Arthur F Kramer

Summary

Affiliation: University of Illinois
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Capitalizing on cortical plasticity: influence of physical activity on cognition and brain function
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:342-8. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Training older adults to search more effectively: scanning strategy and visual search in dynamic displays
    Ensar Becic
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 23:461-6. 2008
  3. pmc Cardiorespiratory fitness, hippocampal volume, and frequency of forgetting in older adults
    Amanda N Szabo
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Neuropsychology 25:545-53. 2011
  4. doi request reprint Effects of training strategies implemented in a complex videogame on functional connectivity of attentional networks
    Michelle W Voss
    University of Illinois, Department of Psychology, Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Neuroimage 59:138-48. 2012
  5. ncbi request reprint Training-induced plasticity in older adults: effects of training on hemispheric asymmetry
    Kirk I Erickson
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, Department of Psychology, Urbana, IL, United States
    Neurobiol Aging 28:272-83. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Videogame training strategy-induced change in brain function during a complex visuomotor task
    Hyunkyu Lee
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Behav Brain Res 232:348-57. 2012
  7. doi request reprint A functional MRI investigation of the association between childhood aerobic fitness and neurocognitive control
    Laura Chaddock
    Department of Psychology and Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 North Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, United States
    Biol Psychol 89:260-8. 2012
  8. pmc A neuroimaging investigation of the association between aerobic fitness, hippocampal volume, and memory performance in preadolescent children
    Laura Chaddock
    Department of Psychology and Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Brain Res 1358:172-83. 2010
  9. doi request reprint Different slopes for different folks: alpha and delta EEG power predict subsequent video game learning rate and improvements in cognitive control tasks
    Kyle E Mathewson
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Psychophysiology 49:1558-70. 2012
  10. ncbi request reprint The neural correlates of an expanded functional field of view
    Paige E Scalf
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 62:32-44. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications100

  1. ncbi request reprint Capitalizing on cortical plasticity: influence of physical activity on cognition and brain function
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:342-8. 2007
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Training older adults to search more effectively: scanning strategy and visual search in dynamic displays
    Ensar Becic
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 23:461-6. 2008
    ..These data suggest that with instructions and minimal practice, older adults can ameliorate the cost of a poor search strategy...
  3. pmc Cardiorespiratory fitness, hippocampal volume, and frequency of forgetting in older adults
    Amanda N Szabo
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Neuropsychology 25:545-53. 2011
    ..We hypothesized that age, sex, education, body composition, and physical activity were direct determinants of fitness, which, in turn, influenced frequency of forgetting indirectly through hippocampal volume and spatial working memory...
  4. doi request reprint Effects of training strategies implemented in a complex videogame on functional connectivity of attentional networks
    Michelle W Voss
    University of Illinois, Department of Psychology, Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Neuroimage 59:138-48. 2012
    ..Our approach and findings also provide a foundation for exploring the brain plasticity involved in transfer of trained abilities to novel real-world tasks such as driving, sport, or neurorehabilitation...
  5. ncbi request reprint Training-induced plasticity in older adults: effects of training on hemispheric asymmetry
    Kirk I Erickson
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, Department of Psychology, Urbana, IL, United States
    Neurobiol Aging 28:272-83. 2007
    ..These results provide evidence for plasticity in old age and are discussed in relation to an alternative argument for the role of reduced asymmetry in performance improvements...
  6. ncbi request reprint Videogame training strategy-induced change in brain function during a complex visuomotor task
    Hyunkyu Lee
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Behav Brain Res 232:348-57. 2012
    ....
  7. doi request reprint A functional MRI investigation of the association between childhood aerobic fitness and neurocognitive control
    Laura Chaddock
    Department of Psychology and Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 North Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, United States
    Biol Psychol 89:260-8. 2012
    ..We suggest that higher fit children are better at activating and adapting neural processes involved in cognitive control to meet and maintain task goals...
  8. pmc A neuroimaging investigation of the association between aerobic fitness, hippocampal volume, and memory performance in preadolescent children
    Laura Chaddock
    Department of Psychology and Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Brain Res 1358:172-83. 2010
    ..The findings are the first to indicate that aerobic fitness may relate to the structure and function of the preadolescent human brain...
