Audrey Pettifor

Summary

Affiliation: University of North Carolina
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Preventing HIV among young people: research priorities for the future
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:S155-60. 2013
  2. pmc Can money prevent the spread of HIV? A review of cash payments for HIV prevention
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:1729-38. 2012
  3. pmc 'If I buy the Kellogg's then he should [buy] the milk': young women's perspectives on relationship dynamics, gender power and HIV risk in Johannesburg, South Africa
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    Cult Health Sex 14:477-90. 2012
  4. pmc Contraception use and pregnancy among 15-24 year old South African women: a nationally representative cross-sectional survey
    Catherine MacPhail
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, PO Box 18512, Hillbrow 2038, South Africa
    BMC Med 5:31. 2007
  5. pmc Continued high risk sexual behavior following diagnosis with acute HIV infection in South Africa and Malawi: implications for prevention
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7435, McGavran Greenberg Bldg, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:1243-50. 2011
  6. pmc Bed net ownership, use and perceptions among women seeking antenatal care in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): opportunities for improved maternal and child health
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:331. 2008
  7. pmc A tale of two countries: rethinking sexual risk for HIV among young people in South Africa and the United States
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    J Adolesc Health 49:237-243.e1. 2011
  8. doi request reprint Free distribution of insecticide treated bed nets to pregnant women in Kinshasa: an effective way to achieve 80% use by women and their newborns
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 14:20-8. 2009
  9. pmc Perceived control over condom use among sex workers in Madagascar: a cohort study
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    BMC Womens Health 10:4. 2010
  10. pmc Keep them in school: the importance of education as a protective factor against HIV infection among young South African women
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:1266-73. 2008

