Nancy S Padian

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Predictors of incident herpes simplex virus type 2 infections in young women at risk for unintended pregnancy in San Francisco
    Nicholas J Moss
    STD Prevention and Control Services Dept, Public Health, San Francisco, California, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 7:113. 2007
  2. pmc Diaphragm and lubricant gel for prevention of HIV acquisition in southern African women: a randomised controlled trial
    Nancy S Padian
    University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Lancet 370:251-61. 2007
  3. pmc Acceptability and use of the diaphragm and Replens lubricant gel for HIV prevention in Southern Africa
    Elizabeth T Montgomery
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco Project Office, 114 Sansome Street, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:629-38. 2010
  4. doi request reprint Oral and injectable contraception use and risk of HIV acquisition among women in sub-Saharan Africa
    Sandra I McCoy
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, 1918 University Avenue, Suite 3B, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    AIDS 27:1001-9. 2013
  5. pmc Biomarker validation of reports of recent sexual activity: results of a randomized controlled study in Zimbabwe
    Alexandra M Minnis
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 170:918-24. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint A comparison of four condom-use measures in predicting pregnancy, cervical STI and HIV incidence among Zimbabwean women
    Alexandra M Minnis
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, California, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 86:231-5. 2010
  7. doi request reprint Improving the efficiency of HIV testing with peer recruitment, financial incentives, and the involvement of persons living with HIV infection
    Sandra I McCoy
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:e56-63. 2013
  8. doi request reprint An intergenerational women's empowerment intervention to mitigate domestic violence: results of a pilot study in Bengaluru, India
    Suneeta Krishnan
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA
    Violence Against Women 18:346-70. 2012
  9. ncbi request reprint Predictors of diaphragm use as a potential sexually transmitted disease/HIV prevention method in Zimbabwe
    Ariane van der Straten
    Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, 74 New Montgomery Street, Suite 400, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 32:64-71. 2005
  10. doi request reprint Findings from SHAZ!: a feasibility study of a microcredit and life-skills HIV prevention intervention to reduce risk among adolescent female orphans in Zimbabwe
    Megan S Dunbar
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 38:147-61. 2010

Detail Information

Publications46

  1. pmc Predictors of incident herpes simplex virus type 2 infections in young women at risk for unintended pregnancy in San Francisco
    Nicholas J Moss
    STD Prevention and Control Services Dept, Public Health, San Francisco, California, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 7:113. 2007
    ..Young women receiving family planning services are at risk for both unintended pregnancy and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection...
  2. pmc Diaphragm and lubricant gel for prevention of HIV acquisition in southern African women: a randomised controlled trial
    Nancy S Padian
    University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Lancet 370:251-61. 2007
    ..We assessed the effect of provision of latex diaphragm, lubricant gel, and condoms (intervention), compared with condoms alone (control) on HIV seroincidence in women in South Africa and Zimbabwe...
  3. pmc Acceptability and use of the diaphragm and Replens lubricant gel for HIV prevention in Southern Africa
    Elizabeth T Montgomery
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco Project Office, 114 Sansome Street, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:629-38. 2010
    ..Despite being female-initiated, disclosure of use to male partners and his perceived approval of the products were factors significantly associated with their consistent use...
  4. doi request reprint Oral and injectable contraception use and risk of HIV acquisition among women in sub-Saharan Africa
    Sandra I McCoy
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, 1918 University Avenue, Suite 3B, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    AIDS 27:1001-9. 2013
    ..To evaluate the effect of oral and injectable hormonal contraception on the risk of HIV acquisition among women in South Africa and Zimbabwe...
  5. pmc Biomarker validation of reports of recent sexual activity: results of a randomized controlled study in Zimbabwe
    Alexandra M Minnis
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 170:918-24. 2009
    ..Self-report was a poor predictor of recent sexual activity and condom use in this study, regardless of interview mode, providing evidence that such data should be interpreted cautiously...
  6. ncbi request reprint A comparison of four condom-use measures in predicting pregnancy, cervical STI and HIV incidence among Zimbabwean women
    Alexandra M Minnis
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, California, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 86:231-5. 2010
    ..To determine which condom-use measures best predict biological outcomes in STI/HIV-prevention research...
