Gerald McGwin

Summary

Affiliation: University of Alabama at Birmingham
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Adrenal gland hematomas in trauma patients
    Atif I Rana
    Department of Radiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35249, USA
    Radiology 230:669-75. 2004
  2. pmc Blood transfusion in the critically ill: does storage age matter?
    Marianne J Vandromme
    Department of Surgery, Center for Injury Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 17:35. 2009
  3. ncbi request reprint Association between side air bags and risk of injury in motor vehicle collisions with near-side impact
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0016, USA
    J Trauma 55:430-4; discussion 434-6. 2003
  4. ncbi request reprint Knowledge, beliefs, and practices concerning seat belt use during pregnancy
    Gerald McGwin
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Trauma 56:670-5. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint A comparison of three sources of data on child homicide
    Jacquelyn M Lyman
    120 Kracke Building, 1922 7th Avenue South, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Death Stud 28:659-69. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint The effect of state motorcycle licensing laws on motorcycle driver mortality rates
    Gerald McGwin
    Secction of Trauma, Burns and Surgical Critical Care, Division of General Surgery, Departmnet of Surgery, School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0016, USA
    J Trauma 56:415-9. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint A focused educational intervention can promote the proper application of seat belts during pregnancy
    Gerald McGwin
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Trauma 56:1016-21. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint The association between occupant restraint systems and risk of injury in frontal motor vehicle collisions
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    J Trauma 54:1182-7. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Occupant- and collision-related risk factors for blunt thoracic aorta injury
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Center for Injury Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0016, USA
    J Trauma 54:655-60; discussion 660-2. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint The association between cataract and mortality among older adults
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Epidemiology and International Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL, USA
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 10:107-19. 2003

Research Grants

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications97

  1. ncbi request reprint Adrenal gland hematomas in trauma patients
    Atif I Rana
    Department of Radiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35249, USA
    Radiology 230:669-75. 2004
    ..To evaluate the frequency of detection of trauma-induced adrenal gland hematoma in current practice by using computed tomography (CT) and to correlate presence of adrenal hematoma with quantitative clinical indicators of injury severity...
  2. pmc Blood transfusion in the critically ill: does storage age matter?
    Marianne J Vandromme
    Department of Surgery, Center for Injury Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 17:35. 2009
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Association between side air bags and risk of injury in motor vehicle collisions with near-side impact
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0016, USA
    J Trauma 55:430-4; discussion 434-6. 2003
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of SABs in reducing the risk of injury or death in near-side-impact MVCs...
  4. ncbi request reprint Knowledge, beliefs, and practices concerning seat belt use during pregnancy
    Gerald McGwin
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Trauma 56:670-5. 2004
    ..This study seeks to evaluate the comprehension of and attitudes toward proper restraint use among women attending prenatal care clinics...
  5. ncbi request reprint A comparison of three sources of data on child homicide
    Jacquelyn M Lyman
    120 Kracke Building, 1922 7th Avenue South, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Death Stud 28:659-69. 2004
    ..However, the UCR is a valuable source of child homicide data in the United States that is underutilized in public health research...
  6. ncbi request reprint The effect of state motorcycle licensing laws on motorcycle driver mortality rates
    Gerald McGwin
    Secction of Trauma, Burns and Surgical Critical Care, Division of General Surgery, Departmnet of Surgery, School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0016, USA
    J Trauma 56:415-9. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between motorcycle licensing and operation regulations and motorcycle mortality rates in the United States during 1997 through 1999...
  7. ncbi request reprint A focused educational intervention can promote the proper application of seat belts during pregnancy
    Gerald McGwin
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Trauma 56:1016-21. 2004
    ..Misconceptions as to the effects of restraint use on the fetus and a lack of instruction as to proper restraint positioning contribute to this problem...
  8. ncbi request reprint The association between occupant restraint systems and risk of injury in frontal motor vehicle collisions
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    J Trauma 54:1182-7. 2003
    ..An evaluation of seat belt use and airbag deployment, either alone or in combination, on risk of injury to specific body regions has yet to be completed...