Detail Information

Publications45

  1. pmc Preventing HIV among young people: research priorities for the future
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:S155-60. 2013
    ..To review the current state of knowledge on the prevention of sexual transmission of HIV in adolescents and to highlight the existing gaps and priority areas for future research...
  2. pmc Can money prevent the spread of HIV? A review of cash payments for HIV prevention
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:1729-38. 2012
    ....
  3. pmc 'If I buy the Kellogg's then he should [buy] the milk': young women's perspectives on relationship dynamics, gender power and HIV risk in Johannesburg, South Africa
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    Cult Health Sex 14:477-90. 2012
    ..The disconnect between expectations of relationships and young women's lived realities emphasises the need for structural changes that afford women greater economic and thus decision making power...
  4. pmc Contraception use and pregnancy among 15-24 year old South African women: a nationally representative cross-sectional survey
    Catherine MacPhail
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, PO Box 18512, Hillbrow 2038, South Africa
    BMC Med 5:31. 2007
    ..In South Africa, high numbers of adolescent women report pregnancies that are unwanted and yet few have accessed available termination of pregnancy services. Enabling contraception use is vital for meeting the goals of HIV prevention...
  5. pmc Continued high risk sexual behavior following diagnosis with acute HIV infection in South Africa and Malawi: implications for prevention
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7435, McGavran Greenberg Bldg, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:1243-50. 2011
    ..Studies are underway to determine the feasibility, acceptability and potential effectiveness of interventions designed for individuals with AHI...
  6. pmc Bed net ownership, use and perceptions among women seeking antenatal care in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): opportunities for improved maternal and child health
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:331. 2008
    ....
  7. pmc A tale of two countries: rethinking sexual risk for HIV among young people in South Africa and the United States
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    J Adolesc Health 49:237-243.e1. 2011
    ....
  8. doi request reprint Free distribution of insecticide treated bed nets to pregnant women in Kinshasa: an effective way to achieve 80% use by women and their newborns
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 14:20-8. 2009
    ....
  9. pmc Perceived control over condom use among sex workers in Madagascar: a cohort study
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    BMC Womens Health 10:4. 2010
    ..However, many existing analyses used cross-sectional data and little quantitative information exists to characterize the relationships between perceived control and actual condom use among sex worker populations...
  10. pmc Keep them in school: the importance of education as a protective factor against HIV infection among young South African women
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:1266-73. 2008
    ..This analysis focuses on the subset of sexually experienced young women with only one reported lifetime sex partner (n = 1708)...
  11. ncbi request reprint Increased risk of chlamydial and gonococcal infection in adolescent sex workers in Madagascar
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:475-8. 2007
    ..To examine and compare young sex workers' risk of acquisition of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) with the risk among their older counterparts...
  12. ncbi request reprint Highly efficient HIV transmission to young women in South Africa
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    AIDS 21:861-5. 2007
    ..Such findings have led to hypotheses that the probability of HIV transmission from men to women must be far higher than previously appreciated...
  13. ncbi request reprint Challenge of evaluating a national HIV prevention programme: the case of loveLife, South Africa
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, CB 7435, McGavran Greenberg Building, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 83:i70-74. 2007
    ....
  14. doi request reprint Early coital debut and associated HIV risk factors among young women and men in South Africa
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health 35:82-90. 2009
    ..Young people in South Africa are at high risk of HIV infection. Because first sexual experiences may influence a young person's HIV risk, a better understanding of coital debut is needed...
  15. pmc Use of injectable progestin contraception and risk of STI among South African women
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Contraception 80:555-60. 2009
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint A community-based study to examine the effect of a youth HIV prevention intervention on young people aged 15-24 in South Africa: results of the baseline survey
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Reproductive Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gyneacology, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 10:971-80. 2005
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Young people's sexual health in South Africa: HIV prevalence and sexual behaviors from a nationally representative household survey
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Reproductive Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    AIDS 19:1525-34. 2005
    ..To determine the prevalence of HIV infection, HIV risk factors, and exposure to national HIV prevention programs, and to identify factors associated with HIV infection among South African youth, aged 15-24 years...
  18. doi request reprint Factors associated with HIV testing among public sector clinic attendees in Johannesburg, South Africa
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:913-21. 2010
    ..87; 95% CI: 1.20-6.86). Promotion of and increased access to couples HIV testing should be made available within the South African context...
  19. pmc Predicting partner HIV testing and counseling following a partner notification intervention
    Lillian B Brown
    Department of Epidemiology, CB 7435, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:1148-55. 2012
    ..A risk score to target partner notification can reduce the resources required to locate all partners in the community while increasing the testing yield compared to patient-referral...
  20. pmc Loss to follow-up before and after delivery among women testing HIV positive during pregnancy in Johannesburg, South Africa
    Kate Clouse
    Health Economics and Epidemiology Research Office, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 18:451-60. 2013
    ..HIV-positive pregnant women are at heightened risk of becoming lost to follow-up (LTFU) from HIV care. We examined LTFU before and after delivery among pregnant women newly diagnosed with HIV...
  21. doi request reprint Unmet need for contraception among sex workers in Madagascar
    Maria R Khan
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Contraception 79:221-7. 2009
    ..The study was conducted to investigate past and future pregnancy preferences and contraceptive need among Malagasy sex workers...
  22. ncbi request reprint Association between knowing someone who died of AIDS and behavior change among South African youth
    Rakhee Palekar
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:903-12. 2008
    ....
  23. doi request reprint Consistent condom use in South African youth's most recent sexual relationships
    Witness Moyo
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, University of Witwatersrand, Soweto P O Bertsham, Johannesburg, 2013, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 12:431-40. 2008
    ..HIV interventions should empower youth to talk about using condoms with their partners, encourage periodic testing for HIV, and reinforce condom use according to HIV status in long-term relationships...
  24. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of adding bed net distribution for malaria prevention to antenatal services in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Sylvia I Becker-Dreps
    Department of Family Medicine and Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7595, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:496-502. 2009
    ..95-$1,085.89). If resources were constrained, the greatest benefit would be among women in their first through fourth pregnancies. Thus, ITN distribution is a cost-effective addition to antenatal services...
  25. pmc HIV partner notification is effective and feasible in sub-Saharan Africa: opportunities for HIV treatment and prevention
