Richard L Kravitz

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Direct observation of requests for clinical services in office practice: what do patients want and do they get it?
    Richard L Kravitz
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:1673-81. 2003
  2. pmc Suffering in silence: reasons for not disclosing depression in primary care
    Robert A Bell
    Departments of Communication and Public Health Sciences, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Ann Fam Med 9:439-46. 2011
  3. pmc Feeling labeled, judged, lectured, and rejected by family and friends over depression: cautionary results for primary care clinicians from a multi-centered, qualitative study
    Erik Fernandez Y-Garcia
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA, USA
    BMC Fam Pract 13:64. 2012
  4. pmc When help becomes a hindrance: mental health referral systems as barriers to care for primary care physicians treating patients with Alzheimer's disease
    Carol E Franz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 18:576-85. 2010
  5. pmc Targeted versus tailored multimedia patient engagement to enhance depression recognition and treatment in primary care: randomized controlled trial protocol for the AMEP2 study
    Daniel J Tancredi
    UC Davis Department of Pediatrics and Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, 2103 Stockton Blvd Suite 2224, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 13:141. 2013
  6. pmc Effects of tailored knowledge enhancement on colorectal cancer screening preference across ethnic and language groups
    Anthony Jerant
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 90:103-10. 2013
  7. doi request reprint Impact of public reporting of coronary artery bypass graft surgery performance data on market share, mortality, and patient selection
    Patrick S Romano
    Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, UC Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA, USA
    Med Care 49:1118-25. 2011
  8. ncbi request reprint Request fulfillment in office practice: antecedents and relationship to outcomes
    Richard L Kravitz
    Department of Medicine, Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California, Davis, Sacramento 95817, USA
    Med Care 40:38-51. 2002
  9. ncbi request reprint Do patient requests for antidepressants enhance or hinder physicians' evaluation of depression? A randomized controlled trial
    Mitchell D Feldman
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Med Care 44:1107-13. 2006
  10. pmc Practice constraints, behavioral problems, and dementia care: primary care physicians' perspectives
    Ladson Hinton
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Alzheimer s Disease Center, UC Davis, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:1487-92. 2007

Detail Information

Publications96

  1. ncbi request reprint Direct observation of requests for clinical services in office practice: what do patients want and do they get it?
    Richard L Kravitz
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:1673-81. 2003
    ..However, little is known about the nature, frequency, and impact of such requests. We performed this study to ascertain the prevalence, antecedents, and consequences of patients' requests for clinical services in ambulatory practice...
  2. pmc Suffering in silence: reasons for not disclosing depression in primary care
    Robert A Bell
    Departments of Communication and Public Health Sciences, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Ann Fam Med 9:439-46. 2011
    ..Depression symptoms are underreported by patients. We thus assessed individuals' reasons for not disclosing depression to their primary care physician...
  3. pmc Feeling labeled, judged, lectured, and rejected by family and friends over depression: cautionary results for primary care clinicians from a multi-centered, qualitative study
    Erik Fernandez Y-Garcia
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA, USA
    BMC Fam Pract 13:64. 2012
    ....
  4. pmc When help becomes a hindrance: mental health referral systems as barriers to care for primary care physicians treating patients with Alzheimer's disease
    Carol E Franz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 18:576-85. 2010
    ..To describe structural barriers to mental health specialists and consequences of these barriers to care for patients with dementia and neuropsychological symptoms and their primary care physicians (PCPs)...
  5. pmc Targeted versus tailored multimedia patient engagement to enhance depression recognition and treatment in primary care: randomized controlled trial protocol for the AMEP2 study
    Daniel J Tancredi
    UC Davis Department of Pediatrics and Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, 2103 Stockton Blvd Suite 2224, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 13:141. 2013
    ..Both targeted and tailored communication strategies offer promise for fomenting discussion and reducing barriers to appropriate initial treatment of depression...
  6. pmc Effects of tailored knowledge enhancement on colorectal cancer screening preference across ethnic and language groups
    Anthony Jerant
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 90:103-10. 2013
    ....
