B J Kushner

Summary

Affiliation: University of Wisconsin
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Grand rounds #66: a case of a residual left hypertropia after surgery for a paralysis of the inferior division of the 3rd nerve
    Burton J Kushner
    University Station Clinics, 2870 University Avenue 206, PO Box 5902, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 17:104-12. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Perspective on strabismus, 2006
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 2870 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:1321-6. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint The inferior oblique muscle adherence syndrome
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 2870 University Ave, Ste 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:1510-4. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint The distance angle to target in surgery for intermittent exotropia
    B J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 116:189-94. 1998
  5. ncbi request reprint Superior oblique tendon damage resulting from eyelid surgery
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, WI 53703, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 144:943-948. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint An evaluation of the semiadjustable suture strabismus surgical procedure
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53705, USA
    J AAPOS 8:481-7. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Diplopia after refractive surgery: occurrence and prevention
    Burton J Kushner
    Departmet of Ophthalmmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wilconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 121:315-21. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Multiple mechanisms of extraocular muscle "overaction"
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 2870 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:680-8. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Intractable diplopia after strabismus surgery in adults
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 2870 University Ave, Suite 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 120:1498-504. 2002
  10. ncbi request reprint Fifteen-year outcome of surgery for the near angle in patients with accommodative esotropia and a high accommodative convergence to accommodation ratio
    B J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 119:1150-3. 2001

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications50

  1. ncbi request reprint Grand rounds #66: a case of a residual left hypertropia after surgery for a paralysis of the inferior division of the 3rd nerve
    Burton J Kushner
    University Station Clinics, 2870 University Avenue 206, PO Box 5902, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 17:104-12. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Perspective on strabismus, 2006
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 2870 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:1321-6. 2006
    ..2) By what mechanism does strabismus surgery work? (3) What is the role of orbital imaging in the management of strabismus? (4) What is the role of refractive surgery in the treatment of patients with amblyopia and strabismus?..
  3. ncbi request reprint The inferior oblique muscle adherence syndrome
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 2870 University Ave, Ste 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:1510-4. 2007
    ..To describe the clinical features, etiology, prevention, and treatment of the inferior oblique muscle (IO) adherence syndrome...
  4. ncbi request reprint The distance angle to target in surgery for intermittent exotropia
    B J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 116:189-94. 1998
    ..The hypothesis that surgery should be performed for this larger deviation has been suggested but not tested...
  5. ncbi request reprint Superior oblique tendon damage resulting from eyelid surgery
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, WI 53703, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 144:943-948. 2007
    ..To describe the occurrence of superior oblique (SO) tendon damage resulting from upper eyelid surgery and to explain its cause and treatment...
  6. ncbi request reprint An evaluation of the semiadjustable suture strabismus surgical procedure
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53705, USA
    J AAPOS 8:481-7. 2004
    ..This procedure involves suturing the corners of the muscle firmly to the sclera and placing the center of the muscle on an adjustable suture. This study evaluates semiadjustable suture surgery with respect to muscle slippage...
  7. ncbi request reprint Diplopia after refractive surgery: occurrence and prevention
    Burton J Kushner
    Departmet of Ophthalmmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wilconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 121:315-21. 2003
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Multiple mechanisms of extraocular muscle "overaction"
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 2870 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:680-8. 2006
    ..To assign more specific pathophysiologic processes to the protean patterns of extraocular muscle "overaction" that we see in clinical practice...
  9. ncbi request reprint Intractable diplopia after strabismus surgery in adults
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 2870 University Ave, Suite 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 120:1498-504. 2002
    ..To investigate the incidence of persistent intractable diplopia in adults undergoing surgery for long-standing, constant strabismus and to define tests that may be useful for identifying patients at risk for developing this complication...
  10. ncbi request reprint Fifteen-year outcome of surgery for the near angle in patients with accommodative esotropia and a high accommodative convergence to accommodation ratio
    B J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 119:1150-3. 2001
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Torsion as a contributing cause of the anti-elevation syndrome
    B J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    J AAPOS 5:172-7. 2001
    ..This causes apparent overaction of the contralateral inferior oblique muscle due to fixation duress. It has been suggested that excessive residual extorsion may help explain this phenomenon...
  12. ncbi request reprint The effect of anterior transposition of the inferior oblique muscle on the palpebral fissure
    B J Kushner
    Department of Opthalmology and Visual Science, University of Wisconsin, Mdison, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 118:1542-6. 2000
    ..Anterior transposition of the inferior oblique muscle is a popular treatment for dissociated vertical divergence. It seems that this surgical procedure may alter the palpebral fissure...
