Rainer Lohmann

Summary

Affiliation: University of Rhode Island
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Oceanic biogeochemical controls on global dynamics of persistent organic pollutants
    Jordi Dachs
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB CSIC, Jordi Girona, Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain
    Environ Sci Technol 36:4229-37. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in air and seawater of the Atlantic Ocean: sources, trends and processes
    Rosalinda Gioia
    Centre for Chemicals Management and Department of Environmental Science, Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 42:1416-22. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint Science should guide TSCA reform
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 47:8995-6. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Vertical eddy diffusion as a key mechanism for removing perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) from the global surface oceans
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI 02882, USA
    Environ Pollut 179:88-94. 2013
  5. doi request reprint PAHs on a west-to-east transect across the tropical Atlantic Ocean
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, South Ferry Road, Narragansett, 02882 Rhode Island, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 47:2570-8. 2013
  6. doi request reprint PCBs and OCPs on a east-to-west transect: the importance of major currents and net volatilization for PCBs in the Atlantic Ocean
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, South Ferry Road, Narragansett, 02882 Rhode Island, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 46:10471-9. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Use of passive sampling devices for monitoring and compliance checking of POP concentrations in water
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 215 South Ferry Rd, Narragansett, RI 02882, USA
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 19:1885-95. 2012
  8. ncbi request reprint Critical review of low-density polyethylene's partitioning and diffusion coefficients for trace organic contaminants and implications for its use as a passive sampler
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 215 South Ferry Road, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 46:606-18. 2012
  9. ncbi request reprint Global fate of POPs: current and future research directions
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI 02882 1197, USA
    Environ Pollut 150:150-65. 2007
  10. doi request reprint Determining air-water exchange, spatial and temporal trends of freely dissolved PAHs in an urban estuary using passive polyethylene samplers
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 45:2655-62. 2011

Detail Information

Publications48

  1. ncbi request reprint Oceanic biogeochemical controls on global dynamics of persistent organic pollutants
    Jordi Dachs
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB CSIC, Jordi Girona, Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain
    Environ Sci Technol 36:4229-37. 2002
    ..It is concluded that oceanic biogeochemical processes play a critical role in controlling the global dynamics and the ultimate sink of POPs...
  2. ncbi request reprint Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in air and seawater of the Atlantic Ocean: sources, trends and processes
    Rosalinda Gioia
    Centre for Chemicals Management and Department of Environmental Science, Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 42:1416-22. 2008
    ..Generally, the tri- and tetrachlorinated homologues dominated the total flux (> 70%). Total PCB fluxes (28, 52, 118, 138, and 153) ranged from -7 to 0.02 ng m(-2) day(-1)...
  3. ncbi request reprint Science should guide TSCA reform
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 47:8995-6. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Vertical eddy diffusion as a key mechanism for removing perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) from the global surface oceans
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI 02882, USA
    Environ Pollut 179:88-94. 2013
    ..The top 100 m of the surface oceans store another 21% of all PFOA produced (∼1100 t)...
  5. doi request reprint PAHs on a west-to-east transect across the tropical Atlantic Ocean
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, South Ferry Road, Narragansett, 02882 Rhode Island, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 47:2570-8. 2013
    ..Air-water gradients indicated that PAHs are mostly undergoing net deposition across the tropical Atlantic Ocean, with conditions closer to equilibrium off the U.S. East Coast and in Rhode Island Sound...
  6. doi request reprint PCBs and OCPs on a east-to-west transect: the importance of major currents and net volatilization for PCBs in the Atlantic Ocean
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, South Ferry Road, Narragansett, 02882 Rhode Island, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 46:10471-9. 2012
    ..While the Amazon plume flushed only a few kg of PCBs and HCB, the Gulf Stream is potentially delivering tons of PCBs into the North Atlantic annually...
  7. doi request reprint Use of passive sampling devices for monitoring and compliance checking of POP concentrations in water
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 215 South Ferry Rd, Narragansett, RI 02882, USA
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 19:1885-95. 2012
    ..Widely used nonpolar PSDs include semi-permeable membrane devices, low-density polyethylene and silicone rubber...
