Christopher J L Murray

Summary

Affiliation: University of Washington
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Using verbal autopsy to measure causes of death: the comparative performance of existing methods
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 5th Avenue Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    BMC Med 12:5. 2014
  2. pmc National and subnational mortality effects of metabolic risk factors and smoking in Iran: a comparative risk assessment
    Farshad Farzadfar
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College, London, UK
    Popul Health Metr 9:55. 2011
  3. pmc Diabetes prevalence and diagnosis in US states: analysis of health surveys
    Goodarz Danaei
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Popul Health Metr 7:16. 2009
  4. pmc Falling behind: life expectancy in US counties from 2000 to 2007 in an international context
    Sandeep C Kulkarni
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Popul Health Metr 9:16. 2011
  5. ncbi request reprint Global burden of disease 2005: call for collaborators
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Lancet 370:109-10. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint The Global Campaign for the Health MDGs: challenges, opportunities, and the imperative of shared learning
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98102, USA
    Lancet 370:1018-20. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Can we achieve Millennium Development Goal 4? New analysis of country trends and forecasts of under-5 mortality to 2015
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98102, USA
    Lancet 370:1040-54. 2007
  8. doi request reprint Health metrics and evaluation: strengthening the science
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington 98121, USA
    Lancet 371:1191-9. 2008
  9. pmc Estimating population cause-specific mortality fractions from in-hospital mortality: validation of a new method
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e326. 2007
  10. pmc Validation of the symptom pattern method for analyzing verbal autopsy data
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e327. 2007

Detail Information

Publications84

  1. pmc Using verbal autopsy to measure causes of death: the comparative performance of existing methods
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 5th Avenue Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    BMC Med 12:5. 2014
    ..Multiple methods have been developed for assigning cause of death from a VA but their application is restricted by uncertainty about their reliability...
  2. pmc National and subnational mortality effects of metabolic risk factors and smoking in Iran: a comparative risk assessment
    Farshad Farzadfar
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College, London, UK
    Popul Health Metr 9:55. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  3. pmc Diabetes prevalence and diagnosis in US states: analysis of health surveys
    Goodarz Danaei
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Popul Health Metr 7:16. 2009
    ..Self-reported diabetes prevalence may be biased because respondents may not be aware of their risk status. Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes by state...
  4. pmc Falling behind: life expectancy in US counties from 2000 to 2007 in an international context
    Sandeep C Kulkarni
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Popul Health Metr 9:16. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  5. ncbi request reprint Global burden of disease 2005: call for collaborators
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Lancet 370:109-10. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint The Global Campaign for the Health MDGs: challenges, opportunities, and the imperative of shared learning
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98102, USA
    Lancet 370:1018-20. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Can we achieve Millennium Development Goal 4? New analysis of country trends and forecasts of under-5 mortality to 2015
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98102, USA
    Lancet 370:1040-54. 2007
    ..We aimed to develop new reproducible methods and reanalyse existing data to elucidate detailed time trends...
  8. doi request reprint Health metrics and evaluation: strengthening the science
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington 98121, USA
    Lancet 371:1191-9. 2008
    ..Only through concerted action will it be possible to assure the production, reproduction, and use of knowledge that is crucial to the advancement of global health...
  9. pmc Estimating population cause-specific mortality fractions from in-hospital mortality: validation of a new method
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e326. 2007
    ..We propose a method to estimate population cause-specific mortality fractions (CSMFs) using data already collected in many middle-income and some low-income developing nations, yet rarely used: in-hospital death records...
  10. pmc Validation of the symptom pattern method for analyzing verbal autopsy data
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e327. 2007
    ..In this study we develop and validate a statistical strategy for analyzing VA data that overcomes the limitations of PCVA...
  11. doi request reprint Neonatal, postneonatal, childhood, and under-5 mortality for 187 countries, 1970-2010: a systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 4
    JULIE KNOLL RAJARATNAM
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 375:1988-2008. 2010
    ..In view of policy initiatives and investments made since 2000, it is important to see if there is acceleration towards the MDG 4 target. We assessed levels and trends in child mortality for 187 countries from 1970 to 2010...