  13. ncbi request reprint Selective surgery for intermittent exotropia based on distance/near differences
    B J Kushner
    Pediatric Eye and Adult Strabismus Clinic, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 116:324-8. 1998
    ..This teaching, to our knowledge, has not been systematically tested...
  14. ncbi request reprint Distance/near differences in intermittent exotropia
    B J Kushner
    Pediatric Eye and Adult Strabismus Clinic, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 116:478-86. 1998
    ..Previously, one of us (B.J.K.) proposed a classification system that respected this artifact and subdivided the classification system proposed by Burian...
  15. ncbi request reprint Diagnosis and treatment of exotropia with a high accommodation convergence-accommodation ratio
    B J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 117:221-4. 1999
    ..When determined in that manner, the presence of a high AC/A ratio before surgery in an exotropic patient has been reported to be predictive of an esotropia at near after surgery...
  16. ncbi request reprint Surgical treatment of paralysis of the inferior division of the oculomotor nerve
    B J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 117:485-9. 1999
    ..Paralysis of the inferior division of the oculomotor nerve is relatively rare. Little has been written about its surgical treatment...
  17. ncbi request reprint Does overcorrecting minus lens therapy for intermittent exotropia cause myopia?
    B J Kushner
    Pediatric Eye and Adult Strabismus Clinic, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 117:638-42. 1999
    ..Because excessive accommodation has been implicated as a cause of myopia, there is theoretical concern that overcorrecting minus lens therapy for exotropia may cause myopia...
  18. ncbi request reprint Recently acquired diplopia in adults with long-standing strabismus
    B J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 2870 University Ave, Suite 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 119:1795-801. 2001
    ..The evaluation and management of recent-onset diplopia in an adult with a history of long-standing strabismus can be perplexing and challenging. No guidelines exist, to my knowledge, for the examination of such patients...
  19. ncbi request reprint The usefulness of the cervical range of motion device in the ocular motility examination
    B J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 118:946-50. 2000
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Anterior segment ischemia after surgery on 2 vertical rectus muscles augmented with lateral fixation sutures
    T J Murdock
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    J AAPOS 5:323-4. 2001
    ..This report reviews the case of a healthy 50-year-old patient who developed anterior segment ischemia after surgery on 2 rectus muscles...
  21. doi request reprint Results of extraocular muscle surgery for superior oblique myokymia
    Swati Agarwal
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    J AAPOS 13:472-6. 2009
    ..To report results of extraocular muscle surgery for superior oblique myokymia when medical treatment fails...
  22. doi request reprint Vertical rectus surgery for Knapp class II superior oblique muscle paresis
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 2870 University Ave, Ste 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:585-8. 2010
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Superior oblique tendon incarceration syndrome
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 2870 University Ave, Suite 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:1070-6. 2007
    ..To describe the clinical features, etiology, and management of superior oblique tendon incarceration syndrome...
  24. doi request reprint The efficacy of strabismus surgery in adults: a review for primary care physicians
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Postgrad Med J 87:269-73. 2011
    ..If an adult with strabismus is under the impression, or was told, they cannot be treated, or that treatment is risky, they should consider a referral to an ophthalmologist specifically specialising in strabismus...
  25. doi request reprint Incomitant strabismus: does extraocular muscle form denote function?
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:1604-9. 2010
    ..This remodeling may result from vergence adaptation or from any change in neural stimulus to the muscle. There is substantial evidence to suggest that both of these theoretical possibilities may likely occur...
  26. doi request reprint The occurrence of monofixational exotropia after exotropia surgery
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 147:1082-5, 1085.e1. 2009
    ..To study patients with monofixation and presumed intermittent exotropia with monofixation with the specific intent of determining if they should be categorized as separate diagnostic entity than intermittent exotropes with bifoveal fusion...
  27. doi request reprint Effect of ocular torsion on A and V patterns and apparent oblique muscle overaction
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:712-8. 2010
    ..To determine if ocular torsion is a major cause of A and V patterns and oblique muscle overaction or merely a contributing factor...
  28. pmc Surgical management of clinically significant hypertropia associated with exotropia
    Michael C Struck
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    J AAPOS 14:216-20. 2010
    ..To report the surgical treatment of hypertropia coexisting with exotropia, with either vertical offset surgery or additional vertical muscle surgery simultaneous to correction of the exotropia...
  29. ncbi request reprint Ocular complications after organ and bone marrow transplantation in children
    Yasmin S Bradfield
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 2870 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    J AAPOS 9:426-32. 2005
    ..Organ and bone marrow transplantation commonly are performed in children. Ocular complications usually are described as secondary to post-transplantation medications. The complication rate is unknown...
