursing, PA 15261, USA
    J Gerontol Nurs 30:46-54. 2004
    ..Nurses in contact with middle-aged and older family caregivers are well positioned to encourage health promotion and disease prevention behaviors in this accessible population...
  44. pmc Interpersonal effects of suffering in older adult caregiving relationships
    Joan K Monin
    Department of Psychiatry and University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Psychol Aging 24:681-95. 2009
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint The course of functional decline in older people with persistently elevated depressive symptoms: longitudinal findings from the Cardiovascular Health Study
    Eric J Lenze
    Intervention Research Center in Late Life Mood Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:569-75. 2005
    ..To examine the relationship between persistently high depressive symptoms and long-term changes in functional disability in elderly persons...
  46. pmc Frequency and correlates of advance planning among cognitively impaired older adults
    Jennifer Hagerty Lingler
    Department of Health and Community Systems, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 16:643-9. 2008
    ..To examine the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of written advance planning among patients with or at risk for dementia-imposed decisional incapacity...
  47. pmc Treatment of late-life depression alleviates caregiver burden
    Lynn M Martire
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:23-9. 2010
    ..To describe the burden experienced by family caregivers of older adults with depression and to examine the positive effects on caregivers of treating late-life depression...
  48. pmc Role of social support in predicting caregiver burden
    Juleen Rodakowski
    Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 93:2229-36. 2012
    ..To examine the unique contribution of social support to burden in caregivers of adults aging with spinal cord injury (SCI)...
  49. pmc Identifying family members who are likely to perceive benefits from providing care to a person with a primary malignant brain tumor
    Alyssa Newberry
    School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Oncol Nurs Forum 39:E226-32. 2012
    ..To identify changes in positive aspects of care (PAC) from the time of diagnosis to four months following the diagnosis in family caregivers of care recipients with primary malignant brain tumors...
  50. ncbi request reprint Religious beliefs and practices are associated with better mental health in family caregivers of patients with dementia: findings from the REACH study
    Randy S Hebert
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15231, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 15:292-300. 2007
    ..Our objective, then, is to explore the relationship between religion and mental health in active and bereaved dementia caregivers...
  51. ncbi request reprint Is it beneficial to involve a family member? A meta-analysis of psychosocial interventions for chronic illness
    Lynn M Martire
    University of Pittsburgh, Department of Psychiatry and University Center for Social and Urban Research, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Health Psychol 23:599-611. 2004
    ..Although statistically significant aggregate effects were found, they were generally small in magnitude. These findings provide guidance in developing future interventions in this area...
  52. ncbi request reprint Perceptions and implications of received spousal care: evidence from the Caregiver Health Effects Study
    Lynn M Martire
    Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    Psychol Aging 18:593-601. 2003
    ..These findings argue for a comprehensive assessment of the care-receiving experience that includes both care-recipient and caregiver perspectives...
  53. doi request reprint Family caregivers' strains: comparative analysis of cancer caregiving with dementia, diabetes, and frail elderly caregiving
    Youngmee Kim
    Behavioral Research Center, American Cancer Society, 250 Williams Street NW, Suite 600, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    J Aging Health 20:483-503. 2008
    ..This study aimed to investigate the impact of cancer from family caregivers' perspective, based on a comparative analysis of caregiving burden and distress, among four types of caregivers...
  54. ncbi request reprint Does who you marry matter for your health? Influence of patients' and spouses' personality on their partners' psychological well-being following coronary artery bypass surgery
    John M Ruiz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 91:255-67. 2006
    ..Relationship satisfaction moderated these effects. These results suggest that partners' personality traits are important determinants of both patients' and their caregiving spouses' well-being...
  55. doi request reprint Preparing family caregivers for death and bereavement. Insights from caregivers of terminally ill patients
    Randy S Hebert
    Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Pain Symptom Manage 37:3-12. 2009
    ....
  56. pmc The impact of family caregivers on potentially inappropriate medication use in noninstitutionalized older adults with dementia
    Joshua M Thorpe
    VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Geriatr Pharmacother 10:230-41. 2012
    ..Informal caregivers often facilitate patients' use of medications, but the effect of caregiver factors on PIM use has not been a focus of previous research...
