E D Milligan

Summary

Affiliation: University of Colorado
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The long term acute phase-like responses that follow acute stressor exposure are blocked by alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone
    E D Milligan
    Department of Psychology, Campus Box 345, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Brain Res 810:48-58. 1998
  2. ncbi request reprint Controlling pathological pain by adenovirally driven spinal production of the anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-10
    Erin D Milligan
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of CO at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 21:2136-48. 2005
  3. pmc Controlling neuropathic pain by adeno-associated virus driven production of the anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-10
    Erin D Milligan
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of CO at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 USA
    Mol Pain 1:9. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Intrathecal HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 induces enhanced pain states mediated by spinal cord proinflammatory cytokines
    E D Milligan
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 0345, USA
    J Neurosci 21:2808-19. 2001
  5. ncbi request reprint Sciatic inflammatory neuritis (SIN): behavioral allodynia is paralleled by peri-sciatic proinflammatory cytokine and superoxide production
    L S Gazda
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neurosciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, 80309-0345, USA
    J Peripher Nerv Syst 6:111-29. 2001
  6. pmc Intrathecal interleukin-10 gene therapy attenuates paclitaxel-induced mechanical allodynia and proinflammatory cytokine expression in dorsal root ganglia in rats
    Annemarie Ledeboer
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 21:686-98. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia produced by intrathecal administration of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein, gp120
    E D Milligan
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado at Boulder, Campus Box 345, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Brain Res 861:105-16. 2000
  8. pmc Anti-inflammatory cytokine gene therapy decreases sensory and motor dysfunction in experimental Multiple Sclerosis: MOG-EAE behavioral and anatomical symptom treatment with cytokine gene therapy
    Evan Sloane
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado, CU Boulder 345, CO 80305, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 23:92-100. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Spinal glia and proinflammatory cytokines mediate mirror-image neuropathic pain in rats
    Erin D Milligan
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309 0345, USA
    J Neurosci 23:1026-40. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint A role for proinflammatory cytokines and fractalkine in analgesia, tolerance, and subsequent pain facilitation induced by chronic intrathecal morphine
    Ian N Johnston
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
    J Neurosci 24:7353-65. 2004

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications39

  1. ncbi request reprint The long term acute phase-like responses that follow acute stressor exposure are blocked by alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone
    E D Milligan
    Department of Psychology, Campus Box 345, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Brain Res 810:48-58. 1998
    ..These data provide support for a specific mode of action for i.c.v. alpha-MSH(1-13), namely blockade of APRs with no impact on acute hyperthermia or increased levels of CORT produced during IS...
  2. ncbi request reprint Controlling pathological pain by adenovirally driven spinal production of the anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-10
    Erin D Milligan
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of CO at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 21:2136-48. 2005
    ..These studies support that this gene therapy approach provides an alternative to neuronally focused drug and gene therapies for clinical pain control...
  3. pmc Controlling neuropathic pain by adeno-associated virus driven production of the anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-10
    Erin D Milligan
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of CO at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 USA
    Mol Pain 1:9. 2005
    ..Taken together, these data provide initial support that intrathecal gene therapy to drive the production of IL-10 may prove to be an efficacious treatment for neuropathic pain...
  4. ncbi request reprint Intrathecal HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 induces enhanced pain states mediated by spinal cord proinflammatory cytokines
    E D Milligan
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 0345, USA
    J Neurosci 21:2808-19. 2001
    ..These results support the concept that activated glia in dorsal spinal cord can create exaggerated pain states via the release of proinflammatory cytokines...
  5. ncbi request reprint Sciatic inflammatory neuritis (SIN): behavioral allodynia is paralleled by peri-sciatic proinflammatory cytokine and superoxide production
    L S Gazda
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neurosciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, 80309-0345, USA
    J Peripher Nerv Syst 6:111-29. 2001
    ..Taken together, these data suggest that substances released by peri-sciatic immune cells may induce changes in the sciatic nerve, leading to the appearance of bilateral allodynia...