  8. ncbi request reprint Critical review of low-density polyethylene's partitioning and diffusion coefficients for trace organic contaminants and implications for its use as a passive sampler
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 215 South Ferry Road, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 46:606-18. 2012
    ..A good correlation is then found between D(PE) and molar volume, V(m) (Ǻ(3)/mol): logD(PE) (m(2)/s) = 0.0145(±0.001)V(m) + 10.1(±0.20) (r(2) = 0.76, SE = 0.24, n = 74)...
  9. ncbi request reprint Global fate of POPs: current and future research directions
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI 02882 1197, USA
    Environ Pollut 150:150-65. 2007
    ..However, future research will need to understand the various biogeochemical and geophysical cycles under anthropogenic pressures to be able to understand and predict the global fate of POPs accurately...
  10. doi request reprint Determining air-water exchange, spatial and temporal trends of freely dissolved PAHs in an urban estuary using passive polyethylene samplers
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 45:2655-62. 2011
    ..Based on characteristic PAH ratios, freely dissolved PAHs at most sites originated from the combustion of fossil fuels; only two sites were at times affected by fuel spill-derived PAHs...
  11. ncbi request reprint Organochlorine pesticides and PAHs in the surface water and atmosphere of the North Atlantic and Arctic Ocean
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 43:5633-9. 2009
    ..Lowest EF (0.47) for CC were also at 75 degrees N, other samples had EFs from 0.49 to 0.52. It is suggested that samples from around 75 degrees N in the Greenland Gyre represented a combination of surface and older/deeper Arctic water...
  12. ncbi request reprint Verifying emission factors and national POPs emission inventories for the UK using measurements and modelling at two rural locations
    Rainer Lohmann
    Department of Environmental Science, IENS, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
    J Environ Monit 8:79-88. 2006
    ..Finally, the UK's national POPs emission inventories based on source inventories and EF, as used here, were compared to estimates derived using the increase in atmospheric concentration of selected POPs...
  13. ncbi request reprint Emission factors and importance of PCDD/Fs, PCBs, PCNs, PAHs and PM10 from the domestic burning of coal and wood in the U.K
    Robert G M Lee
    Department of Environmental Science, IENS, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 39:1436-47. 2005
    ..Emissions of PAHs and PM10 were major contributors to U.K. national emission inventories. Major emissions were found from the domestic burning for Cl1,2,3DFs, while the contribution of PCDD/F-sigmaTEQ to total U.K. emissions was minor...
  14. ncbi request reprint Atlantic ocean surface waters buffer declining atmospheric concentrations of persistent organic pollutants
    Luca Nizzetto
    Centre of Chemicals Management, Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 44:6978-84. 2010
    ..This study provides experimental evidence that the ocean has a buffering capacity - dependent on individual chemicals - which moderates the rate at which the system will respond to an underlying change in continental emissions...
  15. ncbi request reprint Potential contamination of shipboard air samples by diffusive emissions of PCBs and other organic pollutants: implications and solutions
    Rainer Lohmann
    Environmental Science Department, Institute of Environmental and Natural Sciences, Lancaster University, LA1 4YQ, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 38:3965-70. 2004
    ..The implications of these findings for past and future studies of global POPs distribution are discussed. Recommendations are made to help critically appraise and minimize the problems of insidious/diffusive shipboard contamination...
  16. ncbi request reprint Detecting air-water and surface-deep water gradients of PCBs using polyethylene passive samplers
    Eric J Morgan
    University of Rhode Island, Graduate School of Oceanography, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 42:7248-53. 2008
    ..Our results demonstrate that passive samplers are powerful tools to determine the flux directions of organic contaminants in the environment...
  17. doi request reprint Field validation of polyethylene passive air samplers for parent and alkylated PAHs in Alexandria, Egypt
    Mohammed A Khairy
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 46:3990-8. 2012
    ..PAH profiles were dominated by naphthalene, phenanthrene, and alkylated phenanthrenes. Calculated diagnostic ratios indicated that PAHs originated mainly from vehicle emissions...
