W J Kraemer

Summary

Affiliation: University of Connecticut
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi Physiological and performance responses to tournament wrestling
    W J Kraemer
    Laboratory for Sports Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:1367-78. 2001
  2. ncbi Detraining produces minimal changes in physical performance and hormonal variables in recreationally strength-trained men
    William J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology Unit 1110, The University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 16:373-82. 2002
  3. ncbi Physiological changes with periodized resistance training in women tennis players
    William J Kraemer
    Deaprtment of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:157-68. 2003
  4. ncbi Resistance training for health and performance
    William J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Unit 1110, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Curr Sports Med Rep 1:165-71. 2002
  5. ncbi The effects of exertional heatstroke and exercise-heat acclimation on plasma beta-endorphin concentrations
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Dept of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 74:758-62. 2003
  6. ncbi The effects of L-carnitine L-tartrate supplementation on hormonal responses to resistance exercise and recovery
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 17:455-62. 2003
  7. ncbi Strength training basics: designing workouts to meet patients' goals
    William J Kraemer
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 06269 1110, USA
    Phys Sportsmed 31:39-45. 2003
  8. ncbi Hormonal responses to consecutive days of heavy-resistance exercise with or without nutritional supplementation
    W J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana 47306, USA
    J Appl Physiol 85:1544-55. 1998
  9. ncbi Effects of heavy-resistance training on hormonal response patterns in younger vs. older men
    W J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana 47306, USA
    J Appl Physiol 87:982-92. 1999
  10. ncbi Lymphocyte proliferation in response to acute heavy resistance exercise in women: influence of muscle strength and total work
    K Dohi
    Laboratory for Sports Medicine, Department of Kinesiology, Center for Sports Medicine, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 85:367-73. 2001

Detail Information

Publications102 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Physiological and performance responses to tournament wrestling
    W J Kraemer
    Laboratory for Sports Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:1367-78. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological and performance responses to a simulated freestyle wrestling tournament after typical weight loss techniques used by amateur wrestlers...
  2. ncbi Detraining produces minimal changes in physical performance and hormonal variables in recreationally strength-trained men
    William J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology Unit 1110, The University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 16:373-82. 2002
    ..A minimal maintenance training program is recommended for the recreational lifter to offset any reductions in performance...
  3. ncbi Physiological changes with periodized resistance training in women tennis players
    William J Kraemer
    Deaprtment of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:157-68. 2003
    ..To compare the physiological and performance adaptations between periodized and nonperiodized resistance training in women collegiate tennis athletes...
  4. ncbi Resistance training for health and performance
    William J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Unit 1110, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Curr Sports Med Rep 1:165-71. 2002
    ..Proper program design, ie, that which uses progressive overload, variation, and specificity, is essential to maximize the benefits associated with resistance training...
  5. ncbi The effects of exertional heatstroke and exercise-heat acclimation on plasma beta-endorphin concentrations
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Dept of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 74:758-62. 2003
    ..It has been suggested that a proopiomelanocortin peptide beta-endorphin may play an important role in temperature regulation and therefore have specific heat stroke response patterns...
  6. ncbi The effects of L-carnitine L-tartrate supplementation on hormonal responses to resistance exercise and recovery
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 17:455-62. 2003
    ..These data support the use of LCLT as a recovery supplement for hypoxic exercise and lend further insights into the hormonal mechanisms that may help to mediate quicker recovery...
  7. ncbi Strength training basics: designing workouts to meet patients' goals
    William J Kraemer
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 06269 1110, USA
    Phys Sportsmed 31:39-45. 2003
    ..Physicians who know the basic principles can prescribe exercise to effectively build muscle strength in active patients...
  8. ncbi Hormonal responses to consecutive days of heavy-resistance exercise with or without nutritional supplementation
    W J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana 47306, USA
    J Appl Physiol 85:1544-55. 1998
    ..These data indicate that protein-carbohydrate supplementation before and after training can alter the metabolic and hormonal responses to consecutive days of heavy-resistance exercise...
