George A Mashour

Summary

Affiliation: University of Michigan
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Protocol for the "Michigan Awareness Control Study": A prospective, randomized, controlled trial comparing electronic alerts based on bispectral index monitoring or minimum alveolar concentration for the prevention of intraoperative awareness
    George A Mashour
    University of Michigan Medical School, 1H247 University Hospital, SPC 5048 1500 East Medical Center Drive Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5048, USA
    BMC Anesthesiol 9:7. 2009
  2. doi request reprint Accreditation and standardization of neuroanesthesia fellowship programs: results of a specialty-wide survey
    George A Mashour
    Division of Neuroanesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5048, USA
    J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 22:252-5. 2010
  3. doi request reprint Neuroanesthesiology fellowship training: curricular guidelines from the Society for Neuroscience in Anesthesiology and Critical Care
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Neuroanesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5048, USA
    J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 25:1-7. 2013
  4. pmc Prevention of intraoperative awareness with explicit recall in an unselected surgical population: a randomized comparative effectiveness trial
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 5048, USA
    Anesthesiology 117:717-25. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Inverse zombies, anesthesia awareness, and the hard problem of unconsciousness
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology and Neurosurgery, University of Michigan Medical School, 1H247 UH Box 0048, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0048, USA
    Conscious Cogn 17:1163-8. 2008
  6. doi request reprint Operating room desensitization as a novel treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder after intraoperative awareness
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, 1H247 University Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0048, USA
    Anesthesiology 109:927-9. 2008
  7. doi request reprint The extended Mallampati score and a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus are predictors of difficult laryngoscopy in the morbidly obese
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Anesth Analg 107:1919-23. 2008
  8. doi request reprint Toward a general theory of unconscious processes in psychoanalysis and anesthesiology
    George A Mashour
    University of Michigan Medical School, 1H247 University Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0048, USA
    J Am Psychoanal Assoc 56:203-22. 2008
  9. doi request reprint Predictors of difficult intubation in patients with cervical spine limitations
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0048, USA
    J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 20:110-5. 2008
  10. doi request reprint A retrospective study of intraoperative awareness with methodological implications
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Michigan, USA
    Anesth Analg 108:521-6. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications68

  1. pmc Protocol for the "Michigan Awareness Control Study": A prospective, randomized, controlled trial comparing electronic alerts based on bispectral index monitoring or minimum alveolar concentration for the prevention of intraoperative awareness
    George A Mashour
    University of Michigan Medical School, 1H247 University Hospital, SPC 5048 1500 East Medical Center Drive Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5048, USA
    BMC Anesthesiol 9:7. 2009
    ....
  2. doi request reprint Accreditation and standardization of neuroanesthesia fellowship programs: results of a specialty-wide survey
    George A Mashour
    Division of Neuroanesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5048, USA
    J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 22:252-5. 2010
    ..The majority supported a 1-year fellowship training program. These data indicate measurable support among members of SNACC for a process toward the accreditation of neuroanesthesia fellowship training programs...
  3. doi request reprint Neuroanesthesiology fellowship training: curricular guidelines from the Society for Neuroscience in Anesthesiology and Critical Care
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Neuroanesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5048, USA
    J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 25:1-7. 2013
    ..These guidelines represent a first step toward standards for neuroanesthesiology training and will be useful if accreditation is pursued in the future...
  4. pmc Prevention of intraoperative awareness with explicit recall in an unselected surgical population: a randomized comparative effectiveness trial
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 5048, USA
    Anesthesiology 117:717-25. 2012
    ..Efficacy trials based on the Bispectral Index® (BIS) monitor (Covidien, Boulder, CO) and anesthetic concentrations have focused on high-risk patients, but there are no effectiveness data applicable to an unselected surgical population...
  5. doi request reprint Inverse zombies, anesthesia awareness, and the hard problem of unconsciousness
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology and Neurosurgery, University of Michigan Medical School, 1H247 UH Box 0048, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0048, USA
    Conscious Cogn 17:1163-8. 2008
    ....
  6. doi request reprint Operating room desensitization as a novel treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder after intraoperative awareness
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, 1H247 University Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0048, USA
    Anesthesiology 109:927-9. 2008
  7. doi request reprint The extended Mallampati score and a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus are predictors of difficult laryngoscopy in the morbidly obese
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Anesth Analg 107:1919-23. 2008
    ..In the present study, we compared the predictive value of the MMP and EMS in the morbidly obese...
