Hiram C Polk

Summary

Affiliation: University of Louisville
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Commentary on the professional career of John S. Spratt, Jr., MD, MPH
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    J Surg Oncol 88:112. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Married to the boss, or how checking the box changed my life
    Susan Galandiuk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Surg 190:300-4. 2005
  3. doi request reprint A proposal for enhancing the general surgical workforce and access to surgical care
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Ann Surg 255:611-7. 2012
  4. ncbi request reprint Commentary on the role of government in health care: a societal issue
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, 550 S Jackson Street, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Surg 191:161. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Comments by Dr. Polk upon occasion of the mid-winter President's dinner of the American Surgical Association, community celebration of his chairmanship at the University of Louisville, and at the reunion of former residents and students
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Surg 190:158-60. 2005
  6. pmc Quality and safety in surgical care
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Ann Surg 243:439-48. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Attitudes of surgical specialists toward venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in surgical patients
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Am Surg 74:189-94. 2008
  8. doi request reprint The complementary value of trained abstractors and surgeons in the more accurate assessment of surgical quality
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Med Qual 25:444-8. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint Renewal of surgical quality and safety initiatives: a multispecialty challenge
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery and Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 81:345-52. 2006
  10. doi request reprint A situational overview of surgical quality and safety in 2010
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Surg 200:82-9. 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications75

  1. ncbi request reprint Commentary on the professional career of John S. Spratt, Jr., MD, MPH
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    J Surg Oncol 88:112. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Married to the boss, or how checking the box changed my life
    Susan Galandiuk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Surg 190:300-4. 2005
  3. doi request reprint A proposal for enhancing the general surgical workforce and access to surgical care
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Ann Surg 255:611-7. 2012
    ..We also sought to define workable solutions within the existing framework of medical accreditation and certification...
  4. ncbi request reprint Commentary on the role of government in health care: a societal issue
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, 550 S Jackson Street, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Surg 191:161. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Comments by Dr. Polk upon occasion of the mid-winter President's dinner of the American Surgical Association, community celebration of his chairmanship at the University of Louisville, and at the reunion of former residents and students
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Surg 190:158-60. 2005
  6. pmc Quality and safety in surgical care
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Ann Surg 243:439-48. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Attitudes of surgical specialists toward venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in surgical patients
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Am Surg 74:189-94. 2008
    ..Actual practices used in the Surgical Care Improvement Project 2004 varied even more widely and were at substantial variance from recommendations and current Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services quality measures...
  8. doi request reprint The complementary value of trained abstractors and surgeons in the more accurate assessment of surgical quality
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Med Qual 25:444-8. 2010
    ..If "quality" is to be validly reported and used for assessment, punishment, or reward processes, then the value of these 2 sources is too great to ignore...
  9. ncbi request reprint Renewal of surgical quality and safety initiatives: a multispecialty challenge
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery and Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 81:345-52. 2006
    ..This effort has defined factors worthy of further verification and provides a framework for an ethical and valid pay-for-performance scheme...
  10. doi request reprint A situational overview of surgical quality and safety in 2010
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Surg 200:82-9. 2010
    ..Surgical safety and quality initiatives have now moved to the front of the agenda for contemporary surgery...
  11. ncbi request reprint Glucose and surgical sepsis: a study of underlying immunologic mechanisms
    Motaz Qadan
    The Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, 511 S Floyd Street, Louisville, KY 40202, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 210:966-74. 2010
    ..We sought to investigate the effects of varying glucose concentrations on previously tested, prognostically significant, innate immune parameters, to define any potential effects of glucose at the cellular level...
  12. doi request reprint In vitro study of variables relevant to perioperative care of the surgical patient: glucose, osmolarity, and rewarming
    Ashley Dickinson
    Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY
    J Am Coll Surg 212:180-6. 2011
    ..We sought to determine the effects of altering osmolarity and the reversibility of the detrimental immunologic effects of hypothermia on human monocyte HLA-DR surface expression and reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation...
  13. ncbi request reprint Optimizing surgical care: a contemporary assessment of temperature, oxygen, and glucose
    Ashley Dickinson
    Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, USA
    Am Surg 76:571-7. 2010
    ..These factors and their associated effects are discussed through the examination of recent clinical and scientific studies to provide an up-to-date evidence-based review...
  14. ncbi request reprint Differences and similarities between rural and urban operations
    Susan Galandiuk
    Department of Surgery, Price Institute for Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA
    Surgery 140:589-96. 2006
    ..The importance of rural operations is magnified by super-specialization, uneven geographic distribution, and special educational needs. Definition of practice patterns and quality measures are needed...
