C G Leukefeld

Summary

Affiliation: University of Kentucky
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Drug use and AIDS: estimating injection prevalence in a rural state
    Carl G Leukefeld
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 37:767-82. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Tailoring an HIV-prevention intervention for cocaine injectors and crack users in Porto Alegre, Brazil
    C G Leukefeld
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506, USA
    AIDS Care 17:S77-87. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Structured stories: reinforcing social skills in rural substance abuse treatment
    Carl G Leukefeld
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506 0350, USA
    Health Soc Work 27:213-7. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint A descriptive profile of health problems, health services utilization, and HIV serostatus among incarcerated male drug abusers
    Carl G Leukefeld
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, 643 Maxwelton Court, Lexington, KY 40506 0350, USA
    J Behav Health Serv Res 29:167-75. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint Substance abuse among rural and very rural drug users at treatment entry
    Marlies L Schoeneberger
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 32:87-110. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Factors predicting unmet health services needs among incarcerated substance users
    Egle Narevic
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 0086, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 41:1077-94. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Age differences in HIV risk behaviors and drug treatment utilization among drug users in Kentucky
    M L Schoeneberger
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40517, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 36:867-925. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint Increasing prevalence of prescription opiate misuse over time among rural probationers
    Jennifer R Havens
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, USA
    J Opioid Manag 3:107-11. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Predictors of current depressive symptoms in a sample of drug court participants
    Michelle Joosen
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 40:1113-25. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Correlates of subjective stress among drug court clients
    Thomas F Garrity
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 0086, USA
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 50:269-79. 2006