  9. ncbi Effects of heavy-resistance training on hormonal response patterns in younger vs. older men
    W J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana 47306, USA
    J Appl Physiol 87:982-92. 1999
    ..These data indicate that older men do respond with an enhanced hormonal profile in the early phase of a resistance training program, but the response is different from that of younger men...
  10. ncbi Lymphocyte proliferation in response to acute heavy resistance exercise in women: influence of muscle strength and total work
    K Dohi
    Laboratory for Sports Medicine, Department of Kinesiology, Center for Sports Medicine, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 85:367-73. 2001
    ..Therefore, individuals performing at the same relative exercise intensity (i.e. 10 RM) in a resistance exercise protocol may have different immune responses stemming from differences in absolute total work performance...
  11. ncbi Influence of compression therapy on symptoms following soft tissue injury from maximal eccentric exercise
    W J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Ind 47306, USA
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 31:282-90. 2001
    ..A between groups design was used to compare recovery following eccentric muscle damage under 2 experimental conditions...
  12. ncbi Resistance training combined with bench-step aerobics enhances women's health profile
    W J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:259-69. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the comprehensive physiological alterations that take place during the combination of bench-step aerobics (BSA) and resistance exercise training...
  13. ncbi Influence of exercise training on physiological and performance changes with weight loss in men
    W J Kraemer
    Department of Kinesiology, Noll Physiological Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:1320-9. 1999
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the physiological effects of a weight-loss dietary regimen with or without exercise...
  14. ncbi Biorhythmic influences on functional capacity of human muscle and physiological responses
    M R Deschenes
    Department of Kinesiology, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187 8795, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:1399-407. 1998
    ....
  15. ncbi Low-volume circuit versus high-volume periodized resistance training in women
    J O Marx
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:635-43. 2001
    ....
  16. ncbi Effect of resistance training on women's strength/power and occupational performances
    W J Kraemer
    Laboratory for Sports Medicine Center for Sports Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:1011-25. 2001
    ..The effects of resistance training programs on strength, power, and military occupational task performances in women were examined...
  17. ncbi Neuromuscular disturbance outlasts other symptoms of exercise-induced muscle damage
    M R Deschenes
    Department of Kinesiology, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187 8795, USA
    J Neurol Sci 174:92-9. 2000
    ..While other symptoms of exercise-induced muscle damage dissipate within 7 days, neuromuscular perturbation persists for at least 10 days...
  18. ncbi Muscle recruitment patterns regulate physiological responses during exercise of the same intensity
    M R Deschenes
    Department of Kinesiology, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia 23187 8795, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 279:R2229-36. 2000
    ..These data indicated that the more pronounced muscle activation pattern associated with pedaling at 40 rpm resulted in greater physiological and psychophysiological stress than that observed at 80 rpm even though VO(2) was the same...
  19. ncbi Overnight responses of the circulating IGF-I system after acute, heavy-resistance exercise
    B C Nindl
    Intercollege Graduate Program in Physiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16801, USA
    J Appl Physiol 90:1319-26. 2001
    ..Thus acute, heavy-resistance exercise can lead to alterations in the IGF-I system that can be detected in the systemic circulation...
  20. ncbi Influence of muscle strength and total work on exercise-induced plasma growth hormone isoforms in women
    W J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Conneticut, USA
    J Sci Med Sport 6:295-306. 2003
    ....
  21. ncbi Effect of acute postexercise ethanol intoxication on the neuroendocrine response to resistance exercise
    L P Koziris
    Department of Kinesiology, Health Promotion, and Recreation, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203, USA
    J Appl Physiol 88:165-72. 2000
    ..This blood ethanol concentration does not further stimulate the sympathoadrenal system during the postexercise response...
  22. ncbi The effect of heavy resistance exercise on the circadian rhythm of salivary testosterone in men
    W J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 84:13-8. 2001
    ..The results of this investigation indicate that resistance exercise does not affect the circadian pattern of salivary testosterone secretion over a 16-h waking period in resistance-trained men...