  12. doi request reprint Progress towards Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 on maternal and child mortality: an updated systematic analysis
    Rafael Lozano
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 378:1139-65. 2011
    ..Our aim was to update previous estimates of maternal and child mortality using better data and more robust methods to provide the best available evidence for tracking progress on MDGs 4 and 5...
  13. doi request reprint Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle 98121, WA, USA
    Lancet 380:2197-223. 2012
    ..We aimed to calculate disease burden worldwide and for 21 regions for 1990, 2005, and 2010 with methods to enable meaningful comparisons over time...
  14. doi request reprint Age-specific and sex-specific mortality in 187 countries, 1970-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Haidong Wang
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 380:2071-94. 2012
    ..We aimed to estimate life tables and annual numbers of deaths for 187 countries from 1970 to 2010...
  15. pmc Net benefits: a multicountry analysis of observational data examining associations between insecticide-treated mosquito nets and health outcomes
    Stephen S Lim
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 8:e1001091. 2011
    ..Although the efficacy of ITNs in trials has been shown, evidence on their impact under routine conditions is limited to a few countries and the extent to which the scale-up of ITNs has improved population health remains uncertain...
  16. ncbi request reprint Estimates of global and regional potential health gains from reducing multiple major risk factors
    Majid Ezzati
    Risk, Resources, and Environmental Management Division, Resources for the Future, Washington, DC, USA
    Lancet 362:271-80. 2003
    ..But few such investigations have been attempted, and none on a global scale. Our aim was to estimate the potential health benefits from removal of multiple major risk factors...
  17. doi request reprint A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Stephen S Lim
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 380:2224-60. 2012
    ..No complete revision of global disease burden caused by risk factors has been done since a comparative risk assessment in 2000, and no previous analysis has assessed changes in burden attributable to risk factors over time...
  18. doi request reprint Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Rafael Lozano
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA, USA
    Lancet 380:2095-128. 2012
    ....
  19. doi request reprint Global malaria mortality between 1980 and 2010: a systematic analysis
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 379:413-31. 2012
    ..We aimed to provide an accurate assessment of the levels and time trends in malaria mortality to aid assessment of progress towards these goals and the focusing of future efforts...
  20. pmc Measuring adult mortality using sibling survival: a new analytical method and new results for 44 countries, 1974-2006
    Ziad Obermeyer
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 7:e1000260. 2010
    ....
  21. doi request reprint Breast and cervical cancer in 187 countries between 1980 and 2010: a systematic analysis
    Mohammad H Forouzanfar
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Lancet 378:1461-84. 2011
    ..Breast and cervical cancer are important causes of mortality in women aged ≥15 years. We undertook annual age-specific assessments of breast and cervical cancer in 187 countries...
  22. doi request reprint The state of health in the Arab world, 1990-2010: an analysis of the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors
    Ali H Mokdad
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA Electronic address
    Lancet 383:309-20. 2014
    ..We aimed to examine the burden of diseases and injuries in the Arab world for 1990, 2005, and 2010 using data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010 (GBD 2010)...
  23. doi request reprint Smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption in 187 countries, 1980-2012
    Marie Ng
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle
    JAMA 311:183-92. 2014
    ..Tobacco is a leading global disease risk factor. Understanding national trends in prevalence and consumption is critical for prioritizing action and evaluating tobacco control progress...
  24. doi request reprint UK health performance: findings of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Lancet 381:997-1020. 2013
    ....
  25. doi request reprint Assessment of population-level effect of Avahan, an HIV-prevention initiative in India
    Marie Ng
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 378:1643-52. 2011
    ..It was launched in 2003 in six states with a total population of 300 million and a high HIV burden. We assessed the population-level effect of the first phase of Avahan (2003-08)...
  26. doi request reprint Impact of supplemental immunisation activity (SIA) campaigns on health systems: findings from South Africa
    Stéphane Verguet
    Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 67:947-52. 2013
    ..They also require the mobilisation of a large health workforce. We assess the impact of the implementation of SIA campaigns on selected routine child and maternal health services in South Africa (SA)...
