JAMES PROCHASKA

Summary

Affiliation: University of Rhode Island
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint A randomized clinical trial of a population- and transtheoretical model-based stress-management intervention
    Kerry E Evers
    Pro Change Behavior Systems, West Kingston, Rhode Island 02892, USA
    Health Psychol 25:521-9. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Counselor and stimulus control enhancements of a stage-matched expert system intervention for smokers in a managed care setting
    J O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881 0808, USA
    Prev Med 32:23-32. 2001
  3. ncbi request reprint Moving beyond the transtheoretical model
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, 2 Chafee Road, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Addiction 101:768-74; author reply 774-8. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Is social cognitive theory becoming a transtheoretical model? A comment on Dijkstra et al. (2006)
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, USA
    Addiction 101:916-7. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Health behavior change research: a consortium approach to collaborative science
    James O Prochaska
    University of Rhode Island, Cancer Prevention Research Center, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Ann Behav Med 29:4-6. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Stage-based expert systems to guide a population of primary care patients to quit smoking, eat healthier, prevent skin cancer, and receive regular mammograms
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Prev Med 41:406-16. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Efficacy and effectiveness trials: examples from smoking cessation and bullying prevention
    James O Prochaska
    University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    J Health Psychol 12:170-8. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Multiple risk expert systems interventions: impact of simultaneous stage-matched expert system interventions for smoking, high-fat diet, and sun exposure in a population of parents
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881 0808, USA
    Health Psychol 23:503-16. 2004
  9. pmc Integrating population smoking cessation policies and programs
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Public Health Rep 119:244-52. 2004
  10. ncbi request reprint Size, consistency, and stability of stage effects for smoking cessation
    James O Prochaska
    University of Rhode Island, 2 Chafee Road, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Addict Behav 29:207-13. 2004