  23. ncbi The effects of 10 days of spaceflight on the shuttle Endeavor on predominantly fast-twitch muscles in the rat
    W J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Histochem Cell Biol 114:349-55. 2000
    ..Thus, countermeasures aimed at slowing or even preventing muscle fiber atrophy are warranted...
  24. ncbi Effects of a high-fat diet on postabsorptive and postprandial testosterone responses to a fat-rich meal
    J S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Metabolism 50:1351-5. 2001
    ..Alternative mechanisms (eg, higher uptake at the receptor level of cells) other than chylomicron-induced or insulin-induced inhibition of steroidogenesis are likely responsible for the reduction in TT and FT after a fat-rich meal...
  25. ncbi Safety measures of L-carnitine L-tartrate supplementation in healthy men
    M R Rubin
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 15:486-90. 2001
    ..The results of this study suggest that LCLT, when used as a dietary supplement, has no adverse effects on metabolic and hematological safety variables in normally healthy men...
  26. ncbi The influence of muscle action on the acute growth hormone response to resistance exercise and short-term detraining
    W J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Growth Horm IGF Res 11:75-83. 2001
    ..These data indicate that GH is sensitive to muscle action type with differential responses observed with resistance exercise after short-term detraining...
  27. ncbi Differential effects of exhaustive cycle ergometry on concentric and eccentric torque production
    W J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, Storrs, USA
    J Sci Med Sport 4:301-9. 2001
    ..In conclusion, a 90-second maximal cycling sprint results in a significant decline in maximal torque of both concentric and eccentric muscle actions with the greatest magnitude observed during concentric muscle actions...
  28. ncbi Influence of compression hosiery on physiological responses to standing fatigue in women
    W J Kraemer
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:1849-58. 2000
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to examine the influence of various designs of commercial hosiery, which use graduated compression, on the physiological and performance responses to standing fatigue...
  29. ncbi Hormonal responses to a 160-km race across frozen Alaska
    W J Kraemer
    University of Connecticut, Human Performance Laboratory, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 1110, USA
    Br J Sports Med 42:116-20; discussion 120. 2008
    ..Examining hormonal responses to an extreme 160-km competition across frozen Alaska provides a unique opportunity to study this intense stress...
  30. ncbi Characteristics of circulating growth hormone in women after acute heavy resistance exercise
    W C Hymer
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 281:E878-87. 2001
    ..Finally, because most of the GH released after exercise was able to dimerize the GH receptor in vitro, it is also concluded that these forms have the two intact binding sites required to initiate signal transduction in target cells...
  31. ncbi LH secretion and testosterone concentrations are blunted after resistance exercise in men
    B C Nindl
    Intercollege Graduate Program in Physiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16801, USA
    J Appl Physiol 91:1251-8. 2001
    ..These data demonstrate that the decline in overnight testosterone concentrations after acute heavy-resistance exercise is accompanied by a blunted LH production rate and elevated C concentrations...
  32. ncbi Growth hormone pulsatility profile characteristics following acute heavy resistance exercise
    B C Nindl
    Intercollege Graduate Program in Physiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16801, USA
    J Appl Physiol 91:163-72. 2001
    ..Additionally, because of the unique molecular basis of the DSL IFA, this influence does have biological relevance because functionally intact molecules are affected...
  33. ncbi Resistance training in patients with peripheral arterial disease: effects on myosin isoforms, fiber type distribution, and capillary supply to skeletal muscle
    M R McGuigan
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 56:B302-10. 2001
    ..It is concluded that progressive resistance training results in significant increases in muscle strength and alters skeletal muscle composition of subjects with peripheral arterial disease...
  34. ncbi Immunofunctional vs immunoreactive growth hormone responses after resistance exercise in men and women
    B C Nindl
    Intercollege Graduate Program in Physiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16801, USA
    Growth Horm IGF Res 10:99-103. 2000
    ..In summary, dynamic exercise elicited a similar rise in M and W for immunofunctionally active GH molecules, but the magnitude is lower than when detected with another conventional assay...
