D A Schoeller

Summary

Affiliation: University of Wisconsin
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi A novel carbon isotope biomarker for dietary sugar
    Dale A Schoeller
    Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    J Nutr 143:763-5. 2013
  2. pmc Protocol for the modeling the epidemiologic transition study: a longitudinal observational study of energy balance and change in body weight, diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk
    Amy Luke
    Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, IL, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:927. 2011
  3. ncbi The importance of clinical research: the role of thermogenesis in human obesity
    D A Schoeller
    Nutritional Sciences, The University of Wisconsin Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:511-6. 2001
  4. ncbi Energetics of obesity and weight control: does diet composition matter?
    Dale A Schoeller
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53706, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:S24-8. 2005
  5. doi The energy balance equation: looking back and looking forward are two very different views
    Dale A Schoeller
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Nutr Rev 67:249-54. 2009
  6. ncbi Making indirect calorimetry a gold standard for predicting energy requirements for institutionalized patients
    Dale A Schoeller
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:390-2. 2007
  7. ncbi Validation of habitual energy intake
    Dale A Schoeller
    Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 1415 Linden Drive, Madison 53706, USA
    Public Health Nutr 5:883-8. 2002
  8. pmc Effect of smoking status on total energy expenditure
    David P Bradley
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 7:81. 2010
  9. ncbi Determinants of the energy costs of light activities: inferences for interpreting doubly labeled water data
    D A Schoeller
    Committee on Human Nutrition and Nutritional Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:97-101. 2002
  10. ncbi Influences of calorie restriction and age on energy expenditure in the rhesus monkey
    Aarthi Raman
    Nutritional Sciences, Univ of Wisconsin Madison, 1415 Linden Dr, Madison, WI 53607, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 292:E101-6. 2007

Research Grants

  1. NONINVASIVE MEASUREMENT OF ENERGY EXPENDITURE IN HUMANS
    Dale Schoeller; Fiscal Year: 2006
  2. ISOTOPE RATIO MASS SPECTROMETER
    Dale Schoeller; Fiscal Year: 2006
  3. NONINVASIVE MEASUREMENT OF ENERGY EXPENDITURE IN HUMANS
    Dale Schoeller; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications80

  1. doi A novel carbon isotope biomarker for dietary sugar
    Dale A Schoeller
    Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    J Nutr 143:763-5. 2013
    ..This candidate biomarker of sugar consumption deserves further consideration as an objective marker for use in the study of the relationship between sugar intake and health...
  2. pmc Protocol for the modeling the epidemiologic transition study: a longitudinal observational study of energy balance and change in body weight, diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk
    Amy Luke
    Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, IL, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:927. 2011
    ..However there are few empirical data to support the assertion that low levels of energy expenditure in activity is a causal factor in the current obesity epidemic are very limited...
  3. ncbi The importance of clinical research: the role of thermogenesis in human obesity
    D A Schoeller
    Nutritional Sciences, The University of Wisconsin Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:511-6. 2001
    ..This component of TEE deserves greater attention in future studies. These studies of thermogenesis have shown the importance of clinical research as part of a comprehensive approach to understanding the etiology of human obesity...
  4. ncbi Energetics of obesity and weight control: does diet composition matter?
    Dale A Schoeller
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53706, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:S24-8. 2005
    ....
  5. doi The energy balance equation: looking back and looking forward are two very different views
    Dale A Schoeller
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Nutr Rev 67:249-54. 2009
    ..It is concluded that research and public health messages should not simply consider how interventions affect just energy expenditure or energy intake, but rather how they affect the balance or gap between energy intake and expenditure...
  6. ncbi Making indirect calorimetry a gold standard for predicting energy requirements for institutionalized patients
    Dale A Schoeller
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:390-2. 2007
  7. ncbi Validation of habitual energy intake
    Dale A Schoeller
    Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 1415 Linden Drive, Madison 53706, USA
    Public Health Nutr 5:883-8. 2002
    ..To provide a framework for use of the doubly labelled water method to measure energy expenditure in order to validate dietary instruments for the assessment of energy...
  8. pmc Effect of smoking status on total energy expenditure
    David P Bradley
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 7:81. 2010
    ..Using doubly labeled water, we found no evidence of increased energy expenditure among smokers, however, it should be noted that BMI differences in this cohort also did not differ by smoking status...
