Paul Muntner

Summary

Affiliation: University of Alabama at Birmingham
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure: current knowledge and future research directions
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    Blood Press Monit 18:232-8. 2013
  2. pmc Cardiovascular risk factors in CKD associate with both ESRD and mortality
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama, 1665 University Boulevard, Suite 230J, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 24:1159-65. 2013
  3. pmc Trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of high low density lipoprotein-cholesterol among United States adults from 1999-2000 through 2009-2010
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Cardiol 112:664-70. 2013
  4. pmc Association between antihypertensive medication adherence and visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 15:112-7. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Reproducibility of visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure measured as part of routine clinical care
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Hypertens 29:2332-8. 2011
  6. doi request reprint Epidemiology of chronic kidney disease among older adults: a focus on the oldest old
    C Barrett Bowling
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Boulevard, Suite 230J, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 67:1379-86. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Within-visit variability of blood pressure and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among US adults
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 14:165-71. 2012
  8. doi request reprint The relationship between visit-to-visit variability in systolic blood pressure and all-cause mortality in the general population: findings from NHANES III, 1988 to 1994
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Hypertension 57:160-6. 2011
  9. pmc Racial differences in the incidence of chronic kidney disease
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Boulevard, Suite 230J, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 7:101-7. 2012
  10. pmc Hypertension awareness, treatment, and control in adults with CKD: results from the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 55:441-51. 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications104 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi request reprint Visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure: current knowledge and future research directions
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    Blood Press Monit 18:232-8. 2013
    ....
  2. pmc Cardiovascular risk factors in CKD associate with both ESRD and mortality
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama, 1665 University Boulevard, Suite 230J, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 24:1159-65. 2013
    ....
  3. pmc Trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of high low density lipoprotein-cholesterol among United States adults from 1999-2000 through 2009-2010
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Cardiol 112:664-70. 2013
    ..6%). In conclusion, high LDL cholesterol remains common among US adults. Additional efforts are needed to prevent high LDL cholesterol and increase the awareness, treatment, and control of high LDL cholesterol among US adults...
  4. pmc Association between antihypertensive medication adherence and visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 15:112-7. 2013
    ..Results were consistent when pharmacy fill was used to define adherence. These data suggest that low antihypertensive medication adherence explains only a small proportion of VVV of SBP...
  5. doi request reprint Reproducibility of visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure measured as part of routine clinical care
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Hypertens 29:2332-8. 2011
    ..Measurement of blood pressure in usual practice settings may be subject to substantial error, calling into question the value of VVV in real-world settings...
  6. doi request reprint Epidemiology of chronic kidney disease among older adults: a focus on the oldest old
    C Barrett Bowling
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Boulevard, Suite 230J, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 67:1379-86. 2012
    ....
  7. doi request reprint Within-visit variability of blood pressure and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among US adults
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 14:165-71. 2012
    ..35), respectively (P=.566). No association with mortality was present after further adjustment and when modeling within-visit standard deviation of SBP as a continuous variable. Standard deviation of DBP was not associated with mortality...
  8. doi request reprint The relationship between visit-to-visit variability in systolic blood pressure and all-cause mortality in the general population: findings from NHANES III, 1988 to 1994
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Hypertension 57:160-6. 2011
    ..In this population-based study of US adults, higher levels of short-term visit-to-visit variability in systolic blood pressure were associated with increased all-cause mortality...
  9. pmc Racial differences in the incidence of chronic kidney disease
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Boulevard, Suite 230J, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 7:101-7. 2012
    ..The incidence of ESRD is higher in African Americans than in whites, despite reports of a similar or lower prevalence of CKD...
  10. pmc Hypertension awareness, treatment, and control in adults with CKD: results from the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 55:441-51. 2010
    ..A low rate of blood pressure control has been reported in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). These data were derived from population-based samples with a low rate of CKD awareness...
  11. pmc Comparison of the Framingham Heart Study hypertension model with blood pressure alone in the prediction of risk of hypertension: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Hypertension 55:1339-45. 2010
    ..001); recalibrated and best-fit models produced a better model fit (P=0.064 and 0.245, respectively). In this multiethnic cohort of US adults, the FHS model was not substantially better than SBP alone for predicting hypertension...