  57. doi request reprint What questions do family caregivers want to discuss with health care providers in order to prepare for the death of a loved one? An ethnographic study of caregivers of patients at end of life
    Randy Scott Hebert
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Palliat Med 11:476-83. 2008
    ..To determine what questions family caregivers want to discuss with health care providers (HCPs) in order to prepare for the death of a loved one...
  58. ncbi request reprint Concurrent and long-term predictors of older adults' use of community-based long-term care services: the Caregiver Health Effects Study
    Jamila Bookwala
    Department of Psychology, Lafayette College, Easton, PA, USA
    J Aging Health 16:88-115. 2004
    ..This study examined concurrent and long-term associations between caregiver-related characteristics and the use of community long-term care services in a sample of 186 older adults caring for a disabled spouse...
  59. pmc Randomized controlled trial of a collaborative care intervention to manage cancer-related symptoms: lessons learned
    Jennifer Steel
    Department of Surgery and Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA, USA
    Clin Trials 8:298-310. 2011
    ..However, few studies have expanded the collaborative care model to other settings and targeted comorbid physical symptoms of depression...
  60. pmc Willingness to express emotions to caregiving spouses
    Joan K Monin
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Emotion 9:101-6. 2009
    ..There were also gender differences, such that caregiving wives, in particular, benefited from their husband's willingness to express vulnerable (e.g., anxiety, sadness) and interpersonal emotions...
  61. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for potentially harmful informal caregiver behavior
    Scott R Beach
    University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:255-61. 2005
    ..This article explores such risk factors...
  62. ncbi request reprint Making sense of mild cognitive impairment: a qualitative exploration of the patient's experience
    Jennifer Hagerty Lingler
    Department of Psychiatry, Alzheimer Disease Research Center, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 121 University Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Gerontologist 46:791-800. 2006
    ..Yet, little is known about the subjective experience of living with a diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment. This study examines, from the patient's perspective, the experience of living with and making sense of the diagnosis...
  63. ncbi request reprint Caregiver-specific outcomes in antidementia clinical drug trials: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Jennifer Hagerty Lingler
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:983-90. 2005
    ....
  64. ncbi request reprint Preparedness for the death of a loved one and mental health in bereaved caregivers of patients with dementia: findings from the REACH study
    Randy S Hebert
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    J Palliat Med 9:683-93. 2006
    ..Although it has been suggested that family and friends who are prepared for the death of a loved one have less distress, the relationship between preparedness and bereavement mental health is inconclusive...
  65. ncbi request reprint Concordance of race or ethnicity of interventionists and caregivers of dementia patients: relationship to attrition and treatment outcomes in the REACH study
    Kathleen A McGinnis
    University Center for Social and Urban Research, Department of Biostatistics, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Gerontologist 46:449-55. 2006
    ..We assess the effects of racial or ethnic concordance between caregivers and interventionists on caregiver attrition, change in depression, and change in burden in a multisite randomized clinical trial...
  66. pmc Verbal communication among Alzheimer's disease patients, their caregivers, and primary care physicians during primary care office visits
    Karen L Schmidt
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 77:197-201. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to understand the nature of each individual's verbal participation in these triadic interactions...
  67. pmc Financial exploitation and psychological mistreatment among older adults: differences between African Americans and non-African Americans in a population-based survey
    Scott R Beach
    University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Gerontologist 50:744-57. 2010
    ....
  68. ncbi request reprint Use of cognitive enhancement medication in persons with Alzheimer disease who have a family caregiver: results from the Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH) project
    Steven H Belle
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 12:250-7. 2004
    ..The authors examined the frequency and appropriateness of use, the importance of a family caregiver in medication decisions for dementia patients, and differences in access to medical care...
  69. ncbi request reprint Depression and distress predict time to cardiovascular disease in dementia caregivers
    Brent T Mausbach
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093 0680, USA
    Health Psychol 26:539-44. 2007
    ..This study assessed the impact of depressive symptoms and distress from patient problem behaviors on time to developing a diagnosis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a sample of 643 dementia family caregivers...
  70. pmc Improving well-being in caregivers of terminally ill patients. Making the case for patient suffering as a focus for intervention research
    Randy S Hebert
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Pain Symptom Manage 34:539-46. 2007
    ..We will then discuss a conceptual framework for intervention design. Finally, we conclude with a discussion of implications and future directions for intervention research...