  18. doi request reprint Resuspension of polychlorinated biphenyl-contaminated field sediment: release to the water column and determination of site-specific K DOC
    Carey L Friedman
    University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 30:377-84. 2011
    ..g., 28, 65, and 90% for PCBs 28, 66, and 110, respectively). Results also imply that site-specific PCB K(DOC)s are superior to those calculated with generic LFERs...
  19. ncbi request reprint Dietary uptake from historically contaminated sediments as a source of PCBs to migratory fish and invertebrates in an urban estuary
    Eric J Morgan
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 44:5444-9. 2010
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Evidence for dynamic air-water coupling and cycling of persistent organic pollutants over the open Atlantic Ocean
    Foday M Jaward
    Department of Environmental Science, Institute of Environmental and Natural Sciences, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YQ, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 38:2617-25. 2004
    ..However, the precise mechanisms remain unclear; further studies are urgently required to elucidate them...
  21. doi request reprint Passive sampling provides evidence for Newark Bay as a source of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans to the New York/New Jersey, USA, atmosphere
    Carey L Friedman
    University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography, Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 31:253-61. 2012
    ..Mass balance calculations implied that almost 50% of freely dissolved 2,3,7,8-TCDD delivered to Newark Bay from the Hackensack and Passaic Rivers was lost to volatilization in the summer of 2009...
  22. doi request reprint Role of black carbon in the sorption of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans at the Diamond Alkali superfund site, Newark Bay, New Jersey
    Matthew K Lambert
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 215 South Ferry Road, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 45:4331-8. 2011
    ..Even though the presence of BC in the sediments reduced the overall bioavailability of PCDD/Fs by >90%, the sediments at 2 m depth continue to display the highest pore water activities of PCDD/Fs...
  23. ncbi request reprint Organochlorine pollutants in Western Antarctic Peninsula sediments and benthic deposit feeders
    Lin Zhang
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882 1197, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 47:5643-51. 2013
    ..PCBs and OCPs in the holothurians were in equilibrium with those in the porewater...
  24. ncbi request reprint Comparing sediment equilibrium partitioning and passive sampling techniques to estimate benthic biota PCDD/F concentrations in Newark Bay, New Jersey (U.S.A.)
    Carey L Friedman
    University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography URI GSO, University of Rhode Island Narragansett Bay Campus, 215 South Ferry Road, Narragansett, RI 02882, USA 2 Electronic address
    Environ Pollut 186:172-9. 2014
    ..We recommend passive samplers such as polyethylene for estimating concentrations of hydrophobic organic contaminants in field biota given its simplicity and relatively lower uncertainty compared to sediment equilibrium partitioning...
  25. doi request reprint Feasibility of using low density polyethylene sheets to detect atmospheric organochlorine pesticides in Alexandria, Egypt
    Mohammed A Khairy
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 215 South Ferry Road, Narragansett, RI 02882, United States
    Environ Pollut 181:151-8. 2013
    ..OCP concentrations ranged from <LOD to 168 pg/m(3). Calculated isomeric ratios indicated recent usage of chlordanes and endosulfans...
  26. doi request reprint Freely dissolved PBDEs in water and porewater of an urban estuary
    Victoria P Sacks
    University of Rhode Island, Graduate School of Oceanography, Narragansett, RI 02882, USA
    Environ Pollut 162:287-93. 2012
    ..On-going sources supply PBDEs to Narragansett Bay...
  27. doi request reprint Challenges of using polyethylene passive samplers to determine dissolved concentrations of parent and alkylated PAHs under cold and saline conditions
    Pamela J Reitsma
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882 1197, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 47:10429-37. 2013
    ..In a simulated marine oil spill in the laboratory, PE-based results were within a factor of 2 of conventional sampling results for the most abundant PAHs. ..
  28. doi request reprint Source apportionment and risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the atmospheric environment of Alexandria, Egypt
    Mohammed A Khairy
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 215 South Ferry Road, Narragansett, RI 02882, USA
    Chemosphere 91:895-903. 2013
    ..Total ILTCRs (6.64×10(-3)-4.42×10(-2)) indicated high potential risks to the local residents...