  9. doi request reprint Different slopes for different folks: alpha and delta EEG power predict subsequent video game learning rate and improvements in cognitive control tasks
    Kyle E Mathewson
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Psychophysiology 49:1558-70. 2012
    ..Thus, control processes, as indexed by alpha and delta EEG oscillations, can predict learning and skill improvements. The results are of potential use to optimize training regimes...
  10. ncbi request reprint The neural correlates of an expanded functional field of view
    Paige E Scalf
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 62:32-44. 2007
    ..Practice with the FFOV task improves older adults' attentional function by increasing their recruitment of regions traditionally associated with orienting visual attention...
  11. pmc Cardiovascular fitness, cortical plasticity, and aging
    Stanley J Colcombe
    The Beckman Institute, and Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:3316-21. 2004
    ..These data suggest that increased cardiovascular fitness can affect improvements in the plasticity of the aging human brain, and may serve to reduce both biological and cognitive senescence in humans...
  12. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of dual-task performance after minimizing task-preparation
    Kirk I Erickson
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61810, USA
    Neuroimage 28:967-79. 2005
    ..These results are discussed in relation to current conceptions of the neural correlates of dual-task performance...
  13. doi request reprint Dedifferentiation in the visual cortex: an fMRI investigation of individual differences in older adults
    Michelle W Voss
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Brain Res 1244:121-31. 2008
    ....
  14. doi request reprint Performance gains from directed training do not transfer to untrained tasks
    Hyunkyu Lee
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, United States
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 139:146-58. 2012
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness and the flexible modulation of cognitive control in preadolescent children
    Matthew B Pontifex
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:1332-45. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that lower-fit children may have more difficulty than higher-fit children in the flexible modulation of cognitive control processes to meet task demands...
  16. ncbi request reprint Fruitful visual search: inhibition of return in a virtual foraging task
    Laura E Thomas
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign 61820, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 13:891-5. 2006
    ..The experiment also constitutes the first use of a fully immersive virtual reality display in the study of IOR...
  17. pmc Top-down attentional control in spatially coincident stimuli enhances activity in both task-relevant and task-irrelevant regions of cortex
    Kirk I Erickson
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 North Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Behav Brain Res 197:186-97. 2009
    ..These results support predictions made by models of selective attention and suggest an important mechanism of top-down attentional control in spatially contiguous stimuli...
  18. ncbi request reprint The effects of video game playing on attention, memory, and executive control
    Walter R Boot
    Beckman Institute, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 129:387-98. 2008
    ....
  19. pmc Dietary lipids are differentially associated with hippocampal-dependent relational memory in prepubescent children
    Carol L Baym
    Department of Psychology CLB, JMM, AFK, CHH, and NJC, the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology CLB, JMM, AFK, CHH, and NJC, the Department of Kinesiology and Community Health NAK, LBR, ESD, RDM, MRS, AFK, and CHH, and the Center for Nutrition, Learning, and Memory AFK, CHH, and NJC, Neuroscience Program AFK, CHH, and NJC, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL
    Am J Clin Nutr 99:1026-32. 2014
    ..However, the effect of dietary intake on hippocampal-dependent memory during childhood has remained unexamined...
  20. ncbi request reprint Training-induced functional activation changes in dual-task processing: an FMRI study
    Kirk I Erickson
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61810, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:192-204. 2007
    ..These results are discussed in relation to the efficacy of training protocols for modulating attention and executive functions, dual-task processing, and fMRI correlates of plasticity...
  21. pmc Correlates of functional fitness in older adults
    James F Konopack
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Int J Behav Med 15:311-8. 2008
    ..Self-efficacy has been shown to be both an antecedent and determinant of behaviors such as physical activity and may explain variance in the performance of functional tasks among older adults...
  22. pmc Functional connectivity: a source of variance in the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and cognition?
    Michelle W Voss
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Neuropsychologia 48:1394-406. 2010
    ..We provide the first evidence for functional connectivity as a source of variance in the association between aerobic fitness and cognition, and discuss results in the context of neurobiological theories of cognitive aging and disease...
  23. pmc Trajectories of change in self-esteem in older adults: exercise intervention effects
    Neha P Gothe
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 906 S Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Behav Med 34:298-306. 2011
    ..Our findings support theoretically-based predictions and extend the literature showing unique psychological responses conditional on specific types of physical activities...
  24. pmc Executive function processes predict mobility outcomes in older adults
    Neha P Gothe
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois
    J Am Geriatr Soc 62:285-90. 2014
    ..To examine the relationship between performance on executive function measures and subsequent mobility outcomes in community-dwelling older adults...