Detail Information

Publications43

  1. ncbi request reprint Drug use and AIDS: estimating injection prevalence in a rural state
    Carl G Leukefeld
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 37:767-82. 2002
    ..The first estimation approach uses available data from secondary data sources. The second approach involves three small community studies...
  2. ncbi request reprint Tailoring an HIV-prevention intervention for cocaine injectors and crack users in Porto Alegre, Brazil
    C G Leukefeld
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506, USA
    AIDS Care 17:S77-87. 2005
    ..Given the reported high risk sexual and drug use behaviours among these men, HIV interventions must be evaluated and expanded to include this population as well as their sexual partners...
  3. ncbi request reprint Structured stories: reinforcing social skills in rural substance abuse treatment
    Carl G Leukefeld
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506 0350, USA
    Health Soc Work 27:213-7. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint A descriptive profile of health problems, health services utilization, and HIV serostatus among incarcerated male drug abusers
    Carl G Leukefeld
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, 643 Maxwelton Court, Lexington, KY 40506 0350, USA
    J Behav Health Serv Res 29:167-75. 2002
    ..HIV status was most clearly associated with sexual risk behaviors. These preliminary findings suggest that prisons represent an important site for targeted behavioral health interventions focused on HIV risk reduction...
  5. ncbi request reprint Substance abuse among rural and very rural drug users at treatment entry
    Marlies L Schoeneberger
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 32:87-110. 2006
    ..Implications are discussed and recommendations are presented for substance abuse treatment providers and policymakers...
  6. ncbi request reprint Factors predicting unmet health services needs among incarcerated substance users
    Egle Narevic
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 0086, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 41:1077-94. 2006
    ..Further research directions and implications for in-prison health care planning are discussed...
  7. ncbi request reprint Age differences in HIV risk behaviors and drug treatment utilization among drug users in Kentucky
    M L Schoeneberger
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40517, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 36:867-925. 2001
    ..When barriers to drug user treatment were examined, significantly more women than men did not qualify for treatment, and they did not have enough money for treatment. Implications for interventions are discussed...
  8. ncbi request reprint Increasing prevalence of prescription opiate misuse over time among rural probationers
    Jennifer R Havens
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, USA
    J Opioid Manag 3:107-11. 2007
    ..These data suggest changes in drug use patterns among community-based rural probationers from street to prescription drugs. Implications of the findings are discussed...
  9. ncbi request reprint Predictors of current depressive symptoms in a sample of drug court participants
    Michelle Joosen
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 40:1113-25. 2005
    ..If confirmed by future, prospective research, the five variables found by the multiple regression analysis may be useful in identifying and more adequately treating substance abusers with symptoms of depression...
  10. ncbi request reprint Correlates of subjective stress among drug court clients
    Thomas F Garrity
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 0086, USA
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 50:269-79. 2006
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Rural attitudes, opinions, and drug use
    T K Logan
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 34:545-65. 1999
    ..Future research could include the examination of heterogeneity of rural areas using different indices...
  12. ncbi request reprint The association of testosterone with nicotine use in young adult females
    C A Martin
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington 40509 1810, USA
    Addict Behav 26:279-83. 2001
    ..01), CO levels (P< or =.05), cigarette use reported in the 7th and 10th grades (P< or =.05), and negatively correlated with age of pubertal onset (P< or =.001). The relationship of testosterone to nicotine will be discussed...
  13. pmc Racial differences in HIV/AIDS discussion strategies and sexual risk behaviors among drug-abusing female criminal offenders
    Carrie B Oser
    Department of Sociology, Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 40:483-92. 2008
    ..Findings add to the literature on racial differences in HIV/AIDS discussion strategies and sexual risk behaviors among drug-abusing female criminal offenders...
  14. ncbi request reprint Mental health as a mediator of gender differences in employment barriers among drug abusers
    J Matthew Webster
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 0086, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 33:259-65. 2007
    ..Women were found to have more mental health problems and employment barriers, and support for the mediation hypothesis was found. Implications for drug treatment providers are discussed...
  15. ncbi request reprint Differences in prevalence of prescription opiate misuse among rural and urban probationers
    Jennifer R Havens
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky 40502, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 33:309-17. 2007
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Measuring employment among substance-using offenders
    J Matthew Webster
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 0086, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 42:1187-205. 2007
    ..The factor analysis produced four employment factors: status, earnings, duration, and stability. These factors had different correlation patterns with substance use and criminality. Study limitations are noted...
  17. ncbi request reprint Baseline subjective stress predicts 1-year outcomes among drug court clients
    Thomas F Garrity
    Department of Behavioral Science, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 0086, USA
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 52:346-57. 2008
    ..If these results are replicated in these and other drug courts, then a stress reduction treatment trial within the drug court context should be attempted and evaluated...
  18. ncbi request reprint Kentucky rural stimulant use: a comparison of methamphetamine and other stimulant users
    William W Stoops
    University of Kentucky Medical Center, Department of Behavioral Science, COMOB, Lexington, KY 40536 0086, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs . 2007
    ..These results suggest that differences exist between rural stimulant users and that clinicians may need to consider these differences when planning treatment and rehabilitation strategies...
  19. pmc Route of administration for illicit prescription opioids: a comparison of rural and urban drug users
    April M Young
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA
    Harm Reduct J 7:24. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe rural-urban differences in ROA for nonmedical prescription opioid use...
  20. pmc The drugs-violence nexus among rural felony probationers
    Carrie B Oser
    University of Kentucky, Sociology Department, Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, Lexington, Kentucky 40506, USA
    J Interpers Violence 24:1285-303. 2009
    ..Multivariate analyses support both the psychopharmacological model and the economic compulsive models of perpetration and victimization. Further implications of these findings are discussed...
  21. doi request reprint Drug use and criminal activity among rural probationers with DUI histories
    J Matthew Webster
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 0086, USA
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 53:717-30. 2009
    ..Findings add to the literature on rural substance abusers and indicate that DUI may be used as a marker to help identify opportunities for targeted substance abuse interventions...
  22. pmc Readiness to change as a predictor of drug-related behaviors in a sample of rural felony probationers
    Jamieson L Duvall
    Department of Behavioral Science and Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 34:741-8. 2008
    ..Relationships between readiness to change and common drug-related behaviors were explored in a sample (N = 776) of rural probationers in the state of Kentucky...
  23. pmc Prescription opiate misuse among rural stimulant users in a multistate community-based study
    Jennifer R Havens
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 35:18-23. 2009