  9. ncbi request reprint Occupant- and collision-related risk factors for blunt thoracic aorta injury
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Center for Injury Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0016, USA
    J Trauma 54:655-60; discussion 660-2. 2003
    ..Blunt thoracic aortic injury (BAI) is a rare and highly lethal injury. We sought to identify occupant and collision characteristics associated with motor vehicle collision (MVC)-related BAI...
  10. ncbi request reprint The association between cataract and mortality among older adults
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Epidemiology and International Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL, USA
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 10:107-19. 2003
    ..Previous research has suggested that persons with cataract have an increased risk of death...
  11. ncbi request reprint Incidence and characteristics of motor vehicle collision-related blunt thoracic aortic injury according to age
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Surgery, Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Division of General Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0016, USA
    J Trauma 52:859-65; discussion 865-6. 2002
    ..The goal of the present study is to test this hypothesis using population-based data...
  12. ncbi request reprint The influence of side airbags on the risk of head and thoracic injury after motor vehicle collisions
    Gerald McGwin
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0016, USA
    J Trauma 56:512-6; discussion 516-7. 2004
    ..Side airbags (SABs) were developed as an energy-absorbing barrier to protect specific occupant body regions in near side impact motor vehicle collisions...
  13. ncbi request reprint Preexisting conditions and mortality in older trauma patients
    Gerald McGwin
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Trauma 56:1291-6. 2004
    ..This study evaluated the association between preexisting CMCs and risk of death among older trauma patients according to injury severity...
  14. doi request reprint Traumatic brain injury is associated with the development of deep vein thrombosis independent of pharmacological prophylaxis
    Donald A Reiff
    Department of Surgery, Section of Trauma, Burns and Surgical Critical Care, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Trauma 66:1436-40. 2009
    ..Our objective was to determine the association of traumatic brain injury (TBI) to the formation of DVT irrespective of the use of anticoagulation therapy...
  15. ncbi request reprint Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of Heidelberg Retina Tomograph II and Heidelberg Retina Tomograph 3 to discriminate glaucomatous and nonglaucomatous eyes
    Julio E De Leon-Ortega
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 144:525-32. 2007
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Transfusions in the less severely injured: does age of transfused blood affect outcomes?
    Jordan A Weinberg
    Center for Injury Sciences, Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Trauma 65:794-8. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between the age of stored blood and the morbidity and mortality in a mild to moderately injured patient cohort...
  17. ncbi request reprint Using the Short Form 6D, as an overall measure of health, to predict damage accrual and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: XLVII, results from a multiethnic US cohort
    Mónica Fernández
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 57:986-92. 2007
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Comparison of the Moorfields classification using confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and subjective optic disc classification in detecting glaucoma in blacks and whites
    Christopher A Girkin
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA
    Ophthalmology 113:2144-9. 2006
    ..To compare the diagnostic accuracy of the Moorfields regression classification (MRC) and subjective optic disc evaluation in discriminating early to moderate glaucomatous from nonglaucomatous eyes...
  19. doi request reprint Intubation patterns and outcomes in patients with computed tomography-verified traumatic brain injury
    Marianne J Vandromme
    Department of Surgery, Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Trauma 71:1615-9. 2011
    ..This study evaluated the impact of PH intubation in patients with PH GCS score ≤8 and radiographically proven TBI...
  20. ncbi request reprint Prospective identification of patients at risk for massive transfusion: an imprecise endeavor
    Marianne J Vandromme
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    Am Surg 77:155-61. 2011
    ..Given prospective identification of patients at risk for MT remains an imprecise undertaking, appropriate resources to support these efforts will need to be allocated for the completion of these studies...
  21. pmc Effect of hydroxychloroquine on the survival of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: data from LUMINA, a multiethnic US cohort (LUMINA L)
    Graciela S Alarcon
    Department of Medicine Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, School of Medicine, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama 35294 3408, USA
    Ann Rheum Dis 66:1168-72. 2007
    ..A study was undertaken to determine whether hydroxychloroquine also exerts a protective effect on survival...