  9. ncbi Determinants of the energy costs of light activities: inferences for interpreting doubly labeled water data
    D A Schoeller
    Committee on Human Nutrition and Nutritional Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:97-101. 2002
    ..To investigate the controversy regarding the means of adjusting the energy cost of physical activity measured by doubly labeled water for differences in body size...
  10. ncbi Influences of calorie restriction and age on energy expenditure in the rhesus monkey
    Aarthi Raman
    Nutritional Sciences, Univ of Wisconsin Madison, 1415 Linden Dr, Madison, WI 53607, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 292:E101-6. 2007
    ..077). Night EE did not differ between calorie-restricted and C younger monkeys after adjusting for FFM and FM. In conclusion, CR did not alter the age-related decrease in EE with CR...
  11. ncbi How much physical activity is needed to minimize weight gain in previously obese women?
    D A Schoeller
    Committee on Human Nutrition and Nutritional Biology and the Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 66:551-6. 1997
    ..This corresponds to an average of 80 min/d of moderate activity or 35 min/d of vigorous activity added to a sedentary lifestyle...
  12. ncbi Balancing energy expenditure and body weight
    D A Schoeller
    Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 68:956S-961S. 1998
    ..Results generally support the Mayer hypothesis of a threshold of physical activity that protects against weight gain...
  13. ncbi Bioelectrical impedance analysis. What does it measure?
    D A Schoeller
    University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 904:159-62. 2000
    ..Using this approach, we demonstrated that multifrequency BIA, using the Cole-Cole model to calculate the zero frequency and infinite frequency resistance, measures extracellular and intracellular water...
  14. ncbi Use of an automated chromium reduction system for hydrogen isotope ratio analysis of physiological fluids applied to doubly labeled water analysis
    D A Schoeller
    Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    J Mass Spectrom 35:1128-32. 2000
    ..The chromium reduction method was found to be a rapid, accurate and precise method for the analysis of urine specimens from doubly labeled water...
  15. doi A meta-analysis of the effects of conjugated linoleic acid on fat-free mass in humans
    Dale A Schoeller
    Department of Nutritional Sciences and Obstetrics, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 34:975-8. 2009
    ..week(-1); p = 0.8), or an effect of dosage (0.1 +/- 0.1 kg.g CLA(-1).day(-1); p = 0.3). We conclude that FFM does increase in humans during CLA treatment, but the onset of the increase is rapid and the total increase is small (<1%)...
  16. ncbi Evaluation of dietary assessment instruments against doubly labeled water, a biomarker of habitual energy intake
    J Trabulsi
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1571, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 281:E891-9. 2001
    ..Further research is needed to identify underreporters and to determine how to account for this bias in studies of diet and health...
  17. ncbi The role of conjugated linoleic acid in reducing body fat and preventing holiday weight gain
    A C Watras
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:481-7. 2007
    ..Although research in humans has shown inconsistent results, most studies have been of insufficient duration or have utilized body composition methods that are less accurate than the currently accepted criterion...
  18. ncbi Pattern and cost of weight gain in previously obese women
    S B Votruba
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 282:E923-30. 2002
    ..Expressed per kilogram of body weight gain, the energy cost of weight gain was calculated to be 54.8 +/- 4.6 MJ/kg. Interestingly, weight regain time courses fell into three distinct patterns, possibly requiring varying countermeasures...
  19. pmc Effect of conjugated linoleic acid on body fat accretion in overweight or obese children
    Natalie M Racine
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1157-64. 2010
    ..Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a supplemental dietary fatty acid that decreases fat mass accretion in young animals...
  20. pmc Comparison of total energy expenditure between school and summer months
    S R J Zinkel
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI, USA
    Pediatr Obes 8:404-10. 2013
    ..Childhood obesity has increased 3 to 4 fold. Some children gain excess weight in summer...
  21. ncbi Validation of deuterium labeled fatty acids for the measurement of dietary fat oxidation: a method for measuring fat-oxidation in free-living subjects
    S B Votruba
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:1240-5. 2001
    ..In addition, the deuterium label has a decreased potential for isotopic exchange compared to (13)C or (14)C, so a recovery correction factor is probably not required...
  22. doi Insights into energy balance from doubly labeled water
    D A Schoeller
    Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53528, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:S72-5. 2008
    ....
  23. ncbi Prior exercise increases subsequent utilization of dietary fat
    Susan B Votruba
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53706, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1757-65. 2002
    ..This study was undertaken to determine whether exercise after an overnight fast would alter the partitioning of dietary fat between oxidation and storage...
