N Safdar

Summary

Affiliation: University of Wisconsin
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Clinical and economic consequences of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a systematic review
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Crit Care Med 33:2184-93. 2005
  2. doi request reprint Feasibility and tolerability of probiotics for prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea in hospitalized US military veterans
    N Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Wisconsin Medical School, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, WI, USA
    J Clin Pharm Ther 33:663-8. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint Arterial catheter-related bloodstream infection: incidence, pathogenesis, risk factors and prevention
    N Safdar
    William S Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, WI, USA Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI, USA Electronic address
    J Hosp Infect 85:189-95. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Polyclonal immunoglobulins and hyperimmune globulins in prevention and management of infectious diseases
    Jennifer L Hsu
    Division of Infectious Disease, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 25:773-88. 2011
  5. pmc Antimicrobial catheters in the ICU: is the juice worth the squeeze?
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, H4 572, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Crit Care 13:148. 2009
  6. doi request reprint Educational interventions for prevention of healthcare-associated infection: a systematic review
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI, USA
    Crit Care Med 36:933-40. 2008
  7. doi request reprint Infections after the use of alemtuzumab in solid organ transplant recipients: a comparative study
    Nasia Safdar
    Department of Medicine, Section Infectious Diseases, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 54792, USA
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 66:7-15. 2010
  8. ncbi request reprint Clinical problem-solving. Into the woods
    Nasia Safdar
    Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Madison School of Medicine, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:943-7. 2007
  9. doi request reprint The risk of infection after nasal colonization with Staphylococcus aureus
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Am J Med 121:310-5. 2008
  10. doi request reprint Clinical problem-solving. An unintended consequence--a 79-year-old man with a 5-month history of fatigue and 20-lb (9-kg) weight loss presented to his local physician
    Nasia Safdar
    Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    N Engl J Med 358:1496-501. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications55

  1. ncbi request reprint Clinical and economic consequences of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a systematic review
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Crit Care Med 33:2184-93. 2005
    ..Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common nosocomial infection in critically ill patients. The clinical and economic consequences of VAP are unclear, with a broad range of values reported in the literature..
  2. doi request reprint Feasibility and tolerability of probiotics for prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea in hospitalized US military veterans
    N Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Wisconsin Medical School, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, WI, USA
    J Clin Pharm Ther 33:663-8. 2008
    ..Probiotics may be efficacious for the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea. The tolerability and acceptability of probiotics in an elderly US veteran population has not been assessed...
  3. ncbi request reprint Arterial catheter-related bloodstream infection: incidence, pathogenesis, risk factors and prevention
    N Safdar
    William S Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, WI, USA Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI, USA Electronic address
    J Hosp Infect 85:189-95. 2013
    ..Arterial catheters are essential in critical care for haemodynamic and blood gas monitoring. The risk of infection remains ill defined...
  4. doi request reprint Polyclonal immunoglobulins and hyperimmune globulins in prevention and management of infectious diseases
    Jennifer L Hsu
    Division of Infectious Disease, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 25:773-88. 2011
    ..The authors review the evidence for the use of immunoglobulin therapy in common adult infectious diseases...
  5. pmc Antimicrobial catheters in the ICU: is the juice worth the squeeze?
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, H4 572, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Crit Care 13:148. 2009
    ..A comprehensive economic evaluation is essential to guide informed decision-making regarding the adoption of this technology and its expected benefits in healthcare institutions...
  6. doi request reprint Educational interventions for prevention of healthcare-associated infection: a systematic review
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI, USA
    Crit Care Med 36:933-40. 2008
    ..Healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Education of healthcare providers is a fundamental measure to prevent HCAI...
  7. doi request reprint Infections after the use of alemtuzumab in solid organ transplant recipients: a comparative study
    Nasia Safdar
    Department of Medicine, Section Infectious Diseases, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 54792, USA
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 66:7-15. 2010
    ..76; 95% CI, 1.58-14.28; P = .003). Basiliximab posed a higher risk than alemtuzumab for infection. Disseminated candidal infections were more common in patients receiving alemtuzumab...
  8. ncbi request reprint Clinical problem-solving. Into the woods
    Nasia Safdar
    Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Madison School of Medicine, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:943-7. 2007
  9. doi request reprint The risk of infection after nasal colonization with Staphylococcus aureus
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Am J Med 121:310-5. 2008
    ..Some studies have found that colonization with methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) poses a greater risk of clinical infection than colonization with methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA). However, the magnitude of risk is unclear...
