Burton J Kushner

Summary

Affiliation: University of Wisconsin
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Torsion and pattern strabismus: potential conflicts in treatment
    Burton J Kushner
    Section of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 2870 University Ave, Ste 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    JAMA Ophthalmol 131:190-3. 2013
  2. ncbi request reprint Diplopia associated with refractive surgery
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Am Orthopt J 62:34-7. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Observations about objective and subjective ocular torsion
    Burton J Kushner
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus, John W and Helen Doolittle Professor, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Ophthalmology 116:2001-10. 2009
  4. doi request reprint Vertical rectus surgery for Knapp class II superior oblique muscle paresis
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 2870 University Ave, Ste 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:585-8. 2010
  5. doi request reprint Effect of ocular torsion on A and V patterns and apparent oblique muscle overaction
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:712-8. 2010
  6. doi request reprint The occurrence of monofixational exotropia after exotropia surgery
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 147:1082-5, 1085.e1. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint Superior oblique tendon incarceration syndrome
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 2870 University Ave, Suite 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:1070-6. 2007
  8. doi request reprint Incomitant strabismus: does extraocular muscle form denote function?
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:1604-9. 2010
  9. doi request reprint Incomitant strabismus: does extraocular muscle form denote function?
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Am Orthopt J 61:88-102. 2011
  10. doi request reprint Insertion slanting strabismus surgical procedures
    Burton J Kushner
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 2870 University Ave, Ste 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 129:1620-5. 2011