  27. doi request reprint Incorporating loss to follow-up in estimates of survival among HIV-infected individuals in sub-Saharan Africa enrolled in antiretroviral therapy programs
    Stéphane Verguet
    Department of Global Health, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Infect Dis 207:72-9. 2013
    ..We synthesized data from treatment cohorts in sub-Saharan Africa to estimate survival over 5 years after initiation of ART...
  28. pmc Measuring under-five mortality: validation of new low-cost methods
    JULIE KNOLL RAJARATNAM
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 7:e1000253. 2010
    ..As a result, there is a demand for improvement of the methods employing summary birth history data to produce more accurate as well as subnational estimates of child mortality...
  29. doi request reprint Worldwide mortality in men and women aged 15-59 years from 1970 to 2010: a systematic analysis
    JULIE KNOLL RAJARATNAM
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 375:1704-20. 2010
    ..However, adult mortality has received little policy attention, resources, or monitoring efforts. This study aimed to estimate worldwide mortality in men and women aged 15-59 years...
  30. pmc Rapid scaling up of insecticide-treated bed net coverage in Africa and its relationship with development assistance for health: a systematic synthesis of supply, distribution, and household survey data
    Abraham D Flaxman
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 7:e1000328. 2010
    ..Sparse and inconsistent sources of data have prevented robust estimates of the coverage of ITNs over time...
  31. pmc Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in United States counties, 2001-2009
    Casey Olives
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e60308. 2013
    ..Concurrent increases in treatment and control of hypertension are promising, but efforts to decrease the prevalence of hypertension are needed...
  32. doi request reprint The global financial crisis has led to a slowdown in growth of funding to improve health in many developing countries
    Katherine Leach-Kemon
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 31:228-35. 2012
    ..Given the international community's focus on meeting the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 and persistent economic hardship in donor countries, continued measurement of development assistance for health is essential for policy making...
  33. doi request reprint Increased educational attainment and its effect on child mortality in 175 countries between 1970 and 2009: a systematic analysis
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 376:959-74. 2010
    ..We updated previous systematic assessments of educational attainment, and estimated the contribution of improvements in women's education to reductions in child mortality in the past 40 years...
  34. pmc What can we conclude from death registration? Improved methods for evaluating completeness
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 7:e1000262. 2010
    ..Second, the methods have not been extensively validated in real population conditions where violations of the assumptions of the methods most certainly occur. Third, DDMs do not generate uncertainty intervals...
  35. doi request reprint Financing of global health: tracking development assistance for health from 1990 to 2007
    Nirmala Ravishankar
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 373:2113-24. 2009
    ..We aimed to provide a comprehensive assessment of development assistance for health (DAH) from 1990 to 2007...
  36. pmc Supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) in South Africa: comprehensive economic evaluation of an integrated child health delivery platform
    Stéphane Verguet
    Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Glob Health Action 6:1-9. 2013
    ..Supplementary immunization activity (SIA) campaigns provide children with an additional dose of measles vaccine and deliver other interventions, including vitamin A supplements, deworming medications, and oral polio vaccines...
  37. doi request reprint Tracking population health based on self-reported impairments: Trends in the prevalence of hearing loss in US adults, 1976-2006
    Nayu Ikeda
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 170:80-7. 2009
    ..1) in 1993 to 4.2% (95% CI: 3.4, 5.3) in 2000. Prevalence was stable in both sexes in the early 2000s. This approach to adjust for biases in self-reported impairments by using measured performance may be useful in various health domains...
  38. pmc Management of diabetes and associated cardiovascular risk factors in seven countries: a comparison of data from national health examination surveys
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 89:172-83. 2011
    ..To examine the effectiveness of the health system response to the challenge of diabetes across different settings and explore the inequalities in diabetes care that are attributable to socioeconomic factors...
  39. doi request reprint Maternal mortality for 181 countries, 1980-2008: a systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 5
    Margaret C Hogan
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 375:1609-23. 2010
    ..We assessed levels and trends in maternal mortality for 181 countries...
  40. pmc Disentangling the effects of risk factors and clinical care on subnational variation in early neonatal mortality in the United States
    Lahn D Straney
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, The Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    PLoS ONE 7:e49399. 2012
    ....
