M Pai

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi Systematic reviews and meta-analyses: an illustrated, step-by-step guide
    Madhukar Pai
    Berkeley Systematic Reviews Group, Division of Epidemiology, University of California at Berkeley, 140 Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Natl Med J India 17:86-95. 2004
  2. pmc Bacteriophage- based tests for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in clinical specimens: a systematic review and meta- analysis
    Shriprakash Kalantri
    University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health, 140, Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 5:59. 2005
  3. pmc A commercial line probe assay for the rapid detection of rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Maureen Morgan
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 5:62. 2005
  4. ncbi Alternatives to the tuberculin skin test: interferon-gamma assays in the diagnosis of mycobacterium tuberculosis infection
    M Pai
    Division of Epidemiology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, and Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Indian J Med Microbiol 23:151-8. 2005
  5. ncbi New tools and emerging technologies for the diagnosis of tuberculosis: part I. Latent tuberculosis
    Madhukar Pai
    University of California, Berkeley and San Francisco, Berkeley Division of Epidemiology, 140, Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Expert Rev Mol Diagn 6:413-22. 2006
  6. ncbi Bacteriophage-based assays for the rapid detection of rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: a meta-analysis
    Madhukar Pai
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, 140, Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    J Infect 51:175-87. 2005
  7. ncbi Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in health care workers in rural India: comparison of a whole-blood interferon gamma assay with tuberculin skin testing
    Madhukar Pai
    Department of Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, India
    JAMA 293:2746-55. 2005
  8. ncbi New tools and emerging technologies for the diagnosis of tuberculosis: part II. Active tuberculosis and drug resistance
    Madhukar Pai
    University of California, Berkeley and San Francisco, Berkeley Division of Epidemiology, 140, Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Expert Rev Mol Diagn 6:423-32. 2006
  9. ncbi Interferon-gamma assays in the immunodiagnosis of tuberculosis: a systematic review
    Madhukar Pai
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 4:761-76. 2004
  10. pmc Persistently elevated T cell interferon-gamma responses after treatment for latent tuberculosis infection among health care workers in India: a preliminary report
    Madhukar Pai
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, USA
    J Occup Med Toxicol 1:7. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications71

  1. ncbi Systematic reviews and meta-analyses: an illustrated, step-by-step guide
    Madhukar Pai
    Berkeley Systematic Reviews Group, Division of Epidemiology, University of California at Berkeley, 140 Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Natl Med J India 17:86-95. 2004
    ..We hope that it will enable clinicians to conduct systematic reviews, generate high-quality evidence, and contribute to the evidence-based medicine movement...
  2. pmc Bacteriophage- based tests for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in clinical specimens: a systematic review and meta- analysis
    Shriprakash Kalantri
    University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health, 140, Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 5:59. 2005
    ..However, the test lacks sensitivity. Although bacteriophage-based tests for tuberculosis have shown promising results, their overall accuracy has not been systematically evaluated...
  3. pmc A commercial line probe assay for the rapid detection of rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Maureen Morgan
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 5:62. 2005
    ..The INNO-LiPA Rif. TB (LiPA) is a commercial line probe assay designed to rapidly detect rifampicin resistance, a marker of MDR-TB. Although LiPA has shown promising results, its overall accuracy has not been systematically evaluated...
  4. ncbi Alternatives to the tuberculin skin test: interferon-gamma assays in the diagnosis of mycobacterium tuberculosis infection
    M Pai
    Division of Epidemiology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, and Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Indian J Med Microbiol 23:151-8. 2005
    ..To fully evaluate the utility of IFN-gamma assays in high burden countries such as India, long-term cohort studies are needed to determine the association between positive IFN-gamma results and the subsequent risk of active disease...
  5. ncbi New tools and emerging technologies for the diagnosis of tuberculosis: part I. Latent tuberculosis
    Madhukar Pai
    University of California, Berkeley and San Francisco, Berkeley Division of Epidemiology, 140, Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Expert Rev Mol Diagn 6:413-22. 2006
    ..The review concludes by highlighting areas where evidence is lacking, and provides an agenda for future research. Active TB and drug resistance are discussed in Part II; 423-432 of this issue...
