Mark S Roberts

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Survival after liver transplantation in the United States: a disease-specific analysis of the UNOS database
    Mark S Roberts
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, Division of General Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Center for Research on Health Care, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Liver Transpl 10:886-97. 2004
  2. pmc Short-term mortality in acute pulmonary embolism: clot burden and signs of right heart dysfunction at CT pulmonary angiography
    Alessandro Furlan
    Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 200 Lothrop St, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Radiology 265:283-93. 2012
  3. pmc Cost-effectiveness of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine among healthcare workers during an influenza pandemic
    Kenneth J Smith
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Manag Care 16:200-6. 2010
  4. doi request reprint Age, revaccination, and tolerance effects on pneumococcal vaccination strategies in the elderly: a cost-effectiveness analysis
    Kenneth J Smith
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Vaccine 27:3159-64. 2009
  5. pmc Development and validation of hospital "end-of-life" treatment intensity measures
    Amber E Barnato
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Med Care 47:1098-105. 2009
  6. doi request reprint Economic evaluation of standing order programs for pneumococcal vaccination of hospitalized elderly patients
    Donald B Middleton
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA 15232, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:385-94. 2008
  7. pmc Gray's time-varying coefficients model for posttransplant survival of pediatric liver transplant recipients with a diagnosis of cancer
    Yi Ren
    Department of Biostatistics, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Comput Math Methods Med 2013:719389. 2013
  8. pmc Cost-effectiveness of implementing the chronic care model for diabetes care in a military population
    Shihchen Kuo
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Diabetes Sci Technol 5:501-13. 2011
  9. pmc Use of dynamic microsimulation to predict disease progression in patients with pneumonia-related sepsis
    Gorkem Saka
    Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, 3700 Ohara St, 3700 Benedum Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Crit Care 11:R65. 2007
  10. pmc Is survival better at hospitals with higher "end-of-life" treatment intensity?
    Amber E Barnato
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Med Care 48:125-32. 2010

Detail Information

Publications75

  1. ncbi request reprint Survival after liver transplantation in the United States: a disease-specific analysis of the UNOS database
    Mark S Roberts
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, Division of General Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Center for Research on Health Care, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Liver Transpl 10:886-97. 2004
    ..However, a significant portion of the difference in survival between diseases arises from differences in clinical characteristics at the time of transplantation...
  2. pmc Short-term mortality in acute pulmonary embolism: clot burden and signs of right heart dysfunction at CT pulmonary angiography
    Alessandro Furlan
    Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 200 Lothrop St, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Radiology 265:283-93. 2012
    ....
  3. pmc Cost-effectiveness of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine among healthcare workers during an influenza pandemic
    Kenneth J Smith
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Manag Care 16:200-6. 2010
    ..To assess the usefulness and cost-effectiveness of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) among healthcare workers compared with nonuse of PPV during an influenza pandemic...
  4. doi request reprint Age, revaccination, and tolerance effects on pneumococcal vaccination strategies in the elderly: a cost-effectiveness analysis
    Kenneth J Smith
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Vaccine 27:3159-64. 2009
    ..Revaccination strategies for the elderly are less cost-effective, particularly when prior vaccination and vaccine tolerance are considered...
  5. pmc Development and validation of hospital "end-of-life" treatment intensity measures
    Amber E Barnato
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Med Care 47:1098-105. 2009
    ..Health care utilization among decedents is increasingly used as a measure of health care efficiency, but decedent-based measures may be biased estimates of care received by "dying" patients...
  6. doi request reprint Economic evaluation of standing order programs for pneumococcal vaccination of hospitalized elderly patients
    Donald B Middleton
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA 15232, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:385-94. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of SOPs for pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) vaccination for patients 65 years of age or older in 2 types of hospital...
  7. pmc Gray's time-varying coefficients model for posttransplant survival of pediatric liver transplant recipients with a diagnosis of cancer
    Yi Ren
    Department of Biostatistics, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Comput Math Methods Med 2013:719389. 2013
    ..While the Cox PH model provided reasonable average results in estimating covariate effects on posttransplant survival, the Gray model using piecewise constant penalized splines showed more details of how those effects change over time...