  22. ncbi request reprint Restraint use and lower extremity fractures in frontal motor vehicle collisions
    Lance S Estrada
    Section of Orthopaedic Trauma, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0016, USA
    J Trauma 57:323-8. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of combined seat belt and airbag restraint systems with airbag alone, seat belt alone, and no restraints with respect to incidence and location of lower extremity fractures...
  23. ncbi request reprint A multiethnic, multicenter cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) as a model for the study of ethnic disparities in SLE
    Mónica Fernández
    The University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 57:576-84. 2007
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint The visual status of older persons residing in nursing homes
    Cynthia Owsley
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0009, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:925-30. 2007
    ..To characterize habitual visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, spectacle use, and eye care utilization in a large sample of older adults residing in nursing homes...
  25. ncbi request reprint Systemic lupus erythematosus in a multiethnic US cohort (LUMINA). XXV. Smoking, older age, disease activity, lupus anticoagulant, and glucocorticoid dose as risk factors for the occurrence of venous thrombosis in lupus patients
    Jaime Calvo-Alen
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 52:2060-8. 2005
    ..This study was carried out to ascertain other factors contributing to the development of venous thrombosis in SLE...
  26. ncbi request reprint Systemic lupus erythematosus in a multiethnic US cohort (LUMINA L II): relationship between vascular events and the use of hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women
    Mónica Fernández
    Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Schools of Medicine and Public Health, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, 510 20th Street South, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Clin Rheumatol 13:261-5. 2007
    ..To examine the influence of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in the occurrence of vascular arterial and venous thrombotic events in postmenopausal women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...
  27. doi request reprint Systemic lupus erythematosus in a multiethnic US cohort, LUMINA (XLIX): preliminary evaluation of the impact of statins on disease activity
    Mónica Fernández
    Department of Medicine Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, School of Medicine, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Clin Rheumatol 14:178-80. 2008
  28. ncbi request reprint Effect of refractive error correction on health-related quality of life and depression in older nursing home residents
    Cynthia Owsley
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 700 S 18th St, Ste 609, Birmingham, AL 35294 0009, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:1471-7. 2007
    ..To examine the effect of treating uncorrected refractive error through spectacle correction on vision-targeted health-related quality of life and depressive symptoms in nursing home residents...
  29. pmc Effect of comorbidity and body mass index on the survival of African-American and Caucasian patients with colon cancer
    Robert B Hines
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 7331, USA
    Cancer 115:5798-806. 2009
    ..The objectives of the current study were to quantify the impact of comorbidity and body mass index (BMI) on survival and to assess whether these 2 variables account for the decreased survival among African Americans...
  30. ncbi request reprint Impact of an educational program on the safety of high-risk, visually impaired, older drivers
    Cynthia Owsley
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0009, USA
    Am J Prev Med 26:222-9. 2004
    ..DESIGN/ SETTING: Randomized, controlled, single-masked intervention evaluation at an ophthalmology clinic...
  31. doi request reprint Computed tomography identification of latent pseudoaneurysm after blunt splenic injury: pathology or technology?
    Jordan A Weinberg
    Departments of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Trauma 68:1112-6. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of recent advancements in imaging technology on the incidence of the latent PSA...
  32. pmc Effect of glaucomatous damage on repeatability of confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope, scanning laser polarimetry, and optical coherence tomography
    Julio E DeLeon Ortega
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:1156-63. 2007
    ..Dublin, CA), and optic nerve head (ONH) topography with HRT-II (retinal tomograph; Heidelberg Engineering GmbH, Heidelberg, Germany) and StratusOCT...
  33. ncbi request reprint Health-related quality of life and psychosocial characteristics of patients with benign essential blepharospasm
    Tyler Andrew Hall
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Suite 609, 700 S 18th Street, Birmingham, AL 35294 0009, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:116-9. 2006
    ..To examine vision-targeted health-related quality of life and psychosocial characteristics in patients with benign essential blepharospasm (BEB) compared with patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS)...