  25. doi request reprint Childhood aerobic fitness predicts cognitive performance one year later
    Laura Chaddock
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA
    J Sports Sci 30:421-30. 2012
    ..We hope that this research will encourage public health and educational changes that will promote a physically active lifestyle in children...
  26. pmc Self-regulatory processes and exercise adherence in older adults: executive function and self-efficacy effects
    Edward McAuley
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, 906 S Goodwin Avenue, Urbana IL 61801, USA
    Am J Prev Med 41:284-90. 2011
    ..Similarly, behavioral inhibition and cognitive resource allocation-indices of executive control function-have also been associated with this health behavior...
  27. pmc Aerobic fitness and response variability in preadolescent children performing a cognitive control task
    Chien Ting Wu
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Neuropsychology 25:333-41. 2011
    ..To investigate the relationship between aerobic fitness and cognitive variability in preadolescent children...
  28. ncbi request reprint Selective sparing of brain tissue in postmenopausal women receiving hormone replacement therapy
    Kirk I Erickson
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61801, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 26:1205-13. 2005
    ..HRT should be considered a possible mediator of age-related neural decline in both grey and white matter tissues...
  29. pmc Share or compete? Load-dependent recruitment of prefrontal cortex during dual-task performance
    Kathy A Low
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Beckman Institute, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Psychophysiology 46:1069-79. 2009
    ..The data provide support for a competition view of dual-task processing...
  30. ncbi request reprint Cortical recruitment during selective attention in multiple sclerosis: an fMRI investigation of individual differences
    Ruchika Shaurya Prakash
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, United States
    Neuropsychologia 46:2888-95. 2008
    ..Future studies specifically investigating the nature of additional activation seen in MS patients in a wider variety of cognitive tasks would provide insight into the specific cognitive decline in MS...
  31. ncbi request reprint Aging, memory and visual search
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute and the Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 122:288-304. 2006
    ..Additional analyses suggested that older adults may derive their benefit from finer spatial encoding of search items. These findings suggest that some of the memory processes that support visual search are relatively age invariant...
  32. ncbi request reprint Neurocognitive aging and cardiovascular fitness: recent findings and future directions
    Stan J Colcombe
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    J Mol Neurosci 24:9-14. 2004
    ..In this manuscript, we will briefly review some of our recent research on the effects of CVF on brain function, structure, and behavior in older adults. We will then outline some of our current and future directions in this area...
  33. doi request reprint Role of childhood aerobic fitness in successful street crossing
    Laura Chaddock
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 44:749-53. 2012
    ..Increased aerobic fitness is associated with improved cognition, brain health, and academic achievement during preadolescence...
  34. pmc Longitudinal invariance and construct validity of the abbreviated late-life function and disability instrument in healthy older adults
    Amanda N Szabo
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 906 S Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 92:785-91. 2011
    ..To cross-validate the psychometric properties of the abbreviated Late-Life Function and Disability Instrument (LL-FDI), a measure of perceived functional limitations and disability...
  35. pmc Resting hippocampal blood flow, spatial memory and aging
    Susie Heo
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL, USA
    Brain Res 1315:119-27. 2010
    ..These results demonstrate a region-specific CBF-cognition relationship and thereby offer new insight into the complex connection between the aging brain and behavior...
  36. ncbi request reprint Temporal limitations in multiple target detection in a dynamic monitoring task
    Walter R Boot
    Department of Psychology, Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Hum Factors 49:897-906. 2007
    ..Two experiments examined the detectability of multiple transient changes within a cluttered and dynamic display (a simulated sonar display)...
  37. ncbi request reprint Action information from classification learning
    Brian H Ross
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 14:500-4. 2007
    ..In both experiments, consistent movements were facilitated relative to inconsistent movements, suggesting that arbitrary action information is incorporated into the representations...
  38. ncbi request reprint Influence of age and proximity warning devices on collision avoidance in simulated driving
    Arthur F Kramer
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Hum Factors 49:935-49. 2007
    ..We conducted a set of experiments to examine the utility of several different uni- and multimodal collision avoidance systems (CASs) on driving performance of young and older adult drivers in a high-fidelity simulator...
