T Osler

Summary

Affiliation: University of Vermont
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint A modification of the injury severity score that both improves accuracy and simplifies scoring
    T Osler
    Department of Surgery, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405, USA
    J Trauma 43:922-5; discussion 925-6. 1997
  2. ncbi request reprint A simple mathematical modification of TRISS markedly improves calibration
    Turner M Osler
    University of Vermont, Fletcher, Allen Health Care, Burlington 05401, USA
    J Trauma 53:630-4. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Do pediatric trauma centers have better survival rates than adult trauma centers? An examination of the National Pediatric Trauma Registry
    T M Osler
    University of Vermont, Fletcher Health Care Center, 111 Colchester Avenue, FL 466, MCHV Campus, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    J Trauma 50:96-101. 2001
  4. ncbi request reprint Predicting survival, length of stay, and cost in the surgical intensive care unit: APACHE II versus ICISS
    T M Osler
    University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, USA
    J Trauma 45:234-7; discussion 237-8. 1998
  5. ncbi request reprint The ICD-9-based illness severity score: a new model that outperforms both DRG and APR-DRG as predictors of survival and resource utilization
    R Rutledge
    Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599 7210, USA
    J Trauma 45:791-9. 1998
  6. ncbi request reprint The worst injury predicts mortality outcome the best: rethinking the role of multiple injuries in trauma outcome scoring
    Patrick D Kilgo
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, WistonSalem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
    J Trauma 55:599-606; discussion 606-7. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Is the hospital volume-mortality relationship in coronary artery bypass surgery the same for low-risk versus high-risk patients?
    Laurent G Glance
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York, Rochester 14642, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 76:1155-62. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint The relation between trauma center outcome and volume in the National Trauma Databank
    Laurent G Glance
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 604, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
    J Trauma 56:682-90. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint "Shock" bowel
    Frederick B Rogers
    Division of Trauma, Burns, and Critical Care, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington 05401, USA
    J Trauma 53:1029. 2002
  10. ncbi request reprint Incorporating recent advances to make the TRISS approach universally available
    Patrick D Kilgo
    Department of Biostatistics, Emory University School of Public Health, GA 30322, USA
    J Trauma 60:1002-8; discussion 1008-9. 2006

