Brian A Primack

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Comparison of media literacy and usual education to prevent tobacco use: a cluster-randomized trial
    Brian A Primack
    Associate Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 230 McKee Place Suite 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15213
    J Sch Health 84:106-15. 2014
  2. ncbi request reprint The LWDS-10J: reliability and validity of the Lebanon Waterpipe Dependence Scale among university students in Jordan
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA
    Nicotine Tob Res 16:915-22. 2014
  3. pmc Associations of mental health problems with waterpipe tobacco and cigarette smoking among college students
    Brian A Primack
    Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 48:211-9. 2013
  4. pmc Waterpipe smoking among U.S. university students
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 15:29-35. 2013
  5. pmc Tobacco, marijuana, and alcohol use in university students: a cluster analysis
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Am Coll Health 60:374-86. 2012
  6. pmc Parental efficacy and child behavior in a community sample of children with and without attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA, USA
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 4:189-97. 2012
  7. pmc US health policy related to hookah tobacco smoking
    Brian A Primack
    Program for Research on Media and Health, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Public Health 102:e47-51. 2012
  8. pmc Role of video games in improving health-related outcomes: a systematic review
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Prev Med 42:630-8. 2012
  9. pmc Association of established smoking among adolescents with timing of exposure to smoking depicted in movies
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 230 McKee Place, Ste 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15217, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 104:549-55. 2012
  10. pmc Alcohol brand appearances in US popular music
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Addiction 107:557-66. 2012

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. ncbi request reprint Comparison of media literacy and usual education to prevent tobacco use: a cluster-randomized trial
    Brian A Primack
    Associate Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 230 McKee Place Suite 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15213
    J Sch Health 84:106-15. 2014
    ..Media literacy programs have shown potential for reduction of adolescent tobacco use. We aimed to determine if an anti-smoking media literacy curriculum improves students' media literacy and affects factors related to adolescent smoking...
  2. ncbi request reprint The LWDS-10J: reliability and validity of the Lebanon Waterpipe Dependence Scale among university students in Jordan
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA
    Nicotine Tob Res 16:915-22. 2014
    ....
  3. pmc Associations of mental health problems with waterpipe tobacco and cigarette smoking among college students
    Brian A Primack
    Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 48:211-9. 2013
    ..For comparison, cigarette smoking was also examined. Associations with mental health variables were very strong for cigarette smoking but only moderate for waterpipe smoking. Study implications and limitations are noted...
  4. pmc Waterpipe smoking among U.S. university students
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 15:29-35. 2013
    ..We aimed to determine the prevalence of waterpipe use in a large diverse sample of U.S. university students and to assess the association of waterpipe use with individual and institution-related characteristics...
  5. pmc Tobacco, marijuana, and alcohol use in university students: a cluster analysis
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Am Coll Health 60:374-86. 2012
    ..Segmentation of populations may facilitate development of targeted substance abuse prevention programs. The authors aimed to partition a national sample of university students according to profiles based on substance use...
  6. pmc Parental efficacy and child behavior in a community sample of children with and without attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA, USA
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 4:189-97. 2012
    ..Feedback of this information to parents may improve parental self-efficacy, which is known to be positively associated with improved ADHD outcomes...
  7. pmc US health policy related to hookah tobacco smoking
    Brian A Primack
    Program for Research on Media and Health, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Public Health 102:e47-51. 2012
    ..Although US cigarette smoking is decreasing, hookah tobacco smoking (HTS) is an emerging trend associated with substantial toxicant exposure. We assessed how a representative sample of US tobacco control policies may apply to HTS...
  8. pmc Role of video games in improving health-related outcomes: a systematic review
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Prev Med 42:630-8. 2012
    ..S. Although video gaming has been associated with many negative health consequences, it also may be useful for therapeutic purposes. The goal of this study was to determine whether video games may be useful in improving health outcomes...
  9. pmc Association of established smoking among adolescents with timing of exposure to smoking depicted in movies
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 230 McKee Place, Ste 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15217, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 104:549-55. 2012
    ..We aimed to quantify the independent relative contribution to established smoking of exposure to smoking depicted in movies during both early and late adolescence...