  39. ncbi request reprint Age-related differences in the use of background layout in visual search
    Ensar Becic
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 14:109-25. 2007
    ..Furthermore, the visual search performance advantage obtained in the presence of a background layout or landmark was observed both for individuals with small and large memory spans...
  40. ncbi request reprint Visual search in temporally segregated displays: converging operations in the study of the preview benefit
    Artem V Belopolsky
    The Department of Psychology, Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 24:453-66. 2005
    ..The results suggest that, although participants might be using inhibition at later stages of the preview interval, they are not maintaining inhibition on the old objects throughout most of the preview interval...
  41. pmc Basal ganglia volume is associated with aerobic fitness in preadolescent children
    Laura Chaddock
    Department of Psychology, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Dev Neurosci 32:249-56. 2010
    ..Because children are becoming increasingly overweight, unhealthy and unfit, understanding the neurocognitive benefits of an active lifestyle during childhood has important public health and educational implications...
  42. pmc Measuring enjoyment of physical activity in older adults: invariance of the physical activity enjoyment scale (paces) across groups and time
    Sean P Mullen
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 906 S, Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:103. 2011
    ..The shortened, psychometrically sound measure provides researchers and practitioners an expedited and reliable instrument for assessing the enjoyment of physical activity...
  43. ncbi request reprint A cross-sectional examination of age and physical activity on performance and event-related brain potentials in a task switching paradigm
    Charles H Hillman
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 North Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Int J Psychophysiol 59:30-9. 2006
    ..Results are discussed in terms of the specificity and generality of physical activity effects on cognition...
  44. pmc Can training in a real-time strategy video game attenuate cognitive decline in older adults?
    Chandramallika Basak
    Beckman Institute, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 23:765-77. 2008
    ..Individual differences in changes in game performance were correlated with improvements in task switching. The study has implications for the enhancement of executive control processes of older adults...
  45. ncbi request reprint Driving impairs talking
    Ensar Becic
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 17:15-21. 2010
    ..Measures of driving performance suggested that the drivers gave priority to the driving task when they were conversing. As a result, their linguistic performance suffered...
  46. pmc Predicting individuals' learning success from patterns of pre-learning MRI activity
    Loan T K Vo
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e16093. 2011
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Interactive effects of fitness and hormone treatment on brain health in postmenopausal women
    Kirk I Erickson
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 28:179-85. 2007
    ....
  48. doi request reprint Neuroanatomical correlates of aging, cardiopulmonary fitness level, and education
    Brian A Gordon
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:825-38. 2008
    ..These data suggest that fitness and education may both be predictive of preserved cognitive function in aging through separable effects on brain structure...
  49. doi request reprint Learning to multitask: effects of video game practice on electrophysiological indices of attention and resource allocation
    Edward L Maclin
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Psychophysiology 48:1173-83. 2011
    ..Hence, P3 and EEG spectral data are differentially sensitive to changes in attentional processing occurring with complex task training...
  50. pmc Walking and talking: dual-task effects on street crossing behavior in older adults
    Mark B Neider
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 26:260-8. 2011
    ..Our data suggest that multitasking costs may be particularly dangerous for older adults even during everyday activities such as crossing the street...
  51. ncbi request reprint Aerobic exercise training increases brain volume in aging humans
    Stanley J Colcombe
    Beckman Institute, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 61:1166-70. 2006
    ..The present study examined whether aerobic fitness training of older humans can increase brain volume in regions associated with age-related decline in both brain structure and cognition...
  52. pmc The perceived importance of physical activity: associations with psychosocial and health-related outcomes
    Thomas R Wojcicki
    Dept of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA
    J Phys Act Health 10:343-9. 2013
    ..In addition, associations among changes in physical activity importance and health-related and psychosocial outcomes were examined...
  53. doi request reprint Older adults capitalize on contextual information to guide search
    Mark B Neider
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA
    Exp Aging Res 37:539-71. 2011
    ..Both the benefits and costs related to contextual information were larger for older adults, suggesting that this information was relied on heavily to guide search processes towards the target...
  54. ncbi request reprint Exercise, cognition, and the aging brain
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 North Mathews Ave, Urbana, 61801, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 101:1237-42. 2006
    ..Finally, we conclude with a summary and brief discussion of important future directions of research on fitness cognition and brain...
