Michael I Posner

Summary

Affiliation: University of Oregon
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Attentional networks and consciousness
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon Eugene, OR, USA
    Front Psychol 3:64. 2012
  2. pmc Imaging attention networks
    Michael I Posner
    Dept of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Neuroimage 61:450-6. 2012
  3. pmc Control networks and neuromodulators of early development
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Dev Psychol 48:827-35. 2012
  4. ncbi request reprint The anterior cingulate gyrus and the mechanism of self-regulation
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 1227, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 7:391-5. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Analyzing and shaping human attentional networks
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1227, USA
    Neural Netw 19:1422-9. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Attention genes
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Dev Sci 10:24-9. 2007
  7. pmc Brain states and hypnosis research
    Michael I Posner
    University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, United States
    Conscious Cogn 20:325-7. 2011
  8. doi request reprint Measuring alertness
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1227, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1129:193-9. 2008
  9. pmc Training, maturation, and genetic influences on the development of executive attention
    M Rosario Rueda
    Department of Psychology and Institute of Molecular Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:14931-6. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Genetic variation influences on the early development of reactive emotions and their regulation by attention
    Brad E Sheese
    Department of Psychology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, IN 61701, USA
    Cogn Neuropsychiatry 14:332-55. 2009

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. pmc Attentional networks and consciousness
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon Eugene, OR, USA
    Front Psychol 3:64. 2012
    ..In this paper we explore the overlap and discuss how to exploit the growing knowledge of attentional networks to constrain ideas of consciousness...
  2. pmc Imaging attention networks
    Michael I Posner
    Dept of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Neuroimage 61:450-6. 2012
    ..Together these developments have enhanced our understanding of attention and paved the way for significant applications to education, pathology and prevention of mental illness...
  3. pmc Control networks and neuromodulators of early development
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Dev Psychol 48:827-35. 2012
    ..We trace the attentional, emotional, and behavioral changes in early development related to this developmental change in regulative networks and their modulators...
  4. ncbi request reprint The anterior cingulate gyrus and the mechanism of self-regulation
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 1227, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 7:391-5. 2007
    ..The role of the midfrontal cortex in self-regulation allows us to consider both brain networks common to all people and network efficiency underlying individual differences in behavior...
  5. ncbi request reprint Analyzing and shaping human attentional networks
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1227, USA
    Neural Netw 19:1422-9. 2006
    ..Finally we indicate how training may aid in enhancing attentional networks. Our goal is to show the wide range of methods that can be used to suggest and analyze models of network function in the study of attention...
  6. ncbi request reprint Attention genes
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Dev Sci 10:24-9. 2007
    ..We need to learn how genes and experience combine to influence the structure of neural networks and the efficiency with which they are exercised. Methods for addressing these issues are central to progress in the decade ahead...
  7. pmc Brain states and hypnosis research
    Michael I Posner
    University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, United States
    Conscious Cogn 20:325-7. 2011
    ..Hypnosis seems to alter the brain state in a way which allows external input to dominate over internal goals. We examine how normal development may illuminate the hypnotic state...
  8. doi request reprint Measuring alertness
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1227, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1129:193-9. 2008
    ..Alertness as a function of one important attentional network is emphasized and methods to activate phasic and tonic alerting are reviewed and individual or group differences in the efficiency of network operations are discussed...
  9. pmc Training, maturation, and genetic influences on the development of executive attention
    M Rosario Rueda
    Department of Psychology and Institute of Molecular Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:14931-6. 2005
    ..Overall, our data suggest that the executive attention network appears to develop under strong genetic control, but that it is subject to educational interventions during development...
  10. ncbi request reprint Genetic variation influences on the early development of reactive emotions and their regulation by attention
    Brad E Sheese
    Department of Psychology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, IN 61701, USA
    Cogn Neuropsychiatry 14:332-55. 2009
    ..For older children and adults, self-regulation, as measured by ratings of effortful control, is consistently associated with lower levels of negative affect such as sadness and distress...
