Brent W Roberts

Summary

Affiliation: University of Illinois
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Contextualizing personality psychology
    Brent W Roberts
    University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    J Pers 75:1071-81. 2007
  2. pmc Compensatory conscientiousness and health in older couples
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychol Sci 20:553-9. 2009
  3. pmc Sociogenomic personality psychology
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    J Pers 76:1523-44. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Predicting the counterproductive employee in a child-to-adult prospective study
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign 61820, USA
    J Appl Psychol 92:1427-36. 2007
  5. doi request reprint Conscientiousness and externalizing psychopathology: overlap, developmental patterns, and etiology of two related constructs
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 21:871-88. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Personality traits change in adulthood: reply to Costa and McCrae (2006)
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:29-32. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:1-25. 2006
  8. pmc Can an old dog learn (and want to experience) new tricks? Cognitive training increases openness to experience in older adults
    Joshua J Jackson
    Department of Psychology, Washington University in St Louis St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Psychol Aging 27:286-92. 2012
  9. pmc Not all conscientiousness scales change alike: a multimethod, multisample study of age differences in the facets of conscientiousness
    Joshua J Jackson
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 96:446-59. 2009
  10. pmc Uncovering the affective core of conscientiousness: the role of self-conscious emotions
    Jennifer V Fayard
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, 603 E Daniel St, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    J Pers 80:1-32. 2012