  55. pmc Greater intake of vitamins B6 and B12 spares gray matter in healthy elderly: a voxel-based morphometry study
    Kirk I Erickson
    Psychology Department, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Brain Res 1199:20-6. 2008
    ..These results are discussed in relation to a growing literature on vitamin intake on age-related neurocognitive deterioration...
  56. doi request reprint Pedestrians, vehicles, and cell phones
    Mark B Neider
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 42:589-94. 2010
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint The implications of cortical recruitment and brain morphology for individual differences in inhibitory function in aging humans
    Stan J Colcombe
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 20:363-75. 2005
    ..Morphological analyses revealed that frontal white matter tracts differed as a function of performance in older adults, suggesting that hemispheric connectivity might impact both patterns of recruitment and cognitive performance...
  58. ncbi request reprint Aerobic fitness reduces brain tissue loss in aging humans
    Stanley J Colcombe
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58:176-80. 2003
    ..We examined the relationship between aerobic fitness and in vivo brain tissue density in an older adult population, using voxel-based morphometric techniques...
  59. ncbi request reprint Enhancing brain and cognitive function of older adults through fitness training
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Mol Neurosci 20:213-21. 2003
    ..Finally, we discuss the important issue of participant adherence to fitness training programs and the factors that influence fitness participation...
  60. ncbi request reprint Detecting transient changes in dynamic displays: the more you look, the less you see
    Walter R Boot
    Beckman Institute, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign 61801, USA
    Hum Factors 48:759-73. 2006
    ..Two experiments examined the detectability of transient changes in cluttered and dynamic displays and optimal scan strategies for performance...
  61. doi request reprint A review of the relation of aerobic fitness and physical activity to brain structure and function in children
    Laura Chaddock
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 17:975-85. 2011
    ..Indeed, it has recently been found that aerobic fitness level even predicts cognition over time. Given the paucity of work in this area, several avenues for future investigations are also highlighted...
  62. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and executive control: implications for increased cognitive health during older adulthood
    Charles H Hillman
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 75:176-85. 2004
    ....
  63. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular fitness and neurocognitive function in older adults: a brief review
    Edward McAuley
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 18:214-20. 2004
    ..We also consider the important topic of participant adherence in clinical exercise trials. Finally, we suggest future directions for studies of cardiovascular fitness, aging, and neurocognitive function...
  64. pmc Growth trajectories of exercise self-efficacy in older adults: influence of measures and initial status
    Edward McAuley
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 906 S Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Health Psychol 30:75-83. 2011
    ..This study examined differential trajectories of exercise-related self-efficacy beliefs across a 12-month randomized controlled exercise trial...
  65. ncbi request reprint How much memory does oculomotor search have?
    Jason S McCarley
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:422-6. 2003
    ....
  66. ncbi request reprint Environmental influences on cognitive and brain plasticity during aging
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 North Mathews Ave, Urbana 61801, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 59:M940-57. 2004
    ..We also examine the literature on cognitive and physical fitness training. We conclude with a discussion of the gaps in the literature and suggestions for future research...
  67. ncbi request reprint Fitness, aging and neurocognitive function
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 26:124-7. 2005
    ..In general, the results are promising and suggest that fitness may serve a neuroprotective function for aging humans...
  68. ncbi request reprint Prosaccades and antisaccades to onsets and color singletons: evidence that erroneous prosaccades are not reflexive
    Richard Godijn
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 North Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Exp Brain Res 172:439-48. 2006
    ..The present findings have implications for our understanding of the processes involved in the programming of antisaccades and the causes of erroneous prosaccades...
  69. ncbi request reprint Conversation disrupts change detection in complex traffic scenes
    Jason S McCarley
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Hum Factors 46:424-36. 2004
    ..Actual or potential applications of this research include the design of displays and interventions to minimize the effects of cognitive distraction on human performance...
  70. ncbi request reprint Age-related differences in visual search in dynamic displays
    Ensar Becic
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 22:67-74. 2007
    ..These results highlight the importance of individual differences in scanning strategy in real-world dynamic, cluttered environments...
  71. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness: A predictor of cortical plasticity in multiple sclerosis
    Ruchika Shaurya Prakash
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Neuroimage 34:1238-44. 2007
    ....
  72. ncbi request reprint Overt and covert object-based attention
    Jason S McCarley
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 9:751-8. 2002
    ..Extrafoveal processing of stimuli within the cued rectangle, however, was not facilitated, suggesting that covert attention was not allocated more densely within the cued than within the uncued object...