  34. ncbi request reprint Systemic lupus erythematosus in a multiethnic US cohort (LUMINA). XXIII. Baseline predictors of vascular events
    Sergio M A Toloza
    School of Medicine, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 50:3947-57. 2004
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Systemic lupus erythematosus in a multiethnic US cohort (LUMINA): XXI. Disease activity, damage accrual, and vascular events in pre- and postmenopausal women
    Mónica Fernández
    The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 52:1655-64. 2005
    ..To determine the differences in clinical manifestations, disease activity, damage accrual, and medication use in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients as a function of menopausal status at disease onset...
  36. pmc Disease activity and damage are not associated with increased levels of fatigue in systemic lupus erythematosus patients from a multiethnic cohort: LXVII
    Paula I Burgos
    University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 61:1179-86. 2009
    ..To determine the factors associated with increased levels of fatigue over the course of the disease in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients from LUpus in MInorities: NAture versus nurture, a longitudinal multiethnic cohort...
  37. ncbi request reprint Glaucoma after ocular contusion: a cohort study of the United States Eye Injury Registry
    Christopher A Girkin
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35233, USA
    J Glaucoma 14:470-3. 2005
    ..This cohort study was designed to evaluate risk factors for the development of posttraumatic glaucoma after ocular contusion...
  38. pmc Kidney function influences warfarin responsiveness and hemorrhagic complications
    Nita A Limdi
    Department of Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1719 6th Avenue South, CIRC 312, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0021, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 20:912-21. 2009
    ..Diminished renal function may have implications for a larger proportion of warfarin users than previously estimated...
  39. ncbi request reprint Identifying injuries and motor vehicle collision characteristics that together are suggestive of diaphragmatic rupture
    Donald A Reiff
    Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Center for Injury Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0016, USA
    J Trauma 53:1139-45. 2002
    ..Our purpose was to identify motor vehicle collision (MVC) characteristics and patient injuries that collectively could identify the presence of a DR...
  40. pmc Duration of red cell storage influences mortality after trauma
    Jordan A Weinberg
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38103, USA
    J Trauma 69:1427-31; discussion 1431-2. 2010
    ..To overcome this limitation, we compared in-hospital mortality among patients who received exclusively old versus fresh RBC units during the first 24 hours of hospitalization...
  41. doi request reprint Identifying risk for massive transfusion in the relatively normotensive patient: utility of the prehospital shock index
    Marianne J Vandromme
    Center for Injury Sciences, Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Trauma 70:384-8; discussion 388-90. 2011
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the association between the prehospital SI and the risk of massive transfusion (MT) in relatively normotensive blunt trauma patients...
  42. pmc The impact of a vision screening law on older driver fatality rates
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:1544-7. 2008
    ..To evaluate the impact of the Florida visual acuity licensing standard for drivers 80 years and older on fatal motor vehicle collision (MVC) involvement...
  43. ncbi request reprint Agreement in assessing cup-to-disc ratio measurement among stereoscopic optic nerve head photographs, HRT II, and Stratus OCT
    Stella N Arthur
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    J Glaucoma 15:183-9. 2006
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Perceived barriers to care and attitudes about vision and eye care: focus groups with older African Americans and eye care providers
    Cynthia Owsley
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham 35294 0009, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:2797-802. 2006
    ..To identify by using focus group methods the perceived barriers to eye care and attitudes about vision and eye care among older African Americans as well as among ophthalmologists and optometrists serving their communities...
  45. ncbi request reprint The association between gender and mortality among trauma patients as modified by age
    Richard L George
    Department of Surgery, School of Medicine and Center for Injury Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0016, USA
    J Trauma 54:464-71. 2003
    ..Relatively small sample sizes may have contributed to the heterogeneity among existing studies; therefore, a large-sample-size study was undertaken...
  46. pmc Factors predictive of thrombotic events in LUMINA, a multi-ethnic cohort of SLE patients (LXXII)
    Paula I Burgos
    Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 49:1720-5. 2010
    ..Thrombosis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in SLE. We have explored the factors associated with time to the occurrence of thrombotic events in SLE patients to expand our cohort's previous observations...