  12. pmc Low medication adherence and the incidence of stroke symptoms among individuals with hypertension: the REGARDS study
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 13:479-86. 2011
    ..20 (1.04-1.39), 1.23 (0.94-1.60), and 1.59 (1.08-2.33), respectively (P<.001). Worse adherence was also associated with higher multivariable adjusted hazard ratios for each of the 6 stroke symptoms...
  13. pmc Age-specific association of reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria with all-cause mortality
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 6:2200-7. 2011
    ..It has been suggested that reduced estimated GFR (eGFR) among older adults does not necessarily reflect a pathologic phenomenon...
  14. pmc Development and validation of a self-assessment tool for albuminuria: results from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 58:196-205. 2011
    ..The prevalence of albuminuria in the general population is high, but awareness of it is low. Therefore, we sought to develop and validate a self-assessment tool that allows individuals to estimate their probability of having albuminuria...
  15. pmc End-stage renal disease in young black males in a black-white population: longitudinal analysis of the Bogalusa Heart Study
    Paul Muntner
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    BMC Nephrol 10:40. 2009
    ..g., hypertension) also increase the risk of renal disease. However, the importance of childhood risk factors on the development of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is not well characterized...
  16. pmc Incidence of stroke symptoms among adults with chronic kidney disease: results from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 27:166-73. 2012
    ..Reduced glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria are associated with an increased risk for stroke. Their association with stroke symptoms is not known...
  17. doi request reprint Association of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol with coronary heart disease risk across categories of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, Ryals School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35205, USA
    Am J Med Sci 341:173-80. 2011
    ....
  18. pmc Projected impact of polypill use among US adults: Medication use, cardiovascular risk reduction, and side effects
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology and Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294, USA
    Am Heart J 161:719-25. 2011
    ..Polypills, which include multiple medications for reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in a single pill, have been proposed for population-wide use. The number of US adults eligible for polypills and potential benefits are unknown...
  19. doi request reprint Defining the minimal detectable change in scores on the eight-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale
    Paul Muntner
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Ann Pharmacother 45:569-75. 2011
    ..Self-report scales are used to assess medication adherence. Data on how to discriminate change in self-reported adherence over time from random variability are limited...
  20. pmc Low medication adherence and hypertension control among adults with CKD: data from the REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) Study
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 56:447-57. 2010
    ..Low adherence to antihypertensive medication is an important barrier to achieving blood pressure control. Few data are available for medication adherence in adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
  21. pmc Predictors of low clopidogrel adherence following percutaneous coronary intervention
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology and Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Am J Cardiol 108:822-7. 2011
    ..733 (95% CI 0.650 to 0.852). In conclusion, adherence to daily medications before PCI may be a useful indicator for identifying patients who will have low clopidogrel adherence after PCI...
  22. pmc Racial differences in albuminuria, kidney function, and risk of stroke
    ORLANDO M GUTIERREZ
    Departments of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Neurology 79:1686-92. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the joint associations of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urinary albumin excretion with incident stroke in a large national cohort study...
  23. ncbi request reprint Traditional and nontraditional risk factors predict coronary heart disease in chronic kidney disease: results from the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University SPHTM, 1430 Tulane Avenue, SL 18, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 16:529-38. 2005
    ..CHD risk factors in the general population remain predictive among patients with CKD. Given the high risk for CHD among patients with CKD, control of these risk factors may have a substantial impact on their excess burden of CHD...
  24. pmc Association between urinary albumin excretion and coronary heart disease in black vs white adults
    ORLANDO M GUTIERREZ
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0006, USA
    JAMA 310:706-14. 2013
    ..Whether similar associations extend to coronary heart disease (CHD) is unclear...
  25. pmc Assessment tools for unrecognized myocardial infarction: a cross-sectional analysis of the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke population
    Emily B Levitan
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 13:23. 2013
    ..Assessment tools to identify high risk individuals may improve the harm versus benefit profile of screening ECGs. In particular, people with unrecognized myocardial infarction (UMI) have elevated risk for cardiovascular events and death...
  26. ncbi request reprint A population-based, prospective study of blood pressure and risk for end-stage renal disease in China
    Kristi Reynolds
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 18:1928-35. 2007
    ..These results document the importance of high BP as a modifiable risk factor for ESRD in China. Strategies to prevent ESRD should incorporate the prevention, treatment, and control of BP...
  27. ncbi request reprint Blood lead below 0.48 micromol/L (10 microg/dL) and mortality among US adults
    Andy Menke
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University SPHTM, 1430 Tulane Ave, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Circulation 114:1388-94. 2006
    ..The objective of the present study was to determine the association between blood lead levels below 0.48 micromol/L and mortality in the general US population...