  71. ncbi request reprint The Life Engagement Test: assessing purpose in life
    Michael F Scheier
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Behav Med 29:291-8. 2006
    ..Discussion centers on the use of the Life Engagement Test in behavioral medicine and health psychology research and recent associations that have begun to emerge between the scale and health-relevant outcomes...
  72. pmc Positive and negative religious coping and well-being in women with breast cancer
    Randy Hebert
    Forbes Hospice, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    J Palliat Med 12:537-45. 2009
    ..Although religions is important to many people with cancer, few studies have explored the relationship between religious coping and well-being in a prospective manner, using validated measures, while controlling for important covariates...
  73. ncbi request reprint Guidelines for conducting geropsychotherapy research
    Patricia A Arean
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0984, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 11:9-16. 2003
    ..However, the field is still in need of better outcome and process measures, methods for measuring the therapeutic content of non-psychotherapy encounters, and methods for determining the impact of choice of treatment on outcome...
  74. ncbi request reprint Interventions to enhance physical and psychological functioning among younger women who are ending nonhormonal adjuvant treatment for early-stage breast cancer
    Michael F Scheier
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA
    J Clin Oncol 23:4298-311. 2005
    ..To conduct a clinical trial to determine if an educational intervention and a nutritional intervention could enhance physical and psychological functioning among younger women completing treatment for early-stage breast cancer...
  75. pmc Older adults' and case managers' initial impressions of community-based telehealth kiosks
    Karen L Courtney
    School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, 415 Victoria Building, 3500 Victoria Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Res Gerontol Nurs 3:235-9. 2010
    ..Both positive impressions from and concerns of each group are presented. Findings helped guide plans for future telehealth kiosk implementation and training...
  76. doi request reprint Guiding research in family care: a new approach to oncology caregiving
    Paula R Sherwood
    School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Psychooncology 17:986-96. 2008
    ..The purpose of this article is to describe how a mind-body (biobehavioral) model can be adapted to study family caregivers of persons with a brain tumor...
  77. ncbi request reprint Patients' recollections of stressful experiences while receiving prolonged mechanical ventilation in an intensive care unit
    Armando J Rotondi
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA
    Crit Care Med 30:746-52. 2002
    ..To describe stressful experiences of adult patients who received mechanical ventilation for > or =48 hrs in an intensive care unit...
  78. ncbi request reprint Caregivers as subjects of clinical drug trials: a review of human subjects protection practices in published studies of Alzheimer's disease pharmacotherapies
    Jennifer Hagerty Lingler
    Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    IRB 28:11-8. 2006
  79. pmc Bereavement after caregiving
    Richard Schulz
    University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Geriatrics 63:20-2. 2008
    ....
  80. ncbi request reprint Concordance of four methods of disability assessment using performance in the home as the criterion method
    Joan C Rogers
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 49:640-7. 2003
    ..To determine the concordance of 4 methods of disability assessment with the criterion method. Performance testing in the home was selected as the criterion...
  81. pmc Trust in the health care system and the use of preventive health services by older black and white adults
    Donald Musa
    University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, 121 University Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1293-9. 2009
    ..We sought to find racial differences in the effects of trust in the health care system on preventive health service use among older adults...
  82. ncbi request reprint Lower quality of life among women with chronic pelvic pain after pelvic inflammatory disease
    Catherine L Haggerty
    University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 102:934-9. 2003
    ..To evaluate the morbidity from chronic pelvic pain after pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)...
  83. pmc Physical and mental health effects of family caregiving
    Richard Schulz
    University Center for Social and Urban Research at the University of Pittsburgh, USA
    Am J Nurs 108:23-7; quiz 27. 2008
    ..Adverse-and even positive-outcomes in a chronic stress experience...
  84. ncbi request reprint Generalized anxiety disorder in late life: lifetime course and comorbidity with major depressive disorder
    Eric J Lenze
    Intervention Research Center in Late Life Mood Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 13:77-80. 2005
    ..The authors assessed the course and comorbidity of late-life GAD and MDD...
  85. ncbi request reprint Finding the best ways to help: opportunities and challenges of intervention research on aging
    Karl Pillemer
    Cornell Gerontology Research Institute and Department of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithica, NY 14853, USA
    Gerontologist 43:5-8. 2003
  86. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of anxiety symptoms in well-functioning older adults: findings from the health aging and body composition study
    Kala M Mehta
    Division of Geriatrics, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94121
    J Am Geriatr Soc 51:499-504. 2003
    ..To determine the prevalence and correlates of anxiety symptoms in the absence of depression, in older black and white people...
