- Why do supportive birth attendants become directive of maternal bearing-down efforts in second-stage labor?Joyce M Roberts
Nurse Midwifery Program at the University of Michigan, USA
J Midwifery Womens Health 52:134-41. 2007..This care strategy has not been previously reported. It combined direction with support in a way that was supportive rather than overriding the woman's involuntary efforts...
- The evolution of midwifery as reflected in the 2002 revisions of the ACNM's Core Competencies. American College of Nurse-MidwivesJoyce Roberts
J Midwifery Womens Health 47:301-2. 2002
- Best practices in second stage labor care: maternal bearing down and positioningJoyce Roberts
Nursing Midwifery Program, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
J Midwifery Womens Health 52:238-45. 2007....
- Changes in postpartum perineal muscle function in women with and without episiotomiesNancy Fleming
J Midwifery Womens Health 48:53-9. 2003..These observations do not support the use of episiotomy for the purpose of preserving perineal muscle function...