  24. ncbi Conjugated linoleic acid supplementation alters the 6-mo change in fat oxidation during sleep
    Rachel N Close
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:797-804. 2007
    ..Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a family of positional and geometric isomers with 2 conjugated double bonds formed from linoleic acid and linolenic acid. CLA has a wide range of biological effects, including body fat reduction...
  25. ncbi Is a calorie a calorie?
    Andrea C Buchholz
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1415 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:899S-906S. 2004
    ....
  26. pmc Prediction of fat-free mass using bioelectrical impedance analysis in young adults from five populations of African origin
    A Luke
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, IL, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 67:956-60. 2013
    ..Because of significant under-representation in existing literature, we sought to develop and validate predictive equation(s) for BIA for studies in populations of African origin...
  27. ncbi Natural abundance deuterium and 18-oxygen effects on the precision of the doubly labeled water method
    M A Horvitz
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 280:E965-72. 2001
    ..delta18O were 6 and 7, respectively. Modeling indicated that 2H and 18O doses yielding a 6:1 ratio of final enrichments should minimize this error introduced to the doubly labeled water method...
  28. ncbi Precision of the doubly labeled water method in a large-scale application: evaluation of a streamlined-dosing protocol in the Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) study
    J Trabulsi
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:1370-7. 2003
    ..To evaluate whether the doubly labeled water (DLW) method is precise under conditions required for a large-scale evaluation of dietary intake instruments...
  29. ncbi Exercise increases the proportion of fat utilization during short-term consumption of a high-fat diet
    Kent C Hansen
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:109-16. 2007
    ..Increases in energy substrate oxidation occur at different rates after an increase in either fat or carbohydrate intake. Adaptations to increased fat intake are relatively slow and are influenced by activity level...
  30. pmc Metabolizable energy intake during long-term calorie restriction in rhesus monkeys
    Aarthi Raman
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Exp Gerontol 42:988-94. 2007
    ..Use of diet weight is a reasonable estimate of the level of CR when food waste is assessed...
  31. ncbi Energy requirements in the eighth decade of life
    Stephane Blanc
    University of Wisconsin Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:303-10. 2004
    ..Knowledge of energy requirements among relatively healthy elderly is limited...
  32. ncbi The energetics of wasting diseases
    Roger Kulstad
    Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 10:488-93. 2007
    ..Although wasting is a general sign of energy imbalance, the relative contribution of increased energy demands and decreased energy intake remains incompletely understood...
  33. ncbi Efficacy of conjugated linoleic acid for reducing fat mass: a meta-analysis in humans
    Leah D Whigham
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53792 6188, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1203-11. 2007
    ..Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been shown to be an effective supplement for reducing fat mass in animals, whereas results in humans have been inconsistent...
  34. ncbi Is leg-to-leg BIA valid for predicting minimum weight in wrestlers?
    R Randall Clark
    University of Wisconsin Hospital Sports Medicine Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53711, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1061-8. 2005
    ..The rule requires assessment of body composition before the competitive season to minimize unhealthy weight-loss practices. Leg-to-leg bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) has been suggested for use with wrestlers...
  35. ncbi Minimum weight prediction methods cross-validated by the four-component model
    R Randall Clark
    University of Wisconsin Hospital Sports Medicine Center, Madison, WI 53711, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:639-47. 2004
    ..The rule was implemented to minimize unhealthy weight loss practices and requires assessment of body composition before the competitive season...
  36. pmc Sleep curtailment is accompanied by increased intake of calories from snacks
    Arlet V Nedeltcheva
    Department of Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:126-33. 2009
    ..Short sleep is associated with obesity and may alter the endocrine regulation of hunger and appetite...
  37. pmc Assessing validity and reliability of resting metabolic rate in six gas analysis systems
    Jamie A Cooper
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:128-32. 2009
    ..The TrueOne and Vmax systems were the most valid instruments in comparison with the DTC for both RMR and RER assessment. Further testing is needed to identify an instrument with the reliability and validity of the DTC...
  38. ncbi Estimation of segmental muscle volume by bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy
    Cynthia Bartok
    Dept of Nutritional Sciences, Univ of Wisconsin Madison, 1415 Linden Dr, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    J Appl Physiol 96:161-6. 2004
    ..Further research, however, is needed to determine whether BIS can accurately access separate changes in intracellular and extracellular volume...
  39. pmc Effects of dietary fatty acid composition on 24-h energy expenditure and chronic disease risk factors in men
    Jamie A Cooper
    Departments of Nutritional Sciences and Family Practice, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1350-6. 2009
    ..Controlled feeding studies and measures of short-term resting energy expenditure (REE) have suggested that the type of dietary fat may alter energy expenditure (EE)...