  10. pmc Alcohol brand appearances in US popular music
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Addiction 107:557-66. 2012
    ..We aimed to determine the prevalence of and contextual elements associated with alcohol brand appearances in US popular music...
  11. pmc U.S. hookah tobacco smoking establishments advertised on the internet
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Prev Med 42:150-6. 2012
    ..Establishments dedicated to hookah tobacco smoking recently have proliferated and helped introduce hookah use to U.S. communities...
  12. pmc Volume of tobacco advertising in African American markets: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Public Health Rep 122:607-15. 2007
    ..This study compared the concentration (proportion of media messages that are for tobacco) and density (pro-tobacco media messages per person) of pro-tobacco media messages between African American and Caucasian markets...
  13. pmc Using ecological momentary assessment to determine media use by individuals with and without major depressive disorder
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165:360-5. 2011
    ..To use ecological momentary assessment techniques to measure the association of major depressive disorder (MDD) with media use...
  14. pmc Burnout among early career clinical investigators
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA, USA
    Clin Transl Sci 3:186-8. 2010
    ..Clin Trans Sci 2010; Volume 3: 186-188...
  15. pmc Waterpipe and cigarette smoking among college athletes in the United States
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Adolesc Health 46:45-51. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare cigarette and waterpipe tobacco smoking in terms of their associations with organized sport participation...
  16. pmc Associations between smoking and media literacy in college students
    Brian A Primack
    Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Health Commun 14:541-55. 2009
    ..38 (95% CI = 0.20, 0.70). High smoking media literacy is independently associated with lower odds of smoking. Smoking media literacy may be a valuable construct to address in college populations...
  17. pmc Media exposure and marijuana and alcohol use among adolescents
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 44:722-39. 2009
    ..In adjusted models, exposure to music was independently associated with marijuana use, but exposure to movies was independently associated with alcohol use. Implications, limitations, and suggestions for further research are discussed...
  18. pmc Prevalence of and associations with waterpipe tobacco smoking among U.S. university students
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Ann Behav Med 36:81-6. 2008
    ..Although waterpipe tobacco smoking seems to be increasing on U.S. university campuses, these data have come from convenience samples...
  19. pmc Adolescent smoking and volume of exposure to various forms of media
    Brian A Primack
    Center for Research on Health Care, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Public Health 122:379-89. 2008
    ..To assess the association between adolescent smoking and volume of exposure to various forms of media after controlling for multiple relevant covariates...
  20. pmc Improving measurement of normative beliefs involving smoking among adolescents
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Medicine, Center for Research on Health Care, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and Center for Health Equity and Promotion, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:434-9. 2007
    ..To identify different components of smoking normative beliefs and determine if each component is independently associated with 2 clinically relevant measures of smoking in adolescents...
  21. pmc Social marketing meets health literacy: Innovative improvement of health care providers' comfort with patient interaction
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 68:3-9. 2007
    ..We aimed to evaluate an innovative, theory-based, educational intervention involving social marketing and health literacy...
  22. pmc Degrading and non-degrading sex in popular music: a content analysis
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Public Health Rep 123:593-600. 2008
    ..We also aimed to determine if sexual references of each subtype were associated with other song characteristics and/or content...
  23. pmc Association of cigarette smoking and media literacy about smoking among adolescents
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Adolesc Health 39:465-72. 2006
    ..To determine whether media literacy concerning tobacco use is independently associated with two clinically relevant outcome measures in adolescents: current smoking and susceptibility to smoking...
  24. pmc Association of various components of media literacy and adolescent smoking
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School fo Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Health Behav 33:192-201. 2009
    ..To determine which specific aspects of media literacy were most strongly associated with smoking outcomes...
  25. pmc Content analysis of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs in popular music
    Brian A Primack
    Center for Research on Health Care, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 230 McKee Pl, Ste 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:169-75. 2008
    ..To perform a comprehensive content analysis of substance use in contemporary popular music...
  26. pmc Association between media use in adolescence and depression in young adulthood: a longitudinal study
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 230 McKee Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:181-8. 2009
    ..Although certain media exposures have been linked to the presence of psychiatric conditions, few studies have investigated the association between media exposure and depression...