  73. ncbi request reprint Age-related effects of attentional and oculomotor capture by onsets and color singletons as a function of experience
    Angela M Colcombe
    Department of Psychology, Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 North Mathew Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 113:205-25. 2003
    ..The results are discussed in terms of top-down and stimulus-driven effects on age-related differences in attentional control...
  74. ncbi request reprint Fitness effects on the cognitive function of older adults: a meta-analytic study
    Stanley Colcombe
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana, 61801, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:125-30. 2003
    ..The results are discussed in terms of recent neuroscientific and psychological data that indicate cognitive and neural plasticity is maintained throughout the life span...
  75. pmc Experience-based mitigation of age-related performance declines: evidence from air traffic control
    Ashley Nunes
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 15:12-24. 2009
    ..The implications of these findings for global skilled labor shortages are discussed...
  76. ncbi request reprint Bimodal displays improve speech comprehension in environments with multiple speakers
    Darrell S Rudmann
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Hum Factors 45:329-36. 2003
    ..Actual or potential applications of this research include those circumstances in which a listener must filter a relevant stream of speech from among multiple, competing voices, such as air traffic control and military environments...
  77. ncbi request reprint Double take: parallel processing by the cerebral hemispheres reduces attentional blink
    Paige E Scalf
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, IL, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 33:298-329. 2007
    ..This pseudoextinction may explain the failures of previous attempts to demonstrate that parallel processing can improve item identification (J. F. Delvenne, 2005; S. J. Luck, S. A. Hillyard, G. R. Mangun, & M. S. Gazzaniga, 1989)...
  78. ncbi request reprint Contingent visual marking by transients
    Matthew S Peterson
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Percept Psychophys 65:695-710. 2003
    ..g., luminance change or motion). Results suggest that preview search is not the automatic capture of attention by transients, but rather is contingent on top-down control settings...
  79. ncbi request reprint Effects of aerobic fitness training on human cortical function: a proposal
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana, USA
    J Mol Neurosci 19:227-31. 2002
    ..We describe a research program which examines the influence of aerobic fitness training on the functional activity of the human using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging, of humans in fitness interventions...
  80. ncbi request reprint Behavioral conflict, anterior cingulate cortex, and experiment duration: implications of diverging data
    Kirk I Erickson
    Beckman Institute and University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana Champaign, Illinois
    Hum Brain Mapp 21:98-107. 2004
    ..In addition, we discuss the implication of our results with current conceptions of conflict and of its instantiation in the brain. Hum. Brain Mapping 21:96-105, 2004...
  81. ncbi request reprint A structural equation modeling analysis of attentional control: an event-related fMRI study
    Kirk I Erickson
    Beckman Institute and University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 22:349-57. 2005
    ..Additionally, we found that the paths were significantly lateralized to the right hemisphere. These results are discussed in relation to theories of the function of each region in attentional control...
  82. ncbi request reprint Antisaccade costs with static and dynamic targets
    Richard Godijn
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Percept Psychophys 69:802-15. 2007
    ..To account for the data a model is presented, in which attentional control and working memory processes play an important role in the generation of antisaccades...
  83. ncbi request reprint Spatially mediated capacity limits in attentive visual perception
    Jason S McCarley
    Institute of Aviation, Human Factors Division, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Savoy, IL 61874, United States
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 126:98-119. 2007
    ..Even at the largest separations tested, however, processing capacity remained strongly limited...
  84. ncbi request reprint Spatial updating relies on an egocentric representation of space: effects of the number of objects
    Ranxiao Frances Wang
    Department of Psychology and Beckman Institute, 603 E Daniel St, Room 533, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 13:281-6. 2006
    ..In consistency with the egocentric updating model, object localization following a viewpoint change was affected by the number of objects in the environment...
  85. ncbi request reprint Prioritization by transients in visual search
    Artem V Belopolsky
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 12:93-9. 2005
    ..Since prioritization by luminance transients can produce a subset-selective search on its own, it may well play an important role in the preview benefit...
  86. ncbi request reprint Aging and the strategic control of the fixation offset effect
    Nicholas Cassavaugh
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA
    Psychol Aging 19:357-61. 2004
    ..Young and old adults both produced FOEs, and the FOEs were strategically modulated by preparatory set. The data are discussed in terms of aging and oculomotor control...