  35. ncbi Regional body composition changes in women after 6 months of periodized physical training
    B C Nindl
    Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    J Appl Physiol 88:2251-9. 2000
    ..5% increases in leg lean tissue. These findings show the importance of considering regional body composition changes, rather than whole body changes alone when assessing the effects of a periodized physical training program...
  36. ncbi Physiological responses to short-term exercise in the heat after creatine loading
    J S Volek
    The Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:1101-8. 2001
    ..This investigation was designed to examine the influence of creatine (Cr) supplementation on acute cardiovascular, renal, temperature, and fluid-regulatory hormonal responses to exercise for 35 min in the heat...
  37. ncbi Training for muscular power
    W J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana, USA
    Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 11:341-68, vii. 2000
    ..Power development is paramount to optimal neuromuscular function...
  38. ncbi Effects of an 8-week weight-loss program on cardiovascular disease risk factors and regional body composition
    J S Volek
    The Human Performance Laboratory, The University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269 1110, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:585-92. 2002
    ..To determine the influence of weight loss on multiple cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors...
  39. ncbi Lymphocyte subpopulations in lymphoid organs of rats after acute resistance exercise
    A M Mastro
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, and Center for Sports Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:74-81. 1999
    ..The purpose of this experiment was to determine the effects of an acute bout of resistance exercise on lymphocyte subpopulations in primary and secondary lymphoid compartments...
  40. ncbi Effects of resistance training on neuromuscular junction morphology
    M R Deschenes
    Department of Kinesiology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia 23187 8795, USA
    Muscle Nerve 23:1576-81. 2000
    ..The data presented here indicate that the stimulus of resistance training was sufficiently potent to remodel NMJ structure, and that this effect cannot be attributed to muscle fiber hypertrophy or fiber type conversion...
  41. ncbi Effects of high altitude and water deprivation on arginine vasopressin release in men
    C M Maresh
    Department of Kinesiology, Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, 2095 Hillside Road, U 1110, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 286:E20-4. 2004
    ..7 +/- 0.5 pg/ml, AA 6.4 +/- 0.7 pg/ml, PA 8.7 +/- 0.9 pg/ml, P < 0.05). In conclusion, hypoxia appeared to alter AVP regulation by raising the osmotic threshold and increasing AVP responsiveness above that threshold...
  42. ncbi Strength, workload, anaerobic intensity and the immune response to resistance exercise in women
    M P Miles
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA
    Acta Physiol Scand 178:155-63. 2003
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether the immune response to resistance exercise was associated with (1) changes in workload or (2) anaerobic exercise intensity...
  43. pmc Nutritional aspects of women strength athletes
    J S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, 2095 Hillside Road, U 1110, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Br J Sports Med 40:742-8. 2006
    ....
  44. doi Molecular signaling in muscle is affected by the specificity of resistance exercise protocol
    J J Hulmi
    Department of Biology of Physical Activity, Neuromuscular Research Center, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 22:240-8. 2012
    ..05). No changes were seen in controls. In conclusion, MAPK signaling is greater after hypertrophic than maximal strength exercise protocol. This may mediate adaptations specific to these different types of training regimens...
  45. ncbi The relationship of natural killer cell counts, perforin mRNA and CD2 expression to post-exercise natural killer cell activity in humans
    M P Miles
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, USA
    Acta Physiol Scand 174:317-25. 2002
    ....
  46. ncbi Effects of chromium supplementation on glycogen synthesis after high-intensity exercise
    Jeff S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:2102-9. 2006
    ..Chromium enhances insulin signaling and insulin-mediated glucose uptake in cultured cells. We investigated the effect of chromium on glycogen synthesis and insulin signaling in humans...
  47. ncbi Body composition and physical performance during a National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I men's soccer season
    Ricardo Silvestre
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 20:962-70. 2006
    ..A correct combination of soccer-specific practices and strength and conditioning programs can maintain and develop physical performance, allowing a soccer athlete to perform optimally throughout pre-, in-, and postseason play...