  27. pmc Development and validation of a smoking media literacy scale for adolescents
    Brian A Primack
    Center for Research on Health Care, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 230 McKee Place, Ste 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:369-74. 2006
    ..To develop a smoking media literacy (SML) scale by using empiric survey data from a large sample of high school students and to assess reliability and criterion validity of the scale...
  28. pmc Adolescents' impressions of antismoking media literacy education: qualitative results from a randomized controlled trial
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Health Educ Res 24:608-21. 2009
    ..06). Findings suggest that although media literacy provides a compelling format for the delivery of anti-tobacco programming, integration of components of traditional programming may help media literacy programs achieve maximal efficacy...
  29. pmc Water-pipe tobacco smoking among middle and high school students in Arizona
    Brian A Primack
    Center for Research on Health Care, 230 McKee Place, Suite 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Pediatrics 123:e282-8. 2009
    ....
  30. pmc Exposure to sexual lyrics and sexual experience among urban adolescents
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:317-23. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine if exposure to lyrics describing degrading sex in popular music is independently associated with sexual behavior in a cohort of urban adolescents...
  31. pmc Associations between hookah tobacco smoking knowledge and hookah smoking behavior among US college students
    Erin Nuzzo
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Health Educ Res 28:92-100. 2013
    ..Although college students are largely unaware of the toxicant exposures associated with hookah smoking, there is little association between knowledge and hookah smoking behavior...
  32. ncbi request reprint Shortening the Work Preference Inventory for Use with Physician Scientists: WPI-10
    Georgeanna F W B Robinson
    Institute for Clinical Research Education, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Clin Transl Sci 7:324-8. 2014
    ..The WPI-10 shows evidence for similar validity and reliability to the original instrument while reducing respondent burden. ..
  33. pmc A shortened version of the Clinical Research Appraisal Inventory: CRAI-12
    Georgeanna F W B Robinson
    Institute for Clinical Research Education, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Acad Med 88:1340-5. 2013
    ..The purpose of this study is to develop a shortened version of the CRAI and to test its validity and reliability...
  34. pmc Exposure to cannabis in popular music and cannabis use among adolescents
    Brian A Primack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Addiction 105:515-23. 2010
    ..We aimed to determine if exposure to cannabis in popular music is associated independently with current cannabis use in a cohort of urban adolescents...
  35. pmc Elementary student self efficacy scale development and validation focused on student learning, peer relations, and resisting drug use
    Carl I Fertman
    School of Education, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    J Drug Educ 39:23-38. 2009
    ..The scale has potential as a tool to measure self efficacy in children related to learning, peer interactions, and resisting peer pressure to use drugs and to help shape drug education programs...
  36. pmc Associations between depressive symptoms and sexual risk behavior in a diverse sample of female adolescents
    A G Rubin
    University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 22:306-12. 2009
    ..To determine associations between depressive symptoms, locus of control, and sexual outcomes in a predominantly African-American cohort of female adolescents...
  37. pmc A comprehensive career-success model for physician-scientists
    Doris M Rubio
    Data Center, Center for Research on Health Care, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Acad Med 86:1571-6. 2011
    ..The authors also present examples of ways in which this model can be adapted and applied to specific situations to assess the effects of different factors on career success...
  38. pmc Measurement of Social Capital among Clinical Research Trainees
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Medicine, Pediatrics, and Clinical and Translational Science, Center for Research on Health Care, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Clin Transl Sci 7:33-7. 2014
    ..This brief assessment provides a tool that may be valuable to benchmark social capital of clinical research trainees and to better contextualize programmatic and trainee outcomes. ..
  39. pmc Substance and hookah use and living arrangement among fraternity and sorority members at US colleges and universities
    Jaime E Sidani
    Center for Research on Health Care, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA
    J Community Health 38:238-45. 2013
    ..It is valuable for substance use surveillance and intervention to focus on Greek resident members...