  87. pmc Caregiver intervention research: an opportunity for collaboration between caregiving investigators and African-american faith communities
    Randy S Hebert
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA 15213, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:1510-4. 2006
    ....
  88. pmc Data and safety monitoring in social behavioral intervention trials: the REACH II experience
    Sara J Czaja
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Center on Aging, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1695 N W 9th Ave, Suite 3204, Miami, Florida 33136, USA
    Clin Trials 3:107-18. 2006
    ..Most of the existing literature and guidelines for safety monitoring and reporting of adverse events focuses on medical interventions. Consequently, there is little guidance for investigators conducting social and behavior trials...
  89. pmc The role of family functioning in the stress process of dementia caregivers: a structural family framework
    Victoria B Mitrani
    Center for Family Studies, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami School of Medicine, 1425 NW 10th Avenue, Miami, FL 33136, USA
    Gerontologist 46:97-105. 2006
    ..We theorized family functioning to partially mediate the relationship between objective burden and distress and to significantly account for the prediction of distress beyond well-recognized predictors...
  90. ncbi request reprint Health stresses and depressive symptomatology in the elderly: the importance of health engagement control strategies
    Carsten Wrosch
    Department of Psychology and Centre for Research in Human Development, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Health Psychol 21:340-8. 2002
    ..Individuals who are characterized by low levels of HECS and high levels of depressive symptoms may be at increased risk of accelerated decline in their physical and mental health...
  91. ncbi request reprint The association of race and socioeconomic status with cardiovascular disease indicators among older adults in the health, aging, and body composition study
    Ronica N Rooks
    Laboratory of Epidemiology, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 57:S247-56. 2002
    ..But, accounting for a broad interpretation of socioeconomic status (SES) (i.e., education, family income, home ownership, and other assets) would reduce these differences...
  92. ncbi request reprint Transitions in spousal caregiving
    Lynda C Burton
    Health Services Research and Development Center, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Gerontologist 43:230-41. 2003
    ..This study describes transitions over 5 years among community-dwelling elderly spouses into and within caregiving roles and associated health outcomes...
  93. ncbi request reprint Positive aspects of caregiving and adaptation to bereavement
    Kathrin Boerner
    Arlene R Gordon Research Institute, Lighthouse International, New York, NY 10022, USA
    Psychol Aging 19:668-75. 2004
    ..This effect was particularly strong for the relation between benefit and grief. Results demonstrate the importance of studying both positive and negative aspects of caregiving and their relation to bereavement outcomes...
  94. ncbi request reprint Investigating moderator hypotheses in aging research: statistical, methodological, and conceptual difficulties with comparing separate regressions
    Jason T Newsom
    Institute on Aging, Portland State University, OR 97207 0751, USA
    Int J Aging Hum Dev 57:119-50. 2003
    ..These results clearly illustrate that the analysis strategy researchers choose may have important bearing on theory in aging research such as conclusions regarding the role of social support across the life span...
  95. ncbi request reprint Adaptive self-regulation of unattainable goals: goal disengagement, goal reengagement, and subjective well-being
    Carsten Wrosch
    Department of Psychology, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 29:1494-508. 2003
    ..In addition, the results showed that goal disengagement and goal reengagement can have interactive effects on subjective well-being. The importance of the findings for effective self-regulation and successful development are discussed...
  96. pmc Improving quality of life in men with prostate cancer: a randomized controlled trial of group education interventions
    Stephen J Lepore
    Columbia University, Teachers College, Department of Health and Behavior Studies, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Health Psychol 22:443-52. 2003
    ..Among college graduates, controls were comparable with the GE and GED groups in physical functioning and positive health behaviors...
  97. pmc Health-engagement control strategies and 2-year changes in older adults' physical health
    Carsten Wrosch
    Department of Psychology, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Psychol Sci 19:537-41. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that active control strategies play an important role in the maintenance of older adults' physical health...
  98. ncbi request reprint Caregiving in geriatric psychiatry
    Richard Schulz
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 12:234-7. 2004
  99. ncbi request reprint A methodology for describing and decomposing complex psychosocial and behavioral interventions
    Sara J Czaja
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami School of Medicine, Florida 33136, USA
    Psychol Aging 18:385-95. 2003
    ....