  7. doi request reprint Improving the efficiency of HIV testing with peer recruitment, financial incentives, and the involvement of persons living with HIV infection
    Sandra I McCoy
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:e56-63. 2013
    ..The authors piloted an HIV testing and counseling (HTC) approach using respondent-driven sampling (RDS), financial incentives, and persons living with HIV infection (PLHIV)...
  8. doi request reprint An intergenerational women's empowerment intervention to mitigate domestic violence: results of a pilot study in Bengaluru, India
    Suneeta Krishnan
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA
    Violence Against Women 18:346-70. 2012
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Predictors of diaphragm use as a potential sexually transmitted disease/HIV prevention method in Zimbabwe
    Ariane van der Straten
    Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, 74 New Montgomery Street, Suite 400, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 32:64-71. 2005
    ..Women who are the most vulnerable to sexually transmitted diseases/HIV are often unable to consistently use condoms. One potential alternative method currently under investigation is the diaphragm...
  10. doi request reprint Findings from SHAZ!: a feasibility study of a microcredit and life-skills HIV prevention intervention to reduce risk among adolescent female orphans in Zimbabwe
    Megan S Dunbar
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 38:147-61. 2010
    ..The results suggest that microcredit is not the best livelihood option to reduce risk among adolescent girls in this context...
  11. pmc Predictive ability and stability of adolescents' pregnancy intentions in a predominantly Latino community
    Corinne H Rocca
    Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 3333 California Street, Suite 335, UCSF Box 0744, San Francisco, CA 94143 0744, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 41:179-92. 2010
    ....
  12. pmc Pregnancy intentions and teenage pregnancy among Latinas: a mediation analysis
    Corinne H Rocca
    Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Perspect Sex Reprod Health 42:186-96. 2010
    ..The role of intentions may be particularly important among Latina teenagers, whose attitudes toward pregnancy are more favorable than those of other groups and whose pregnancy rates are high...
  13. doi request reprint Behavior change interventions to prevent HIV infection among women living in low and middle income countries: a systematic review
    Sandra I McCoy
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, 114 Sansome Street, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:469-82. 2010
    ..Ongoing research is needed to determine whether behavior change interventions can be incorporated as independent efficacious components in HIV prevention packages for women or simply as complements to biomedical prevention strategies...
  14. doi request reprint A trajectory analysis of alcohol and marijuana use among Latino adolescents in San Francisco, California
    Sandra I McCoy
    Institute of Business and Economic Research, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
    J Adolesc Health 47:564-74. 2010
    ..We examined alcohol and marijuana use trajectories among Latino adolescents in the San Francisco Bay Area...
  15. ncbi request reprint Early age of first sex: a risk factor for HIV infection among women in Zimbabwe
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    AIDS 18:1435-42. 2004
    ..To explore the relationship between early age of coital debut (15 years of age or younger) and risk for HIV infection among sexually active urbanized Zimbabwean women...
  16. pmc HIV prevention transformed: the new prevention research agenda
    Nancy S Padian
    Division of Epidemiology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Lancet 378:269-78. 2011
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Audio computer-assisted self-interviewing in reproductive health research: reliability assessment among women in Harare, Zimbabwe
    Alexandra M Minnis
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Women s Global Health Imperative and Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    Contraception 75:59-65. 2007
    ..This paper examines how audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI) influenced reports of hormonal contraceptive use and pregnancy among Zimbabwean women...
  18. ncbi request reprint Sexual partners and use of emergency contraception
    Cynthia C Harper
    Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco 94118, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 189:1093-9. 2003
    ..This study investigates the role of male sexual partners and relationships in determining whether women seek emergency contraception (EC) when needed...
  19. ncbi request reprint Determinants of contraceptive method among young women at risk for unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections
    Tina Raine
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Contraception 68:19-25. 2003
    ..Women appear to act in a rational fashion within their own social context and may use no methods at all or use methods that are less effective for pregnancy prevention but offer more protection from sexually transmitted infections...
  20. ncbi request reprint Barrier contraceptive method acceptability and choice are not reliable indicators of use
    Alexandra M Minnis
    Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco 94105, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 30:556-61. 2003
    ..The degree to which measures of acceptability correlate with actual barrier method use remains unexamined...