  6. pmc Intrathecal interleukin-10 gene therapy attenuates paclitaxel-induced mechanical allodynia and proinflammatory cytokine expression in dorsal root ganglia in rats
    Annemarie Ledeboer
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 21:686-98. 2007
    ..We propose that targeting the production of proinflammatory cytokines by intrathecal IL-10 gene therapy may be a promising therapeutic strategy for the relief of paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain...
  7. ncbi request reprint Thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia produced by intrathecal administration of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein, gp120
    E D Milligan
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado at Boulder, Campus Box 345, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Brain Res 861:105-16. 2000
    ..Lastly, both thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia to i.t. gp120 were blocked by spinal pretreatment with drugs (fluorocitrate and CNI-1493) thought to preferentially disrupt glial function...
  8. pmc Anti-inflammatory cytokine gene therapy decreases sensory and motor dysfunction in experimental Multiple Sclerosis: MOG-EAE behavioral and anatomical symptom treatment with cytokine gene therapy
    Evan Sloane
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado, CU Boulder 345, CO 80305, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 23:92-100. 2009
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Spinal glia and proinflammatory cytokines mediate mirror-image neuropathic pain in rats
    Erin D Milligan
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309 0345, USA
    J Neurosci 23:1026-40. 2003
    ..These results provide the first evidence that ipsilateral and mirror-image inflammatory neuropathy pain are created both acutely and chronically through glial and proinflammatory cytokine actions...
  10. ncbi request reprint A role for proinflammatory cytokines and fractalkine in analgesia, tolerance, and subsequent pain facilitation induced by chronic intrathecal morphine
    Ian N Johnston
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
    J Neurosci 24:7353-65. 2004
    ..Taken together, these results suggest that IL-1 and fractalkine are endogenous regulators of morphine analgesia and are involved in the increases in pain sensitivity that occur after chronic opiates...
  11. ncbi request reprint Spinal cord glia and interleukin-1 do not appear to mediate persistent allodynia induced by intramuscular acidic saline in rats
    Annemarie Ledeboer
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, 80309 0345, USA
    J Pain 7:757-67. 2006
    ..Taken together, the present data suggest that acidic saline-induced bilateral allodynia is created independently of glial activation...
  12. ncbi request reprint A method for increasing the viability of the external portion of lumbar catheters placed in the spinal subarachnoid space of rats
    E D Milligan
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado at Boulder, 80309 0345, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 90:81-6. 1999
    ..Approximately 5.5% of animals implanted showed very mild and transient neurological impairment...
  13. pmc Long-term control of neuropathic pain in a non-viral gene therapy paradigm
    E M Sloane
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
    Gene Ther 16:470-5. 2009
    ..Timing and dose requirements leading to long-term pain control are discussed in this review, as is recent work using microparticle-encapsulated DNA to achieve long-term therapeutic efficacy with a single injection...
  14. pmc Release of plasmid DNA-encoding IL-10 from PLGA microparticles facilitates long-term reversal of neuropathic pain following a single intrathecal administration
    Ryan Gene Soderquist
    Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado at Boulder, 424 UCB, Boulder, Colorado, 80309, USA
    Pharm Res 27:841-54. 2010
    ..In this work, the potential of plasmid DNA-encoding IL-10 (pDNA-IL-10) slowly released from biodegradable microparticles to provide long-term pain relief in an animal model of neuropathic pain was investigated...
  15. pmc Interleukin-6 mediates low-threshold mechanical allodynia induced by intrathecal HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120
    Diana K Schoeniger-Skinner
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 30809 0345, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 21:660-7. 2007
    ..These results would suggest that IL-6 induces pain facilitation, and may do so in part by stimulating the production and release of other pro-inflammatory cytokines...
  16. ncbi request reprint Glial activation: a driving force for pathological pain
    L R Watkins
    Dept of Psychology and the Center for Neurosciences, University of Colorado at, Boulder, CO, USA
    Trends Neurosci 24:450-5. 2001
    ..Taken together, these findings suggest a new, dramatically different approach to pain control, as all clinical therapies are focused exclusively on altering neuronal, rather than glial, function...