  40. doi Serum leptin levels in obese males during over- and underfeeding
    Jamie A Cooper
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:2149-54. 2009
    ..Consequently, leptin levels in obese males do not respond to changes in energy intake in a manner that would protect against weight gain...
  41. ncbi Multicomponent cross-validation of minimum weight predictions for college wrestlers
    R Randall Clark
    U W Hospital Sports Medicine Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53711, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:342-7. 2003
    ..In 1998, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) adopted a rule requiring that skinfolds (SF) or hydrostatic weighing (HW) be used to estimate minimum weight (MW) in college wrestlers...
  42. pmc Perceived weight discrimination amplifies the link between central adiposity and nondiabetic glycemic control (HbA1c)
    Vera K Tsenkova
    School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin Madison, USA
    Ann Behav Med 41:243-51. 2011
    ..While the preclinical development of type 2 diabetes is partly explained by obesity and central adiposity, psychosocial research has shown that chronic stressors such as discrimination have health consequences as well...
  43. ncbi Clinical characteristics influencing bioelectrical impedance analysis measurements
    R F Kushner
    Clinical Nutrition Research Unit, University of Chicago, IL, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 64:423S-427S. 1996
    ..We review the factors that have been identified from the literature as being conditions requiring standardization both for healthy subjects and for those in a medical setting...
  44. doi Exenatide and weight loss
    David P Bradley
    Division of Endocrinology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Nutrition 26:243-9. 2010
    ..The present review aims to enumerate exenatide-instigated weight loss, summarize the known mechanisms of exenatide-induced weight loss, and elaborate on its possible application in the pharmacotherapy of obesity...
  45. ncbi Insulin sensitivity and glucose effectiveness from three minimal models: effects of energy restriction and body fat in adult male rhesus monkeys
    Theresa A Gresl
    Wisconsin Primate Research Center, 1220 Capitol Court, Madison, WI 53715, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 285:R1340-54. 2003
    ..The observed insulin sensitivity indexes from all models, elevated among R vs. C monkeys, may be explained, at least in part, by the difference in body fat content between these groups after chronic DR...
  46. ncbi Influence of delayed isotopic equilibration in urine on the accuracy of the (2)H(2)(18)O method in the elderly
    Stephane Blanc
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 1571, USA
    J Appl Physiol 92:1036-44. 2002
    ..It is recommended, when blood sampling is impossible, to adopt the intercept method with urine sampling 24 h postdose...
  47. doi The natural 13C abundance of plasma glucose is a useful biomarker of recent dietary caloric sweetener intake
    Chad M Cook
    University of Wisconsin, Interdepartmental Graduate Program in Nutritional Science, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    J Nutr 140:333-7. 2010
    ..The natural delta(13)C abundance of postprandial plasma glucose relative to dietary C(4) CHO content was a valid biomarker for contributions of C(4) caloric sweeteners from the previous meal...
  48. ncbi The effect of dehydration on wrestling minimum weight assessment
    Cynthia Bartok
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:160-7. 2004
    ..Given that some wrestlers arrive for minimum weight (MW) testing in a dehydrated condition, it is important to understand the effects of dehydration on MW assessment methods...
  49. ncbi Prior exercise increases dietary oleate, but not palmitate oxidation
    Susanne B Votruba
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Obes Res 11:1509-18. 2003
    ..We hypothesize that this may be related to the partitioning of dietary fat between oxidation and storage...
  50. ncbi Reference body composition in adult rhesus monkeys: glucoregulatory and anthropometric indices
    Aarthi Raman
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 60:1518-24. 2005
    ..The estimated reference range for %BF was 9%-23% in male and 8%-18% in female monkeys, corresponding to body mass indices of 32-44 kg/m(2) for male and 27-35 kg/m(2) for female monkeys...
  51. ncbi The financial reality of overeating
    Rachel N Close
    University of Wisconsin Madison, WI 53706, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 25:203-9. 2006
    ....
  52. ncbi Uses of stable isotopes in the assessment of nutrient status and metabolism
    Dale A Schoeller
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisc, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 23:17-20. 2002
    ..Stable isotopes provide a window into human metabolism that is particularly valuable to the quantitative study of human nutrition...
