Arthur Kramer

Summary

Affiliation: University of Illinois
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Aging and filtering by movement in visual search
    A F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 51:P201-16. 1996
  2. ncbi request reprint Exercise, cognition, and the aging brain
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 North Mathews Ave, Urbana, 61801, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 101:1237-42. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Fitness, aging and neurocognitive function
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 26:124-7. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Environmental influences on cognitive and brain plasticity during aging
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 North Mathews Ave, Urbana 61801, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 59:M940-57. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint Aging, memory and visual search
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute and the Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 122:288-304. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Influence of stimulus repetition on negative priming
    A F Kramer
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Illinois 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 16:580-7. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Methylphenidate effects on task-switching performance in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    A F Kramer
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61801, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 40:1277-84. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint Influence of single and multiple onset distractors on visual search for singleton targets
    A F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
    Percept Psychophys 63:952-68. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Object-based attentional selection and aging
    A F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 14:99-107. 1999
  10. ncbi request reprint Enhancing brain and cognitive function of older adults through fitness training
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Mol Neurosci 20:213-21. 2003

Research Grants

  1. Aging, Fitness and Neurocognitive Function
    Arthur Kramer; Fiscal Year: 2002
  2. Influence of Fitness on Brain and Cognition
    Arthur Kramer; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. Aging and multi-task training
    Arthur Kramer; Fiscal Year: 2007
  4. Aging and multi-task training
    Arthur Kramer; Fiscal Year: 2006
  5. Aging, Fitness and Neurocognitive Function
    Arthur Kramer; Fiscal Year: 2004
  6. Aging, Fitness and Neurocognitive Function
    Arthur Kramer; Fiscal Year: 2003