  47. ncbi request reprint Impact of aging and age-related maculopathy on inactivation of the a-wave of the rod-mediated electroretinogram
    Gregory R Jackson
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Vision Res 46:1422-31. 2006
    ..Those with early ARM did not exhibit inactivation slowing over and above what would be expected based on normal retinal aging. Persons in the late stages of ARM exhibited dramatic slowing in inactivation kinetics...
  48. ncbi request reprint The association between sex and mortality among burn patients as modified by age
    Richard L George
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Burn Care Rehabil 26:416-21. 2005
    ..On the basis of the findings of the present study as well as the results of experimental studies, further clinical research is needed to investigate the impact of sex hormones on mortality among burn patients...
  49. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of child homicide in Jefferson County, Alabama
    Jacquelyn M Lyman
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 27:1063-73. 2003
    ..This study focused on obtaining great detail on homicides and suspicious deaths occurring within a fixed population...
  50. doi request reprint Transfusion and pneumonia in the trauma intensive care unit: an examination of the temporal relationship
    Marianne J Vandromme
    Center for Injury Sciences, Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0007, USA
    J Trauma 67:97-101. 2009
    ..We sought to evaluate the temporal relationship between transfusion and pneumonia and the influence of blood age on this relationship...
  51. doi request reprint The relationship of blood product ratio to mortality: survival benefit or survival bias?
    Christopher W Snyder
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Trauma 66:358-62; discussion 362-4. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate the temporal relationship between blood product ratios and mortality in massively transfused trauma patients...
  52. pmc Discrimination between glaucomatous and nonglaucomatous eyes using quantitative imaging devices and subjective optic nerve head assessment
    Julio E DeLeon-Ortega
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35233, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:3374-80. 2006
    ..Dublin, CA), and optical coherence tomographer (StratusOCT, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc.) with subjective assessment of optic nerve head (ONH) stereophotographs in discriminating glaucomatous from nonglaucomatous eyes...
  53. pmc Effect of an eye health education program on older African Americans' eye care utilization and attitudes about eye care
    Cynthia Owsley
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 700 S 18th St, Ste 609, Birmingham, AL 35294 0009, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 105:69-76. 2013
    ..Policy changes may be more appropriate avenues for addressing cost. Trial Registration: NCT00591110, www.ClinicalTrials.gov..
  54. ncbi request reprint Systemic lupus erythematosus in a multiethnic US cohort: XXXIV. Deficient mannose-binding lectin exon 1 polymorphisms are associated with cerebrovascular but not with other arterial thrombotic events
    Jaime Calvo-Alen
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 54:1940-5. 2006
    ..To study the association between deficient mannose-binding lectin (MBL) genotypes and arterial thrombotic events in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...
  55. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in mortality after burn injury: results of analysis of the National Burn Repository of the American Burn Association
    Jeffrey D Kerby
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294 0007, USA
    J Burn Care Res 27:452-6. 2006
    ..Further prospective studies analyzing differences in immune responses between men and women after burn injury may provide insight into the mechanism behind these divergent outcomes and identify targets for future therapy...
  56. ncbi request reprint Cone- and rod-mediated dark adaptation impairment in age-related maculopathy
    Cynthia Owsley
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0009, USA
    Ophthalmology 114:1728-35. 2007
    ..To examine impairment in cone- versus rod-mediated dark adaptation in the parafovea of persons with age-related maculopathy (ARM)...
  57. pmc Possible protective effect of hydroxychloroquine on delaying the occurrence of integument damage in lupus: LXXI, data from a multiethnic cohort
    Guillermo J Pons-Estel
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 62:393-400. 2010
    ..To determine the features predictive of time to integument damage in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) from a multiethnic cohort (LUpus in MInorities, NAture versus nurture [LUMINA])...
  58. ncbi request reprint Risk factors associated with adrenal insufficiency in severely injured burn patients
    Donald A Reiff
    Center for Injury, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0016, USA
    J Burn Care Res 28:854-8. 2007
    ..After severe thermal injury, the diagnosis of AI substantially increases the risk of death. A better understanding of factors that predispose burn patients to AI may aid in earlier diagnosis, initiation of therapy, and improved outcomes...