  41. doi request reprint Tracking progress towards universal childhood immunisation and the impact of global initiatives: a systematic analysis of three-dose diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis immunisation coverage
    Stephen S Lim
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Lancet 372:2031-46. 2008
    ..We estimated the coverage of three doses of diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine (DTP3) based on surveys using all available data...
  42. pmc Fifty years of violent war deaths from Vietnam to Bosnia: analysis of data from the world health survey programme
    Ziad Obermeyer
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    BMJ 336:1482-6. 2008
    ..To provide an accurate estimate of violent war deaths...
  43. ncbi request reprint Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of disease
    Majid Ezzati
    Risk, Resources and Environmental Management Division, Resources for the Future, Washington, DC, USA
    Lancet 360:1347-60. 2002
    ..Our aim was to estimate the contributions of selected major risk factors to global and regional burden of disease in a unified framework...
  44. doi request reprint A systematic analysis of global anemia burden from 1990 to 2010
    Nicholas J Kassebaum
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
    Blood 123:615-24. 2014
    ..Hemoglobinopathies made significant contributions in most populations. Burden was highest in children under age 5, the only age groups with negative trends from 1990 to 2010. ..
  45. pmc More data and appropriate statistical methods needed to fully measure the displacement effects of development assistance for health
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 10:e1001365. 2013
    ..Christopher Murray and colleagues provide a perspective on displacement due to development assistance for health, and argue for more data and better statistical methods to measure aid displacement...
  46. pmc Understanding the decline of mean systolic blood pressure in Japan: an analysis of pooled data from the National Nutrition Survey, 1986-2002
    Nayu Ikeda
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 5th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98121, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 86:978-88. 2008
    ..To assess the relationships between the observed drop in mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) in Japan in 1986-2002 and the use of antihypertensive treatment and lifestyle factors...
  47. pmc The burden of HIV: insights from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Katrina F Ortblad
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    AIDS 27:2003-17. 2013
    ..To evaluate the global and country-level burden of HIV/AIDS relative to 291 other causes of disease burden from 1980 to 2010 using the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010) as the vehicle for exploration...
  48. pmc Global patterns of healthy life expectancy in the year 2002
    Colin D Mathers
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, Avenue Appia, Geneva, Switzerland
    BMC Public Health 4:66. 2004
    ..The World Health Organization reports on healthy life expectancy for 192 WHO Member States. This paper describes variation in average levels of population health across these countries and by sex for the year 2002...
  49. pmc WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: development of an evidence based global public health treaty
    Kenji Shibuya
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, CH 1211, Geneva 27, Switzerland
    BMJ 327:154-7. 2003
  50. ncbi request reprint Global and regional mortality from ischaemic heart disease and stroke attributable to higher-than-optimum blood glucose concentration: comparative risk assessment
    Goodarz Danaei
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Lancet 368:1651-9. 2006
    ..We aimed to quantify population-level effects of all higher-than-optimum concentrations of blood glucose on mortality from ischaemic heart disease and stroke worldwide...
  51. ncbi request reprint Who assessment of health systems performance
    Gro Harlem Brundtland
    Lancet 361:2155. 2003
  52. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness and costs of interventions to lower systolic blood pressure and cholesterol: a global and regional analysis on reduction of cardiovascular-disease risk
    Christopher J L Murray
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, 27, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 361:717-25. 2003
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Towards good practice for health statistics: lessons from the Millennium Development Goal health indicators
    Christopher J L Murray
    Harvard University, School of Public Health and Initiative for Global Health, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Lancet 369:862-73. 2007
    ..This initiative would make available the primary data, all post-data collection adjustments, models including covariates used for farcasting and forecasting, and necessary documentation to the public...
  54. ncbi request reprint [Benchmarking of performance of Mexican states with effective coverage]
    Rafael Lozano
    Secretaria de Salud, Mexico DF, Mexico
    Salud Publica Mex 49:S53-69. 2007
    ..The national institutions undertaking this benchmarking must have the mandate, skills, resources, and independence to succeed...