  6. ncbi Bacteriophage-based assays for the rapid detection of rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: a meta-analysis
    Madhukar Pai
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, 140, Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    J Infect 51:175-87. 2005
    ..To summarize, using meta-analysis, the accuracy of bacteriophage-based assays for the detection of rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
  7. ncbi Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in health care workers in rural India: comparison of a whole-blood interferon gamma assay with tuberculin skin testing
    Madhukar Pai
    Department of Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, India
    JAMA 293:2746-55. 2005
    ..Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in health care workers has not been adequately studied in developing countries using newer diagnostic tests...
  8. ncbi New tools and emerging technologies for the diagnosis of tuberculosis: part II. Active tuberculosis and drug resistance
    Madhukar Pai
    University of California, Berkeley and San Francisco, Berkeley Division of Epidemiology, 140, Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Expert Rev Mol Diagn 6:423-32. 2006
    ..Latent TB is discussed in Part I; 413-422 of this issue...
  9. ncbi Interferon-gamma assays in the immunodiagnosis of tuberculosis: a systematic review
    Madhukar Pai
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 4:761-76. 2004
    ..Whether this potential can be realised in practice remains to be confirmed in well designed, long-term studies...
  10. pmc Persistently elevated T cell interferon-gamma responses after treatment for latent tuberculosis infection among health care workers in India: a preliminary report
    Madhukar Pai
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, USA
    J Occup Med Toxicol 1:7. 2006
    ..Specifically, research is needed to study T cell kinetics during LTBI treatment, and determine the effect of recurrent exposures on host cellular immune responses...
  11. pmc Nucleic acid amplification tests in the diagnosis of tuberculous pleuritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Madhukar Pai
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health University of California, Berkeley 140, Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 4:6. 2004
    ..We conducted a systematic review to determine the accuracy of nucleic acid amplification (NAA) tests in the diagnosis of tuberculous pleuritis...
  12. pmc Systematic review and meta-analysis of antigen detection tests for the diagnosis of tuberculosis
    L L Flores
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 18:1616-27. 2011
    ..Considering that antigen detection tests could be translated into rapid point-of-care tests, research to improve their performance is urgently needed...
  13. ncbi Clinical trials in India sponsored by the pharmaceutical industry: a proposal for reforms
    Madhukar Pai
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, 94720, USA
    Natl Med J India 15:93-6. 2002
  14. pmc Prevalence of abnormal radiological findings in health care workers with latent tuberculosis infection and correlations with T cell immune response
    Rajnish Joshi
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America Department of Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Maharashtra, India
    PLoS ONE 2:e805. 2007
    ..We determined radiological lesions in a cohort of HCWs with latent TB infection (LTBI) in India, and determined their association with demographic, occupational and T-cell immune response variables...
  15. pmc Serial testing of health care workers for tuberculosis using interferon-gamma assay
    Madhukar Pai
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 174:349-55. 2006
    ..Although interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) assays are promising alternatives to the tuberculin skin test (TST), their serial testing performance is unknown...
  16. pmc Blinded evaluation of commercial urinary lipoarabinomannan for active tuberculosis: a pilot study
    P Daley
    Department of Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:989-95. 2009
    ..Urine antigen testing is an attractive strategy for the diagnosis of active tuberculosis (TB), but accuracy data are scarce...
  17. pmc Does bleach processing increase the accuracy of sputum smear microscopy for diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis?
    A Cattamanchi
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 48:2433-9. 2010
    ..Further research should focus on alternative approaches to optimizing smear microscopy, such as light-emitting diode fluorescence microscopy and same-day sputum collection strategies...
  18. pmc Tuberculosis among health-care workers in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
    Rajnish Joshi
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America
    PLoS Med 3:e494. 2006
    ..Most health-care facilities in these countries lack resources to prevent nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis (TB)...
  19. ncbi Comparison of a whole blood interferon-gamma assay with tuberculin skin testing for the detection of tuberculosis infection in hospitalized children in rural India
    Sandeep Dogra
    Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram 442102, India
    J Infect 54:267-76. 2007
    ..Because few studies have been done in high incidence countries, and because paediatric data are limited, we compared a whole-blood IFN-gamma assay with TST among hospitalized Indian children...
  20. pmc Commercial serological antibody detection tests for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis: a systematic review
    Karen R Steingart
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e202. 2007
    ..Currently, dozens of distinct commercial antibody detection tests are sold in developing countries. The question is "do they work?"..