  8. pmc Cost-effectiveness of implementing the chronic care model for diabetes care in a military population
    Shihchen Kuo
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Diabetes Sci Technol 5:501-13. 2011
    ..The CCM was implemented at U.S. Air Force Wilford Hall Medical Center through the Diabetes Outreach Clinic (DOC) in 2006, but its cost-effectiveness in this setting is unknown...
  9. pmc Use of dynamic microsimulation to predict disease progression in patients with pneumonia-related sepsis
    Gorkem Saka
    Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, 3700 Ohara St, 3700 Benedum Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Crit Care 11:R65. 2007
    ....
  10. pmc Is survival better at hospitals with higher "end-of-life" treatment intensity?
    Amber E Barnato
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Med Care 48:125-32. 2010
    ..Concern regarding wide variations in spending and intensive care unit use for patients at the end of life hinges on the assumption that such treatment offers little or no survival benefit...
  11. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of alternative outpatient pelvic inflammatory disease treatment strategies
    Kenneth J Smith
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:960-6. 2007
    ..Effectiveness differences between outpatient pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) treatment regimens are uncertain, but significant differences in cost exist...
  12. pmc Cost-effectiveness of different screening strategies for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women
    Smita Nayak
    University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Ann Intern Med 155:751-61. 2011
    ..The best strategies to screen postmenopausal women for osteoporosis are not clear...
  13. pmc Cost-effectiveness analysis of efforts to reduce risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in southwestern Pennsylvania, 2005-2007
    Kenneth J Smith
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 7:A109. 2010
    ..We assessed the cost-effectiveness of a community-based, modified Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) designed to reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease...
  14. ncbi request reprint Time from sexually transmitted infection acquisition to pelvic inflammatory disease development: influence on the cost-effectiveness of different screening intervals
    Kenneth J Smith
    School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Value Health 10:358-66. 2007
    ..Nevertheless, the time from STI acquisition to PID development, possibly an important factor to consider in screening interval choice, is unknown and its influence on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of screening is unclear...
  15. pmc Factors associated with osteoporosis screening and recommendations for osteoporosis screening in older adults
    Smita Nayak
    School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:585-91. 2009
    ..Osteoporosis screening rates are low, and it is unclear which patient factors are associated with screening and physician recommendations for screening...
  16. doi request reprint Alternative strategies for adult pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination: a cost-effectiveness analysis
    Kenneth J Smith
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States
    Vaccine 26:1420-31. 2008
    ..PPV at ages 50/65 may be clinically and, depending on cost-effectiveness criterion used, economically favored over present vaccination recommendations...
  17. ncbi request reprint Quality of life utilities for pelvic inflammatory disease health states
    Kenneth J Smith
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:307-11. 2008
    ..Utilities for PID could have important implications on the cost-effectiveness of interventions to prevent and manage this disease...
  18. pmc Impact of generic alendronate cost on the cost-effectiveness of osteoporosis screening and treatment
    Smita Nayak
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e32879. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of alendronate cost on the cost-effectiveness of osteoporosis screening and treatment in postmenopausal women...
  19. pmc Osteoporosis screening preferences of older adults
    Smita Nayak
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Clin Densitom 12:279-86. 2009
    ..Many older individuals would prefer the "best" test for osteoporosis screening, and may be willing to travel or pay more to obtain a better test...
  20. pmc Inflammatory markers at hospital discharge predict subsequent mortality after pneumonia and sepsis
    Sachin Yende
    The Clinical Research, Investigation, and Systems Modeling of Acute Illness CRISMA Laboratory, Department of Critical Care Medicine, Graduate School of Pubic Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 177:1242-7. 2008
    ..Survivors of hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are at increased risk of cardiovascular events, repeat infections, and death in the following months but the cause is unknown...
  21. doi request reprint Using mechanistic models to simulate comparative effectiveness trials of therapy and to estimate long-term outcomes in HIV care
    Mark S Roberts
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Med Care 48:S90-5. 2010
    ..Mechanistic models of HIV infection can be used to conduct virtual therapeutic trials with the goal of predicting outcomes, some of which are long-term and may not fall within the time frame of a typical therapeutic trial...
  22. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of newer treatment strategies for influenza
    Kenneth J Smith
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, Division of General Internal Medicine, and the Center for Research on Health Care, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Am J Med 113:300-7. 2002
    ..Recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of influenza, such as rapid testing and neuraminidase inhibitor therapy, are available, but their place in clinical practice and their cost-effectiveness have not been determined...