Detail Information

Publications28

  1. ncbi request reprint A modification of the injury severity score that both improves accuracy and simplifies scoring
    T Osler
    Department of Surgery, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405, USA
    J Trauma 43:922-5; discussion 925-6. 1997
    ..We present here a simple modification of the ISS called the New Injury Severity Score (NISS), which significantly outperforms the venerable but dated ISS as a predictor of mortality...
  2. ncbi request reprint A simple mathematical modification of TRISS markedly improves calibration
    Turner M Osler
    University of Vermont, Fletcher, Allen Health Care, Burlington 05401, USA
    J Trauma 53:630-4. 2002
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Do pediatric trauma centers have better survival rates than adult trauma centers? An examination of the National Pediatric Trauma Registry
    T M Osler
    University of Vermont, Fletcher Health Care Center, 111 Colchester Avenue, FL 466, MCHV Campus, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    J Trauma 50:96-101. 2001
    ..Pediatric trauma centers (PTCs) were developed to improve the survival of injured children, but it is currently unknown if children admitted to PTCs are more likely to survive than those admitted to adult trauma centers (ATCs)...
  4. ncbi request reprint Predicting survival, length of stay, and cost in the surgical intensive care unit: APACHE II versus ICISS
    T M Osler
    University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, USA
    J Trauma 45:234-7; discussion 237-8. 1998
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint The ICD-9-based illness severity score: a new model that outperforms both DRG and APR-DRG as predictors of survival and resource utilization
    R Rutledge
    Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599 7210, USA
    J Trauma 45:791-9. 1998
    ..The study also compared the outcome predictions of ICISS with those of the long-established diagnosis-related groups (DRG) and the 3M product APR-DRG systems...
  6. ncbi request reprint The worst injury predicts mortality outcome the best: rethinking the role of multiple injuries in trauma outcome scoring
    Patrick D Kilgo
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, WistonSalem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
    J Trauma 55:599-606; discussion 606-7. 2003
    ..The ability of only the most severe injury in predicting mortality has never been studied. Our objective was to determine the ability of a patient's worst injury to predict mortality...
  7. ncbi request reprint Is the hospital volume-mortality relationship in coronary artery bypass surgery the same for low-risk versus high-risk patients?
    Laurent G Glance
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York, Rochester 14642, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 76:1155-62. 2003
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether the volume-outcome association for CABG surgery is modified by patient risk...
  8. ncbi request reprint The relation between trauma center outcome and volume in the National Trauma Databank
    Laurent G Glance
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 604, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
    J Trauma 56:682-90. 2004
    ..However, the evidence linking trauma center volume and outcome is not conclusive. The objective of this study was to examine the volume-mortality relation for patients with severe trauma in the National Trauma Databank...
  9. ncbi request reprint "Shock" bowel
    Frederick B Rogers
    Division of Trauma, Burns, and Critical Care, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington 05401, USA
    J Trauma 53:1029. 2002
  10. ncbi request reprint Incorporating recent advances to make the TRISS approach universally available
    Patrick D Kilgo
    Department of Biostatistics, Emory University School of Public Health, GA 30322, USA
    J Trauma 60:1002-8; discussion 1008-9. 2006
    ..This study hypothesized that the TRISS approach could be made more predictive and efficient with fewer variables by incorporating these advances...
  11. ncbi request reprint Impact of changing the statistical methodology on hospital and surgeon ranking: the case of the New York State cardiac surgery report card
    Laurent G Glance
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
    Med Care 44:311-9. 2006
    ..Risk adjustment is central to the generation of health outcome report cards. It is unclear, however, whether risk adjustment should be based on standard logistic regression, fixed-effects or random-effects modeling...
  12. ncbi request reprint Complications in surgical patients
    Mark A Healey
    Department of Surgery, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Fletcher 4, 111 Colchester Ave, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Arch Surg 137:611-7; discussion 617-8. 2002
    ..Complications are common in hospitalized surgical patients. Provider error contributes to a significant proportion of these complications...
  13. ncbi request reprint Independently derived survival risk ratios yield better estimates of survival than traditional survival risk ratios when using the ICISS
    J Wayne Meredith
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest Univeresity School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Trauma 55:933-8. 2003
    ..Independent SRRs are derived from incidents where patients sustained only an isolated injury. The objective of this study is to compare the mortality prediction abilities of independent and traditional SRRs via the ICISS...
  14. ncbi request reprint Impact of patient volume on the mortality rate of adult intensive care unit patients
    Laurent G Glance
    University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, USA
    Crit Care Med 34:1925-34. 2006
    ..However, it is currently unknown if high intensive care unit (ICU) patient volumes are associated with reduced mortality rate. The objective was to investigate whether high-volume ICUs have better mortality outcomes than low-volume ICUs...
  15. ncbi request reprint Estimating the potential impact of regionalizing health care delivery based on volume standards versus risk-adjusted mortality rate
    Laurent G Glance
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 604, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 19:195-202. 2007
    ..To examine whether basing regionalization on risk-adjusted mortality would lead to better population outcomes than basing regionalization on procedure volume...
  16. ncbi request reprint Effect of complications on mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery: evidence from New York State
    Laurent G Glance
    University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, NY, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 134:53-8. 2007
    ..Complications are associated with increased risk of death. The objective of this study is to quantify the increased odds of dying from complications after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting surgery...
  17. pmc Are high-quality cardiac surgeons less likely to operate on high-risk patients compared to low-quality surgeons? Evidence from New York State
    Laurent G Glance
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, PO Box 604, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Health Serv Res 43:300-12. 2008
    ..It is unknown whether high-risk cardiac surgical patients have less access to high-quality surgeons compared with lower-risk patients...
  18. doi request reprint Impact of the present-on-admission indicator on hospital quality measurement: experience with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Inpatient Quality Indicators
    Laurent G Glance
    University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, New York, USA
    Med Care 46:112-9. 2008
    ..The extent to which the lack of a POA indicator biases quality assessment based on the AHRQ mortality measures is unknown...
  19. ncbi request reprint The relation between surgeon volume and outcome following off-pump vs on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery
    Laurent G Glance
    University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, NY, USA
    Chest 128:829-37. 2005
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Evaluating trauma center quality: does the choice of the severity-adjustment model make a difference?
    Laurent G Glance
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY 14642, USA
    J Trauma 58:1265-71. 2005
    ..The primary trauma outcome prediction models used for evaluating the quality of trauma care, TRISS and ASCOT (A Severity Characterization of Trauma), were developed using the MTOS database...
  21. ncbi request reprint A note on the disjointed nature of the injury severity score
    Patrick D Kilgo
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    J Trauma 57:479-85; discussion 486-7. 2004
    ..This study sought to compare the mortality of equivalent ISS values from different triplets and to evaluate whether ISS is a monotonic function of mortality...
  22. ncbi request reprint Intraluminal aortic thrombi associated with self-inflicted gunshot wound to the chest
    Randeep S Jawa
    Department of Surgery, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA
    J Trauma 56:926-7. 2004
  23. ncbi request reprint Judging trauma center quality: does it depend on the choice of outcomes?
    Laurent G Glance
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York 14642, USA
    J Trauma 56:165-72. 2004
    ..However, the use of survival as a measure of the effectiveness of trauma care may be too limited in scope because it fails to capture information regarding functional outcomes...
  24. ncbi request reprint Using hierarchical modeling to measure ICU quality
    Laurent G Glance
    University of Rochester, School of Medicine and Dentistry, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Intensive Care Med 29:2223-9. 2003
    ..To determine whether hierarchical modeling agrees with conventional logistic regression modeling on the identity of ICU quality outliers within a large multi-institutional database...
  25. ncbi request reprint Improving the Glasgow Coma Scale score: motor score alone is a better predictor
    C Healey
    Department of Surgery, University of Vermont, College of Medicine, Burlington 05401, USA
    J Trauma 54:671-8; discussion 678-80. 2003
    ..g., TRISS and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation), but it has not been rigorously examined as a predictor of outcome...
  26. ncbi request reprint Identifying quality outliers in a large, multiple-institution database by using customized versions of the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II and the Mortality Probability Model II0
    Laurent G Glance
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA
    Crit Care Med 30:1995-2002. 2002
    ..To assess whether customized versions of the Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) II and the Mortality Probability Model (MPM) II0 agree on the identity of intensive care unit quality outliers within a multiple-center database...
  27. ncbi request reprint Rating the quality of intensive care units: is it a function of the intensive care unit scoring system?
    Laurent G Glance
    Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA
    Crit Care Med 30:1976-82. 2002
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether the identity of ICU quality outliers depends on the ICU scoring system used to calculate the standardized mortality ratio...
  28. pmc Impact of date stamping on patient safety measurement in patients undergoing CABG: experience with the AHRQ Patient Safety Indicators
    Laurent G Glance
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:176. 2008
    ..The objective of this study is to examine whether the AHRQ PSIs accurately measure hospital complication rates, using the data with present-on-admission (POA) codes to distinguish between complications and pre-existing conditions..