  15. ncbi request reprint Oxygen and surgical site infection: a study of underlying immunologic mechanisms
    Motaz Qadan
    The Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, USA
    Anesthesiology 113:369-77. 2010
    ..The authors sought to investigate the effects of hyperoxia on previously tested and prognostically significant innate immune parameters to uncover the potential effects of hyperoxia at the cellular level...
  16. doi request reprint Venous thromboembolism in elective operations: balancing the choices
    Motaz Qadan
    Price Institute of Surgical Research, Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Surgery 144:654-60, discussion 660-1. 2008
    ..We report the incidence of VTE from 3 sources to provide an estimate of the true risk of the complication in elective surgery...
  17. doi request reprint Mortality after elective colon resection: the search for outcomes that define quality in surgical practice
    Adrian T Billeter
    Price Institute of Surgical Research, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 214:436-43; discussion 443-4. 2012
    ..Wide ranges of reported hospital death rates led us to hypothesize that survival after elective colon resection would be a legitimate outcomes measure for quality of surgical practice...
  18. ncbi request reprint Expanded surgical time out: a key to real-time data collection and quality improvement
    Terry Altpeter
    University of Louisville Hospital, Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine and Quality, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 204:527-32. 2007
    ..See: Transforming the Surgical "Time-Out" Into a Comprehensive "Preparatory Pause." Backster A, Teo A, Swift M, MD, Polk HC Jr, MD, FACS, Harken AH, MD, FACS. J Cardiac Surg, in press.)..
  19. ncbi request reprint Diabetes and hyperglycemia: strict glycemic control
    Matthias Turina
    Department of Surgery, Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA
    Crit Care Med 34:S291-300. 2006
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Process and outcome measures in specialty surgery: early steps in defining quality
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, KY, USA
    Bull Am Coll Surg 90:8-15. 2005
    ..It has been said that perfection is an enemy of quality; the first step toward best practices is to implement, refine, and improve better practices...
  21. ncbi request reprint A Hamblin Letton Lecture. The continuing need to attract surgery students to surgical specialty careers: a step forward but at what expense?
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Center for Advanced Surgical Technologies, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Am Surg 70:379-83. 2004
  22. ncbi request reprint Effects of hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and hyperosmolarity on neutrophil apoptosis
    Matthias Turina
    Department of Surgery, Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 7:111-21. 2006
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Is there a role for bowel preparation and oral or parenteral antibiotics in infection control in contemporary colon surgery?
    Susan Galandiuk
    Section of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Adv Surg 45:131-40. 2011
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Patient safety and quality in surgery
    Michael H McCafferty
    Department of Surgery, Section of Colorectal Surgery, University of Louisville, 550 South Jackson Street, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, USA
    Surg Clin North Am 87:867-81, vii. 2007
    ..In our current climate, this emphasis on quality and safety will remain a high priority. Surgeon leadership at all levels is key to our professional viability...
  25. pmc Practicing surgeons lead in quality care, safety, and cost control
    Eugene H Shively
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine and Quality Surgical Solutions, PLLC, Louisville, KY, USA
    Ann Surg 239:752-60; discussion 760-2. 2004
    ..To report the experiences of 66 surgical specialists from 15 different hospitals who performed 43 CPT-based procedures more than 16,000 times...
  26. ncbi request reprint Transforming the surgical "time-out" into a comprehensive "preparatory pause"
    Anika Backster
    Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco East Bay, Oakland, California, USA
    J Card Surg 22:410-6. 2007
    ..We propose expansion of the "time-out" to include five well-documented perioperative risk avoidance strategies that many of us overlook all too often...
  27. ncbi request reprint A brief private group practice rotation changes junior medical students' perception of the surgical lifestyle
    Mary B Carter
    Office of Curriculum Development and Evaluation, University of Louisville, School of Medicine, Instructional B Building, Room 308, Louisville, KY, 40292, USA
    Am J Surg 189:458-61. 2005
    ..We hypothesized that a 4-day preceptorship with surgeons in private practice would improve student perception of surgery as a valid career choice without compromising student educational performance...
  28. ncbi request reprint Mannitol upregulates monocyte HLA-DR, monocyte and neutrophil CD11b, and inhibits neutrophil apoptosis
    Matthias Turina
    Department of Surgery, Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Inflammation 31:74-83. 2008
    ..Further systematic evaluation is indicated to define the precise immunomodulating actions of mannitol, and to assess these effects in patients receiving such therapy...