  59. pmc The personal burden of decreased vision-targeted health-related quality of life in nursing home residents
    Amanda F Elliott
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 700 S 18th St, Suite 609, Birmingham, AL 35294 0009, USA
    J Aging Health 22:504-21. 2010
    ..To present the bother subscales of the Nursing Home Vision-Targeted Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire (NHVQoL) and to examine their relationship to the original NHVQoL subscales and objective measures of visual function...
  60. doi request reprint Injury risks between first- and second-generation airbags in frontal motor vehicle collisions
    Paul A MacLennan
    Center for Injury Sciences at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1922 7th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 40:1371-4. 2008
    ..It is possible that compared to earlier airbags second-generation airbags provide less injury protection due to their depowered nature...
  61. pmc The nursing home minimum data set for vision and its association with visual acuity and contrast sensitivity
    Mark W Swanson
    Department of Optometry, School of Optometry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 57:486-91. 2009
    ..To evaluate the association between the Minimum Data Set's (MDS) Vision Patterns section and near and distance visual acuity and contrast sensitivity in nursing home residents...
  62. ncbi request reprint Subjective and objective optic nerve assessment in African Americans and whites
    Christopher A Girkin
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35233, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 45:2272-8. 2004
    ..To compare the ability of quantitative optic disc topography and subjective optic disc evaluation to discriminate early glaucomatous from normal eyes in African Americans and whites...
  63. ncbi request reprint Systemic lupus erythematosus in three ethnic groups: XVI. Association of hydroxychloroquine use with reduced risk of damage accrual
    Barri J Fessler
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 52:1473-80. 2005
    ..To examine whether hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) usage is associated with a reduced risk of damage accrual in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...
  64. pmc Characteristics of low-vision rehabilitation services in the United States
    Cynthia Owsley
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0009, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 127:681-9. 2009
    ..To describe characteristics of services, providers, and patients in low-vision rehabilitation entities serving adults in the United States...
  65. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of fatal occupational injuries in Jefferson County, Alabama
    Gerald McGwin
    Center for Injury Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Ala 35294 0016, USA
    South Med J 95:1300-11. 2002
    ..In Alabama, little is known about the overall characteristics of job-related injuries...
  66. ncbi request reprint Visual field defects and the risk of motor vehicle collisions among patients with glaucoma
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0009, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:4437-41. 2005
    ..To evaluate the association between visual field defects in the central 24 degrees field and the risk of motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) among patients with glaucoma...
  67. pmc Time to renal disease and end-stage renal disease in PROFILE: a multiethnic lupus cohort
    Graciela S Alarcon
    Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America
    PLoS Med 3:e396. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the factors predicting the development of renal involvement and its progression to ESRD in a multi-ethnic SLE cohort (PROFILE)...
  68. ncbi request reprint Impact of cataract surgery on self-reported visual difficulties: comparison with a no-surgery reference group
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Cataract Refract Surg 29:941-8. 2003
    ..To examine the impact of cataract surgery on older adults' self-reported visual difficulties and compare them with those of patients with cataract who declined surgery over the same period...
  69. ncbi request reprint Effect of restraint systems on maxillofacial injury in frontal motor vehicle collisions
    Daniel Cox
    Center for Injury Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0009, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 62:571-5. 2004
    ..We sought to characterize the occupant restraint system (seat belt and air bag) and collision characteristics associated with MVC-related maxillofacial injuries...
  70. ncbi request reprint Is seat belt use associated with fewer days of lost work after motor vehicle collisions?
    Jesse Metzger
    Center for Injury Sciences at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Trauma 56:1009-14. 2004
    ..The goal of this study is to determine whether seat belt use is associated with fewer lost workdays among occupants involved in MVCs...
  71. doi request reprint Sexual stimulation device-related injuries
    Russell Griffin
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Sex Marital Ther 35:253-61. 2009
    ..While rare in previous years, the pattern of SSD-related injuries suggests these injuries may become more common and are disproportionately affecting older males...