  11. ncbi request reprint Parenting quality interacts with genetic variation in dopamine receptor D4 to influence temperament in early childhood
    Brad E Sheese
    University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 99403 1227, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 19:1039-46. 2007
    ..This study shows that genes influence the relation between parenting and temperament in ways that are important to normal development and psychopathology...
  12. doi request reprint Executive attention and self-regulation in infancy
    Brad E Sheese
    Department of Psychology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, IL, United States
    Infant Behav Dev 31:501-10. 2008
    ..Overall, the results suggest the presence of rudimentary systems of executive attention in infants and support further studies using anticipatory looking as a measure of individual differences in attention in infancy...
  13. ncbi request reprint Influencing brain networks: implications for education
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1227, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:99-103. 2005
    ..The results obtained appear sufficient to propose research-based interventions that could prove useful in improving the ability of children to adjust to the school setting and to acquire skills like literacy and numeracy...
  14. doi request reprint Functional MRI evidence for inefficient attentional control in adolescent chronic cannabis abuse
    Yalchin Abdullaev
    Child and Family Center, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97401, USA
    Behav Brain Res 215:45-57. 2010
    ..These results suggest that chronic cannabis users have less efficient executive attention in conflict resolution tasks, demanding more activation in the right prefrontal areas to resolve conflict...
  15. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in executive attention predict self-regulation and adolescent psychosocial behaviors
    Lesa K Ellis
    Department of Psychology, Westminster College, 1840 South 1300 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84105, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1021:337-40. 2004
    ..Inclusion of individual-difference variables significantly increased prediction of problem-behavior scores, suggesting the importance of including such variables in studies of adolescent deviance...
  16. pmc Timing the brain: mental chronometry as a tool in neuroscience
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology at the University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA
    PLoS Biol 3:e51. 2005
  17. ncbi request reprint Research on attention networks as a model for the integration of psychological science
    Michael I Posner
    Psychology Department, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 1291, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:1-23. 2007
    ..Use of a common network approach to psychological science may allow a foundation for predicting and understanding human behavior in its varied forms...
  18. pmc Short-term meditation training improves attention and self-regulation
    Yi Yuan Tang
    Institute of Neuroinformatics and Laboratory for Body and Mind, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:17152-6. 2007
    ..These results provide a convenient method for studying the influence of meditation training by using experimental and control methods similar to those used to test drugs or other interventions...
  19. ncbi request reprint Development of attentional networks in childhood
    M Rosario Rueda
    Sackler Institute, Weill Medical College, New York, USA
    Neuropsychologia 42:1029-40. 2004
    ..A final experiment with forty 7-year-old children suggested that children like adults showed independence between the three networks under some conditions...
  20. ncbi request reprint An approach to the psychobiology of personality disorders
    Michael I Posner
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 15:1093-106. 2003
    ..We consider these implications in terms of a general approach to the study of personality development and its disorders...
  21. doi request reprint Attention training and attention state training
    Yi Yuan Tang
    Institute of Neuroinformatics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:222-7. 2009
    ..Together these various methods lead to practical ways of improving attention and self-regulation...
  22. pmc Short-term meditation induces white matter changes in the anterior cingulate
    Yi Yuan Tang
    Institute of Neuroinformatics and Lab for Body and Mind, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:15649-52. 2010
    ..Thus IBMT could provide a means for improving self-regulation and perhaps reducing or preventing various mental disorders...
  23. ncbi request reprint Mental chronometry in the study of individual and group differences
    Michael I Posner
    Sackler Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1227, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 24:968-76. 2002
    ....
  24. pmc Development of the time course for processing conflict: an event-related potentials study with 4 year olds and adults
    M Rosario Rueda
    Psychology Dept, University of Oregon, Eugene, USA
    BMC Neurosci 5:39. 2004
    ..Subjects performed a child-friendly flanker task while their brain activity was registered using a high-density electroencephalography system...