  7. doi request reprint Impact of public reporting of coronary artery bypass graft surgery performance data on market share, mortality, and patient selection
    Patrick S Romano
    Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, UC Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA, USA
    Med Care 49:1118-25. 2011
    ..The impact of publicly reporting risk-adjusted outcomes for hospitals and surgeons remains controversial, with particular concern about unintended consequences...
  8. ncbi request reprint Request fulfillment in office practice: antecedents and relationship to outcomes
    Richard L Kravitz
    Department of Medicine, Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California, Davis, Sacramento 95817, USA
    Med Care 40:38-51. 2002
    ..Patients communicate their desires and expectations largely by making requests. However, the antecedents and consequences of request fulfillment have received limited attention...
  9. ncbi request reprint Do patient requests for antidepressants enhance or hinder physicians' evaluation of depression? A randomized controlled trial
    Mitchell D Feldman
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Med Care 44:1107-13. 2006
    ....
  10. pmc Practice constraints, behavioral problems, and dementia care: primary care physicians' perspectives
    Ladson Hinton
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Alzheimer s Disease Center, UC Davis, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:1487-92. 2007
    ..To examine how practice constraints contribute to barriers in the health care of persons with dementia and their families, particularly with respect to behavioral aspects of care...
  11. pmc Relational barriers to depression help-seeking in primary care
    Richard L Kravitz
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of General Medicine, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 82:207-13. 2011
    ..To identify attitudinal and interpersonal barriers to depression care-seeking and disclosure in primary care and in so doing, evaluate the primary care paradigm for depression care in the United States...
  12. doi request reprint Influence of patient coaching on analgesic treatment adjustment: secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial
    Richard L Kravitz
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California, USA
    J Pain Symptom Manage 43:874-84. 2012
    ..For patients with cancer-related pain and their physicians, routine oncology visits are an opportunity to adjust the analgesic regimen and secure better pain control. However, treatment intensification occurs haphazardly in practice...
  13. pmc Unmet expectations for care and the patient-physician relationship
    Robert A Bell
    Department of Communication, University of California Davis, Davis, Calif 95616, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 17:817-24. 2002
    ..To profile patients likely to have unmet expectations for care, examine the effects of such expectations, and investigate how physicians' responses to patients' requests affect the development of unfulfilled expectations...
  14. pmc Physician career satisfaction within specialties
    J Paul Leigh
    Center for Healthcare Policy and Research and Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 8638, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:166. 2009
    ..Specialty-specific data on career satisfaction may be useful for understanding physician workforce trends and for counseling medical students about career options...
  15. pmc Encouraging patients with depressive symptoms to seek care: a mixed methods approach to message development
    Robert A Bell
    Department of Communication, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 78:198-205. 2010
    ..To assess the message preferences of individuals affected by depression as part of a project that will evaluate interventions to encourage at-risk patients to talk to their physicians about depression...
  16. pmc Survival enhancing indications for coronary artery bypass graft surgery in California
    Zhongmin Li
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:257. 2008
    ..We performed this study to explore variations in clinical indications for CABG surgery among California hospitals and surgeons...
  17. doi request reprint Lingering questions and doubts: online information-seeking of support forum members following their medical visits
    Robert A Bell
    Department of Communication, University of California, Davis, CA, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 85:525-8. 2011
    ..To examine the prevalence and predictors of patients' post-appointment online health information-seeking and the reasons behind their information searches...
  18. doi request reprint Cancer Health Empowerment for Living without Pain (Ca-HELP): effects of a tailored education and coaching intervention on pain and impairment
    Richard L Kravitz
    Department of Internal Medicine and Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, University of California at Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Pain 152:1572-82. 2011
    ..10). We conclude that TEC, compared with EUC, resulted in improved pain communication self-efficacy and temporary improvement in pain-related impairment, but no improvement in pain severity...
  19. doi request reprint Physician counseling for hypertension: what do doctors really do?
    Robert A Bell
    Department of Communication, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
    Patient Educ Couns 72:115-21. 2008
    ..To describe patient counseling by physicians on hypertension and lifestyle and assess its impact on participants' satisfaction...