  55. ncbi request reprint Quantification of health states with rank-based nonmetric multidimensional scaling
    Paul F M Krabbe
    Department of Medical Technology Assessment 138, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Med Decis Making 27:395-405. 2007
    ..This methodology is based on the ranking of differences between health states combined with an associated scaling model that transforms the individual rank data into group values on the interval level...
  56. pmc World health system performance revisited: the impact of varying the relative importance of health system goals
    Jeremy A Lauer
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    BMC Health Serv Res 4:19. 2004
    ..In 2002, the World Health Organization published a health system performance ranking for 191 member countries. The ranking was based on five indicators, with fixed weights common to all countries...
  57. pmc Setting international standards for verbal autopsy
    Frank Baiden
    Bull World Health Organ 85:570-1. 2007
  58. pmc Distribution of major health risks: findings from the Global Burden of Disease study
    Anthony Rodgers
    School of Population Health, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    PLoS Med 1:e27. 2004
    ..The distribution of risk-factor-attributable disease burden, for example by age or exposure level, can inform the selection and targeting of specific interventions and programs, and increase cost-effectiveness...
  59. pmc Monitoring global health: time for new solutions
    Christopher J L Murray
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, 104 Mount Auburn Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    BMJ 329:1096-100. 2004
  60. ncbi request reprint [Assessing the effect of the 2001-06 Mexican health reform: an interim report card]
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, 104 Mt Auburn Street 3rd floor, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Salud Publica Mex 49:S88-109. 2007
    ..We present some lessons for Mexico based on this interim evaluation and explore implications for other countries considering health reforms...
  61. ncbi request reprint Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors, 2001: systematic analysis of population health data
    Alan D Lopez
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4006, Australia
    Lancet 367:1747-57. 2006
    ..Our aim was to calculate the global burden of disease and risk factors for 2001, to examine regional trends from 1990 to 2001, and to provide a starting point for the analysis of the Disease Control Priorities Project (DCPP)...
  62. ncbi request reprint Validity of reported vaccination coverage in 45 countries
    Christopher J L Murray
    Department of Health Service Provision, Evidence and Information for Policy, WHO, 27 Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 362:1022-7. 2003
    ..We aimed to assess the accuracy of officially reported coverage rates of vaccination with diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine (DTP3), which is commonly used to monitor child health interventions...
  63. ncbi request reprint A multi-method approach to measuring health-state valuations
    Joshua A Salomon
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Health Econ 13:281-90. 2004
    ....
  64. pmc Comparability of self rated health: cross sectional multi-country survey using anchoring vignettes
    Joshua A Salomon
    Department of Population and International Health, Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard School of Public Health, 9 Bow Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    BMJ 328:258. 2004
    ..To examine differences in expectations for health using anchoring vignettes, which describe fixed levels of health on dimensions such as mobility...
  65. ncbi request reprint Household catastrophic health expenditure: a multicountry analysis
    Ke Xu
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 27, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 362:111-7. 2003
    ..Yet catastrophic expenditure is not rare. We investigated the extent of catastrophic health expenditure as a first step to developing appropriate policy responses...
  66. ncbi request reprint Global patterns of healthy life expectancy for older women
    Colin D Mathers
    Global Programme on Evidence for Health Policy, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    J Women Aging 14:99-117. 2002
    ..We discuss the implications of the findings for international health policy...
  67. pmc Global and regional estimates of cancer mortality and incidence by site: I. Application of regional cancer survival model to estimate cancer mortality distribution by site
    Colin D Mathers
    Global Programme on Evidence for Health Policy, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    BMC Cancer 2:36. 2002
    ..For regions where information on the distribution of cancer deaths is not available, a site-specific survival model was developed to estimate the distribution of cancer deaths by site...
  68. pmc Global and regional estimates of cancer mortality and incidence by site: II. Results for the global burden of disease 2000
    Kenji Shibuya
    Global Program on Evidence for Health Policy, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    BMC Cancer 2:37. 2002
    ..We present the detailed estimates of mortality and incidence by site as the basis for the future estimation of cancer burden for the Global Burden of Disease 2000 study...
  69. pmc The reversal of fortunes: trends in county mortality and cross-county mortality disparities in the United States
    Majid Ezzati
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 5:e66. 2008
    ....