  21. pmc Do changes in spousal employment status lead to domestic violence? Insights from a prospective study in Bangalore, India
    Suneeta Krishnan
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA
    Soc Sci Med 70:136-43. 2010
    ..It points to the complex challenges of violence prevention, including the need for interventions among men and gender-transformative approaches to promote gender-equitable attitudes, practices and norms among men and women...
  22. pmc The association between cervical human papillomavirus infection and HIV acquisition among women in Zimbabwe
    Sarah H Averbach
    University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California, USA
    AIDS 24:1035-42. 2010
    ..The prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) is higher among HIV-positive women, but the prevalence of HPV prior to HIV acquisition has not been carefully evaluated...
  23. pmc Poverty, gender inequities, and women's risk of human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS
    Suneeta Krishnan
    Women s Global Health Imperative, Research Triangle Institute International, 114 Sansome St, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1136:101-10. 2008
    ..In conclusion, we identify challenges in developing and evaluating strategies to address these structural pathways...
  24. ncbi request reprint Biomedical interventions to prevent HIV infection: evidence, challenges, and way forward
    Nancy S Padian
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Lancet 372:585-99. 2008
    ..Assessment of such multicomponent approaches with moderate effects is difficult. Issues to be considered include the nature of control groups and the effect of adherence on the true effectiveness of the intervention...
  25. ncbi request reprint Acceptability of heat treating breast milk to prevent mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus in Zimbabwe: a qualitative study
    Kiersten A Israel-Ballard
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley 94720 7360, USA
    J Hum Lact 22:48-60. 2006
    ..These findings merit further investigation so that appropriate behavioral strategies can be designed...
  26. ncbi request reprint Determinants and consequences of sexual networks as they affect the spread of sexually transmitted infections
    Irene A Doherty
    Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Infect Dis 191:S42-54. 2005
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of HIV prevention strategies in resource-poor countries: tailoring the intervention to the context
    Jeny Wegbreit
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California San Francisco, 50 Beale Street, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    AIDS 20:1217-35. 2006
  28. ncbi request reprint Incidence of acute urinary tract infection in young women and use of male condoms with and without nonoxynol-9 spermicides
    Margaret Anne Handley
    Division of Public Health Biology and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Epidemiology 13:431-6. 2002
    ..Acute urinary tract infection is one of the most common infections seen in primary care...
  29. pmc Weighing the gold in the gold standard: challenges in HIV prevention research
    Nancy S Padian
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
    AIDS 24:621-35. 2010
    ..We examined design, implementation, and contextual considerations that may limit detection of a positive or adverse effect in HIV prevention trials...
  30. pmc Yo puedo-a conditional cash transfer and life skills intervention to promote adolescent sexual health: results of a randomized feasibility study in san francisco
    Alexandra M Minnis
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, California School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California Electronic address
    J Adolesc Health 55:85-92. 2014
    ..We designed and evaluated for feasibility an intervention-Yo Puedo-that addresses social network influences and socioeconomic opportunities in a neighborhood with substantial gang exposure and early childbearing...
  31. pmc Food insecurity, socioeconomic status, and HIV-related risk behavior among women in farming households in Tanzania
    Sandra I McCoy
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, 1918 University Avenue, Suite 3B, Berkeley, CA, 94704, USA
    AIDS Behav 18:1224-36. 2014
    ..47, 95 % CI 0.25, 0.88). There was not a strong association between food security and relationship power. Our findings suggest that the association between FI and HIV risk behavior may differ depending on the type of household...
  32. ncbi request reprint Advances in multilevel approaches to understanding the epidemiology and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and HIV: an overview
    Sevgi O Aral
    Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 191:S1-6. 2005
  33. ncbi request reprint Incident and prevalent herpes simplex virus type 2 infection increases risk of HIV acquisition among women in Uganda and Zimbabwe
    Joelle M Brown
    Department of Epidemiology, University of California at Los Angeles, 10880 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    AIDS 21:1515-23. 2007
    ..An association has been demonstrated between herpes simplex type 2 (HSV-2) and HIV infection among men, but prospective studies in women have yielded mixed results...
