H W Paerl

Summary

Affiliation: University of North Carolina
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Structure and function of anthropogenically altered microbial communities in coastal waters
    H W Paerl
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute of Marine Sciences, 3431 Arendell Street, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Curr Opin Microbiol 1:296-302. 1998
  2. ncbi request reprint Cyanobacterial-bacterial mat consortia: examining the functional unit of microbial survival and growth in extreme environments
    H W Paerl
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 28557, USA
    Environ Microbiol 2:11-26. 2000
  3. ncbi request reprint Bacterially mediated precipitation in marine stromatolites
    H W Paerl
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Morehead City 28557, USA
    Environ Microbiol 3:123-30. 2001
  4. pmc Ecosystem impacts of three sequential hurricanes (Dennis, Floyd, and Irene) on the United States' largest lagoonal estuary, Pamlico Sound, NC
    H W Paerl
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute of Marine Sciences, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:5655-60. 2001
  5. ncbi request reprint Harmful freshwater algal blooms, with an emphasis on cyanobacteria
    H W Paerl
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    ScientificWorldJournal 1:76-113. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint Hypersaline cyanobacterial mats as indicators of elevated tropical hurricane activity and associated climate change
    Hans W Paerl
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute of Marine Sciences, Morehead City 28557, USA
    Ambio 32:87-90. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Salinity effects on growth, photosynthetic parameters, and nitrogenase activity in estuarine planktonic cyanobacteria
    P H Moisander
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute of Marine Sciences, 3431 Arendell Street, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Microb Ecol 43:432-442. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Nitrogenase activity and nifH expression in a marine intertidal microbial mat
    T F Steppe
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 3431 Arendell Street, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Microb Ecol 49:315-24. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Effects of salinity and light on organic carbon and nitrogen uptake in a hypersaline microbial mat
    Anthony C Yannarell
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Morehead City, NC, USA
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 62:345-53. 2007
  10. doi request reprint Climate. Blooms like it hot
    Hans W Paerl
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Science 320:57-8. 2008