  48. ncbi Effects of a carbohydrate-restricted diet with and without supplemental soluble fiber on plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and other clinical markers of cardiovascular risk
    Richard J Wood
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 4017, USA
    Metabolism 56:58-67. 2007
    ..Furthermore, a CRD led to clinically important positive alterations in cardiovascular disease risk factors...
  49. ncbi Anticipatory responses of catecholamines on muscle force production
    Duncan N French
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Unit 1110, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    J Appl Physiol 102:94-102. 2007
    ..02) for F(maintainers) than F(reducers). In conclusion, an anticipatory rise in catecholamines existed, which may be essential for optimal force production at the onset of exercise...
  50. ncbi Androgenic responses to resistance exercise: effects of feeding and L-carnitine
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1288-96. 2006
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of 3 wk of L-carnitine L-tartrate (LCLT) supplementation and post-resistance-exercise (RE) feeding on hormonal and androgen receptor (AR) responses...
  51. ncbi Serum basal hormone concentrations and muscle mass in aging women: effects of strength training and diet
    Janne Sallinen
    Dept of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 16:316-31. 2006
    ..Our results support the conclusion that nutritional counseling can contribute to the increase in the muscle cross-sectional area during prolonged strength training in aging women...
  52. ncbi Acute hormonal responses to heavy resistance exercise in strength athletes versus nonathletes
    Juha P Ahtiainen
    Dept Of Biology of Physical Activity and Neuromuscular Research Center, Univ of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Can J Appl Physiol 29:527-43. 2004
    ..These data suggest that, at least in experienced strength athletes, the forced-repetition protocol is a viable alternative to the more traditional maximum-repetition protocol and may even be a superior approach...
  53. ncbi Body composition and physical performance in men's soccer: a study of a National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I team
    Ricardo Silvestre
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 20:177-83. 2006
    ..Training programs that equally benefit both groups are important in soccer...
  54. ncbi The effects of carbohydrate loading on repetitive jump squat power performance
    Disa L Hatfield
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 20:167-71. 2006
    ..These data show that elevated carbohydrate intake is not needed to optimize a repetitive power-endurance performance when it is done as the first exercise in a workout...
  55. ncbi Effects of strength training and nutritional counseling on metabolic health indicators in aging women
    Janne Sallinen
    Dept of Biology of Physical Activity, Univ of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Can J Appl Physiol 30:690-707. 2005
    ..Effects of strength training (ST) and nutritional counseling (NC) on metabolic health indicators were examined in 50 aging women...
  56. ncbi Differential effects of strength training leading to failure versus not to failure on hormonal responses, strength, and muscle power gains
    Mikel Izquierdo
    Studies, Research and Sport Medicine Center, Government of Navarra, Spain
    J Appl Physiol 100:1647-56. 2006
    ..Elevation in IGFBP-3 after resistance training may have been compensatory to accommodate the reduction in IGF-1 to preserve IGF availability...
  57. ncbi The impact of velocity of movement on performance factors in resistance exercise
    Disa L Hatfield
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 20:760-6. 2006
    ..6 +/- 46.4 W). VOL speed elicited higher total volume than the VS velocity. The results of this study indicate that a VS velocity may not elicit appropriate levels of force, power, or volume to optimize strength and athletic performance...
  58. ncbi Four weeks of optimal load ballistic resistance training at the end of season attenuates declining jump performance of women volleyball players
    Robert U Newton
    School of Exercise, Biomedical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, WA, Australia
    J Strength Cond Res 20:955-61. 2006
    ..Periodization of in-season training programs similar to that used in this study may provide volleyball players with good vertical jump performance for the crucial end-of-season games...
  59. ncbi Comparison of low- and high-intensity resistance exercise on lipid peroxidation: role of muscle oxygenation
    Jay R Hoffman
    College of New Jersey, Ewing 08628, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:118-22. 2007
    ..44). Results suggest that increases in MDA occur independently of exercise intensity, but tissue acidosis may have a larger influence on MDA formation...