    Lillian B Brown
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 56:437-42. 2011
    ..However, many African countries do not have a standardized protocol for partner notification, and the effectiveness of partner notification has not been evaluated in developing countries ...
  26. doi request reprint Vaginal microbicide and diaphragm use for sexually transmitted infection prevention: a randomized acceptability and feasibility study among high-risk women in Madagascar
    Frieda M Behets
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7435, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:818-26. 2008
    ....
  27. pmc Initiating antiretroviral therapy when presenting with higher CD4 cell counts results in reduced loss to follow-up in a resource-limited setting
    Kate Clouse
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    AIDS 27:645-50. 2013
    ..Mortality and morbidity are known to be reduced when initiating at higher CD4 levels; we explored the impact on patient loss to follow-up...
  28. ncbi request reprint Predictors of dual method use for pregnancy and HIV prevention among adolescent South African women
    Catherine MacPhail
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, PO Bertsham 2013, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Contraception 75:383-9. 2007
    ..Dual contraceptive method use is advocated for adolescent women to prevent pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases and HIV...
  29. ncbi request reprint "You must do the test to know your status": attitudes to HIV voluntary counseling and testing for adolescents among South African youth and parents
    Catherine Lorne MacPhail
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Health Educ Behav 35:87-104. 2008
    ..Discussions highlighted the inappropriateness of clinical facilities for youth VCT. We conclude with recommendations for youth-friendly VCT services...
  30. pmc HIV risk behaviors in sub-Saharan Africa and Northern Thailand: baseline behavioral data from Project Accept
    Becky L Genberg
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:309-19. 2008
    ....
  31. pmc Sexual power and HIV risk, South Africa
    Audrey E Pettifor
    University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:1996-2004. 2004
    ..77 times more likely to use condoms inconsistently (95% CI 1.86-17.91). Inconsistent condom use was, in turn, significantly associated with HIV infection (adjusted odds ratio 1.58, 95% CI 1.10-2.27)...
  32. doi request reprint Assessing the effect of HIV counselling and testing on HIV acquisition among South African youth
    Nora E Rosenberg
    aDepartment of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA bAfrica Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa cDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology dGlobal Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina eDepartment of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts fDepartment of Medicine, School of Medicine gDepartment of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA hAcademic Unit of Human Development and Health, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    AIDS 27:2765-73. 2013
    ..HIV counselling and testing (HCT) is designed to promote HIV prevention. However the impact of HCT on HIV acquisition has never been assessed among youth. We assess the impact of HCT on HIV acquisition among South African youth...
  33. doi request reprint Feasibility and acceptability of Project Connect: a couples-based HIV-risk reduction intervention among young couples in Johannesburg, South Africa
    Audrey Pettifor
    a Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    AIDS Care 26:476-82. 2014
    ..However, the number of sessions and strict eligibility criteria proved challenging to the feasibility of the study. We recommend future couples' interventions have fewer sessions and enroll couples with a history of IPV. ..
  34. doi request reprint Factors associated with substance use among orphaned and non-orphaned youth in South Africa
    Susanne Meghdadpour
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of NC, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Adolesc 35:1329-40. 2012
    ..Findings confirm that some sub-groups of orphaned youth are at increased risk of substance use and families and communities may be influential in moderating this risky behavior...
  35. pmc Sexual violence and reproductive health outcomes among South African female youths: a contextual analysis
    Ilene S Speizer
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, CB 8120, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8120
    Am J Public Health 99:S425-31. 2009
    ..We studied whether female youths from communities with higher sexual violence were at greater risk of negative reproductive health outcomes...
  36. doi request reprint Predictors of adherent use of diaphragms and microbicide gel in a four-arm, randomized pilot study among female sex workers in Madagascar
    Abigail Norris Turner
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7435, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 36:249-57. 2009
    ..Participants' protocol adherence may influence assessments of the effectiveness of new female-controlled methods for sexually transmitted infection prevention...
  37. pmc Rethinking the heterosexual infectivity of HIV-1: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Kimberly A Powers
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:553-63. 2008
    ..001 was estimated among stable couples with low prevalences of high-risk cofactors, and represents a lower bound. Cofactor effects are important to include in epidemic models, policy considerations, and prevention messages...
  38. pmc Acceptability and feasibility of cash transfers for HIV prevention among adolescent South African women
    Catherine MacPhail
    Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute WRHI, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 17:2301-12. 2013
    ..We address some of the changes necessary to ensure acceptability and feasibility of the main trial. ..
  39. pmc Detection of acute HIV infection: a field evaluation of the determine® HIV-1/2 Ag/Ab combo test
    Nora E Rosenberg
    Departments of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599, USA
    J Infect Dis 205:528-34. 2012
    ..In the absence of antibodies, p24 antigen and RNA typically indicate acute HIV infection. We conducted a field evaluation of the Determine® HIV-1/2 Ag/Ab Combo rapid test (Combo RT)...
  40. pmc Glen or Glenda: reported gender of sex partners in two statewide HIV databases
    Elizabeth A Torrone
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:525-30. 2010
    ..We assessed agreement of reported gender of sex partners in 2 statewide HIV databases linked by client identifiers...
  41. pmc Association between cervical dysplasia and human papillomavirus in HIV seropositive women from Johannesburg South Africa
    Cynthia Firnhaber
    Department of Medicine, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Cancer Causes Control 21:433-43. 2010
    ..To examine the association between CD4 counts, HPV infection and the risk of cervical neoplasia among HIV-seropositive women...
  42. pmc Risk behavior disclosure during HIV test counseling
    Elizabeth Ann Torrone
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 24:551-61. 2010
    ..Modifications to the risk assessment process, including better explaining the role of the risk assessment in prevention counseling, may increase the validity of the data...
  43. pmc The impact of a national poverty reduction program on the characteristics of sex partners among Kenyan adolescents
    Molly Rosenberg
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA
    AIDS Behav 18:311-6. 2014
    ..Results highlight the importance of context in exploring the potential HIV preventive effects of cash transfers. ..
  44. doi request reprint Hormonal contraception and HIV: the methods have confused the message
    Sheree R Schwartz
    aDivision of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine bDepartment of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health cDivision of Women s Primary Healthcare, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    AIDS 27:S45-53. 2013
    ..To examine different scenarios through which confounding by condom use may lead to inaccurate conclusions about the effect of hormonal contraception on HIV acquisition in women...
  45. ncbi request reprint Early age of first sex: a risk factor for HIV infection among women in Zimbabwe
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    AIDS 18:1435-42. 2004
    ..To explore the relationship between early age of coital debut (15 years of age or younger) and risk for HIV infection among sexually active urbanized Zimbabwean women...

Research Grants3