  72. ncbi request reprint What have we learned from a 10-year experience with the LUMINA (Lupus in Minorities; Nature vs. nurture) cohort? Where are we heading?
    América G Uribe
    Department of Medicine Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, School of Medicine and Public Health, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, 510 20th Street South 830 FOT, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Autoimmun Rev 3:321-9. 2004
    ..These data may have impact on the development of policies aimed at eliminating health disparities in the US...
  73. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in the association between optic disc topography and early glaucoma
    Christopher A Girkin
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:3382-7. 2003
    ..To determine the structural characteristics of the optic disc that are associated with early glaucoma in African Americans and whites and whether these characteristics differ between the races...
  74. ncbi request reprint Agreement between prehospital and emergency department glasgow coma scores
    Jeffrey D Kerby
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294 0016, USA
    J Trauma 63:1026-31. 2007
    ..This study was performed to assess the degree of agreement between Ph-GCS and emergency department (ED)-GCS scores in our trauma system patients...
  75. ncbi request reprint Association of statin use with the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy
    Jie Zhang
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 700 S 18th St, Ste 609, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:1096-9. 2007
    ..To investigate whether hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) prevent the development of diabetic retinopathy...
  76. pmc Health-related quality of life following blind rehabilitation
    Thomas Kuyk
    Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Qual Life Res 17:497-507. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of residential blind rehabilitation on patients' vision-targeted health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and general physical and mental function...
  77. ncbi request reprint The association between body mass index and diaphragm injury among motor vehicle collision occupants
    Donald A Reiff
    Center for Injury Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Trauma 57:1324-8; discussion 1328. 2004
    ....
  78. ncbi request reprint Impact of a voluntary trauma system on mortality, length of stay, and cost at a level I trauma center
    James H Abernathy
    Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Am Surg 68:182-92. 2002
    ..05). A voluntary trauma system can be implemented without the need for legislative mandate. After system implementation patient and financial outcomes were improved at an individual Level I trauma center...
  79. ncbi request reprint Visual field defects and vision-specific health-related quality of life in African Americans and whites with glaucoma
    Lillian Ringsdorf
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0009, USA
    J Glaucoma 15:414-8. 2006
    ..To examine the relationship of visual field impairment to vision-specific health-related quality of life and symptoms in a large cohort (N=345) of African Americans and Whites of non-Hispanic origin diagnosed with glaucoma...
  80. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the abilities of nine scoring algorithms in predicting mortality
    J Wayne Meredith
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 53:621-8; discussion 628-9. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the abilities of nine Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS)- and (ICD-9)-based scoring algorithms in predicting mortality...
  81. ncbi request reprint Long-term trends in mortality according to age among adult burn patients
    Gerald McGwin
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0016, USA
    J Burn Care Rehabil 24:21-5. 2003
    ..However, the relative change demonstrated the opposite pattern. The results of this study suggest that declines in mortality among adult burn patients have occurred across the age spectrum over the past 25 years...
  82. pmc Predictive capacity of three comorbidity indices in estimating mortality after surgery for colon cancer
    Robert B Hines
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1922 7th Ave S, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Clin Oncol 27:4339-45. 2009
    ....
  83. ncbi request reprint Motor vehicle restraint system use and risk of spine injury
    Mark A Reed
    Center for Injury Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 7:256-63. 2006
    ..This study examined the relationship between the occurrence of mild to severe cervical and thoracolumbar spine injury and occupant restraint systems among front seat occupants involved in frontal MVCs...
  84. ncbi request reprint The Systemic Lupus Activity Measure-revised, the Mexican Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI), and a modified SLEDAI-2K are adequate instruments to measure disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus
    América G Uribe
    Department of Medicine Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Rheumatol 31:1934-40. 2004
    ....
  85. ncbi request reprint Statins and other cholesterol-lowering medications and the presence of glaucoma
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 122:822-6. 2004
    ..To explore whether oral statin and other antihyperlipidemic medications are associated with open-angle glaucoma...
