Mark W Kroll

Summary

Affiliation: University of Minnesota
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Defibrillation success rates for electrically-induced fibrillation: hair of the dog
    Mark W Kroll
    Biomedical Engineering Dept at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2012:689-93. 2012
  2. doi request reprint Essentials of low-power electrocution: established and speculated mechanisms
    Mark W Kroll
    Biomedical Engineering Dept, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2012:5734-40. 2012
  3. doi request reprint The stability of electrically induced ventricular fibrillation
    Mark W Kroll
    Biomedical Engineering Dept, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2012:6377-81. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Ventricular fibrillation risk estimation for conducted electrical weapons: critical convolutions
    Mark W Kroll
    Biomedical Engineering Dept, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2011:271-7. 2011
  5. doi request reprint A novel mechanism for electrical currents inducing ventricular fibrillation: The three-fold way to fibrillation
    Mark W Kroll
    Biomedical Engineering at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2010:1990-6. 2010
  6. doi request reprint Cardiac effects of varying pulse charge and polarity of TASER conducted electrical weapons
    Mark W Kroll
    Univ of Minnesota, MN, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2009:3195-8. 2009
  7. doi request reprint Physiology and pathology of TASER electronic control devices
    Mark W Kroll
    University of Minnesota, Biomedical Engineering Department, Box 23, Crystal Bay, MN 55323, USA
    J Forensic Leg Med 16:173-7. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Achieving low defibrillation thresholds at implant: pharmacological influences, RV coil polarity and position, SVC coil usage and positioning, pulse width settings, and the azygous vein
    Mark W Kroll
    Biomedical Engineering Department, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55323, USA
    Fundam Clin Pharmacol 24:561-73. 2010

Detail Information

Publications8

  1. doi request reprint Defibrillation success rates for electrically-induced fibrillation: hair of the dog
    Mark W Kroll
    Biomedical Engineering Dept at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2012:689-93. 2012
    ..5 minutes. However, with pre-shock chest compressions, the modeled data suggest a 90% success rate at 10 minutes and a 50% rate at 14 minutes.1...
  2. doi request reprint Essentials of low-power electrocution: established and speculated mechanisms
    Mark W Kroll
    Biomedical Engineering Dept, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2012:5734-40. 2012
    ..Other misunderstandings are also discussed...
  3. doi request reprint The stability of electrically induced ventricular fibrillation
    Mark W Kroll
    Biomedical Engineering Dept, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2012:6377-81. 2012
    ..At 24 minutes VF was still maintained in all of the animals. We conclude that electrically induced VF is long-lived--even in the absence of chest compressions...
  4. doi request reprint Ventricular fibrillation risk estimation for conducted electrical weapons: critical convolutions
    Mark W Kroll
    Biomedical Engineering Dept, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2011:271-7. 2011
    ..The risk of VF is estimated at 0.4 per million uses with males...
  5. doi request reprint A novel mechanism for electrical currents inducing ventricular fibrillation: The three-fold way to fibrillation
    Mark W Kroll
    Biomedical Engineering at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2010:1990-6. 2010
    ..After a median time of 90 s, VF was induced. This 3(rd) mechanism of VF induction should be studied further and considered for electrical safety standards and is relevant to long-duration TASER Electronic Control Device applications...
  6. doi request reprint Cardiac effects of varying pulse charge and polarity of TASER conducted electrical weapons
    Mark W Kroll
    Univ of Minnesota, MN, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2009:3195-8. 2009
    ..We found no polarity effect in the risk of VF in small swine with larger charge ( approximately 5x) pulses...
  7. doi request reprint Physiology and pathology of TASER electronic control devices
    Mark W Kroll
    University of Minnesota, Biomedical Engineering Department, Box 23, Crystal Bay, MN 55323, USA
    J Forensic Leg Med 16:173-7. 2009
    ..4 million human uses) without any credible evidence of a resulting cardiac arrhythmia. In this article we describe the mechanisms by which the device operates, and review possible morbidities...
  8. doi request reprint Achieving low defibrillation thresholds at implant: pharmacological influences, RV coil polarity and position, SVC coil usage and positioning, pulse width settings, and the azygous vein
    Mark W Kroll
    Biomedical Engineering Department, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55323, USA
    Fundam Clin Pharmacol 24:561-73. 2010
    ..Anachronistic approaches such as the use of polarity reversal, apical RV coil tip forcing, and subcutaneous arrays are also discussed...