Detail Information

Publications46

  1. ncbi request reprint A randomized clinical trial of a population- and transtheoretical model-based stress-management intervention
    Kerry E Evers
    Pro Change Behavior Systems, West Kingston, Rhode Island 02892, USA
    Health Psychol 25:521-9. 2006
    ..Results provide evidence for the effectiveness of this TTM population-based stress-management intervention...
  2. ncbi request reprint Counselor and stimulus control enhancements of a stage-matched expert system intervention for smokers in a managed care setting
    J O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881 0808, USA
    Prev Med 32:23-32. 2001
    ..Enhancing the expert system by adding proactive telephone counseling or a stimulus control computer designed to produce nicotine fading could produce preventive programs with greater population impacts...
  3. ncbi request reprint Moving beyond the transtheoretical model
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, 2 Chafee Road, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Addiction 101:768-74; author reply 774-8. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Is social cognitive theory becoming a transtheoretical model? A comment on Dijkstra et al. (2006)
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, USA
    Addiction 101:916-7. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Health behavior change research: a consortium approach to collaborative science
    James O Prochaska
    University of Rhode Island, Cancer Prevention Research Center, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Ann Behav Med 29:4-6. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Stage-based expert systems to guide a population of primary care patients to quit smoking, eat healthier, prevent skin cancer, and receive regular mammograms
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Prev Med 41:406-16. 2005
    ..This study extended that research to a more representative population of patients from primary care practice and to targeting of four rather than three behaviors...
  7. ncbi request reprint Efficacy and effectiveness trials: examples from smoking cessation and bullying prevention
    James O Prochaska
    University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    J Health Psychol 12:170-8. 2007
    ..In spite of considerable noise the effectiveness trials produced robust results (odds ratios of about four) that bode well for population impacts under real-world dissemination...
  8. ncbi request reprint Multiple risk expert systems interventions: impact of simultaneous stage-matched expert system interventions for smoking, high-fat diet, and sun exposure in a population of parents
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881 0808, USA
    Health Psychol 23:503-16. 2004
    ..26%), and 30% for sun exposure (vs. 22%). Proactive, home-based, and stage-matched expert systems can produce significant multiple behavior changes in at-risk populations where the majority of participants are not prepared to change...
  9. pmc Integrating population smoking cessation policies and programs
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Public Health Rep 119:244-52. 2004
  10. ncbi request reprint Size, consistency, and stability of stage effects for smoking cessation
    James O Prochaska
    University of Rhode Island, 2 Chafee Road, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Addict Behav 29:207-13. 2004
    ..Interventions that help populations progress two stages could produce 300% more abstinence. The results also support the importance of replicating the stage effects across treatment conditions and over time...
  11. pmc Initial efficacy of MI, TTM tailoring and HRI's with multiple behaviors for employee health promotion
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, 2 Chafee Road, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Prev Med 46:226-31. 2008
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Decision making in the transtheoretical model of behavior change
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Med Decis Making 28:845-9. 2008
    ..Implications of these patterns of relationships are discussed in the context of helping patients make more effective decisions to decrease health risk behaviors and increase health-enhancing behaviors...
  13. doi request reprint Multiple Health Behavior Research represents the future of preventive medicine
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, 2 Chafee Road, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Prev Med 46:281-5. 2008
    ..More inclusive research to support more inclusive practices can hopefully lead to more inclusive care...
  14. pmc Transtheoretical principles and processes for quitting smoking: a 24-month comparison of a representative sample of quitters, relapsers, and non-quitters
    Xiaowa Sun
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, 2 Chafee Road, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Addict Behav 32:2707-26. 2007
    ..In general, the relapsers ended up working harder but not smarter than the successful quitters. The pattern of use of change processes in the treatment and control groups were remarkably similar, suggesting common pathways to change...
  15. ncbi request reprint Replication of subtypes for smoking cessation within the precontemplation stage of change
    Milena D Anatchkova
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, 2 Chafee Road, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881 0808, USA
    Addict Behav 31:1101-15. 2006
    ..05) and the smoking behavior variables (p<.001) in all samples. The cluster patterns closely replicate earlier findings and provide evidence for the existence of clusters subtypes within the Precontemplation stage of change...
  16. ncbi request reprint Replication of subtypes for smoking cessation within the Preparation stage of change
    Milena D Anatchkova
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston 02881 0808, USA
    Addict Behav 31:359-66. 2006
    ..Identification of stable cluster subtypes would permit the development of tailored interventions focusing on these subtypes...
  17. ncbi request reprint Demographic variables, smoking variables, and outcome across five studies
    Wayne F Velicer
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Health Psychol 26:278-87. 2007
    ..Previous research on these 2 sets of variables has produced mixed results...
  18. ncbi request reprint Identifying cluster subtypes for the prevention of adolescent smoking acquisition