Detail Information

Publications42

  1. doi request reprint Torsion and pattern strabismus: potential conflicts in treatment
    Burton J Kushner
    Section of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 2870 University Ave, Ste 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    JAMA Ophthalmol 131:190-3. 2013
    ..Rectus muscle transposition to treat pattern strabismus or torsion may have an adverse outcome if the surgeon is unaware that it will affect both pattern strabismus and torsion in contradictory ways...
  2. ncbi request reprint Diplopia associated with refractive surgery
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Am Orthopt J 62:34-7. 2012
    ..If monovision is not present, check old refraction and motility records, and correct any residual refractive error. Strabismus may need to be treated with surgery, orthoptic exercises, or prisms...
  3. doi request reprint Observations about objective and subjective ocular torsion
    Burton J Kushner
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus, John W and Helen Doolittle Professor, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Ophthalmology 116:2001-10. 2009
    ..To investigate the relationship between objective and subjective torsion in patients with cyclovertical strabismus and determine whether objective torsion differs according to which eye is fixing...
  4. doi request reprint Vertical rectus surgery for Knapp class II superior oblique muscle paresis
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 2870 University Ave, Ste 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:585-8. 2010
    ....
  5. doi request reprint Effect of ocular torsion on A and V patterns and apparent oblique muscle overaction
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:712-8. 2010
    ..To determine if ocular torsion is a major cause of A and V patterns and oblique muscle overaction or merely a contributing factor...
  6. doi request reprint The occurrence of monofixational exotropia after exotropia surgery
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 147:1082-5, 1085.e1. 2009
    ..To study patients with monofixation and presumed intermittent exotropia with monofixation with the specific intent of determining if they should be categorized as separate diagnostic entity than intermittent exotropes with bifoveal fusion...
  7. ncbi request reprint Superior oblique tendon incarceration syndrome
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 2870 University Ave, Suite 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:1070-6. 2007
    ..To describe the clinical features, etiology, and management of superior oblique tendon incarceration syndrome...
  8. doi request reprint Incomitant strabismus: does extraocular muscle form denote function?
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:1604-9. 2010
    ..This remodeling may result from vergence adaptation or from any change in neural stimulus to the muscle. There is substantial evidence to suggest that both of these theoretical possibilities may likely occur...
  9. doi request reprint Incomitant strabismus: does extraocular muscle form denote function?
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Am Orthopt J 61:88-102. 2011
    ..This remodeling may occur as a result of vergence adaptation or any change in neural stimulus to the muscle. There is substantial evidence to suggest that both these theoretical possibilities may likely occur...
  10. doi request reprint Insertion slanting strabismus surgical procedures
    Burton J Kushner
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 2870 University Ave, Ste 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 129:1620-5. 2011
    ..Most likely it is the recession or resection itself that affects the outcome...
  11. doi request reprint The efficacy of strabismus surgery in adults: a review for primary care physicians
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Postgrad Med J 87:269-73. 2011
    ..If an adult with strabismus is under the impression, or was told, they cannot be treated, or that treatment is risky, they should consider a referral to an ophthalmologist specifically specialising in strabismus...
  12. ncbi request reprint Grand rounds #67. A case of a right sixth nerve paralysis and a left third nerve paralysis
    Burton J Kushner
    University Sattion Clinics, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 17:216-22. 2002
  13. ncbi request reprint Grand rounds #66: a case of a residual left hypertropia after surgery for a paralysis of the inferior division of the 3rd nerve
    Burton J Kushner
    University Station Clinics, 2870 University Avenue 206, PO Box 5902, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 17:104-12. 2002
  14. doi request reprint Results of extraocular muscle surgery for superior oblique myokymia
    Swati Agarwal
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    J AAPOS 13:472-6. 2009
    ..To report results of extraocular muscle surgery for superior oblique myokymia when medical treatment fails...
  15. ncbi request reprint Ocular complications after organ and bone marrow transplantation in children
    Yasmin S Bradfield
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 2870 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    J AAPOS 9:426-32. 2005
    ..Organ and bone marrow transplantation commonly are performed in children. Ocular complications usually are described as secondary to post-transplantation medications. The complication rate is unknown...
  16. pmc Surgical management of clinically significant hypertropia associated with exotropia
    Michael C Struck
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    J AAPOS 14:216-20. 2010
    ..To report the surgical treatment of hypertropia coexisting with exotropia, with either vertical offset surgery or additional vertical muscle surgery simultaneous to correction of the exotropia...
  17. doi request reprint Outcomes of Harada-Ito surgery for acquired torsional diplopia
    Yasmin S Bradfield
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    J AAPOS 16:453-7. 2012
    ..To evaluate the outcomes of Harada-Ito surgery in correcting various types of torsional diplopia...
  18. ncbi request reprint An evaluation of the semiadjustable suture strabismus surgical procedure
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53705, USA
    J AAPOS 8:481-7. 2004
    ..This procedure involves suturing the corners of the muscle firmly to the sclera and placing the center of the muscle on an adjustable suture. This study evaluates semiadjustable suture surgery with respect to muscle slippage...