Detail Information

Publications37

  1. ncbi request reprint Contextualizing personality psychology
    Brent W Roberts
    University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    J Pers 75:1071-81. 2007
    ..In this introductory essay, I describe the potential advantages of integrating traditional concepts in personality psychology with social roles and provide an overview of the contributions made to the special issue...
  2. pmc Compensatory conscientiousness and health in older couples
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychol Sci 20:553-9. 2009
    ..Finally, we found that the combination of high conscientiousness and high neuroticism was also compensatory, such that the wives of men with this combination of personality traits reported better health than other women...
  3. pmc Sociogenomic personality psychology
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    J Pers 76:1523-44. 2008
    ..We end the article with a discussion of the future directions of sociogenomic personality psychology...
  4. ncbi request reprint Predicting the counterproductive employee in a child-to-adult prospective study
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign 61820, USA
    J Appl Psychol 92:1427-36. 2007
    ..Job conditions and personality traits had independent effects on counterproductive work behaviors, above and beyond background factors...
  5. doi request reprint Conscientiousness and externalizing psychopathology: overlap, developmental patterns, and etiology of two related constructs
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 21:871-88. 2009
    ..Last, future directions are discussed...
  6. ncbi request reprint Personality traits change in adulthood: reply to Costa and McCrae (2006)
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:29-32. 2006
    ..Finally, the authors point out why the differences between their position and Costa and McCrae's are important...
  7. ncbi request reprint Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:1-25. 2006
    ..Of the 6 trait categories, 4 demonstrated significant change in middle and old age. Gender and attrition had minimal effects on change, whereas longer studies and studies based on younger cohorts showed greater change...
  8. pmc Can an old dog learn (and want to experience) new tricks? Cognitive training increases openness to experience in older adults
    Joshua J Jackson
    Department of Psychology, Washington University in St Louis St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Psychol Aging 27:286-92. 2012
    ..The study is one of the first to demonstrate that personality traits can change through nonpsychopharmocological interventions...
  9. pmc Not all conscientiousness scales change alike: a multimethod, multisample study of age differences in the facets of conscientiousness
    Joshua J Jackson
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 96:446-59. 2009
    ..In contrast, age differences in observer-rated personality occurred mainly in older adulthood. Age differences held across both ethnicity and levels of socioeconomic status...
  10. pmc Uncovering the affective core of conscientiousness: the role of self-conscious emotions
    Jennifer V Fayard
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, 603 E Daniel St, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    J Pers 80:1-32. 2012
    ..These studies showed that Conscientiousness is primarily related to guilt and highlighted the importance of examining the emotional substrate of Conscientiousness...
  11. pmc Narrating personality change
    Jennifer Lodi-Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, IL, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 96:679-89. 2009
    ..These findings improve our understanding of how individuals conceptualize their changing identity over time...
  12. ncbi request reprint Do people know how their personality has changed? Correlates of perceived and actual personality change in young adulthood
    Richard W Robins
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Pers 73:489-522. 2005
    ..Perceived and actual change showed theoretically meaningful correlations with a host of variables related to different aspects of college achievement and adjustment...
  13. ncbi request reprint Work experiences and personality development in young adulthood
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61820, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 84:582-93. 2003
    ..The relevance of the findings to theories of personality development is discussed...
  14. ncbi request reprint Low self-esteem prospectively predicts depression in adolescence and young adulthood
    Ulrich Orth
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 95:695-708. 2008
    ..Thus, the results supported the vulnerability model, but not the scar model, of self-esteem and depression...
  15. ncbi request reprint A longitudinal study of the relationships between conscientiousness and the social-environmental factors and substance-use behaviors that influence health
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 603 East Daniel Street, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    J Pers 72:325-54. 2004
    ..The implications for personality, health, and personality development are discussed...
  16. pmc Conscientiousness and longevity: an examination of possible mediators
    Patrick L Hill
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
    Health Psychol 30:536-41. 2011
    ..However, it remains an open question as to why this link with longevity occurs. The current study tested two possible mediators (physical health and cognitive functioning) of the link between conscientiousness and longevity...
  17. ncbi request reprint Becoming the Harvard man: person-environment fit, personality development, and academic success
    P D Harms
    University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:851-65. 2006
    ..The implications of the findings for personality development and the relationship of PE fit to successful outcomes are discussed...
  18. pmc Genes, environments, personality, and successful aging: toward a comprehensive developmental model in later life
    Nicholas R Eaton
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 67:480-8. 2012
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Person-Environment Fit and its implications for personality development: a longitudinal study
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    J Pers 72:89-110. 2004
    ..The implications of the findings for personality development are discussed...
  20. pmc A gradient of childhood self-control predicts health, wealth, and public safety
    Terrie E Moffitt
    Department of Psychology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:2693-8. 2011
    ..Interventions addressing self-control might reduce a panoply of societal costs, save taxpayers money, and promote prosperity...
  21. pmc Capturing abnormal personality with normal personality inventories: an item response theory approach
    Kate E Walton
    Department of Psychology, St John s University, 8000 Utopia Parkway, Jamaica, NY11439, USA
    J Pers 76:1623-48. 2008
    ..Moreover, both types of inventories were limited in terms of measurement bandwidth, such that they did not provide information across the entire latent trait continuum. Implications and future directions are discussed...
  22. pmc The case for conscientiousness: evidence and implications for a personality trait marker of health and longevity
    Tim Bogg
    Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, 5057 Woodward Ave, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Ann Behav Med 45:278-88. 2013
    ....
  23. pmc Concurrent and prospective relationships between social engagement and personality traits in older adulthood
    Jennifer Lodi-Smith
    Department of Psychology, Canisius College, Buffalo, NY, USA
    Psychol Aging 27:720-7. 2012
    ..These patterns suggest that personality traits can both inform our understanding of engagement during older adulthood and that personality traits may be meaningful outcomes of the aging experience in their own right...
  24. ncbi request reprint The effect of age and role information on expectations for big five personality traits
    Dustin Wood
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, 603 East Daniel Street, Champaign, IL 61829, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:1482-96. 2006
    ..The implications for understanding the interplay of expectations and personality trait development are discussed...
  25. ncbi request reprint Cross-sectional and longitudinal tests of the Personality and Role Identity Structural Model (PRISM)
    Dustin Wood
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, 61820, USA
    J Pers 74:779-809. 2006
    ..The potential of PRISM for use in understanding the development of personality traits is discussed...
  26. pmc The role of adherence in the relationship between conscientiousness and perceived health
    Patrick L Hill
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820 USA
    Health Psychol 30:797-804. 2011
    ..Moreover, we examined whether these effects differed for adhering to doctor's orders (doctor adherence) versus adhering to medication regimens (medication adherence), as the latter is likely more relevant for older adults' health...
  27. pmc Memory self-efficacy predicts responsiveness to inductive reasoning training in older adults
    Brennan R Payne
    Department of Educational Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820 6990, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 67:27-35. 2012
    ..In the current study, we assessed the relationship between memory self-efficacy at pretest and responsiveness to inductive reasoning training in a sample of older adults...
  28. doi request reprint Social investment and personality: a meta-analysis of the relationship of personality traits to investment in work, family, religion, and volunteerism
    Jennifer Lodi-Smith
    University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 11:68-86. 2007
    ..These findings are more robust when individuals are psychologically committed to rather than simply demographically associated with the investment role...
  29. ncbi request reprint Personality development and growth in women across 30 years: three perspectives
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign 61820, USA
    J Pers 70:79-102. 2002
    ..The implications of the findings for personality development and growth are discussed...
  30. ncbi request reprint Goal and personality trait development in emerging adulthood
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 87:541-50. 2004
    ..These findings provide insights into the relatively unstudied question of how life goals change during emerging adulthood...
  31. ncbi request reprint On traits, situations, and their integration: a developmental perspective
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 8:402-16. 2004
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint What is conscientiousness and how can it be assessed?
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
    Dev Psychol 50:1315-30. 2014
    ..We believe this article can serve an important role in the larger goal of better understanding conscientiousness and its core role in the health of our society...
  33. ncbi request reprint The stability of vocational interests from early adolescence to middle adulthood: a quantitative review of longitudinal studies
    K S Douglas Low
    Department of Educational Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychol Bull 131:713-37. 2005
    ..The findings are discussed in the context of psychosocial development...
  34. ncbi request reprint Conscientiousness and health-related behaviors: a meta-analysis of the leading behavioral contributors to mortality
    Tim Bogg
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychol Bull 130:887-919. 2004
    ..This study demonstrates the importance of conscientiousness' contribution to the health process through its relationship to health-related behaviors...
  35. ncbi request reprint Patterns of continuity: a dynamic model for conceptualizing the stability of individual differences in psychological constructs across the life course
    R Chris Fraley
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Psychol Rev 112:60-74. 2005
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Personality development: stability and change
    Avshalom Caspi
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Center, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, England SE5 8AF, UK
    Annu Rev Psychol 56:453-84. 2005
    ..In each of these four areas, we note gaps and identify priorities for further research...
  37. ncbi request reprint Constructing personality scales under the assumptions of an ideal point response process: toward increasing the flexibility of personality measures
    Oleksandr S Chernyshenko
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Psychol Assess 19:88-106. 2007
    ..Results show that adoption of the ideal point approach provided a more flexible platform for creating future personality measures, and this transition did not adversely affect the validity of personality test scores...