RUTH E contact MALONE

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Tobacco endgames: what they are and are not, issues for tobacco control strategic planning and a possible US scenario
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94118, USA
    Tob Control 22:i42-4. 2013
  2. doi request reprint Being part of something: transformative outcomes of a community-based participatory study
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Health Promot Pract 14:205-12. 2013
  3. pmc Why California retailers stop selling tobacco products, and what their customers and employees think about it when they do: case studies
    Patricia A McDaniel
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, 3333 California Street, Suite 455, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:848. 2011
  4. pmc Tobacco industry denormalisation as a tobacco control intervention: a review
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Tob Control 21:162-70. 2012
  5. ncbi request reprint Nursing's involvement in tobacco control: historical perspective and vision for the future
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco 94118, USA
    Nurs Res 55:S51-7. 2006
  6. pmc "It's like Tuskegee in reverse": a case study of ethical tensions in institutional review board review of community-based participatory research
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0612, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1914-9. 2006
  7. pmc Conveying misinformation: Top-ranked Japanese books on tobacco
    Yuko Kanamori
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 3333 California St, Suite 455, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Tob Induc Dis 9:3. 2011
  8. pmc Corporate philanthropy, lobbying, and public health policy
    Laura E Tesler
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:2123-33. 2008
  9. pmc "If you know you exist, it's just marketing poison": meanings of tobacco industry targeting in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community
    Elizabeth A Smith
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:996-1003. 2008
  10. pmc Advance and retreat: tobacco control policy in the U.S. military
    Sarah R Arvey
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California San Francisco, 3333 California Street, Suite 455, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Mil Med 173:985-91. 2008

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. pmc Tobacco endgames: what they are and are not, issues for tobacco control strategic planning and a possible US scenario
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94118, USA
    Tob Control 22:i42-4. 2013
    ..The risks of not envisioning an endpoint for the tobacco epidemic are far greater than the risks of attempting any endgame solutions and failing...
  2. doi request reprint Being part of something: transformative outcomes of a community-based participatory study
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Health Promot Pract 14:205-12. 2013
    ..The authors analyzed "secondary outcomes" of Protecting the 'Hood Against Tobacco (PHAT), a CBPR project conducted in San Francisco, California...
  3. pmc Why California retailers stop selling tobacco products, and what their customers and employees think about it when they do: case studies
    Patricia A McDaniel
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, 3333 California Street, Suite 455, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:848. 2011
    ..No previous studies have examined the reasons for this emerging phenomenon. We sought to learn what motivated retailers to discontinue tobacco sales and what employees and customers thought about their decision...
  4. pmc Tobacco industry denormalisation as a tobacco control intervention: a review
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Tob Control 21:162-70. 2012
    ..To conduct a review of research examining the effects of tobacco industry denormalisation (TID) on smoking-related and attitude-related outcomes...
  5. ncbi request reprint Nursing's involvement in tobacco control: historical perspective and vision for the future
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco 94118, USA
    Nurs Res 55:S51-7. 2006
    ....
  6. pmc "It's like Tuskegee in reverse": a case study of ethical tensions in institutional review board review of community-based participatory research
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0612, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1914-9. 2006
    ..The current ethics culture of academia may sometimes serve to protect institutional power at the expense of community empowerment...
  7. pmc Conveying misinformation: Top-ranked Japanese books on tobacco
    Yuko Kanamori
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 3333 California St, Suite 455, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Tob Induc Dis 9:3. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  8. pmc Corporate philanthropy, lobbying, and public health policy
    Laura E Tesler
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:2123-33. 2008
    ....
  9. pmc "If you know you exist, it's just marketing poison": meanings of tobacco industry targeting in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community
    Elizabeth A Smith
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:996-1003. 2008
    ..Participants did not view tobacco as a gay health issue. Targeting is a key aspect of corporate-community interaction. A better understanding of targeting may aid public health efforts to counter corporate disease promotion...
  10. pmc Advance and retreat: tobacco control policy in the U.S. military
    Sarah R Arvey
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California San Francisco, 3333 California Street, Suite 455, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Mil Med 173:985-91. 2008
    ..Finally, policy designers should also consider ways to reduce or eliminate existing perverse incentives to increase tobacco consumption, such as allowing exchange store tobacco sales to fund Morale, Recreation, and Welfare Programs...
  11. pmc Children's secondhand smoke exposure in private homes and cars: an ethical analysis
    Jill A Jarvie
    San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:2140-5. 2008
    ..We reviewed legislation and court cases related to such initiatives and used a principlist approach to analyze the ethical implications of policies banning smoking in private cars and homes in which children are present...