  23. ncbi request reprint Expectations of groups versus pairs of attendings and residents about phone communications and bedside evaluation of hospitalized patients
    Gary Tabas
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15232, USA
    Teach Learn Med 17:217-27. 2005
    ..Residents covering attendings' patients must decide when to call the attending and when to evaluate patients at the bedside for new clinical events. Conflicts arise when residents and attendings disagree about these decisions...
  24. ncbi request reprint Health utility ratings for a spectrum of alcohol-related health states
    Kevin L Kraemer
    Center for Research on Health Care, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Med Care 43:541-50. 2005
    ..Preference-based utility ratings for health conditions are important components of cost-utility analyses and population burden of disease estimates. However, utility ratings for alcohol problems have not been determined...
  25. pmc The effect of pulmonary artery catheter use on costs and long-term outcomes of acute lung injury
    Gilles Clermont
    Clinical Research, Investigation, and Systems Modeling of Acute Illness Center, Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e22512. 2011
    ..central venous catheter (CVC). We explored if use of the PAC in ALI is justified by a beneficial cost-effectiveness profile...
  26. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular disease risk prediction in type 1 diabetes: accounting for the differences
    Kristine Ruppert
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA, United States
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 78:234-7. 2007
    ..005), non-HDLc (p=0.0005), WHR (p=0.003), and estimated glucose disposal rate (p=0.002) were associated. Risk factors not considered by the Framingham risk equation may account for the lack of fit and should be examined further...
  27. ncbi request reprint Economics of nerve block pain management after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: potential hospital cost savings via associated postanesthesia care unit bypass and same-day discharge
    Brian A Williams
    Same Day Surgical Services, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pennsylvania 15203, USA
    Anesthesiology 100:697-706. 2004
    ..In this study, the authors examine the associations of nerve block analgesia for these patients and its associated reductions in PACU use, hospital admission, and hospital costs...
  28. ncbi request reprint Procuring organ donors as a health investment: how much should we be willing to spend?
    John Mendeloff
    Graduate School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Transplantation 78:1704-10. 2004
    ..Our objective was not only to see whether organ procurement is a "good" health investment, but also to clarify how much it is worth spending to obtain additional donors...
  29. ncbi request reprint Long-term HIV/AIDS survival estimation in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era
    Joseph T King
    Section of Neurosurgery, Surgical Service Line, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Med Decis Making 23:9-20. 2003
    ..The authors construct a computer simulation model based on observational data to estimate long-term survival in a cohort of HIV/AIDS patients undergoing treatment with HAART...
  30. ncbi request reprint Causal system modeling in chronic disease epidemiology: a proposal
    Roberta B Ness
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:564-8. 2007
    ..In all of these ways, they have the capability to advance the science of epidemiology...
  31. ncbi request reprint Differences in access to liver transplantation: disease severity, waiting time, and transplantation center volume
    Jawad Ahmad
    Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System and University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Ann Intern Med 146:707-13. 2007
    ..Allocation based on MELD scores should ensure that sicker patients receive transplants first regardless of transplantation center volume...
  32. ncbi request reprint Hospitalization for pelvic inflammatory disease: a cost-effectiveness analysis
    Kenneth J Smith
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:108-12. 2007
    ..Nulliparous women are frequently hospitalized for treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)...
  33. ncbi request reprint Sequential medication strategies for postherpetic neuralgia: a cost-effectiveness analysis
    Kenneth J Smith
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    J Pain 8:396-404. 2007
    ..Our analysis supports the suggested treatment algorithm, with cost-effectiveness ratios within acceptable ranges for medications given sequentially, based on literature-based estimates of effectiveness and tolerability...
  34. pmc The Effect of Race, Sex, and Insurance Status on Time-to-Listing Decisions for Liver Transplantation
    Cindy L Bryce
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Transplant 2010:467976. 2010
    ..The early time period from diagnosis to listing for liver transplantation reveals unwanted variation related to demographics that jeopardizes overall fairness of organ allocation and needs to be further explored...
  35. doi request reprint Electronic reminders to patients within an interactive patient health record
    Gary S Fischer
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Telemed J E Health 19:497-500. 2013
    ..After 2 months, the cycle of reminders begins again. This system, which is feasible and economical to build, has the potential to improve care and compliance with quality measures...