  86. doi request reprint The incidence of shopping cart-related injuries in the United States, 2002--2006
    Jonathan W Wright
    Center for Injury Sciences at UAB, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 40:1253-6. 2008
    ..Shopping cart-related injuries are an important cause of childhood injury in the United States (US). To date, few studies have investigated the epidemiology and incidence of these injuries...
  87. ncbi request reprint Vascular injuries in knee dislocations: the role of physical examination in determining the need for arteriography
    James P Stannard
    Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 3409, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 86:910-5. 2004
    ..The secondary purpose was to evaluate the correlation between physical examination findings and clinically important vascular injury in the subgroup of patients who underwent arteriography...
  88. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for motor vehicle collision-related eye injuries
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Epidemiology and International Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:89-95. 2005
    ..To evaluate the association between specific occupant, collision, and vehicle characteristics and the risk of motor vehicle collision (MVC)-related eye injury...
  89. ncbi request reprint Systemic lupus erythematosus in three ethnic groups. XVIII. Factors predictive of poor compliance with study visits
    América G Uribe
    The University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 51:258-63. 2004
    ..To determine the baseline factors predictive of poor compliance with study visits in a longitudinal multiethnic lupus cohort study...
  90. ncbi request reprint Systemic lupus erythematosus in a multiethnic US cohort (LUMINA): XXII. Predictors of time to the occurrence of initial damage
    Sergio M A Toloza
    Schools of Medicine and Public Health, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 3408, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 50:3177-86. 2004
    ..To examine the factors predisposing to initial damage in patients in the LUMINA (lupus in minorities: nature versus nurture) cohort, a multiethnic cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the US...
  91. ncbi request reprint Patient expectations regarding eye care: development and results of the Eye Care Expectations Survey (ECES)
    Aerlyn G Dawn
    Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:534-41. 2005
    ..To develop an instrument (the Eye Care Expectations Survey [ECES]) that can identify and quantify the expectations of patients visiting eye care providers...
  92. ncbi request reprint On-road driving with moderate visual field loss
    Alex Bowers
    The Schepens Eye Research Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 82:657-67. 2005
    ..The purpose was to determine which maneuvers and skills should be included in future, larger scale investigations of the effect of peripheral field loss on driving performance...
  93. ncbi request reprint The impact of combined trauma and burns on patient mortality
    Ashley Hawkins
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Trauma 58:284-8. 2005
    ..Combined trauma and burn injuries are uncommon and seldom studied. There is a presumption that these patients fare worse than their trauma- and burn-only counterparts, but the mortality risk has not been quantified...
  94. ncbi request reprint Systemic lupus erythematosus in a multiethnic cohort (LUMINA): XXIX. Elevation of erythrocyte sedimentation rate is associated with disease activity and damage accrual
    Luis M Vila
    Division of Rheumatology, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico
    J Rheumatol 32:2150-5. 2005
    ..To determine if different categories of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) elevation are associated with disease activity and/or damage in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...
  95. ncbi request reprint Systemic lupus erythematosus in a multiethnic US cohort, XXXVII: association of lymphopenia with clinical manifestations, serologic abnormalities, disease activity, and damage accrual
    Luis M Vila
    Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico
    Arthritis Rheum 55:799-806. 2006
    ..To determine if lymphopenia is associated with clinical/immunologic manifestations, disease activity, and disease damage in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...
  96. pmc Educating older African Americans about the preventive importance of routine comprehensive eye care
    Cynthia Owsley
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 100:1089-95. 2008
    ..A next step is to verify through medical record review the extent to which the high rates of self-reported eye care utilization reflect behavior...
  97. ncbi request reprint Systemic lupus erythematosus in a multiethnic lupus cohort (LUMINA). XVII. Predictors of self-reported health-related quality of life early in the disease course
    Graciela S Alarcon
    The University of Alabama at Birmingham
    Arthritis Rheum 51:465-74. 2004
    ....

Research Grants1

  1. Extended work schedules and health outcomes in the US
    Gerald McGwin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Analyses will be adjusted for a number of possible confounders and effect modifier obtained from MEPS and NHIS including socio-demographic factors, family descriptors and lifestyle factors. ..