    Wayne F Velicer
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, 2 Chafee Rd, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Addict Behav 32:228-47. 2007
    ..Tailored interventions can focus on those adolescents at highest risk and limit or avoid expending resources on those at very low risk...
  19. ncbi request reprint Evaluating nicotine replacement therapy and stage-based therapies in a population-based effectiveness trial
    Wayne F Velicer
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 74:1162-72. 2006
    ..9%. Stage-matched manuals provided cessation rates comparable with previous studies. The addition of NRT, expert system interventions, and automated telephone counseling failed to produce a further increase in intervention effectiveness...
  20. pmc Common factors predicting long-term changes in multiple health behaviors
    Bryan Blissmer
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    J Health Psychol 15:205-14. 2010
    ..Behavior changes were not consistently related to static demographic variables. Future intervention research can target the four effects to determine if breakthroughs can be produced in changing single and multiple behaviors...
  21. ncbi request reprint Tailored communications for smoking cessation: past successes and future directions
    Wayne F Velicer
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston 02881 0808, USA
    Drug Alcohol Rev 25:49-57. 2006
    ..g. diet and sun protection) were treated in the population. These results point to a future in which health behaviour risk interventions will be assessed not solely by their efficacy but by their population impact...
  22. ncbi request reprint Psychometric evaluation of the smoking cessation Processes of Change scale in an adolescent sample
    Bettina B Hoeppner
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, 2 Chafee Road, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881 0808, USA
    Addict Behav 31:1363-72. 2006
    ..The processes of change help guide researchers, clinicians, and intervention program developers towards effective strategies to assist individuals at all stages of change progress towards healthier behaviors...
  23. ncbi request reprint Replication of subtypes for smoking cessation within the contemplation stage of change
    Milena D Anatchkova
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, 2 Chafee Rd, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881 0808, USA
    Addict Behav 30:915-27. 2005
    ..This study attempts to replicate cluster subtypes within the Contemplation stage of change in a secondary analysis of data from a sample of current smokers (N=3967)...
  24. ncbi request reprint Comparing participants and nonparticipants recruited for an effectiveness study of nicotine replacement therapy
    Wayne F Velicer
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Ann Behav Med 29:181-91. 2005
    ..However, to have an impact on smoking rates in a general population, the intervention should also be evaluated with proactively recruited representative samples (effectiveness trials)...
  25. ncbi request reprint A comparison of four self-report smoking cessation outcome measures
    Wayne F Velicer
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, 2 Chafee Road, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Addict Behav 29:51-60. 2004
    ..82. For practical purposes, the first three measures will result in the same conclusions when used as outcome measures in smoking cessation studies...
  26. ncbi request reprint Staging: a revolution in helping people change
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, R I, USA
    Manag Care 12:6-9. 2003
  27. ncbi request reprint Acceptability of a stage-matched expert system intervention for domestic violence offenders
    Deborah A Levesque
    Pro Change Behavior Systems, Inc, Kingston, Rhode Island 02892, USA
    Violence Vict 23:432-45. 2008
    ..Findings provide encouraging evidence of the acceptability of this stage-matched approach to intervention for domestic violence offenders...
  28. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of a transtheoretical model-based expert system for antihypertensive adherence
    Sara S Johnson
    Pro Change Behavior Systems, Inc, Kingston, Rhode Island, USA
    Dis Manag 9:291-301. 2006
    ..TTM-based expert system interventions have the potential for a significant impact on entire populations of individuals who fail to adhere, regardless of their readiness to change...
  29. ncbi request reprint Factorial invariance and internal consistency for the decisional balance inventory--short form
    Rose Marie Ward
    Psychology Department, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
    Addict Behav 29:953-8. 2004
    ..The results indicated that the decisional balance inventory demonstrated strong factorial invariance across the four demographic variables and across assessments...
  30. ncbi request reprint Assessment of the pros and cons of stress management among adolescents: development and validation of a decisional balance measure
    Leanne M Mauriello
    Pro Change Behavior Systems, P O Box 755 West Kingston, RI 02892, USA
    Am J Health Promot 22:140-3. 2007
    ..This article reports on the development of a decisional balance measure based on the transtheoretical model (TTM) for stress management among adolescents...
  31. pmc Transtheoretical model-based multiple behavior intervention for weight management: effectiveness on a population basis
    Sara S Johnson
    Pro Change Behavior Systems, Inc, USA
    Prev Med 46:238-46. 2008
    ..The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) offers a promising theoretical framework for multiple behavior weight management interventions...
  32. ncbi request reprint Prevention profiles: Understanding youth who do not use substances
    Janet L Johnson
    Pro Change Behavior Systems, Inc, P O Box 755, West Kingston, RI 02892, USA
    Addict Behav 31:1593-606. 2006
    ..Implications for developing prevention programs are also discussed...
  33. ncbi request reprint Stages of change for healthy eating in diabetes: relation to demographic, eating-related, health care utilization, and psychosocial factors
    Michael Vallis
    Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre and Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Diabetes Care 26:1468-74. 2003
    ..To identify diabetes-related characteristics of individuals at different stages of readiness to change to healthy, low-fat eating...