  28. pmc The association of biomarkers of iron status with peripheral arterial disease in US adults
    Andy Menke
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 9:34. 2009
    ..Few studies, however, have evaluated the association between biomarkers of iron metabolism and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The purpose of this study is to examine the association of ferritin and transferrin saturation with PAD...
  29. pmc Association of duration of residence in the southeastern United States with chronic kidney disease may differ by race: the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort study
    Laura Plantinga
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 12:17. 2013
    ..We postulated that a similar association would exist for chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
  30. pmc Nondisease-specific problems and all-cause mortality in the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study
    C Barrett Bowling
    Birmingham Atlanta Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 61:739-46. 2013
    ..To evaluate the association between six nondisease-specific problems (problems that cross multiple domains of health) and mortality in middle-aged and older adults...
  31. doi request reprint Risk for recurrent coronary heart disease and all-cause mortality among individuals with chronic kidney disease compared with diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, and cigarette smokers
    Usman Baber
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Blvd, Ryals Public Health Building, Suite 230J, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Am Heart J 166:373-380.e2. 2013
    ..Whether chronic kidney disease (CKD) confers a similar risk for recurrent CHD events is unknown...
  32. pmc Cardioprotective medication use and risk factor control among US adults with unrecognized myocardial infarction: the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study
    Emily B Levitan
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Vasc Health Risk Manag 9:47-55. 2013
    ..The prevalence of cardioprotective medication use and blood pressure and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol control among individuals with UMI is unknown...
  33. pmc Acute kidney injury and mortality in hospitalized patients
    Henry E Wang
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35249, USA
    Am J Nephrol 35:349-55. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and its relation with mortality among hospitalized patients...
  34. pmc Age-related associations of hypertension and diabetes mellitus with chronic kidney disease
    Tareq M Islam
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Louisiana, USA
    BMC Nephrol 10:17. 2009
    ..The association of diabetes mellitus and hypertension with CKD across the adult lifespan is not well established...
  35. ncbi request reprint Relationship between HbA1c level and peripheral arterial disease
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University SPHTM, 1430 Tulane Ave, SL 18 New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:1981-7. 2005
    ..We sought to evaluate the association of HbA(1c) (A1C) with peripheral arterial disease in a representative sample of the U.S. population with and without diabetes...
  36. ncbi request reprint Body mass index and risk of ESRD in China
    Kristi Reynolds
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 50:754-64. 2007
    ..The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in Asians has not been well established...
  37. pmc Life's Simple 7 and risk of incident stroke: the reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke study
    Ambar Kulshreshtha
    Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Stroke 44:1909-14. 2013
    ..The American Heart Association developed Life's Simple 7 (LS7) as a metric defining cardiovascular health. We investigated the association between LS7 and incident stroke in black and white Americans...
  38. pmc Prevalence and prognosis of unrecognized myocardial infarctions in chronic kidney disease
    Dana V Rizk
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 27:3482-8. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and prognosis for mortality of UMI among adults with CKD...
  39. pmc Association of the metabolic syndrome with atrial fibrillation among United States adults (from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke [REGARDS] Study)
    Rikki M Tanner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Am J Cardiol 108:227-32. 2011
    ..15, 95% confidence interval 0.92 to 1.39). In conclusion, MS is associated with an increased prevalence of AF. Further studies investigating a potential mechanism for this excess risk are warranted...
  40. pmc What stroke symptoms tell us: association of risk factors and individual stroke symptoms in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study
    Liyan Gao
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 21:411-6. 2012
    ..Stroke symptoms are common among people without a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack; however, it is unknown if particular attention should be focused on specific symptoms for subgroups of patients...
  41. pmc Geographic variation in CKD prevalence and ESRD incidence in the United States: results from the reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke (REGARDS) study
    Rikki M Tanner
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 61:395-403. 2013
    ..It is not known whether geographic differences in the prevalence of chronic kidney disease exist and are associated with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) incidence rates across the United States...
  42. ncbi request reprint Therapeutic lifestyle changes and drug treatment for high blood cholesterol in China and application of the Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    Am J Cardiol 96:1260-5. 2005
    ..3 million (4.1% of adults). In conclusion, most adults in China with an elevated LDL cholesterol remain untreated...