  12. pmc Tobacco promotion to military personnel: "the plums are here to be plucked"
    Elizabeth A Smith
    Department of Social and Behavioral Science, University of California, San Francisco, 3333 California Street, Suite 455, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Mil Med 174:797-806. 2009
    ..The U.S. military collaborated with the tobacco industry for decades, creating a military culture of smoking. Reversing that process will require strong policy establishing tobacco use as unmilitary...
  13. ncbi request reprint Racialized geography, corporate activity, and health disparities: tobacco industry targeting of inner cities
    Valerie B Yerger
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0612, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 18:10-38. 2007
    ..Our analysis shows how the industry's activities contributed to the racialized geography of today's tobacco-related health disparities...
  14. pmc Death at a discount: how the tobacco industry thwarted tobacco control policies in US military commissaries
    Elizabeth A Smith
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, Box 0612 San Francisco, CA 94143 0612, USA
    Tob Control 16:38-46. 2007
    ..Tobacco use also impairs short-term troop readiness...
  15. ncbi request reprint Nicotine replacement therapy: perceptions of African-American smokers seeking to quit
    Valerie B Yerger
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0612, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 100:230-6. 2008
    ..To explore why some African-American smokers choose not to use nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) when attempting smoking cessation...
  16. pmc Pictures worth a thousand words: noncommercial tobacco content in the lesbian, gay, and bisexual press
    Elizabeth A Smith
    Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    J Health Commun 11:635-49. 2006
    ..Noncommercial print images of smoking may normalize it, as movie product placement does. Media advocacy approaches could counter normalization of smoking in LGB-specific media...
  17. pmc 'We will speak as the smoker': the tobacco industry's smokers' rights groups
    Elizabeth A Smith
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California San Francisco Box 0612 San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Eur J Public Health 17:306-13. 2007
    ..This study assesses industry attempts to organize 'smokers' rights groups,' (SRGs) and the image of the smoker that underlay these efforts...
  18. pmc "I always thought they were all pure tobacco": American smokers' perceptions of "natural" cigarettes and tobacco industry advertising strategies
    Patricia A McDaniel
    Department of Social and Behavioural Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, 3333 California Street, Suite 455, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Tob Control 16:e7. 2007
    ..To examine how the US tobacco industry markets cigarettes as "natural" and American smokers' views of the "naturalness" (or unnaturalness) of cigarettes...
  19. pmc False promises: the tobacco industry, "low tar" cigarettes, and older smokers
    Janine K Cataldo
    Department of Physiological Nursing, Geriatric Specialty, School of Nursing, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94943 0610, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:1716-23. 2008
    ..Comprehensive tobacco control measures must include a focus on older smokers...
  20. pmc Philip Morris's health information web site appears responsible but undermines public health
    Elizabeth A Smith
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    Public Health Nurs 25:554-64. 2008
    ..Public health nurses should be prepared to examine health information on the Internet for subtle biases, to counter PM's specific language about smoking to patients, and to challenge PM's larger corporate goals...
  21. pmc The role of corporate credibility in legitimizing disease promotion
    Patricia A McDaniel
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, 3333 California St, Suite 455, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:452-61. 2009
    ..We explored what corporate "credibility" means to tobacco companies to determine why it matters to companies and what a lack of credibility means to them...
  22. pmc Creating the "desired mindset": Philip Morris's efforts to improve its corporate image among women
    Patricia A McDaniel
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94118, USA
    Women Health 49:441-74. 2009
    ..It was more successful in securing women's organizations as allies than active moms. Increasing tobacco's visibility as a global women's health issue may require addressing industry influence...
  23. ncbi request reprint The social and political context of the tobacco epidemic: nursing research and scholarship on the tobacco industry
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Annu Rev Nurs Res 27:63-90. 2009
    ..Implications of this work for nursing practice, research, and policy intervention are discussed...
  24. pmc "Willful misconduct": how the US government prevented tobacco-disabled veterans from obtaining disability pensions
    Naphtali Offen
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1166-73. 2010
    ..Securing pensions was complicated by the notion that smoking is primarily a personal choice. The US government should compensate veterans fairly and should abolish military practices that encourage tobacco addiction...
  25. pmc "Our reach is wide by any corporate standard": how the tobacco industry helped defeat the Clinton health plan and why it matters now
    Laura E Tesler
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0612, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1174-88. 2010
    ..As the current reform debate unfolds, this case highlights the importance of funding transparency for interpreting the activities of think tanks, advocacy groups, and "grassroots" movements...
  26. pmc The "We Card" program: tobacco industry "youth smoking prevention" as industry self-preservation
    Dorie E Apollonio
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0613, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1188-201. 2010
    ..Policymakers should be cautious about accepting industry self-regulation at face value, both because it redounds to the industry's benefit and because it is ineffective...