  21. pmc Commercial nucleic-acid amplification tests for diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in respiratory specimens: meta-analysis and meta-regression
    Daphne I Ling
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e1536. 2008
    ..We performed a meta-analysis on the accuracy of commercial NAATs to diagnose pulmonary TB and meta-regression to identify factors that are associated with higher accuracy...
  22. pmc Advances in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis
    Payam Nahid
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, 1001 Potrero Avenue, Room 5K1, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Proc Am Thorac Soc 3:103-10. 2006
    ....
  23. ncbi International Standards for Tuberculosis Care: revisiting the cornerstones of tuberculosis care and control
    Elizabeth Fair
    University of California, Francis J Curry National Tuberculosis Center, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 5:61-5. 2007
    ....
  24. doi Guidelines on interferon-γ release assays for tuberculosis infection: concordance, discordance or confusion?
    C M Denkinger
    Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
    Clin Microbiol Infect 17:806-14. 2011
    ..Future IGRA guidelines must aim to be transparent, evidence-based, periodically updated, and free of financial conflicts and industry involvement...
  25. ncbi Sputum processing methods to improve the sensitivity of smear microscopy for tuberculosis: a systematic review
    Karen R Steingart
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 6:664-74. 2006
    ..Operational studies are needed to determine whether the increased sensitivity provided by processing methods is sufficient to offset their increased cost, complexity, and potential biohazards, and to examine their feasibility...
  26. ncbi International standards for tuberculosis care
    Philip C Hopewell
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 6:710-25. 2006
    ....
  27. ncbi Accuracy of perception and touch for detecting fever in adults: a hospital-based study from a rural, tertiary hospital in Central India
    Manoj Singh
    Department of Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, India
    Trop Med Int Health 8:408-14. 2003
    ..To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the patient's perception, and of the touch of patient attendants and a doctor for detecting fever...
  28. pmc A systematic review of commercial serological antibody detection tests for the diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis
    Karen R Steingart
    Division pf Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, USA
    Thorax 62:911-8. 2007
    ..At present, commercial antibody detection tests for extrapulmonary tuberculosis have no role in clinical care or case detection...
  29. ncbi Poor accuracy of the Siriraj and Guy's hospital stroke scores in distinguishing haemorrhagic from ischaemic stroke in a rural, tertiary care hospital
    Priya Badam
    Department of Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Wardha 442102, Maharashtra, India
    Natl Med J India 16:8-12. 2003
    ..We evaluated the accuracy of the Guy's hospital and Siriraj stroke scores in distinguishing haemorrhagic from ischaemic stroke in a rural setting...
  30. ncbi Accuracy and reliability of physical signs in the diagnosis of pleural effusion
    Shriprakash Kalantri
    Department of Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram 442101, India
    Respir Med 101:431-8. 2007
    ..23-38.70). For the final multivariate model, the area under receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was 0.88. In conclusion, our data suggest that physical signs may be helpful to rule out but not rule in pleural effusion...
  31. ncbi Diagnostic accuracy of nucleic acid amplification tests for tuberculous meningitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Madhukar Pai
    Division of Epidemiology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 3:633-43. 2003
    ..On current evidence, commercial NAA tests show a potential role in confirming tuberculous meningitis diagnosis, although their overall low sensitivity precludes the use of these tests to rule out tuberculous meningitis with certainty...
  32. ncbi Simple clinical predictors of brain lesions in patients with impaired consciousness: a cross sectional study from a rural, tertiary hospital in central India
    Y Geetadevi
    Department of Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Wardha, India
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 108:25-31. 2005
    ..To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of vital signs for detecting brain lesions in patients with impaired consciousness in a rural setting...
  33. doi Tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection in close contacts of people with pulmonary tuberculosis in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Janina Morrison
    Francis J Curry National Tuberculosis Center, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94110, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:359-68. 2008
    ..These results suggest that contact investigation merits serious consideration as a means to improve early case detection and decrease transmission of M tuberculosis in high-incidence areas...
  34. ncbi Risk factors for acute myocardial infarction in a rural population of central India: a hospital-based case-control study
    Samir S Patil
    Department of Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Wardha 442102, Maharashtra, India
    Natl Med J India 17:189-94. 2004
    ..We conducted a prospective case-control study to determine the risk factors for acute myocardial infarction in a rural population of central India...
  35. ncbi Accuracy and reliability of palpation and percussion for detecting hepatomegaly: a rural hospital-based study
    Rajnish Joshi
    Division of Epidemiology, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Indian J Gastroenterol 23:171-4. 2004
    ..We compared the accuracy of palpation and percussion in a rural population in central India, using ultrasonography as a reference standard...
