E H Livingston

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Body surface area prediction in normal-weight and obese patients
    E H Livingston
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, 11301 Wilshire Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 281:E586-91. 2001
  2. ncbi request reprint Use of the health and activities limitation index as a measure of quality of life in obesity
    Edward H Livingston
    Department of Surgery, Veterans Administration Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Obes Res 10:824-32. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Obesity and its surgical management
    Edward H Livingston
    VAMC Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, UCLA Bariatric Surgery Program, BOX 95 6904, UCLA School of Medicine, 90095 6904, USA
    Am J Surg 184:103-13. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Assessing the relative contribution of individual risk factors on surgical outcome for gastric bypass surgery: a baseline probability analysis
    Edward H Livingston
    VAMC Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, California, USA
    J Surg Res 105:48-52. 2002
  5. pmc Male gender is a predictor of morbidity and age a predictor of mortality for patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery
    Edward H Livingston
    VAMC Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, the UCLA Bariatric Surgery Program, and the UCLA Center for Human Nutrition, Los Angeles, California 90095 6904, USA
    Ann Surg 236:576-82. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Biexponential model for predicting weight loss after gastric surgery for obesity
    E H Livingston
    Department of Surgery, VA Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA
    J Surg Res 101:216-24. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Peer review
    E H Livingston
    Department of Surgery, VA Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, and the UCLA School of Medicine, BOX 95 6904, Los Angeles, California 90095 6904, USA
    Am J Surg 182:103-9. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint Reduced length of stay by implementation of a clinical pathway for bariatric surgery in an academic health care center
    S Huerta
    Department of Surgery, VA Greater Los Angeles Health Care System and the UCLA Center for Human Nutrition, California 90073, USA
    Am Surg 67:1128-35. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Simplified resting metabolic rate-predicting formulas for normal-sized and obese individuals
    Edward H Livingston
    Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, UT Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Room E7 126, Dallas, TX, 75390 9156, USA
    Obes Res 13:1255-62. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis: surgical treatment of obesity
    Melinda A Maggard
    Southern California Evidence Based Practice Center, RAND Health Division, Santa Monica, California, USA
    Ann Intern Med 142:547-59. 2005

Detail Information

Publications47

  1. ncbi request reprint Body surface area prediction in normal-weight and obese patients
    E H Livingston
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, 11301 Wilshire Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 281:E586-91. 2001
    ..6724). Covariance of height and weight for patients weighing <80 kg reduced the Du Bois BSA-predicting equation to a power function, explaining why it provides good BSA predictions for normal-size patients but fails with obesity...
  2. ncbi request reprint Use of the health and activities limitation index as a measure of quality of life in obesity
    Edward H Livingston
    Department of Surgery, Veterans Administration Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Obes Res 10:824-32. 2002
    ..The purpose of this investigation is to assess the sensitivity of the Health and Activities Limitation Index (HALex) utility index to obesity...
  3. ncbi request reprint Obesity and its surgical management
    Edward H Livingston
    VAMC Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, UCLA Bariatric Surgery Program, BOX 95 6904, UCLA School of Medicine, 90095 6904, USA
    Am J Surg 184:103-13. 2002
    ..Following weight loss there is a high cure rate for diabetes and sleep apnea, with significant improvement in other complications of obesity such as hypertension and osteoarthritis...
  4. ncbi request reprint Assessing the relative contribution of individual risk factors on surgical outcome for gastric bypass surgery: a baseline probability analysis
    Edward H Livingston
    VAMC Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, California, USA
    J Surg Res 105:48-52. 2002
    ..We used these techniques to determine which of the potential risk factors had the greatest impact on adverse outcomes following gastric bypass surgery...
  5. pmc Male gender is a predictor of morbidity and age a predictor of mortality for patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery
    Edward H Livingston
    VAMC Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, the UCLA Bariatric Surgery Program, and the UCLA Center for Human Nutrition, Los Angeles, California 90095 6904, USA
    Ann Surg 236:576-82. 2002
    ..To determine preoperative risk factors predictive of adverse outcomes after gastric bypass surgery...
  6. ncbi request reprint Biexponential model for predicting weight loss after gastric surgery for obesity
    E H Livingston
    Department of Surgery, VA Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA
    J Surg Res 101:216-24. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to develop a mathematical model that accurately estimates the rate and extent of weight loss following gastric bypass surgery...
  7. ncbi request reprint Peer review
    E H Livingston
    Department of Surgery, VA Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, and the UCLA School of Medicine, BOX 95 6904, Los Angeles, California 90095 6904, USA
    Am J Surg 182:103-9. 2001
    ..The peer review process and the laws that govern it should be reformed to regain its ability to improve and assure quality without being a threat to physicians...