  20. pmc Primary care visit length, quality, and satisfaction for standardized patients with depression
    Estella M Geraghty
    Division of General Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, UC Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:1641-7. 2007
    ..The contribution of physician and organizational factors to visit length, quality, and satisfaction remains uncertain, in part, because of confounding by patient presentation...
  21. ncbi request reprint Tracking career satisfaction and perceptions of quality among US obstetricians and gynecologists
    Richard L Kravitz
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 102:463-70. 2003
    ....
  22. pmc Sociopsychological tailoring to address colorectal cancer screening disparities: a randomized controlled trial
    Anthony Jerant
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California Davis, Sacramento, California Jerant, Franks Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, University of California Davis, Sacramento, California Jerant, Kravitz, Tancredi, Franks Division of General Internal Medicine, University of California Davis, Sacramento, California Kravitz Department of Community Health and Social Medicine, Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education of the City College of New York, New York, New York Sohler Department of Family Medicine and Community and Preventive Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York Fiscella Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas Romero Department of Family Medicine, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado Parnes Department of Pediatrics, University of California Davis, Sacramento, California Tancredi Department of Internal Medicine, University of California Davis, Sacramento, California Aguilar Gaxiola Center for Reducing Health Disparities, University of California Davis, Sacramento, California Aguilar Gaxiola University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California Slee IET Academic Technology Services, University of California Davis, Davis, California Dvorak, Turner Sutter Medical Foundation, Sacramento, CA 92037
    Ann Fam Med 12:204-14. 2014
    ..We examined whether an interactive multimedia computer program (IMCP) tailored to expanded health belief model sociopsychological factors could promote colorectal cancer screening in a multiethnic sample...
  23. pmc Screening mammography beliefs and recommendations: a web-based survey of primary care physicians
    Shagufta Yasmeen
    Department of Internal Medicine and Centre for Healthcare Policy and Research University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:32. 2012
    ....
  24. doi request reprint Associations between pain control self-efficacy, self-efficacy for communicating with physicians, and subsequent pain severity among cancer patients
    Anthony Jerant
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 85:275-80. 2011
    ..We explored this discrepancy by examining relationships between self-efficacy for communicating with physicians and pain control self-efficacy and subsequent pain severity among cancer patients participating in a coaching trial...
  25. ncbi request reprint Connoisseurs of care? Unannounced standardized patients' ratings of physicians
    Malathi Srinivasan
    University of California Davis School of Medicine, Davis, California, USA
    Med Care 44:1092-8. 2006
    ..Using unannounced standardized patients (SPs) may overcome some of these limitations because their experience and training make them able judges of physician behavior...
  26. pmc Do antidepressant advertisements educate consumers and promote communication between patients with depression and their physicians?
    Robert A Bell
    Department of Communication, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 81:245-50. 2010
    ..To examine how online depression support group members respond to direct-to-consumer (DTC) antidepressant advertising...
  27. pmc Getting to "no": strategies primary care physicians use to deny patient requests
    Debora A Paterniti
    Division of General Medicine, University of California Davis, 4150 V Street, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:381-8. 2010
    ..Physicians need strategies for addressing patient requests for medically inappropriate tests and treatments. We examined communication processes that physicians use to deal with patient requests of questionable appropriateness...
  28. pmc Let's not talk about it: suicide inquiry in primary care
    Mitchell D Feldman
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, Calif, USA
    Ann Fam Med 5:412-8. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to ascertain physician characteristics associated with exploring suicidality in patients with depressive symptoms and the influence of patient antidepressant requests...
  29. pmc An academic-marketing collaborative to promote depression care: a tale of two cultures
    Richard L Kravitz
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of California at Davis, Sacramento, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 90:411-9. 2013
    ..This paper aims to describe a collaboration between academic researchers and a marketing firm working to produce demographically targeted public service anouncements (PSAs) designed to enhance depression care-seeking in primary care...
  30. ncbi request reprint Nonmedical influences on the use of cholinesterase inhibitors in dementia care
    Carol E Franz
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 21:241-8. 2007
    ..Physicians reported feeling pressured by families to prescribe ChEI. Under these ambiguous conditions, some physicians prescribed medications simply to be able to offer "something" to patients...