  70. ncbi request reprint Access, utilization, quality, and effective coverage: an integrated conceptual framework and measurement strategy
    Bakhuti Shengelia
    World Health Organization, Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion, Geneva 27, CH 1211, Switzerland
    Soc Sci Med 61:97-109. 2005
    ..We discuss measurement strategies and demonstrate the concept by means of a simple simulation model...
  71. pmc Should data from demographic surveillance systems be made more widely available to researchers?
    Daniel Chandramohan
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 5:e57. 2008
    ..This debate is further discussed in this month's Editorial...
  72. ncbi request reprint Improving the comparability of diabetes mortality statistics in the U.S. and Mexico
    Christopher J L Murray
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:451-8. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to increase the cross-state comparability of diabetes mortality statistics related in the U.S. and Mexico...
  73. pmc Has the DOTS strategy improved case finding or treatment success? An empirical assessment
    Ziad Obermeyer
    Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e1721. 2008
    ..We investigate the impact of the expansion of the DOTS strategy on tuberculosis case finding and treatment success, using only empirical data...
  74. ncbi request reprint Estimation of potential global pandemic influenza mortality on the basis of vital registry data from the 1918-20 pandemic: a quantitative analysis
    Christopher J L Murray
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Lancet 368:2211-8. 2006
    ..Our aim was to use high-quality vital registration data gathered during the 1918-20 pandemic to estimate global mortality should such a pandemic occur today...
  75. ncbi request reprint Assessing the effect of the 2001-06 Mexican health reform: an interim report card
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Lancet 368:1920-35. 2006
    ..We present some lessons for Mexico based on this interim evaluation and explore implications for other countries considering health reforms...
  76. ncbi request reprint Benchmarking of performance of Mexican states with effective coverage
    Rafael Lozano
    Secretaria de Salud, Reforma 450 Col Juarez CP 06600, Mexico DF, Mexico
    Lancet 368:1729-41. 2006
    ..The national institutions undertaking this benchmarking must have the mandate, skills, resources, and independence to succeed...
  77. ncbi request reprint Effect of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation on diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine coverage: an independent assessment
    Chunling Lu
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, 104 Mount Auburn St, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Lancet 368:1088-95. 2006
    ..We aimed to assess the effect of GAVI on combined diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine (DTP3) coverage...
  78. pmc Eight Americas: investigating mortality disparities across races, counties, and race-counties in the United States
    Christopher J L Murray
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 3:e260. 2006
    ....
  79. ncbi request reprint Absorptive capacity and disbursements by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: analysis of grant implementation
    Chunling Lu
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, 104 Mount Auburn St, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Lancet 368:483-8. 2006
    ..We aimed to investigate the major determinants of grant implementation in developing countries...
  80. ncbi request reprint Understanding the coronary heart disease versus total cardiovascular mortality paradox: a method to enhance the comparability of cardiovascular death statistics in the United States
    Christopher J L Murray
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 113:2071-81. 2006
    ..Our aim was to identify exogenous individual- and community-level predictors of cause-of-death assignment and variability and to use these predictors to improve the comparability of CHD mortality estimates across states...
  81. ncbi request reprint Causes of cancer in the world: comparative risk assessment of nine behavioural and environmental risk factors
    Goodarz Danaei
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Lancet 366:1784-93. 2005
    ..In this report, we estimate mortality from 12 types of cancer attributable to nine risk factors in seven World Bank regions for 2001...
  82. pmc Rethinking the "diseases of affluence" paradigm: global patterns of nutritional risks in relation to economic development
    Majid Ezzati
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 2:e133. 2005
    ....
  83. ncbi request reprint Assessing the burden of disease in the United States using disability-adjusted life years
    Matthew T McKenna
    National Center for HIV STD TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Prev Med 28:415-23. 2005
    ..Burden of disease studies have been implemented in many countries using the disability-adjusted life year (DALY) to assess major health problems...
  84. pmc Epidemiological evidence: improving validity through consistency analysis
    Colin D Mathers
    Bull World Health Organ 80:611. 2002