  87. doi request reprint Visual search for real world targets under conditions of high target-background similarity: Exploring training and transfer in younger and older adults
    Mark B Neider
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, United States
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 134:29-39. 2010
    ..Camouflage training benefits at transfer for older adults appeared to be related to improvements in attentional guidance and target recognition rather than a more efficient search strategy...
  88. ncbi request reprint Development of attentional and oculomotor control
    Arthur F Kramer
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61801, USA
    Dev Psychol 41:760-72. 2005
    ..These results are discussed in terms of developmental differences in the interaction of goal-directed and stimulus-driven processes in the control of attention and action...
  89. ncbi request reprint Be smart, exercise your heart: exercise effects on brain and cognition
    Charles H Hillman
    Charles H Hillman is at the Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, 213 Louise Freer Hall, 906 South Goodwin Avenue, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 9:58-65. 2008
    ..A growing number of studies support the idea that physical exercise is a lifestyle factor that might lead to increased physical and mental health throughout life...
  90. ncbi request reprint Exercise, experience and the aging brain
    James D Churchill
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 405 N Mathews, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 23:941-55. 2002
    ..Preliminary measures of brain function hold promise of increased interaction between human and animal researchers and a better understanding of the substrates of experience effects on behavioral performance in aging...
  91. ncbi request reprint Testing the limits of cognitive plasticity in older adults: application to attentional control
    Louis Bherer
    Department of Psychology, Université du Québec à Montréal and Research Centre, Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal, Case Postale 8888, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3C 3P8
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 123:261-78. 2006
    ..Improvement was equivalent among age groups in response speed and performance variability but larger in response accuracy for older adults. The results suggest that time-sharing skills can be substantially improved in older adults...
  92. ncbi request reprint Neurobiology of exercise
    Rod K Dishman
    Department of Exercise Science, The University of Georgia, Ramsey Center, 330 River Road, Athens, GA 30602 6554, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:345-56. 2006
    ....
  93. ncbi request reprint Achieving and maintaining cognitive vitality with aging
    Howard M Fillit
    Institute for the Study of Aging, Inc, New York, NY 10153, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 77:681-96. 2002
    ..The data presented in this review should interest physicians who provide preventive care management to middle-aged and older individuals who seek to maintain cognitive vitality with aging...
  94. ncbi request reprint Age-related differences in localized attentional interference
    Jason S McCarley
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL, US
    Psychol Aging 19:203-10. 2004
    ..Experiment 2 ruled out sensory masking as an explanation for these findings. Results indicate that older observers experience losses in the ability to attend to multiple spatially proximal stimuli within the visual field...
  95. pmc Transfer effects in task-set cost and dual-task cost after dual-task training in older and younger adults: further evidence for cognitive plasticity in attentional control in late adulthood
    Louis Bherer
    Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Montreal and Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Exp Aging Res 34:188-219. 2008
    ..These results suggest that dual-task skills can be substantially improved in older adults and that cognitive plasticity in attentional control is still possible in old age...
  96. ncbi request reprint Landmarks help guide attention during visual search
    Matthew S Peterson
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, VA 22030, USA
    Spat Vis 17:497-510. 2004
    ..Results indicate that objects in the environment that share no features with search items are used as external support to aid memory in guiding visual search...
  97. ncbi request reprint Error-processing of oculomotor capture
    Artem V Belopolsky
    Department of Cognitive Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Brain Res 1081:171-8. 2006
    ....
  98. ncbi request reprint Visual skills in airport-security screening
    Jason S McCarley
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:302-6. 2004
    ..Moreover, recognition skills were in part stimulus-specific, such that performance was degraded by the introduction of unfamiliar target objects. Implications for screener training are discussed...
  99. ncbi request reprint Age equivalence in switch costs for prosaccade and antisaccade tasks
    Agnieszka Bojko
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Psychol Aging 19:226-34. 2004
    ..These data suggest age-related sparing of task-switching processes in situations in which memory load is low and stimulus-response mappings are well learned...
  100. ncbi request reprint Training effects on dual-task performance: are there age-related differences in plasticity of attentional control?
    Louis Bherer
    Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Montreal, Montreal, PQ, Canada
    Psychol Aging 20:695-709. 2005
    ..Moreover, the improvement in performance generalized to new task combinations involving new stimuli. Therefore, it appears that training can substantially improve dual-task processing skills in older adults...