  31. pmc Influence of patients' requests for direct-to-consumer advertised antidepressants: a randomized controlled trial
    Richard L Kravitz
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    JAMA 293:1995-2002. 2005
    ..Critics charge that it leads to overprescribing, while proponents counter that it helps avert underuse of effective treatments, especially for conditions that are poorly recognized or stigmatized...
  32. ncbi request reprint Characterizing patient requests and physician responses in office practice
    Richard L Kravitz
    UC Davis Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Health Serv Res 37:217-38. 2002
    ..STUDY SETTINGS: Data were obtained from visits to six general internists practicing in North-Central California in 1994 and eight cardiologists practicing in the same region in 1998...
  33. ncbi request reprint Networked for change? Identifying obstetric opinion leaders and assessing their opinions on caesarean delivery
    Richard L Kravitz
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California, Davis, 4150 V Street Suite 2500, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Soc Sci Med 57:2423-34. 2003
    ..However, they did not consistently support policies designed to reduce the caesarean delivery rate. The results have implications for the generalizability of opinion leader strategies...
  34. pmc Pairing physician education with patient activation to improve shared decisions in prostate cancer screening: a cluster randomized controlled trial
    Michael S Wilkes
    Office of Dean, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Ann Fam Med 11:324-34. 2013
    ....
  35. pmc A transnational study of migration and smoking behavior in the Mexican-origin population
    Elisa Tong
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA
    Am J Public Health 102:2116-22. 2012
    ..We examined migration-related changes in smoking behavior in the transnational Mexican-origin population...
  36. doi request reprint Third-person effects and direct-to-consumer advertisements for antidepressants
    Laramie D Taylor
    Communication Department, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Depress Anxiety 28:160-5. 2011
    ..Past Previous research has also found a link between depression and diminished self-serving biases; whether this would be the case for TPE is unknown...
  37. doi request reprint Marketing therapeutic precision: Potential facilitators and barriers to adoption of n-of-1 trials
    Richard L Kravitz
    Division of General Medicine and Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California, 95817, USA
    Contemp Clin Trials 30:436-45. 2009
    ..To learn why, we interviewed physicians and patients, focusing on the perceived benefits and drawbacks of n-of-1 trials and factors influencing these perceptions...
  38. doi request reprint Developing personal values: trainees' attitudes toward strikes by health care providers
    Su Ting T Li
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
    Acad Med 86:580-5. 2011
    ..The authors include sample case vignettes to help initiate these important discussions...
  39. pmc Training residents to employ self-efficacy-enhancing interviewing techniques: randomized controlled trial of a standardized patient intervention
    Anthony Jerant
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California Davis School of Medicine, 4860 Y Street, Suite 2300, Sacramento, CA 95618, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:606-13. 2009
    ..Current interventions to enhance patient self-efficacy, a key mediator of health behavior, have limited primary care application...
  40. pmc Cancer Health Empowerment for Living without Pain (Ca-HELP): study design and rationale for a tailored education and coaching intervention to enhance care of cancer-related pain
    Richard L Kravitz
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of California Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA, USA
    BMC Cancer 9:319. 2009
    ..Cancer-related pain is common and under-treated. This article describes a study designed to test the effectiveness of a theory-driven, patient-centered coaching intervention to improve cancer pain processes and outcomes...
  41. doi request reprint Attributes affecting the medical school primary care experience
    Anthony Jerant
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento, California, USA
    Acad Med 85:605-13. 2010
    ..The authors sought to identify such attributes and weight their importance...
  42. pmc What drives referral from primary care physicians to mental health specialists? A randomized trial using actors portraying depressive symptoms
    Richard L Kravitz
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care and Department of Internal Medicine, University of California Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:584-9. 2006
    ..Referral from primary care to the mental health specialty sector is important but poorly understood...
  43. ncbi request reprint Effects of a tailored interactive multimedia computer program on determinants of colorectal cancer screening: a randomized controlled pilot study in physician offices
    Anthony Jerant
    Department of Family and Community Medicine DF and CM, University of California Davis UCD School of Medicine SOM, 4860 Y Street, Suite 2300, Sacramento, CA 95817, United States
    Patient Educ Couns 66:67-74. 2007
    ..Screening reduces colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality and is cost-effective, yet uptake is suboptimal. We developed and evaluated a personally tailored interactive multimedia computer program (IMCP) to encourage CRC screening...