  36. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of inhaled nitric oxide in the treatment of neonatal respiratory failure in the United States
    Derek C Angus
    Clinical Research, Investigation, and Systems Modeling of Acute Illness CRISMA Laboratory, Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Pediatrics 112:1351-60. 2003
    ..Our objective was to estimate the cost-effectiveness ratio of iNO in this population...
  37. pmc Virtual epidemic in a virtual city: simulating the spread of influenza in a US metropolitan area
    Bruce Y Lee
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Transl Res 151:275-87. 2008
    ..Our simulation may serve as a virtual laboratory to better understand the way different factors and interventions affect the spread of influenza...
  38. ncbi request reprint Simulation and critical care modeling
    Jennifer E Kreke
    Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Curr Opin Crit Care 10:395-8. 2004
    ..Standard modeling techniques such as decision trees and statistical modeling have difficulty in capturing these interactions as the complexity of the problem increases...
  39. doi request reprint Accuracy and reproducibility of blood clot burden quantification with pulmonary CT angiography
    Alessandro Furlan
    Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, PA 15213, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 196:516-23. 2011
    ..The purpose of our study was to assess the accuracy and reproducibility of clot burden quantification with pulmonary CT angiography (CTA)...
  40. ncbi request reprint Teaching medical decision modeling: a qualitative description of student errors and curriculum responses
    Kenneth J Smith
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Med Decis Making 26:583-8. 2006
    ..Novice medical decision modelers are prone to errors. The purpose of this article is to describe the common errors committed by decision modeling students and the changes made to a structured decision modeling project course in response...
  41. ncbi request reprint Preference-based quality of life measurement in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy
    Joseph T King
    Section of Neurosurgery, Surgical Service Line, Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:1271-80. 2004
    ..Prospective cross-sectional observational cohort study...
  42. ncbi request reprint Quality of life assessment with the medical outcomes study short form-36 among patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy
    Joseph T King
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Neurosurgery 52:113-20; discussion 121. 2003
    ..We used Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36), a generic quality of life outcome-assessment instrument, to assess the quality of life among patients with CSM...
  43. pmc Influence of alternative thresholds for initiating HIV treatment on quality-adjusted life expectancy: a decision model
    R Scott Braithwaite
    Yale University and Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut 06516, USA
    Ann Intern Med 148:178-85. 2008
    ..The optimal threshold for initiating HIV treatment is unclear...
  44. ncbi request reprint Health status versus utilities of patients with end-stage liver disease
    Cindy L Bryce
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Qual Life Res 13:773-82. 2004
    ..The two approaches have never been compared in terms of the values they assign to health prior to liver transplantation...
  45. pmc Potential value of regionalized intensive care for mechanically ventilated medical patients
    Jeremy M Kahn
    Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 723 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 177:285-91. 2008
    ..Regionalization has been proposed as a method to improve outcomes for medical patients receiving mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit...
  46. doi request reprint What does the value of modern medicine say about the $50,000 per quality-adjusted life-year decision rule?
    R Scott Braithwaite
    Department of Medicine, Section of General Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Med Care 46:349-56. 2008
    ..However, many investigators have questioned the scientific basis of this rule, and it has not been updated...
  47. ncbi request reprint A clinically based discrete-event simulation of end-stage liver disease and the organ allocation process
    Steven M Shechter
    Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:199-209. 2005
    ..The objective of this article was to design a biologically based discrete-event simulation to test proposed changes in allocation policies...
  48. ncbi request reprint Estimating the proportion of patients infected with HIV who will die of comorbid diseases
    R Scott Braithwaite
    VAMC New Haven and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn, USA
    Am J Med 118:890-8. 2005
    ..Effective antiretroviral therapies have improved the prognosis for patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We aimed to estimate the likelihood that HIV-infected patients would die of comorbid disease...
  49. ncbi request reprint Multimodal assessment after surgery for cervical spondylotic myelopathy
    Joseph T King
    Section of Neurosurgery, Veterans Administration Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven Connecticut 06516, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 2:526-34. 2005
    ..In the present study the authors used three types of outcomes instruments to assess the results of CSM surgery...
  50. ncbi request reprint Oral anticoagulation strategies after a first idiopathic venous thromboembolic event
    Drahomir Aujesky
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Med 118:625-35. 2005
    ..We used decision analysis to evaluate clinical and economic outcomes of different anticoagulation strategies with warfarin...