  25. ncbi request reprint Attention and adolescent tobacco use: A potential self-regulatory dynamic underlying nicotine addiction
    Theodore W Gardner
    Child and Family Center, University of Oregon, 195 West 12th Avenue, Eugene, OR 97401 3408, USA
    Addict Behav 31:531-6. 2006
    ..Future research requires repeated assessments of attention, affective states and tobacco use to clarify issues of temporal ordering...
  26. ncbi request reprint Genes and experience shape brain networks of conscious control
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1227, USA
    Prog Brain Res 150:173-83. 2005
    ..Voluntary control is also important for the regulation of conscious input from the sensory environment. It seems likely that the same network involved in self-regulation is also crucial for focal attention to the sensory world...
  27. pmc Neural correlates of establishing, maintaining, and switching brain states
    Yi Yuan Tang
    Texas Tech Neuroimaging Institute and Department of Psychology, Texas Tech University, TX 79409, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 16:330-7. 2012
    ..Brain state may serve as a predictor of performance in a variety of perceptual, memory, and problem solving tasks. Thus, understanding brain states is critical for understanding human performance...
  28. ncbi request reprint Psychological processes and neural mechanisms for action: the legacy of Steven W. Keele
    Richard B Ivry
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    J Mot Behav 38:3-6. 2006
    ..Steve served as head of the University of Oregon Psychology Department from 1992-1995, and, although he retired in 1997, he continued to perform important research until he became ill in early 2005...
  29. ncbi request reprint Synaptogenesis and heritable aspects of executive attention
    John A Fossella
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 9:178-83. 2003
    ..Strategies that unify the wealth of biochemical knowledge pertaining to synapse formation with the functional measures of brain structure and activity may lead to new insights in developmental cognitive psychology...
  30. ncbi request reprint Attentional phenotypes for the analysis of higher mental function
    John Fossella
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY, 10021, USA
    ScientificWorldJournal 2:217-23. 2002
    ..These findings require replication and possible extension to other cognitive processes...
  31. pmc Mapping the genetic variation of executive attention onto brain activity
    Jin Fan
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:7406-11. 2003
    ..The results demonstrate how genetic differences among individuals can be linked to individual differences in neuromodulators and in the efficiency of the operation of an appropriate attentional network...
  32. ncbi request reprint Cognitive and brain consequences of conflict
    Jin Fan
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York, 10021, USA
    Neuroimage 18:42-57. 2003
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Hypnotic suggestion and the modulation of Stroop interference
    Amir Raz
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Ave, Box 140, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:1155-61. 2002
    ..Cognitive science has not fully exploited hypnosis and hypnotic suggestion as experimental tools. This study was designed to determine whether a hypnotic suggestion to hinder lexical processing could modulate the Stroop effect...
  34. pmc Attentional mechanisms of borderline personality disorder
    Michael I Posner
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:16366-70. 2002
    ..The temperamentally matched group did not differ significantly from either group. A significant correlation was found between measures of the ability to control conflict in the reaction-time task and self-reported effortful control...
  35. pmc Assessing the molecular genetics of attention networks
    John Fossella
    Sackler Institute of Developmental Psychobiology, Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, New York, New York 10021, USA
    BMC Neurosci 3:14. 2002
    ..g. attention) have been shown to be related to several anatomical networks. Recently, we have developed an Attention Network Test (ANT) that provides a separate measure for each of three anatomically defined attention networks...
  36. ncbi request reprint Testing the efficiency and independence of attentional networks
    Jin Fan
    The Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, Box 140, New York, NY 10002, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:340-7. 2002
    ..The ANT may also serve as an activation task for neuroimaging studies and as a phenotype for the study of the influence of genes on attentional networks...
  37. ncbi request reprint Failure of frontolimbic inhibitory function in the context of negative emotion in borderline personality disorder
    David Silbersweig
    Department of Psychiatry, Box 140, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1832-41. 2007
    ..Such a finding would provide a plausible neural basis for the difficulty borderline patients have in modulating their behavior during negative emotional states and a potential marker for treatment interventions...