  44. pmc The effects of two health information texts on patient recognition memory: a randomized controlled trial
    Erin Freed
    Department of Psychology, University of California Davis, Davis, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 92:260-5. 2013
    ..To compare the effects of two health information texts on patient recognition memory, a key aspect of comprehension...
  45. ncbi request reprint The prepared patient: information seeking of online support group members before their medical appointments
    Xinyi Hu
    Department of Communication, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA
    J Health Commun 17:960-78. 2012
    ..Most respondents intended to ask their physician questions and request clinical resources based on online information...
  46. doi request reprint Lifetime earnings for physicians across specialties
    J Paul Leigh
    Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Davis, CA 95616 8638, USA
    Med Care 50:1093-101. 2012
    ..Earlier studies estimated annual income differences across specialties, but lifetime income may be more relevant given physicians' long-term commitments to specialties...
  47. ncbi request reprint Physician communication when prescribing new medications
    Derjung M Tarn
    Department of Family Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, 10880 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 1800, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:1855-62. 2006
    ..This article describes and assesses the quality of physician communication with patients about newly prescribed medications...
  48. ncbi request reprint A new instrument to measure appropriateness of services in primary care
    David H Thom
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94110, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 16:133-40. 2004
    ..To develop a new instrument for judging the appropriateness of three key services (new prescription, diagnostic test, and referral) as delivered in primary care outpatient visits...
  49. ncbi request reprint Anticoagulation education: do patients understand potential medication-related emergencies?
    Christopher J Moreland
    University of California, Davis, CA, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 39:22-31. 2013
    ..A study was conducted to investigate how well patients assess the risks and consequences of potential warfarin-related safety threats...
  50. pmc What ever happened to N-of-1 trials? Insiders' perspectives and a look to the future
    Richard L Kravitz
    University of California, Davis, USA
    Milbank Q 86:533-55. 2008
    ..Despite early enthusiasm, by the turn of the twenty-first century, few academic centers were conducting n-of-1 trials on a regular basis...
  51. pmc Introduction: chronic medical conditions and depression--the view from primary care
    Richard L Kravitz
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of California Davis, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
    Am J Med 121:S1-7. 2008
  52. ncbi request reprint Can patient coaching reduce racial/ethnic disparities in cancer pain control? Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial
    Donna Kalauokalani
    Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Division of Pain Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, USA
    Pain Med 8:17-24. 2007
    ..Therefore, we examined whether patient coaching could reduce disparities in pain control in a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial...
  53. pmc Tendency to adhere to provider-recommended treatments and subsequent pain severity among individuals with cancer
    Anthony Jerant
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA, USA
    Patient Prefer Adherence 5:23-31. 2011
    ..We explored the relationship between adherence tendency and subsequent pain severity among cancer patients participating in a randomized controlled trial of coaching to enhance communication with physicians and reduce pain severity...
  54. doi request reprint Physician wages across specialties: informing the physician reimbursement debate
    J Paul Leigh
    Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California Davis School of Medicine, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:1728-34. 2010
    ..Previous studies have compared annual incomes across specialties unadjusted for work hours. Wage (earnings-per-hour) comparisons could better inform the physician payment debate...
  55. pmc Evidence-based medicine, heterogeneity of treatment effects, and the trouble with averages
    Richard L Kravitz
    University of California, Davis, CA, USA
    Milbank Q 82:661-87. 2004
    ..Recognizing these factors, researchers can design studies that better characterize who will benefit from medical treatments, and clinicians and policymakers can make better use of the results...
  56. pmc Editorial peer reviewers' recommendations at a general medical journal: are they reliable and do editors care?
    Richard L Kravitz
    Department of Medicine, University of California Davis, Sacramento, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e10072. 2010
    ..We examined the relationship between external reviewers' recommendations and the editorial outcome of manuscripts undergoing external peer-review at the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM)...