  19. ncbi request reprint Intractable diplopia after strabismus surgery in adults
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 2870 University Ave, Suite 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 120:1498-504. 2002
    ..To investigate the incidence of persistent intractable diplopia in adults undergoing surgery for long-standing, constant strabismus and to define tests that may be useful for identifying patients at risk for developing this complication...
  20. ncbi request reprint Superior oblique tendon damage resulting from eyelid surgery
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, WI 53703, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 144:943-948. 2007
    ..To describe the occurrence of superior oblique (SO) tendon damage resulting from upper eyelid surgery and to explain its cause and treatment...
  21. ncbi request reprint An investigation into the mechanisms causing antipodean strabismus
    Stephen W Merriam
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, UW Hospital and Clinics, Madison, Wisconsin 53703, USA
    J AAPOS 11:249-53. 2007
    ..It has been described in the settings of marked uncorrected anisometropia, dissociated strabismus or combinations of paresis, and mechanical restriction of eye movement...
  22. ncbi request reprint Perspective on strabismus, 2006
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 2870 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:1321-6. 2006
    ..2) By what mechanism does strabismus surgery work? (3) What is the role of orbital imaging in the management of strabismus? (4) What is the role of refractive surgery in the treatment of patients with amblyopia and strabismus?..
  23. ncbi request reprint Successful treatment of anisometropic amblyopia with spectacles alone
    Anna L Steele
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    J AAPOS 10:37-43. 2006
    ..The efficacy of treating anisometropic amblyopia with occlusion therapy is well known. However, this form of treatment can be associated with risks. Spectacle correction alone may be a successful and underutilized form of treatment...
  24. ncbi request reprint The inferior oblique muscle adherence syndrome
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 2870 University Ave, Ste 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:1510-4. 2007
    ..To describe the clinical features, etiology, prevention, and treatment of the inferior oblique muscle (IO) adherence syndrome...
  25. ncbi request reprint Ocular torsion: rotations around the "WHY" axis
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    J AAPOS 8:1-12. 2004
    ..This teaching is inconsistent with a number of clinical observations...
  26. doi request reprint The influence of head tilt on ocular torsion in patients with superior oblique muscle palsy
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    J AAPOS 13:132-5. 2009
    ..Patients with superior oblique muscle palsy often assume a compensatory head tilt to the contralateral side of the affected eye. This tilt serves to decrease the hypertropia and, in theory, might decrease the excyclotropia...
  27. ncbi request reprint Diplopia after refractive surgery: occurrence and prevention
    Burton J Kushner
    Departmet of Ophthalmmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wilconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 121:315-21. 2003
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Multiple mechanisms of extraocular muscle "overaction"
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 2870 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:680-8. 2006
    ..To assign more specific pathophysiologic processes to the protean patterns of extraocular muscle "overaction" that we see in clinical practice...
  29. ncbi request reprint Extraocular muscle contracture and overaction syndrome occurring after periocular anesthesia
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 2870 University Avenue, Suite 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    J AAPOS 8:182-3. 2004
  30. ncbi request reprint Unilateral eyelid swelling and ptosis caused by dural arteriovenous fistula in an infant
    Gregory J Griepentrog
    Waisman Center, 1500 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:1359-61. 2006
  31. ncbi request reprint Atropine vs patching for treatment of amblyopia in children
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison 53705, USA
    JAMA 287:2145-6. 2002
  32. ncbi request reprint Grand rounds #68: a case of consecutive exotropia after recession of all four horizontal rectus muscles for the treatment of nystagmus
    Burton J Kushner
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 17:304-11. 2002
  33. ncbi request reprint How do recessions and resections of extraocular muscles work?
    Burton J Kushner
    J AAPOS 10:291-2. 2006
  34. ncbi request reprint The treatment of convergence insufficiency
    Burton J Kushner
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:100-1. 2005
  35. ncbi request reprint Grand rounds #65: a case of a left hypertropia which decreases markedly in both upgaze and downgaze
    Burton J Kushner
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 17:36-42. 2002
  36. ncbi request reprint Compensatory ocular torsion
    Burton J Kushner
    Arch Ophthalmol 121:1806; author reply 1806-7. 2003
  37. ncbi request reprint Patching regimens for amblyopia
    Burton J Kushner
    Ophthalmology 112:736-7; author reply 737. 2005
  38. ncbi request reprint A multi-disciplinary study of the ocular, orthopedic, and neurologic causes of abnormal head postures in children
    Paolo Nucci
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Unit San Paolo Hospital University of Milan, Italy
    Am J Ophthalmol 140:65-8. 2005
    ..To determine the relative frequency that abnormal head postures in children are caused by orthopedic, ophthalmologic, or neurologic disorders, respectively...
  39. doi request reprint Accommodative ability in exotropia: predictive value of surgical success
    Burton J Kushner
    J AAPOS 12:216-7; author reply 217-8. 2008
  40. ncbi request reprint Concern about the Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group 2-year follow-up study
    Burton J Kushner
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:1615-6. 2005
  41. ncbi request reprint PRK and amblyopia
    Burton J Kushner
    Ophthalmology 113:1063-4; author reply 1064-5. 2006
  42. ncbi request reprint Surgical outcome after prism adaptation for esotropia with a distance-near disparity
    Burton J Kushner
    J AAPOS 6:59-60. 2002