  38. ncbi request reprint The functional integration of the anterior cingulate cortex during conflict processing
    Jin Fan
    Laboratory of Neuroimaging, Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Cereb Cortex 18:796-805. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that conflict processing is associated with the effective contribution of the RCZa to the neuronal activity of CCZ, as well as other cortical regions...
  39. ncbi request reprint Selective impairment of attentional networks of orienting and executive control in schizophrenia
    Kai Wang
    Department of Neurology, The First Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui Province, PR China
    Schizophr Res 78:235-41. 2005
    ..Difficulty attending is a common deficit of schizophrenic patients. However, it is not known whether this is a global attentional deficit or relates to a specific attentional network...
  40. ncbi request reprint Neuroimaging and genetic associations of attentional and hypnotic processes
    Amir Raz
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, USA
    J Physiol Paris 99:483-91. 2006
    ..These results may explain individual differences in hypnotizability and propose new ideas for studying the influence of suggestion on neural systems...
  41. pmc Infant brains detect arithmetic errors
    Andrea Berger
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Zlotowski Centre for Neuroscience, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:12649-53. 2006
    ..These findings show (i) that the brain network involved in error detection can be identified in infancy and (ii) that this network can support an association between looking time and violation of expectations...
  42. ncbi request reprint The activation of attentional networks
    Jin Fan
    Laboratory of Neuroimaging, Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Neuroimage 26:471-9. 2005
    ..Overall, the fMRI results suggest that the functional contrasts within this single task differentially activate three separable anatomical networks related to the components of attention...
  43. ncbi request reprint Ecological nuances in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI): psychological stressors, posture, and hydrostatics
    Amir Raz
    MRI Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, Box 74, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Neuroimage 25:1-7. 2005
    ..Recognizing the central role of fMRI in unraveling the neural mechanisms of cognition, we outline ways to address these limitations...
  44. ncbi request reprint The relation of brain oscillations to attentional networks
    Jin Fan
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Neurosci 27:6197-206. 2007
    ..These data demonstrate that attention is not related to any single frequency band but that each network has a distinct oscillatory activity and time course...
  45. ncbi request reprint Anterior cingulate cortex regulation of sympathetic activity
    Phan Luu
    Brain 126:2119-20. 2003
  46. ncbi request reprint Developing mechanisms of temperamental effortful control
    Mary K Rothbart
    University of Oregon and Sackler Institute, USA
    J Pers 71:1113-43. 2003
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Convergence of psychological and biological development
    Michael I Posner
    Sackler Institute of Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 40:339-43. 2002
    ..This commentary uses the material in the special issue to address integration of the two fields and to suggest some future developments...
  48. ncbi request reprint Cognitive and affective neuroscience and developmental psychopathology
    Dante Cicchetti
    Dev Psychopathol 17:569-75. 2005
  49. ncbi request reprint How the brain recovers following damage
    Yalçin Abdullaev
    Nat Neurosci 8:1424-5. 2005
  50. pmc Hypnotic suggestion reduces conflict in the human brain
    Amir Raz
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:9978-83. 2005
    ..Our findings illuminate how suggestion affects cognitive control by modulating activity in specific brain areas, including early visual modules, and provide a more scientific account relating the neural effects of suggestion to placebo...
  51. ncbi request reprint See clearly: suggestion, hypnosis, attention, and visual acuity
    Amir Raz
    Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, Department of Psychiatry, New York 10032, USA
    Int J Clin Exp Hypn 52:159-87. 2004
    ..It seems likely that the small apparent influence of suggestion on visual acuity is mediated by changes in attention. The authors outline how attention can affect visual acuity...
  52. ncbi request reprint The development of executive attention: contributions to the emergence of self-regulation
    M Rosario Rueda
    Departamento de Psicologia Experimental, Universidad de Granada, Spain
    Dev Neuropsychol 28:573-94. 2005
    ..In this article we focus on the monitoring and control functions of attention and discuss its contributions to self-regulation from cognitive, temperamental, and biological perspectives...