  8. doi request reprint Toward a general theory of unconscious processes in psychoanalysis and anesthesiology
    George A Mashour
    University of Michigan Medical School, 1H247 University Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0048, USA
    J Am Psychoanal Assoc 56:203-22. 2008
    ..Based on the common structure and function of unconscious processes in psychoanalysis and anesthesiology, the foundation of a general theory is established...
  9. doi request reprint Predictors of difficult intubation in patients with cervical spine limitations
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0048, USA
    J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 20:110-5. 2008
    ....
  10. doi request reprint A retrospective study of intraoperative awareness with methodological implications
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Michigan, USA
    Anesth Analg 108:521-6. 2009
    ..15%. More recent retrospective data, however, suggest that the actual incidence may be as low as 0.0068%...
  11. pmc Isoflurane anesthesia does not satisfy the homeostatic need for rapid eye movement sleep
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5048, USA
    Anesth Analg 110:1283-9. 2010
    ..We tested the hypothesis that isoflurane anesthesia would also facilitate recovery from REM sleep deprivation...
  12. doi request reprint A novel classification instrument for intraoperative awareness events
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, 1H247 UH SPC 5048, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5048, USA
    Anesth Analg 110:813-5. 2010
    ..Given the rarity of the event, a better understanding of awareness and its sequelae will likely require the compilation of data from numerous studies. As such, a standard description and expression of awareness events would be of value...
  13. doi request reprint A novel electronic algorithm for detecting potentially insufficient anesthesia: implications for the prevention of intraoperative awareness
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, 48109 5048, USA
    J Clin Monit Comput 23:273-7. 2009
    ..One limitation of this study design is that MAC-based protocols are not sensitive to the use of intravenous agents, while EEG-based protocols are. Our objective was to develop a MAC alert that incorporates intravenous agents...
  14. doi request reprint Perioperative stroke and associated mortality after noncardiac, nonneurologic surgery
    George A Mashour
    Division of Neuroanesthesiology, Center for Perioperative Outcomes Research, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Anesthesiology 114:1289-96. 2011
    ..The authors studied the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of perioperative stroke using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program...
  15. doi request reprint Intraoperative awareness: from neurobiology to clinical practice
    George A Mashour
    Division of Neuroanesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Anesthesiology 114:1218-33. 2011
    ..In this review, the authors discuss the neurobiology of consciousness and memory, as well as the incidence, risk factors, sequelae, and prevention of intraoperative awareness...
  16. pmc Reconfiguration of network hub structure after propofol-induced unconsciousness
    Heonsoo Lee
    Research Fellow, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan Doctoral Candidate, Department of Physics, POSTECH, Pohang, Korea Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Neurosurgery Faculty, Neuroscience Graduate Program University of Michigan Medical School Professor, Departments of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, and Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea Secretary General, Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics Professor, Department of Physics, POSTECH Research Investigator, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School
    Anesthesiology 119:1347-59. 2013
    ..Considering the essential role of hub structures for efficient information transmission, the authors hypothesized that anesthetics have an effect on the hub structure of functional brain networks...
  17. doi request reprint The directionality and functional organization of frontoparietal connectivity during consciousness and anesthesia in humans
    UnCheol Lee
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Conscious Cogn 18:1069-78. 2009
    ..These data support the hypothesis that specific states of human consciousness are defined by specific states of frontoparietal connectivity...
  18. doi request reprint Perioperative metoprolol and risk of stroke after noncardiac surgery
    George A Mashour
    Assistant Professor and Associate Chair for Faculty Affairs, Robert B Sweet Professor and Chair, Director of Statistical Core, Department of Anesthesiology, Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Resident in Anesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan Resident in Anesthesiology, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts Medical Student, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School Assistant Professor, Director, Center for Perioperative Outcomes Research, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan
    Anesthesiology 119:1340-6. 2013
    ..Numerous risk factors have been identified for perioperative stroke, but there are conflicting data regarding the role of ╬▓ adrenergic receptor blockade in general and metoprolol in particular...
  19. doi request reprint Dissociable network properties of anesthetic state transitions
    UnCheol Lee
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 5048, USA
    Anesthesiology 114:872-81. 2011
    ..It is still unknown whether anesthetic state transitions are continuous or binary. Mathematical graph theory is one method by which to assess whether brain networks change gradually or abruptly upon anesthetic induction and emergence...
  20. doi request reprint State-specific effects of sevoflurane anesthesia on sleep homeostasis: selective recovery of slow wave but not rapid eye movement sleep
    Dinesh Pal
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 5048, USA
    Anesthesiology 114:302-10. 2011
    ..In the current study, the effects of sevoflurane on recovery from total sleep deprivation were investigated...