  53. ncbi Validation of deuterium-labeled fatty acids for the measurement of dietary fat oxidation during physical activity
    Aarthi Raman
    Interdepartmental Program in Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI, USA
    J Lipid Res 45:2339-44. 2004
    ..96x + 0; P <0.0001) when used to measure fatty acid oxidation during exercise. Thus, d31-palmitate can be used in outpatient settings as it eliminates the need for acetate correction and frequent sampling...
  54. ncbi Hydration testing in collegiate wrestlers undergoing hypertonic dehydration
    Cynthia Bartok
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:510-7. 2004
    ..Because dehydration (DEH) violates assumptions used in the assessment of body composition, hydration testing has become an integral part of minimal weight (MW) assessment...
  55. ncbi 2001 uses of stable isotopes in the assessment of nutrient status and metabolism
    Dale A Schoeller
    University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisc, USA
    Forum Nutr 56:310-1. 2003
    ..Stable isotopes provide a window into human metabolism that is particularly valuable to the quantitative study of human nutrition...
  56. ncbi Structure of dietary measurement error: results of the OPEN biomarker study
    Victor Kipnis
    Biometry Research Group, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7354, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:14-21; discussion 22-6. 2003
    ..Results suggest that the interpretation of findings from FFQ-based epidemiologic studies of diet-disease associations needs to be reevaluated...
  57. ncbi A comparison of a food frequency questionnaire with a 24-hour recall for use in an epidemiological cohort study: results from the biomarker-based Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) study
    Arthur Schatzkin
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 32:1054-62. 2003
    ..We use data from the Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) study to compare the performance of a FFQ with that of a 24-hour recall (24HR)...
  58. ncbi Using intake biomarkers to evaluate the extent of dietary misreporting in a large sample of adults: the OPEN study
    Amy F Subar
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:1-13. 2003
    ..There was little underreporting of the percentage of energy from protein for men or women. These findings have important implications for nutritional epidemiology and dietary surveillance...
  59. ncbi Body composition of children in south-western Nigeria: validation of bio-electrical impedance analysis
    Cinthia R Leman
    Departments of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Loyola University, Maywood, IL 60153, USA
    Ann Trop Paediatr 23:61-7. 2003
    ..Body composition data are presented by gender and age group. BIA was validated for use among Nigerian children and adults and provides a potentially important tool for research...
  60. ncbi Measurement of nutritional status in simulated microgravity by bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy
    Cynthia Bartok
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    J Appl Physiol 95:225-32. 2003
    ..BIS may have potential for measuring nutritional status during spaceflight, but its limitations in precision and insensitivity to acute ICW changes warrant further validation studies...
  61. ncbi Comparison of the effectiveness of 2 dual-energy X-ray absorptiometers with that of total body water and computed tomography in assessing changes in body composition during weight change
    Frances A Tylavsky
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis, 38105, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:356-63. 2003
    ..Little information is available on the assessment of changes in body composition as a function of weight change with the use of the fan beam of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
  62. ncbi QDR 4500A DXA overestimates fat-free mass compared with criterion methods
    Frances Tylavsky
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 94:959-65. 2003
    ..These findings suggest that the current calibration of the fan-beam system of the Hologic QDR 4500A provides an overestimate of FFM and underestimate of FM compared with reference methods...
  63. ncbi Activity energy expenditure and adiposity among black adults in Nigeria and the United States
    Amy Luke
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Loyola University School of Medicine, Maywood, IL 60153, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:1045-50. 2002
    ..The prevalence of obesity is higher among populations in industrialized than in developing countries...
  64. pmc Estimates of body fat in children by Hologic QDR-2000 and QDR-4500A dual-energy X-ray absorptiometers compared with deuterium dilution
    Delphine R Robotham
    Unit on Growth and Obesity, Developmental Endocrinology Branch, NICHD, National Institutes of Health, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 42:331-5. 2006
    ..51, P < 0.001). We conclude that neither densitometer is equivalent to DD for estimation of children's FM. The QDR-4500A's current calibration seems to provide an even greater underestimate of FM than the QDR-2000...
  65. ncbi Why do obese patients not lose more weight when treated with low-calorie diets? A mechanistic perspective
    Steven B Heymsfield
    Merck and Company, Rahway, NJ, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:346-54. 2007
    ....
  66. ncbi Bioelectrical impedance vs. four-compartment model to assess body fat change in overweight adults
    Laura E Chouinard
    Department of Family Relations and Applied Nutrition, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road E, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:85-92. 2007
    ..Our objective was to determine the ability of leg-to-leg BIA vs. the four-compartment (4C) model to detect small changes in %FM in overweight adults...