  57. pmc Combined use of rapid D-dimer testing and estimation of clinical probability in the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis: systematic review
    Tonya L Fancher
    Division of General Medicine, University of California at Davis, Patient Support Services Building, Suite 2400, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
    BMJ 329:821. 2004
    ..To summarise the evidence supporting the use of rapid d-dimer testing combined with estimation of clinical probability to exclude the diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis among outpatients...
  58. pmc Medical students' attitudes toward gay men
    Kabir Matharu
    School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    BMC Med Educ 12:71. 2012
    ..Healthcare providers' attitudes toward sexual minorities influence patient comfort and outcomes. This study characterized medical student attitudes toward gay men, focusing on behavior, personhood, gay civil rights, and male toughness...
  59. doi request reprint What do doctors say when prescribing medications?: an examination of medical recommendations from a communication perspective
    Bo Feng
    Department of Communication and Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Health Commun 26:286-96. 2011
    ..The implications of the findings are discussed in light of the study's limitations and directions for future research...
  60. pmc The CABG surgery volume-outcome relationship: temporal trends and selection effects in California, 1998-2004
    James P Marcin
    Department of Pediatrics, UC Davis Children s Hospital, and Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, 2516 Stockton Boulevard, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Health Serv Res 43:174-92. 2008
    ....
  61. pmc Dealing with heterogeneity of treatment effects: is the literature up to the challenge?
    Nicole B Gabler
    Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, University of California, Davis, California, USA
    Trials 10:43. 2009
    ..We undertook this literature sample to track the use of HTE analyses over time, examine the appropriateness of the statistical methods used, and explore the predictors of such analyses...
  62. ncbi request reprint Patient preferences for physician characteristics in university-based primary care clinics
    Jorge A Garcia
    Department of Internal Medicine Division of General Medicine, Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California, Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California 95817 1498, USA
    Ethn Dis 13:259-67. 2003
    ..To examine patient preferences for age-,gender-, and racial/ethnic-concordant primary care physicians...
  63. pmc A decade of controversy: balancing policy with evidence in the regulation of prescription drug advertising
    Dominick L Frosch
    Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:24-32. 2010
    ..We propose guidelines for improving the utility of prescription drug advertising...
  64. ncbi request reprint Mandating coverage of biologic therapies for rheumatic disease: where evidence and politics meet
    Yali A Bair
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California Davis, 2103 Stockton Boulevard, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 55:353-4. 2006
    ..We hope that the readership of Arthritis Care & Research find this article informative as an exemplar of the policies that could dramatically alter the welfare of our patients...
  65. ncbi request reprint Developing indicators of nursing quality to evaluate nurse staffing ratios
    Margaret Blakeman Hodge
    University of California Davis Medical Center, Center for Nursing Research, Sacramento, Calif 95817, USA
    J Nurs Adm 32:338-45. 2002
    ..The results of this project demonstrate that this is a useful method for identifying indicators appropriate for use in outcomes research with a focus on structural predictors of quality in healthcare...
  66. ncbi request reprint Diffusion of surgical techniques in early stage breast cancer: variables related to adoption and implementation of sentinel lymph node biopsy
    Kimberly A Vanderveen
    Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical Oncology, University of California, Davis, Cancer Center, 4501 X Street, Suite 3010, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
    Ann Surg Oncol 14:1662-9. 2007
    ....
  67. ncbi request reprint Physician career satisfaction across specialties
    J Paul Leigh
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, PSSB Suite 2500, UCD Medical Center, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1577-84. 2002
    ..The career satisfaction and dissatisfaction physicians experience likely influence the quality of medical care...
  68. ncbi request reprint Use of conventional and complementary health care during the transition to menopause: longitudinal results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN)
    Yali A Bair
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California at Davis, 2103 Stockton Blvd, Suite 2224, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Menopause 12:31-9. 2005
    ....
  69. ncbi request reprint Promise and perils for patients and physicians
    Richard L Kravitz
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California, Davis, Calif, USA
    N Engl J Med 353:2735-9. 2005
  70. pmc N-of-1 trials of expensive biological therapies: a third way?
    Richard L Kravitz
    Division of General Medicine and Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:1030-3. 2008
    ..In the primary model, the n-of-1 trial option was 15% more expensive than stepped care but 47% cheaper than open access to etanercept. More research is needed on the acceptability, safety, and generalizability of this promising approach...