  8. ncbi request reprint Reduced length of stay by implementation of a clinical pathway for bariatric surgery in an academic health care center
    S Huerta
    Department of Surgery, VA Greater Los Angeles Health Care System and the UCLA Center for Human Nutrition, California 90073, USA
    Am Surg 67:1128-35. 2001
    ..Our results indicate that implementation of a clinical pathway for bariatric surgery reduces cost and improves quality of care in an academic institution...
  9. ncbi request reprint Simplified resting metabolic rate-predicting formulas for normal-sized and obese individuals
    Edward H Livingston
    Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, UT Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Room E7 126, Dallas, TX, 75390 9156, USA
    Obes Res 13:1255-62. 2005
    ..Resting metabolic rate (RMR) is known to be proportional to body weight and to follow allometric scaling principles. We hypothesized that RMR can be predicted from an allometric formula with weight alone as an independent variable...
  10. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis: surgical treatment of obesity
    Melinda A Maggard
    Southern California Evidence Based Practice Center, RAND Health Division, Santa Monica, California, USA
    Ann Intern Med 142:547-59. 2005
    ..Controversy exists regarding the effectiveness of surgery for weight loss and the resulting improvement in health-related outcomes...
  11. ncbi request reprint Procedure incidence and in-hospital complication rates of bariatric surgery in the United States
    Edward H Livingston
    Division of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and VA North Texas Health Care System, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Room E7 126, Dallas, TX 75390 9156, USA
    Am J Surg 188:105-10. 2004
    ..Complication rates for bariatric surgery have been reported primarily from academic centers with specialized programs. The rates may not reflect those occurring in the community...
  12. ncbi request reprint Complications of bariatric surgery
    Edward H Livingston
    Division of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern School of Medicine, Dallas, TX 75390 9156, USA
    Surg Clin North Am 85:853-68, vii. 2005
    ..The purpose of this article is to review the major complications that occur following anti-obesity procedures and to provide recommendations regarding their management...
  13. ncbi request reprint Technical complications are rising as common duct exploration is becoming rare
    Edward H Livingston
    Division of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern School of Medicine, Dallas, TX, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 201:426-33. 2005
    ..ERCP has replaced the need for common duct exploration (CDE) in most cases of choledocholithiasis. We explored the secular trends and outcomes of CDE and how they have changed relative to introduction of ERCP...
  14. ncbi request reprint Lower body subcutaneous fat accumulation and diabetes mellitus risk
    Edward H Livingston
    Division of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern School of Medicine, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
    Surg Obes Relat Dis 2:362-8. 2006
    ..This is independent of the body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference...
  15. ncbi request reprint National Surgical Quality Improvement Program analysis of bariatric operations: modifiable risk factors contribute to bariatric surgical adverse outcomes
    Edward H Livingston
    Veterans Administration North Texas Health Care System and the Division of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern School of Medicine, Dallas, TX 75390 9156, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 203:625-33. 2006
    ..We sought to identify risk factors for surgical complications in a large, nationally representative population of US veterans...
  16. ncbi request reprint The impact of age and Medicare status on bariatric surgical outcomes
    Edward H Livingston
    Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System, Southwestern Medical School, Dallas, TX 75390 9156, USA
    Arch Surg 141:1115-20; discussion 1121. 2006
    ..Medicare status and increasing age are associated with poor outcomes from bariatric surgical procedures...
  17. ncbi request reprint Do current body mass index criteria for obesity surgery reflect cardiovascular risk?
    Edward H Livingston
    Division of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern School of Medicine, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA
    Surg Obes Relat Dis 3:577-85. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that the inconsistencies among the studies of the obesity-cardiovascular relationship were attributable to an irregular relationship between obesity and the presence of risk factors for CVD...
  18. doi request reprint Preoperative weight loss decreases the operative time of gastric bypass at a Veterans Administration hospital
    Sergio Huerta
    Department of Surgery, Dallas VA Medical Center, 4500 Lancaster Road, Dallas, TX 75216, USA
    Obes Surg 18:508-12. 2008
    ..This study assessed whether preoperative weight loss resulted in favorable outcomes after open Roux-en Y gastric bypass (RYGB)...
  19. doi request reprint Variations of weight loss following gastric bypass and gastric band
    Nancy Puzziferri
    Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA
    Ann Surg 248:233-42. 2008
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Interval jejunoileal bypass reduces the morbidity and mortality of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in the super-obese
    James R Arteaga
    VA Greater LA Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Am Surg 69:873-8. 2003
    ..The initial JIB was associated with low morbidity and no mortality, and the follow-up RYGB procedure was a technically simple operation that could be performed with few complications...