  51. ncbi request reprint Deficiencies of cardiovascular risk prediction models for type 1 diabetes
    Janice C Zgibor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:1860-5. 2006
    ..Therefore, our objective was to examine the accuracy of Framingham and UKPDS models for predicting coronary heart disease (CHD) in a type 1 diabetic cohort...
  52. ncbi request reprint The short form-12 and the measurement of health status in patients with cerebral aneurysms: performance, validity, and reliability
    Joseph T King
    Section of Neurosurgery, Veterans Administration Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut 06516, USA
    J Neurosurg 102:489-94. 2005
    ..The authors assessed the performance, validity, and reliability of the Short Form-12 (SF-12), a self-administered written survey instrument, to assess health status in patients with cerebral aneurysms...
  53. ncbi request reprint Cognitive functioning in patients with cerebral aneurysms measured with the mini mental state examination and the telephone interview for cognitive status
    Joseph T King
    Section of Neurosurgery, Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut 06516, USA
    Neurosurgery 59:803-10; discussion 810-1. 2006
    ..MMSE and TICS scores are often dichotomized to classify patients as cognitively impaired or not. Frequently, after an initial MMSE face-to-face evaluation, the TICS is used for follow-up assessments by telephone...
  54. ncbi request reprint Cervical spondylotic myelopathy, depression, and anxiety: a cohort analysis of 89 patients
    Michael R Stoffman
    Department of Neurosurgery, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Neurosurgery 57:307-13; discussion 307-13. 2005
    ..To examine the relation between mood and functional deficits produced by CSM...
  55. pmc Incorporating quality of evidence into decision analytic modeling
    R Scott Braithwaite
    Yale University School of Medicine and Connecticut Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, New Haven, Connecticut 06516, USA
    Ann Intern Med 146:133-41. 2007
    ..We conclude that the results of decision modeling may vary dramatically depending on the stringency of the criteria for selecting evidence to use in the model...
  56. ncbi request reprint Depressive symptoms and subsequent alcohol use and problems: a prospective study of medical inpatients with unhealthy alcohol use
    Tibor P Palfai
    Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Sciences, Boston University, 648 Beacon Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:673-80. 2007
    ..We sought to determine whether depressive symptoms assessed during hospitalization predicted alcohol use and alcohol-related problems during the subsequent year among medically ill patients...
  57. ncbi request reprint Preference-based quality of life in patients with cerebral aneurysms
    Joseph T King
    Section of Neurosurgery, VA Connecticut Healthcare System 112 950 Campbell Ave, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    Stroke 36:303-9. 2005
    ..An additional advantage of preference-based QOL values is that they can be incorporated into decision analyses and cost-effectiveness analyses...
  58. ncbi request reprint Positive association between current health and health values for hypothetical disease states
    Joseph T King
    Section of Neurosurgery, Acute Care Service Line, Surgical Service 112, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, 950 Campbell Avenue, West Haven 06516, USA
    Med Decis Making 24:367-78. 2004
    ..Valuations of hypothetical health state scenarios can be affected by participant characteristics...
  59. ncbi request reprint "Perfect health" versus "disease free": the impact of anchor point choice on the measurement of preferences and the calculation of disease-specific disutilities
    Joseph T King
    Section of Neurosurgery, Surgical Service Line, Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, USA
    Med Decis Making 23:212-25. 2003
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Validity and reliability of the Short Form-36 in cervical spondylotic myelopathy
    Joseph T King
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Veteran s Administration Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Neurosurg 97:180-5. 2002
    ..In this study the authors assessed the validity and reliability of the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36), a generic outcomes instrument, in a population of patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM)...
  61. ncbi request reprint Impact of timing of initiation of dialysis on mortality
    Srinivasan Beddhu
    Renal Section, Salt Lake VA Healthcare System, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, and Division of Clinical Epidemiology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 14:2305-12. 2003
    ..Furthermore, these data do not support earlier initiation of dialysis. Therefore, for patients without clinical indications for initiation of dialysis, the appropriate GFR level for initiation of dialysis is unknown...
  62. pmc Optimizing management and financial performance of the teaching ambulatory care clinic
    James E Stahl
    Received from the Departments of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02114, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 18:266-74. 2003
    ..To examine how to optimize teaching ambulatory care clinics performance with regard to access to care, access to teaching, and financial viability...