  17. ncbi request reprint Evidence that exogenous and endogenous fractalkine can induce spinal nociceptive facilitation in rats
    E D Milligan
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 20:2294-302. 2004
    ..Taken together, these initial investigations of spinal fractalkine effects suggest that exogenous and endogenous fractalkine are involved in spinal sensitization, including that induced by peripheral neuropathy...
  18. ncbi request reprint Peri-sciatic proinflammatory cytokines, reactive oxygen species, and complement induce mirror-image neuropathic pain in rats
    Carin M Twining
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Campus Box 345 Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Pain 110:299-309. 2004
    ..Thus these immune-derived substances can markedly alter sensory nerve function at mid-axon...
  19. pmc Norman Cousins Lecture. Glia as the "bad guys": implications for improving clinical pain control and the clinical utility of opioids
    Linda R Watkins
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, Muenzinger D 244, Campus Box 345, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 21:131-46. 2007
    ....
  20. pmc Intrathecal polymer-based interleukin-10 gene delivery for neuropathic pain
    Erin D Milligan
    Department of Psychology, Campus Box 345, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Neuron Glia Biol 2:293-308. 2006
    ..In conclusion, synthetic polymers used as i.t. gene-delivery systems are well-tolerated and improve the long-duration efficacy of pDNA-IL-10 gene therapy...
  21. ncbi request reprint Glial proinflammatory cytokines mediate exaggerated pain states: implications for clinical pain
    Linda R Watkins
    Department of Psychology, Center for Neurosciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, USA
    Adv Exp Med Biol 521:1-21. 2003
    ..The take-home message is that drugs that target glia and the chemical substances that these glia release are predicted to be powerful remedies for pain problems in people...
  22. ncbi request reprint Further characterization of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) as a proinflammatory cytokine: central nervous system effects
    Kevin A O'Connor
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Cytokine 24:254-65. 2003
    ..Nonetheless, these data suggest that HMGB1 may play a role as an endogenous pyrogen and support the concept that HMGB1 has proinflammatory characteristics within the central nervous system...
  23. ncbi request reprint Repeated intrathecal injections of plasmid DNA encoding interleukin-10 produce prolonged reversal of neuropathic pain
    Erin D Milligan
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of CO at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Pain 126:294-308. 2006
    ..Together, these data suggest that intrathecal IL-10 gene therapy may provide a novel approach for prolonged clinical pain control...
  24. ncbi request reprint Minocycline attenuates mechanical allodynia and proinflammatory cytokine expression in rat models of pain facilitation
    Annemarie Ledeboer
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Campus Box 345, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Pain 115:71-83. 2005
    ..Taken together these data highlight the importance of microglial activation in the development of exaggerated pain states...
  25. pmc Enduring reversal of neuropathic pain by a single intrathecal injection of adenosine 2A receptor agonists: a novel therapy for neuropathic pain
    Lisa C Loram
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neurosciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    J Neurosci 29:14015-25. 2009
    ..Activation of A(2A)Rs after intrathecal administration may be a novel, therapeutic approach for the treatment of neuropathic pain by increasing IL-10 in the immunocompetent cells of the CNS...
  26. pmc "Listening" and "talking" to neurons: implications of immune activation for pain control and increasing the efficacy of opioids
    Linda R Watkins
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Brain Res Rev 56:148-69. 2007
    ..Such changes in neuronal function would be expected to occur wherever immune-derived substances come in close contact with neurons...
  27. pmc PEGylation of interleukin-10 for the mitigation of enhanced pain states
    Ryan G Soderquist
    Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
    J Biomed Mater Res A 93:1169-79. 2010
    ..This suggests that PEGylation is a viable strategy for the short-term treatment or, in conjunction with other approaches, the long-term treatment of enhanced pain states...
  28. pmc Intrathecal injection of naked plasmid DNA provides long-term expression of secreted proteins
    Travis S Hughes
    Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 0347, USA
    Mol Ther 17:88-94. 2009
    ..These data suggest that naked DNA has the potential to be used as a therapeutic tool for applications that require long-term release of transgenes into the CSF...