  10. doi request reprint Clinical problem-solving. An unintended consequence--a 79-year-old man with a 5-month history of fatigue and 20-lb (9-kg) weight loss presented to his local physician
    Nasia Safdar
    Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    N Engl J Med 358:1496-501. 2008
  11. ncbi request reprint The commonality of risk factors for nosocomial colonization and infection with antimicrobial-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, enterococcus, gram-negative bacilli, Clostridium difficile, and Candida
    Nasia Safdar
    Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 600 Highland Avenue, H4 572, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Ann Intern Med 136:834-44. 2002
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Infected bilomas in liver transplant recipients, incidence, risk factors and implications for prevention
    Adnan Said
    Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, WI, USA
    Am J Transplant 4:574-82. 2004
    ..T-tube drainage post-transplantation bears reassessment. The protective effect of ursodeoxycholic acid found in this study warrants confirmation in a prospective multicenter, randomized trial...
  13. ncbi request reprint The Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey is responsive, reliable, and valid
    Bruce Barrett
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, 53715, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:609-17. 2005
    ..To assess reliability, responsiveness, importance to patients, and convergent validity for the Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey (WURSS-44) and to develop a short-form WURSS...
  14. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of preemptive barrier precautions in controlling nosocomial colonization and infection by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a burn unit
    Nasia Safdar
    Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School and University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA
    Am J Infect Control 34:476-83. 2006
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Using benefit harm tradeoffs to estimate sufficiently important difference: the case of the common cold
    Bruce Barrett
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI 53715, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:47-55. 2005
    ..Little is known about patient preferences regarding benefits and harms of common cold treatments...
  16. ncbi request reprint Infected bilomas in liver transplant recipients: clinical features, optimal management, and risk factors for mortality
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 39:517-25. 2004
    ..Infected hepatic fluid collections (bilomas) are a major infectious complication of liver transplantation. Limited data exist on management and outcome of biloma...
  17. ncbi request reprint The role of selective digestive decontamination for reducing infection in patients undergoing liver transplantation: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI, USA
    Liver Transpl 10:817-27. 2004
    ..Larger multicenter randomized trials in this patient population to assess the effect of SDD in reducing infection and mortality, while assessing the risk of antimicrobial resistance, are needed...
  18. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal trends in antibiotic resistance in US nursing homes, 2000-2004
    Christopher J Crnich
    Section of Infectious Diseases and Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Medical School, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:1006-8. 2007
    ..Significant increases in the number and proportion of infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria were documented over the 5-year study. Further research on antibiotic resistance in nursing homes is urgently needed...
  19. ncbi request reprint Prevalence, consequences, and solutions
    Dennis G Maki
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 27:121S-125S. 2007
    ..Education of the patient and the prescriber, as well as antimicrobial stewardship programs, are necessary to avert a global antibiotic resistance catastrophe...
  20. pmc In vivo pharmacodynamic activity of daptomycin
    Nasia Safdar
    Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53792, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 48:63-8. 2004
    ..The long PAE and potent bactericidal activity make daptomycin an attractive option for the treatment of infections caused by gram-positive bacteria...
  21. pmc Voriconazole therapeutic drug monitoring
    J Smith
    University of Wisconsin, Department of Medicine, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 50:1570-2. 2006
    ..Favorable responses were observed in 10/10 patients with concentrations above 2.05 microg/ml, while disease progressed in 44% (n=18) of patients with concentrations below 2.05 microg/ml...
  22. doi request reprint Statins are associated with improved outcomes of bloodstream infection in solid-organ transplant recipients
    J Hsu
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Room H4 572 CSC, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 28:1343-51. 2009
    ..In conclusion, appropriate antibiotic therapy and statin use are associated with lower risk of mortality from BSIs in this patient population...
  23. ncbi request reprint Rhino-orbital-cerebral zygomycosis in solid organ transplant recipients
    Hsin Yun Sun
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Transplantation 90:85-92. 2010
    ..Rhino-orbital-cerebral disease is a significant manifestation of zygomycosis in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. However, its characteristics and outcome are not well addressed...
  24. pmc Comparison of culture screening methods for detection of nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: a prospective study comparing 32 methods
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 41:3163-6. 2003
    ..Direct inoculation of swabs onto MSAL(Ox) allows detection of 90% of MRSA carriers...
  25. pmc Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic comparison of amphotericin B (AMB) and two lipid-associated AMB preparations, liposomal AMB and AMB lipid complex, in murine candidiasis models
    D Andes
    Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin, 600 Highland Ave, Room H4 572, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 50:674-84. 2006
    ..1)...