  30. doi request reprint Observations about objective and subjective ocular torsion
    Burton J Kushner
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus, John W and Helen Doolittle Professor, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Ophthalmology 116:2001-10. 2009
    ..To investigate the relationship between objective and subjective torsion in patients with cyclovertical strabismus and determine whether objective torsion differs according to which eye is fixing...
  31. ncbi request reprint Diplopia secondary to aniseikonia associated with macular disease
    N M Benegas
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 117:896-9. 1999
    ..To provide an explanation for diplopia and the inability to fuse in some patients with macular disease...
  32. ncbi request reprint Grand rounds #67. A case of a right sixth nerve paralysis and a left third nerve paralysis
    Burton J Kushner
    University Sattion Clinics, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 17:216-22. 2002
  33. ncbi request reprint Ocular torsion: rotations around the "WHY" axis
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    J AAPOS 8:1-12. 2004
    ..This teaching is inconsistent with a number of clinical observations...
  34. doi request reprint The influence of head tilt on ocular torsion in patients with superior oblique muscle palsy
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    J AAPOS 13:132-5. 2009
    ..Patients with superior oblique muscle palsy often assume a compensatory head tilt to the contralateral side of the affected eye. This tilt serves to decrease the hypertropia and, in theory, might decrease the excyclotropia...
  35. ncbi request reprint Extraocular muscle contracture and overaction syndrome occurring after periocular anesthesia
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 2870 University Avenue, Suite 206, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    J AAPOS 8:182-3. 2004
  36. ncbi request reprint An investigation into the mechanisms causing antipodean strabismus
    Stephen W Merriam
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, UW Hospital and Clinics, Madison, Wisconsin 53703, USA
    J AAPOS 11:249-53. 2007
    ..It has been described in the settings of marked uncorrected anisometropia, dissociated strabismus or combinations of paresis, and mechanical restriction of eye movement...
  37. ncbi request reprint Successful treatment of anisometropic amblyopia with spectacles alone
    Anna L Steele
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    J AAPOS 10:37-43. 2006
    ..The efficacy of treating anisometropic amblyopia with occlusion therapy is well known. However, this form of treatment can be associated with risks. Spectacle correction alone may be a successful and underutilized form of treatment...
  38. ncbi request reprint Unilateral eyelid swelling and ptosis caused by dural arteriovenous fistula in an infant
    Gregory J Griepentrog
    Waisman Center, 1500 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:1359-61. 2006
  39. ncbi request reprint Atropine vs patching for treatment of amblyopia in children
    Burton J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison 53705, USA
    JAMA 287:2145-6. 2002
  40. ncbi request reprint Grand rounds #65: a case of a left hypertropia which decreases markedly in both upgaze and downgaze
    Burton J Kushner
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 17:36-42. 2002
  41. ncbi request reprint The treatment of convergence insufficiency
    Burton J Kushner
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:100-1. 2005
  42. ncbi request reprint Grand rounds #68: a case of consecutive exotropia after recession of all four horizontal rectus muscles for the treatment of nystagmus
    Burton J Kushner
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 17:304-11. 2002
  43. ncbi request reprint How do recessions and resections of extraocular muscles work?
    Burton J Kushner
    J AAPOS 10:291-2. 2006
  44. ncbi request reprint PRK and amblyopia
    Burton J Kushner
    Ophthalmology 113:1063-4; author reply 1064-5. 2006
  45. doi request reprint Accommodative ability in exotropia: predictive value of surgical success
    Burton J Kushner
    J AAPOS 12:216-7; author reply 217-8. 2008
  46. ncbi request reprint Compensatory ocular torsion
    Burton J Kushner
    Arch Ophthalmol 121:1806; author reply 1806-7. 2003
  47. ncbi request reprint A multi-disciplinary study of the ocular, orthopedic, and neurologic causes of abnormal head postures in children
    Paolo Nucci
    Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Unit San Paolo Hospital University of Milan, Italy
    Am J Ophthalmol 140:65-8. 2005
    ..To determine the relative frequency that abnormal head postures in children are caused by orthopedic, ophthalmologic, or neurologic disorders, respectively...
  48. ncbi request reprint Surgical outcome after prism adaptation for esotropia with a distance-near disparity
    Burton J Kushner
    J AAPOS 6:59-60. 2002
  49. ncbi request reprint Patching regimens for amblyopia
    Burton J Kushner
    Ophthalmology 112:736-7; author reply 737. 2005
  50. ncbi request reprint Concern about the Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group 2-year follow-up study
    Burton J Kushner
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:1615-6. 2005