Mark B Parshall
Affiliation: University of New Mexico
- Validation of a three-factor measurement model of dyspnea in hospitalized adults with heart failureMark B Parshall
College of Nursing, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
Heart Lung 41:44-56. 2012..The purpose of this study was to validate a 3-factor measurement model of dyspnea sensory quality (WORK-EFFORT, TIGHTNESS, SMOTHERING-AIR HUNGER) originally derived in patients with exacerbated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...