  43. ncbi request reprint Trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of cardiovascular disease risk factors among noninstitutionalized patients with a history of myocardial infarction and stroke
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 163:913-20. 2006
    ..20). The number of US myocardial infarction and stroke survivors increased between 1988-1994 and 1999-2002, and substantial improvements occurred in the awareness, treatment, and control of high LDL cholesterol in this population...
  44. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with hypertension control in the general population of the United States
    Jiang He
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1430 Tulane Ave SL18, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1051-8. 2002
    ..Uncontrolled hypertension is the most common and important risk factor for cardiovascular and renal disease. We studied factors associated with hypertension control in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
  45. ncbi request reprint Serum total and lipoprotein cholesterol levels and awareness, treatment, and control of hypercholesterolemia in China
    Jiang He
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1430 Tulane Ave SL18, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Circulation 110:405-11. 2004
    ..Cardiovascular disease has become the leading cause of death in China. We examined the levels of serum total and lipoprotein cholesterol and status of awareness, treatment, and control of hypercholesterolemia in China...
  46. pmc Low hemoglobin levels and recurrent falls in U.S. men and women: prospective findings from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort
    C Barrett Bowling
    Birmingham Atlanta Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA
    Am J Med Sci 345:446-54. 2013
    ..There are few data available on low hemoglobin and incident falls in the general U.S. population...
  47. pmc Prevalence and correlates of low medication adherence in apparent treatment-resistant hypertension
    Marguerite R Irvin
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 14:694-700. 2012
    ..In the current study, a small percentage of participants with aTRH had low adherence...
  48. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and predictors of poor antihypertensive medication adherence in an urban health clinic setting
    Amanda D Hyre
    School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University, and Ochsner Clinic Foundation, Center for Health Research, New Orleans, LA 70121, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 9:179-86. 2007
    ..The current study identified a set of risk factors for poor antihypertensive medication adherence in the urban setting...
  49. ncbi request reprint Relation of borderline peripheral arterial disease to cardiovascular disease risk
    Andy Menke
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    Am J Cardiol 98:1226-30. 2006
    ..In conclusion, subjects with a low-normal ABI or with borderline PAD need screening for CVD risk factors, and interventions may be appropriate to prevent cardiovascular events...
  50. doi request reprint Evaluating the Framingham hypertension risk prediction model in young adults: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study
    April P Carson
    1720 2nd Ave S, RPHB 220, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022
    Hypertension 62:1015-20. 2013
    ..6; P=0.067). In summary, the FHS model performed better than prehypertension and may be a useful tool for identifying young adults with a high risk for developing hypertension. ..
  51. pmc Association of prediabetes and diabetes with stroke symptoms: the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study
    April P Carson
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Diabetes Care 35:1845-52. 2012
    ..Few studies have assessed whether individuals with diabetes or prediabetes, but no physician diagnosis of stroke, have an increased prevalence of stroke symptoms...
  52. pmc Blood pressure indexes and end-stage renal disease risk in adults with chronic kidney disease
    Emmy K Bell
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Am J Hypertens 25:789-96. 2012
    ..Few studies have compared different blood pressure (BP) indexes for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) risk among individuals with chronic kidney disease...
  53. doi request reprint Epidemiology of obesity, the metabolic syndrome, and chronic kidney disease
    Rikki M Tanner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Boulevard, Suite 230J, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Curr Hypertens Rep 14:152-9. 2012
    ..Evidence suggests that lifestyle modifications such as weight reduction, reduced dietary fat intake and cholesterol, and pharmacologic treatments may reduce the burden of MetS and thus the risk for CKD, albuminuria, and ESRD...
  54. ncbi request reprint Effect of blood pressure on early decline in kidney function among hypertensive men
    Suma Vupputuri
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA
    Hypertension 42:1144-9. 2003
    ..These results indicate that better blood pressure control might prevent the onset of chronic kidney disease among hypertensives...
  55. doi request reprint Association of estimated glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in general population cohorts: a collaborative meta-analysis
    Kunihiro Matsushita
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2024 E Monument, Suite 2 630, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Lancet 375:2073-81. 2010
    ..We undertook a meta-analysis to assess the independent and combined associations of eGFR and albuminuria with mortality...
  56. ncbi request reprint Association of kidney function with anemia: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994)
    Brad C Astor
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1401-8. 2002
    ..Kidney failure is known to cause anemia, which is associated with a higher risk of cardiac failure and mortality. The impact of milder decreases in kidney function on hemoglobin levels and anemia in the US population, however, is unknown...