  71. ncbi request reprint Physician communication about the cost and acquisition of newly prescribed medications
    Derjung M Tarn
    Department of Family Medicine, The David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 10880 Wilshire Blvd, Ste 1800, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    Am J Manag Care 12:657-64. 2006
    ..To describe the frequency and content of physician discussions about the cost and acquisition of new medications...
  72. pmc How does direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) affect prescribing? A survey in primary care environments with and without legal DTCA
    Barbara Mintzes
    Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, and the Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 169:405-12. 2003
    ..We compared prescribing decisions in a US setting with legal DTCA and a Canadian setting where DTCA of prescription drugs is illegal, but some cross-border exposure occurs...
  73. pmc How much time does it take to prescribe a new medication?
    Derjung M Tarn
    Department of Family Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 72:311-9. 2008
    ..To measure the length of time spent discussing all aspects of new prescriptions and guideline-recommended aspects of counseling, and to evaluate factors associated with duration of discussion...
  74. pmc Beliefs about control in the physician-patient relationship: effect on communication in medical encounters
    Richard L Street
    Department of Communication, Texas A and M University, College Station, Tex 77843 4234, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 18:609-16. 2003
    ..g., shared control vs doctor control) were related to their communications styles and adaptations (i.e., how they responded to the communication of the other participant)...
  75. pmc Factors affecting physicians' responses to patients' requests for antidepressants: focus group study
    Aleksey Tentler
    Rochester Center to Improve Communication in Health Care, Department of Family Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:51-7. 2008
    ..The ways in which patients' requests for antidepressants affect physicians' prescribing behavior are poorly understood...
  76. pmc Types of information physicians provide when prescribing antidepressants
    Henry N Young
    Social and Administrative Sciences Division, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:1172-7. 2006
    ..Providing antidepressant information to patients may foster greater adherence to therapy...
  77. ncbi request reprint Neurologists' assessment of their ability to provide high quality care
    Steven P Ringel
    Department of Neurology, University of Colorado Health Science Center, Denver 80262, USA
    Neurology 61:612-5. 2003
    ..S: To assess levels of professional satisfaction and distress in a national sample of neurologists and to compare neurologists with other physicians...
  78. ncbi request reprint Patient trust in the physician: relationship to patient requests
    David H Thom
    University of California at San Francisco School of Medicine, SF General Hospital, 1001 Potrero Avenue, Building 80 83, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Fam Pract 19:476-83. 2002
    ..Patient trust is a key component of the patient-physician relationship. A previous qualitative study has suggested that a low level of trust is associated with unfulfilled requests...
  79. pmc Ratings of physician communication by real and standardized patients
    Kevin Fiscella
    University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, NY, USA
    Ann Fam Med 5:151-8. 2007
    ..We wanted to compare ratings by real patients with ratings by standardized patients of physician communication...
  80. pmc Exploring and validating patient concerns: relation to prescribing for depression
    Ronald M Epstein
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14610, USA
    Ann Fam Med 5:21-8. 2007
    ..This study examined moderating effects of physician communication behaviors on relationships between patient requests for antidepressant medications and subsequent prescribing...
  81. ncbi request reprint Licensed caregiver characteristics and staffing in California acute care hospital units
    Margaret Blakeman Hodge
    California State University Stanislaus, Turlock 95382, USA
    J Nurs Adm 34:125-33. 2004
    ..The authors describe the results of a California survey characterizing licensed caregivers, identifying staffing levels by unit type, and describing how staffing levels vary across hospital types...
  82. pmc Physicians' shared decision-making behaviors in depression care
    Henry N Young
    Social and Administrative Sciences Division, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:1404-8. 2008
    ..This study assesses the extent to which physicians enact SDM behaviors and describes factors associated with physicians' SDM behaviors within the context of depression care...
  83. ncbi request reprint Do the incentives in 3-tier pharmaceutical benefit plans operate as intended? Results from a physician leadership survey
    William H Shrank
    Division of General Internal Medicine, VA Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, Los Angeles, Calif 90073, USA
    Am J Manag Care 11:16-22. 2005
    ..Three-tier pharmaceutical benefit systems use graded co-payments to steer patients toward "preferred" formulary medications...