Detail Information

Publications25

  1. ncbi request reprint Structure and function of anthropogenically altered microbial communities in coastal waters
    H W Paerl
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute of Marine Sciences, 3431 Arendell Street, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Curr Opin Microbiol 1:296-302. 1998
    ..Biogeochemical and trophic consequences are expanding on local, regional and global scales...
  2. ncbi request reprint Cyanobacterial-bacterial mat consortia: examining the functional unit of microbial survival and growth in extreme environments
    H W Paerl
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 28557, USA
    Environ Microbiol 2:11-26. 2000
    ..Consortia are ideal model systems for developing a process-based understanding of the structural and functional requirements for life in extreme environments representative of the Earth's earliest biosphere and possibly other planets...
  3. ncbi request reprint Bacterially mediated precipitation in marine stromatolites
    H W Paerl
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Morehead City 28557, USA
    Environ Microbiol 3:123-30. 2001
    ..Therefore, autotrophic production indirectly controls microbially mediated precipitation and stromatolite formation in these shallow marine environments...
  4. pmc Ecosystem impacts of three sequential hurricanes (Dennis, Floyd, and Irene) on the United States' largest lagoonal estuary, Pamlico Sound, NC
    H W Paerl
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute of Marine Sciences, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:5655-60. 2001
    ..A predicted increase in the frequency of hurricane activity over the next few decades may cause longer-term biogeochemical and trophic changes in this and other estuarine and coastal habitats...
  5. ncbi request reprint Harmful freshwater algal blooms, with an emphasis on cyanobacteria
    H W Paerl
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    ScientificWorldJournal 1:76-113. 2001
    ..Implications of various management strategies, based on combined ecophysiological and environmental considerations, are discussed...
  6. ncbi request reprint Hypersaline cyanobacterial mats as indicators of elevated tropical hurricane activity and associated climate change
    Hans W Paerl
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute of Marine Sciences, Morehead City 28557, USA
    Ambio 32:87-90. 2003
    ..Cyanobacterial mats are sensitive short- and long-term indicators of climatic and ecological changes impacting these and other waterstressed environments...
  7. ncbi request reprint Salinity effects on growth, photosynthetic parameters, and nitrogenase activity in estuarine planktonic cyanobacteria
    P H Moisander
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute of Marine Sciences, 3431 Arendell Street, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Microb Ecol 43:432-442. 2002
    ..The study suggested that direct effect of salinity (as NaCl in these experiments) on cyanobacterial physiology does not alone explain the low frequency and magnitude of blooms of N2-fixing cyanobacteria in estuaries...
  8. ncbi request reprint Nitrogenase activity and nifH expression in a marine intertidal microbial mat
    T F Steppe
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 3431 Arendell Street, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Microb Ecol 49:315-24. 2005
    ..The role of microbial diversity in the N(2) fixation dynamics of these mats is discussed...
  9. ncbi request reprint Effects of salinity and light on organic carbon and nitrogen uptake in a hypersaline microbial mat
    Anthony C Yannarell
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Morehead City, NC, USA
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 62:345-53. 2007
    ..These patterns of activity suggest that Salt Pond microorganisms are engaged in resource partitioning, and DOM utilization may provide a metabolic boost to both heterotrophs and photoautrophs during periods of lowered salinity...
  10. doi request reprint Climate. Blooms like it hot
    Hans W Paerl
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Science 320:57-8. 2008
  11. doi request reprint Controlling harmful cyanobacterial blooms in a hyper-eutrophic lake (Lake Taihu, China): the need for a dual nutrient (N & P) management strategy
    Hans W Paerl
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute of Marine Sciences, 3431 Arendell Street, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Water Res 45:1973-83. 2011
    ..Denitrification did not relieve the lake of excessive N inputs. Results point to the need to reduce both N and P inputs for long-term eutrophication and cyanobacterial bloom control in this hyper-eutrophic system...
  12. doi request reprint Controlling harmful cyanobacterial blooms in a world experiencing anthropogenic and climatic-induced change
    Hans W Paerl
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 3431 Arendell Street, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Sci Total Environ 409:1739-45. 2011
    ..Effective future CyanoHAB management approaches must incorporate both N and P loading dynamics within the context of altered thermal and hydrologic regimes associated with climate change...
  13. ncbi request reprint Disturbance and recovery of microbial community structure and function following Hurricane Frances
    Anthony C Yannarell
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 3431 Arendell Street, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Environ Microbiol 9:576-83. 2007
    ..The post-hurricane dominance of organisms that had been previously rare suggests that pre-hurricane diversity and functional redundancy contributed to the rapid recovery of ecosystem function in the post-disturbance environment...
  14. pmc Genetic variance in the composition of two functional groups (diazotrophs and cyanobacteria) from a hypersaline microbial mat
    Anthony C Yannarell
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill s Institute of Marine Sciences, Morehead City, North Carolina 28557, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:1207-17. 2006
    ....
  15. pmc Morphological and genetic evidence that the cyanobacterium Lyngbya wollei (Farlow ex Gomont) Speziale and Dyck encompasses at least two species
    Jennifer J Joyner
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 3431 Arendell Street, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:3710-7. 2008
    ..This study emphasizes the need to complement traditional identification with molecular characterization to more definitively detect and characterize harmful cyanobacterial species or strains...
  16. ncbi request reprint Assessing the effects of nutrient management in an estuary experiencing climatic change: the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina
    Hans W Paerl
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 3431 Arendell Street, Morehead City, North Carolina 28557, USA
    Environ Manage 37:422-36. 2006
    ..To control eutrophication along the hydrologically variable freshwater-marine continuum, N and P reductions should be applied adaptively to reflect point-source-dominated drought and non-point-source-dominated flood conditions...
  17. ncbi request reprint Solving problems resulting from solutions: evolution of a dual nutrient management strategy for the eutrophying Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina
    Hans W Paerl
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute of Marine Sciences, Morehead City, North Carolina 28557, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 38:3068-73. 2004
    ..g., hurricanes, floods, droughts) when formulating long-term controls of estuarine eutrophication...
  18. ncbi request reprint Scaling up: the next challenge in environmental microbiology
    Hans W Paerl
    University of North Carolina, Institute of Marine Sciences, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Environ Microbiol 5:1025-38. 2003
    ..We emphasize the importance of assessing ecological change over a range of relevant time scales that vary from minutes to millennia and spatial scales that range from microscale aggregates to ocean basins...
  19. ncbi request reprint Characterizing man-made and natural modifications of microbial diversity and activity in coastal ecosystems
    Hans W Paerl
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Morehead City 28557, USA
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 81:487-507. 2002
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Bacterioplanktonic abundance, productivity and petroleum hydrocarbon biodegradation in marinas and other coastal waters in North Carolina, USA
    Michael F Piehler
    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Institute of Marine Sciences, Morehead 28557, USA
    Mar Environ Res 54:157-68. 2002
    ..These data indicate that marinas may not profoundly after the bacterioplankton and that coastal waters often have resident bacterial communities capable of degrading petroleum hydrocarbon pollution...
  21. pmc Genetic characterization of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (cyanobacteria) isolates from diverse geographic origins based on nifH and cpcBA-IGS nucleotide sequence analysis
    Julianne Dyble
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Morehead City, North Carolina 28557, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:2567-71. 2002
    ..PCR primers for both genes were designed to exclusively amplify DNA from Cylindrospermopsis species, and an additional primer set for cpcBA-IGS was designed to specifically amplify the American C. raciborskii strains...
  22. ncbi request reprint Connecting atmospheric nitrogen deposition to coastal eutrophication
    Hans W Paerl
    University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Institute of Marine Sciences, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 36:323A-326A. 2002
  23. doi request reprint Spatiotemporal patterns and ecophysiology of toxigenic microcystis blooms in Lake Taihu, China: implications for water quality management
    T G Otten
    Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute of Marine Sciences, Morehead City, North Carolina 28557, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 46:3480-8. 2012
    ..On the basis of this study's findings, a framework for the design and implementation of a water safety plan for Taihu water quality managers and public health officials is proposed...
  24. ncbi request reprint Spatiotemporal variability of wet atmospheric nitrogen deposition to the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina
    D R Whitall
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute of Marine Sciences, Morehead City 28557, USA
    J Environ Qual 30:1508-15. 2001
    ..Based on a range of watershed N retention and in-stream riverine processing values, we estimate that this flux contributes approximately 24% of the total "new" N flux to the estuary...
  25. doi request reprint The new gold rush: fueling ethanol production while protecting water quality
    Thomas W Simpson
    Dep of Environmental Science and Technology, Univ of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Environ Qual 37:318-24. 2008
    ..There is a need to understand these impacts to help guide policy and help make programmatic and scientific decisions that avoid or mitigate unintended environmental consequences of biofuel production...