    ..The purpose of the current analysis was to examine the factors associated with prescription opiate misuse among stimulant users from rural counties in Arkansas, Kentucky, and Ohio (N = 714)...
  24. ncbi request reprint Physical health, illicit drug use, and demographic characteristics in rural stimulant users
    Thomas F Garrity
    Department of Behavioral Science, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 0086, USA
    J Rural Health 23:99-107. 2007
    ..There is growing concern about illicit rural stimulant use, especially regarding methamphetamine use and its health consequences...
  25. pmc HIV testing in correctional agencies and community treatment programs: the impact of internal organizational structure
    Carrie B Oser
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, Department of Sociology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 32:301-10. 2007
    ..Specifically, all dimensions, with the exception of Formalization, were related to the provision of HIV testing in correctional agencies. Implications for correctional agencies and community treatment to adopt HIV testing are discussed...
  26. ncbi request reprint Alcohol and drug use among rural and urban incarcerated substance abusers
    Carl G Leukefeld
    University of Kentucky, Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, 643 Maxwelton Ct, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 0350, USA
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 46:715-28. 2002
    ..Findings from this study suggest that rural and urban drug users are similar and that rural areas may be protective from some drug use but risky for other drug use...
  27. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of opioid analgesic injection among rural nonmedical opioid analgesic users
    Jennifer R Havens
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, 915B South Limestone Street, Lexington, KY 40536 9824, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 87:98-102. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and correlates of opioid analgesic injection (OAI) in a cohort of rural opioid analgesic users...
  28. ncbi request reprint Trends in controlled-release oxycodone (OxyContin) prescribing among Medicaid recipients in Kentucky, 1998-2002
    Jennifer R Havens
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY 40536 9824, USA
    J Rural Health 22:276-8. 2006
    ..Purpose: To examine temporal and geographic trends in rates of controlled-release oxycodone (OxyContin) prescribing for Kentucky Medicaid recipients...
  29. ncbi request reprint Lack of HIV seropositivity among a group of rural probationers: explanatory factors
    Carrie B Oser
    Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    J Rural Health 22:273-5. 2006
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint A prospective examination of high-cost health services utilization among drug using prisoners reentering the community
    Carl G Leukefeld
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky, 643 Maxwelton Court, Lexington, KY 40506 0350, USA
    J Behav Health Serv Res 33:73-85. 2006
    ..Discussion focuses on health care service issues and health problems as prisoners' transition from prison to the community...
  31. ncbi request reprint History of head injury among substance users: preliminary findings
    R Walker
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, Lexington, Kentucky 40506, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 36:757-70. 2001
    ..This preliminary analysis reflects a need for additional research on brain injury among substance misusers...
  32. ncbi request reprint Incarcerated clients' perceptions of therapeutic change in substance abuse treatment: a 4-year case study
    Hope M Smiley-McDonald
    Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, 135 College of Medicine Office Building, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 0086, USA
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 49:574-89. 2005
    ..Data that were collected over 5 years are presented. Implications, including how the program's interim therapeutic milieu eased the transition to a therapeutic community, are discussed...
  33. ncbi request reprint Prescription opioid use in the rural Appalachia: a community-based study
    Jennifer R Havens
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA
    J Opioid Manag 4:63-71. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study is to describe the sample characteristics and methods for a study of rural medical and nonmedical prescription opioid users with a history of OxyContin use...
  34. ncbi request reprint Head injury among drug abusers: an indicator of co-occurring problems
    Robert Walker
    University of Kentucky Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, Bowman Hall, Room 333, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 35:343-53. 2003
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Male and female rural probationers: HIV risk behaviors and knowledge
    C B Oser
    Department of Behavioral Science, Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, 643 Maxwelton Court, Lexington, 40506, USA
    AIDS Care 18:339-44. 2006
    ..Results suggest that rural residents are not protected from engaging in HIV risk behaviors and future studies should examine gender discrepancies between perceived and actual HIV knowledge among offenders under community supervision...
  36. ncbi request reprint Introduction: employment and substance misuse
    J Matthew Webster
    Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 42:1029-33. 2007
    ..This collection of papers adds to understanding the role that employment may play in substance use and treatment outcomes...
  37. ncbi request reprint Urban and rural differences in the relationship between substance use and violence
    Sarah Goodrum
    Department of Anthropology and Sociology, Centre College, Danville, Kentucky 40422, USA
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 48:613-28. 2004
    ..Recognizing that the effect of substance use on violence perpetrated against others does not vary significantly by urban or rural residence may be helpful for designing violence prevention programs and planning law enforcement efforts...
  38. ncbi request reprint The role of African-American clergy in providing informal services to drug users in the rural South: preliminary ethnographic findings
    Rocky L Sexton
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addiction Research, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Ethn Subst Abuse 5:1-21. 2006
    ..They suggest that professional treatment providers should investigate the potential benefits of improving outreach efforts to assist African-American ministers engaged in drug abuse issues...
  39. ncbi request reprint Using thought mapping and structured stories to decrease HIV risk behaviors among cocaine injectors and crack smokers in the South of Brazil
    Flavio Pechansky
    Center for Drug and Alcohol Research, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Rev Bras Psiquiatr 29:233-40. 2007
    ..To compare changes in AIDS knowledge and risk behaviors among Brazilian cocaine users in an intervention trial...
  40. ncbi request reprint Client outcomes from rural substance abuse treatment
    Matthew L Hiller
    Temple University, Department of Criminal Justice, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 39:59-68. 2007
    ..Employment status also improved significantly, and health services utilization was reduced. The similarity between the current findings and findings from national outcome studies of urban-based treatment programs is discussed...
  41. ncbi request reprint HIV risk behaviors among rural stimulant users: variation by gender and race/ethnicity
    Patricia B Wright
    Division of Health Services Research, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 19:137-50. 2007
    ..9, CI = 1.47-10.09; p = .006). These findings indicate HIV prevention efforts should be tailored to address gender and racial/ethnic differences in risk behaviors among rural stimulant users...
  42. ncbi request reprint Methamphetamine use and adverse consequences in the rural southern United States: an ethnographic overview
    Rocky L Sexton
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, 143 Biological Sciences, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs . 2006
    ..The findings indicate that informed drug treatment outreach and reduction of potential adverse consequences among methamphetamine users in rural areas are important issues for public health and for interventions...
  43. pmc A multistate trial of pharmacy syringe purchase
    Wilson M Compton
    National Institute on Drug Abuse, 6001 Executive Boulevard, MSC 9589, Bethesda, MD 20892 9589, USA
    J Urban Health 81:661-70. 2004
    ..Despite potential advantages of pharmacies as sites for access to sterile syringes, pharmacy purchase of syringes faces significant obstacles in terms of the practices in different jurisdictions...