  60. doi Effect of hydration state on resistance exercise-induced endocrine markers of anabolism, catabolism, and metabolism
    Daniel A Judelson
    Dept of Kinesiology, California State Univ, Fullerton, CA 92834, USA
    J Appl Physiol 105:816-24. 2008
    ..These results suggest that hypohydration can modify the hormonal and metabolic response to resistance exercise, influencing the postexercise circulatory milieu...
  61. doi Effects of L-carnitine L-tartrate supplementation on muscle oxygenation responses to resistance exercise
    Barry A Spiering
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 22:1130-5. 2008
    ..Enhanced oxygen consumption would explain why hypoxic stress was attenuated with LCLT supplementation...
  62. doi Body composition and fitness during strength and/or endurance training in older men
    Elina Sillanpää
    Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:950-8. 2008
    ..We also compared the usefulness of different methods for the analysis of body composition to detect training-induced adaptations...
  63. doi Replacing dietary carbohydrate with protein and fat decreases the concentrations of small LDL and the inflammatory response induced by atherogenic diets in the guinea pig
    Matthew J Sharman
    Centre of Excellence for Alzheimer s Disease Research and Care, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup WA 6027, Australia
    J Nutr Biochem 19:732-8. 2008
  64. doi Effects of exercise at different times on postprandial lipemia and endothelial function
    Ricardo Silvestre
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:264-74. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of previous exercise on metabolic, hormonal, and endothelial responses to an oral fat-tolerance test (OFTT)...
  65. ncbi Influence of oral contraceptive use on growth hormone in vivo bioactivity following resistance exercise: responses of molecular mass variants
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Department of Physiology and Neurobiology, University of Connecticut Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Growth Horm IGF Res 18:238-44. 2008
    ..However, OC use only increased biological activity of GH in one of two bioassays. These data demonstrated that GH concentrations at rest and following exercise are assay-dependent...
  66. ncbi Effects of a multi-nutrient supplement on exercise performance and hormonal responses to resistance exercise
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 101:637-46. 2007
    ..These responses indicate that MF supplementation augments the quality of an acute bout of resistance exercise thereby increasing the endocrine signaling and recovery following heavy resistance exercise...
  67. ncbi The effects of ten weeks of resistance and combined plyometric/sprint training with the Meridian Elyte athletic shoe on muscular performance in women
    Nicholas A Ratamess
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, New Jersey 08628, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:882-7. 2007
    ..However, high-intensity sprint endurance at 60 m increased to a greater extent during training with the Meridian Elyte athletic shoe...
  68. ncbi Detraining and tapering effects on hormonal responses and strength performance
    Mikel Izquierdo
    Studies, Research and Sport Medicine Center, Government of Navarra, Navarra, Spain
    J Strength Cond Res 21:768-75. 2007
    ....
  69. ncbi Effect of adding exercise to a diet containing glucomannan
    William J Kraemer
    Department of Kinesiology, Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Metabolism 56:1149-58. 2007
    ..Addition of a resistance and endurance exercise training program to a glucomannan diet regimen significantly improved measures of body composition, HDL-C, and TC/HDL-C ratio...
  70. ncbi Maximal power at different percentages of one repetition maximum: influence of resistance and gender
    Gwendolyn A Thomas
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:336-42. 2007
    ....
  71. ncbi Responses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrate
    Barry A Spiering
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:259-64. 2007
    ..Use of LCLT appears to attenuate metabolic stress and the hypoxic chain of events leading to muscle damage after exercise...
  72. ncbi Proenkephalin peptide F immunoreactivity in different circulatory biocompartments after exercise
    Jill A Bush
    Laboratory of Integrated Physiology, Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 6015, USA
    Peptides 27:1498-506. 2006
    ..The presence of PF within all three biocompartments of whole blood may indicate the potential for biological transport and interactions with other cells in other biocompartments of the blood...
  73. ncbi Short vs. long rest period between the sets in hypertrophic resistance training: influence on muscle strength, size, and hormonal adaptations in trained men
    Juha P Ahtiainen
    Department of Biology of Physical Activity and Neuromuscular Research Center, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Strength Cond Res 19:572-82. 2005
    ..5 minutes) did not have an influence on the magnitude of acute hormonal and neuromuscular responses or long-term training adaptations in muscle strength and mass in previously strength-trained men...