  67. ncbi Total energy expenditure in the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia as measured by the doubly labeled water method
    J Josh Snodgrass
    Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:798-806. 2006
    ..Although reduced physical activity has been implicated, few studies have accurately quantified energy expenditure in subsistence populations...
  68. ncbi Are dietary restraint scales valid measures of moderate- to long-term dietary restriction? Objective biological and behavioral data suggest not
    Eric Stice
    Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Psychol Assess 19:449-58. 2007
    ....
  69. ncbi Total daily energy expenditure among middle-aged men and women: the OPEN Study
    Janet A Tooze
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:382-7. 2007
    ..The committee that developed the 2002 Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) estimated energy requirements (EER) noted that DLW studies in adults aged 40 to 60 y were limited...
  70. doi Calcium and dairy product modulation of lipid utilization and energy expenditure
    Dorothy Teegarden
    Interdepartmental Nutrition Program, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:1566-72. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of dietary calcium or dairy product intake on total energy expenditure (TEE), fat oxidation, and thermic effect of a meal (TEM) during a weight loss trial...
  71. ncbi QDR 4500A dual-energy X-ray absorptiometer underestimates fat mass in comparison with criterion methods in adults
    Dale A Schoeller
    Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:1018-25. 2005
    ....
  72. ncbi Calculation of energy expenditure in women using the MET system
    Elisabet Forsum
    Division of Nutrition, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, University of Linkoping, Linkoping, Sweden
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1520-5. 2006
    ..These relationships may be altered by increases in percent total body fat (% TBF), and this paper examines relationships between % TBF and total energy expenditure (TEE) obtained using the standard and a proposed calculation...
  73. ncbi Daily activity energy expenditure and mortality among older adults
    Todd M Manini
    National Institute on Aging, Laboratory of Epidemiology, Demography and Biometry, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    JAMA 296:171-9. 2006
    ..Exercise is associated with mortality benefits but simply expending energy through any activity in an individual's free-living environment may confer survival advantages...
  74. ncbi Water turnover in 458 American adults 40-79 yr of age
    Aarthi Raman
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 286:F394-401. 2004
    ..These results demonstrate that water turnover is highly variable among individuals and that little of the variance is explained by anthropometric parameters...
  75. ncbi Validation of estimates of total body water in pediatric dialysis patients by deuterium dilution
    Susan R Mendley
    University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Kidney Int 67:2056-62. 2005
    ....
  76. ncbi Human caloric restriction for retardation of aging: current approaches and preliminary data
    Susan B Roberts
    Jean Mayer U S Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    J Nutr 137:1076-7. 2007
  77. ncbi Dietary restriction and beta-cell sensitivity to glucose in adult male rhesus monkeys
    Theresa A Gresl
    Wisconsin National Primate Research Center and Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53715, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58:598-610. 2003
    ..Enhanced peripheral insulin sensitivity among R monkeys was strongly correlated with lower Ø(b)...
  78. ncbi But how much physical activity?
    Dale A Schoeller
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:669-70. 2003
  79. ncbi Water turnover and changes in body composition during arduous wildfire suppression
    Brent C Ruby
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Health and Human Performance, The University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812 1825, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1760-5. 2003
    ..The elevated rates of isotopic elimination indicate an arduous working environment that may often compromise energy balance and overall hydration...
  80. doi The acetate recovery factor to correct tracer-derived dietary fat oxidation in humans
    Audrey Bergouignan
    Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien Département d Ecologie, Physiologie, Ethologie Université Louis Pasteur Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 7178, Strasbourg, France
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 294:E645-53. 2008
    ..These data indicate that an average dARF can be applied for longitudinal and cross-sectional studies investigating dietary lipid metabolism...

Research Grants12

  1. NONINVASIVE MEASUREMENT OF ENERGY EXPENDITURE IN HUMANS
    Dale Schoeller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies will provide important guidelines for the prescription of exercise for the prevention and treatment of obesity. ..
  2. ISOTOPE RATIO MASS SPECTROMETER
    Dale Schoeller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, this new instrument will provide new capacity in the form of the solids combustion inlet. This expands our potential users group in the area of development of dietary biomarkers. ..
  3. NONINVASIVE MEASUREMENT OF ENERGY EXPENDITURE IN HUMANS
    Dale Schoeller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will provide important guidelines for the prescription of exercise for the prevention and treatment of obesity. ..