  36. pmc Performance of purified antigens for serodiagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis: a meta-analysis
    Karen R Steingart
    Francis J Curry National Tuberculosis Center, University of California, San Francisco, 3180 18th Street, Suite 101, San Francisco, CA 94110 2028, USA
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 16:260-76. 2009
    ..The use of a case-control design with healthy controls for the majority of studies was a limitation of the review. Efforts are needed to improve the methodological quality of tuberculosis diagnostic studies...
  37. pmc In-house nucleic acid amplification tests for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum specimens: meta-analysis and meta-regression
    Laura L Flores
    Divisions of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    BMC Microbiol 5:55. 2005
    ..Here, we used meta-analytical methods, including meta-regression, to identify factors related to study design and assay protocols that affect test accuracy in order to identify those factors associated with high estimates of accuracy...
  38. pmc T-cell assays for tuberculosis infection: deriving cut-offs for conversions using reproducibility data
    Anandharaman Veerapathran
    Department of Biochemistry, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Maharashtra, India
    PLoS ONE 3:e1850. 2008
    ..A logical start is to determine the within-person variability of T-cell responses during serial testing...
  39. pmc A pilot study of short-duration sputum pretreatment procedures for optimizing smear microscopy for tuberculosis
    Peter Daley
    Department of Medicine, Christian Medical College Vellore, Vellore, India
    PLoS ONE 4:e5626. 2009
    ..We did a pilot study to compare the diagnostic accuracy and incremental yield of two short-duration (<1 hour) sputum pretreatment procedures to optimize direct smears among patients with suspected TB at a referral hospital in India...
  40. ncbi Fluorescence versus conventional sputum smear microscopy for tuberculosis: a systematic review
    Karen R Steingart
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 6:570-81. 2006
    ....
  41. ncbi Tuberculosis, vulnerability, and access to quality care
    Philip C Hopewell
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Francis J Curry National Tuberculosis Center, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    JAMA 293:2790-3. 2005
  42. pmc A systematic review of commercial serological antibody detection tests for the diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis
    Karen R Steingart
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, and Francis J Curry National Tuberculosis Center, San Francisco, California, USA
    Postgrad Med J 83:705-12. 2007
    ..At present, commercial antibody detection tests for extrapulmonary tuberculosis have no role in clinical care or case detection...
  43. ncbi Chloroquine or amodiaquine combined with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for uncomplicated malaria: a systematic review
    Jimee Hwang
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 11:789-99. 2006
    ..To compare the efficacies against uncomplicated falciparum malaria of chloroquine (CQ), amodiaquine (AQ), sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) and combinations of these inexpensive drugs...
  44. ncbi Risk of tuberculosis from exposure to tobacco smoke: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Michael N Bates
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:335-42. 2007
    ..There is no consensus whether tobacco smoking increases risk of tuberculosis (TB) infection, disease, or mortality. Whether this is so has substantial implications for tobacco and TB control policies...
  45. ncbi The socio-cultural challenge in public health interventions: the case of tuberculosis in India
    Bilkis Vissandjee
    School of Nursing, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Int J Public Health 52:199-201. 2007
  46. ncbi Rapid diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis using nucleic acid amplification tests: what is the evidence?
    Madhukar Pai
    Future Microbiol 3:1-4. 2008
  47. ncbi Tuberculosis diagnostics trials: do they lack methodological rigor?
    Madhukar Pai
    Expert Rev Mol Diagn 6:509-14. 2006
  48. pmc Impact of round-the-clock, rapid oral fluid HIV testing of women in labor in rural India
    Nitika Pant Pai
    Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunodeficiency Service, Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Canada
    PLoS Med 5:e92. 2008
    ..In this context, we investigated the impact of introducing round-the-clock, rapid, point-of-care HIV testing and counseling in a busy labor ward at a tertiary care hospital in rural India...
  49. pmc Systematic review: T-cell-based assays for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection: an update
    Madhukar Pai
    McGill University and Montreal Chest Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ann Intern Med 149:177-84. 2008
    ..A recent meta-analysis showed that IGRAs have high specificity, even among populations that have received bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination. Sensitivity was suboptimal for TST and IGRAs...