  21. doi request reprint Increased risk of intraoperative awareness in patients with a history of awareness
    Amrita Aranake
    Medical Student and Predoctoral Research Trainee, Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology and Department of Anesthesiology, Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, Professor, Division Chief, and Director of INQUIRI, Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri Research Assistant Professor, Henry E Mallinckrodt Professor and Department Head, University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri Assistant Professor, Division of Biostatistics, Department of Mathematics, Washington University in Saint Louis, Saint Louis, Missouri Statistician Lead, Associate Chair for Faculty Affairs Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Neurosurgery Faculty, Neuroscience Graduate Program, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan Associate Professor of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois Professor and Department Head, Research Technician, Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Anesthesiology 119:1275-83. 2013
    ....
  22. doi request reprint Postoperative recovery with bispectral index versus anesthetic concentration-guided protocols
    Bradley A Fritz
    Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Anesthesiology 118:1113-22. 2013
    ....
  23. doi request reprint Assessment of intraoperative awareness with explicit recall: a comparison of 2 methods
    George A Mashour
    Division of Neuroanesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, 1H247 UH SPC 5048, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5048, USA
    Anesth Analg 116:889-91. 2013
    ..Superiority of the modified Brice interview over quality assurance techniques in detecting intraoperative awareness with explicit recall has not been demonstrated definitively...
  24. doi request reprint Interfaces of sleep and anesthesia
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, 1H247 University Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Anesthesiol Clin 30:385-98. 2012
    ..This article discusses sleep and anesthesia from the perspective of phenotype, mechanism and function, with some concluding thoughts on the relevance to neuroanesthesiology...
  25. pmc Brain networks maintain a scale-free organization across consciousness, anesthesia, and recovery: evidence for adaptive reconfiguration
    UnCheol Lee
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Anesthesiology 113:1081-91. 2010
    ..Loss of consciousness is an essential feature of general anesthesia. Although alterations of neural networks during anesthesia have been identified in the spatial domain, there has been relatively little study of temporal organization...
  26. doi request reprint Incidence, predictors and outcomes of postoperative coma: an observational study of 858,606 patients
    Jessica Newman
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 30:476-82. 2013
    ..Coma is a state of profound unresponsiveness that can occur as a serious perioperative complication. The study of risk factors for, and sequelae of, postoperative coma has been limited due to the rarity of the event...
  27. pmc Altered cortical communication in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    Stefanie Blain-Moraes
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, 7433 Med Sci I, 1150 West Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA
    Neurosci Lett 543:172-6. 2013
    ....
  28. doi request reprint Disruption of frontal-parietal communication by ketamine, propofol, and sevoflurane
    UnCheol Lee
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 5048, USA
    Anesthesiology 118:1264-75. 2013
    ..In this study the authors tested the hypothesis that ketamine would also inhibit cortical feedback connectivity in frontoparietal networks...
  29. doi request reprint Levels of consciousness during regional anesthesia and monitored anesthesia care: patient expectations and experiences
    Roy K Esaki
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Michigan, USA
    Anesth Analg 108:1560-3. 2009
    ..Furthermore, only 58% of patients had expectations set by the anesthesia provider. These data indicate that, from the patient's perspective, the boundary between general and nongeneral anesthesia is obscured...
  30. doi request reprint Incidence, predictors, and outcomes of perioperative stroke in noncarotid major vascular surgery
    Milad Sharifpour
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, 1H247 UH Box 5048, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5048, USA
    Anesth Analg 116:424-34. 2013
    ..We studied the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of perioperative stroke after noncarotid major vascular surgery using the American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program database...
  31. doi request reprint Cerebral perfusion pressure below 60 mm Hg is common in the intraoperative setting
    Laurel E Moore
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5048, USA
    J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 24:58-62. 2012
    ..Although there are extensive data on CPP in the ICU setting, there has been little quantitative study of CPP in the intraoperative setting...
  32. doi request reprint Perioperative peripheral nerve injuries: a retrospective study of 380,680 cases during a 10-year period at a single institution
    Marnie B Welch
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Anesthesiology 111:490-7. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to identify associations with peripheral nerve injury in a broad surgical population cared for in the last decade...
  33. pmc Open-source logic-based automated sleep scoring software using electrophysiological recordings in rats
    Brooks A Gross
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0615, United States
    J Neurosci Methods 184:10-8. 2009
    ..These results support the use of our open-source Auto-Scorer, coupled with user review, to rapidly and accurately score sleep/waking states from rat recordings...