  26. ncbi request reprint The role of lactobacillus probiotics in the treatment or prevention of urogenital infections--a systematic review
    C L Abad
    Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    J Chemother 21:243-52. 2009
    ..Further research and larger studies on types of lactobacilli strains, dosage of lactobacilli, optimal route and vehicle of administration are needed...
  27. ncbi request reprint A review of risk factors for catheter-related bloodstream infection caused by percutaneously inserted, noncuffed central venous catheters: implications for preventive strategies
    Nasia Safdar
    Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School and University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics, Madison, 53792, USA
    Medicine (Baltimore) 81:466-79. 2002
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Inflammation at the insertion site is not predictive of catheter-related bloodstream infection with short-term, noncuffed central venous catheters
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI, USA
    Crit Care Med 30:2632-5. 2002
    ..S. hospitals each year. We report a prospective study to determine whether inflammation at the insertion site is predictive of CVC-related BSI...
  29. ncbi request reprint Use of vancomycin-containing lock or flush solutions for prevention of bloodstream infection associated with central venous access devices: a meta-analysis of prospective, randomized trials
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:474-84. 2006
    ..We aimed to determine the efficacy of vancomycin-heparin lock or flush solution in preventing BSI in patients being treated with long-term central venous intravascular devices (IVDs)...
  30. ncbi request reprint The pathogenesis of ventilator-associated pneumonia: its relevance to developing effective strategies for prevention
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, University of Wisconsin Center for Health Sciences, Madison WI, USA
    Respir Care 50:725-39; discussion 739-41. 2005
    ..Routine surveillance of VAP, to track endemic VAPs and facilitate early detection of outbreaks, is mandatory...
  31. doi request reprint Treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection: a systematic review
    J C O'Horo
    Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
    Infection 42:43-59. 2014
    ..Recurrent CDI (RCDI) is associated with considerable morbidity, mortality, and cost. Treatment for RCDI has not been not well examined...
  32. ncbi request reprint From ulcer to infection: an update on clinical practice and adjunctive treatments of diabetic foot ulcers
    C Abad
    Early Intervention Program Clinic, Milwaukee Health Services, Inc, Milwaukee, WI, USA
    Curr Infect Dis Rep 14:540-50. 2012
    ..This review summarizes the underlying pathology and classification of diabetic ulcers and focuses on recent advances that have important implications for the use of adjunctive therapy for diabetic foot infections...
  33. doi request reprint Adverse effects of isolation in hospitalised patients: a systematic review
    C Abad
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    J Hosp Infect 76:97-102. 2010
    ..Large studies examining a number of safety indicators to assess the adverse effects of isolation are needed. Patient education may be an important step to mitigate the adverse psychological effects of isolation and is recommended...
  34. ncbi request reprint Predictors and outcomes of candiduria in renal transplant recipients
    N Safdar
    Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 40:1413-21. 2005
    ..The epidemiology of candiduria in renal transplantation is unknown...
  35. ncbi request reprint Blastomycosis in solid organ transplant recipients
    G M Gauthier
    Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA
    Transpl Infect Dis 9:310-7. 2007
    ..In solid organ transplant recipients, the epidemiology, clinical features, and outcomes have not been fully described...
  36. ncbi request reprint Urokinase lock or flush solution for prevention of bloodstream infections associated with central venous catheters for chemotherapy: a meta-analysis of prospective randomized trials
    S Kethireddy
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    J Vasc Access 9:51-7. 2008
    ..We undertook a systematic review to determine the efficacy of urokinase-heparin lock or flush solution compared with heparin alone in preventing IVD-associated BSI...
  37. doi request reprint Prevention of endemic healthcare-associated Clostridium difficile infection: reviewing the evidence
    J Hsu
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 105:2327-39; quiz 2340. 2010
    ..difficile infection (CDI), interventions to prevent healthcare-associated CDI are essential. We undertook a systematic review of interventions to reduce healthcare-associated CDI...
  38. ncbi request reprint The pathogenesis of catheter-related bloodstream infection with noncuffed short-term central venous catheters
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Medical School, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Intensive Care Med 30:62-7. 2004
    ..We report a prospective study undertaken to determine the pathogenesis of CVC-related BSI...
  39. doi request reprint The role of immunoglobulin for the treatment of Clostridium difficile infection: a systematic review
    John O'Horo
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Int J Infect Dis 13:663-7. 2009
    ..difficile infection. Further research is urgently needed to clarify the role of immunoglobulin--intravenous or oral--for the treatment of C. difficile infection...
  40. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis: methods for diagnosing intravascular device-related bloodstream infection
    Nasia Safdar
    University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Ann Intern Med 142:451-66. 2005
    ..No consensus exists on the best methods for diagnosis of intravascular device (IVD)-related bloodstream infection...