  57. ncbi request reprint Secular trends in cardiovascular disease mortality, incidence, and case fatality rates in adults in the United States
    Ahmet Ergin
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Am J Med 117:219-27. 2004
    ..To assess the effects of changes in cardiovascular disease incidence and case fatality rates on secular trends in mortality in the U.S. population between 1971-1982 and 1982-1992...
  58. pmc Prevalence of apparent treatment-resistant hypertension among individuals with CKD
    Rikki M Tanner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 8:1583-90. 2013
    ....
  59. pmc Health Professional Shortage Areas, insurance status, and cardiovascular disease prevention in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study
    Todd M Brown
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 22:1179-89. 2011
    ..Less medication use for CVD prevention was not associated with HPSA status, but less statin use was associated with lack of insurance...
  60. ncbi request reprint Trends in blood pressure among children and adolescents
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    JAMA 291:2107-13. 2004
    ..The prevalence of overweight among children and adolescents increased between 1988 and 2000. The change in blood pressure among children and adolescents over that time and the role of overweight is unknown...
  61. ncbi request reprint History of myocardial infarction and stroke among incident end-stage renal disease cases and population-based controls: an analysis of shared risk factors
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 40:323-30. 2002
    ..A history of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke is more common among incident cases of treated end-stage renal disease (ESRD) than in the general US population...
  62. ncbi request reprint Continued decline in blood lead levels among adults in the United States: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:2155-61. 2005
    ..Declines in blood lead levels between 1976 and 1991 among US adults have been previously reported. More recent trends in blood lead levels and the association of lower blood lead levels with chronic disease have not been reported...
  63. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular risk among adults with chronic kidney disease, with or without prior myocardial infarction
    Keattiyoat Wattanakit
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454 1015, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 48:1183-9. 2006
    ..This study sought to determine whether chronic kidney disease (CKD) should be considered a coronary heart disease (CHD) risk equivalent for cholesterol treatment...
  64. ncbi request reprint Relation of inflammation to peripheral arterial disease in the national health and nutrition examination survey, 1999-2002
    Rachel P Wildman
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA
    Am J Cardiol 96:1579-83. 2005
    ..26 (95% CI 1.69 to 6.28) for current smokers versus 0.83 (95% CI 0.51 to 1.35) for never smokers (p interaction=0.006). In conclusion, in the general United States adult population, inflammation is independently associated with PAD...
  65. pmc Ethnic differences in hypertension incidence among middle-aged and older adults: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis
    April P Carson
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Hypertension 57:1101-7. 2011
    ..Public health prevention programs tailored to middle-aged and older adults are needed to eliminate ethnic disparities in incident hypertension...
  66. ncbi request reprint The risk for mild kidney function decline associated with illicit drug use among hypertensive men
    Suma Vupputuri
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 43:629-35. 2004
    ..Few studies have examined the deleterious effect of illicit drug use on kidney function...
  67. ncbi request reprint Trends in ATP-III-defined high blood cholesterol prevalence, awareness, treatment and control among U.S. adults
    Amanda D Hyre
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:548-55. 2007
    ..We sought to determine trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol among U.S. adults...
  68. pmc Cadmium levels in urine and mortality among U.S. adults
    Andy Menke
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:190-6. 2009
    ..However, studies investigating this association have included participants with considerably higher levels of cadmium than those found in the general population...
  69. pmc Psychosocial status of hemodialysis patients one year after Hurricane Katrina
    Amanda D Hyre
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    Am J Med Sci 336:94-8. 2008
    ..Hemodialysis patients experience a high degree of psychosocial impairment...
  70. ncbi request reprint Measures of adiposity and cardiovascular disease risk factors
    Andy Menke
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:785-95. 2007
    ..To determine which of five measures of adiposity maintains the strongest association with cardiovascular disease risk factors...
  71. doi request reprint Low hemoglobin A1c and risk of all-cause mortality among US adults without diabetes
    April P Carson
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0022, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 3:661-7. 2010
    ..Among individuals without diabetes, elevated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality, but the literature is sparse regarding the prognostic importance of low HbA1c...
  72. ncbi request reprint The contribution of increased diabetes prevalence and improved myocardial infarction and stroke survival to the increase in treated end-stage renal disease
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 14:1568-77. 2003
    ..The increasing number of treated ESRD cases in the United States is partly explained by the increase in diabetes prevalence and US population growth but only minimally by MI and stroke survival...