  29. doi request reprint Enhanced sorption of PAHs in natural-fire-impacted sediments from Oriole Lake, California
    Julia Sullivan
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 45:2626-33. 2011
    ..For phenanthrene, values of n differed significantly between sorption to natural chars (0.1-0.4) and sorption to anthropogenic black carbon (>0.5), suggesting it could serve as an in situ probe of sorbents...
  30. ncbi request reprint Adsorptive and absorptive contributions to the gas-particle partitioning of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: state of knowledge and recommended parametrization for modeling
    Rainer Lohmann
    Department of Environmental Science, Institute of Environmental and Natural Sciences, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YQ, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 38:3793-803. 2004
    ..We hypothesize that kinetic constraints related to shell-like particle structures might lead to deviations from sorption equilibrium and higher particle-borne fractions of PAHs in particular at remote sites...
  31. doi request reprint Development and use of polyethylene passive samplers to detect triclosans and alkylphenols in an urban estuary
    Victoria P Sacks
    University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography, South Ferry Road, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 45:2270-7. 2011
    ..Surface/bottom and bottom/porewater activity ratios were calculated. These indicated surface waters as the main source of MTCS, while surface water as well as sediments were sources of t-OP...
  32. ncbi request reprint Field calibration of low density polyethylene passive samplers for gaseous POPs
    Mohammed A Khairy
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 215 South Ferry Road, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, USA
    Environ Sci Process Impacts 16:414-21. 2014
    ..82 ± 0.02 × log PL + 6.22 ± 0.05 (R(2) = 0.96; n = 59; SE = 0.22)] to predict values for all POPs. PL was generally found to be a better predictor of KPE-A for all POPs. ..
  33. ncbi request reprint Concentrations, Fluxes, and Residence Time of PBDEs Across the Tropical Atlantic Ocean
    Rainer Lohmann
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, South Ferry Road, Narragansett, 02882 Rhode Island, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 47:13967-75. 2013
    ..Settling fluxes of particle-bound PBDEs in the atmosphere and surface water were around 50 pg m(-2) day(-1) for BDE 47 and <10 pg m(-2) day(-1) for the other congeners. ..
  34. ncbi request reprint Cycling of PCBs and HCB in the surface ocean-lower atmosphere of the open Pacific
    Lin Zhang
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882 1197, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 44:3832-8. 2010
    ..It is suggested that hydroxyl radical depletion reaction and air-water gas exchange together controlled the variation in [PCBs](gas)...
  35. doi request reprint Fate of chiral and achiral organochlorine pesticides in the North Atlantic Bloom Experiment
    Lin Zhang
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882 1197, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 46:8106-14. 2012
    ..Comparison with Arctic measurements suggested that the Arctic returned higher concentrations of α-HCH and HCB through both the atmospheric (polar easterlies) as well as oceanic transport (East Greenland Current) to the lower latitudes...
  36. ncbi request reprint Spatial trends, sources, and air-water exchange of organochlorine pesticides in the great lakes basin using low density polyethylene passive samplers
    Mohammed Khairy
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 215 South Ferry Road, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 48:9315-24. 2014
    ..02 to -33 ng/m(2)/day) and net volatilization of heptachlor, aldrin, trans-chlordane, and trans-nonachlor (0.0 to 9.0 ng/m(2)/day) in most samples. ..
  37. ncbi request reprint Significance of Population Centers As Sources of Gaseous and Dissolved PAHs in the Lower Great Lakes
    Carrie A McDonough
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 215 South Ferry Road, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 48:7789-97. 2014
    ..Comparison of air-water fluxes with temperature suggested that the significance of urban centers as sources of dissolved PAHs via diffusive exchange may decrease in warmer months. ..
  38. ncbi request reprint Global Aquatic Passive Sampling (AQUA-GAPS): Using Passive Samplers to Monitor POPs in the Waters of the World (1)
    Rainer Lohmann
    University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island
    Environ Sci Technol 44:860-4. 2010
    ..A global passive sampling network for POPs is needed in aquatic environments...