  41. ncbi request reprint The role of the intensive care unit environment in the pathogenesis and prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Christopher J Crnich
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, University of Wisconsin Center for Health Sciences, Madison WI, USA
    Respir Care 50:813-36; discussion 836-8. 2005
    ..This review examines strategies to prevent transmission of environmental pathogens to the vulnerable mechanically-ventilated patient...
  42. ncbi request reprint Risk of hemolytic uremic syndrome after antibiotic treatment of Escherichia coli O157:H7 enteritis: a meta-analysis
    Nasia Safdar
    Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School and University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, WI 53792 5158, USA
    JAMA 288:996-1001. 2002
    ..However, other larger studies have reported a protective effect or no association...
  43. ncbi request reprint Topical chlorhexidine for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a meta-analysis
    Maciej Piotr Chlebicki
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Crit Care Med 35:595-602. 2007
    ..To assess the efficacy of topical chlorhexidine for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in a meta-analysis...
  44. pmc Severe Ehrlichia chaffeensis infection in a lung transplant recipient: a review of ehrlichiosis in the immunocompromised patient
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Wisconsin Medical School, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:320-3. 2002
    ..Of 23 reported cases of ehrlichiosis in immunocompromised patients, organ failure occurred in all patients and 6 (25%) died...
  45. ncbi request reprint Does combination antimicrobial therapy reduce mortality in Gram-negative bacteraemia? A meta-analysis
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 4:519-27. 2004
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint Risk of catheter-related bloodstream infection with peripherally inserted central venous catheters used in hospitalized patients
    Nasia Safdar
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, USA
    Chest 128:489-95. 2005
    ..Data on the risk of PICC-related bloodstream infection (BSI) with PICCs used in hospitalized patients are limited...
  47. ncbi request reprint Quality of care and satisfaction among patients isolated for infection control
    Nasia Safdar
    JAMA 291:420-1; author reply 421-2. 2004
  48. ncbi request reprint Device-associated nosocomial infection rates in intensive care units in four Mexican public hospitals
    Ector Jaime Ramirez Barba
    Public Health Institute, Secretary of Health, Guanajuato, Mexico
    Am J Infect Control 34:244-7. 2006
    ..Routine surveillance of nosocomial infections has become an integral part of infection control and quality assurance in US hospitals...
  49. ncbi request reprint The attributable cost and length of hospital stay because of nosocomial pneumonia in intensive care units in 3 hospitals in Argentina: a prospective, matched analysis
    Victor D Rosenthal
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Hospital of Epidemiology, Bernal Medical Center, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Am J Infect Control 33:157-61. 2005
    ..No information is available on the financial impact of nosocomial pneumonia in Argentina. To calculate the cost of nosocomial pneumonia in intensive care units, a 5-year, matched cohort study was undertaken at 3 hospitals in Argentina...
  50. ncbi request reprint Effect of education and performance feedback on rates of catheter-associated urinary tract infection in intensive care units in Argentina
    Victor Daniel Rosenthal
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, Colegiales Medical Center, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 25:47-50. 2004
    ..To evaluate the effect of education and performance feedback regarding compliance with catheter care and handwashing on rates of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (UTI) in intensive care units (ICUs)...
  51. ncbi request reprint The effect of process control on the incidence of central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections and mortality in intensive care units in Mexico
    Francisco Higuera
    General Hospital, Mexico City, Mexico
    Crit Care Med 33:2022-7. 2005
    ..To ascertain the effect of an infection control program including process control on intensive care unit (ICU) rates of intravascular device (IVD)-associated bloodstream infection (BSI)...
  52. ncbi request reprint Bloodstream infection: an ounce of prevention is a ton of work
    Nasia Safdar
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:511-4. 2005
  53. ncbi request reprint Reduction in nosocomial infection with improved hand hygiene in intensive care units of a tertiary care hospital in Argentina
    Victor D Rosenthal
    Section of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, Colegiales Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Am J Infect Control 33:392-7. 2005
    ..We attempted to enhance compliance with hand hygiene by implementing education, training, and performance feedback. We measured nosocomial infections in parallel...
  54. ncbi request reprint Lost in translation
    Nasia Safdar
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:3-7. 2006
  55. ncbi request reprint Prevalence-dependent diagnostic accuracy measures
    Jialiang Li
    Department of Statistics and Applied Probability, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    Stat Med 26:3258-73. 2007
    ..The methods are illustrated in a meta-analysis of diagnostic tests for intravascular device-related bloodstream infection, where the prevalence may vary widely both within and across populations...