  74. ncbi Effects of vitamin E supplementation on recovery from repeated bouts of resistance exercise
    Neva G Avery
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana 47306, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 17:801-9. 2003
    ..VE supplementation was not effective at attenuating putative markers of membrane damage, oxidative stress, and performance decrements after repeated bouts of whole-body concentric/eccentric resistance exercise...
  75. ncbi American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Progression models in resistance training for healthy adults
    William J Kraemer
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:364-80. 2002
    ..In the interpretation of this position stand, as with prior ones, the recommendations should be viewed in context of the individual's target goals, physical capacity, and training status...
  76. ncbi Creatine supplementation improves muscular performance in older men
    Lincoln A Gotshalk
    Department of Health and Physical Education, University of Hawaii at Hilo, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:537-43. 2002
    ..Creatine supplementation could therefore benefit older individuals because aging is associated with a decrease in muscle strength and explosive power...
  77. ncbi Evaluation of a lower-body compression garment
    Brandon K Doan
    Human Effectiveness Directorate, Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78235, USA
    J Sports Sci 21:601-10. 2003
    ..The compressive garment significantly reduced impact force by 27% compared with American football pants alone. Through various mechanisms, these findings may translate into an effect on athletic performance and a reduction in injuries...
  78. ncbi Leptin concentrations experience a delayed reduction after resistance exercise in men
    Bradley C Nindl
    Intercollege Graduate Program in Physiology, Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:608-13. 2002
    ..We hypothesized that these studies have been limited by short sampling schemes (<4 h) postexercise and may have missed a time-delayed reduction in circulating leptin concentrations...
  79. ncbi The effects of amino acid supplementation on muscular performance during resistance training overreaching
    Nicholas A Ratamess
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 17:250-8. 2003
    ..In addition, an initial high-volume, moderate-intensity phase of overreaching followed by a higher intensity, moderate-volume phase appears to be very effective for enhancing muscle strength in resistance-trained men...
  80. ncbi Muscle hypertrophy, hormonal adaptations and strength development during strength training in strength-trained and untrained men
    Juha P Ahtiainen
    Neuromuscular Research Center and Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, P O Box 35, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Eur J Appl Physiol 89:555-63. 2003
    ....
  81. ncbi Responses of growth hormone aggregates to different intermittent exercise intensities
    Martyn R Rubin
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 89:166-70. 2003
    ....
  82. ncbi The effects of a 10-kilometer run on muscle strength and power
    Ana L Gomez
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 16:184-91. 2002
    ..From a practical perspective, it appears that a minimum of 48 hours should be utilized between multiple trials in 10-km races at track and field meets...
  83. ncbi Performance, biochemical, and endocrine changes during a competitive football game
    Jay R Hoffman
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, 08628 0718, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1845-53. 2002
    ..In addition, biochemical and endocrine responses also were examined to assess the physiological stress imposed by this competitive contest...
  84. ncbi Performance and physiologic adaptations to resistance training
    Michael R Deschenes
    Department of Kinesiology, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187 8795, USA
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 81:S3-16. 2002
    ....
  85. ncbi Body composition and hormonal responses to a carbohydrate-restricted diet
    Jeff S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Metabolism 51:864-70. 2002
    ....
  86. ncbi A ketogenic diet favorably affects serum biomarkers for cardiovascular disease in normal-weight men
    Matthew J Sharman
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269 1110, USA
    J Nutr 132:1879-85. 2002
    ..The results suggest that a short-term ketogenic diet does not have a deleterious effect on CVD risk profile and may improve the lipid disorders characteristic of atherogenic dyslipidemia...
  87. ncbi The effects of creatine supplementation on muscular performance and body composition responses to short-term resistance training overreaching
    Jeff S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 91:628-37. 2004
    ..In addition, creatine supplementation appears to be effective for maintaining muscular performance during the initial phase of high-volume resistance training overreaching that otherwise results in small performance decrements...