Detail Information

Publications71

  1. ncbi request reprint Aging and filtering by movement in visual search
    A F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 51:P201-16. 1996
    ..These data suggest age-equivalence in the processes which underlie feature search in dynamic environments as well as those processes responsible for the segregation of moving and stationary objects in the visual field...
  2. ncbi request reprint Exercise, cognition, and the aging brain
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 North Mathews Ave, Urbana, 61801, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 101:1237-42. 2006
    ..Finally, we conclude with a summary and brief discussion of important future directions of research on fitness cognition and brain...
  3. ncbi request reprint Fitness, aging and neurocognitive function
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 26:124-7. 2005
    ..In general, the results are promising and suggest that fitness may serve a neuroprotective function for aging humans...
  4. ncbi request reprint Environmental influences on cognitive and brain plasticity during aging
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 North Mathews Ave, Urbana 61801, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 59:M940-57. 2004
    ..We also examine the literature on cognitive and physical fitness training. We conclude with a discussion of the gaps in the literature and suggestions for future research...
  5. ncbi request reprint Aging, memory and visual search
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute and the Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 122:288-304. 2006
    ..Additional analyses suggested that older adults may derive their benefit from finer spatial encoding of search items. These findings suggest that some of the memory processes that support visual search are relatively age invariant...
  6. ncbi request reprint Influence of stimulus repetition on negative priming
    A F Kramer
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Illinois 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 16:580-7. 2001
    ..Furthermore, these data add to the growing body of studies that suggest age invariance in the ability to inhibit task-irrelevant information in the environment on the basis of stimulus identity...
  7. ncbi request reprint Methylphenidate effects on task-switching performance in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    A F Kramer
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61801, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 40:1277-84. 2001
    ..To examine the specificity of methylphenidate effects on the processes that support the ability to rapidly and accurately coordinate the performance of multiple tasks in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
  8. ncbi request reprint Influence of single and multiple onset distractors on visual search for singleton targets
    A F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
    Percept Psychophys 63:952-68. 2001
    ..These data are discussed in terms of the interaction between top-down and bottom-up control of attention and the eyes...
  9. ncbi request reprint Object-based attentional selection and aging
    A F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 14:99-107. 1999
    ..Furthermore, both young and old adults showed similar performance effects, suggesting the object-based attentional selection is insensitive to normal aging...
  10. ncbi request reprint Enhancing brain and cognitive function of older adults through fitness training
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Mol Neurosci 20:213-21. 2003
    ..Finally, we discuss the important issue of participant adherence to fitness training programs and the factors that influence fitness participation...
  11. ncbi request reprint Attentional capture and aging: implications for visual search performance and oculomotor control
    A F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 14:135-54. 1999
    ..Results are discussed in terms of age-related sparing of the attentional and oculomotor processes that underlie attentional capture...
  12. ncbi request reprint Age-related effects in the marking of old objects in visual search
    A F Kramer
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 15:286-96. 2000
    ..The data are discussed in terms of age-related differences in the top-down control of attention in visual search...
  13. ncbi request reprint Age differences in the control of looking behavior: do you know where your eyes have been?
    A F Kramer
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, 405 North Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Psychol Sci 11:210-7. 2000
    ..Young and old adults showed equivalent patterns of oculomotor capture with equiluminant onsets, but older adults misdirected their eyes to bright onsets more often than young adults did...
  14. pmc A profile for predicting attrition from exercise in older adults
    Sean P Mullen
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Freer Hall 227, 906 S Goodwin Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Prev Sci 14:489-96. 2013
    ..The results provide an initial validation of a profile for discriminating between "dropouts" and "completers," one that may have considerable utility for screening older adults prior to study entry. ..
  15. ncbi request reprint Spatial updating relies on an egocentric representation of space: effects of the number of objects
    Ranxiao Frances Wang
    Department of Psychology and Beckman Institute, 603 E Daniel St, Room 533, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 13:281-6. 2006
    ..In consistency with the egocentric updating model, object localization following a viewpoint change was affected by the number of objects in the environment...
  16. ncbi request reprint Spatially mediated capacity limits in attentive visual perception
    Jason S McCarley
    Institute of Aviation, Human Factors Division, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Savoy, IL 61874, United States
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 126:98-119. 2007
    ..Even at the largest separations tested, however, processing capacity remained strongly limited...
  17. ncbi request reprint Neurobiology of exercise
    Rod K Dishman
    Department of Exercise Science, The University of Georgia, Ramsey Center, 330 River Road, Athens, GA 30602 6554, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:345-56. 2006
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness: A predictor of cortical plasticity in multiple sclerosis
    Ruchika Shaurya Prakash
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Neuroimage 34:1238-44. 2007
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Testing the limits of cognitive plasticity in older adults: application to attentional control
    Louis Bherer
    Department of Psychology, Université du Québec à Montréal and Research Centre, Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal, Case Postale 8888, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3C 3P8
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 123:261-78. 2006