  34. doi request reprint Prevention of intraoperative awareness in a high-risk surgical population
    Michael S Avidan
    Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    N Engl J Med 365:591-600. 2011
    ....
  35. pmc Surge of neurophysiological coherence and connectivity in the dying brain
    Jimo Borjigin
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:14432-7. 2013
    ..These data demonstrate that the mammalian brain can, albeit paradoxically, generate neural correlates of heightened conscious processing at near-death. ..
  36. pmc Genuine and spurious phase synchronization strengths during consciousness and general anesthesia
    UnCheol Lee
    Division of Neuroanesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    PLoS ONE 7:e46313. 2012
    ..Simultaneous measurement of both genuine and spurious PSS during general anesthesia is necessary in order to avoid incorrect interpretations regarding states of consciousness...
  37. doi request reprint Validation of the surgical Apgar score in a neurosurgical patient population
    John E Ziewacz
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    J Neurosurg 118:270-9. 2013
    ..The authors tested the hypothesis that the SAS would predict postoperative complications and length of stay after neurosurgical procedures...
  38. pmc Determination of minimum alveolar concentration for isoflurane and sevoflurane in a rodent model of human metabolic syndrome
    Dinesh Pal
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5048, USA
    Anesth Analg 114:297-302. 2012
    ..In contrast, HCR rats have high running endurance and are characterized by improved cardiovascular performance and overall health...
  39. doi request reprint Processed electroencephalogram in depth of anesthesia monitoring
    Ben Julian A Palanca
    Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 22:553-9. 2009
    ..We critically review the principles underlying processed electroencephalogram (EEG) monitors and recent studies validating their use in monitoring anesthetic depth...
  40. ncbi request reprint Dreams and the temporality of consciousness
    Katherine MacDuffie
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0048, USA
    Am J Psychol 123:189-97. 2010
    ..We argue that disparate dream theories may not be mutually exclusive but rather relate to different temporal domains of the dream state...
  41. doi request reprint Estimation of the bispectral index by anesthesiologists: an inverse turing test
    Michael M Bottros
    Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Anesthesiology 114:1093-101. 2011
    ....
  42. doi request reprint Congenital cervical spine fusion and airway management: a case series of Klippel-Feil syndrome
    Meghan L Stallmer
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0048, USA
    J Clin Anesth 20:447-51. 2008
    ....
  43. doi request reprint The temporal organization of functional brain connectivity is abnormal in schizophrenia but does not correlate with symptomatology
    Walter Schoen
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, 1H247 UH SPC 5048, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5048, USA
    Conscious Cogn 20:1050-4. 2011
    ....
  44. doi request reprint Propofol induction reduces the capacity for neural information integration: implications for the mechanism of consciousness and general anesthesia
    UnCheol Lee
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0048, USA
    Conscious Cogn 18:56-64. 2009
    ..These data directly support the information integration theory of consciousness and the cognitive unbinding paradigm of general anesthesia...
  45. doi request reprint Postoperative Delirium in a Substudy of Cardiothoracic Surgical Patients in the BAG-RECALL Clinical Trial
    Elizabeth L Whitlock
    From the Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine Department of Mathematics, Washington University in Saint Louis, Saint Louis, Missouri and Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan
    Anesth Analg 118:809-17. 2014
    ..Postoperative delirium in the intensive care unit (ICU) is a frequent complication after cardiac or thoracic surgery and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality...
  46. pmc Subgraph "backbone" analysis of dynamic brain networks during consciousness and anesthesia
    Jeongkyu Shin
    Department of Physics, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang si, Gyeongsangbuk do, South Korea
    PLoS ONE 8:e70899. 2013
    ..This technique enabled a granular description of network evolution over time. The concept of network backbones may facilitate graph-theoretical analysis of dynamically changing networks. ..
  47. doi request reprint A brief history of sleep and anesthesia
    Amanda J Walker
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, University Hospital, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Int Anesthesiol Clin 46:1-10. 2008
  48. doi request reprint Improvement in the quality of randomized controlled trials among general anesthesiology journals 2000 to 2006: a 6-year follow-up
    Mary Lou V H Greenfield
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Health System, 1500 East Medical Center Dr, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5861, USA
    Anesth Analg 108:1916-21. 2009
    ..We identified key areas for improvement in the study protocol design and implementation and in data analyses. This study was repeated for the year 2006 to determine if improvements have occurred during the 6-yr interval...