  27. pmc Forcing the Navy to sell cigarettes on ships: how the tobacco industry and politicians torpedoed Navy tobacco control
    Naphtali Offen
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:404-11. 2011
    ..Because of military lobbying constraints, civilian pressure on Congress may be necessary to establish effective tobacco control policies in the armed forces...
  28. pmc "Everywhere the soldier will be": wartime tobacco promotion in the US military
    Elizabeth A Smith
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1595-602. 2009
    ..Considering tobacco use a benefit undermines military health priorities. Stronger policy is needed to reframe tobacco use as incompatible with military ideals...
  29. pmc Making big tobacco give in: you lose, they win
    Nathaniel Wander
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences and the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0612, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:2048-54. 2006
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Melanin and nicotine: A review of the literature
    Valerie B Yerger
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences and Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0612, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 8:487-98. 2006
    ..Differential accumulation of nicotine in melanin-containing tissues could have implications for individuals with high levels of melanin...
  31. ncbi request reprint Tobacco industry sponsorships: new image belies its deadly product
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco 94143 1390, USA
    J Emerg Nurs 30:185-7. 2004
  32. pmc The outing of Philip Morris: advertising tobacco to gay men
    Elizabeth A Smith
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California San Francisco, 94143, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:988-93. 2003
    ..This case study describes the events surrounding the first time a major tobacco company advertised in gay media...
  33. ncbi request reprint Distal nursing
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, Box 0936, San Francisco, CA 94143 0936, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:2317-26. 2003
    ..Examining these proximities through a place-space lens suggests that nursing is increasingly "distal" to patient care. There are potentially dangerous implications in this loss of proximity...
  34. ncbi request reprint Nurse staffing ratios: progressive policy changes
    Ruth E Malone
    Nursing and Health Policy, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Emerg Nurs 29:180-2. 2003
  35. pmc Altria means tobacco: Philip Morris's identity crisis
    Elizabeth A Smith
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:553-6. 2003
    ..Company documents also suggest what the vulnerabilities of those plans are and how advocates might best exploit them...
  36. ncbi request reprint UCSF's new center for tobacco control research and education finds valuable lessons in the tobacco industry's internal documents
    Ruth E Malone
    Institute for Health Policy Studies and Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, 94143, USA
    J Emerg Nurs 29:75-7. 2003
  37. ncbi request reprint Shareholder activism and health policies
    Ruth E Malone
    Institute for Health Policy Studies and Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA
    J Emerg Nurs 28:586-8. 2002
  38. ncbi request reprint High school journalists' perspectives on tobacco
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA
    J Health Commun 7:139-56. 2002
    ..Youth journalists should also be included in media advocacy efforts...
  39. pmc Tobacco industry surveillance of public health groups: the case of STAT (Stop Teenage Addiction to Tobacco) and INFACT (Infant Formula Action Coalition)
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, and Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, 94143 0936, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:955-60. 2002
    ..The goal of this study was to describe how the tobacco industry collects information about public health groups...
  40. ncbi request reprint Night shifts and breast cancer risk: policy implications
    Ruth E Malone
    Nursing and Health Policy, Institute for Health Policy Studies and Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA
    J Emerg Nurs 28:169-71. 2002
  41. ncbi request reprint Taking it to the streets: responses of African American young adults to internal tobacco industry documents
    Valerie B Yerger
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences and Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0612, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 7:163-72. 2005
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Using marginalization theory to examine pedestrian injury: a case study
    Sasha J Cuttler
    Department of Community Health Systems, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    ANS Adv Nurs Sci 28:278-86. 2005
    ..Nurses can use concepts of marginalization to inform and dialogue with communities about healthier, safer transportation options and ways to achieve them...
  43. ncbi request reprint New practical book helps nurses to help patients stop smoking using the five A's: ask, advise, assess, assist, arrange
    Ruth E Malone
    University of California, San Francisco 94143 0612, USA
    J Emerg Nurs 31:497-9. 2005
  44. pmc Is tobacco a gay issue? Interviews with leaders of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community
    Naphtali Offen
    School of Nursing, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Cult Health Sex 10:143-57. 2008
    ..Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender tobacco-control advocates should reframe smoking as an unhealthy response to the stresses of homophobia to persuade leaders that tobacco control is central to LGBT health...
  45. pmc The tobacco industry and pesticide regulations: case studies from tobacco industry archives
    Patricia A McDaniel
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 1390, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:1659-65. 2005
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint Selling off or selling out? Medical schools and ethical leadership in tobacco stock divestment
    Nathaniel Wander
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California San Francisco, 530 Parnassus, Suite 366, Box 1390, San Francisco, CA 94143 1390, USA
    Acad Med 79:1017-26. 2004
    ..Silent divestment squanders opportunities for ethical leadership and public dialogue...