  29. pmc Immunogenicity of intrathecal plasmid gene delivery: cytokine release and effects on transgene expression
    Travis S Hughes
    Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of CO, Boulder, CO, USA
    J Gene Med 11:782-90. 2009
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Activation of the spinal cord complement cascade might contribute to mechanical allodynia induced by three animal models of spinal sensitization
    Carin M Twining
    Department of Psychology and the Center of Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, 80309, USA
    J Pain 6:174-83. 2005
    ..These data suggest that complement activation within the spinal cord might contribute to enhanced pain states and provide additional evidence for immune regulation of pain transmission...
  31. ncbi request reprint Spinal gap junctions: potential involvement in pain facilitation
    Leah E Spataro
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 90309 0345, USA
    J Pain 5:392-405. 2004
    ..In addition, it decreased gp120-induced proinflammatory cytokines. This suggests gap junction activation might lead to proinflammatory cytokine release by distantly activated glia...
  32. doi request reprint PEGylation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor for preserved biological activity and enhanced spinal cord distribution
    Ryan G Soderquist
    Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado at Boulder, 424 UCB, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
    J Biomed Mater Res A 91:719-29. 2009
    ..Furthermore, PEGylation may be a promising approach for enhancing intrathecal delivery of therapeutic proteins with potential for treating disease and injury in the spinal cord...
  33. ncbi request reprint Sciatic inflammatory neuropathy in the rat: surgical procedures, induction of inflammation, and behavioral testing
    Erin D Milligan
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
    Methods Mol Med 99:67-89. 2004
    ..Methods for testing allodynia and for data analysis are additionally described so to provide all the steps needed for behavioral experimentation...
  34. ncbi request reprint HIV-1 gp120 stimulates proinflammatory cytokine-mediated pain facilitation via activation of nitric oxide synthase-I (nNOS)
    Adelina Holguin
    Department of Psychology and the Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Pain 110:517-30. 2004
    ..Furthermore, gp120 increases mRNA for IL1 converting enzyme and matrix metalloproteinase-9, enzymes responsible for activation and release of proinflammatory cytokines...
  35. ncbi request reprint Snake venom phospholipase A2s (Asp49 and Lys49) induce mechanical allodynia upon peri-sciatic administration: involvement of spinal cord glia, proinflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide
    Marucia Chacur
    Instituto Butantan, Sao Paolo, Brazil
    Pain 108:180-91. 2004
    ..As a variety of immune cells also produce and release sPLA2s during inflammatory states, the data may have general implications for the understanding of inflammatory pain...
  36. ncbi request reprint Intrathecal gene transfer by adeno-associated virus for pain
    Andreas S Beutler
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology Oncology, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Curr Opin Mol Ther 7:431-9. 2005
    ..AAV vectors may therefore become an important tool for translational studies to validate newly identified therapeutic targets in clinical pain states...
  37. ncbi request reprint Snake venom components enhance pain upon subcutaneous injection: an initial examination of spinal cord mediators
    Marucia Chacur
    Laboratorio de Fisiopatologia, Instituto Butantan, Av Vital Brazil, 1500, 05503 900 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Pain 111:65-76. 2004
    ..Lastly, celecoxib, an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2, attenuated sPLA2 actions. These data provide the first evidence of spinal mediators involved in pain facilitation induced by subcutaneous venoms...
  38. ncbi request reprint Fractalkine (CX3CL1) and fractalkine receptor (CX3CR1) distribution in spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia under basal and neuropathic pain conditions
    Gail M Verge
    Neurocrine Biosciences, 12790 El Camino Real, San Diego, CA 92130, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 20:1150-60. 2004
    ..The cellular distribution of fractalkine and CX3CR1 in the spinal circuit associated with nociceptive transmission supports a potential role in the mechanisms that contribute to the exaggerated pain state in these models of neuropathy...
  39. ncbi request reprint Cannabinoids for the treatment of neuropathic pain: clinical evidence
    John C Ashton
    University of Otago, Otago School of Medical Sciences, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Curr Opin Investig Drugs 9:65-75. 2008
    ..The development of cannabinoid drugs to target neuropathic pain with improved therapeutic ratios will depend upon the development of cannabinoid treatments with reduced psychoactivity...