  73. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder among hemodialysis patients following Hurricane Katrina
    Amanda D Hyre
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 50:585-93. 2007
    ..Patients with end-stage renal disease reliant on maintenance hemodialysis therapy may be particularly susceptible to developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after natural disasters...
  74. pmc Age-specific associations of reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate with concurrent chronic kidney disease complications
    C Barrett Bowling
    Birmingham Atlanta Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 6:2822-8. 2011
    ..It has been suggested that moderate reductions in estimated GFR (eGFR) among older adults may not reflect chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
  75. pmc Chronic kidney disease and risk of death from infection
    Henry E Wang
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 619 19th Street South, Birmingham, AL 35249, USA
    Am J Nephrol 34:330-6. 2011
    ..This study sought to determine the association between predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) and infection-related mortality...
  76. pmc Imputation of incident events in longitudinal cohort studies
    George Howard
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Ryals Building, Room 327D, 1665 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 174:718-26. 2011
    ....
  77. ncbi request reprint Comparison of percent of United States adults weighing>or=300 pounds (136 kilograms) in three time periods and comparison of five atherosclerotic risk factors for those weighing>or=300 pounds to those<300 pounds
    Ruth N Mondolfi
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    Am J Cardiol 100:1651-3. 2007
    ..The clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors associated with morbid obesity and the exclusion from diagnostic imaging may affect those most in need of such procedures...
  78. ncbi request reprint Effect of dietary fiber intake on blood pressure: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
    Jiang He
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    J Hypertens 22:73-80. 2004
    ..To examine the effect of dietary fiber intake on blood pressure (BP)...
  79. ncbi request reprint Alcohol intake and hypertension subtypes in Chinese men
    Rachel P Wildman
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    J Hypertens 23:737-43. 2005
    ..To examine the associations between alcohol intake and isolated systolic hypertension (ISH), systolic-diastolic hypertension (SDH), and isolated diastolic hypertension (IDH)...
  80. ncbi request reprint Exposure to radiologic contrast media and an increased risk of treated end-stage renal disease
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    Am J Med Sci 326:353-9. 2003
    ..Radiologic contrast media can cause acute renal failure, but whether their repeated use is associated with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is unknown...
  81. ncbi request reprint Association of tibia lead and blood lead with end-stage renal disease: a pilot study of African-Americans
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Environ Res 104:396-401. 2007
    ..g., 5-20 microg/g) were 1.55 (95% CI: 0.55, 4.41) and 1.88 (95% CI: 0.53, 6.68), respectively. These findings support the need for prospective cohort studies of body lead burden and renal disease progression...
  82. doi request reprint Impact of childhood metabolic syndrome components on the risk of elevated uric acid in adulthood: the Bogalusa Heart Study
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    Am J Med Sci 335:332-7. 2008
    ..Cross-sectional studies indicate metabolic syndrome is a risk factor for elevated serum uric acid. However, longitudinal data on this association are limited...
  83. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of non-traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors among persons with impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, diabetes, and the metabolic syndrome: analysis of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 14:686-95. 2004
    ..To calculate the prevalence of non-traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors across diabetes status and for persons with and without the metabolic syndrome...
  84. pmc Common variants in epithelial sodium channel genes contribute to salt sensitivity of blood pressure: The GenSalt study
    Qi Zhao
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Genet 4:375-80. 2011
    ..We aimed to examine the association between common variants in the ENaC genes and salt sensitivity of blood pressure (BP)...
  85. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with hypertension awareness, treatment, and control in a representative sample of the chinese population
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University, SPHTM 1430 Tulane Avenue, SL 18 New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Hypertension 43:578-85. 2004
    ..59; 1.11, 2.27). These data identify potential methods for improving blood pressure control in China through the identification, follow-up, and lifestyle modification of persons with high blood pressure...
  86. pmc Cohort study of medication adherence in older adults (CoSMO): extended effects of Hurricane Katrina on medication adherence among older adults
    Tareq Islam
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    Am J Med Sci 336:105-10. 2008
    ..The extended effect of Hurricane Katrina on antihypertensive medication adherence is not well characterized...
  87. pmc Gender difference in blood pressure responses to dietary sodium intervention in the GenSalt study
    Jiang He
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    J Hypertens 27:48-54. 2009
    ..To examine factors related to blood pressure (BP) responses to dietary sodium and potassium interventions...