  29. doi request reprint Opportunities for improved performance in surgical specialty practice
    Suhal S Mahid
    Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Ann Surg 247:380-8. 2008
    ..To identify opportunities for improvement in quality performance profile while maintaining better clinical outcomes...
  30. doi request reprint Does clinically relevant temperature change miRNA and cytokine expression in whole blood?
    Adrian T Billeter
    Hiram C Polk Jr MD Department of Surgery, Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    J Interferon Cytokine Res 32:485-94. 2012
    ..In conclusion, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 production is highly variable among different persons, but temperature affects the expression of miRNAs, which may consequently alter the production of TNF-α...
  31. pmc Short-term hyperglycemia in surgical patients and a study of related cellular mechanisms
    Matthias Turina
    Department of Surgery, Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, 550 South Jackson Street, Louisville, KY 40294, USA
    Ann Surg 243:845-51; discussion 851-3. 2006
    ..To examine cellular mechanisms by which short-term elevations of glucose or insulin impair leukocyte functions and to assess the occurrence of perioperative hyperglycemia in surgical patients...
  32. ncbi request reprint Mutual reporting of process and outcomes enhances quality outcomes for colon and rectal resections
    Susan Galandiuk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Surgery 136:833-41. 2004
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Interhospital transfer of blunt multiply injured patients to a level 1 trauma center does not adversely affect outcome
    Adrian T Billeter
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Surg 207:459-66. 2014
    ..Stops at nontrauma centers for severely injured patients are thought to increase deaths and costs, potentially because of unnecessary imaging and indecisive/delayed care of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs)...
  34. ncbi request reprint Program directors in surgery agree that residents should be formally trained in business and practice management
    Vincent C Lusco
    Department of Surgery, and the Institute for Bioethics Health Policy and Law, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Surg 189:11-3. 2005
    ..With the introduction of the core competencies and the current overhaul of surgical education, we believe there is an opportunity to include business and practice management into resident training...
  35. ncbi request reprint Monocyte HLA-DR and interferon-gamma treatment in severely injured patients--a critical reappraisal more than a decade later
    Matthias Turina
    Price Institute of Surgical Research and the Trauma Program in Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 203:73-81. 2006
  36. ncbi request reprint Roger T. Sherman Lecture. Surgical quality and safety: the patient comes first
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, The Price Institute of Surgical Research, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Am Surg 73:538-42. 2007
  37. ncbi request reprint Impact of diabetes mellitus and metabolic disorders
    Matthias Turina
    Department of Surgery, Price Institute of Surgical Research, 511 South Floyd Street, MDR Building, Room 312, Louisville, KY 40202, USA
    Surg Clin North Am 85:1153-61, ix. 2005
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Addition of "near-miss" cases enhances a quality improvement conference
    Michael H McCafferty
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, and the Trauma Program in Surgery, University of Louisville Hospital, Louisville, KY, USA
    Arch Surg 139:216-7. 2004
    ..Near-miss" is a useful focus for such a conference, in that it avoids a focus on ultimate personal guilt and minimizes exposure to litigation (ie, a nonevent)...
  39. ncbi request reprint Further results of incorporating innovative procedures in a surgical residency
    Farid J Kehdy
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, and the Center for Advanced Surgical Technologies, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Surg Innov 12:167-71. 2005
    ....
  40. doi request reprint Another duel in the sun: weighing the balances between sun protection, tanning beds, and malignant melanoma
    Daniel J Roberts
    School of Public Health and Information Sciences, University of Louisville, Kentucky
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 48:614-22. 2009
    ..The purpose of this report is to put the dueling factors of risk and prevention for melanoma in perspective for the thoughtful pediatric specialist to facilitate preteen preventive health counseling...
  41. doi request reprint Transient receptor potential ion channels: powerful regulators of cell function
    Adrian T Billeter
    Hiram C Polk Jr MD Department of Surgery, Price Institute of Surgical Research, and Diabetes and Obesity Center, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY
    Ann Surg 259:229-35. 2014
    ..This article reviews the current understanding of transient receptor potential ion channels (TRP channels) in health and disease...
  42. doi request reprint MicroRNA as a new factor in lung and esophageal cancer
    Adrian T Billeter
    Department of Surgery, Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, USA
    Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 24:155-65. 2012
    ..Cancer cells actively secrete miRNAs, and these miRNA profiles can be found in blood. We outline, here, how these miRNAs may aid in diagnosis and treatment of lung and esophageal cancers, as well as their apparent limitations...