  49. pmc The influence of basic ventilation strategies and anesthetic techniques on cerebral oxygenation in the beach chair position: study protocol
    Paul Picton
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    BMC Anesthesiol 12:23. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  50. doi request reprint Altered states: psychedelics and anesthetics
    Eduardo E Icaza
    Resident, Associate Chair for Faculty Affairs, Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Neurosurgery, Department of Anesthesiology Faculty, Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
    Anesthesiology 119:1255-60. 2013
    ..In this article, the authors review historical examples of psychedelic experiences induced by general anesthetics and then contrast the mechanisms by which these two drug classes generate altered states of consciousness. ..
  51. pmc Evolution of consciousness: phylogeny, ontogeny, and emergence from general anesthesia
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesiology, Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:10357-64. 2013
    ....
  52. doi request reprint Intracranial aneurysm with concomitant rupture of an undiagnosed visceral artery aneurysm
    William R Stetler
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5338, USA
    Neurocrit Care 16:154-7. 2012
    ..We report the case of a patient who underwent surgical repair of a ruptured intracranial aneurysm but subsequently experienced a ruptured hepatic artery aneurysm in the immediate postoperative period...
  53. pmc Protocol for the BAG-RECALL clinical trial: a prospective, multi-center, randomized, controlled trial to determine whether a bispectral index-guided protocol is superior to an anesthesia gas-guided protocol in reducing intraoperative awareness with explic
    Michael S Avidan
    Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University, St Louis, USA
    BMC Anesthesiol 9:8. 2009
    ..abstract:..
  54. ncbi request reprint Unsuccessful cardiopulmonary resuscitation during neurosurgery: is the supine position always optimal?
    Sheron L Beltran
    Division of Neuroanesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0048, USA
    Anesthesiology 108:163-4. 2008
  55. ncbi request reprint Craniocervical extension improves the specificity and predictive value of the Mallampati airway evaluation
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA
    Anesth Analg 103:1256-9. 2006
    ..We hypothesized that adding craniocervical extension to the MMP would allow for greater mouth opening, lower scores, and less false positives than the traditional MMP examination...
  56. ncbi request reprint Perioperative treatment of patients with a history of intraoperative awareness and post-traumatic stress disorder
    George A Mashour
    Anesthesiology 104:893-4. 2006
  57. ncbi request reprint Cognitive unbinding in sleep and anesthesia
    George A Mashour
    Science 310:1768-9; author reply 1768-9. 2005
  58. ncbi request reprint Mouth opening, craniocervical extension, and laryngoscopic positioning
    George A Mashour
    Anesthesiology 100:1623-4; author reply 1624. 2004
  59. ncbi request reprint Consciousness unbound: toward a paradigm of general anesthesia
    George A Mashour
    Harvard Medical School, Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114, USA
    Anesthesiology 100:428-33. 2004
  60. ncbi request reprint Circulating growth factor levels are associated with tumorigenesis in neurofibromatosis type 1
    George A Mashour
    Department of Neurosurgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, Massachusetts, USA
    Clin Cancer Res 10:5677-83. 2004
    ..This study was performed to assess the contribution of circulating growth factors for diffuse tumorigenesis and the diagnostic value of circulating growth factor identification in serum...
  61. ncbi request reprint Anesthetic management of Turner syndrome: a systematic approach
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Clin Anesth 17:128-30. 2005
    ..We also provide a concise tabular summary of the many problems associated with Turner syndrome and give guidelines for a systematic perioperative approach...
  62. ncbi request reprint Integrating the science of consciousness and anesthesia
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesia, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Anesth Analg 103:975-82. 2006
    ....
  63. ncbi request reprint Mechanisms of general anesthesia: from molecules to mind
    George A Mashour
    Harvard Medical School, and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 19:349-64. 2005
    ..We also present a framework to aid in thinking about the actions of these agents, highlighting the relationship between putative targets at the molecular level and the more integrated functional changes in behavior and consciousness...
  64. ncbi request reprint Intraoperative Harlequin syndrome
    George A Mashour
    Anesth Analg 102:655. 2006
  65. ncbi request reprint Emergence flashback in a patient with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Sondra S Crosby
    Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 29:169-71. 2007
  66. ncbi request reprint Video on orotracheal intubation
    Sachin Kheterpal
    N Engl J Med 357:619-20; author reply 620-1. 2007
  67. doi request reprint Preface: unconscious processes
    George A Mashour
    Int Anesthesiol Clin 46:xiii-xiv. 2008
  68. ncbi request reprint Altered states: LSD and the Anesthesia Laboratory of Henry Knowles Beecher
    George A Mashour
    Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, USA
    Bull Anesth Hist 23:11-4. 2005