Clarence Kreiter

Summary

Affiliation: University of Iowa
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Investigating the use of sampling for maximising the efficiency of student-generated faculty teaching evaluations
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine and Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Med Educ 39:171-5. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint The overall impact of testing on medical student learning: quantitative estimation of consequential validity
    Clarence D Kreiter
    University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Japan
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 18:835-44. 2013
  3. pmc A measurement perspective on affirmative action in U.S. medical education
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine, The University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242 1000, USA
    Med Educ Online 18:1-9. 2013
  4. doi request reprint A proposal for evaluating the validity of holistic-based admission processes
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, University of Iowa Carver Collegeof Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Teach Learn Med 25:103-7. 2013
  5. ncbi request reprint Examining the influence of using same versus different questions on the reliability of the medical school preadmission interview
    Clarence D Kreiter
    University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 1000, USA
    Teach Learn Med 18:4-8. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Case specificity: empirical phenomenon or measurement artifact?
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 1000, USA
    Teach Learn Med 19:378-81. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint A commentary on the use of cut-scores to increase the emphasis of non-cognitive variables in medical school admissions
    Clarence D Kreiter
    University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 12:315-9. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint A validity generalization perspective on the ability of undergraduate GPA and the medical college admission test to predict important outcomes
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine, Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, University of Iowa College of Medicine, lowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Teach Learn Med 19:95-100. 2007
  9. doi request reprint A comment on the continuing impact of case specificity
    Clarence Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA 52242, USA
    Med Educ 42:548-9. 2008
  10. doi request reprint The validity of performance-based measures of clinical reasoning and alternative approaches
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52246, USA
    Med Educ 43:320-5. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications48

  1. ncbi request reprint Investigating the use of sampling for maximising the efficiency of student-generated faculty teaching evaluations
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine and Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Med Educ 39:171-5. 2005
    ..Sampling might decrease the number of evaluations required of students and might also reduce the proportion of non-responses and other forms of inattentive response biases...
  2. ncbi request reprint The overall impact of testing on medical student learning: quantitative estimation of consequential validity
    Clarence D Kreiter
    University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Japan
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 18:835-44. 2013
    ..While additional evidence is required, the current literature shows that testing within medical education makes a strong positive contribution to learning. ..
  3. pmc A measurement perspective on affirmative action in U.S. medical education
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine, The University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242 1000, USA
    Med Educ Online 18:1-9. 2013
    ..Unfortunately, the quantitative measurement research relevant to affirmative action is poorly documented in the scholarly journals that serve medical education...
  4. doi request reprint A proposal for evaluating the validity of holistic-based admission processes
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, University of Iowa Carver Collegeof Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Teach Learn Med 25:103-7. 2013
    ..CONCLUSIONS. Such research evidence is critical for establishing the validity of widely used holistic admission approaches...
  5. ncbi request reprint Examining the influence of using same versus different questions on the reliability of the medical school preadmission interview
    Clarence D Kreiter
    University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 1000, USA
    Teach Learn Med 18:4-8. 2006
    ..Researchers generally recommend a structured format for the medical school preadmission interview (MSPI). However, the relative benefits of various elements of structure remain unexamined...
  6. ncbi request reprint Case specificity: empirical phenomenon or measurement artifact?
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 1000, USA
    Teach Learn Med 19:378-81. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint A commentary on the use of cut-scores to increase the emphasis of non-cognitive variables in medical school admissions
    Clarence D Kreiter
    University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 12:315-9. 2007
    ..This commentary considers the impact of using a "threshold approach" on academic performance as assessed with the USMLE Step 1...
  8. ncbi request reprint A validity generalization perspective on the ability of undergraduate GPA and the medical college admission test to predict important outcomes
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine, Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, University of Iowa College of Medicine, lowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Teach Learn Med 19:95-100. 2007
    ..There is debate regarding the degree to which coefficients diminish over the course of educational and professional outcomes and disagreement over whether these two measures can predict clinical performance...
  9. doi request reprint A comment on the continuing impact of case specificity
    Clarence Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA 52242, USA
    Med Educ 42:548-9. 2008
  10. doi request reprint The validity of performance-based measures of clinical reasoning and alternative approaches
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52246, USA
    Med Educ 43:320-5. 2009
    ..However, the validity of this measurement method for assessing clinical reasoning is open to question...
  11. ncbi request reprint Investigating the reliability of the medical school admissions interview
    Clarence D Kreiter
    University of Iowa, College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 9:147-59. 2004
    ..This study seeks to establish the generalizability of interview scores, first assessing the existing research evidence, and then analyzing data from a non-experimental independent replications research design...
  12. ncbi request reprint A model for diversity in admissions: a review of issues and methods and an experimental approach
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine, Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, University of Iowa College of Medicine, 1204 Medical Education Building, Iowa City, IA 52242 2008, USA
    Teach Learn Med 15:116-22. 2003
    ..A review of the relevant research literature suggests current strategies are inadequate to address this important problem. Psychometric issues important in differentiating the unique concerns of medical education must be defined...