  43. doi request reprint Sequential improvements in organ procurement increase the organ donation rate
    Adrian T Billeter
    Department of Surgery, Price Institute of Surgical Research, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, 511 South Floyd Street, Louisville, KY 40202, United States
    Injury 43:1805-10. 2012
    ..The purpose of this article is to propose how sequentially introduced measures can increase organ donation rates as well as improve organ procurement...
  44. pmc Hypothermia and surgery: immunologic mechanisms for current practice
    Motaz Qadan
    Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Medical Dental Research Building 3rd Floor, 511 South Floyd St, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, USA
    Ann Surg 250:134-40. 2009
    ..To examine cellular and immunologic mechanisms by which intraoperative hypothermia affects surgical patients...
  45. doi request reprint Perioperative supplemental oxygen therapy and surgical site infection: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Motaz Qadan
    Department of Surgery, Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, USA
    Arch Surg 144:359-66; discussion 366-7. 2009
    ..To conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials in which high inspired oxygen concentrations were compared with standard concentrations to assess the effect on the development of surgical site infections (SSIs)...
  46. pmc Broad-based general surgery training is a model of continued utility for the future
    William G Cheadle
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Ann Surg 239:627-32; discussion 632-6. 2004
    ..Our faculty includes surgeons with both broad-based and narrowly focused practices. In light of duty-hour restrictions and proposed changes in surgical training, we assessed the results of this model over an extended period...
  47. ncbi request reprint Hiram C. Polk: the horseman
    J David Richardson
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Surg 190:285-8. 2005
  48. pmc Quality, safety, and transparency
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Ann Surg 242:293-301. 2005
  49. ncbi request reprint Acute hyperglycemia and the innate immune system: clinical, cellular, and molecular aspects
    Matthias Turina
    Department of Surgery, The Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, University of Louisville Hospital, Louisville, KY, USA
    Crit Care Med 33:1624-33. 2005
    ..To extract from the biomedical literature the reported effects of acute hyperglycemia on the major components of the innate immune system and to describe the clinical benefits of strict blood glucose control in certain patients...
  50. ncbi request reprint Hiram Polk and the American Journal of Surgery
    Kirby I Bland
    Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1530 3rd Avenue South, 502 BDB, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Am J Surg 190:338-43. 2005
  51. pmc Surgeon-led initiatives cut costs and enhance the quality of endoscopic and laparoscopic procedures
    Jeff W Allen
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Center for Advanced Surgical Technologies of Norton Hospital, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    JSLS 7:243-7. 2003
    ..We describe a program led by practicing surgeons that demonstrates that quality can be maintained, and often improved, while substantial cost reductions are realized...
  52. ncbi request reprint Racial trends in mammography rates: a population-based study
    Anees B Chagpar
    Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA
    Surgery 144:467-72. 2008
    ..The rates of mammography have been declining over the last 5 years. The objective of this study was to examine racial disparities in this trend...
  53. doi request reprint Rapidly expanding demands on hospital quality personnel threaten the quality of their reports
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery and the Price Institute of Surgical Research, and Quality Surgical Solutions, PLLC, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 207:604-6. 2008
  54. ncbi request reprint Endotoxin inhibits apoptosis but induces primary necrosis in neutrophils
    Matthias Turina
    Department of Surgery, The Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Inflammation 29:55-63. 2005
    ..6% in controls to 30.6%, p < 0.001). This increase in direct neutrophil necrosis following LPS activation may amplify local proinflammatory effects through less well controlled release of neutrophil contents into surrounding tissue...
  55. ncbi request reprint Clinical and economic outcomes of oral linezolid versus intravenous vancomycin in the treatment of MRSA-complicated, lower-extremity skin and soft-tissue infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    J Neal Sharpe
    SharpCare, LLC, 9505 Williamsburg Plaza, Suite 201, Louisville, KY 40222, USA
    Am J Surg 189:425-8. 2005
    ..This open-label study compared oral linezolid and intravenous vancomycin for management of complicated skin and soft-tissue infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)...
  56. pmc Profitable versus unprofitable expansion of trauma and critical care surgery
    Jorge L Rodriguez
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville University of Louisville and the Trauma Program in Surgery, University of Louisville Hospital, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Ann Surg 242:603-6; discussion 606-9. 2005
    ..We assessed whether this change will have an impact on the financial challenges that this specialty confronts, including inadequate reimbursement for efforts exerted...
  57. ncbi request reprint Methamphetamine laboratory explosions: a new and emerging burn injury
    Ariel P Santos
    Department of Surgery, Epidemiology and Statistics Training CREST Program, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    J Burn Care Rehabil 26:228-32. 2005
    ..It also is associated with lack of insurance coverage and poor follow-up after injury. This injury has a significant impact not only on patients but also on the healthcare system...