  100. pmc Depressive symptoms in older African-American and white adults with functional difficulties: the role of control strategies
    Laura N Gitlin
    Center for Applied Research on Aging and Health, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:1023-30. 2007
    ..To examine whether control-oriented strategies buffer effects of functional difficulties on depressive symptoms over time in older African-American and white adults with disability...
  101. ncbi request reprint Physical health problems, depressive mood, and cortisol secretion in old age: buffer effects of health engagement control strategies
    Carsten Wrosch
    Department of Psychology, Centre for Research in Human Development, Concordia University, and Douglas Hospital Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Health Psychol 26:341-9. 2007
    ..It was expected that adaptive levels of HECS would buffer the adverse effects of physical health problems on depressive mood and diurnal cortisol secretion...

Research Grants23

  1. Caregiver Intervention for Caregivers of SCI Patients
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The analytic plan will enable us to assess causal links between treatment components and specific outcomes as well as explore cultural and racial variations in treatment effectiveness. ..
  2. Caregiver Intervention for Caregivers of SCI Patients
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The analytic plan will enable us to assess causal links between treatment components and specific outcomes as well as explore cultural and racial variations in treatment effectiveness. ..
  3. Caregiver Intervention for Caregivers of SCI Patients
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The analytic plan will enable us to assess causal links between treatment components and specific outcomes as well as explore cultural and racial variations in treatment effectiveness. ..
  4. Intervention to Facilitate Family Caregiver Adaptation
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The intervention is expected to impact both short-term and long-term caregiver emotional distress and burden as well as bereavement-related distress. ..
  5. Intervention to Facilitate Family Caregiver Adaptation
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The intervention is expected to impact both short-term and long-term caregiver emotional distress and burden as well as bereavement-related distress. ..
  6. Daily Individual and Marital Processes in Osteoarthritis
    Lynn Martire; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Findings will have direct implications for strengthening the effectiveness of dyadic psychosocial interventions for OA. ..
  7. Intervention to Facilitate Family Caregiver Adaption
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The intervention is expected to impact both short-term and long-term caregiver emotional distress and burden as well as bereavement-related distress. ..
  8. Caregiver Intervention for Caregivers of SCI Patients
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The analytic plan will enable us to assess causal links between treatment components and specific outcomes as well as explore cultural and racial variations in treatment effectiveness. ..
  9. Coordinating Center for Caregiver Intervention Trial
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A uniform battery of predictor and outcome measures will be collected at baseline, three and six months. Cost effectiveness and clinical significance of the two conditions will also be evaluated. ..
  10. PITTSBURGH NIA ACADEMIC CAREER LEADERSHIP AWARD
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The applicant, Dr. Richard Schulz, and the supporting institution, the University of Pittsburgh, have not been prior recipients of an NIA ..
  11. PSYCHIATRIC AND PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF CAREGIVING
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Mortality rates among care-recipients are high enough in this study to enable us to examine the effects of bereavement in a relatively large sample of elderly spousal pairs. ..
  12. PSYCHIATRIC AND PHYSICAL HEALTH EFFECTS OF CAREGIVING
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Given the projected increase in the number of caregivers in the next three decades, it is essential that we obtain reliable and valid information on the health effects of taking on the caregiving role...
  13. PSYCHIATRIC AND PHYSICAL HEALTH EFFECTS OF CAREGIVING
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Given the projected increase in the number of caregivers in the next three decades, it is essential that we obtain reliable and valid information on the health effects of taking on the caregiving role...
  14. PSYCHIATRIC AND PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF CAREGIVING
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Mortality rates among care-recipients are high enough in this study to enable us to examine the effects of bereavement in a relatively large sample of elderly spousal pairs. ..
  15. PSYCHIATRIC AND PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF CAREGIVING
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Mortality rates among care-recipients are high enough in this study to enable us to examine the effects of bereavement in a relatively large sample of elderly spousal pairs. ..
  16. Caregiver Intervention for Caregivers of SCI Patients
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The analytic plan will enable us to assess causal links between treatment components and specific outcomes as well as explore cultural and racial variations in treatment effectiveness. ..
  17. Daily Individual and Marital Processes in Osteoarthritis
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings will have direct implications for strengthening the effectiveness of dyadic psychosocial interventions for OA. ..