  84. pmc Patient-centered communication during primary care visits for depressive symptoms: what is the role of physician personality?
    Benjamin P Chapman
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
    Med Care 46:806-12. 2008
    ..Aside from patient presentation, little is known about other influences on PCC. We investigated whether PCC is influenced by personality dispositions of primary care providers, independent of patient presentation...
  85. ncbi request reprint Patient participation in medical consultations: why some patients are more involved than others
    Richard L Street
    Department of Communication, Texas A and M University, College Station 77843 4234, and Houston Center for Quality of Care and Utilization Studies, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Texas, USA
    Med Care 43:960-9. 2005
    ..Because more active patient participation contributes to improved health outcomes and quality of care, it is important to understand factors affecting the way patients communicate with healthcare providers...
  86. pmc Caught in the act? Prevalence, predictors, and consequences of physician detection of unannounced standardized patients
    Carol E Franz
    University of California San Diego, Department of Psychiatry, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Health Serv Res 41:2290-302. 2006
    ..Systematic assessment of detection is recommended when SPs are used in studies of clinical process and quality of care...
  87. ncbi request reprint Measuring patient-centered communication in patient-physician consultations: theoretical and practical issues
    Ronald M Epstein
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Rochester, 1381 South Avenue, Rochester, NY 14620, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:1516-28. 2005
    ..The increasing influence of the PCC literature to guide medical education, licensure of clinicians, and assessments of quality provides a strong rationale for further clarification of these measurement issues...
  88. ncbi request reprint Providing health care services to the formerly homeless: a quasi-experimental evaluation
    Andrea L Ciaranello
    Massachusetts General Hospital, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 17:441-61. 2006
    ..At 6 months, residents at the intervention sites also experienced improved blood pressure control. There was no intervention effect on residents' access to specialists or on physical functioning, mental health, or dental health...
  89. pmc What are the public health effects of direct-to-consumer drug advertising?
    Elizabeth A Almasi
    Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    PLoS Med 3:e145. 2006
    ..Critics argue that the information in the adverts is often biased and misleading, and that DTCA raises prescribing costs without net evidence of health benefits...
  90. ncbi request reprint Underuse of generic medications
    Richard L Kravitz
    Med Care 45:107-8. 2007
  91. ncbi request reprint Medical adherence research: time for a change in direction?
    Richard L Kravitz
    Med Care 42:197-9. 2004
  92. pmc Doing things better vs doing better things
    Richard L Kravitz
    Ann Fam Med 3:483-5. 2005
  93. ncbi request reprint Physicians' perceived knowledge of and responsibility for managing patients' out-of-pocket costs for prescription drugs
    William H Shrank
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02120 1613, USA
    Ann Pharmacother 40:1534-40. 2006
    ..Most insurers in the US have implemented incentive-based formularies that rely on out-of-pocket costs to influence prescription drug utilization. Medicare Part D plans have broadly adopted such benefit designs...
  94. ncbi request reprint Physicians' perceptions of relevant prescription drug costs: do costs to the individual patient or to the population matter most?
    William H Shrank
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 1620 Tremont Street, Ste 3030, Boston, MA 02120, USA
    Am J Manag Care 12:545-51. 2006
    ..We evaluated physicians' perceptions about relevant costs for prescription drugs and the importance of communication about these costs...
  95. ncbi request reprint Nurse-patient ratios: a systematic review on the effects of nurse staffing on patient, nurse employee, and hospital outcomes
    Thomas A Lang
    Tom Lang Communications, Murphys, CA, USA
    J Nurs Adm 34:326-37. 2004
    ..To determine whether the peer-reviewed literature supports specific, minimum nurse-patient ratios for acute care hospitals and whether nurse staffing is associated with patient, nurse employee, or hospital outcomes...
  96. pmc Influence of direct to consumer pharmaceutical advertising and patients' requests on prescribing decisions: two site cross sectional survey
    Barbara Mintzes
    Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, Canada V6T 1Z3
    BMJ 324:278-9. 2002