  88. ncbi Responses of plasma proenkephalin peptide F in rats following 14 days of spaceflight
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 75:114-7. 2004
    ..Proenkephalin peptide F [107-140] is related to the enhancement of immune function, while microgravity has been shown to cause immuno-suppression. We investigated the physiological response of proenkephalin peptide F to microgravity...
  89. ncbi Acute hormonal responses to submaximal and maximal heavy resistance and explosive exercises in men and women
    Vesa Linnamo
    Neuromuscular Research Center, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Strength Cond Res 19:566-71. 2005
    ..Since GH and T are anabolic hormones, the acute exercise-induced response during HRE may play an important role in the long-term anabolic adaptation processes related to muscle hypertrophy and maximal strength development...
  90. ncbi Cortitrol supplementation reduces serum cortisol responses to physical stress
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Metabolism 54:657-68. 2005
    ....
  91. ncbi Androgen receptor content following heavy resistance exercise in men
    Nicholas A Ratamess
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Unit 1110, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 93:35-42. 2005
    ..This may have been due to greater protein catabolism associated with the higher level of stress following higher-volume resistance exercise...
  92. ncbi High-affinity growth hormone binding protein and acute heavy resistance exercise
    Martyn R Rubin
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:395-403. 2005
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to examine the influence of resistance training on circulating concentrations of growth hormone binding protein (GHBP) in response to acute heavy resistance exercise...
  93. ncbi Effects of treatment with a cetylated fatty acid topical cream on static postural stability and plantar pressure distribution in patients with knee osteoarthritis
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 19:115-21. 2005
    ..Such over-the-counter treatment may help improve the exercise trainability of people with OA...
  94. ncbi Effects of concurrent resistance and aerobic training on load-bearing performance and the Army physical fitness test
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Mil Med 169:994-9. 2004
    ..Army Physical Fitness Test performance, loaded running, and leg power responded positively to training, however, it appears there is a high degree of specificity when concurrent training regimens are implemented...
  95. ncbi Effects of combined resistance and cardiovascular training on strength, power, muscle cross-sectional area, and endurance markers in middle-aged men
    Mikel Izquierdo
    Centro de Estudios, Investigación y Medicina del Deporte de Navarra, Gobierno de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
    Eur J Appl Physiol 94:70-5. 2005
    ....
  96. ncbi Cardiovascular responses to a high-volume continuous circuit resistance training protocol
    Lincoln A Gotshalk
    Department of Health and Physical Education, University of Hawaii at Hilo, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 18:760-4. 2004
    ....
  97. ncbi Maximal strength and power, muscle mass, endurance and serum hormones in weightlifters and road cyclists
    Mikel Izquierdo
    Centro de Estudios, Investigación y Medicina del Deporte, Gobierno de Navarra, C Sangüesa 34, 31005 Pamplona, Navarra, Spain
    J Sports Sci 22:465-78. 2004
    ....
  98. ncbi Fundamentals of resistance training: progression and exercise prescription
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:674-88. 2004
    ..A careful system of goal targeting, exercise testing, proper exercise technique, supervision, and optimal exercise prescription all contribute to the successful implementation of a resistance training program...
  99. ncbi Very low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets affect fasting lipids and postprandial lipemia differently in overweight men
    Matthew J Sharman
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    J Nutr 134:880-5. 2004
    ..05)...
  100. ncbi Comparison of a very low-carbohydrate and low-fat diet on fasting lipids, LDL subclasses, insulin resistance, and postprandial lipemic responses in overweight women
    Jeff S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 1110, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 23:177-84. 2004
    ..The primary purpose of this study was to compare a very low-carbohydrate and a low-fat diet on fasting blood lipids, LDL subclasses, postprandial lipemia, and insulin resistance in overweight and obese women...
  101. ncbi Endurance capacity and high-intensity exercise performance responses to a high fat diet
    Jesse Fleming
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 13:466-78. 2003
    ..These deleterious effects on exercise performance may be accounted for in part by a reduction in body mass and/or increased ratings of perceived exertion...