  47. pmc The ethics of industry experimentation using employees: the case of taste-testing pesticide-treated tobacco
    Patricia A McDaniel
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, 530 Parnassus Ave, Suite 366, San Francisco, CA 94143 1390, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:37-46. 2006
    ....
  48. pmc What makes an ad a cigarette ad? Commercial tobacco imagery in the lesbian, gay, and bisexual press
    Elizabeth A Smith
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Box 0612, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:1086-91. 2005
    ..To determine the extent of commercial tobacco imagery in the lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) press...
  49. doi request reprint Examining the impending gap in clinical nursing expertise
    Liana Orsolini-Hain
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Policy Polit Nurs Pract 8:158-69. 2007
    ..This article explores the implications of these phenomena. Without careful planning, efforts to address the numerical shortage may inadvertently worsen the expertise gap, contributing to unsafe care and affecting nursing retention...
  50. doi request reprint Combining community participatory research with a randomized clinical trial: the Protecting the Hood Against Tobacco (PHAT) smoking cessation study
    Erika Sivarajan Froelicher
    Department of Physiological Nursing, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0610, USA
    Heart Lung 39:50-63. 2010
    ..This study provides lessons for future similar research projects that focus on urban low-income populations...
  51. ncbi request reprint Assessing the policy environment
    Ruth E Malone
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Policy Polit Nurs Pract 6:135-43. 2005
    ..This article proposes a question-based framework for clinical practice nurses to use in assessing the policy environment...
  52. ncbi request reprint Economism, efficiency, and the moral ecology of good nursing practice
    Sara M Weiss
    Institute on Aging, Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Can J Nurs Res 34:95-119. 2002
    ..Increasing mistrust of health-care systems on the part of practitioners, patients, and families suggests that it is time to attend closely to the moral ecology of caring practices...
  53. pmc "I'll be your cigarette--light me up and get on with it": examining smoking imagery on YouTube
    Susan R Forsyth
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 12:810-6. 2010
    ..However, no studies have examined how this content changes across time. We studied the primary message and genre of YouTube videos about smoking across two time periods...
  54. ncbi request reprint Advanced nursing training in health policy: designing and implementing a new program
    Charlene Harrington
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Policy Polit Nurs Pract 6:99-108. 2005
    ..The program is supported through funding by the Department of Health and Human Services Health Resources and Services Administration, Advanced Nurse Training program...
  55. ncbi request reprint Accustomed to enduring: experiences of African-American women seeking care for cardiac symptoms
    Angela D Banks
    Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Heart Lung 34:13-21. 2005
    ..Understand the meaning of delayed treatment seeking in African-American women with unstable angina and myocardial infarction...
  56. pmc Working to make a disease
    Ruth E Malone
    Tob Control 16:361-2. 2007
  57. ncbi request reprint Vulnerable places: contextualizing health practices
    Ruth E Malone
    Soc Sci Med 56:2243-4. 2003
  58. pmc How the health belief model helps the tobacco industry: individuals, choice, and "information"
    Edith D Balbach
    Community Health Program, Tufts University, 112 Packard Avenue, Medford, MA 02155, USA
    Tob Control 15:iv37-43. 2006
    ....
  59. ncbi request reprint Confronting tobacco
    Ruth E Malone
    Am J Nurs 105:16. 2005
  60. pmc Nursing, our public deaths, and the tobacco industry
    Ruth E Malone
    Am J Crit Care 11:102-5. 2002
  61. ncbi request reprint Making the "hit list"
    Ruth E Malone
    Am J Nurs 103:13. 2003

Research Grants18

  1. The Tobacco Problem:Public Health Implications of Contested Frames
    Ruth E Malone; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, it will enhance understanding of the industry's role i promoting the social acceptability of smoking. ..
  2. The Tobacco Problem:Public Health Implications of Contested Frames
    Ruth Malone; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In addition, it will enhance understanding of the industry's role i promoting the social acceptability of smoking. ..
  3. The Tobacco Problem:Public Health Implications of Contested Frames
    Ruth Malone; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, it will enhance understanding of the industry's role in promoting the social acceptability of smoking. ..
  4. Tobacco Industry Influence on the U.S. Military
    Ruth Malone; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Drawing on the results of Aims #1-3, we will develop and disseminate recommendations for tobacco control policies and initiatives, which address gaps in current military tobacco control policies. ..
  5. Responses to Public Health Campaigns
    Ruth Malone; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Tobacco Industry Targeting of Gays and Lesbians
    Ruth Malone; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  7. Responses to Public Health Campaigns
    Ruth Malone; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Enhancing Civilian Support for Military Tobacco Control
    RUTH E contact MALONE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....