Affiliation: University of Illinois
- Unskilled and unaware of it: how difficulties in recognizing one's own incompetence lead to inflated self-assessmentsJ Kruger
Department of Psychology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 7601, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 77:1121-34. 1999..Paradoxically, improving the skills of participants, and thus increasing their metacognitive competence, helped them recognize the limitations of their abilities...
- Lake Wobegon be gone! The "below-average effect" and the egocentric nature of comparative ability judgmentsJ Kruger
Department of Psychology, Cornell University, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 77:221-32. 1999..These results suggest that the tendency to see oneself as above average may not be as ubiquitous as once thought...
- Unskilled and unaware--but why? A reply to Krueger and Mueller (2002)Justin Kruger
Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Champaign 61820, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 82:189-92. 2002..Additionally, a regression-BTA account cannot explain the experimental data reported in J. Kruger and D. Dunning or a reanalysis following the procedure suggested by J. Krueger and R. A. Mueller...
- Counterfactual thinking and the first instinct fallacyJustin Kruger
Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 88:725-35. 2005..This differential availability provides individuals with compelling (albeit illusory) personal evidence for the wisdom of always following their 1st instinct, with suboptimal test scores the result...
- Actions, intentions, and self-assessment: the road to self-enhancement is paved with good intentionsJustin Kruger
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 30:328-39. 2004..Discussion focuses on the motivational and information-processing roots of this actor-observer difference in the weight assigned to intentions as well as the implications of this tendency for everyday judgment and decision making...
- What to do on spring break? The role of predicted, on-line, and remembered experience in future choiceDerrick Wirtz
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
Psychol Sci 14:520-4. 2003..These results suggest that although on-line measures may be superior to retrospective measures for approximating objective experience, retrospective measures may be superior for predicting choice...
- The propensity effect: when foresight trumps hindsightNeal J Roese
University of Illinois, IL 61820, USA
Psychol Sci 17:305-10. 2006..Therefore, in addition to providing theoretical insights of relevance to cognitive, perceptual, and social psychologists, these results have important legal implications...
- The influence of egocentrism and focalism on people's optimism in competitions: when what affects us equally affects me morePaul D Windschitl
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 85:389-408. 2003..We identify egocentrism and focalism as two causes of the bias. The experiments revealed moderators of this bias, but also illustrated its robust nature across a variety of conditions...
- Egocentrism over e-mail: can we communicate as well as we think?Justin Kruger
New York University, Leonard N Stern School of Business, NY 10012, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 89:925-36. 2005..Because e-mail communicators "hear" a statement differently depending on whether they intend to be, say, sarcastic or funny, it can be difficult to appreciate that their electronic audience may not...
- Intentions in teasing: when "just kidding" just isn't good enoughJustin Kruger
Department of Marketing, Stern School of Business, New York University, New York, NY 10012, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 90:412-25. 2006..As a result, teasers and targets systematically differ in their perceptions of teasing: Although it is often seen as innocent and playful by the teaser, it tends to be construed as considerably more malicious by the target...