  58. ncbi request reprint The evolution of guidelines toward standards of practice
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Price Institute of Surgical Research and Quality Surgical Solutions, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Am Surg 72:1017-20; discussion 1021-30, 1133-48. 2006
    ..A careful and ongoing analysis of the self-serving aspects of such work is essential. However, these observations and our work make the decision for elective surgical operations safer than it has ever been...
  59. doi request reprint A closer look at surgical quality measures across different surgical specialties
    James M Watkins
    Taylor Regional Hospital, Campbellsville, KY, USA
    Am J Surg 200:90-6. 2010
    ..Most studies of surgical quality improvement have been performed in large and/or teaching hospitals; the efficacy of safety and quality efforts in smaller hospitals have not been reported...
  60. ncbi request reprint Does additional surgical training increase participation in randomized controlled trials?
    Robert C G Martin
    Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Ave, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Am J Surg 185:239-43. 2003
    ..The prospective randomized controlled trial (PRCT) is agreeably the gold standard in reporting data on patient management. This study evaluates the impact of specialty training on the leadership, development, and enrollment in PRCT...
  61. ncbi request reprint The challenge of small numbers to the contemporary excellence of elective specialty surgery
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine and Price Institute of Surgical Research and Quality Surgical Solutions, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Am Surg 72:1043-5; discussion 1061-9, 1133-48. 2006
  62. ncbi request reprint Clinical characteristics of familial adenomatous polyposis and management of duodenal adenomas
    Emilio Morpurgo
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine and the Digestive Health Center, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    J Gastrointest Surg 8:559-64. 2004
    ....
  63. ncbi request reprint Free hemoglobin enhances tumor necrosis factor-alpha production in isolated human monocytes
    Eddy H Carrillo
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, USA
    J Trauma 52:449-52. 2002
    ..We hypothesize that free Hb enhances the local peritoneal response by increasing tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) production by monocytes, contributing to the local inflammatory response and SIR...
  64. ncbi request reprint Symposium introduction
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Surg 184:185-6. 2002
  65. ncbi request reprint Tertiary care centers: a strategy for fiscal survival
    Jorge L Rodriguez
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40201, USA
    Surgery 134:684-9; discussion 689-90. 2003
    ..We assessed the financial outcome of these strategies and attempted to identify those that maintain a balance between cost and reimbursement...
  66. ncbi request reprint Conference workgroups and summation. Dialogue from the Symposium on Challenges in Surgical Education: Competencies, Work Hours, Workforce, Assessment, and Adaptation
    Hiram C Polk
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Am J Surg 184:225-51. 2002
  67. ncbi request reprint Emergence of resistant microbes in critical care units is transient, despite an unrestricted formulary and multiple antibiotic trials
    Glen A Franklin
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 3:135-44. 2002
    ..Antimicrobial resistance data were compared among the surgical intensive care unit (SICU), medical intensive care unit (MICU), and burn unit (BNU)...
  68. ncbi request reprint Interferon-gamma gene polymorphisms and the development of sepsis in patients with trauma
    Nicole A Stassen
    Department of Surgery, Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville School of Medicine, KY 40202, USA
    Surgery 132:289-92. 2002
    ..This study evaluates the relationship between polymorphisms in the first intron of the interferon-gamma gene and the development of sepsis after trauma...
  69. ncbi request reprint A study of added costs of laparoscopic cholecystectomy based on surgery preference cards
    Jeff W Allen
    Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Am Surg 68:474-6. 2002
    ..Our study points out the differences in expenses between surgeons. Maintaining this type of expense tracking can apply to other procedures and is a good place to start a surgeon-led and hospital-based cost-saving initiative...
  70. ncbi request reprint Pharmacoeconomics for surgeons
    Hiram C Polk
    Am J Surg 183:1. 2002
  71. ncbi request reprint Continuing refinements in surgical antibiotic prophylaxis
    Hiram C Polk
    Arch Surg 140:1066-7. 2005
  72. ncbi request reprint Keeping score and the application of known principles
    Hiram C Polk
    Am J Surg 190:16-7. 2005
  73. ncbi request reprint The health workforce: a position statement
    Jay L Grosfeld
    American Surgical Association, USA
    Ann Surg 246:525-6. 2007
  74. ncbi request reprint A neighbor's perspective on Josef E. Fischer
    Hiram C Polk
    Am J Surg 183:489-90. 2002
  75. ncbi request reprint The fate and growth of general surgery in the United States
    Hiram C Polk
    Langenbecks Arch Surg 387:63-6. 2002