    ..Improvement was equivalent among age groups in response speed and performance variability but larger in response accuracy for older adults. The results suggest that time-sharing skills can be substantially improved in older adults...
  20. ncbi request reprint Error-processing of oculomotor capture
    Artem V Belopolsky
    Department of Cognitive Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Brain Res 1081:171-8. 2006
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Prosaccades and antisaccades to onsets and color singletons: evidence that erroneous prosaccades are not reflexive
    Richard Godijn
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 North Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Exp Brain Res 172:439-48. 2006
    ..The present findings have implications for our understanding of the processes involved in the programming of antisaccades and the causes of erroneous prosaccades...
  22. ncbi request reprint Training-induced plasticity in older adults: effects of training on hemispheric asymmetry
    Kirk I Erickson
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, Department of Psychology, Urbana, IL, United States
    Neurobiol Aging 28:272-83. 2007
    ..These results provide evidence for plasticity in old age and are discussed in relation to an alternative argument for the role of reduced asymmetry in performance improvements...
  23. ncbi request reprint Training-induced functional activation changes in dual-task processing: an FMRI study
    Kirk I Erickson
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61810, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:192-204. 2007
    ..These results are discussed in relation to the efficacy of training protocols for modulating attention and executive functions, dual-task processing, and fMRI correlates of plasticity...
  24. ncbi request reprint Training effects on dual-task performance: are there age-related differences in plasticity of attentional control?
    Louis Bherer
    Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Montreal, Montreal, PQ, Canada
    Psychol Aging 20:695-709. 2005
    ..Moreover, the improvement in performance generalized to new task combinations involving new stimuli. Therefore, it appears that training can substantially improve dual-task processing skills in older adults...
  25. ncbi request reprint Detecting transient changes in dynamic displays: the more you look, the less you see
    Walter R Boot
    Beckman Institute, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign 61801, USA
    Hum Factors 48:759-73. 2006
    ..Two experiments examined the detectability of transient changes in cluttered and dynamic displays and optimal scan strategies for performance...
  26. ncbi request reprint Antisaccade costs with static and dynamic targets
    Richard Godijn
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Percept Psychophys 69:802-15. 2007
    ..To account for the data a model is presented, in which attentional control and working memory processes play an important role in the generation of antisaccades...
  27. ncbi request reprint Age-related differences in the use of background layout in visual search
    Ensar Becic
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 14:109-25. 2007
    ..Furthermore, the visual search performance advantage obtained in the presence of a background layout or landmark was observed both for individuals with small and large memory spans...
  28. doi request reprint Neuroanatomical correlates of aging, cardiopulmonary fitness level, and education
    Brian A Gordon
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:825-38. 2008
    ..These data suggest that fitness and education may both be predictive of preserved cognitive function in aging through separable effects on brain structure...
  29. doi request reprint Cortical recruitment during selective attention in multiple sclerosis: an fMRI investigation of individual differences
    Ruchika Shaurya Prakash
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, United States
    Neuropsychologia 46:2888-95. 2008
    ..Future studies specifically investigating the nature of additional activation seen in MS patients in a wider variety of cognitive tasks would provide insight into the specific cognitive decline in MS...
  30. ncbi request reprint Training older adults to search more effectively: scanning strategy and visual search in dynamic displays
    Ensar Becic
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 23:461-6. 2008
    ..These data suggest that with instructions and minimal practice, older adults can ameliorate the cost of a poor search strategy...
  31. pmc Transfer effects in task-set cost and dual-task cost after dual-task training in older and younger adults: further evidence for cognitive plasticity in attentional control in late adulthood
    Louis Bherer
    Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Montreal and Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Exp Aging Res 34:188-219. 2008
    ..These results suggest that dual-task skills can be substantially improved in older adults and that cognitive plasticity in attentional control is still possible in old age...
  32. pmc Greater intake of vitamins B6 and B12 spares gray matter in healthy elderly: a voxel-based morphometry study
    Kirk I Erickson
    Psychology Department, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Brain Res 1199:20-6. 2008
    ..These results are discussed in relation to a growing literature on vitamin intake on age-related neurocognitive deterioration...
  33. ncbi request reprint Be smart, exercise your heart: exercise effects on brain and cognition
    Charles H Hillman
    Charles H Hillman is at the Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, 213 Louise Freer Hall, 906 South Goodwin Avenue, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 9:58-65. 2008
    ..A growing number of studies support the idea that physical exercise is a lifestyle factor that might lead to increased physical and mental health throughout life...
  34. ncbi request reprint Influence of age and proximity warning devices on collision avoidance in simulated driving
    Arthur F Kramer
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Hum Factors 49:935-49. 2007
    ..We conducted a set of experiments to examine the utility of several different uni- and multimodal collision avoidance systems (CASs) on driving performance of young and older adult drivers in a high-fidelity simulator...
  35. ncbi request reprint Temporal limitations in multiple target detection in a dynamic monitoring task
    Walter R Boot
    Department of Psychology, Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Hum Factors 49:897-906. 2007
    ..Two experiments examined the detectability of multiple transient changes within a cluttered and dynamic display (a simulated sonar display)...
  36. ncbi request reprint Action information from classification learning
    Brian H Ross
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 14:500-4. 2007
    ..In both experiments, consistent movements were facilitated relative to inconsistent movements, suggesting that arbitrary action information is incorporated into the representations...
  37. ncbi request reprint Capitalizing on cortical plasticity: influence of physical activity on cognition and brain function