  50. ncbi Interferon-gamma release assays: what is their role in the diagnosis of active tuberculosis?
    Madhukar Pai
    Clin Infect Dis 44:74-7. 2007
  51. pmc Evidence-based tuberculosis diagnosis
    Madhukar Pai
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    PLoS Med 5:e156. 2008
  52. doi New diagnostics for latent and active tuberculosis: state of the art and future prospects
    Madhukar Pai
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Semin Respir Crit Care Med 29:560-8. 2008
    ....
  53. ncbi The accuracy and reliability of nucleic acid amplification tests in the diagnosis of tuberculosis
    Madhukar Pai
    Natl Med J India 17:233-6. 2004
  54. ncbi Meta-analysis: new tests for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection: areas of uncertainty and recommendations for research
    Dick Menzies
    McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ann Intern Med 146:340-54. 2007
    ..Until recently, the tuberculin skin test was the only test for detecting latent tuberculosis (TB) infection, but 2 ex vivo interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) are now commercially licensed...
  55. pmc Nosocomial tuberculosis in India
    Madhukar Pai
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1311-8. 2006
    ..Finally, we outline the critical information needed to effectively address the problem of nosocomial transmission of TB in India...
  56. ncbi The new IGRA and the old TST: making good use of disagreement
    Madhukar Pai
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 175:529-31. 2007
  57. ncbi The prognosis of latent tuberculosis: can disease be predicted?
    Peter Andersen
    Statens Serum Institut, Department of Infectious Disease Immunology, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Trends Mol Med 13:175-82. 2007
    ..This might provide an unprecedented advantage for TB control, namely targeted preventive therapy for individuals who are most at risk of developing active contagious TB...
  58. ncbi T-cell assays for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection: moving the research agenda forward
    Madhukar Pai
    McGill University, Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:428-38. 2007
    ..Ultimately, if adequately financed, the research findings will inform appropriate use of novel latent tuberculosis infection diagnostics in global tuberculosis control...
  59. ncbi Initial drug resistance and tuberculosis treatment outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Woojin Lew
    Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ann Intern Med 149:123-34. 2008
    ..Despite the increasing prevalence of drug-resistant tuberculosis, most low- and middle-income countries use standardized regimens, without assessment of drug susceptibility...
  60. ncbi Protecting healthcare workers from tuberculosis in the era of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis
    Madhukar Pai
    Natl Med J India 20:1-3. 2007
  61. pmc Serial testing for tuberculosis: can we make sense of T cell assay conversions and reversions?
    Madhukar Pai
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    PLoS Med 4:e208. 2007
  62. ncbi Are we providing quality care to our patients with tuberculosis ?
    Madhukar Pai
    Indian J Med Res 125:491-7. 2007
  63. ncbi Systematic reviews of diagnostic test evaluations: What's behind the scenes?
    Madhukar Pai
    ACP J Club 141:A11-3. 2004
  64. ncbi Commercial serological tests for the diagnosis of tuberculosis: do they work?
    Karen R Steingart
    Future Microbiol 2:355-9. 2007
  65. ncbi Meta-analysis of the impact of HIV on the infectiousness of tuberculosis: methodological concerns
    Madhukar Pai
    Clin Infect Dis 34:1285-7. 2002
  66. ncbi Interferon-gamma assays for tuberculosis: is anergy the Achilles' heel?
    Madhukar Pai
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 172:519-21. 2005
  67. pmc Recent advances in the diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis
    Ben J Marais
    Ukwanda Centre for Rural Health and the Department of paediatrics and Child Health, Desmond Tutu TB Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa
    Arch Dis Child 92:446-52. 2007
    ....
  68. ncbi Discordance between tuberculin skin test and interferon-gamma assays
    Madhukar Pai
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 10:942-3. 2006
  69. ncbi New approaches and emerging technologies in the diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis
    Ben J Marais
    Desmond Tutu TB Centre, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Cape Town, South Africa
    Paediatr Respir Rev 8:124-33. 2007
    ....
  70. ncbi Lethal interaction: the colliding epidemics of tobacco and tuberculosis
    Madhukar Pai
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 5:385-91. 2007
    ..Since tobacco control will have multiple health benefits, it is likely to be a highly cost-effective intervention from a societal perspective...
  71. ncbi Optimizing sputum smear microscopy for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis
    Karen R Steingart
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 5:327-31. 2007