  34. ncbi request reprint A community-based study to examine the effect of a youth HIV prevention intervention on young people aged 15-24 in South Africa: results of the baseline survey
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Reproductive Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gyneacology, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 10:971-80. 2005
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Young people's sexual health in South Africa: HIV prevalence and sexual behaviors from a nationally representative household survey
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Reproductive Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    AIDS 19:1525-34. 2005
    ..To determine the prevalence of HIV infection, HIV risk factors, and exposure to national HIV prevention programs, and to identify factors associated with HIV infection among South African youth, aged 15-24 years...
  36. pmc Sexual power and HIV risk, South Africa
    Audrey E Pettifor
    University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:1996-2004. 2004
    ..77 times more likely to use condoms inconsistently (95% CI 1.86-17.91). Inconsistent condom use was, in turn, significantly associated with HIV infection (adjusted odds ratio 1.58, 95% CI 1.10-2.27)...
  37. pmc Male circumcision and women's risk of incident chlamydial, gonococcal, and trichomonal infections
    Abigail Norris Turner
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, McGavran Greenberg Hall, Campus Box 7435, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:689-95. 2008
    ..We explored associations between MC of the primary sex partner and women's risk of acquisition of chlamydial (Ct), gonococcal (GC), or trichomonal (Tv) infections...
  38. ncbi request reprint Nonoxynol-9 100 mg gel: multi-site safety study from sub-Saharan Africa
    Irving F Hoffman
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    AIDS 18:2191-5. 2004
    ..To evaluate the safety of 100 mg nonoxynol-9 (N-9) gel, a vaginal microbicide, on the genital mucosa of women from Malawi and Zimbabwe in preparation for a phase III efficacy study...
  39. ncbi request reprint Consistent condom use in married Zimbabwean women after a condom intervention
    Lisa Callegari
    Department of Obstretrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, School of Medicine, University of San Francisco, California, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:624-30. 2008
    ..Condom use to prevent HIV in Africa has increased in nonmarital sexual encounters but remains low within marriage. Married women of reproductive age, however, are at high risk of HIV...
  40. ncbi request reprint Vaginal microbicides for HIV/STI prevention in Zimbabwe: what key informants say
    Martha W Moon
    Department of Integrative Systems, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Nursing, USA
    J Transcult Nurs 13:19-23. 2002
    ..Several products may be acceptable in this culture but must be introduced within the existing gender power structure. This study provides a model for involving community leaders in the design of culturally appropriate clinical trials...
  41. pmc Men's circumcision status and women's risk of HIV acquisition in Zimbabwe and Uganda
    Abigail Norris Turner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    AIDS 21:1779-89. 2007
    ..To assess whether male circumcision of the primary sex partner is associated with women's risk of HIV...
  42. ncbi request reprint Concurrent partnerships among adolescents in a Latino community: the Mission District of San Francisco, California
    Irene A Doherty
    School of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:437-43. 2007
    ..Latino adolescents in the United States are disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted infections, yet knowledge of their sexual networks, particularly concurrent sex partners, is limited...
  43. ncbi request reprint Sexual bridging socially and over time: a simulation model exploring the relative effects of mixing and concurrency on viral sexually transmitted infection transmission
    Irene A Doherty
    School of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 27599 7030, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:368-73. 2006
    ..e., bridging) occur through dissortative mixing and concurrent partnerships, yet the relative effects of these network patterns on population STI spread are poorly understood...
  44. ncbi request reprint Discordance at human leukocyte antigen-DRB3 and protection from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 transmission
    Shannon L Hader
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS E 45, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 185:1729-35. 2002
    ..027). Further investigation of the roles of class II HLAs in HIV-1 transmission and as possible components of HIV-1 vaccines should be pursued...
  45. ncbi request reprint Evidence-based prevention: increasing the efficiency of HIV intervention trials
    Nancy S Padian
    J Infect Dis 190:663-5. 2004
  46. ncbi request reprint Impact of sexual networks on risk for gonorrhea and chlamydia among low-income urban African American adolescents
    Jonathan M Ellen
    Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    J Pediatr 146:518-22. 2005
    ..To determine whether African American adolescents, whose recent sex partners reported having another sex partner, are at increased risk for exposure to genital chlamydial infection or gonorrhea...