  34. pmc Computer-mediated intervention tailored on transtheoretical model stages and processes of change increases fruit and vegetable consumption among urban African-American adolescents
    Jennifer Di Noia
    Columbia University School of Social Work, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Am J Health Promot 22:336-41. 2008
    ..To examine the efficacy of an intervention based on the transtheoretical model (TTM) for increasing fruit and vegetable consumption among economically disadvantaged African-American adolescents...
  35. ncbi request reprint Changes in diabetes self-care behaviors make a difference in glycemic control: the Diabetes Stages of Change (DiSC) study
    Helen Jones
    Leadership Sinai Center for Diabetes, Mount Sinai Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Diabetes Care 26:732-7. 2003
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Assessing stage of change and informed decision making for Internet participation in health promotion and disease management
    Carol O Cummins
    Pro Change Behavior Systems, Inc, West Kingston, Rhode Island 02892, USA
    Manag Care Interface 17:27-32. 2004
    ....
  37. pmc Methods of quantifying change in multiple risk factor interventions
    Judith J Prochaska
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, 401 Parnassus Ave TRC 0984, San Francisco, CA 94143 0984, USA
    Prev Med 46:260-5. 2008
    ..With increased interest in multiple risk factor interventions, the field will need ways to conceptualize the issue of overall behavior change...
  38. ncbi request reprint Transtheoretical model intervention for adherence to lipid-lowering drugs
    Sara S Johnson
    Pro Change Behavior Systems, Inc, West Kingston, Rhode Island, USA
    Dis Manag 9:102-14. 2006
    ..7% for exercise, and 24.7% versus 12.5% for diet). TTM expert system interventions can have a significant impact on entire populations for adherence. Results for dietary fat and exercise suggest covariation of treatment effects...
  39. pmc Online health behavior and disease management programs: are we ready for them? Are they ready for us?
    Kerry E Evers
    Pro Change Behavior Systems, Inc, West Kingston, RI 02892, USA
    J Med Internet Res 7:e27. 2005
    ....
  40. pmc Application of the transtheoretical model to fruit and vegetable consumption among economically disadvantaged African-American adolescents: preliminary findings
    Jennifer Di Noia
    Columbia University School of Social Work, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Am J Health Promot 20:342-8. 2006
    ..To examine the application of the transtheoretical model (TTM) to fruit and vegetable consumption among economically disadvantaged African-American adolescents...
  41. ncbi request reprint Computer expert systems for African-American smokers in physicians offices: a feasibility study
    Arthur M Hoffman
    Rush University Medical Center, IL 60612, USA
    Prev Med 43:204-11. 2006
    ..Applying this technology in settings serving low-income African-American smokers, with the addition of practical tools for stress reduction, may help to reduce disparities in morbidity and mortality from smoking-related diseases...
  42. ncbi request reprint Identifying high- and low-success smoking cessation subgroups using signal detection analysis
    Sonya B Norman
    VA San Diego Healthcare Systems and UCSD, MC116A4Z, San Diego, CA 92130, USA
    Addict Behav 31:31-41. 2006
    ..These smoker profiles may be useful in developing targeted smoking cessation interventions. Addressing perceived stress in smoking cessation interventions may help to improve smoking cessation success rates...
  43. ncbi request reprint Acceptability of a school-based intervention for the prevention of adolescent obesity
    Leanne M Mauriello
    Behavior Change Projects, Pro Change Behavior Systems, West Kingston, RI, USA
    J Sch Nurs 22:269-77. 2006
    ..Further, if found effective, it can be disseminated as an efficient, low-cost, population-based approach designed to address the epidemic of obesity...
  44. ncbi request reprint Comparing intervention outcomes in smokers treated for single versus multiple behavioral risks
    Judith J Prochaska
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0984, USA
    Health Psychol 25:380-8. 2006
    ..At 12 and 24 months follow-up, treatment of 1 or 2 coexisting risk factors did not decrease the effectiveness of smoking cessation treatment, and treatment for the coexisting factors was effective...
  45. pmc Stage of change for making an informed decision about Medicare health plans
    Deborah A Levesque
    Director of Health Behavior Change Programs, Pro Change Behavior Systems Inc, P O Box 755, West Kingston, RI 02892, USA
    Health Serv Res 41:1372-91. 2006
    ..To assess the applicability of the transtheoretical model of change (TTM) to informed choice in the Medicare population...
  46. ncbi request reprint Randomized trial of stage-based interventions for informed Medicare choices
    Deborah A Levesque
    Pro Change Behavior Systems, Inc, W Kingston, RI 02892, USA
    Health Care Financ Rev 27:25-40. 2006
    ..The challenges to increasing informed choice and possible dissemination channels for stage-based materials are discussed...

Research Grants12

  1. Maintenance in Multiple Behaviors with Emphasis on Aging
    JAMES PROCHASKA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Given increasing risks of developing diseases related to these behaviors, this research has special relevance for prevention and management of chronic diseases in older adults. ..
  2. Comparing Population Cessation Services with Emphasis on Unmotivated Smokers
    JAMES PROCHASKA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  3. Maintenance in Multiple Behaviors with Emphasis on Aging
    JAMES PROCHASKA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Given increasing risks of developing diseases related to these behaviors, this research has special relevance for prevention and management of chronic diseases in older adults. ..
  4. SCHOOL COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR TEENS FOR SIX CANCER RISKS
    JAMES PROCHASKA; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The project will produce individualized and interactive multimedia computer programs that can be disseminated in a cost-effective manner through schools to help entire populations of adolescents. ..
  5. Comparing Population Cessation Services with Emphasis on Unmotivated Smokers
    James O Prochaska; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....