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:342-8. 2007
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint The neural correlates of an expanded functional field of view
    Paige E Scalf
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 62:32-44. 2007
    ..Practice with the FFOV task improves older adults' attentional function by increasing their recruitment of regions traditionally associated with orienting visual attention...
  39. ncbi request reprint Double take: parallel processing by the cerebral hemispheres reduces attentional blink
    Paige E Scalf
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, IL, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 33:298-329. 2007
    ..This pseudoextinction may explain the failures of previous attempts to demonstrate that parallel processing can improve item identification (J. F. Delvenne, 2005; S. J. Luck, S. A. Hillyard, G. R. Mangun, & M. S. Gazzaniga, 1989)...
  40. ncbi request reprint Age-related differences in visual search in dynamic displays
    Ensar Becic
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 22:67-74. 2007
    ..These results highlight the importance of individual differences in scanning strategy in real-world dynamic, cluttered environments...
  41. ncbi request reprint Fruitful visual search: inhibition of return in a virtual foraging task
    Laura E Thomas
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign 61820, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 13:891-5. 2006
    ..The experiment also constitutes the first use of a fully immersive virtual reality display in the study of IOR...
  42. ncbi request reprint A cross-sectional examination of age and physical activity on performance and event-related brain potentials in a task switching paradigm
    Charles H Hillman
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 North Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Int J Psychophysiol 59:30-9. 2006
    ..Results are discussed in terms of the specificity and generality of physical activity effects on cognition...
  43. ncbi request reprint Age equivalence in switch costs for prosaccade and antisaccade tasks
    Agnieszka Bojko
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 19:226-34. 2004
    ..These data suggest age-related sparing of task-switching processes in situations in which memory load is low and stimulus-response mappings are well learned...
  44. ncbi request reprint Age-related differences in localized attentional interference
    Jason S McCarley
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL, US
    Psychol Aging 19:203-10. 2004
    ..Experiment 2 ruled out sensory masking as an explanation for these findings. Results indicate that older observers experience losses in the ability to attend to multiple spatially proximal stimuli within the visual field...
  45. pmc Cardiovascular fitness, cortical plasticity, and aging
    Stanley J Colcombe
    The Beckman Institute, and Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:3316-21. 2004
    ..These data suggest that increased cardiovascular fitness can affect improvements in the plasticity of the aging human brain, and may serve to reduce both biological and cognitive senescence in humans...
  46. ncbi request reprint Behavioral conflict, anterior cingulate cortex, and experiment duration: implications of diverging data
    Kirk I Erickson
    Beckman Institute and University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana Champaign, Illinois
    Hum Brain Mapp 21:98-107. 2004
    ..In addition, we discuss the implication of our results with current conceptions of conflict and of its instantiation in the brain. Hum. Brain Mapping 21:96-105, 2004...
  47. ncbi request reprint Bimodal displays improve speech comprehension in environments with multiple speakers
    Darrell S Rudmann
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Hum Factors 45:329-36. 2003
    ..Actual or potential applications of this research include those circumstances in which a listener must filter a relevant stream of speech from among multiple, competing voices, such as air traffic control and military environments...
  48. ncbi request reprint Contingent visual marking by transients
    Matthew S Peterson
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Percept Psychophys 65:695-710. 2003
    ..g., luminance change or motion). Results suggest that preview search is not the automatic capture of attention by transients, but rather is contingent on top-down control settings...
  49. ncbi request reprint How much memory does oculomotor search have?
    Jason S McCarley
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:422-6. 2003
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Age-related effects of attentional and oculomotor capture by onsets and color singletons as a function of experience
    Angela M Colcombe
    Department of Psychology, Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 North Mathew Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 113:205-25. 2003
    ..The results are discussed in terms of top-down and stimulus-driven effects on age-related differences in attentional control...
  51. ncbi request reprint Fitness effects on the cognitive function of older adults: a meta-analytic study
    Stanley Colcombe
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana, 61801, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:125-30. 2003
    ..The results are discussed in terms of recent neuroscientific and psychological data that indicate cognitive and neural plasticity is maintained throughout the life span...
  52. ncbi request reprint Overt and covert object-based attention
    Jason S McCarley
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 9:751-8. 2002
    ..Extrafoveal processing of stimuli within the cued rectangle, however, was not facilitated, suggesting that covert attention was not allocated more densely within the cued than within the uncued object...
  53. ncbi request reprint Aerobic fitness reduces brain tissue loss in aging humans
    Stanley J Colcombe
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58:176-80. 2003
    ..We examined the relationship between aerobic fitness and in vivo brain tissue density in an older adult population, using voxel-based morphometric techniques...
  54. ncbi request reprint Exercise, experience and the aging brain
    James D Churchill
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 23:941-55. 2002
    ..Preliminary measures of brain function hold promise of increased interaction between human and animal researchers and a better understanding of the substrates of experience effects on behavioral performance in aging...
  55. ncbi request reprint Effects of aerobic fitness training on human cortical function: a proposal
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana, USA
    J Mol Neurosci 19:227-31. 2002
    ..We describe a research program which examines the influence of aerobic fitness training on the functional activity of the human using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging, of humans in fitness interventions...
  56. ncbi request reprint Visual skills in airport-security screening
    Jason S McCarley