  21. ncbi request reprint Fibrin glue as a sealant for high-risk anastomosis in surgery for morbid obesity
    Carson D Liu
    University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine and Greater Los Angeles VA Medical Center, Department of Surgery, Los Angeles, CA 10833, USA
    Obes Surg 13:45-8. 2003
    ..Fibrin sealant, Tisseel, was used by one surgeon on 120 consecutive patients at the gastrojejunal anastomosis in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP). We hypothesized that the application of fibrin sealant would decrease anastomotic leaks...
  22. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of bariatric surgery in an integrated VA Health Care System: follow-up and outcomes
    Edward H Livingston
    Surgical and Research Services, Greater Los Angeles VA Health Care System, UCLA School of Medicine, Bariatric Surgery Program, 90073, USA
    J Surg Res 109:138-43. 2003
    ..This contrasts with the results of most volume-outcome studies and occurred in a low-volume hospital by a high-volume surgical and medical team. (4) Distinct patterns of weight loss were observed...
  23. ncbi request reprint Quality of life: cost and future of bariatric surgery
    Edward H Livingston
    Department of Surgery, Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Arch Surg 138:383-8. 2003
  24. ncbi request reprint Management of gastrojejunal anastomotic leaks after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
    James R Arteaga
    VA Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, Department of Surgery, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Am Surg 68:1061-5. 2002
    ..A high index of suspicion for leaks in postoperative RYGB patients with tachycardia is required if patients are to have good outcomes when complications develop...
  25. ncbi request reprint Bacterial lipopolysaccharide shifts fasted plasma ghrelin to postprandial levels in rats
    Nicole R Basa
    CURE Digestive Diseases Research Center, Digestive Diseases Division, David Geffen School of Medicine and Brain Research Institute, University of California at Los Angeles, Building 115, Room 203, 11301 Wilshire Boulevard, 90073, USA
    Neurosci Lett 343:25-8. 2003
    ..Re-feeding decreased plasma ghrelin levels by 58+/-3% compared with pre-feeding fasting values in i.p. vehicle group. These data provide the first evidence that LPS shifts fasting ghrelin levels to those observed postprandially...
  26. ncbi request reprint Evaluating health utility in patients with melanoma, breast cancer, colon cancer, and lung cancer: a nationwide, population-based assessment
    Clifford Y Ko
    UCLA Department of Surgery, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    J Surg Res 114:1-5. 2003
    ..Using a validated instrument for health utility (HALex), we calculated and report the scores of four different surgical cancers at multiple periods of follow-up, ranging from <1 year to >5 years after diagnosis...
  27. ncbi request reprint Assessment of routine elimination of postoperative nasogastric decompression after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
    Sergio Huerta
    VAMC Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, the UCLA Bariatric Surgery Program, and the UCLA Center for Human Nutrition, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Surgery 132:844-8. 2002
    ..In this study, we assessed the safety and efficacy of routine elimination of NGTs in a large cohort of patients undergoing a single operation...
  28. ncbi request reprint Characterizing the performance and outcomes of obesity surgery in California
    Jerome H Liu
    Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Am Surg 69:823-8. 2003
    ..Furthermore, this study identifies three independent predictors of complications: gender, comorbidity, and hospital volume. These findings are important initial steps toward improving quality in obesity surgery...
  29. ncbi request reprint Acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas in a morbidly obese patient
    Sergio Huerta
    Pancreas 25:414-5. 2002
  30. ncbi request reprint Bariatric surgery in the new millennium
    Edward H Livingston
    Department of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Room E7 126, Dallas, TX 75390 9156
    Arch Surg 142:919-22. 2007
  31. ncbi request reprint Rates of colon and rectal cancers are increasing in young adults
    Jessica B O'Connell
    Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Am Surg 69:866-72. 2003
    ..Although the overall prevalence is low in this population, the increasing incidence suggests health-care providers should have heightened awareness when caring for this population...
  32. ncbi request reprint When policy meets statistics: the very real effect that questionable statistical analysis has on limiting health care access for bariatric surgery
    Edward H Livingston
    Division of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, UT Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Room E7 126, Dallas, TX 75390 9156, USA
    Arch Surg 142:979-87. 2007
    ..Bariatric surgery for Medicare patients must be performed in an accredited hospital that performs at least 125 cases per year. We assessed the validity of this volume threshold and its policy implications...
  33. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A deficiency in a newborn resulting from maternal hypovitaminosis A after biliopancreatic diversion for the treatment of morbid obesity
    Sergio Huerta
    UCLA Center for Human Nutrition, Los Angeles 90095 1742, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:426-9. 2002
    ..This procedure has the theoretical advantage that patients retain normal eating capacity and lose weight irrespective of their eating habits. However, vitamin deficiencies may develop because BPD causes malabsorption...