  40. pmc A comparison of cigarette- and hookah-related videos on YouTube
    Mary V Carroll
    Center for Research on Health Care, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Tob Control 22:319-23. 2013
    ..YouTube is now the second most visited site on the internet. The authors aimed to compare characteristics of and messages conveyed by cigarette- and hookah-related videos on YouTube...
  41. pmc ER vs. ED: a comparison of televised and real-life emergency medicine
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    J Emerg Med 43:1160-6. 2012
    ..Although accurate health-related representations of medical situations on television can be valuable, inaccurate portrayals can engender misinformation...
  42. pmc Association of media literacy with cigarette smoking among youth in Jujuy, Argentina
    M Victoria Salgado
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Medical Effectiveness Research Center for Diverse Populations, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0856, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 14:516-21. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether media literacy related to smoking is independently associated with current smoking and susceptibility to future smoking in a sample of mostly indigenous youth in Jujuy, Argentina...
  43. pmc Associations between religiosity and sexual and contraceptive behaviors
    Melanie A Gold
    Division of Student Affairs, University of Pittsburgh Student Health Service, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 23:290-7. 2010
    ..To determine associations between religiosity and female adolescents' sexual and contraceptive behaviors...
  44. pmc Knowledge, attitudes, and normative beliefs as predictors of hookah smoking initiation: a longitudinal study of university students
    Jaime E Sidani
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, UPMC Montefiore Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA
    Nicotine Tob Res 16:647-54. 2014
    ..This study sought to determine associations between knowledge, attitudes, and normative beliefs and initiation of HTS among university students...
  45. pmc Associations between race, ethnicity, religion, and waterpipe tobacco smoking
    Brian A Primack
    a Division of General Internal Medicine and the Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and the Program for Research on Media and Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
    J Ethn Subst Abuse 13:58-71. 2014
    ..42; 95% CI = 0.21, 0.86), but there was no significant association between South Asian ethnicity and current WTS. Being an atheist and having lower religiosity were associated with both WTS outcomes...
  46. pmc Smoking motives in movies are important for understanding adolescent smoking: a preliminary investigation
    William G Shadel
    RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 12:850-4. 2010
    ..This laboratory study examined whether exposure to movie smoking that is portrayed as having a clear motive is associated with the desire to smoke differently than smoking that is portrayed as having no clear motive...
  47. ncbi request reprint Counseling patients on mass media and health
    Brian A Primack
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA 15213, USA
    Am Fam Physician 69:2545-6, 2548, 2553-4. 2004
  48. pmc Processes of care and outcomes for community-acquired pneumonia
    Jonathan S Lee
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA, USA
    Am J Med 124:1175.e9-17. 2011
    ..Although processes of care are common proxies for health care quality, their associations with medical outcomes remain uncertain...
  49. pmc Receptivity to and recall of alcohol brand appearances in U.S. popular music and alcohol-related behaviors
    Brian A Primack
    Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 38:1737-44. 2014
    ..Our study aimed to determine associations between adolescents' involvement with music containing alcohol brand mentions and alcohol-related behaviors...
  50. pmc Left ventricular remodeling and myocardial recovery on mechanical circulatory support
    Marc A Simon
    Cardiovascular Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    J Card Fail 16:99-105. 2010
    ..Myocardial recovery after ventricular assist devices (VAD) is rare but appears more common in nonischemic cardiomyopathies (NICM). We sought to evaluate left ventricular (LV) end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) for predicting recovery after VAD...
  51. pmc Water pipe tobacco smoking among university students in Jordan
    Mohammed Azab
    Department of Toxicology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
    Nicotine Tob Res 12:606-12. 2010
    ....
  52. pmc An old custom, a new threat to tobacco control
    Brian A Primack
    Am J Public Health 96:1339. 2006

Research Grants3

  1. Media Literacy to Prevent Adolescent Smoking Initiation
    BRIAN PRIMACK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The candidate will emerge in five years with the skills and background necessary to implement and evaluate the intervention on a large scale via an R01 (to be secured in year 4). ..
  2. Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking among U.S. Adolescents and Young Adults
    Brian A Primack; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, it will include a nationally-representative, longitudinal data collection investigating the trajectories and consequences of waterpipe tobacco smoking. ..