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:302-6. 2004
    ..Moreover, recognition skills were in part stimulus-specific, such that performance was degraded by the introduction of unfamiliar target objects. Implications for screener training are discussed...
  57. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular fitness and neurocognitive function in older adults: a brief review
    Edward McAuley
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 18:214-20. 2004
    ..We also consider the important topic of participant adherence in clinical exercise trials. Finally, we suggest future directions for studies of cardiovascular fitness, aging, and neurocognitive function...
  58. ncbi request reprint Interactive effects of fitness and hormone treatment on brain health in postmenopausal women
    Kirk I Erickson
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 28:179-85. 2007
    ....
  59. ncbi request reprint The implications of cortical recruitment and brain morphology for individual differences in inhibitory function in aging humans
    Stan J Colcombe
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 20:363-75. 2005
    ..Morphological analyses revealed that frontal white matter tracts differed as a function of performance in older adults, suggesting that hemispheric connectivity might impact both patterns of recruitment and cognitive performance...
  60. ncbi request reprint Development of attentional and oculomotor control
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61801, USA
    Dev Psychol 41:760-72. 2005
    ..These results are discussed in terms of developmental differences in the interaction of goal-directed and stimulus-driven processes in the control of attention and action...
  61. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of dual-task performance after minimizing task-preparation
    Kirk I Erickson
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61810, USA
    Neuroimage 28:967-79. 2005
    ..These results are discussed in relation to current conceptions of the neural correlates of dual-task performance...
  62. ncbi request reprint Visual search in temporally segregated displays: converging operations in the study of the preview benefit
    Artem V Belopolsky
    The Department of Psychology, Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 24:453-66. 2005
    ..The results suggest that, although participants might be using inhibition at later stages of the preview interval, they are not maintaining inhibition on the old objects throughout most of the preview interval...
  63. ncbi request reprint Prioritization by transients in visual search
    Artem V Belopolsky
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 12:93-9. 2005
    ..Since prioritization by luminance transients can produce a subset-selective search on its own, it may well play an important role in the preview benefit...
  64. ncbi request reprint Selective sparing of brain tissue in postmenopausal women receiving hormone replacement therapy
    Kirk I Erickson
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61801, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 26:1205-13. 2005
    ..HRT should be considered a possible mediator of age-related neural decline in both grey and white matter tissues...
  65. ncbi request reprint A structural equation modeling analysis of attentional control: an event-related fMRI study
    Kirk I Erickson
    Beckman Institute and University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 22:349-57. 2005
    ..Additionally, we found that the paths were significantly lateralized to the right hemisphere. These results are discussed in relation to theories of the function of each region in attentional control...
  66. ncbi request reprint Conversation disrupts change detection in complex traffic scenes
    Jason S McCarley
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Hum Factors 46:424-36. 2004
    ..Actual or potential applications of this research include the design of displays and interventions to minimize the effects of cognitive distraction on human performance...
  67. ncbi request reprint Landmarks help guide attention during visual search
    Matthew S Peterson
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, VA 22030, USA
    Spat Vis 17:497-510. 2004
    ..Results indicate that objects in the environment that share no features with search items are used as external support to aid memory in guiding visual search...
  68. ncbi request reprint Neurocognitive aging and cardiovascular fitness: recent findings and future directions
    Stan J Colcombe
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    J Mol Neurosci 24:9-14. 2004
    ..In this manuscript, we will briefly review some of our recent research on the effects of CVF on brain function, structure, and behavior in older adults. We will then outline some of our current and future directions in this area...
  69. ncbi request reprint Aging and the strategic control of the fixation offset effect
    Nicholas Cassavaugh
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA
    Psychol Aging 19:357-61. 2004
    ..Young and old adults both produced FOEs, and the FOEs were strategically modulated by preparatory set. The data are discussed in terms of aging and oculomotor control...
  70. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and executive control: implications for increased cognitive health during older adulthood
    Charles H Hillman
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 75:176-85. 2004
    ....
  71. ncbi request reprint Achieving and maintaining cognitive vitality with aging
    Howard M Fillit
    Institute for the Study of Aging, Inc, New York, NY 10153, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 77:681-96. 2002
    ..The data presented in this review should interest physicians who provide preventive care management to middle-aged and older individuals who seek to maintain cognitive vitality with aging...

Research Grants10

  1. Aging, Fitness and Neurocognitive Function
    Arthur Kramer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  2. Influence of Fitness on Brain and Cognition
    Arthur Kramer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..e. C-reactive protein & interleukin-6) engendered by improvements in aerobic fitness will moderate the fitness benefits observed on measures of cognition, brain function and structure. ..
  3. Aging and multi-task training
    Arthur Kramer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Furthermore, we predict that training visual-spatial skills will transfer to elementary perceptual and cognitive processes (see Green & Baveiler, 2003) as well as simulated automobile driving. ..
  4. Aging and multi-task training
    Arthur Kramer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Furthermore, we predict that training visual-spatial skills will transfer to elementary perceptual and cognitive processes (see Green & Baveiler, 2003) as well as simulated automobile driving. ..
  5. Aging, Fitness and Neurocognitive Function
    Arthur Kramer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  6. Aging, Fitness and Neurocognitive Function
    Arthur Kramer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....