  34. ncbi request reprint Executive summary of the recommendations of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, the Obesity Society, and American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery medical guidelines for clinical practice for the perioperative nutritional,
    Jeffrey I Mechanick
    Endocr Pract 14:318-36. 2008
  35. ncbi request reprint Safety and efficacy of postoperative continuous positive airway pressure to prevent pulmonary complications after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
    Sergio Huerta
    Center for Human Nutrition, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1742, USA
    J Gastrointest Surg 6:354-8. 2002
    ..CPAP is a useful modality for treating hypoventilation after RYGB without increasing the risk of developing postoperative anastomotic leaks...
  36. ncbi request reprint American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, The Obesity Society, and American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery Medical guidelines for clinical practice for the perioperative nutritional, metabolic, and nonsurgical support of the bariat
    Jeffrey I Mechanick
    Endocr Pract 14:1-83. 2008
  37. ncbi request reprint Modification of gene products involved in resistance to apoptosis in metastatic colon cancer cells: roles of Fas, Apaf-1, NFkappaB, IAPs, Smac/DIABLO, and AIF
    Sergio Huerta
    Department of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75216, USA
    J Surg Res 142:184-94. 2007
    ..In the present report, we investigated the apoptotic gene products that might account for colon cancer evasion of immune attack and chemoradioresistance-induced apoptosis...
  38. ncbi request reprint Assessment of comorbid conditions in veteran patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
    Sergio Huerta
    University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Veterans Administration North Texas Health Care System, 4500 Lancaster Rd, Dallas, TX 75216, United States
    Am J Surg 194:48-52. 2007
    ..The present study assessed the degree to which comorbid conditions improved after bariatric surgery in veteran patients...
  39. ncbi request reprint Development of bariatric surgery-specific risk assessment tool
    Edward H Livingston
    Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Surg Obes Relat Dis 3:14-20; discussion 20. 2007
    ..To date, the risk adjustment tools used for database analysis of bariatric surgical outcomes have been those designed for other purposes, and their sensitivity for bariatric outcomes has not been established...
  40. ncbi request reprint Gene expression profile of metastatic colon cancer cells resistant to cisplatin-induced apoptosis
    Sergio Huerta
    UCLA Center for Human Nutrition, and the David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1742, USA
    Int J Oncol 22:663-70. 2003
    ..Targeting these genes may increase chemotherapy effectiveness in advanced colon cancer and reduce toxicity in normal tissue...
  41. ncbi request reprint Colon cancer and apoptosis
    Sergio Huerta
    Department of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Veterans Administration North Texas Health Care System, Dallas, TX 75216, USA
    Am J Surg 191:517-26. 2006
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Hospital costs associated with bariatric procedures in the United States
    Edward H Livingston
    Department of Surgery, VAMC, Dallas and the Division of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern School of Medicine, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Room E7 126, Dallas, TX 75390 9156, USA
    Am J Surg 190:816-20. 2005
    ..The operations are thought to be cost-effective, but there has not been an analysis of the costs associated with these procedures at a national level precluding definitive cost-effectiveness studies useful for policy determination...
  43. ncbi request reprint Health care access and poverty do not explain the higher esophageal cancer mortality in African Americans
    Jordan A G Miller
    Division of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern School of Medicine, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Room E7 126, Dallas, TX 75390 9156, USA
    Am J Surg 188:22-6. 2004
    ..The reasons for this are unknown but are thought to be related to inadequate access to health care secondary to a higher poverty rate in African American populations...
  44. ncbi request reprint Effect of diabetes and hypertension on obesity-related mortality
    Edward H Livingston
    Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390 9156, USA
    Surgery 137:16-25. 2005
    ..However, many of the studies cited to justify this have aggregated patient groups together, making it difficult to apply their findings to individual patients...
  45. ncbi request reprint Do young colon cancer patients have worse outcomes?
    Jessica B O'Connell
    Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    World J Surg 28:558-62. 2004
    ..However, they have equivalent or better 5-year cancer-specific survival compared to older patients. This population-based finding contradicts prior single-institution reports...
  46. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic characteristics of the population eligible for obesity surgery
    Edward H Livingston
    Division of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern School of Medicine, the VA North Texas Health Care System, Dallas, USA
    Surgery 135:288-96. 2004
    ..Using the NIH criteria, we compared the socioeconomic characteristics of the population eligible for these operations to those receiving them...
  47. doi request reprint Bariatric surgery: is it right for your patient?
    Eve S Guth
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
    Postgrad Med 120:E01-14. 2008
    ..Careful patient selection is essential for the success of these procedures as is a structured follow-up process once the operations are performed...