  13. ncbi request reprint The empirical validity of straight-line responses on a clinical evaluation form
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine and Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Acad Med 77:414-8. 2002
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint The use of constrained optimization to facilitate admission decisions
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Acad Med 77:148-51. 2002
    ..Constraints in the model were evaluated for their effects on the class. The model performed well and yielded significant advantages over weighting equations...
  15. ncbi request reprint A statistical technique for the development of an alternate list when using constrained optimization to make admission decisions
    Clarence Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine, Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, University of Iowa College of Medicine, 1 204 MEB, Iowa City, IA 52242 1008, USA
    Teach Learn Med 14:29-33. 2002
    ..Although constrained optimization is conceptually superior, some procedures within the admissions process require a rank ordering of applicants...
  16. ncbi request reprint An empirical validity study of a preceptor evaluation instrument
    Clarence D Kreiter
    University of Iowa College of Medicine, Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, Iowa City, IA 52242 1008, USA
    Acad Med 77:S70-2. 2002
  17. ncbi request reprint Medical students' perceptions of emerging learning communities at one medical school
    Marcy E Rosenbaum
    Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, University of Iowa Roy J and Lucille A Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52240, USA
    Acad Med 82:508-15. 2007
    ..The authors present results of a prospective evaluation of medical students' perceptions of emerging LCs and their impact on medical student life at UICCOM...
  18. doi request reprint Medical school preadmission interviews: are structured interviews more reliable than unstructured interviews?
    Rick Axelson
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Teach Learn Med 22:241-5. 2010
    ..The medical education research literature consistently recommends a structured format for the medical school preadmission interview. There is, however, little direct evidence to support this recommendation...
  19. ncbi request reprint Using infant mannequins in objective standardized clinical examinations: are there unintended consequences?
    George Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine and the Office of Student Affairs and Curriculum, University of Iowa Roy J and Lucille A Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 6:235-8. 2006
    ..But before using this approach, we wanted to assess whether having students examine mannequins affects their history-collecting or communication skills...
  20. doi request reprint A randomized controlled study comparing educational outcomes of examination room versus conference room staffing
    Kara Petersen
    UI Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Teach Learn Med 20:218-24. 2008
    ..This prospective randomized controlled study examined outpatient clinical teaching in the presence of the patient...
  21. ncbi request reprint Integrated approach to teaching and testing in histology with real and virtual imaging
    Paul M Heidger
    Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Anat Rec 269:107-12. 2002
    ..Acceptance of this approach has been high among our students and faculty, and performance levels established over years of teaching histology by traditional means have been maintained...
  22. ncbi request reprint Innovative testing method for an integrated radiology-histology curriculum
    Paul M Heidger
    Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Anat Rec 269:113-7. 2002
    ..Correct responses were similar in all three sections, ranging between 85 to 97%. This methodology thus appears to be an effective means of testing an integrated curriculum...
  23. ncbi request reprint The reliability of summative judgements based on objective structured clinical examination cases distributed across the clinical year
    George R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52245, USA
    Med Educ 41:661-6. 2007
    ..We sought to determine the generalisability of students' summary scores aggregated from formative OSCE cases distributed across 5 clerkships during Year 3 of medical school...
  24. ncbi request reprint Assessing the relationship between peer and facilitator evaluations in case-based learning
    Kristi J Ferguson
    Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Med Educ 41:906-8. 2007
    ..Attempts to validate peer evaluation and to incorporate it into the curriculum have met with mixed results. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of peer evaluations in a Year 1 case-based learning course...
  25. ncbi request reprint Pediatric jeopardy may increase residents' medical reading
    Donna M D'Alessandro
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 2:1-3. 2002
    ..To describe the implementation of a monthly pediatric jeopardy educational intervention (pediatric jeopardy) designed to increase resident reading...
  26. doi request reprint Trained lay observers can reliably assess medical students' communication skills
    George R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Med Educ 43:688-94. 2009
    ..Our project investigated whether trained lay observers can reliably assess the communication skills of medical students by observing their patient encounters in an out-patient clinic...
  27. doi request reprint An evaluation of pediatric residency education in conveying immunization knowledge
    Ellen A Link
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Teach Learn Med 22:176-9. 2010
    ..The Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education now requires all pediatric residency training programs assess medical knowledge competency...
  28. ncbi request reprint Is that your final answer? Relationship of changed answers to overall performance on a computer-based medical school course examination
    Kristi J Ferguson
    Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, 1204 MEB, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Teach Learn Med 14:20-3. 2002
    ..Whether examinees benefit from the opportunity to change answers to examination questions has been discussed widely...
  29. ncbi request reprint An evaluation of information-seeking behaviors of general pediatricians
    Donna M D'Alessandro
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
    Pediatrics 113:64-9. 2004
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Rater and occasion impacts on the reliability of pre-admission assessments
    Rick D Axelson
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
    Med Educ 43:1198-202. 2009
    ..Other institutions, however, are hesitant to embrace the MMI format because of the time and costs involved in restructuring recruitment and admission procedures...
  31. ncbi request reprint An analysis of patient care questions asked by pediatricians at an academic medical center
    Donna M D'Alessandro
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 4:18-23. 2004
    ..General pediatricians' information needs are not presently well characterized in the literature...