  63. ncbi request reprint A methodological framework for optimally reorganizing liver transplant regions
    James E Stahl
    Department of Radiology and Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston 02114, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:35-46. 2005
    ..The United States is divided currently into 11 transplant regions, which vary in area and number of organ procurement organizations (OPOs). Region size affects organ travel time and organ viability at transplant...
  64. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of low-molecular-weight heparin for treatment of pulmonary embolism
    Drahomir Aujesky
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Chest 128:1601-10. 2005
    ..Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) appears to be safe and effective for treating pulmonary embolism (PE), but its cost-effectiveness has not been assessed...
  65. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of head computed tomography in infants with possible inflicted traumatic brain injury
    Kristine A Campbell
    Division of Safe and Healthy Families, Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, 295 Chipeta Way, Box 581289, Salt Lake City, UT 84158, USA
    Pediatrics 120:295-304. 2007
    ..We undertook this study to estimate the cost-effectiveness of a policy of head computed tomography (CT) for inflicted traumatic brain injury in selected infants seen in an emergency department...
  66. pmc Adherence, virological and immunological outcomes for HIV-infected veterans starting combination antiretroviral therapies
    R Scott Braithwaite
    Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Yale University, 950 Campbell Avenue, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    AIDS 21:1579-89. 2007
    ..We aimed to determine adherence, virological, and immunological outcomes one year after starting a first combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen...
  67. ncbi request reprint Estimating the rate of accumulating drug resistance mutations in the HIV genome
    R Scott Braithwaite
    Yale University School of Medicine Connecticut VA Healthcare System, 950 Campbell Avenue, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    Value Health 10:204-13. 2007
    ..Our objective is to determine the accuracy with which mutation accumulation and other unmeasured parameters could be estimated during model calibration...
  68. pmc A framework for tailoring clinical guidelines to comorbidity at the point of care
    R Scott Braithwaite
    Section of General Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, West Haven Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, VACS 11 ACSL G, 950 Campbell Ave, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:2361-5. 2007
    ..Evidence is accumulating to suggest that clinical guidelines should be modified for patients with comorbidities, yet there is no quantitative and objective approach that considers benefits together with risks...
  69. ncbi request reprint Brief intervention for medical inpatients with unhealthy alcohol use: a randomized, controlled trial
    Richard Saitz
    Boston Medical Center and Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    Ann Intern Med 146:167-76. 2007
    ..The efficacy of brief intervention in reducing alcohol consumption is well established for selected outpatients but not for medical inpatients...
  70. ncbi request reprint The value of medical spending in the United States
    R Scott Braithwaite
    N Engl J Med 355:2492; author reply 2492. 2006
  71. ncbi request reprint Increasing the efficiency of Monte Carlo cohort simulations with variance reduction techniques
    Steven M Shechter
    Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, USA
    Med Decis Making 26:550-3. 2006
    ..However, most MC cohort simulations are well suited to the implementation of these techniques. The authors discuss the cost of implementation versus the benefit of reduced replications...
  72. ncbi request reprint The cost-effectiveness of strategies to reduce mortality from an intentional release of aerosolized anthrax spores
    R Scott Braithwaite
    Section of General Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, 950 Campbell Avenue, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    Med Decis Making 26:182-93. 2006
    ..Intentional exposures to aerosolized Bacillus anthracis spores have caused fatalities...
  73. ncbi request reprint Incorporating biological natural history in simulation models: empirical estimates of the progression of end-stage liver disease
    Oguzhan Alagoz
    Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:620-32. 2005
    ....
  74. ncbi request reprint Mental health, anxiety, and depression in patients with cerebral aneurysms
    Joseph T King
    Section of Neurosurgery, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut 06516, USA
    J Neurosurg 103:636-41. 2005
    ..Aneurysm disease and its treatment can have an adverse impact on mental health, yet the affects of cerebral aneurysms on general mental health, anxiety, and depression are poorly understood...
  75. ncbi request reprint Willingness to pay for a quality-adjusted life year: implications for societal health care resource allocation
    Joseph T King
    VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:667-77. 2005
    ..Health-state preferences can be combined with willingness-to-pay (WTP) data to calculate WTP per quality-adjusted life year (QALY). The WTP/QALY ratios provide insight into societal valuations of expenditures for medical interventions...