  88. ncbi request reprint Blood lead and chronic kidney disease in the general United States population: results from NHANES III
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    Kidney Int 63:1044-50. 2003
    ..High lead exposure is associated with hypertension and renal dysfunction but the effect of low-level environmental exposure is not as well studied...
  89. pmc Prevalence of physical activity among Chinese adults: results from the International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University SPHTM, 1430 Tulane Ave, SL 18, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1631-6. 2005
    ..Therefore, we assessed overall, work-related, and leisure-time physical activity in a representative sample of Chinese adults, aged 35 to 74 years, using data from the International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia...
  90. pmc Kidney function, albuminuria, and all-cause mortality in the REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) study
    David G Warnock
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 56:861-71. 2010
    ..Chronic kidney disease and albuminuria are associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality...
  91. doi request reprint Acute kidney injury in sepsis: questions answered, but others remain
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0007, USA
    Kidney Int 77:485-7. 2010
    ..Chronic kidney disease appears to increase the risk of developing AKI, while short- and long-term mortality risks were associated with the absolute increase in serum creatinine during hospitalization...
  92. ncbi request reprint Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data
    Patricia M Kearney
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Lancet 365:217-23. 2005
    ..We aimed to pool data from different regions of the world to estimate the overall prevalence and absolute burden of hypertension in 2000, and to estimate the global burden in 2025...
  93. ncbi request reprint Development of a cardiovascular calcification index using simple imaging tools in haemodialysis patients
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University, 1140 Canal Street, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 22:508-14. 2007
    ..Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is highly prevalent in haemodialysis patients and is associated with cardiovascular outcomes. Though cardiac computed tomography (CCT) is accurate, it is not widely available...
  94. doi request reprint Missed dialysis sessions and hospitalization in hemodialysis patients after Hurricane Katrina
    Amanda H Anderson
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Los Angeles, USA
    Kidney Int 75:1202-8. 2009
    ..16 (95% CI: 1.05-4.43). These findings suggest that when preparing for future disasters more emphasis needs to be placed on patient awareness and early execution of emergency plans...
  95. doi request reprint Estimated burden of blood lead levels 5 microg/dl in 1999-2002 and declines from 1988 to 1994
    Shahed Iqbal
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, SL 18, New Orleans, LA 70112 2699, USA
    Environ Res 107:305-11. 2008
    ..Significant public health resources will have to be mobilized for intervention, screening, and case management of these children...
  96. pmc Comparison of A1C and fasting glucose criteria to diagnose diabetes among U.S. adults
    April P Carson
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Diabetes Care 33:95-7. 2010
    ..To compare A1C and fasting glucose for the diagnosis of diabetes among U.S. adults...
  97. ncbi request reprint The impact of reclassifying moderate CKD as a coronary heart disease risk equivalent on the number of US adults recommended lipid-lowering treatment
    Amanda D Hyre
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 49:37-45. 2007
    ..59 mmol/L]) for adults with coronary heart disease risk equivalents. Chronic kidney disease is associated with increased coronary heart disease risk but is not included as a risk equivalent in these guidelines...
  98. pmc Association of dietary sodium and potassium intakes with albuminuria in normal-weight, overweight, and obese participants in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study
    Kristal J Aaron
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:1071-8. 2011
    ..Among obese adults, sodium intake has been associated with cardiovascular disease. Few data are available on sodium intake and albuminuria, a marker of kidney damage and risk factor for cardiovascular disease...
  99. ncbi request reprint Predictors of variation in office visit interval assignment
    Karen B DeSalvo
    Section of General Internal Medicine, Tulane School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, New Orleans, LA 70012, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 15:399-405. 2003
    ..Our objective was to examine whether predictors of RVI assignment that we had assessed using vignettes were also significant in the actual patient care setting...
  100. ncbi request reprint Reliability of a medication adherence measure in an outpatient setting
    Marie Krousel-Wood
    Research Division, Ochsner Clinic Foundation, Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70121, USA
    Am J Med Sci 330:128-33. 2005
    ..The objective of the current study was to determine the reliability of the Hill-Bone Compliance Scale among elderly hypertensive patients...
  101. ncbi request reprint Trends in stroke prevalence between 1973 and 1991 in the US population 25 to 74 years of age
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Stroke 33:1209-13. 2002
    ..The effect of these trends on the prevalence and number of stroke survivors in the United States has not been determined...