  32. ncbi request reprint Identifying the attributes of instructional quality in ambulatory teaching sites: a validation study of the MedEd IQ
    Paul A James
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242 1097, USA
    Fam Med 34:268-73. 2002
    ..Instructional quality in ambulatory settings may vary. The MedEd IQ is an instrument that measures unique aspects of the clinical instructional process. This study assesses the construct and factorial validity of the MedEd IQ...
  33. ncbi request reprint Using a longitudinal database to assess the validity of preceptors' ratings of clerkship performance
    Kristi J Ferguson
    Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 9:39-46. 2004
    ..To examine the validity of using scores from a clinical evaluation form as an assessment of clinical competence...
  34. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of an information prescription for pediatric patient education on the Internet
    Donna M D'Alessandro
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa Roy J and Lucille A Carver College of Medicine, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242 1009, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 158:857-62. 2004
    ..Information prescriptions (IPs) are prescriptions of specific, evidence-based information to manage health problems...
  35. pmc An instructional program to facilitate teaching joint/soft-tissue injection and aspiration
    Scott A Vogelgesang
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 17:441-5. 2002
    ..We developed an instructional program to teach aspiration and injection techniques of the knee and shoulder to medical students and residents...
  36. ncbi request reprint Using a peer evaluation system to assess faculty performance and competence
    Marcy E Rosenbaum
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Fam Med 37:429-33. 2005
    ..In this study, we evaluated a comprehensive faculty peer evaluation system designed to assess the six competencies as well as faculty performance in their primary departmental roles and teaching...
  37. ncbi request reprint Teaching delivery of bad news using experiential sessions with standardized patients
    Marcy E Rosenbaum
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Teach Learn Med 14:144-9. 2002
    ..Delivering bad news is a difficult task that is important to address in medical education...
  38. ncbi request reprint Recommendations for assigning weights to component tests to derive an overall grade
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine, Roy J and Lucille A Carver College of Medicine at the University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
    Teach Learn Med 16:133-8. 2004
    ..Performance-based assessments are often not reliable enough to be used as the sole method for determining a grade...
  39. doi request reprint Competency assessment of residents in surgical pathology using virtual microscopy
    Leslie A Bruch
    Department of Pathology, Carver College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Hum Pathol 40:1122-8. 2009
    ..Virtual slide technology and computer accessibility have advanced to the point that the virtual slide competency examination model implemented in our program could have applicability across multiple residency programs...
  40. ncbi request reprint Utility of 2-D and 3-D virtual microscopy in cervical cytology education and testing
    Fred R Dee
    University of Iowa, Department of Pathology, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Acta Cytol 51:523-9. 2007
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of 3-D vs. 2-D virtual microscopy as adjuncts to education and assessment in cervical cytology...
  41. ncbi request reprint Investigating the utility of a GPA institutional adjustment index
    Thomas Didier
    University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, 1204 MEB, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 11:145-53. 2006
    ..If, during the medical school admissions process, GPA is considered without reference to the institution attended, it will disadvantage applicants from undergraduate institutions employing rigorous grading standards...
  42. ncbi request reprint Long-term psychological impact and perceived efficacy of pulsed-dye laser therapy for patients with port-wine stains
    Kristen Hansen
    Department of Dermatology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Dermatol Surg 29:49-55. 2003
    ..Long-term data regarding outcome and patient satisfaction are lacking...
  43. ncbi request reprint Development and initial validation of an instrument to measure physician-pharmacist collaboration from the physician perspective
    Alan J Zillich
    Purdue University School of Pharmacy and Pharmacal Sciences, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Indianapolis, IN 46202 2879, USA
    Value Health 8:59-66. 2005
    ..The measure was analyzed for its factor structure, internal consistency, construct validity, and other psychometric properties...
  44. ncbi request reprint An experimental comparison of rater performance on an SP-based clinical skills exam
    Jae Jin Han
    Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Ewha Womans University Medical College, Seoul, Korea
    Teach Learn Med 18:304-9. 2006
    ..Research has provided only limited information regarding how best to structure rater training and the best rating formats for a standardized-patient (SP) based assessment...
  45. ncbi request reprint Conditional reliability of admissions interview ratings: extreme ratings are the most informative
    R Brent Stansfield
    Department of Medical Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Med Educ 41:32-8. 2007
    ..The low reliability may be due in part to variation in conditional reliability across the rating scale...
  46. ncbi request reprint The psychometric properties of five scoring methods applied to the script concordance test
    Andrew C Bland
    University of Illinois College of Medicine Peoria, IL, USA
    Acad Med 80:395-9. 2005
    ..Because medical education assessments do require a single best answer, the authors compared the psychometric properties of two aggregate scoring methods with three single-best-answer scoring methods for an SCT...
  47. ncbi request reprint Holistic versus actuarial student selection
    William C McGaghie
    Office of Medical Education and Faculty Development, Northwestern University, The Feinberg School of Medicine, 3 130 Ward Building, 303 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    Teach Learn Med 17:89-91. 2005
    ..The court also ruled that "holistic," "individualized" selection procedures, not "mechanical" methods, must be used to achieve student diversity goals...