  39. ncbi request reprint Comparing polychaete and polyethylene uptake to assess sediment resuspension effects on PCB bioavailability
    Carey L Friedman
    U S Environmental Protection Agency, ORD NHEERL, Atlantic Ecology Division, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 43:2865-70. 2009
    ..This demonstrates that PE-measured porewater concentrations can provide a more reliable estimate of bioavailability than sediment geochemistry...
  40. ncbi request reprint Dependency of polychlorinated biphenyl and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon bioaccumulation in Mya arenaria on both water column and sediment bed chemical activities
    Rainer Lohmann
    Ralph M Parsons Laboratory, 48 415, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 23:2551-62. 2004
    ..These results suggest that attempts to estimate bioaccumulation by benthic organisms should include interactions with both the bed sediment and the water column...
  41. ncbi request reprint Latitudinal and seasonal capacity of the surface oceans as a reservoir of polychlorinated biphenyls
    Elena Jurado
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB CSIC, Jordi Girona 18 26, Barcelona 08034, Catalunya, Spain
    Environ Pollut 128:149-62. 2004
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Role of black carbon in the partitioning and bioavailability of organic pollutants
    Robert M Burgess
    Environ Toxicol Chem 23:2531-3. 2004
  43. ncbi request reprint Atmospheric dry deposition of persistent organic pollutants to the Atlantic and inferences for the global oceans
    Elena Jurado
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB CSIC, Jordi Girona 18 26, Barcelona 08034, Catalunya, Spain
    Environ Sci Technol 38:5505-13. 2004
    ..Furthermore, it is suggested that marine aerosol plays an important role in scavenging atmospheric contaminants...
  44. ncbi request reprint Wet deposition of persistent organic pollutants to the global oceans
    Elena Jurado
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB CSIC, Jordi Girona 18 26, Barcelona 08034, Catalunya, Spain
    Environ Sci Technol 39:2426-35. 2005
    ..However, when raining events and non-raining time periods are integrated, air-water diffusive exchange fluxes acquire an important role, which can be dominant in some regions and for some POPs...
  45. ncbi request reprint Polyethylene devices: passive samplers for measuring dissolved hydrophobic organic compounds in aquatic environments
    Rachel G Adams
    Ralph M Parsons Laboratory, MIT 48 413, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 41:1317-23. 2007
    ..PEDs are cheap and robust samplers, competent to accomplish in situ, time-averaged passive sampling with fast equilibration times (approximately days) and simplified laboratory analyses...
  46. ncbi request reprint Trace determination of the flame retardant tetrabromobisphenol A in the atmosphere by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
    Zhiyong Xie
    GKSS Research Centre, Institute for Coastal Research, Department of Environmental Chemistry, Max Planck Str 1, D 21502 Geesthacht, Germany
    Anal Chim Acta 584:333-42. 2007
    ..85 pgm(-3). A declining trend with increasing latitude was present from the Wadden Sea to the Arctic. The atmospheric occurrence of TBBPA in the Arctic is significant and might imply that TBBPA has long-range transport potential...
  47. ncbi request reprint Occurrence and air-sea exchange of phthalates in the Arctic
    Zhiyong Xie
    GKSS Research Centre Geesthacht, Institute for Coastal Research, Max Planck Strasse 1, D 21502 Geesthacht, Germany
    Environ Sci Technol 41:4555-60. 2007
    ..This suggests that atmospheric transport and deposition of phthalates is a significant process for their occurrence in the remote Atlantic and Arctic Ocean...
  48. ncbi request reprint PAHs in air and seawater along a North-South Atlantic transect: trends, processes and possible sources
    Luca Nizzetto
    Department of Chemical and Environmental Sciences, University of Insubria, Via Valleggio 11, Como, Italy
    Environ Sci Technol 42:1580-5. 2008
    ..Ratios for anthracene and phenanthrene were < 0.3 in the remote tropical Atlantic, suggesting net volatilization...